378 relations: Acts of Union 1800, Airgíalla, Aldergrove, County Antrim, All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship, All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship, All-Ireland Senior Football Championship, All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, Anglicanism, Anglo-Irish Treaty, Anglo-Normans, Antrim and Newtownabbey, Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council, Antrim GAA, Antrim railway station, Antrim, County Antrim, Appalachian Mountains, Archaeology, Ards and North Down, Ards and North Down Borough Council, Armagh, Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council, Armagh disturbances, Armagh GAA, Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon, Arranmore, Attorney-General for Ireland, Auto racing, Áed Findliath, Éamon de Valera, Ballybofey, Ballymena, Ballymena railway station, Ballymoney railway station, Ballyshannon, Banbridge, Bangor, County Down, Battle of Aughrim, Battle of Benburb, Battle of Moira, Battle of Newtownbutler, Battle of Scarrifholis, Battle of the Boyne, Battle of the Diamond, Belfast, Belfast Central railway station, Belfast City Council, Belfast Great Victoria Street railway station, Belfast International Airport, Belfast–Derry line, Blue Stack Mountains, ..., Border Region, Branches of the Cenél nEógain, British and Irish Lions, British Army, British Empire, British Isles, British North America, British Summer Time, Carrickfergus, Carrickfergus railway station, Carrickmore, Catholic Church, Causeway Coast and Glens, Causeway Coast and Glens Borough Council, Cavan County Council, Census of Ireland 2011, Central Statistics Office (Ireland), Ceremonial counties of England, Christian revival, Church of Ireland, Circuit of Ireland Rally, City of Derry Airport, Claire Sugden, Cliff, Coleraine, Coleraine railway station, Colonialism, Colonization, Columba, Connacht, Connacht Rugby, Conscription, Conscription Crisis of 1918, Counties of Ireland, County Antrim, County Armagh, County Cavan, County Coleraine, County Donegal, County Donegal Railways Joint Committee, County Down, County Fermanagh, County Londonderry, County Mayo, County Monaghan, County Tyrone, Covenanter, Craigavon, Cricket, Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, Culture of Ulster, Curragh incident, Darren Clarke, Dáil Éireann, Dál Riata, Declaration of Indulgence, Defenders (Ireland), Democratic Unionist Party, Derry, Derry and Strabane, Derry and Strabane District Council, Derry City F.C., Derry GAA, Derryveagh Mountains, Dolmen, Dominion, Domnall Ua Lochlainn, Domnall ua Néill, Donegal Airport, Donegal County Council, Down GAA, Drumlin, Dublin, Dublin Connolly railway station, Dutch Blue Guards, Earl of Ulster, Earldom of Ulster, Edward Carson, Eglinton, County Londonderry, Elizabeth I of England, Enniskillen, Enterprise (train service), Eoin MacNeill, Erskine Hamilton Childers, Felim O'Neill of Kinard, Fermanagh and Omagh, Fermanagh and Omagh District Council, Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, Finn Harps F.C., Finnian of Movilla, Fintown railway station, First Dáil, Flag of Ulster, Flight of the Earls, Football Association of Ireland, Frank Aiken, Fred Daly (golfer), GAA Interprovincial Championship, Gaelic Athletic Association, Gaelic football, Gaelic games, Gaelic Ireland, Gaels, Gaeltacht, George Best Belfast City Airport, Georgia (U.S. state), German Empire, Giant's Causeway, Glorious Revolution, Government of Ireland Act 1914, Government of Ireland Act 1920, Government of Northern Ireland (1921–1972), Graeme McDowell, Grand Alliance (League of Augsburg), Great Northern Railway (Ireland), Green Party in Northern Ireland, Greenwich Mean Time, Henry Joy McCracken, High King of Ireland, History of Ireland (1169–1536), History of Scotland, Holy See, Home rule, Home Rule Crisis, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster, Hurling, Iarnród Éireann, Independent politician, Ireland, Ireland and World War I, Irish Boundary Commission, Irish Confederate Wars, Irish Declaration of Independence, Irish Football Association, Irish Free State, Irish general election, 1918, Irish Home Rule movement, Irish language, Irish nationalism, Irish Parliamentary Party, Irish Rebellion of 1641, Irish Rebellion of 1798, Irish Republican Army (1919–1922), Irish republicanism, Irish Rugby Football Union, Irish Volunteers, Irish War of Independence, Isle of Man, ISO 3166-2, Jack Kyle, Jack Lynch, Jacobitism, James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, James II of England, James VI and I, Jim Webb, John Davies (poet), John de Courcy, Kentucky, Larne, Larne gun-running, Larne Harbour railway station, League of Ireland, Leinster Rugby, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, Letterkenny, Lisburn, Lisburn and Castlereagh, List of English monarchs, List of kings of Ulster, List of settlements on the island of Ireland by population, List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, Local government in Northern Ireland, Local government in the Republic of Ireland, Londonderry City (UK Parliament constituency), Londonderry railway station, Lough Erne, Lough Finn, Lough Neagh, Louis XIV of France, Malin Head, Meic Lochlainn, Member of parliament, Member of the European Parliament, Member of the Legislative Assembly (Northern Ireland), Michael Collins (Irish leader), Mid and East Antrim, Mid and East Antrim Borough Council, Mid-Ulster District, Mid-Ulster District Council, Midlands–North-West (European Parliament constituency), Mike Gibson (rugby union), Monaghan County Council, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Mourne Mountains, Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn, Munster Rugby, National Football League (Ireland), National Hurling League, Neologism, New Model Army, Newry, Newry railway station, Newry, Mourne and Down, Newry, Mourne and Down District Council, Newtownards, NI Railways, Niall Glúndub, Nine Years' War, Nine Years' War (Ireland), Norman invasion of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland (European Parliament constituency), Northern Ireland Conservatives, Northern Ireland Football League, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, Northern Uí Néill, Norway, O'Donnell dynasty, O'Neill dynasty, Ohio River, Old Norse, Oliver Cromwell, Omagh, Orange Order, Owen Roe O'Neill, Parliament of Northern Ireland, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Partition of Ireland, Peadar O'Donnell, Peep o' Day Boys, Penal Laws (Ireland), Pennsylvania, People Before Profit, Place names in Ireland, Plantation, Plantation (settlement or colony), Plantation of Ulster, Plantations of Ireland, Polish language, Pomeroy, County Tyrone, Portadown railway station, Power (social and political), Presbyterianism, President of Ireland, Pro14, Progressive