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The abaya "cloak" (colloquially and more commonly, عباية, especially in Literary Arabic: عباءة; plural عبايات, عباءات), sometimes also called an aba, is a simple, loose over-garment, essentially a robe-like dress, worn by some women in parts of the Muslim world including in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
Absolute monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.
Abū Bakr aṣ-Ṣiddīq ‘Abdallāh bin Abī Quḥāfah (أبو بكر الصديق عبد الله بن أبي قحافة; 573 CE23 August 634 CE), popularly known as Abu Bakr (أبو بكر), was a senior companion (Sahabi) and—through his daughter Aisha—the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Abu Bakr became the first openly declared Muslim outside Muhammad's family.Muhammad Mustafa Al-A'zami (2003), The History of The Qur'anic Text: From Revelation to Compilation: A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments, p.26, 59. UK Islamic Academy.. Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor to Muhammad. During Muhammad's lifetime, he was involved in several campaigns and treaties.Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62 He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632 to 634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. As caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad. He was commonly known as The Truthful (الصديق). Abu Bakr's reign lasted for 2 years, 2 months, 2 weeks and 1 day ending with his death after an illness.
Abu Dhabi (أبو ظبي) is the capital and the second most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (the most populous being Dubai), and also capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the largest of the UAE's seven emirates.
The Abu Dhabi Education Council (مجلس أبو ظبي التعليم) (ADEC) is the educational authority for the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the largest emirate of the United Arab Emirates and the home of the country's capital city.
Abu Musa (ابوموسی, أبو موسى) island is a 12.8 square kilometer (4.9 sq mi) island in the eastern Persian Gulf near the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz.
Acacia, commonly known as the wattles or acacias, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the subfamily Mimosoideae of the pea family Fabaceae.
An accident, also known as an unintentional injury, is an undesirable, incidental, and unplanned event that could have been prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence.
Adi Al Bitar (عدي البيطار) (7 December 1924 – 4 March 1973) was a judge, a legal advisor and lawyer who worked all over the Middle East.
Adult education is a practice in which adults engage in systematic and sustained self-educating activities in order to gain new forms of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values.
Afonso de Albuquerque, Duke of Goa (1453 – 16 December 1515) (also spelled Aphonso or Alfonso), was a Portuguese general, a "great conqueror",, Vol.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The African Great Lakes (Maziwa Makuu) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.
Ahmad ibn Mājid (أحمد بن ماجد), was an Arabian navigator and cartographer born in 1421 in Julfar.
Ajman (عجمان) is the capital of the emirate of Ajman in the United Arab Emirates, located along the Persian Gulf.
Al-‘Ain (اَلْـعَـيْـن,, literally The Spring) is a city in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates.
Al-Ain Football Club (نادي العين لكرة القدم; transliterated: Nady al-'Ayn) or Al-Ain FC or simply Al-Ain is a professional football club, based in the city of Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Al Bāţinah (الباطنة) was one of the regions (mintaqah) of Oman.
Al Buraimi (البريمي Al-Buraimī) is a governorate of Oman which was split from the Ad Dhahirah Region.
Al Dhafra Air Base (Arabic:قاعدة الظفرة الجوية) is a military installation in the United Arab Emirates.
Al-Hajar Mountains (Jibāl al-Ḥajar, Rocky Mountains or Stone Mountains) in northeastern Oman and also the eastern United Arab Emirates are the highest mountain range in the eastern Arabian peninsula.
Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
Al Nahyan (آل نهيان Āl Nohayān/ The house of Nahyan) are one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates, and are based in the capital Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Al Quoz (القوز), or Al Goze, is a locality in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Al Satwa (السطوة) is a community in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, comprising high-density retail outlets and private residential dwellings.
Al Wahda Football Club (نادي الوحدة لكرة القدم) is a football club based in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates that plays in the UAE Pro League.
Al-Nasr Sports Club (نادي النصر الرياضي) is a professional association football club located in Dubai and plays in the UAE Arabian Gulf League.
The Al-Qasimi royal family (spelled sometimes as Al Qassimi or Al Qassemi; plural: Al Qawasem القواسم) are one of the six ruling families of the United Arab Emirates and rule two of the seven emirates: Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah.
Al Wasl Football Club (نادي الوصل لكرة القدم.) is a United Arab Emirates Football League club based in Dubai.
