189 relations: Aero L-39 Albatros, AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven, Air force, Air supremacy, Air traffic control, Air transports of heads of state and government, Air-to-air missile, Aircraft, Airdrop, AirForces Monthly, Airlift, Airspace, Airstrike, Anatoliy Hrytsenko, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, Anti-aircraft warfare, Antonov, Antonov An-24, Antonov An-26, Antonov An-30, Antonov An-70, Armed Forces of the Republic of Moldova, Armed Forces of Ukraine, Artsyz, Avdiivka, Aviation, Belorussian Military District, Bila Tserkva, Black Sea Fleet, Border, Boryspil International Airport, Buk missile system, Chernihiv, Chuhuiv, Close air support, Command and control, Crimea, Czech Republic, Denmark, Derhachi, Dnipro, Engels-2 (air base), England, Feodosia, Government, Havryshivka Vinnytsia International Airport, Helicopter, Ilyushin Il-76, Ilyushin Il-78, Intercontinental ballistic missile, ..., Interfax-Ukraine, International Institute for Strategic Studies, Ivan Franko, Ivan Kozhedub National Air Force University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ivano-Frankivsk International Airport, Jane's Defence Weekly, Kalynivka, Vasylkiv Raion, Kiev Oblast, Kamianka-Buzka, Key Publishing, Kh-55, Kharkiv, KhAZ ViS-3, Kherson, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine, Kiev, Kiev Military District, Kolomyia, Konotop, Kramatorsk, Kropyvnytskyi, Kryvyi Rih, Lieutenant colonel, Lincolnshire, List of Ukrainian aircraft losses during the Ukrainian crisis, Long Range Aviation, Lutsk, Lviv, Lymanske (urban-type settlement), Mariupol, Mariupol International Airport, Melitopol, Mikoyan MiG-29, Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-8, Military, Military ranks of Ukraine, Military transport aircraft, Modern history of Ukraine, Mukachevo (air base), Multirole combat aircraft, Mykolaiv, Myrhorod, Myrhorod Air Base, NATO, Nieuport 17, Nikopol, Ukraine, Nizhyn, Nunn–Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction, Odessa, Odessa Oblast, Ozerne Air Base, Ozerne, Zhytomyr Oblast, Pervomaisk, Mykolaiv Oblast, Petro Franko, Podilsk, Poland, Polish–Ukrainian War, Poltava, Pryluky, Pustomyty, Radar, Radio, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Reconnaissance, Reconnaissance aircraft, Rohan, Kharkiv Oblast, RUAG, Russia, Russian Armed Forces, Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), S-300 missile system, Search and rescue, Serbia, Sevastopol, Sevastopol International Airport, Shepetivka, Signals intelligence, Smila, Soviet Air Forces, Soviet Union, SPAD S.VII, Squadron (aviation), Stamford, Lincolnshire, Starokostiantyniv, Starokostiantyniv Air Base, Stavka, Stryi, Sukhoi Su-24, Sukhoi Su-25, Sukhoi Su-27, Surveillance, The Guardian, Trainer aircraft, Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, Tupolev Tu-134, Tupolev Tu-141, Tupolev Tu-160, Tupolev Tu-22, Tupolev Tu-22M, Tupolev Tu-95, Ukraine, Ukrainian Air Defence Forces, Ukrainian Falcons, Ukrainian Galician Army, Ukrainian Ground Forces, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency, Ukrainian Navy, Ukrainian–Soviet War, Ukroboronprom, Uman, United States, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Vasylkiv, Vasylkiv Air Base, Verkhovna Rada, Viktor Pavlenko, Vinnytsia, Voznesensk, War in Donbass, Warning system, West Ukrainian People's Republic, World War I, Yakovlev Yak-52, Yevpatoria, Zaporizhia, Zaporizhia International Airport, Zolotonosha, 14th Air Army, 15th Transport Aviation Brigade (Ukraine), 160th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade (Ukraine), 17th Air Army, 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, 24th Air Army, 299th Tactical Aviation Brigade, 37th Air Army, 5th Air Army, 7th Tactical Aviation Brigade (Ukraine), 8th Air Defence Army. Expand index (139 more) » « Shrink index
The Aero L-39 Albatros is a high-performance jet trainer developed in Czechoslovakia by Aero Vodochody.
The AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven is a small hand-launched remote-controlled unmanned aerial vehicle (or SUAV) developed for the United States military, but now adopted by the military forces of many other countries.
An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.
Air transports for heads of state and government are, in many countries, provided by the air force in specially equipped airliners or business jets.
Python family of AAM for comparisons, Python-5 (displayed lower-front) and Shafrir-1 (upper-back) An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An airdrop is a type of airlift, developed during World War II to resupply otherwise inaccessible troops, who themselves may have been airborne forces.
Air Forces Monthly is a military aviation magazine published by Key Publishing, and based in Stamford, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom.
An airlift is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel primarily via military transport aircraft.
Airspace is the portion of the atmosphere controlled by a country above its territory, including its territorial waters or, more generally, any specific three-dimensional portion of the atmosphere.
An airstrike or air strike is an offensive operation carried out by attack aircraft.
Anatoliy Stepanovych Hrytsenko (Анатолій Степанович Гриценко; born 25 October 1957) is a Ukrainian politician, independent member of the current Ukrainian parliament, former Minister of Defence, member of the Our Ukraine political party and leader of the Civil Position party.
The Crimean peninsula was annexed from Ukraine by the Russian Federation in February–March 2014.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Antonov State Company (Державне підприємство "Антонов"), formerly the Aeronautical Scientific-Technical Complex named Antonov (Antonov ASTC) (Авіаційний науково-технічний комплекс імені Антонова, (АНТК ім. Антонова)), and earlier the Antonov Design Bureau, is a Soviet, and later a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company.
The Antonov An-24 (Russian/Ukrainian: Антонов Ан-24) (NATO reporting name: Coke) is a 44-seat twin turboprop transport/passenger aircraft designed in 1957 in the Soviet Union by the Antonov Design BureauGordon, Yefim.
The Antonov An-26 (NATO reporting name: Curl) is a twin-engined turboprop civilian and military transport aircraft, designed and produced in the Soviet Union from 1969 to 1986.
The Antonov An-30 (NATO reporting name: Clank), is a development of the An-24 designed for aerial cartography.
The Antonov An-70 (Антонов Ан-70) is a four-engine medium-range transport aircraft, and the first aircraft to take flight powered only by propfan engines.
The Armed Forces of the Republic of Moldova consist of the Ground Forces and Air and Air Defense Forces.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine (Збройні сили України (ЗСУ) Zbroyni Syly Ukrayiny, (ZSU)) is the military of Ukraine.
Artsyz (Арциз, Artsiz;, or Arsız, or Arzis) is a city and the administrative center of Artsyz Raion in Odessa Oblast, Ukraine.
Avdiivka (Avdeevka) is a city of oblast significance in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
The Byelorussian Military District (Белорусский военный округ, Belarusskiy Voyenyi Okrug; alternative spelling Belorussian) was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces.
Bila Tserkva (Бі́ла Це́рква; Biała Cerkiew; Belaya Tserkov; literally 'White Church') is a city in central Ukraine, the largest city in Kiev Oblast.
The Black Sea Fleet (Черноморский Флот, Chernomorsky Flot) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Mediterranean Sea.
Borders are geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, sovereign states, federated states, and other subnational entities.
Boryspil International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт "Бориспіль") is an international airport in Boryspil, east of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine.
The Buk missile system ("Бук"; “beech” (tree)) is a family of self-propelled, medium-range surface-to-air missile systems developed by the Soviet Union and its successor state, the Russian Federation, and designed to counter cruise missiles, smart bombs, fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles.
Chernihiv (Чернігів) also known as Chernigov (p, Czernihów) is a historic city in northern Ukraine, which serves as the administrative center of the Chernihiv Oblast (province), as well as of the surrounding Chernihiv Raion (district) within the oblast.
Chuhuiv (Чугуїв, Čuhujiv) or Chuguev (Чугуев, Čugujev) is a Ukrainian city in Kharkiv Oblast.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
Command and control or C2 is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes...
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Derhachi (translit. Dergachi) is a city in Kharkiv Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine.
Dnipro (Дніпро), until May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk (Дніпропетро́вськ) also known as Dnepropetrovsk (Днепропетро́вск), is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants.
