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Union Army

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During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states. [1]

259 relations: Abolitionism, Abolitionism in the United States, Abraham Lincoln, African Americans, Albert J. Myer, Allan Nevins, Ambrose Burnside, American Civil War, American Civil War Corps Badges, American Indian Wars, American Jews, American Revolution, Andrew Johnson, Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, Army, Army of Georgia, Army of Northern Virginia, Army of the Cumberland, Army of the Frontier, Army of the Gulf, Army of the James, Army of the Mississippi, Army of the Ohio, Army of the Potomac, Army of the Southwest, Army of the Tennessee, Army of Virginia, Artillery, Atlanta Campaign, Battalion, Battle Hymn of the Republic, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Appomattox Court House, Battle of Champion Hill, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Chickamauga, Battle of Cold Harbor, Battle of Corydon, Battle of Fort Donelson, Battle of Fort Henry, Battle of Fort Pillow, Battle of Fort Sumter, Battle of Franklin (1864), Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Harpers Ferry, Battle of Hartsville, Battle of Jonesborough, Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Battle of Munfordville, ..., Battle of Nashville, Battle of New Hope Church, Battle of Pickett's Mill, Battle of Plymouth (1864), Battle of Richmond, Battle of Shepherdstown, Battle of Shiloh, Battle of South Mills, Battle of South Mountain, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Battle of Stones River, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Wilson's Creek, Benjamin Butler, Braxton Bragg, Brigade, Brigadier general (United States), Canada–United States border, Captain (United States O-3), Carolinas Campaign, Cavalry, Cavalry Corps (Union Army), Cavalry in the American Civil War, Chattanooga Campaign, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Colonel (United States), Commander-in-chief, Commanding General of the United States Army, Commemoration of the American Civil War, Company (military unit), Confederate States Army, Confederate States of America, Conscription in the United States, David Hunter, David J. Eicher, Denmark, Department of New England, Department of the East, Department of the Pacific, Department of the West, Desertion, Don Carlos Buell, Dragoon, East Coast of the United States, Eastern Theater of the American Civil War, Edward Canby, Edward Ord, Edwin Stanton, Enrollment Act, Ethan A. Hitchcock (general), Field artillery in the American Civil War, Finnish Americans, First Battle of Bull Run, For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War, French Americans, French Canadians, George B. McClellan, George Henry Thomas, George Meade, Georgia (U.S. state), German Americans, German Americans in the American Civil War, Grand Army of the Republic, Gulf of Mexico, Henry Halleck, Henry Warner Slocum, Hessian (soldier), Hispanics in the American Civil War, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Horatio Wright, I Corps (Union Army), II Corps (Union Army), III Corps (Union Army), Infantry, Infantry in the American Civil War, Irish Americans, Irish Americans in the American Civil War, Irish Brigade (Union Army), Italian Americans, Italian Americans in the Civil War, IV Corps (Union Army), IX Corps (Union Army), Jackson's Valley Campaign, James B. McPherson, James M. McPherson, James Wolfe Ripley, John Alexander McClernand, John G. Foster, John Pope (military officer), John Schofield, Joseph E. Johnston, Joseph Gilbert Totten, Joseph Hooker, Joseph Pannell Taylor, Kentucky, Lieutenant colonel (United States), Lieutenant general (United States), Lorenzo Thomas, Major (United States), Major general (United States), Mexican Americans, Mexican–American War, Middle Department, Middle Military Division, Military Division of the Mississippi, Military history of African Americans, Mississippi River, Mississippi River campaigns, Montgomery C. Meigs, Mounted infantry, Muscogee, Nathaniel Lyon, Nathaniel P. Banks, Native Americans in the American Civil War, Native Americans in the United States, New York (state), New York City draft riots, New-York Tribune, Nordic countries, North Carolina, Northern Virginia Campaign, Norwegian Americans, Oliver Otis Howard, Overland Campaign, Peninsula Campaign, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania in the American Civil War, Petersburg, Virginia, Philip Sheridan, Polish Americans, President of the United States, Quebec, Raid on Chambersburg, Reconstruction era, Regular Army (United States), Richmond, Virginia, Robert E. Lee, Robert Smalls, Second Battle of Bull Run, Second Battle of Fort Wagner, Second Battle of Sabine Pass, Shenandoah Valley, Sherman's March to the Sea, Siege of Petersburg, Siege of Vicksburg, Signal Corps (United States Army), Southern United States, Swedish Americans, Telegraphy, Tennessee, The Carolinas, The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, Theater (warfare), Total war, Ulysses S. Grant, Uniform of the Union Army, Union (American Civil War), Union Army Divisions, Departments and Districts, Union Army of the Shenandoah, United States, United States Army, United States Colored Troops, United States Congress, United States Department of War, United States Military Academy, United States National Cemetery System, United States Secretary of War, United States Volunteers, V Corps (Union Army), VI Corps (Union Army), VII Corps (Union Army), VIII Corps (Union Army), Virginia in the American Civil War, Virginia Military Institute, Virginia Peninsula, War of 1812, War-weariness, Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski, Western Theater of the American Civil War, Western United States, William Rosecrans, William Tecumseh Sherman, Winfield Scott, X Corps (Union Army), XI Corps (Union Army), XII Corps (Union Army), XIII Corps (Union Army), XIV Corps (Union Army), XIX Corps (Union Army), XV Corps (Union Army), XVI Corps (Union Army), XVII Corps (Union Army), XVIII Corps (Union Army), XX Corps (Union Army), XXI Corps (Union Army), XXII Corps (Union Army), XXIII Corps (Union Army), XXIV Corps (Union Army), XXV Corps (Union Army), 1861, 1862, 1st South Carolina Volunteers, 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 58th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 69th Infantry Regiment (New York), 79th New York Volunteer Infantry. 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Abolitionism

