127 relations: Abstract polytope, Alternation (geometry), Antiprism, Archimedean solid, Archimedes, Arthur Cayley, Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Bipyramid, Cantellation (geometry), Catalan solid, Christopher Longuet-Higgins, Congruence (geometry), Convex polytope, Coxeter group, Coxeter–Dynkin diagram, Cube, Cuboctahedron, Decagon, Decagonal bipyramid, Decagonal prism, Digon, Dihedral group, Dihedron, Disdyakis dodecahedron, Disdyakis triacontahedron, Disphenoid, Dodecagon, Dodecagonal prism, Dodecahedron, Dual polyhedron, Edmond Bonan, Edmund Hess, Etruscan civilization, Euclid, Expansion (geometry), Face (geometry), Great disnub dirhombidodecahedron, Group action, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, Hexagon, Hexagonal antiprism, Hexagonal bipyramid, Hexagonal prism, Hosohedron, Icosahedral symmetry, Icosahedron, Icosidodecahedron, Isogonal figure, Isohedral figure, Isometry, ..., J. C. P. Miller, Johannes Kepler, Kepler–Poinsot polyhedron, Leonardo da Vinci, List of Johnson solids, List of uniform polyhedra, List of uniform polyhedra by Schwarz triangle, List of uniform polyhedra by vertex figure, List of uniform polyhedra by Wythoff symbol, List of Wenninger polyhedron models, Louis Poinsot, Luca Pacioli, Magnus Wenninger, Max Brückner, Michael S. Longuet-Higgins, Norman Johnson (mathematician), Octagon, Octagonal bipyramid, Octagonal prism, Octahedral symmetry, Octahedron, Omnitruncated polyhedron, Pappus of Alexandria, Pentagon, Pentagonal antiprism, Pentagonal prism, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Piero della Francesca, Plato, Platonic solid, Point groups in three dimensions, Polyhedron, Polyhedron model, Prism (geometry), Prismatic uniform polyhedron, Pythagoreanism, Quasiregular polyhedron, Rectification (geometry), Regular polygon, Regular polyhedron, Rhombicosidodecahedron, Rhombicuboctahedron, Royal Society, Schläfli symbol, Schwarz triangle, Semiregular polyhedron, Snub cube, Snub dodecahedron, Spherical polyhedron, Square, Square antiprism, Star polyhedron, Tetrahedral symmetry, Tetrahedron, Tetrakis hexahedron, Theaetetus (mathematician), Timaeus of Locri, Triangle, Triangular prism, Truncated cube, Truncated cuboctahedron, Truncated dodecahedron, Truncated icosahedron, Truncated icosidodecahedron, Truncated octahedron, Truncated tetrahedron, Truncation (geometry), Uniform polytope, Uniform star polyhedron, Uniform tiling, Uniform tilings in hyperbolic plane, Vertex (geometry), Vertex configuration, Vertex figure, Wolfram Mathematica, Wythoff construction, Wythoff symbol. Expand index (77 more) » « Shrink index
In mathematics, an abstract polytope is an algebraic partially ordered set or poset which captures the combinatorial properties of a traditional polytope, but not any purely geometric properties such as angles, edge lengths, etc.
In geometry, an alternation or partial truncation, is an operation on a polygon, polyhedron, tiling, or higher dimensional polytope that removes alternate vertices.
In geometry, an n-sided antiprism is a polyhedron composed of two parallel copies of some particular n-sided polygon, connected by an alternating band of triangles.
In geometry, an Archimedean solid is one of the 13 solids first enumerated by Archimedes.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Arthur Cayley F.R.S. (16 August 1821 – 26 January 1895) was a British mathematician.
Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy FRS FRSE (21 August 178923 May 1857) was a French mathematician, engineer and physicist who made pioneering contributions to several branches of mathematics, including: mathematical analysis and continuum mechanics.
An n-gonal bipyramid or dipyramid is a polyhedron formed by joining an n-gonal pyramid and its mirror image base-to-base.
In geometry, a cantellation is an operation in any dimension that bevels a regular polytope at its edges and vertices, creating a new facet in place of each edge and vertex.
In mathematics, a Catalan solid, or Archimedean dual, is a dual polyhedron to an Archimedean solid.
Hugh Christopher Longuet-Higgins (April 11, 1923 – March 27, 2004) was both a theoretical chemist and a cognitive scientist.
In geometry, two figures or objects are congruent if they have the same shape and size, or if one has the same shape and size as the mirror image of the other.
A convex polytope is a special case of a polytope, having the additional property that it is also a convex set of points in the n-dimensional space Rn.
In mathematics, a Coxeter group, named after H. S. M. Coxeter, is an abstract group that admits a formal description in terms of reflections (or kaleidoscopic mirrors).