Unionist Party, Protestant Ascendancy, Protestantism, Protestantism in Ireland, Protohistory of Ireland, Provinces of Ireland, Rallying, Red Hand of Ulster, Republic of Ireland, Revolution, River Bann, River Shannon, RMS Titanic, Rory McIlroy, Rossnowlagh, Rugby union, Scotch-Irish Americans, Scotland, Scottish Gaelic, Seán Lemass, Sectarianism, Setanta Sports Cup, Shannon Pot, Shetland, Shipbuilding, Shipyard, Siege of Derry, Siege of Kinsale, Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin Manifesto 1918, Slieve Donard, Slieve League, Sligo, Society of United Irishmen, Southern Ireland (1921–22), Southern United States, Sperrins, Suzerainty, Sydenham railway station (Northern Ireland), Taoiseach, Teachta Dála, Texas, The Rosses, Time in Ireland, Traditional Unionist Voice, Tudor conquest of Ireland, Tyrconnell, UK Independence Party, Ulaid, Ulster Banner, Ulster Covenant, Ulster Cycle, Ulster English, Ulster GAA, Ulster Irish, Ulster loyalism, Ulster nationalism, Ulster Protestants, Ulster Rugby, Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster Scots people, Ulster Senior Football Championship, Ulster Senior Hurling Championship, Ulster Unionist Party, Ulster Volunteers, UNESCO, Unionism in Ireland, United Kingdom, United Kingdom census, 2011, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Volcano, Wales, Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Western European Time, William III of England, Williamite, Williamite War in Ireland, World Heritage site, 1859 Ulster revival, 2000 United States Census. Expand index (328 more) » « Shrink index
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Airgíalla (Modern Irish: Oirialla, English: Oriel, Latin: Ergallia) was a medieval Irish over-kingdom and the collective name for the confederation of tribes that formed it.
Aldergrove (Na Fearnóga) is a townland sub-division in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
The All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship is an annual Gaelic football tournament which began in season 1970-71.
The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Senior Club Championship, known simply as the All-Ireland Club Championship, is an annual inter-county hurling competition organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
The All-Ireland Senior Football Championship (SFC), the premier competition in Gaelic football, is an annual series of games played in Ireland and organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
The GAA Hurling All-Ireland Senior Championship, known simply as the All-Ireland Championship, is an annual inter-county hurling competition organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
The Anglo-Irish Treaty (An Conradh Angla-Éireannach), commonly known as The Treaty and officially the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was an agreement between the government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and representatives of the Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence.
The Anglo-Normans were the medieval ruling class in England, composed mainly of a combination of ethnic Anglo-Saxons, Normans and French, following the Norman conquest.
Antrim and Newtownabbey is a local government district in Northern Ireland.
Antrim and Newtownabbey Borough Council is a local authority that was established on 1 April 2015.
The Antrim County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Chontae Aontroma) or Antrim GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in County Antrim.
Antrim railway station serves Antrim in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Antrim is a town and civil parish in County Antrim in the northeast of Northern Ireland, on the banks of the Six Mile Water, half a mile northeast of Lough Neagh.
The Appalachian Mountains (les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Ards and North Down is a local government district in Northern Ireland.
Ards and North Down Borough Council is a local authority in Northern Ireland that was established on 1 April 2015.
Armagh is the county town of County Armagh and a city in Northern Ireland, as well as a civil parish.
Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon Borough Council is a local authority that was established on 1 April 2015.
The Armagh disturbances was a period of intense sectarian fighting in the 1780s and 1790s between the Ulster Protestant Peep o' Day Boys and the Roman Catholic Defenders, in County Armagh, Kingdom of Ireland, culminating in the Battle of the Diamond in 1795.
The Armagh County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Chontae Ard Mhacha) or Armagh GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in County Armagh.
Armagh City, Banbridge and Craigavon is a local government district in Northern Ireland.
Árainn Mhór (English name: Arranmore) is an island off the west coast of County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland.
The Attorney-General for Ireland was an Irish and then (from the Act of Union 1800) United Kingdom government office-holder.
Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.
Áed mac Neíll (died 879), called Áed Findliath ("fair-grey Áed"; Modern Irish: Aodh Fionnadhliath) to distinguish him from his paternal grandfather Áed Oirdnide, was king of Ailech and High King of Ireland.
Éamon de Valera (first registered as George de Valero; changed some time before 1901 to Edward de Valera; 14 October 1882 – 29 August 1975) was a prominent statesman and political leader in 20th-century Ireland.
Ballybofey is a town located on the south bank of the River Finn, County Donegal, Ireland.
Ballymena is a large town in County Antrim, and the eighth largest in Northern Ireland.
Ballymena railway station serves the Ballymena area in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Ballymoney railway station serves Ballymoney in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Ballyshannon is a town in County Donegal, Ireland.
Banbridge is a town in County Down, Northern Ireland.
Bangor is a large town in County Down, Northern Ireland.
The Battle of Aughrim (Cath Eachroma) was the decisive battle of the Williamite War in Ireland.
The Battle of Benburb took place on 5 June 1646 during the Irish Confederate Wars, the Irish theatre of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
The Battle of Moira, known archaically as the Battle of Magh Rath, was fought in the summer of 637 by the High King of Ireland Domnall II against his foster son Congal Cáech, king of Ulaid, supported by his ally Domnall Brecc of Dál Riata.
The Battle of Newtownbutler took place near Enniskillen in County Fermanagh, Ireland, now in Northern Ireland, in 1689 and was part of the Williamite War in Ireland between the forces of William III and Mary II and those of King James II.
