88 relations: A36 steel, A514 steel, Aermet, Alloy, Aluminium alloy, Annealing (metallurgy), Aramid, Bamboo, Basalt fiber, Beryllium, Bombyx mori, Bone, Boron, Brass, Carbon fibers, Carbon nanotube, Cast iron, Ceramic, Chromium-vanadium steel, Colossal carbon tube, Composite material, Compression (physics), Compressive strength, Cupronickel, Darwin's bark spider, Deformation (engineering), Ductility, Epoxy, Failure, Flexural strength, Force, Fracture, Glass fiber, Graphene, Hair, High-density polyethylene, Human skin, Indentation hardness, Intensive and extensive properties, International Association of Plastics Distributors, International System of Units, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, Kevlar, Liquidmetal, Maraging steel, Marble, Metric prefix, Necking (engineering), Newton (unit), ..., Nickel, Pascal (unit), Patella vulgata, Pine, Poly(methyl methacrylate), Polypropylene, Pounds per square inch, Quality assurance, Rockwell scale, Sapphire, Shear strength, Silicon, Silicon dioxide, Spider silk, Statics, Strength of materials, Stress (mechanics), Stress–strain curve, Structural steel, Tantalum, Tensile structure, Tensile testing, Tension (physics), Tin, Titanium, Toughness, Transpiration, Tungsten, Twaron, Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene, United States customary units, Universal testing machine, Vectran, Yield (engineering), Young's modulus, Zinc, Zylon, 6061 aluminium alloy. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
A36 steel is a common structural steel in the United States.
A514 is a particular type of high strength steel, which is quenched and tempered alloy steel, with a yield strength of 100,000 psi (100 ksi or approximately 700 MPa).
AerMet alloy is an ultra-high strength type of martensitic alloy steel.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Aluminium alloys (or aluminum alloys; see spelling differences) are alloys in which aluminium (Al) is the predominant metal.
Annealing, in metallurgy and materials science, is a heat treatment that alters the physical and sometimes chemical properties of a material to increase its ductility and reduce its hardness, making it more workable.
Aramid fibers are a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
Basalt fiber is a material made from extremely fine fibers of basalt, which is composed of the minerals plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine.
Beryllium is a chemical element with symbol Be and atomic number 4.
The silkworm is the larva or caterpillar or imago of the domestic silkmoth, Bombyx mori (Latin: "silkworm of the mulberry tree").
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.
Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.
Brass is a metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc.
Carbon fibers or carbon fibres (alternatively CF, graphite fiber or graphite fibre) are fibers about 5–10 micrometers in diameter and composed mostly of carbon atoms.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
Chromium-vanadium steel (symbol Cr-V or CrV; 6000-series SAE steel grades) is a group of steel alloys incorporating carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, chromium, and vanadium.
Colossal carbon tubes (CCTs) are a tubular form of carbon.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
In mechanics, compression is the application of balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material or structure, that is, forces with no net sum or torque directed so as to reduce its size in one or more directions.
Compressive strength or compression strength is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to reduce size, as opposed to tensile strength, which withstands loads tending to elongate.
Cupronickel (also known as copper-nickel) is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.
Darwin's bark spider (scientific name Caerostris darwini) is an orb-weaver spider that produces one of the largest known orb webs, ranging from, with bridge lines spanning up to.
In materials science, deformation refers to any changes in the shape or size of an object due to-.
Ductility is a measure of a material's ability to undergo significant plastic deformation before rupture, which may be expressed as percent elongation or percent area reduction from a tensile test.
Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.
Failure is the state or condition of not meeting a desirable or intended objective, and may be viewed as the opposite of success.
Flexural strength, also known as modulus of rupture, or bend strength, or transverse rupture strength is a material property, defined as the stress in a material just before it yields in a flexure test.
In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.
A fracture is the separation of an object or material into two or more pieces under the action of stress.
Glass fiber (or glass fibre) is a material consisting of numerous extremely fine fibers of glass.
Graphene is a semi-metal with a small overlap between the valence and the conduction bands (zero bandgap material).