Engels Air Force Base (also given as Engels-2 or Engel's) is a strategic military airbase in Russia located east of Saratov.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Feodosia (Феодо́сия, Feodosiya; Феодо́сія, Feodosiia; Crimean Tatar and Turkish: Kefe), also called Theodosia (from), is a port and resort, a town of regional significance in Crimea on the Black Sea coast.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
Vinnytsia International Airport (Міжнародний Аеропорт «Вінниця» (Гавришівка)) is an airport located near the village of Havryshivka, serving the city of Vinnytsia in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
The Ilyushin Il-76 (Илью́шин Ил-76; NATO reporting name: Candid) is a multi-purpose four-engine turbofan strategic airlifter designed by the Soviet Union's Ilyushin design bureau.
The Ilyushin Il-78 (Илью́шин Ил-78; NATO reporting name Midas) is a Soviet four-engined aerial refueling tanker based on the Il-76.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
The Interfax-Ukraine News Agency (Інтерфакс-Україна) is a Kiev-based Ukrainian news agency founded in 1992.
The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.
Ivan Yakovych Franko (Іван Якович Франко) (&ndash) was a Ukrainian poet, writer, social and literary critic, journalist, interpreter, economist, political activist, doctor of philosophy, ethnographer, and the author of the first detective novels and modern poetry in the Ukrainian language.
The Ivan Kozhedub National Air Force University is a state university administered by the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and is located in the city of Kharkiv.
Ivano-Frankivsk (Ivano-Frankivsk; formerly Stanyslaviv, Stanislau, or Stanisławów; see below) is a historic city located in Western Ukraine.
Ivano-Frankivsk International Airport, (Ukrainian Міжнародний аеропорт Івано-Франківськ) is an airport in Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine, some 4.4 km (2.7 mi) by road from the town center.
Jane's Defence Weekly (abbreviated as JDW) is a weekly magazine reporting on military and corporate affairs, edited by Peter Felstead.
Kalynivka (Калинівка) is an urban-type settlement in Vasylkiv Raion (district) of Kiev Oblast (region) in northern Ukraine.
Kamianka-Buzka (Kam'ianka-Buz’ka, Kamionka Bużańska) is a city in Lviv Oblast, of western Ukraine.
Key Publishing is a magazine publishing company specialising in aviation titles, based in Stamford, Lincolnshire, England.
The Kh-55 (Х-55, also known as RKV-500; NATO reporting name: AS-15 'Kent') is a Soviet/Russian subsonic air-launched cruise missile, designed by MKB Raduga.
Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.
The ViS ViS-3 is a high wing, single-engine ultralight, designed and built in Ukraine.
Kherson is a city in southern Ukraine.
Khmelnytskyi (Chmel'nyc'kyj,; Chmielnicki) (until 1954, Proskuriv, Проску́рів; Płoskirów) is a city in western part of Ukraine, the administrative center for the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (region) and the Khmelnytskyi Raion (district).
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
The Kiev Military District was a military district of the Imperial Russian Army and subsequently of the Red Army and Soviet Armed Forces.
Kolomyia or Kolomyya, formerly known as Kolomea (Kolomyja, Kołomyja, Коломыя, Kolomea, Colomeea, קאלאמיי), is a city located on the Prut River in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province), in western Ukraine.
Konotop (or; Конотоп) is a city in Sumy Oblast in northern Ukraine.
Kramatorsk (Kramators'k; Kramatorsk) is a city of oblast significance located at the northern portion of Donetsk Oblast, in eastern Ukraine.
Kropyvnytskyi (Kropyvnyc'kyj) is a city in central Ukraine on the Inhul river, and is the administrative center of the Kirovohrad Oblast.
Kryvyi Rih (krɪˈwɪj riɦ|lit.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
Below is list of Ukrainian aircraft losses during the Ukrainian crisis, including the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, the 2014 Crimean crisis, and the war in Donbass.
Long Range Aviation (r, abbr. to AДД, or ADD) is the branch of the Soviet Air Forces and Russian Air Force tasked with long-range bombardment of strategic targets with nuclear weapons.
Lutsk (Luc'k,, Łuck, Luck) is a city on the Styr River in northwestern Ukraine.
Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.
Lymanske (Лиманське, Лиманское) is an urban-type settlement in Rozdilna Raion of Odessa Oblast in Ukraine.
Mariupol (Маріу́поль, also Mariiupil; Мариу́поль; Marioupoli) is a city of regional significance in south eastern Ukraine, situated on the north coast of the Sea of Azov at the mouth of the Kalmius river, in the Pryazovia region.
Mariupol International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт Маріуполь, Международный аэропорт Мариуполь), previously known as Zhdanov Airport, is the main airport of the large, industrial city and port of Mariupol and is located 5km from the city.
Melitopol (Меліто́поль, translit. Melitópol’, Мелитополь) is a city in Zaporizhia Oblast (region) of southeastern Ukraine.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mil Mi-24 (Миль Ми-24; NATO reporting name: Hind) is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers.
The Mil Mi-8 (Ми-8, NATO reporting name: Hip) is a medium twin-turbine helicopter, originally designed by the Soviet Union, and now produced by Russia.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The military ranks of Ukraine were created in March 1992 after adopting the law of Ukraine "About Universal Military Duty and Military Service".
Military transport aircraft or military cargo aircraft are typically fixed wing and rotary wing cargo aircraft which are used to airlift troops, weapons and other military equipment by a variety of methods to any area of military operations around the surface of the planet, usually outside the commercial flight routes in uncontrolled airspace.
Ukraine emerges as the concept of a nation, and the Ukrainians as a nationality, with the Ukrainian National Revival which is believed started sometime at the end of 18th and the beginning of 19th century.
Mukachevo is an air base in Ukraine located 6 km southwest of Mukachevo.
A multirole combat aircraft (MRCA) is a combat aircraft intended to perform different roles in combat.
Mykolaiv (Микола́їв), also known as Nikolaev or Nikolayev (Никола́ев), is a city in southern Ukraine, the administrative center of the Mykolaiv Oblast.
Myrhorod (Ми́ргород) is a city in the Poltava Oblast (province) of central Ukraine.
Myrhorod Airport (Аеропорт «Миргород») is an airport located approximately southeast of Myrhorod, in the Poltava region of Ukraine.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The Nieuport 17 C.1 was a French sesquiplaneA type of biplane in which one pair of wings is markedly smaller than the other.
Nikopol (Ні́кополь,; Ни́кополь,; Νικόπολις, literally: "City of Victory") is a city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, on the right bank of the Dnieper River, about 100 km south-west of Dnipro.
Nížyn (Ні́жин,, Не́жин, Nezhin, Nieżyn) is a city located in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine, along the Oster River, north-east of the nation's capital, Kiev.
As the fall of the Soviet Union appeared imminent, the United States and their allies began to worry about the concept that the nuclear weapons held in smaller countries by the Soviet Union could fall or would fall into enemy hands.
Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.
Odessa Oblast (Одеська область, Odes’ka oblast’, Одесская область, Odesskaya oblast’) is an oblast or province of southwestern Ukraine located along the northern coast of the Black Sea, consisting of the eastern part of the historical region of Novorossiya, and the southern part of the historical region of Bessarabia (also known as Budjak), the latter being a former oblast incorporated into the Odessa Oblast, in 1954.
Ozerne (given in source material under the plethora of names: Zhytomyr Ozerna, Ozernyy, Ozernoye, Oziernoye, Ozernoe, Ozernoye, Ozyornoye, Ozyornaya) is an air base in Ozerne, Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine located 11 km southeast of Zhytomyr.
Ozerne (Озерне) is an urban-type settlement in Zhytomyr Raion, Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine.
Pervomaisk (Первома́йск, Pervomajs'k) is a city in Mykolaiv Oblast, Ukraine and the administrative center of the Pervomaisk Raion.
Petro Ivanovych Franko (1890–1941) son of the Ukrainian writer Ivan Franko, was a Ukrainian educator, pedagogue, writer, ethnographer, scientist, military leader, and politician.
Podilsk (Подільськ, Bârzula), until May 2016 Kotovsk (Котовськ, is a city in Odessa Oblast, Ukraine. Administratively, Podilsk is incorporated as a town of oblast significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Podilsk Raion, one of twenty-six districts of Odessa Oblast, though it is not a part of the district. Population: In 2001, population was 40,718 (2001).