The Algeria national football team represents Algeria in association football and is controlled by the Algerian Football Federation.
Ali Abdullah Saleh (ʿAlī ʿAbdullāh Ṣāliḥ; 21 March 1947There is a dispute as to Saleh's date of birth, some saying that it was on 21 March 1942. See:. However, by Saleh's own confession, he was born in 1947. – 4 December 2017) was a Yemeni politician who served as the first President of Yemen, from Yemeni unification on 22 May 1990 to his resignation on 25 February 2012, following the Yemeni Revolution.
American University of Sharjah (abbreviated AUS; الجامعة الأمريكية في الشارقة) is a co-educational institution of higher education in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery.
The Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was a British company founded in 1908 following the discovery of a large oil field in Masjed Soleiman, Iran.
Ansar Burney (انصار برنی; born 14 August 1956) is a leading Pakistani human and civil rights activist.
Apostasy (ἀποστασία apostasia, "a defection or revolt") is the formal disaffiliation from, or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person.
The Arab League (الجامعة العربية), formally the League of Arab States (جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia.
The Arab Organization for Human Rights (المنظمة العربية لحقوق الإنسان) is a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) that works on human rights issues in the Arab World.
The Arab Spring (الربيع العربي ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī), also referred to as Arab Revolutions (الثورات العربية aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups, foreign interventions, and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
The Arabian Gulf Cup (كأس الخليج العربي, Kass Al-Khaleej Al-Arabi), often referred to simply as the Gulf Cup, is a biennial football competition for the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, in addition to neighbouring state Yemen, and is governed by the Arab Gulf Cup Football Federation.
The Arabian oryx or white oryx (Oryx leucoryx) is a medium-sized antelope with a distinct shoulder bump, long, straight horns, and a tufted tail.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia (شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, ‘Arabian island’ or جَزِيرَةُ الْعَرَب, ‘Island of the Arabs’), is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
An autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power (social and political) is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d'état or mass insurrection).
The École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, literally the "Special Military School of Saint-Cyr") is the foremost French military academy.
İyad el-Baghdadi (إياد البغدادي) (born June 17, 1977) is a writer, entrepreneur, and human rights activist who attained international prominence during the Arab Spring.
The Bahá'í World News Service reports a Bahá'í membership of more than 5 million worldwide, in "virtually every country" and many territories.
Although Bangladesh only came into existence in 1971, the land which is today Bangladesh has strong ties to the Middle East.
Bani Yas (from بَنُو ياس) is a tribal confederation of uncertain origin (mostly attributed its lineage either to the Omani Yas ibn Sasa' or Najdi origin) in the United Arab Emirates.
The Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.
Battery is a criminal offense involving the unlawful physical acting upon a threat, distinct from assault which is the act of creating apprehension of such contact.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.
Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.
The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.
The British Armed Forces, also known as Her/His Majesty's Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
It is estimated that in the Middle East around 900,000 people, perhaps more, profess Buddhism as their religion.
Bur Dubai (in Arabic: بر دبي) is a historic district in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, located on the western side of the Dubai Creek.
A caliphate (خِلافة) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَليفة), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah (community).
Camel racing is a popular sport in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrain, Jordan, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Australia, and Mongolia.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Cardamom, sometimes cardamon or cardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
The CERT (Centre of Excellence for Applied Research and Training) Group of Companies began as the commercial arm of the Higher Colleges of Technology in the United Arab Emirates, and has grown to be the largest private education provider in the Middle East.
There are approximately 180,000 Chinese people in the United Arab Emirates, 150,000 of which are in Dubai.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christians account for 13 percent of the total population of the United Arab Emirates, according to a ministry report, which collected census data.
The Cinema of the United Arab Emirates began with a number of feature films that were broadcast on national television since the late 1980s.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc.
Coastal fish, also called inshore fish or neritic fish, inhabit the sea between the shoreline and the edge of the continental shelf.
A coastal plain is flat, low-lying land adjacent to a sea coast.
Collective bargaining is a process of negotiation between employers and a group of employees aimed at agreements to regulate working salaries, working conditions, benefits, and other aspects of workers' compensation and rights for workers.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
A cricket field is a large grassy ground on which the game of cricket is played.