Abolitionism is a general term which describes the movement to end slavery.

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Abolitionism in the United States

Abolitionism in the United States was the movement before and during the American Civil War to end slavery in the United States.

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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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Albert J. Myer

Albert James Myer (September 20, 1828 – August 24, 1880) was a surgeon and United States Army general.

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Allan Nevins

Joseph Allan Nevins (May 20, 1890 – March 5, 1971) was an American historian and journalist, known for his extensive work on the history of the Civil War and his biographies of such figures as Grover Cleveland, Hamilton Fish, Henry Ford, and John D. Rockefeller, as well as his public service.

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Ambrose Burnside

Ambrose Everett Burnside (May 23, 1824 – September 13, 1881) was an American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a United States Senator.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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American Civil War Corps Badges

Corps badges in the American Civil War were originally worn by soldiers of the Union Army on the top of their army forage cap (kepi), left side of the hat, or over their left breast.

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American Indian Wars

The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.

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American Jews

American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, whether by religion, ethnicity or nationality.

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American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.

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Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.

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Appomattox Court House National Historical Park

The Appomattox Court House National Historical Park is a National Historical Park of original and reconstructed 19th century buildings in Appomattox County, Virginia.

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Army

An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.

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Army of Georgia

The Army of Georgia was a Union army that constituted the Left Wing of Major General William T. Sherman's Army Group during the March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign.

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Army of Northern Virginia

The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

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Army of the Cumberland

The Army of the Cumberland was one of the principal Union armies in the Western Theater during the American Civil War.

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Army of the Frontier

The Army of the Frontier was a Union army that served in the Trans-Mississippi Theater during the Civil War.

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Army of the Gulf

The Army of the Gulf was a Union Army that served in the general area of the Gulf states controlled by Union forces.

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Army of the James

The Army of the James was a Union Army that was composed of units from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and served along the James River during the final operations of the American Civil War in Virginia.

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Army of the Mississippi

Army of the Mississippi was the name given to two Union armies that operated around the Mississippi River, both with short existences, during the American Civil War.

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Army of the Ohio

The Army of the Ohio was the name of two Union armies in the American Civil War.

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Army of the Potomac

The Army of the Potomac was the principal Union Army in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

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Army of the Southwest

The Army of the Southwest was a Union Army that served in the Trans-Mississippi Theater during the American Civil War.

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Army of the Tennessee

The Army of the Tennessee was a Union army in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, named for the Tennessee River.

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Army of Virginia

The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War.