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polish–Ukrainian War of 1918 and 1919 was a conflict between the Second Polish Republic and Ukrainian forces (both West Ukrainian People's Republic and Ukrainian People's Republic).
Poltava (Полтава; Полтава) is a city located on the Vorskla River in central Ukraine.
Pryluky (Прилу́ки) is a city located on the Udai River in Chernihiv Oblast, north-central Ukraine.
Pustomyty (Пустомити) is a city in Lviv Oblast (region) of Ukraine.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a broadcasting organization that broadcasts and reports news, information, and analysis to countries in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East where it says that "the free flow of information is either banned by government authorities or not fully developed".
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
A reconnaissance aircraft is a military aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance.
Rohan (Рогань) is an urban-type settlement located in Kharkiv Raion, Kharkiv Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine near the oblast capital of Kharkiv.
RUAG (originally Rüstungs Unternehmen Aktiengesellschaft; Joint Stock Defense Company) is a Swiss technology company, with its headquarters in Bern.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (r) are the military service of the Russian Federation, established after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
In February 2014, Russia made several military incursions into Ukrainian territory.
The S-300 (NATO reporting name SA-10 Grumble) is a series of initially Soviet and later Russian long range surface-to-air missile systems produced by NPO Almaz, based on the initial S-300P version.
Search and rescue (SAR) is the search for and provision of aid to people who are in distress or imminent danger.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Sevastopol (Севастополь; Севасто́поль; Акъяр, Aqyar), traditionally Sebastopol, is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.
Sevastopol International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт Севастополь "Бельбек", is a military airfield in Belbek, a village near Sevastopol in Crimea. There are plans to restore the airfield into an international airport by 2017.
Shepetivka (Шепето́вка, Shepetovka) is a town located on the Huska River in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of Western Ukraine.
Signals intelligence (SIGINT) is intelligence-gathering by interception of signals, whether communications between people (communications intelligence—abbreviated to COMINT) or from electronic signals not directly used in communication (electronic intelligence—abbreviated to ELINT).
Smila is a city located on Dnieper Upland near Tyasmyn River.
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The SPAD S.VII was the first of a series of highly successful biplane fighter aircraft produced by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) during the First World War.
A squadron in air force, army aviation, or naval aviation is a unit comprising a number of military aircraft and their aircrews, usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights, depending on aircraft type and air force.
Stamford is a town on the River Welland in Lincolnshire, England, north of London on the A1.
Starokostiantyniv (Старокостянтинів; Starokonstantynów, or Konstantynów; אלט-קאָנסטאַנטין Alt Konstantin) is a city in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.
Starokostiantyniv is an air base in Ukraine, located east of Starokostiantyniv.
The Stavka (Ставка) was the high command of the armed forces in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.
Stryi (Стрий, Stryj) is a city located on the left bank of the Stryi River in Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine (in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains).
The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name: Fencer) is a supersonic, all-weather attack aircraft developed in the Soviet Union.
The Sukhoi Su-25 Grach (Грач (rook); NATO reporting name: Frogfoot) is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft developed in the Soviet Union by Sukhoi.
The Sukhoi Su-27 (Сухой Су-27; NATO reporting name: Flanker) is a twin-engine supermaneuverable fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi.
Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior, activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting people.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrews.
The original Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was negotiated and concluded during the last years of the Cold War and established comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe (from the Atlantic to the Urals) and mandated the destruction of excess weaponry.
The Tupolev Tu-134 (NATO reporting name: Crusty) is a twin-engined, narrow-body, jet airliner built in the Soviet Union from 1966 to 1989.
The Tupolev Tu-141 Strizh (Swift, Стриж) was a Soviet reconnaissance drone in service with the Soviet Red Army and with a number of its Warsaw Pact and Middle East allies during the late 1970s and 1980s.
The Tupolev Tu-160 (White Swan; NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22 (NATO reporting name: Blinder) was the first supersonic bomber to enter production in the Soviet Union.
The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau.