Crucifixion is a method of capital punishment in which the victim is tied or nailed to a large wooden beam and left to hang for several days until eventual death from exhaustion and asphyxiation.
There is a rich and ancient culture in Eastern Arabia (Arab states of the Persian Gulf).
A cultured pearl is a pearl created by an oyster farmer under controlled conditions.
The Dassault Mirage 2000 is a French multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning "gust of wind", and "burst of fire" in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.
Demographic profiling is a tool utilized by marketers so that they may be as efficient as possible with advertising products or services and identifying any possible gaps in their marketing strategy.
Demographics of Libya include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the Libyan population.
Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey, (30 August 1917 – 3 October 2015) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Secretary of State for Defence from 1964 to 1970, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979 and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1980 to 1983.
Deportation is the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country.
In economics, a depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies.
Dibba (دبا) is a coastal area at the northern tip of the eastern Arabian peninsula on the Gulf of Oman.
Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.
In February 2015, three sisters from the United Arab Emirates, Asma, Mariam, and Alyaziyah Khalifa al-Suwaidi, disappeared after their arrest by Emirati authorities for using social networking site Twitter.
A domestic worker, domestic helper, domestic servant, manservant or menial, is a person who works within the employer's household.
The dromedary, also called the Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back.
The Druze (درزي or, plural دروز; דרוזי plural דרוזים) are an Arabic-speaking esoteric ethnoreligious group originating in Western Asia who self-identify as unitarians (Al-Muwaḥḥidūn/Muwahhidun).
Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company (شركة الإمارات للاتصالات المتكاملة), commercially rebranded as du in February 2007, is one of the two telecom operators in the United Arab Emirates (the other one being Etisalat).
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Dubai Desert Rock Festival was an event celebrating various styles of rock and metal music on one stage in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Dubai International Airport (مطار دبي الدولي) is the primary international airport serving Dubai, United Arab Emirates and is the world's busiest airport by international passenger traffic.
The Dubai International Stadium, formerly known as the Dubai Sports City Cricket Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Dubai Media City (DMC), part of Dubai Holding, is a tax-free zone within Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Dubai Properties Group is a property development and management company based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Dubai Sports City or DSC a multi-venue sports complex in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, developed by Dubai. It provides a mix of residential, retail, leisure and recreational facilities. It is built around five major sports venues and features a number of sports academies. Located on Mohammad Bin Zayed Road the residential aspect of the project consists of mid-rise apartment buildings, townhouses and villas. Sports City contains three distinct residential districts: Canal Residence, Victory Heights and Gallery Villas.
Dubai World (دبي العالمية) is an investment company that manages and supervises a portfolio of businesses and projects for the Government of Dubai across a wide range of industry segments and projects that promote Dubai as a hub for commerce and trading.
In physical geography, a dune is a hill of loose sand built by aeolian processes (wind) or the flow of water.
A dust storm is a meteorological phenomenon common in arid and semi-arid regions.
The Dutch Empire (Het Nederlandse Koloniale Rijk) comprised the overseas colonies, enclaves, and outposts controlled and administered by Dutch chartered companies, mainly the Dutch West India and the Dutch East India Company, and subsequently by the Dutch Republic (1581–1795), and the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands since 1815.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) once largely known for its oil exports today has a diverse and highly developed economy.
The ease of doing business index is an index created by Simeon Djankov at the World Bank Group.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.
The Egypt national football team (مُنتخب مَــصـر, Montakhab Masr), known as The Pharaohs, represents Egypt in men's International association football and is governed by the Egyptian Football Association (EFA) founded in 1921, the governing body for football in Egypt.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm).
Electrical injury is a physiological reaction caused by electric current passing through the (human) body.
Electrocution is death or serious injury caused by electric shock, electric current passing through the body.
The Arabic name امارات, romanized as emarat,ausregistry,, 7 May 2010 is the Internationalized country code top-level domain for the United Arab Emirates.
The emblem of the United Arab Emirates (شعار الإمارات العربية المتحدة) was officially adopted in 1973 and later modified in 2008.
An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Arabic or Islamic monarch styled emir.
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi (or; إمارة أبوظبي), is one of seven emirates that constitute the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Emirate of Ajman (إمارة عجمان) is one of the seven Emirates (states) of the United Arab Emirates.
The Emirate of Dubai (إمارة دبيّ) is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates.
The Emirate of Sharjah (الشارقة) is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates.