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Artillery

Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.

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Atlanta Campaign

The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864.

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Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

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Battle Hymn of the Republic

The "Battle Hymn of the Republic," also known as "Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory," outside of the United States, is a lyric by the American writer Julia Ward Howe using the music from the song "John Brown's Body." Howe's more famous lyrics were written in November 1861, and first published in The Atlantic Monthly in February 1862.

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Battle of Antietam

The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the Southern United States, was a battle of the American Civil War, fought on September 17, 1862, between Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and Union General George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac, near Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam Creek.

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Battle of Appomattox Court House

The Battle of Appomattox Court House (Virginia, U.S.), fought on the morning of April 9, 1865, was one of the last battles of the American Civil War (1861–1865).

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Battle of Champion Hill

The Battle of Champion Hill, fought May 16, 1863, was the pivotal battle in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War (1861-1865).

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Battle of Chancellorsville

The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War (1861–1865), and the principal engagement of the Chancellorsville Campaign.

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Battle of Chickamauga

The Battle of Chickamauga, fought on September 18 – 20, 1863, between U.S. and Confederate forces in the American Civil War, marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia — the Chickamauga Campaign.

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Battle of Cold Harbor

The Battle of Cold Harbor was fought during the American Civil War near Mechanicsville, Virginia, from May 31 to June 12, 1864, with the most significant fighting occurring on June 3.

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Battle of Corydon

The Battle of Corydon was a minor engagement that took place July 9, 1863, just south of Corydon, which had been the original capital of Indiana until 1825, and was the county seat of Harrison County.

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Battle of Fort Donelson

The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought from February 12–16, 1862, in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Fort Henry

The Battle of Fort Henry was fought on February 6, 1862, in western Middle Tennessee, during the American Civil War.

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Battle of Fort Pillow

The Battle of Fort Pillow, which ended with the Fort Pillow massacre, was fought on April 12, 1864, at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee, during the American Civil War.

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Battle of Fort Sumter

The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–13, 1861) was the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate States Army, and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by the United States Army, that started the American Civil War.

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Battle of Franklin (1864)

The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864, in Franklin, Tennessee, as part of the Franklin–Nashville Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Fredericksburg

The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought December 11–15, 1862, in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia, between General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General Ambrose Burnside, as part of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.

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Battle of Harpers Ferry

The Battle of Harpers Ferry was fought September 12–15, 1862, as part of the Maryland Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Hartsville

The Battle of Hartsville was fought on December 7, 1862, in northern Tennessee at the opening of the Stones River Campaign the American Civil War.

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Battle of Jonesborough

The Battle of Jonesborough (modern name Jonesboro) was fought August 31–September 1, 1864, during the Atlanta Campaign in the American Civil War.

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Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was fought on June 27, 1864, during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Munfordville

The Battle of Munfordville (also known as the Battle of Green River) was an engagement in Kentucky during the American Civil War.

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Battle of Nashville

The Battle of Nashville was a two-day battle in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign that represented the end of large-scale fighting west of the coastal states in the American Civil War.

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Battle of New Hope Church

The Battle of New Hope Church was fought May 25–26, 1864, between the Union force of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and the Confederate Army of Tennessee under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Pickett's Mill

The Battle of Pickett's Mill was fought on May 27, 1864, in Paulding County, Georgia, during the American Civil War between Union and Confederate forces.

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Battle of Plymouth (1864)

The Battle of Plymouth was an engagement during the American Civil War that was fought from April 17 through April 20, 1864, in Washington County, North Carolina.

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Battle of Richmond

The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, fought August 29–30, 1862, was a stunning Confederate victory by Major General Edmund Kirby Smith against Union major general, William "Bull" Nelson's forces, defending the town.

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Battle of Shepherdstown

The Battle of Shepherdstown, also known as the Battle of Boteler's Ford, took place September 19–20, 1862, in Jefferson County, Virginia (now West Virginia), at the end of the Maryland Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Shiloh

The Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) was a battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee.

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Battle of South Mills

The Battle of South Mills, also known as the Battle of Camden, took place on April 19, 1862 in Camden County, North Carolina as part of Union Army Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's North Carolina expedition during the American Civil War.