The Tupolev Tu-95 (Туполев Ту-95; NATO reporting name: "Bear") is a large, four-engine turboprop-powered strategic bomber and missile platform.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Ukrainian Air Defence Forces were an anti-aircraft military service of Ukraine, active from 1992 to 2004.
The Ukrainian Falcons (Ukrayins’ki Sokoly) is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Ukrainian Air Force.
Ukrainian Galician Army (translit, UHA), was the Ukrainian military of the West Ukrainian National Republic during and after the Polish-Ukrainian War.
The Ukrainian Ground Forces (Сухопутні Війська ЗСУ Sukhoputni Viys’ka (ZSU)) are the land force component of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
The UNIAN or Ukrainian Independent Information Agency of News (Українське Незалежне Інформаційне Агентство Новин, УНІАН; Ukrayins'ke Nezalezhne Informatsiyne Ahentstvo Novyn) is a Kiev-based Ukrainian news agency.
The Ukrainian Naval Forces (Військово-Морські Сили України, ВМСУ, Viys’kovo-Mors’ki Syly Ukrayiny, VMSU) is the navy of Ukraine and part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
The Ukrainian–Soviet War (Українсько-радянська війна) is the term commonly used in post-Soviet Ukraine for the events taking place between 1917–21, nowadays regarded essentially as a war between the Ukrainian People's Republic and the Bolsheviks.
Uman (Умань,; Humań) is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard.
Vasylkiv (Василькiв, translit. Vasyl’kiv) is a city located on the Stuhna River in Kiev Oblast (province) in central Ukraine.
Vasylkiv (also Vasyl'kiv) is an interceptor aircraft base since the Cold War in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine located 7 km north of Vasylkiv.
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Верхо́вна Ра́да Украї́ни, Ukrainian abbreviation ВРУ; literally Supreme Council of Ukraine), often simply Verkhovna Rada or just Rada, is the unicameral parliament of Ukraine.
Viktor Pavlenko (Віктор Олексійович Павленко) was a Ukrainian military and political figure.
Vinnytsia (Vinnycja,; translit, Vinnica; Winnica; Winniza, and Vinița) is a city in west-central Ukraine, located on the banks of the Southern Bug.
Voznesensk (Вознесенськ) is a city in Mykolaiv Oblast (region) of Ukraine and the administrative center of Voznesensk Raion (district).
The War in Donbass is an armed conflict in the Donbass region of Ukraine.
Warning system is any system of biological or technical nature deployed by an individual or group to inform of a future danger.
The West Ukrainian People's Republic (Західноукраїнська Народна Республіка., Zakhidnoukrayins’ka Narodna Respublika, ZUNR) was a short-lived republic that existed in late 1918 and early 1919 in eastern Galicia.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The Yakovlev Yak-52 (Яковлев Як-52) is a Soviet primary trainer aircraft which first flew in 1976.
Yevpatoriya is a city of regional significance in Crimea, Ukraine (as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea).
− Zaporizhia (Запорі́жжя) or Zaporozhye (Запоро́жье), formerly Alexandrovsk (Алекса́ндровск), (Олександрівськ), is a city in southeastern Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River.
Zaporizhia International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт "Запоріжжя", Международный аэропорт "Запорожье") is the international airport that serves Zaporizhia, Ukraine one of three airfields around the city.
Zolotonosha (Золотоноша) is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine.
The 14th Air Army was an air army of the Soviet Air Forces during World War II and the Cold War and of the Ukrainian Air Force in the early Post-Soviet period.
The 15th Transport Aviation Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Air Force.
The 160th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Air Force.
The 17th Air Army (17-я воздушная армия) was an Air army of the Red Air Force and Soviet Air Forces from 1942.
From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.
The 24th Air Army was an Air army of the Soviet Air Forces, active from 1980, and probably inactivated in 1992.
The 299th Tactical Aviation Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Air Force based at Kulbakino.
The 37th Air Army (r) of the High Supreme Command (Strategic Purpose) was the strategic bomber force of the Russian Air Force from 1998 to 2009.
The 5th Air Army was an air army of the Soviet Air Forces and later the Ukrainian Air Force.
The 7th Tactical Aviation Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Air Force.
The 8th Separate Army of the Air Defence Forces (Military Unit Number 25342) was a Soviet military formation established in 1960.