151 relations: Agent handling, Apprentice Boys of Derry, Assault rifle, Booby trap, Brian Nelson (Northern Irish loyalist), Britain First, British Army, British Movement, British nationalism, British People's Party (2005), Car bomb, Catholic emancipation, Ceasefire, Collective punishment, Collusion, Combat 18, Combined Loyalist Military Command, Conflict Archive on the Internet, Countries of the United Kingdom, Death of Robert Hamill, Democratic Unionist Party, Desmond Lorenz de Silva, Double agent, Down Orange Welfare, Dublin and Monaghan bombings, Ed Moloney, Eddie Fullerton, Edinburgh University Press, Eleventh Night, Ethnic cleansing, Ethnic nationalism, Far-right politics, Far-right politics in the United Kingdom, Force Research Unit, Fraternity, Garret FitzGerald, General officer commanding, Glenanne gang, Great Britain, Grenade, Harry Tuzo, Home Rule Crisis, Ian Paisley, Incendiary device, Informant, Ireland, Irish Catholics, Irish Free State, Irish Home Rule movement, Irish nationalism, ..., Irish Republican Army, Irish republicanism, Irish War of Independence, John Weir (loyalist), List of designated terrorist groups, Loughinisland massacre, Loyalist Association of Workers, Loyalist Volunteer Force, Marching band, McGurk's Bar bombing, Miami Showband killings, Michael Carver, Milltown Cemetery attack, Modus operandi, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, National Front (UK), Neo-Nazism, Northern Ireland, Nuala O'Loan, Baroness O'Loan, Orange Order, Orange Volunteers, Orange Volunteers (1972), Parades in Northern Ireland, Paramilitary, Partition of Ireland, Pat Finucane, Pat Finucane Centre, Pen and Sword Books, Pistol, Plantations of Ireland, Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland, Police Service of Northern Ireland, Progressive Unionist Party, Protestant Action Force, Protestant Coalition, Protestantism, Provinces of Ireland, Real Ulster Freedom Fighters, Reavey and O'Dowd killings, Red Hand Commando, Red Hand Defenders, Repartition of Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Robin Jackson, Rosemary Nelson, Royal Ulster Constabulary, Sean Graham bookmakers' shooting, Sectarianism, Self-determination, Shankill Butchers, State (polity), Stevens Inquiries, Submachine gun, Tara (Northern Ireland), The Guardian, The Independent, The Irish News, The Irish Times, The Troubles, The Twelfth, Third Force (Northern Ireland), Timeline of Ulster Defence Association actions, Timeline of Ulster Volunteer Force actions, Traditional Unionist Voice, Ulster, Ulster Army Council, Ulster Constitution Defence Committee, Ulster Defence Association, Ulster Defence Regiment, Ulster Democratic Party, Ulster Imperial Guards, Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee, Ulster nationalism, Ulster Political Research Group, Ulster Protestant Action, Ulster Protestant League (1931), Ulster Protestant Volunteers, Ulster Protestants, Ulster Resistance, Ulster Service Corps, Ulster Special Constabulary Association, Ulster Unionist Party, Ulster Volunteer Force, Ulster Volunteer Service Corps, Ulster Volunteers, Ulster Workers' Council, Ulster Workers' Council strike, Ulster Young Militants, Unionism in Ireland, United Ireland, United Kingdom, United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs, United States House of Representatives, Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party, Volunteer Political Party, World War I, Young Citizen Volunteers (1912), Young Citizen Volunteers (1972), 10th Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment, 1972 and 1973 Dublin bombings, 1991 Cappagh killings. Expand index (101 more) » « Shrink index
In intelligence organizations, agent handling is the management of so-called agents (called secret agents or spies in common parlance), principal agents, and agent networks (called "assets") by intelligence officers typically known as case officers.
The Apprentice Boys of Derry is a Protestant fraternal society with a worldwide membership of over 10,000, founded in 1814 and based in the city of Derry, Northern Ireland.
An assault rifle is a selective-fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.
A booby trap is a device or setup that is intended to kill, harm, or surprise a person or animal, unknowingly triggered by the presence or actions of the victim.
Brian Nelson (30 September 1947 – 11 April 2003) was an Ulster loyalist paramilitary during The Troubles in Northern Ireland.
Britain First is a British fascist political organisation formed in 2011 by former members of the British National Party (BNP).
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Movement (BM), later called the British National Socialist Movement (BNSM), is a British Neo-Nazi organisation founded by Colin Jordan in 1968.
British nationalism asserts that the British are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of the British,Guntram H. Herb, David H. Kaplan.