Emirates (طَيَران الإمارات DMG: Ṭayarān Al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Emirates Golf Club located in Dubai, UAE is an 36-hole golf course in Dubai.
The United Arab Emirates consists of seven emirates (إمارات ʾimārāt; singular: إمارة ʾimārah), all of which were historically known as the Trucial States collectively.
The Emirati people (إماراتي) are the citizens of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
Endurance riding is an equestrian sport based on controlled long-distance races.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The estuary perch (Macquaria colonorum) is a species of temperate perch endemic to south-eastern Australia, where it prefers brackish waters such as lower tidal reaches of coastal lakes, rivers, and streams.
Etihad Airways (Arabic شركة الاتحاد للطيران sharikat alittiḥād liṭṭayarān) is a flag carrier and the second-largest airline of the United Arab Emirates (after Emirates).
Emirates Telecommunication Group Company PJSC, (مؤسسة الإمارات للاتصالات, Mu'asissat al-'Imārāt lil-'Ittiṣālāt, literally, "Emirates Institute for Communications"), branded trade name Etisalat (اتصالات, literally "communications"), is a multinational Emirati based telecommunications services provider, currently operating in 16 countries across Asia, the Middle East and Africa.
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Most expatriates in the United Arab Emirates reside in Dubai and Abu Dhabi.
Falconry is the hunting of wild animals in their natural state and habitat by means of a trained bird of prey.
Family law (also called matrimonial law or the law of domestic relations) is an area of the law that deals with family matters and domestic relations.
A federal monarchy is a federation of states with a single monarch as over-all head of the federation, but retaining different monarchs, or a non-monarchical system of government, in the various states joined to the federation.
The Federal National Council (FNC) (المجلس الوطني الإتحادي, al-Majlis al-Watani al-Ittihadi) is the federal authority of the United Arab Emirates formed to represent the general Emirati people.
The Federal Supreme Council (المجلس الأعلى للاتحاد) is the highest constitutional authority in the United Arab Emirates, being the highest legislative and executive body.
Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or 'federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system.
A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing provinces, states, or other regions under a central (federal) government.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
Filipinos in the United Arab Emirates are migrants or descendants of the Philippines living in the United Arab Emirates.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given sovereign state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.
Flagellation (Latin flagellum, "whip"), flogging, whipping or lashing is the act of beating the human body with special implements such as whips, lashes, rods, switches, the cat o' nine tails, the sjambok, etc.
Folk art encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople.
In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
Fornication is generally consensual sexual intercourse between two people not married to each other.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
Freedom House is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. government-funded non-governmental organization (NGO) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom, and human rights.
Freedom in the World is a yearly survey and report by the U.S.-based non-governmental organization Freedom House that measures the degree of civil liberties and political rights in every nation and significant related and disputed territories around the world.
The Constitution of the United Arab Emirates provides for freedom of religion in accordance with established customs, and the government generally respects this right in practice; however, there were some restrictions.
Freedom of the Press is a yearly report by US-based non-governmental organization Freedom House, measuring the level of freedom and editorial independence enjoyed by the press in nations and significant disputed territories around the world.
Fujairah (الفجيرة) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, and the only one of the seven that has a coastline solely on the Gulf of Oman and none on the Persian Gulf.
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics (now Lockheed Martin) for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Giles Whittell is an English author and journalist.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
GlobaLeaks is an open-source, free software intended to enable secure and anonymous whistleblowing initiatives.
Goronwy Owen Goronwy-Roberts, Baron Goronwy-Roberts, PC (20 September 1913 – 23 July 1981) was a Labour Member of Parliament.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Governor-General of India (or, from 1858 to 1947, officially the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, commonly shortened to Viceroy of India) was originally the head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence in 1947, the representative of the Indian head of state.
Greater Tunb and Lesser Tunb (تنب بزرگ و تنب کوچک., Tonb-e Bozorg and Tonb-e Kuchak, طنب الكبرى و طنب الصغرى., Tunb el-Kubra and Tunb el-Sughra) are two small islands in the eastern Persian Gulf, close to the Strait of Hormuz.