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Battle of South Mountain

The Battle of South Mountain—known in several early Southern accounts as the Battle of Boonsboro Gap—was fought September 14, 1862, as part of the Maryland Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, sometimes more simply referred to as the Battle of Spotsylvania (or the 19th-century spelling Spottsylvania), was the second major battle in Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Battle of Stones River

The Battle of Stones River (also known as the Second Battle of Murfreesboro) was a battle fought from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863, in Middle Tennessee, as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

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Battle of the Wilderness

The Battle of the Wilderness, fought May 5–7, 1864, was the first battle of Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Virginia Overland Campaign against Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War.

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Battle of Wilson's Creek

The Battle of Wilson's Creek, also known as the Battle of Oak Hills, was the first major battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War.

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Benjamin Butler

Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was a major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer and businessman from Massachusetts.

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Braxton Bragg

Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a senior officer of the Confederate States Army who was assigned to duty at Richmond, under direction of the President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, and charged with the conduct of military operations of the armies of the Confederate States from February 24, 1864 until January 13, 1865, when he was charged with command and defense of Wilmington, North Carolina.

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Brigade

A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.

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Brigadier general (United States)

In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general (BG, BGen, or Brig Gen) is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force.

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Canada–United States border

The Canada–United States border, officially known as the International Boundary, is the longest international border in the world between two countries.

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Captain (United States O-3)

In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), and U.S. Air Force (USAF), captain (abbreviated "CPT" in the USA and "Capt" in the USMC and USAF) is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.

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Carolinas Campaign

The Carolinas Campaign was the final campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

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Cavalry

Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.

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Cavalry Corps (Union Army)

Two corps of the Union Army were called Cavalry Corps during the American Civil War.

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Cavalry in the American Civil War

Cavalry in the American Civil War was a branch of army service in a process of transition for the union.

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Chattanooga Campaign

The Chattanooga Campaign was a series of maneuvers and battles in October and November 1863, during the American Civil War.

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Cherokee

The Cherokee (translit or translit) are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.

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Chickasaw

The Chickasaw are an indigenous people of the Southeastern Woodlands.

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Choctaw

The Choctaw (in the Choctaw language, Chahta)Common misspellings and variations in other languages include Chacta, Tchakta and Chocktaw.

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Colonel (United States)

In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, colonel is the most senior field grade military officer rank, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general.

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Commander-in-chief

A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

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Commanding General of the United States Army

Prior to the institution of the Chief of Staff of the Army in 1903, there was generally recognized to be a single senior-most officer in the United States Army (and its predecessor the Continental Army), even though there was not a statutory office as such.

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Commemoration of the American Civil War

The commemoration of the American Civil War is based on the memories of the Civil War that Americans have shaped according to their political, social and cultural circumstances and needs, starting with the Gettysburg Address and the dedication of the Gettysburg cemetery in 1863.

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Company (military unit)

A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.

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Confederate States Army

The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).

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Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.

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Conscription in the United States

Conscription in the United States, commonly known as the draft, has been employed by the federal government of the United States in five conflicts: the American Revolution, the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, and the Cold War (including both the Korean War and the Vietnam War).

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David Hunter

David Hunter (July 21, 1802 – February 2, 1886) was a Union general during the American Civil War.

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David J. Eicher

David John Eicher (born August 7, 1961) is an American editor, writer, and popularizer of astronomy and space.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Department of New England

Department of New England was a Union Army Department created on October 1, 1861, consisting of the six New England States.

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Department of the East

The Department of the East was a military administrative district established by the U.S. Army several times in its history.

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Department of the Pacific

The Department of the Pacific or Pacific Department was a major command (Department) of the United States Army during the 19th century.

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Department of the West

The Department of the West, later known as the Western Department, was a major command (Department) of the United States Army during the 19th century.

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Desertion

In military terminology, desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission (a pass, liberty or leave) and is done with the intention of not returning.

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Don Carlos Buell

Don Carlos Buell (March 23, 1818November 19, 1898) was a United States Army officer who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the American Civil War.

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Dragoon

Dragoons originally were a class of mounted infantry, who used horses for mobility but dismounted to fight on foot.