The British People's Party was a neo-Nazi political party in the United Kingdom, launched in 2005 by Kevin Watmough, Eddy Morrison, John G. Wood and Sid Williamson, former members of Combat 18, British National Party (BNP), National Front (NF) and the White Nationalist Party, as a splinter group from the Nationalist Alliance.
A car bomb, lorry bomb, or truck bomb, also known as a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), is an improvised explosive device placed inside a car or other vehicle and detonated.
Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.
A ceasefire (or truce), also called cease fire, is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions.
Collective punishment is a form of retaliation whereby a suspected perpetrator's family members, friends, acquaintances, sect, neighbors or entire ethnic group is targeted.
Collusion is an agreement between two or more parties, sometimes illegal–but always secretive–to limit open competition by deceiving, misleading, or defrauding others of their legal rights, or to obtain an objective forbidden by law typically by defrauding or gaining an unfair market advantage.
Combat 18 (C18) is a neo-Nazi organisation.
The Combined Loyalist Military Command was an umbrella body for loyalist paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland set up in the early 1990s, recalling the earlier Ulster Army Council and Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee.
CAIN (Conflict Archive on the Internet) is a database containing information about Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland from 1968 to the present.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
Robert Hamill was an Irish Catholic civilian who was beaten to death by a loyalist mob in Portadown, County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
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In the field of counterintelligence, a double agent (also double secret agent) is an employee of a secret intelligence service for one country, whose primary purpose is to spy on a target organization of another country, but who, in fact, has been discovered by the target organization and is now spying on their own country's organization for the target organization.
Down Orange Welfare was an Ulster loyalist paramilitary vigilante group active in Northern Ireland during the 1970s.
The Dublin and Monaghan bombings of 17 May 1974 were a series of co-ordinated bombings in Dublin and Monaghan, Ireland.
Edmund "Ed" Moloney (born 1948–9) is an Irish journalist and author best known for his coverage of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, and the activities of the Provisional IRA, in particular.
Edward "Eddie" Fullerton (1935 – 25 May 1991) was a Sinn Féin councillor from County Donegal, Ireland.
Edinburgh University Press is a scholarly publisher of academic books and journals, based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
In Northern Ireland, the Eleventh Night or 11th Night refers to the night before the Twelfth of July, a yearly Ulster Protestant celebration.
Ethnic cleansing is the systematic forced removal of ethnic or racial groups from a given territory by a more powerful ethnic group, often with the intent of making it ethnically homogeneous.
Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethno-nationalism, is a form of nationalism wherein the nation is defined in terms of ethnicity.
Far-right politics are politics further on the right of the left-right spectrum than the standard political right, particularly in terms of more extreme nationalist, and nativist ideologies, as well as authoritarian tendencies.
Far right politics in the United Kingdom have existed since at least the 1930s, with the formation of Nazi, fascist and anti-semitic movements.
The Force Research Unit (FRU) is a covert military intelligence unit of the British Army part of the Intelligence Corps.
A fraternity (from Latin frater: "brother"; "brotherhood"), fraternal order or fraternal organization is an organization, a society or a club of men associated together for various religious or secular aims.
Garret Desmond FitzGerald (9 February 192619 May 2011) was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1981 to 1982 and 1982 to 1987, Leader of Fine Gael from 1977 to 1987, Leader of the Opposition from 1977 to 1981 and March 1982 to December 1982 and Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1977.
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
The Glenanne gang or Glenanne group was a secret informal alliance of Ulster loyalists who carried out shooting and bombing attacks against Catholics and Irish nationalists in the 1970s, during the Troubles.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
General Sir Harry Crawford Tuzo, (26 August 1917 – 7 August 1998) was a British Army officer who was Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe and General Officer Commanding of the British Army in Northern Ireland during the early period of the Troubles.
The Home Rule Crisis was a political and military crisis in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland that followed the introduction of the Third Home Rule Bill in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in 1912.
Ian Richard Kyle Paisley, Baron Bannside, (6 April 1926 – 12 September 2014), was a loyalist politician and Protestant religious leader from Northern Ireland.
Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus.
An informant (also called an informer) is a person who provides privileged information about a person or organization to an agency.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Irish Catholics are an ethnoreligious group native to Ireland that are both Catholic and Irish.
The Irish Free State (Saorstát Éireann; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921.
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Irish nationalism is an ideology which asserts that the Irish people are a nation.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is any of several paramilitary movements in Ireland in the 20th and 21st centuries dedicated to Irish republicanism, the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
Irish republicanism (poblachtánachas Éireannach) is an ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
The Irish War of Independence (Cogadh na Saoirse) or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army (IRA, the army of the Irish Republic) and the British security forces in Ireland.
John Oliver Weir (born 1950) is an Ulster loyalist born in the Republic of Ireland.