Hair is a protein filament that grows from follicles found in the dermis.
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high-density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum.
The human skin is the outer covering of the body.
Indentation hardness tests are used in mechanical engineering to determine the hardness of a material to deformation.
Physical properties of materials and systems can often be categorized as being either intensive or extensive quantities, according to how the property changes when the size (or extent) of the system changes.
The International Association of Plastics Distributors (or IAPD), founded in 1956, is a trade association representing plastics distributors and manufacturers of engineering materials and semi-finished stock shapes, such as sheet, rod, tube, film, resin, pipe, valves and fittings.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
The Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Springer Science+Business Media on behalf of ASM International.
The Journal of the Royal Society Interface is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the interface between the life sciences and the physical sciences, including chemistry, engineering, materials science, mathematics, and physics.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
Liquidmetal and Vitreloy are commercial names of a series of amorphous metal alloys developed by a California Institute of Technology (Caltech) research team and marketed by Liquidmetal Technologies.
Maraging steels (a portmanteau of "martensitic" and "aging") are steels (iron alloys) that are known for possessing superior strength and toughness without losing malleability, although they cannot hold a good cutting edge.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
A metric prefix is a unit prefix that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a multiple or fraction of the unit.
Necking, in engineering or materials science, is a mode of tensile deformation where relatively large amounts of strain localize disproportionately in a small region of the material.
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength.
Patella vulgata, common name the common limpet or common European limpet is an edible species of sea snail with gills, a typical true limpet, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Patellidae.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), also known as acrylic or acrylic glass as well as by the trade names Crylux, Plexiglas, Acrylite, Lucite, and Perspex among several others (see below), is a transparent thermoplastic often used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units.
Quality assurance (QA) is a way of preventing mistakes and defects in manufactured products and avoiding problems when delivering solutions or services to customers; which ISO 9000 defines as "part of quality management focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled".
The Rockwell scale is a hardness scale based on indentation hardness of a material.
Sapphire is a precious gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide.
In engineering, shear strength is the strength of a material or component against the type of yield or structural failure where the material or component fails in shear.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Spider silk is a protein fibre spun by spiders.
Statics is the branch of mechanics that is concerned with the analysis of loads (force and torque, or "moment") acting on physical systems that do not experience an acceleration (a.
Strength of materials, also called mechanics of materials, is a subject which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
The relationship between the stress and strain that a particular material displays is known as that particular material's stress–strain curve.
Structural steel is a category of steel used for making construction materials in a variety of shapes.
Tantalum is a chemical element with symbol Ta and atomic number 73.
A tensile structure is a construction of elements carrying only tension and no compression or bending.
Tensile testing, also known as tension testing, is a fundamental materials science and engineering test in which a sample is subjected to a controlled tension until failure.
In physics, tension may be described as the pulling force transmitted axially by the means of a string, cable, chain, or similar one-dimensional continuous object, or by each end of a rod, truss member, or similar three-dimensional object; tension might also be described as the action-reaction pair of forces acting at each end of said elements.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
In materials science and metallurgy, toughness is the ability of a material to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing.
Transpiration is the process of water movement through a plant and its evaporation from aerial parts, such as leaves, stems and flowers.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
Twaron (a brand name of Teijin Aramid) is a para-aramid.
Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE, UHMW) is a subset of the thermoplastic polyethylene.
United States customary units are a system of measurements commonly used in the United States.
A universal testing machine (UTM), also known as a universal tester, materials testing machine or materials test frame, is used to test the tensile strength and compressive strength of materials.
Vectran is a manufactured fiber, spun from a liquid-crystal polymer (LCP) created by Celanese Corporation and now manufactured by Kuraray.
The yield point is the point on a stress–strain curve that indicates the limit of elastic behavior and the beginning of plastic behavior.
Young's modulus, also known as the elastic modulus, is a measure of the stiffness of a solid material.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
Zylon (IUPAC name: poly(p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole)) is a trademarked name for a range of thermoset liquid-crystalline polyoxazole.
6061 is a precipitation-hardened aluminum alloy, containing magnesium and silicon as its major alloying elements.