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East Coast of the United States

The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Eastern Theater of the American Civil War

The Eastern Theater of the American Civil War consists of the major military and naval operations in the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia, and the coastal fortifications and seaports of North Carolina.

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Edward Canby

Edward Richard Sprigg Canby (November 9, 1817 – April 11, 1873) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War.

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Edward Ord

Edward Otho Cresap Ord (October 18, 1818 – July 22, 1883) was an American engineer and United States Army officer who saw action in the Seminole War, the Indian Wars, and the American Civil War.

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Edwin Stanton

Edwin McMasters Stanton (December 19, 1814December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Secretary of War under the Lincoln Administration during most of the American Civil War.

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Enrollment Act

The Enrollment Act,, enacted March 3, 1863, also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was legislation passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army.

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Ethan A. Hitchcock (general)

Ethan Allen Hitchcock (May 18, 1798 – August 5, 1870) was a career United States Army officer and author who had War Department assignments in Washington, D.C., during the American Civil War, in which he served as a major general.

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Field artillery in the American Civil War

Field artillery in the American Civil War refers to the artillery weapons, equipment, and practices used by the Artillery branch to support the infantry and cavalry forces in the field.

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Finnish Americans

Finnish Americans (Finnish: Amerikansuomalaiset) comprise Americans with ancestral roots from Finland or Finnish people who emigrated to and reside in the United States.

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First Battle of Bull Run

The First Battle of Bull Run (the name used by Union forces), also known as the First Battle of Manassas.

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For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War

For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a book by Pulitzer prize-winning author James M. McPherson.

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French Americans

French Americans (French: Franco-Américains) are citizens or nationals of the United States who identify themselves with having full or partial French or French Canadian heritage, ethnicity, and/or ancestral ties.

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French Canadians

French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada from the 17th century onward.

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George B. McClellan

George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826October 29, 1885) was an American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician.

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George Henry Thomas

George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816March 28, 1870) was a United States Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War, one of the principal commanders in the Western Theater.

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George Meade

George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 – November 6, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War.

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Georgia (U.S. state)

Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.

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German Americans

German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.

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German Americans in the American Civil War

German-Americans were the largest ethnic contingent to fight for the Union in the American Civil War.

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Grand Army of the Republic

The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army (United States Army), Union Navy (U.S. Navy), Marines and the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War for the Northern/Federal forces.

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Gulf of Mexico

The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.

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Henry Halleck

Henry Wager Halleck (January 16, 1815 – January 9, 1872) was a United States Army officer, scholar, and lawyer.

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Henry Warner Slocum

Henry Warner Slocum, Sr. (September 24, 1827 – April 14, 1894), was a Union general during the American Civil War and later served in the United States House of Representatives from New York.

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Hessian (soldier)

Hessians were German soldiers who served as auxiliaries to the British Army during the American Revolutionary War.

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Hispanics in the American Civil War

Hispanics in the American Civil War fought on both the Union and Confederate sides of the conflict.

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Historical Society of Pennsylvania

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania is a historical society founded in 1824 and based in Philadelphia.

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Horatio Wright

Horatio Gouverneur Wright (March 6, 1820 – July 2, 1899) was an engineer and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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I Corps (Union Army)

I Corps (First Corps) was the designation of three different corps-sized units in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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II Corps (Union Army)

There were five corps in the Union Army designated as II Corps (Second Army Corps) during the American Civil War.

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III Corps (Union Army)

There were four formations in the Union Army designated as III Corps (or Third Army Corps) during the American Civil War.

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Infantry

Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.

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Infantry in the American Civil War

The infantry in the American Civil War comprised foot-soldiers who fought primarily with small arms, and carried the brunt of the fighting on battlefields across the United States.

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Irish Americans

Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.

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Irish Americans in the American Civil War

Irish-American Catholics served on both sides of the American Civil War (1861–1865) as officers, volunteers and draftees.

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Irish Brigade (Union Army)

The Irish Brigade was an infantry brigade, consisting predominantly of Irish Americans, that served in the Union Army in the American Civil War.

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Italian Americans

Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.