This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities.
The Loughinisland massacreO'Brien, Brendan.
The Loyalist Association of Workers (LAW) was a militant unionist organisation in Northern Ireland that sought to mobilise trade union members in support of the loyalist cause.
The Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) is a small Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
A marching band is a group in which instrumental musicians perform while marching, often for entertainment or competition.
On 4 December 1971, the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group, detonated a bomb at McGurk's Bar in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
The Miami Showband killings (also called the Miami Showband Massacre) was an attack by the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a loyalist paramilitary group, on 31 July 1975.
Field Marshal Richard Michael Power Carver, Baron Carver, (24 April 1915 – 9 December 2001) was a senior British Army officer.
The Milltown Cemetery attack (also known as the Milltown Cemetery killings or Milltown Massacre) took place on 16 March 1988 at Milltown Cemetery in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
A modus operandi (often shortened to M.O.) is someone's habits of working, particularly in the context of business or criminal investigations, but also more generally.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
The National Front (NF) is a racist far-right and fascist political party in the United Kingdom.
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II militant social or political movements seeking to revive and implement the ideology of Nazism.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Nuala Patricia O'Loan, Baroness O'Loan, DBE (born 20 December 1951), known between 2007 and 2009 as Dame Nuala O'Loan, is a noted public figure in Northern Ireland.
The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.
The Orange Volunteers (OV) or Orange Volunteer Force (OVF) is a small Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The Orange Volunteers (OV) was a loyalist vigilante group with a paramilitary structure active in Northern Ireland during the early 1970s.
Parades are an important part of the culture of Northern Ireland.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
The partition of Ireland (críochdheighilt na hÉireann) was the division of the island of Ireland into two distinct jurisdictions, Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland.
Patrick Finucane (21 March 1949 – 12 February 1989), commonly known as Pat Finucane, was an Irish human rights lawyer killed by loyalist paramilitaries acting in collusion with the British government intelligence service MI5.
The Pat Finucane Centre (PFC) is a human rights advocacy and lobbying entity in Northern Ireland.
Pen and Sword Books is a British publisher which specializes in printing and distributing books on military history, militaria and other niche subjects.
A pistol is a type of handgun.
Plantations in 16th- and 17th-century Ireland involved the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from the island of Great Britain.
The Office of the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland (OPONI; Ombudsman Póilíní do Thuaisceart Éireann, Ulster-Scots: Owersman fur tha Polis o Norlin Airlann) is a non-departmental public body intended to provide an independent, impartial police complaints system for the people and police under the Police (Northern Ireland) Acts of 1998 and 2000.
The Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI; Seirbhís Póilíneachta Thuaisceart Éireann; Ulster Scots: Polis Servis o Norlin Airlan) is the police force that serves Northern Ireland.
The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) is a small unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The name Protestant Action Force (PAF) was used by loyalists, especially members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), to claim responsibility for a number of paramilitary attacks during the Troubles.
The Protestant Coalition was an Ulster loyalist political party in Northern Ireland.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Since the early 17th-century there have been four Provinces of Ireland: Connacht, Leinster, Munster and Ulster.
The Real Ulster Freedom Fighters, otherwise known as the Real UFF, was a dissident loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The Reavey and O'Dowd killings were two co-ordinated gun attacks on 4 January 1976 in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.
The Red Hand Commando (RHC) is a small secretive Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland, which is closely linked to the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).
The Red Hand Defenders (RHD) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The repartition of Ireland has been suggested as a possible solution to the continuing political disagreement in Northern Ireland.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
Robert John "Robin" Jackson (27 September 1948 – 30 May 1998), also known as The Jackal, was a Northern Irish loyalist paramilitary who held the rank of brigadier in the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) during the period of violent ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland known as the Troubles.
Rosemary Nelson (née Magee; 4 September 1958 – 15 March 1999) was a prominent Irish human rights solicitor who was assassinated by an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in 1999.
The Royal Ulster Constabulary was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001.
On 5 February 1992, a mass shooting took place at the Sean Graham bookmaker's shop on the Lower Ormeau Road in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Sectarianism is a form of bigotry, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group.
The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.
The Shankill Butchers was an Ulster loyalist gang—many of whom were members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)—that was active between 1975 and 1982 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
The Stevens Inquiries were three official British government inquiries led by Sir John Stevens concerning collusion in Northern Ireland between loyalist paramilitaries and the state security forces.
A submachine gun (SMG) is a magazine-fed, automatic carbine designed to fire pistol cartridges.
Tara was an Ulster loyalist movement in Northern Ireland that espoused a brand of evangelical Protestantism.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Irish News is a compact daily newspaper based in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
The Twelfth (also called the Glorious Twelfth or Orangemen's Day) is a Protestant celebration held on 12 July.