In geometry, a Coxeter–Dynkin diagram (or Coxeter diagram, Coxeter graph) is a graph with numerically labeled edges (called branches) representing the spatial relations between a collection of mirrors (or reflecting hyperplanes).
In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex.
In geometry, a cuboctahedron is a polyhedron with 8 triangular faces and 6 square faces.
In geometry, a decagon is a ten-sided polygon or 10-gon.
In geometry, a decagonal bipyramid is one of the infinite set of bipyramids, dual to the infinite prisms.
In geometry, the decagonal prism is the eighth in the infinite set of prisms, formed by ten square side faces and two regular decagon caps.
In geometry, a digon is a polygon with two sides (edges) and two vertices.
In mathematics, a dihedral group is the group of symmetries of a regular polygon, which includes rotations and reflections.
A dihedron is a type of polyhedron, made of two polygon faces which share the same set of edges.
In geometry, a disdyakis dodecahedron, (also hexoctahedron, hexakis octahedron, octakis cube, octakis hexahedron, kisrhombic dodecahedron), is a Catalan solid with 48 faces and the dual to the Archimedean truncated cuboctahedron.
In geometry, a disdyakis triacontahedron, hexakis icosahedron, decakis dodecahedron or kisrhombic triacontahedron is a Catalan solid with 120 faces and the dual to the Archimedean truncated icosidodecahedron.
In geometry, a disphenoid (from Greek sphenoeides, "wedgelike") is a tetrahedron whose four faces are congruent acute-angled triangles.
In geometry, a dodecagon or 12-gon is any twelve-sided polygon.
In geometry, the dodecagonal prism is the tenth in an infinite set of prisms, formed by square sides and two regular dodecagon caps.
In geometry, a dodecahedron (Greek δωδεκάεδρον, from δώδεκα dōdeka "twelve" + ἕδρα hédra "base", "seat" or "face") is any polyhedron with twelve flat faces.
In geometry, any polyhedron is associated with a second dual figure, where the vertices of one correspond to the faces of the other and the edges between pairs of vertices of one correspond to the edges between pairs of faces of the other.
Edmond Bonan (born 27 January 1937 in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine) is a French mathematician, known particularly for his work on special holonomy.
Edmund Hess (17 February 1843 – 24 December 1903) was a German mathematician who discovered several regular polytopes.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
Euclid (Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs; fl. 300 BC), sometimes given the name Euclid of Alexandria to distinguish him from Euclides of Megara, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "founder of geometry" or the "father of geometry".
In geometry, expansion is a polytope operation where facets are separated and moved radially apart, and new facets are formed at separated elements (vertices, edges, etc.). Equivalently this operation can be imagined by keeping facets in the same position but reducing their size.
In solid geometry, a face is a flat (planar) surface that forms part of the boundary of a solid object; a three-dimensional solid bounded exclusively by flat faces is a polyhedron.
In geometry, the great disnub dirhombidodecahedron, also called Skilling's figure, is a degenerate uniform star polyhedron.
In mathematics, an action of a group is a formal way of interpreting the manner in which the elements of the group correspond to transformations of some space in a way that preserves the structure of that space.
Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 – March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.
In geometry, a hexagon (from Greek ἕξ hex, "six" and γωνία, gonía, "corner, angle") is a six-sided polygon or 6-gon.
In geometry, the hexagonal antiprism is the 4th in an infinite set of antiprisms formed by an even-numbered sequence of triangle sides closed by two polygon caps.
A hexagonal bipyramid is a polyhedron formed from two hexagonal pyramids joined at their bases.
In geometry, the hexagonal prism is a prism with hexagonal base.
In geometry, an ''n''-gonal hosohedron is a tessellation of lunes on a spherical surface, such that each lune shares the same two polar opposite vertices.
A regular icosahedron has 60 rotational (or orientation-preserving) symmetries, and a symmetry order of 120 including transformations that combine a reflection and a rotation.
In geometry, an icosahedron is a polyhedron with 20 faces.
In geometry, an icosidodecahedron is a polyhedron with twenty (icosi) triangular faces and twelve (dodeca) pentagonal faces.
In geometry, a polytope (a polygon, polyhedron or tiling, for example) is isogonal or vertex-transitive if all its vertices are equivalent under the symmetries of the figure.
In geometry, a polytope of dimension 3 (a polyhedron) or higher is isohedral or face-transitive when all its faces are the same.
In mathematics, an isometry (or congruence, or congruent transformation) is a distance-preserving transformation between metric spaces, usually assumed to be bijective.
Jeffrey Charles Percy Miller (31 August 1906 – 24 April 1981) was an English mathematician and computing pioneer.
Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
In geometry, a Kepler–Poinsot polyhedron is any of four regular star polyhedra.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
In geometry, a Johnson solid is a strictly convex polyhedron, each face of which is a regular polygon, but which is not uniform, i.e., not a Platonic solid, Archimedean solid, prism or antiprism.
In geometry, a uniform polyhedron is a polyhedron which has regular polygons as faces and is vertex-transitive (transitive on its vertices, isogonal, i.e. there is an isometry mapping any vertex onto any other).
There are many relationships among the uniform polyhedra.
There are many relations among the uniform polyhedra.
There are many relations among the uniform polyhedra.
This is an indexed list of the uniform and stellated polyhedra from the book Polyhedron Models, by Magnus Wenninger.
Louis Poinsot (3 January 1777 – 5 December 1859) was a French mathematician and physicist.
Fra Luca Bartolomeo de Pacioli (sometimes Paccioli or Paciolo; 1447–1517) was an Italian mathematician, Franciscan friar, collaborator with Leonardo da Vinci, and a seminal contributor to the field now known as accounting.
Father Magnus J. Wenninger OSB (October 31, 1919Banchoff (2002)– February 17, 2017) was an American mathematician who worked on constructing polyhedron models, and wrote the first book on their construction.
Johannes Max Brückner (5 August 1860 – 1 November 1934) was a German geometer, known for his collection of polyhedral models.
Michael Selwyn Longuet-Higgins FRS (December 8, 1925 – February 26, 2016) was a mathematician and oceanographer at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP), Cambridge University, England and Institute for Nonlinear Science, University of California, San Diego, USA.
Norman Woodason Johnson (November 12, 1930 – July 13, 2017) was a mathematician, previously at Wheaton College, Norton, Massachusetts.
In geometry, an octagon (from the Greek ὀκτάγωνον oktágōnon, "eight angles") is an eight-sided polygon or 8-gon.
The octagonal bipyramid is one of the infinite set of bipyramids, dual to the infinite prisms.
In geometry, the octagonal prism is the sixth in an infinite set of prisms, formed by square sides and two regular octagon caps.
A regular octahedron has 24 rotational (or orientation-preserving) symmetries, and a symmetry order of 48 including transformations that combine a reflection and a rotation.
In geometry, an octahedron (plural: octahedra) is a polyhedron with eight faces, twelve edges, and six vertices.
In geometry, an omnitruncated polyhedron is a truncated quasiregular polyhedron.
Pappus of Alexandria (Πάππος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς; c. 290 – c. 350 AD) was one of the last great Greek mathematicians of Antiquity, known for his Synagoge (Συναγωγή) or Collection (c. 340), and for Pappus's hexagon theorem in projective geometry.
In geometry, a pentagon (from the Greek πέντε pente and γωνία gonia, meaning five and angle) is any five-sided polygon or 5-gon.
In geometry, the pentagonal antiprism is the third in an infinite set of antiprisms formed by an even-numbered sequence of triangle sides closed by two polygon caps.
In geometry, the pentagonal prism is a prism with a pentagonal base.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences is a fortnightly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Royal Society.
Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 – 12 October 1492) was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
In three-dimensional space, a Platonic solid is a regular, convex polyhedron.
In geometry, a point group in three dimensions is an isometry group in three dimensions that leaves the origin fixed, or correspondingly, an isometry group of a sphere.
In geometry, a polyhedron (plural polyhedra or polyhedrons) is a solid in three dimensions with flat polygonal faces, straight edges and sharp corners or vertices.
A polyhedron model is a physical construction of a polyhedron, constructed from cardboard, plastic board, wood board or other panel material, or, less commonly, solid material.
In geometry, a prism is a polyhedron comprising an n-sided polygonal base, a second base which is a translated copy (rigidly moved without rotation) of the first, and n other faces (necessarily all parallelograms) joining corresponding sides of the two bases.
In geometry, a prismatic uniform polyhedron is a uniform polyhedron with dihedral symmetry.
Pythagoreanism originated in the 6th century BC, based on the teachings and beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were considerably influenced by mathematics and mysticism.
In geometry, a quasiregular polyhedron is a semiregular polyhedron that has exactly two kinds of regular faces, which alternate around each vertex.
In Euclidean geometry, rectification or complete-truncation is the process of truncating a polytope by marking the midpoints of all its edges, and cutting off its vertices at those points.
In Euclidean geometry, a regular polygon is a polygon that is equiangular (all angles are equal in measure) and equilateral (all sides have the same length).
A regular polyhedron is a polyhedron whose symmetry group acts transitively on its flags.