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Italian Americans in the Civil War

Italian Americans in the Civil War are the Italian people and people of Italian descent, living in the United States, who served and fought in the American Civil War on both the Union and Confederate sides, though the "Italian" Confederate soldiers were descendants from Bourbons who fought against Giuseppe Garibaldi.

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IV Corps (Union Army)

There were two corps of the Union Army called IV Corps during the American Civil War.

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IX Corps (Union Army)

IX Corps (Ninth Army Corps) was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War that distinguished itself in combat in multiple theaters: the Carolinas, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi.

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Jackson's Valley Campaign

Jackson's Valley Campaign was Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's spring 1862 campaign through the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia during the American Civil War.

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James B. McPherson

James Birdseye McPherson (November 14, 1828 – July 22, 1864) was a career United States Army officer who served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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James M. McPherson

James M. "Jim" McPherson (born October 11, 1936) is an American Civil War historian, and is the George Henry Davis '86 Professor Emeritus of United States History at Princeton University.

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James Wolfe Ripley

James Wolfe Ripley (December 10, 1794 – March 16, 1870) was an American soldier who served as a brigadier general in the Union Army during the Civil War.

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John Alexander McClernand

John Alexander McClernand (May 30, 1812 – September 20, 1900) was an American lawyer and politician, and a Union general in the American Civil War.

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John G. Foster

John Gray Foster (May 27, 1823 – September 2, 1874) was a career military officer in the United States Army and a Union general during the American Civil War whose most distinguished services were in North and South Carolina.

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John Pope (military officer)

John Pope (March 16, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career United States Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War.

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John Schofield

John McAllister Schofield (September 29, 1831 – March 4, 1906) was an American soldier who held major commands during the American Civil War.

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Joseph E. Johnston

Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career United States Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), and Seminole Wars.

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Joseph Gilbert Totten

Joseph Gilbert Totten (August 23, 1788 – April 22, 1864) fought in the War of 1812, served as Chief of Engineers and was regent of the Smithsonian Institution and cofounder of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Joseph Hooker

Joseph Hooker (November 13, 1814 – October 31, 1879) was a career United States Army officer, achieving the rank of major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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Joseph Pannell Taylor

Joseph Pannell Taylor (May 4, 1796 – June 29, 1864) was a career United States Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War.

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Kentucky

Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.

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Lieutenant colonel (United States)

In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel.

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Lieutenant general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.

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Lorenzo Thomas

Lorenzo Thomas (October 26, 1804 – March 2, 1875) was a career United States Army officer who was Adjutant General of the Army at the beginning of the American Civil War.

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Major (United States)

In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, major is a field grade military officer rank above the rank of captain and below the rank of lieutenant colonel.

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Major general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.

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Mexican Americans

Mexican Americans (mexicoamericanos or estadounidenses de origen mexicano) are Americans of full or partial Mexican descent.

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Mexican–American War

The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War in the United States and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848.

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Middle Department

The Middle Department was an administrative military district created by the United States War Department early in the American Civil War to administer the troops in the Middle Atlantic states.

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Middle Military Division

The Middle Military Division was an organization of the Union Army during the American Civil War, responsible for operations around the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and the Valley Campaigns of 1864.

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Military Division of the Mississippi

The Military Division of the Mississippi was an administrative division of the United States Army during the American Civil War that controlled all military operations in the Western Theater from 1863 until the end of the war.

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Military history of African Americans

The military history of African Americans spans from the arrival of the first enslaved Africans during the colonial history of the United States to the present day.

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Mississippi River

The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.

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Mississippi River campaigns

The Mississippi River campaigns were a series of military actions by the Union Army during the American Civil War in which Union troops, helped by Union Navy gunboats and river ironclads, took control of the Cumberland River, the Tennessee River and the Mississippi River, main north-south avenues of transport.

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Montgomery C. Meigs

Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (May 3, 1816 – January 2, 1892) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer, who served as Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army during and after the American Civil War.

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Mounted infantry

Mounted infantry were infantry who rode horses instead of marching.

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Muscogee

The Muscogee, also known as the Mvskoke, Creek and the Muscogee Creek Confederacy, are a related group of Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.

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Nathaniel Lyon

Nathaniel Lyon (July 14, 1818 – August 10, 1861) was the first Union general to be killed in the American Civil War and is noted for his actions in the state of Missouri at the beginning of the conflict.