The Battle of Scarrifholis was fought in County Donegal in the north-west of Ireland on 21 June 1650, during the Irish Confederate Wars – part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms (Irish: Cogadh na dTrí Ríocht).
The Battle of the Boyne (Cath na Bóinne) was a battle in 1690 between the forces of the deposed King James II of England, and those of Dutch Prince William of Orange who, with his wife Mary II (his cousin and James's daughter), had acceded to the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1688.
The Battle of the Diamond was a planned confrontation between the Catholic Defenders and the Protestant Peep o' Day Boys that took place on 21 September 1795 near Loughgall, County Armagh, Ireland.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Belfast Central is a railway station serving the city of Belfast in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Belfast City Council (Comhairle Cathrach Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Bilfawst Citie Cooncil) is the local authority with responsibility for part of the city of Belfast, the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland.
Belfast Great Victoria Street is a major railway station serving the city centre of Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Belfast International Airport is an airport northwest of Belfast in Northern Ireland.
The Belfast–Londonderry line (referred to as the Derry~Londonderry Line by NI Railways) runs from Belfast to Derry in Northern Ireland.
The Blue Stack Mountains or Bluestack Mountains, also called the Croaghgorms, are the major mountain range in the south of County Donegal, Ireland.
The Border Region is a NUTS Level III statistical region of the Republic of Ireland.
The Cenél nEógain or Kinel-Owen ("Kindred of Owen") are a branch of the Northern Uí Néill, who claim descent from Eógan mac Néill, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages.
The British & Irish Lions is a rugby union team selected from players eligible for any of the Home Nations – the national teams of England, Scotland, and Wales – and Ireland.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
The term "British North America" refers to the former territories of the British Empire on the mainland of North America.
During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.
Carrickfergus, colloquially known as "Carrick", is a large town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Carrickfergus railway station serves the centre of Carrickfergus in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Carrickmore is a village in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Causeway Coast and Glens is a local government district covering most of the northern part of Northern Ireland.
Causeway Coast and Glens Borough Council is a local authority in Northern Ireland that was established on 1 April 2015.
Cavan County Council (Comhairle Contae an Chabháin) is the authority responsible for local government in County Cavan, Ireland.
The Census of Ireland 2011 was held on Sunday, 10 April 2011.
The Central Statistics Office (CSO; An Phríomh-Oifig Staidrimh) is the statistical agency responsible for the gathering of "information relating to economic, social and general activities and conditions" in Ireland, in particular the National Census which is held every five years.
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
Revivalism is increased spiritual interest or renewal in the life of a church congregation or society, with a local, national or global effect.
The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: Kirk o Airlann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.
The Circuit of Ireland International Rally is an annual automobile rally, which was first held in 1931 making it the third oldest rally in the world.
City of Derry Airport is a regional airport located northeast of Derry, Northern Ireland.
Claire Sugden (born 7 August 1986) is a Northern Irish politician who was the Minister of Justice in the fourth Northern Ireland Executive from May 2016 to March 2017.
In geography and geology, a cliff is a vertical, or nearly vertical, rock exposure.
Coleraine (Flanaghan, Deirdre & Laurence; Irish Place Names, page 194. Gill & Macmillan, 2002.) is a large town and civil parish near the mouth of the River Bann in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
Coleraine railway station serves the town of Coleraine in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
Colonization (or colonisation) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.
Saint Columba (Colm Cille, 'church dove'; Columbkille; 7 December 521 – 9 June 597) was an Irish abbot and missionary credited with spreading Christianity in what is today Scotland at the start of the Hiberno-Scottish mission.
ConnachtPage five of An tOrdú Logainmneacha (Contaetha agus Cúigí) 2003 clearly lists the official spellings of the names of the four provinces of the country with Connacht listed for both languages; when used without the term 'The province of' / 'Cúige'.
Connacht Rugby (Rugbaí Connachta) is one of the four professional provincial rugby teams from the island of Ireland.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
The Conscription Crisis of 1918 stemmed from a move by the British government to impose conscription (military draft) in Ireland in April 1918 during the First World War.
The counties of Ireland (contaetha na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: coonties o Airlann) are sub-national divisions that have been, and in some cases continue to be, used to geographically demarcate areas of local government.
County Antrim (named after the town of Antrim)) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster. The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. The majority of Belfast, the capital city of Northern Ireland, is in County Antrim, with the remainder being in County Down. It is currently one of only two counties of Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Protestant background, according to the 2001 census. The other is County Down to the south.
County Armagh (named after its county town, Armagh) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland.
County Cavan (Contae an Chabháin) is a county in Ireland.
County Coleraine, called the County of Colerain in the earliest documents, was one of the counties of Ireland from 1585 to 1613.
County Donegal (Contae Dhún na nGall) is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster.
The County Donegal Railways Joint Committee operated an extensive narrow gauge railway system serving county Donegal, Ireland, from 1906 until 1960.
County Down is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland.
County Fermanagh is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland and one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Londonderry (Contae Dhoire; Ulster-Scots: Coontie Lunnonderrie), also known as County Derry, is one of the six counties of Northern Ireland.
County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.
County Monaghan (Contae Mhuineacháin) is a county in Ireland.
County Tyrone is one of the six historic counties of Northern Ireland.
The Covenanters were a Scottish Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent that of England and Ireland, during the 17th century.
Craigavon is a planned settlement in northern County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
The Cromwellian conquest of Ireland or Cromwellian war in Ireland (1649–53) refers to the conquest of Ireland by the forces of the English Parliament, led by Oliver Cromwell, during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Ulster is one of the four provinces of Ireland.
The Curragh incident of 20 March 1914, also known as the Curragh mutiny, occurred in the Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland.
Darren Christopher Clarke, (born 14 August 1968) is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland who currently plays on the European Tour and has previously played on the PGA Tour.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Dál Riata or Dál Riada (also Dalriada) was a Gaelic overkingdom that included parts of western Scotland and northeastern Ireland, on each side of the North Channel.
The Declaration of Indulgence or Declaration for Liberty of Conscience was a pair of proclamations made by James II of England and VII of Scotland in 1687.