The Guggenheim Abu Dhabi is a planned museum, to be located in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Gulf Arabic (خليجي local pronunciation: or اللهجة الخليجية, local pronunciation) is a variety of the Arabic language spoken in Eastern Arabia around the coasts of the Persian Gulf in Kuwait, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, as well as parts of eastern Saudi Arabia (Eastern Province), southern Iraq (Basra Governorate and Muthanna Governorate), and south Iran (Bushehr Province and Hormozgan Province) and northern Oman.
The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية), originally (and still colloquially) known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC, مجلس التعاون الخليجي), is a regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf except Iraq.
Gulf News is a daily English language newspaper published from Dubai.
The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (خليج عُمان khalīj ʿUmān; دریای عمان daryāye ʿUmān) is a strait (and not an actual gulf) that connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then runs to the Persian Gulf.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.
The Hegira (also called Hijrah, هِجْرَة) is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib, later renamed by him to Medina, in the year 622.
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person.
A hereditary monarchy is a form of government and succession of power in which the throne passes from one member of a royal family to another member of the same family.
Hezbollah (pronounced; حزب الله, literally "Party of Allah" or "Party of God")—also transliterated Hizbullah, Hizballah, etc.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Millions of Indian diaspora, of different religions, reside and work in the Arab countries.
The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a country on the Arabian Peninsula located on the southeastern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman.
The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts into the Guardafui Channel, lying along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden and the southwest Red Sea.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Houthis (الحوثيون al-Ḥūthiyyūn), officially called Ansar Allah (أنصار الله "Supporters of God"), are members of an Islamic religious-political-armed movement that emerged from Sa'dah in northern Yemen in the 1990s.
Hudud (Arabic: حدود Ḥudūd, also transliterated hadud, hudood; plural of hadd, حد) is an Arabic word meaning "borders, boundaries, limits".
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
In anthropology and demography, the human sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
The Ibāḍī movement, Ibadism or Ibāḍiyya, also known as the Ibadis (الاباضية, al-Ibāḍiyyah), is a school of Islam dominant in Oman.
Indians in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) constitute the largest part of population of the country.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
The International Business Times is an American online news publication that publishes seven national editions and four languages.
International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket.
The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC; Confédération syndicale internationale (CSI); Internationaler Gewerkschaftsbund (IGB); Confederación Sindical Internacional (CSI)) is the world's largest trade union federation.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Iranian architecture or Persian architecture (Persian:مهرازى ایرانی) is the architecture of Iran and parts of the rest of West Asia, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Iraq national football team (المنتخب العراقي لكرة القدم) represents Iraq in international football.
The Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC), known prior to 1929 as the Turkish Petroleum Company (TPC), is an oil company which, between 1925 and 1961, had a virtual monopoly on all oil exploration and production in Iraq.
Irreligion in the United Arab Emirates is rare, with only up to 4% of people reporting irreligious beliefs according to a Gallup poll.
The National Anthem of the United Arab Emirates, (النشيد الوطني الإماراتي, al-Našīd al-Waṭaniy al-’Īmārātī), also popularly known as Ishy Bilady (عيشي بلادي; ‘Īšī Bilādī; literally, Long Live my Nation), was officially accepted as the United Arab Emirates' national anthem after the formation of the country in 1971.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islam is the official religion of the United Arab Emirates.
Issa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (عيسى بن زايد آل نهيان) is the son of former United Arab Emirates President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan; the half brother of the present ruler of Abu Dhabi, the Emir Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; and the half brother of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Jacques-Yves Cousteau (11 June 1910 – 25 June 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
Jebel Ali (جبل علي) is a port town south-west of Dubai.
Khaleej Times (KT) is a daily English language newspaper published in United Arab Emirates. Launched on April 16, 1978, KT is the UAE's oldest and remains the country's longest running English daily.
Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان; born 7 September 1948; referred to as Sheikh Khalifa) is the President of the United Arab Emirates, the Emir of Abu Dhabi and the Supreme Commander of the Union Defence Force.
Khalifa Port is the Abu Dhabi Ports' flagship, deepwater port built to accommodate the largest ships existing when it was built.
Khalifa University (جامعة خليفة, also known as Khalifa University of Science, Technology & Research, or KUSTAR) is a science-focused university located in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates with a satellite campus in Sharjah.
Khawr al Udayd, (Arabic: خور العديد) also spelled Khor al Adaid, is a settlement and inlet of the Persian Gulf located in Al Wakrah Municipality in southeast Qatar, on the border with Saudi Arabia.