In geometry, the rhombicosidodecahedron, or small rhombicosidodecahedron, is an Archimedean solid, one of thirteen convex isogonal nonprismatic solids constructed of two or more types of regular polygon faces.
In geometry, the rhombicuboctahedron, or small rhombicuboctahedron, is an Archimedean solid with eight triangular and eighteen square faces.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
In geometry, the Schläfli symbol is a notation of the form that defines regular polytopes and tessellations.
In geometry, a Schwarz triangle, named after Hermann Schwarz, is a spherical triangle that can be used to tile a sphere, possibly overlapping, through reflections in its edges.
The term semiregular polyhedron (or semiregular polytope) is used variously by different authors.
In geometry, the snub cube, or snub cuboctahedron, is an Archimedean solid with 38 faces: 6 squares and 32 equilateral triangles.
In geometry, the snub dodecahedron, or snub icosidodecahedron, is an Archimedean solid, one of thirteen convex isogonal nonprismatic solids constructed by two or more types of regular polygon faces.
In mathematics, a spherical polyhedron or spherical tiling is a tiling of the sphere in which the surface is divided or partitioned by great arcs into bounded regions called spherical polygons.
In geometry, a square is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles, or (100-gradian angles or right angles). It can also be defined as a rectangle in which two adjacent sides have equal length. A square with vertices ABCD would be denoted.
In geometry, the square antiprism is the second in an infinite set of antiprisms formed by an even-numbered sequence of triangle sides closed by two polygon caps.
In geometry, a star polyhedron is a polyhedron which has some repetitive quality of nonconvexity giving it a star-like visual quality.
A regular tetrahedron, an example of a solid with full tetrahedral symmetry A regular tetrahedron has 12 rotational (or orientation-preserving) symmetries, and a symmetry order of 24 including transformations that combine a reflection and a rotation.
In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six straight edges, and four vertex corners.
In geometry, a tetrakis hexahedron (also known as a tetrahexahedron, hextetrahedron, tetrakis cube, and kiscube) is a Catalan solid.
Theaetetus of Athens (Θεαίτητος; c. 417 – 369 BC), possibly the son of Euphronius of the Athenian deme Sunium, was a Greek mathematician.
Timaeus of Locri (Tímaios ho Lokrós; Timaeus Locrus) is a character in two of Plato's dialogues, Timaeus and Critias.
A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices.
In geometry, a triangular prism is a three-sided prism; it is a polyhedron made of a triangular base, a translated copy, and 3 faces joining corresponding sides.
In geometry, the truncated cube, or truncated hexahedron, is an Archimedean solid.
In geometry, the truncated cuboctahedron is an Archimedean solid, named by Kepler as a truncation of a cuboctahedron.
In geometry, the truncated dodecahedron is an Archimedean solid.
In geometry, the truncated icosahedron is an Archimedean solid, one of 13 convex isogonal nonprismatic solids whose faces are two or more types of regular polygons.
In geometry, the truncated icosidodecahedron is an Archimedean solid, one of thirteen convex isogonal nonprismatic solids constructed by two or more types of regular polygon faces.
In geometry, the truncated octahedron is an Archimedean solid.
In geometry, the truncated tetrahedron is an Archimedean solid.
In geometry, a truncation is an operation in any dimension that cuts polytope vertices, creating a new facet in place of each vertex.
A uniform polytope of dimension three or higher is a vertex-transitive polytope bounded by uniform facets.
In geometry, a uniform star polyhedron is a self-intersecting uniform polyhedron.
In geometry, a uniform tiling is a tessellation of the plane by regular polygon faces with the restriction of being vertex-transitive.
In hyperbolic geometry, a uniform (regular, quasiregular or semiregular) hyperbolic tiling is an edge-to-edge filling of the hyperbolic plane which has regular polygons as faces and is vertex-transitive (transitive on its vertices, isogonal, i.e. there is an isometry mapping any vertex onto any other).
In geometry, a vertex (plural: vertices or vertexes) is a point where two or more curves, lines, or edges meet.
In geometry, a vertex configuration by Walter Steurer, Sofia Deloudi, (2009) pp.
In geometry, a vertex figure, broadly speaking, is the figure exposed when a corner of a polyhedron or polytope is sliced off.
Wolfram Mathematica (usually termed Mathematica) is a modern technical computing system spanning most areas of technical computing — including neural networks, machine learning, image processing, geometry, data science, visualizations, and others.
In geometry, a Wythoff construction, named after mathematician Willem Abraham Wythoff, is a method for constructing a uniform polyhedron or plane tiling.
In geometry, the Wythoff symbol represents a Wythoff construction of a uniform polyhedron or plane tiling, from a Schwarz triangle.