The Defenders were a Roman Catholic agrarian secret society in 18th-century Ireland, founded in County Armagh.
The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland.
Derry City and Strabane is a local government district that was created on 1 April 2015 by merging the City of Derry District and Strabane District.
Derry City and Strabane District Council (Comhairle Chathair Dhoire agus Cheantar an tSratha Báin; Ulster-Scots: Derry Cittie & Stràbane Destrìck Cooncil) is a local authority in Northern Ireland that was established on 1 April 2015.
Derry City Football Club (Cumann Peile Chathair Dhoire) is a professional football club based in Derry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
The Derry County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Chontae Dhoire) or Derry GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland.
The Derryveagh Mountains are the major mountain range in County Donegal, Ireland.
A dolmen is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of two or more vertical megaliths supporting a large flat horizontal capstone or "table".
Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.
Domhnall Ua Lochlainn (old spelling: Domnall Ua Lochlainn) (1048 – 10 February 1121), also known as Domhnall Mac Lochlainn (old spelling: Domnall Mac Lochlainn), claimed to be High King of Ireland.
Domhnall ua Néill (old spelling: Domnall ua Néill; anglicised as Donal O'Neill) (died 980) was High King of Ireland from 956 to 980.
Donegal Airport (Aerfort Dhún na nGall) is located south-west of Bunbeg in Carrickfinn, a townland in The Rosses, a district in north-west County Donegal, Ireland.
Donegal County Council (Comhairle Contae Dhún na nGall) is the authority responsible for local government in County Donegal, Ireland.
The Down County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Cumann Lúthchleas Gael Coiste Chontae An Dún) or Down GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for the administration of Gaelic games in County Down.
A drumlin, from the Irish word droimnín ("littlest ridge"), first recorded in 1833, and in the classical sense is an elongated hill in the shape of an inverted spoon or half-buried egg formed by glacial ice acting on underlying unconsolidated till or ground moraine.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Dublin Connolly (Stáisiún Uí Chonghaile) is the busiest railway station in Dublin and Ireland, and is a focal point in the Irish route network.
The Dutch Blue Guard was an elite infantry unit of the army of the United Provinces of the Netherlands.
The title of Earl of Ulster has been created six times in the Peerage of Ireland and twice Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earldom of Ulster was an Anglo-Norman lordship in northern medieval Ireland, established by John de Courcy from the conquest of the province of Ulaid in eastern Ulster.
Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson, PC, PC (Ire), KC (9 February 1854 – 22 October 1935), from 1900 to 1921 known as Sir Edward Carson, was an Irish unionist politician, barrister and judge.
Eglinton (formerly known as Muff) is a village in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Enniskillen is a town and civil parish in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
| Enterprise is the cross-border inter-city train service between in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland, jointly operated by Iarnród Éireann (IE) and NI Railways (NIR).
Eóin MacNeill (Eóin Mac Néill; 15 May 1867 – 15 October 1945) was an Irish scholar, Irish language enthusiast, Gaelic revivalist, nationalist, and Sinn Féin politician.
Erskine Hamilton Childers (11 December 1905 – 17 November 1974) was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as the 4th President of Ireland from June 1973 to November 1974.
Sir Felim Rua O'Neill of Ceann Ard (Kinard) (died August 1653), also called Phelim Roe O'Neill or Féilim Rua Ó Néill (Irish), was an Irish nobleman who led the Irish Rebellion of 1641 in Ulster which began on 22 October 1641.
Fermanagh and Omagh (Comhairle Ceantair Fhear Manach agus na hÓmaí) is a local government district that was created on 1 April 2015 by merging Fermanagh District and Omagh District.
Fermanagh and Omagh District Council (Comhairle Ceantair Fhear Manach agus na hÓmaí; Ulster-Scots: Districk Cooncil o Fermanagh an Omey) is a local authority in Northern Ireland and was established on 1 April 2015.
Fianna Fáil (meaning 'Soldiers of Destiny' or 'Warriors of Fál'), officially Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party (Fianna Fáil – An Páirtí Poblachtánach), is a political party in Ireland.
Fine Gael (English: Family or Tribe of the Irish) is a liberal-conservative and Christian democratic political party in Ireland.
Finn Harps Football Club (Cumann Peile Chláirsigh na Finne) are an Irish football club that will play in the First Division of the League of Ireland, as of 2018.
Finnian of Movilla (–589) was an Irish Christian missionary.
Fintown Railway station served the village of Fintown in County Donegal, Ireland.
The First Dáil (An Chéad Dáil) was Dáil Éireann as it convened from 1919–1921.
The Flag of Ulster is a historic banner used to represent Ulster, one of the four provinces of Ireland.
The Flight of the Earls (Irish: Imeacht na nIarlaí) took place on 4 September 1607, when Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone and Red Hugh O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, and about ninety followers left Ulster in Ireland for mainland Europe.
The Football Association of Ireland (FAI; Cumann Peile na hÉireann) is the governing body for association football in the Republic of Ireland.
Francis Thomas Aiken (13 February 1898 – 18 May 1983) was an Irish politician who served as Tánaiste from 1965-69, Minister for External Affairs from 1957 to 1969 and 1951 to 1954, Minister for Finance from 1945 to 1948, Minister for the Co-ordination of Defensive Measures 1939 to 1945, Minister for Defence from 1932 to 1939 and Minister for Lands and Fisheries from June-November 1936.
Frederick J. Daly, MBE (11 October 1911 – 18 November 1990) was a Northern Irish professional golfer, best known for winning The Open Championship in 1947 at the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake.
The GAA Interprovincial Championship (An Corn Idir-Chúigeach) or Railway Cup (Corn an Iarnróid) is the name of two annual Gaelic football and hurling competitions held between the provinces of Ireland.
The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA; Cumann Lúthchleas Gael, (CLG)) is an Irish international amateur sporting and cultural organisation, focused primarily on promoting indigenous Gaelic games and pastimes, which include the traditional Irish sports of hurling, camogie, Gaelic football, Gaelic handball and rounders.