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Nathaniel P. Banks

Nathaniel Prentice (or Prentiss) Banks (January 30, 1816 – September 1, 1894) was an American politician from Massachusetts and a Union general during the Civil War.

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Native Americans in the American Civil War

Native Americans in the American Civil War saw Native American individuals, bands, tribes, and nations participate in numerous skirmishes and battles.

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Native Americans in the United States

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.

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New York (state)

New York is a state in the northeastern United States.

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New York City draft riots

The New York City draft riots (July 13–16, 1863), known at the time as Draft Week, were violent disturbances in Lower Manhattan, widely regarded as the culmination of working-class discontent with new laws passed by Congress that year to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.

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New-York Tribune

The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established in 1841 by editor Horace Greeley (1811–1872).

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Nordic countries

The Nordic countries or the Nordics are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North").

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North Carolina

North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Northern Virginia Campaign

The Northern Virginia Campaign, also known as the Second Bull Run Campaign or Second Manassas Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during August and September 1862 in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

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Norwegian Americans

Norwegian Americans (norskamerikanere) are Americans with ancestral roots from Norway.

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Oliver Otis Howard

Oliver Otis Howard (November 8, 1830 – October 26, 1909) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War.

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Overland Campaign

The Overland Campaign, also known as Grant's Overland Campaign and the Wilderness Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June 1864, in the American Civil War.

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Peninsula Campaign

The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater.

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Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.

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Pennsylvania in the American Civil War

During the American Civil War, the commonwealth of Pennsylvania played a critical role in the Union, providing a huge supply of military manpower, equipment, and leadership to the Federal government.

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Petersburg, Virginia

Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Philip Sheridan

Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War.

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Polish Americans

Polish Americans are Americans who have total or partial Polish ancestry.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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Quebec

Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.

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Raid on Chambersburg

The Raid on Chambersburg, often identified as J.E.B. Stuart's Chambersburg Raid, was a Confederate States Army cavalry raid into Maryland and Pennsylvania on October 10–12, 1862 during the American Civil War (Civil War).

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Reconstruction era

The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.

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Regular Army (United States)

The Regular Army of the United States succeeded the Continental Army as the country's permanent, professional land-based military force.

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Richmond, Virginia

Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.

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Robert E. Lee

Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.

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Robert Smalls

Robert Smalls (April 5, 1839 – February 23, 1915) was an enslaved African American who escaped to freedom and became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician.

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Second Battle of Bull Run

The Second Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Second Manassas was fought August 28–30, 1862 in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the American Civil War.

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Second Battle of Fort Wagner

The Second Battle of Fort Wagner, also known as the Second Assault on Morris Island or the Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island, was fought on July 18, 1863, during the American Civil War.

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Second Battle of Sabine Pass

The Second Battle of Sabine Pass took place on September 8, 1863, the result of a failed Union Army attempt to invade the Confederate state of Texas during the American Civil War.

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Shenandoah Valley

The Shenandoah Valley is a geographic valley and cultural region of western Virginia and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia in the United States.

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Sherman's March to the Sea

Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army.

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Siege of Petersburg

The Richmond–Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War.

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Siege of Vicksburg

The Siege of Vicksburg (May 18 – July 4, 1863) was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War.

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Signal Corps (United States Army)

The United States Army Signal Corps (USASC) develops, tests, provides, and manages communications and information systems support for the command and control of combined arms forces.

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Southern United States

The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.

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Swedish Americans

Swedish Americans (Svenskamerikaner) are an American ethnic group of people who have ancestral roots from Sweden.

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Telegraphy

Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

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Tennessee

Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.

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The Carolinas

The Carolinas are the U.S. states of North Carolina and South Carolina, considered collectively.

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The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina

The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, commonly referred to simply as The Citadel, is a state-supported, comprehensive college located in Charleston, South Carolina, United States.

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Theater (warfare)

In warfare, a theater or theatre (see spelling differences) is an area or place in which important military events occur or are progressing.

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Total war

Total war is warfare that includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets, mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war, and gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs.

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Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.