The Third Force was the name given to a number of attempts by Northern Irish politician Ian Paisley, then leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), to create an Ulster loyalist 'defensive militia'.
This is a timeline of actions by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), a loyalist paramilitary group formed in 1971.
This is a timeline of actions by the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group since 1966.
Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
The Ulster Army Council (or UAC) was set up in 1973 as an umbrella group by the Ulster Defence Association and the Ulster Volunteer Force to co-ordinate joint paramilitary operations during the Ulster Workers' Council Strike.
The Ulster Constitution Defence Committee (UCDC) was established in Northern Ireland in April 1966.
The Ulster Defence Association (abbreviated UDA) is the largest Ulster loyalist paramilitary and vigilante group in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) was an infantry regiment of the British Army established in 1970, with a comparatively short existence ending in 1992.
The Ulster Democratic Party (UDP) was a small loyalist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Imperial Guards were a short-lived loyalist paramilitary group organised in Belfast in November 1921 to prevent Northern Ireland being included in an independent Irish Free State.
The Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee (ULCCC) was set up in 1974 in Belfast, Northern Ireland in the aftermath of the Ulster Workers Council Strike, to facilitate meetings and policy co-ordination between the Ulster Workers Council, loyalist paramilitary groups, and the political representatives of Ulster loyalism.
Ulster nationalism is a school of thought in Northern Ireland politics that seeks the independence of Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom without joining the Republic of Ireland, thereby becoming an independent sovereign state separate from both.
The Ulster Political Research Group is an advisory body connected to the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), providing advice to them on political matters.
Ulster Protestant Action (UPA) was an Ulster loyalist and Protestant fundamentalist vigilante group in Northern Ireland that was founded in 1956 and reformed as the Protestant Unionist Party in 1966.
The Ulster Protestant League (UPL) was an anti-Catholic supremacist loyalist organisation in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Protestant Volunteers was a loyalist and fundamentalist Christian paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
Ulster Protestants (Protastúnaigh Uladh) are an ethnoreligious group in the Irish province of Ulster, where they make up about 43% of the population.
Ulster Resistance (UR), or the Ulster Resistance Movement (URM), was an Ulster loyalist paramilitary movement established by Ulster loyalists in Northern Ireland on 10 November 1986 in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Agreement.
The Ulster Service Corps (USC) was a loyalist vigilante group with a paramilitary structure active in Northern Ireland in the late 1970s.
The Ulster Special Constabulary Association (USCA) was a loyalist group active in Northern Ireland during the early 1970s.
The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
The Ulster Volunteer Service Corps (UVSC) was an Ulster loyalist vigilante and paramilitary movement active in Northern Ireland during the early 1970s.
The Ulster Volunteers was a unionist militia founded in 1912 to block domestic self-government (or Home Rule) for Ireland, which was then part of the United Kingdom.
The Ulster Workers Council was a loyalist workers' organisation set up in Northern Ireland in 1974 as a more formalised successor to the Loyalist Association of Workers (LAW).
The Ulster Workers' Council (UWC) strike was a general strike that took place in Northern Ireland between 15 May and 28 May 1974, during "the Troubles".
The Ulster Young Militants are considered to be the youth wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland.
Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.
United Ireland (also referred to as Irish reunification) is the proposition that the whole of Ireland should be a single sovereign state.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs of the United States House of Representatives, also known as the House Foreign Affairs Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives, which has jurisdiction over bills and investigations related to the foreign affairs of the United States.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party (VUPP), informally known as Ulster Vanguard, was a unionist political party which existed in Northern Ireland between 1972 and 1978.
The Volunteer Political Party (VPP) was a loyalist political party launched in Northern Ireland on 22 June 1974 by members of the then recently legalised Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The Young Citizen Volunteers of Ireland, or Young Citizen Volunteers (YCV) for short, was an Irish civic organisation founded in Belfast in 1912.
The Young Citizen Volunteers (YCV) is a Northern Irish loyalist group which is the youth movement attached to the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).
The 10th (City of Belfast) Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment was formed in 1972 from elements of the 7th Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment creating a second battalion in Belfast.
Between 26 November 1972 and 20 January 1973, there were four paramilitary bombings in the centre of Dublin, Ireland.
The 1991 Cappagh killings was a gun attack by the loyalist Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) on 3 March 1991 in the village of Cappagh, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland.
Irish loyalism, Larlist, Loyalism (Ireland), Loyalist (Ireland), Loyalist (Northern Ireland), Loyalist paramilitaries, Loyalist terrorism, Protestant paramiliaries, Ulster Loyalism, Ulster Loyalist, Ulster loyalist.