Gaelic football (Irish: Peil Ghaelach; short name Peil or Caid), commonly referred to as football or Gaelic, is an Irish team sport.
Gaelic games are sports played in Ireland under the auspices of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
Gaelic Ireland (Éire Ghaidhealach) was the Gaelic political and social order, and associated culture, that existed in Ireland from the prehistoric era until the early 17th century.
The Gaels (Na Gaeil, Na Gàidheil, Ny Gaeil) are an ethnolinguistic group native to northwestern Europe.
Gaeltacht (plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word for any primarily Irish-speaking region.
George Best Belfast City Airport is a single-runway airport in Belfast, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic fissure eruption.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.
The Government of Ireland Act 1914 (4 & 5 Geo. 5 c. 90), also known as the Home Rule Act, and before enactment as the Third Home Rule Bill, was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom intended to provide home rule (self-government within the United Kingdom) for Ireland.
The Government of Ireland Act 1920 (10 & 11 Geo. 5 c. 67) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Executive Committee or the Executive Committee of the Privy Council of Northern Ireland was the government of Northern Ireland created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
Graeme McDowell (born 30 July 1979) is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland who plays on both the PGA Tour and European Tour.
The Grand Alliance is the name commonly used for the coalition formed on 20 December 1689 by England, the Dutch Republic and Emperor Leopold, on behalf of the Archduchy of Austria.
The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) (GNR(I) or GNRI) was an Irish gauge railway company in Ireland.
The Green Party in Northern Ireland is a green party in Northern Ireland which works in co-operation with green parties across Britain and Ireland, Europe and globally.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
Henry Joy McCracken (31 August 1767 – 17 July 1798) was an Irish Republican and industrialist from Belfast, Ireland.
The High Kings of Ireland (Ard-Rí na hÉireann) were sometimes historical and sometimes legendary figures who had, or who are claimed to have had, lordship over the whole of Ireland.
The history of Ireland from 1169–1536 covers the period from the arrival of the Cambro-Normans to the reign of Henry VIII of England, who made himself King of Ireland.
The is known to have begun by the end of the last glacial period (in the paleolithic), roughly 10,000 years ago.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens.
The Home Rule Crisis was a political and military crisis in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland that followed the introduction of the Third Home Rule Bill in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in 1912.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster (~1176 – after December 26, 1242) was an Anglo-Norman soldier and peer.
Hurling (iománaíocht, iomáint) is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic and Irish origin.
Iarnród Éireann, also known as Irish Rail in English, is the operator of the national railway network of Ireland.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
During World War I (1914–1918), Ireland was part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which entered the war in August 1914 as one of the Entente Powers, along with France, and the Russian Empire.
The Irish Boundary Commission (Coimisiún na Teorainne) met in 1924–25 to decide on the precise delineation of the border between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland.
The Irish Confederate Wars, also called the Eleven Years' War (derived from the Irish language name Cogadh na hAon Bhliana Déag), took place in Ireland between 1641 and 1653.
The Declaration of Independence (Forógra na Saoirse, Déclaration d'Indépendance) was a document adopted by Dáil Éireann, the revolutionary parliament of the Irish Republic, at its first meeting in the Mansion House, Dublin, on 21 January 1919.
The Irish Football Association (IFA) is the governing body for association football in Northern Ireland.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The Irish general election of 1918 was that part of the 1918 general election which took place in Ireland.
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
Irish nationalism is an ideology which asserts that the Irish people are a nation.
The Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP; commonly called the Irish Party or the Home Rule Party) was formed in 1874 by Isaac Butt, the leader of the Nationalist Party, replacing the Home Rule League, as official parliamentary party for Irish nationalist Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons at Westminster within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland up until 1918.
The Irish Rebellion of 1641 (Éirí Amach 1641) began as an attempted coup d'état by Irish Catholic gentry, who tried to seize control of the English administration in Ireland to force concessions for Catholics.
The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798), also known as the United Irishmen Rebellion (Éirí Amach na nÉireannach Aontaithe), was an uprising against British rule in Ireland lasting from May to September 1798.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) (Óglaigh na hÉireann) was an Irish republican revolutionary paramilitary organisation.
Irish republicanism (poblachtánachas Éireannach) is an ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
The Irish Rugby Football Union (IRFU) (Cumann Rugbaí na hÉireann) is the body managing rugby union in the island of Ireland (both Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).
The Irish Volunteers (Óglaigh na hÉireann), sometimes called the Irish Volunteer Force or Irish Volunteer Army, was a military organisation established in 1913 by Irish nationalists.
The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.
The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
John Wilson Kyle, (10 February 1926 – 27 November 2014), commonly referred to as Jack Kyle or Jackie Kyle, was a rugby union player who played for Ireland, the British Lions and the Barbarians during the 1940s and 1950s.
John Mary Lynch (15 August 1917 – 20 October 1999), known as Jack Lynch, was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Taoiseach from 1966 to 1973 and 1977 to 1979, Leader of Fianna Fáil from 1966 to 1979, Leader of the Opposition from 1973 to 1977, Minister for Finance from 1965 to 1966, Minister for Industry and Commerce from 1959 to 1965, Minister for Education 1957 to 1959, Minister for Gaeltacht Affairs from March 1957 to June 1957, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Lands and Parliamentary Secretary to the Taoiseach from 1951 to 1954.
Jacobitism (Seumasachas, Seacaibíteachas, Séamusachas) was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and Ireland (as James VII in Scotland) and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland.
James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, PC, PC (NI) DL (8 January 1871 – 24 November 1940), was a prominent Irish unionist politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
James Henry Webb Jr. (born February 9, 1946) is an American politician and author.
Sir John Davies (16 April 1569 (baptised)8 December 1626) was an English poet, lawyer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1621.
Sir John de Courcy (also Courci; 1150–1219) was an Anglo-Norman knight who arrived in Ireland in 1176.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Larne (the name of a Gaelic territory) is a seaport and industrial market town, as well as a civil parish, on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, with a population of 18,323 people in the 2008 Estimate.