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Uniform of the Union Army

The Uniform of the Union Army was widely varied and, due to limitations on supply of wool and other materials, based on availability and cost of materials during the United States Civil War.

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Union (American Civil War)

During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.

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Union Army Divisions, Departments and Districts

During the American Civil War, a department was a geographical command within the Union's military organization, usually reporting directly to the War Department.

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Union Army of the Shenandoah

The Army of the Shenandoah was a Union army during the American Civil War.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Colored Troops

The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments in the United States Army composed primarily of African-American (colored) soldiers, although members of other minority groups also served with the units.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Department of War

The United States Department of War, also called the War Department (and occasionally War Office in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, also bearing responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department in 1798, and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947.

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United States Military Academy

The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.

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United States National Cemetery System

The United States National Cemetery System is a system of 147 nationally important cemeteries in the United States.

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United States Secretary of War

The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.

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United States Volunteers

United States Volunteers also known as U.S. Volunteers, U. S. Vol., or U.S.V. were military volunteers enlisted in the United States Army who were separate from the Regular Army.

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V Corps (Union Army)

The V Corps (Fifth Corps) was a unit of the Union Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War.

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VI Corps (Union Army)

The VI Corps (Sixth Army Corps) was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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VII Corps (Union Army)

Two corps of the Union Army were called VII Corps during the American Civil War.

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VIII Corps (Union Army)

The VIII Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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Virginia in the American Civil War

The Commonwealth of Virginia became a prominent part of the Confederate States of America when it joined the Confederacy during the American Civil War.

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Virginia Military Institute

The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) is a state-supported military college in Lexington, Virginia, the oldest such institution in the United States.

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Virginia Peninsula

The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, USA, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay.

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War of 1812

The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.

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War-weariness

Political war-weariness is the public or political disapproval for the continuation of a prolonged conflict or war.

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Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski

Włodzimierz Bonawentura Krzyżanowski (8 July 1824 – 31 January 1887) was a Polish-born American engineer, politician, and military leader — during the American Civil War, a brigadier general in the Union Army.

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Western Theater of the American Civil War

The Western Theater of the American Civil War encompassed major military operations in the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee, as well as Louisiana east of the Mississippi River.

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Western United States

The Western United States, commonly referred to as the American West, the Far West, or simply the West, traditionally refers to the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States.

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William Rosecrans

William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819March 11, 1898) was an American inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer.

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William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.

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Winfield Scott

Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general and the unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.

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X Corps (Union Army)

X Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XI Corps (Union Army)

Not to be confused with XI Corps (United States).

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XII Corps (Union Army)

The XII Corps (Twelfth Army Corps) was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XIII Corps (Union Army)

XIII Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XIV Corps (Union Army)

XIV Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XIX Corps (Union Army)

XIX Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XV Corps (Union Army)

The XV Army Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XVI Corps (Union Army)

The XVI Army Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XVII Corps (Union Army)

XVII Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XVIII Corps (Union Army)

XVIII Corps was a North Carolina corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XX Corps (Union Army)

Two corps of the Union Army were called XX Corps during the American Civil War.

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XXI Corps (Union Army)

XXI Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XXII Corps (Union Army)

XXII Corps was a corps in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XXIII Corps (Union Army)

XXIII Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XXIV Corps (Union Army)

XXIV Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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XXV Corps (Union Army)

XXV Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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1861

No description.

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1862

This year was named by Mitchell Stephens as the greatest year to read newspapers.

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1st South Carolina Volunteers

The First South Carolina Volunteers was a Union Army regiment during the American Civil War.

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20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment

The 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment was a volunteer regiment of the United States Army (Union Army) during the American Civil War (1861-1865), most famous for its defense of Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 1-3, 1863.

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54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment

The 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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58th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment

The 58th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, also called the Polish Legion, was an infantry regiment of United States Volunteers in Union Army service during the American Civil War.

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69th Infantry Regiment (New York)

The 69th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Army.

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79th New York Volunteer Infantry

The 79th New York Volunteer Infantry was a military regiment organized on June 20, 1859, in the state of New York.

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Redirects here:

Union Military Organization, Union army, Union soldier, Union soldiers, United States Army during the American Civil War, United States Army in the American Civil War.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_Army

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