The Larne gun-running was a major gun smuggling operation organised in April 1914 in Ireland by Major Frederick H. Crawford and Captain Wilfrid Spender for the Ulster Unionist Council to equip the Ulster Volunteer Force.
Larne Harbour railway station, Larne, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, serves the ferry port for ferries to Cairnryan.
The League of Ireland (Sraith na hÉireann), together with the Football Association of Ireland, is one of the two main governing bodies responsible for organising association football in the Republic of Ireland.
Leinster Rugby (Rugbaí Laighean) is one of the four professional provincial rugby teams from the island of Ireland and the most successful Irish team both domestically and in European competition.
Leopold I (name in full: Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician; I.; 9 June 1640 – 5 May 1705) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia.
Letterkenny, nicknamed "the Cathedral Town", is the largest and most populous town in County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland.
Lisburn (or; meaning "fort of the stream", probably) is a city in Northern Ireland.
Lisburn and Castlereagh is a local government district in Northern Ireland.
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the petty kingdoms to rule a portion of modern England.
The King of Ulster (Old Irish: Rí Ulad, Modern Irish: Rí Uladh) also known as the King of Ulaid and King of the Ulaid, refers to the kings of the Irish provincial over-kingdom of Ulaid.
This is a list of the 60 largest towns and cities on the island of Ireland by population.
This is a list of the most populous urban areas as at the 2011 census, as defined by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), although the basis for the sourced list (used for its ready availability of the data) is Citypopulation.de.
Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes.
In Ireland, local government functions are mostly exercised by thirty-one local authorities, termed County, City, or City and County Councils.
Londonderry City was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland.
Londonderry Railway Station, known commonly as Waterside Railway Station, is a railway terminus in the city of Derry in Northern Ireland, on the east bank of the River Foyle.
Lough Erne is the name of two connected lakes in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
Lough Finn (Loch Finne) is a freshwater lough (lake) in County Donegal, Ireland.
Lough Neagh is a large freshwater lake in Northern Ireland.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Malin Head (Cionn Mhálanna) is located on the Inishowen Peninsula, County Donegal, Republic of Ireland and is the most northerly point of the island of Ireland.
The Meic Lochlann, also spelt as Mic Lochlainn, and Mac Lochlainn, were a leading branch of the Cenél nEógain, who were in turn a segment of the Uí Néill.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs; Comhaltaí den Tionól Reachtach, CTRs; Ulster-Scots: Laa-Makkan Forgaitherars, LMFs) are representatives elected by the voters to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
Michael Collins (Mícheál Ó Coileáin; 16 October 1890 – 22 August 1922) was an Irish revolutionary, soldier and politician who was a leading figure in the early-20th-century Irish struggle for independence.
Mid and East Antrim is a local government district in Northern Ireland.
Mid and East Antrim Borough Council is a local authority that was established on 1 April 2015.
Mid-Ulster is a local government district in Northern Ireland.
Mid-Ulster District Council (Comhairle Ceantair Lár Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Mid Ulstèr Airts Cooncil) is a local authority that was established on 1 April 2015.
Midlands–North-West is a constituency of the European Parliament in Ireland.
Cameron Michael Henderson Gibson MBE (born 3 December 1942) is a former rugby union footballer who represented Ireland and the British and Irish Lions at international level.
Monaghan County Council (Comhairle Contae Mhuineacháin) is the authority responsible for local government in County Monaghan, Ireland.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
The Mourne Mountains (na Beanna Boirche), also called the Mournes or Mountains of Mourne, are a granite mountain range in County Down in the south-east of Northern Ireland.
Muircheartach Mac Lochlainn (old spelling: Muirchertach mac Lochlainn) was king of Tír Eoghain, and High King of Ireland from around 1156 until his death in 1166.
Munster Rugby (Rugbaí Mumhan) is one of the four professional provincial rugby teams from the island of Ireland.
The National Football League (NFL; Sraith Náisiúnta Peile) is an annual Gaelic football competition between the senior county teams of Ireland plus London.
The National Hurling League is an annual inter-county hurling competition featuring teams from Ireland and England.
A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration.
Newry is a city in Northern Ireland, divided by the Clanrye river in counties Armagh and Down, from Belfast and from Dublin.
Newry railway station (Stáisiún Iúr Cinn Trá) serves Newry and Bessbrook in Northern Ireland.
Newry, Mourne and Down is a new local government district in Northern Ireland that was created on 1 April 2015 by merging Newry and Mourne District and Down District.
Newry, Mourne and Down District Council is a bilingual local authority in Northern Ireland that was established on 1 April 2015.
Newtownards, is a large town, townland and civil parish in County Down, Northern Ireland.
NI Railways, also known as Northern Ireland Railways (NIR) and for a brief period Ulster Transport Railways (UTR), is the railway operator in Northern Ireland.
Niall Glúndub mac Áedo (Modern Irish: Niall Glúndubh mac Aodha) (died 14 September 919) was a 10th-century Irish king of the Cenél nEógain and High King of Ireland.
The Nine Years' War (1688–97) – often called the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg – was a conflict between Louis XIV of France and a European coalition of Austria, the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch Republic, Spain, England and Savoy.
The Nine Years' War or Tyrone's Rebellion took place in Ireland from 1593 to 1603.
The Norman invasion of Ireland took place in stages during the late 12th century, at a time when Gaelic Ireland was made up of several kingdoms, with a High King claiming lordship over all.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Northern Ireland is a constituency of the European Parliament.
Northern Ireland Conservatives is a section of the United Kingdom's Conservative Party that operates in Northern Ireland.
The Northern Ireland Football League (commonly abbreviated to NIFL), also known as the Irish League, is the national football league of Northern Ireland.
The Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA, Gníomhaireacht Thuaisceart Éireann um Staitisticí agus Taighde) is an executive agency within the Department of Finance in Northern Ireland.
The Northern Uí Néill is the name given to several dynasties in north-western medieval Ireland that claimed descent from a common ancestor, Niall of the Nine Hostages.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The O'Donnell dynasty (Ó Dónaill or Ó Domhnaill or Ó Doṁnaill; derived from the Irish name Domhnall, which means "ruler of the world", Dónall in modern Irish) were an ancient and powerful Irish family, kings, princes and lords of Tyrconnell (Tír Chonaill in Irish, now County Donegal) in early times, and the chief allies and sometimes rivals of the O'Neills in Ulster.
The O'Neill dynasty (Ó Néill) is a group of families, ultimately all of Irish Gaelic origin, that have held prominent positions and titles in Ireland and elsewhere.
The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
Omagh is the county town of County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.
Owen Roe O'Neill (Eoghan Ruadh Ó Néill; c. 1585 – 6 November 1649) was a Gaelic Irish soldier and one of the most famous of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster in Ireland.
The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the Home Rule legislature of Northern Ireland, created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which sat from 7 June 1921 to 30 March 1972, when it was suspended with the introduction of Direct Rule.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The partition of Ireland (críochdheighilt na hÉireann) was the division of the island of Ireland into two distinct jurisdictions, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland.
Peadar O'Donnell (Peadar Ó Domhnaill; 22 February 1893 – 13 May 1986) was one of the foremost radicals of 20th-century Ireland.
The Peep o' Day Boys was an agrarian Protestant association in 18th-century Ireland.
In the island of Ireland, Penal Laws (Na Péindlíthe) were a series of laws imposed in an attempt to force Irish Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters (such as local Presbyterians) to accept the reformed denomination as defined by the English state established Anglican Church and practised by members of the Irish state established Church of Ireland.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
People Before Profit (PBP) is a socialist, and Eurosceptic political party formed in October 2005.
The vast majority of placenames in Ireland are anglicisations of Irish language names; that is, adaptations of the Irish names to English phonology and spelling.
A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.
Plantation was an early method of colonisation where settlers went in order to establish a permanent or semi-permanent colonial base, for example for planting tobacco or cotton.
The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of James VI and I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England, although there was a small number of Welsh settlers.
Plantations in 16th- and 17th-century Ireland involved the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from the island of Great Britain.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
Pomeroy is a small village and civil parish in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
Portadown Railway Station serves Portadown in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
The President of Ireland (Uachtarán na hÉireann) is the head of state of the Republic of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.
The PRO14 (known as the Guinness PRO14 for sponsorship reasons) is an annual rugby union competition involving professional sides from Ireland, Italy, Scotland, South Africa and Wales.
The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) is a small unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Protestant Ascendancy, known simply as the Ascendancy, was the political, economic and social domination of Ireland between the 17th century and the early 20th century by a minority of landowners, Protestant clergy and members of the professions, all members of the Church of Ireland or the Church of England.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Protestantism is a Christian minority on the island of Ireland.
Ireland can be said to have had a protohistorical period, when, in prehistory, the literate cultures of Greece and Rome began to take notice of it, and a further proto-literate period of ogham epigraphy, before the early historical period began in the 5th century.
Since the early 17th-century there have been four Provinces of Ireland: Connacht, Leinster, Munster and Ulster.
Rally is a form of motorsport that takes place on public or private roads with modified production or specially built road-legal cars.
The Red Hand of Ulster (Lámh Dhearg Uladh) is an Irish symbol used in heraldry to denote the Irish province of Ulster.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
In political science, a revolution (Latin: revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental and relatively sudden change in political power and political organization which occurs when the population revolt against the government, typically due to perceived oppression (political, social, economic).
The River Bann (an Bhanna, from ban-dea, meaning "goddess"; Ulster-Scots: Bann Wattèr) is the longest river in Northern Ireland, its length, Upper and Lower Bann combined, being 129 km (80 mi).
The River Shannon (Abha na Sionainne, an tSionainn, an tSionna) is the longest river in Ireland at.
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early hours of 15 April 1912, after colliding with an iceberg during its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.
Rory McIlroy, (born 4 May 1989) is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland who is a member of both the European and PGA Tours.
Rossnowlagh is a seaside village in south County Donegal, Ireland.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.
Seán Francis Lemass (born John Francis Lemass; 15 July 1899 – 11 May 1971) was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Taoiseach and Leader of Fianna Fáil from 1959 to 1966, Tánaiste from 1957 to 1959, 1951 to 1954 and 1945 to 1948, Minister for Industry and Commerce from 1957 to 1959, 1951 to 1954, 1945 to 1949 and 1932 to 1939 and Minister for Supplies from 1939 to 1945.
Sectarianism is a form of bigotry, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group.
The Setanta Sports Cup was a club football competition featuring teams from both football associations on the island of Ireland.
Shannon Pot or Legnashinna is a pool in the karst landscape near Cuilcagh Mountain in County Cavan, Ireland.
Shetland (Old Norse: Hjaltland), also called the Shetland Islands, is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies northeast of Great Britain.
Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.
A shipyard (also called a dockyard) is a place where ships are built and repaired.
The Siege of Derry, (Léigear Dhoire), was the first major event in the Williamite War in Ireland.
The Siege or Battle of Kinsale (Léigear/Cath Chionn tSáile) was the ultimate battle in England's conquest of Gaelic Ireland, commencing in October 1601, near the end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, and at the climax of the Nine Years War—a campaign by Hugh O'Neill, Hugh Roe O'Donnell and other Irish lords against English rule.
Sinn Féin (isbn) is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
The Sinn Féin Manifesto 1918 was that party's election manifesto for the 1918 general election.
Slieve Donard is the highest mountain in Northern Ireland and the wider province of Ulster, with a height of.
Sliabh Liag, sometimes Slieve League or Slieve Liag (Sliabh Liag), is a mountain on the Atlantic coast of County Donegal, Ireland.
Sligo (—) is a coastal seaport and the county town of County Sligo, Ireland, within the western province of Connacht.
The Society of United Irishmen was founded as a liberal political organisation in 18th-century Ireland that initially sought Parliamentary reform.
Southern Ireland (Deisceart Éireann) was the larger of the two parts of Ireland that were created when Ireland was partitioned under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
The Sperrins or Sperrin Mountains are a range of mountains in Northern Ireland and one of the largest upland areas in Ireland.
Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).
Sydenham railway station is located in the townland of Ballymisert in east Belfast, and is within walking distance of Belfast City Airport and Victoria Park.
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
A TD (plural TDanna in Irish or TDs in English; full Irish form Teachta Dála,, plural Teachtaí Dála) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (the Irish Parliament).
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The Rosses (officially known by its Irish language name, Na Rosa; in the genitive case Na Rosann) is a geographical and social region in the west of County Donegal, Ireland, with a population of over 7,000 centred on the town of Dungloe, which acts as the educational, shopping and civil centre for the area.
Ireland uses Irish Standard Time (IST, UTC+01:00; Am Caighdeánach Éireannach) in the summer months and Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0; Meán-Am Greenwich) in the winter period.
Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Tudor conquest (or reconquest) of Ireland took place under the Tudor dynasty, which held the Kingdom of England during the 16th century.
Tyrconnell, also spelled Tirconnell, was a kingdom of Gaelic Ireland, associated geographically with present-day County Donegal.
The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.
Ulaid (Old Irish) or Ulaidh (modern Irish)) was a Gaelic over-kingdom in north-eastern Ireland during the Middle Ages, made up of a confederation of dynastic groups. Alternative names include Ulidia, which is the Latin form of Ulaid, as well as in Chóicid, which in Irish means "the Fifth". The king of Ulaid was called the rí Ulad or rí in Chóicid. Ulaid also refers to a people of early Ireland, and it is from them that the province derives its name. Some of the dynasties within the over-kingdom claimed descent from the Ulaid, whilst others are cited as being of Cruithin descent. In historical documents, the term Ulaid was used to refer to the population-group, of which the Dál Fiatach was the ruling dynasty. As such the title Rí Ulad held two meanings: over-king of Ulaid; and king of the Ulaid, as in the Dál Fiatach. The Ulaid feature prominently in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology. According to legend, the ancient territory of Ulaid spanned the whole of the modern province of Ulster, excluding County Cavan, but including County Louth. Its southern border was said to stretch from the River Drowes in the west to the River Boyne in the east. At the onset of the historic period of Irish history in the 6th century, the territory of Ulaid was largely confined to east of the River Bann, as it is said to have lost land to the Airgíalla and the Northern Uí Néill. Ulaid ceased to exist after its conquest in the late 12th century by the Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy, and was replaced with the Earldom of Ulster. An individual from Ulaid was known in Irish as an Ultach, the nominative plural being Ultaigh. This name lives on in the surname McAnulty or McNulty, from Mac an Ultaigh ("son of the Ulsterman").
The Ulster Banner (Meirge Uladh) is a heraldic banner taken from the former coat of arms of Northern Ireland, consisting of a red cross on a white field, upon which is a crowned six-pointed star with a red hand in the centre.
Ulster's Solemn League and Covenant, commonly known as the Ulster Covenant, was signed by nearly 500,000 people on and before 28 September 1912, in protest against the Third Home Rule Bill introduced by the British Government in the same year.
The Ulster Cycle (an Rúraíocht), formerly known as the Red Branch Cycle, one of the four great cycles of Irish mythology, is a body of medieval Irish heroic legends and sagas of the traditional heroes of the Ulaid in what is now eastern Ulster and northern Leinster, particularly counties Armagh, Down and Louth, and taking place around or before the 1st century AD.
Ulster English (also called Northern Hiberno-English or Northern Irish English) is a major variety of Irish English spoken in most of the province of Ulster.
The Ulster Council (Comhairle Uladh) is a Provincial council of the Gaelic Athletic Association sports of hurling, Gaelic football, camogie, and handball in the province of Ulster.
Ulster Irish is the variety of Irish spoken in the province of Ulster.
Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found primarily among working class Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland, whose status as a part of the United Kingdom has remained controversial.
Ulster nationalism is a school of thought in Northern Ireland politics that seeks the independence of Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom without joining the Republic of Ireland, thereby becoming an independent sovereign state separate from both.
Ulster Protestants (Protastúnaigh Uladh) are an ethnoreligious group in the Irish province of Ulster, where they make up about 43% of the population.
Ulster Rugby (Rugbaí Uladh) is one of the four professional provincial rugby teams from the island of Ireland.
Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots (Ulstèr-Scotch), also known as Ullans, is the Scots language as spoken in parts of Ulster in Ireland.
The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots: Ulstèr-Scotch), also called Ulster-Scots people (Ulstèr-Scotch fowk) or, outside the British Isles, Scots-Irish (Scotch-Airisch), are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in the Ulster region and to a lesser extent in the rest of Ireland.
The Ulster Senior Football Championship is a GAA inter-county competition for gaelic football teams in the Irish province of Ulster.
The Ulster GAA Hurling Senior Championship, known simply as the Ulster Championship, is an annual inter-county hurling competition organised by the Ulster Council of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Volunteers was a unionist militia founded in 1912 to block domestic self-government (or Home Rule) for Ireland, which was then part of the United Kingdom.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
The Wars of the Three Kingdoms, sometimes known as the British Civil Wars, formed an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in the kingdoms of England, Ireland and Scotland between 1639 and 1651.
Western European Time (WET, UTC±00:00) is a time zone covering parts of western and northwestern Europe.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
A Williamite is a follower of King William III of England who deposed King James II in the Glorious Revolution.
The Williamite War in Ireland (1688–1691) (Cogadh an Dá Rí, meaning "war of the two kings"), was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of the Catholic King James II of England and Ireland, VII of Scotland) and Williamites (supporters of the Dutch Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be monarch of the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of Ireland.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The 1859 Ulster revival was a Christian revival in Ulster which spread to the rest of the United Kingdom.
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census.
Cúige Uladh, History of Ulster, Ireland Ulster, Northeastern Ireland, Province of Ulster, Ulster (Ireland), Ulster (Northern Ireland and Ireland), Ulster (province), Ulster Man, Ulster Woman, Ulstèr, Ultonian, Ultonians.