Khorfakkan (خورفكان) is a town located along the Gulf of Oman on the east coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Kunsthal (Art Hall) is a museum in Rotterdam, which opened in 1992.
The Kuwait national football team is the national team of Kuwait and is controlled by the Kuwait Football Association.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Lake Zakher (بحيرة زاخر) is a man-made lake in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.
Lamb, hogget, and mutton are the meat of domestic sheep (species Ovis aries) at different ages.
The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights are heavily suppressed in the emirates of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al-Khaimah, Umm Al Quwain, Ajman, Fujairah and Sharjah, which together form the United Arab Emirates.
The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the United States Library of Congress, freely available for use by researchers.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
The following is a list of the world's largest airports by international passenger traffic.
This is a collection of lists of countries by average life expectancy at birth.
This is a list of countries by natural gas proven reserves based on The World Factbook (when no citation is given).
This is a list of countries by net migration rate, the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year, per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population).
This is a list of countries by proven oil reserves.
This article contains a list of freedom indices produced by several non-governmental organizations that publish and maintain assessments of the state of freedom in the world, according to their own various definitions of the term, and rank countries as being free, partly free, or using various measures of freedom, including civil liberties, political rights and economic rights.
This is a list of museums in the United Arab Emirates.
The Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates is the head of government of the United Arab Emirates.
This is a list of topics related to United Arab Emirates.
Līwa (ليوه / ALA-LC: laywah) is a traditional dance of African origin performed in Eastern Arabia (Arab states of the Persian Gulf), mainly within communities of descendants of people from the Swahili Coast (Tanzania and Zanzibar).
The Liwa Oasis (واحة ليوا, Wāḥḥat Līwā) is a large oasis area in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
The Louvre Abu Dhabi is an art and civilization museum, located in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Marib (Maʾrib) is the capital city of Ma'rib Governorate, Yemen.
Mackerel is a common name applied to a number of different species of pelagic fish, mostly, but not exclusively, from the family Scombridae.
The Omani territory of Madha (madḥāʾ) or Wadi Madha is an exclave of Oman, enclaved by the United Arab Emirates (UAE); inside it, there is a second-order enclave Nahwa, part of UAE.
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (ca. 1943 – 4 January 2006) (مكتوم بن راشد آل مكتوم), also referred to as Sheikh Maktoum (honorific) was the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the emir (ruler) of Dubai.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
The Masdar Institute of Science and Technology (Masdar Institute) was a graduate level, research-oriented university focused on alternative energies, sustainability, and environmental research.
Following its independence from British occupation in 1971, the United Arab Emirates’ media landscape had already started some of its media sectors and continued to develop steadily.
Medina (المدينة المنورة,, "the radiant city"; or المدينة,, "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
The Middle East Broadcasting Center (branded as MBC or MBC Group) is the first private free-to-air satellite broadcasting company in the Arab World.
The Middle East Institute (MEI) is a non-profit, non-partisan think tank and cultural center in Washington, D.C., founded in 1946.
In international relations, a middle power is a sovereign state that is not a superpower nor a great power, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.
A middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) is an educational stage which exists in some countries, providing education between primary school and secondary school.
Migrant workers in the Persian Gulf region involves the prevalence of migrant workers in the Kingdom of Bahrain, the State of Kuwait, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the State of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
A military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation.
The Ministry of Labor (US), or Labour (UK), also known as the Department of Labor, or Labour, is a government department responsible for setting national labor standards, labor dispute mechanisms, employment, workforce participation, training, and social security.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic: محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم;; born 15 July 1949), is the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Ruler of the Emirate of Dubai.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed bin Sultan Al-Nahyan (محمد بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان; born 11 March 1961), nicknamed MbZ, is the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE's Armed Forces. He is seen as being the driving force behind the UAE's activist foreign policy and is the leader of a campaign against Arab Islamist movements. He is seen as the UAE’s de facto ruler, along with Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
MuhammadFull name: Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāšim (ابو القاسم محمد ابن عبد الله ابن عبد المطلب ابن هاشم, lit: Father of Qasim Muhammad son of Abd Allah son of Abdul-Muttalib son of Hashim) (مُحمّد;;Classical Arabic pronunciation Latinized as Mahometus c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE)Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition.
A multirole combat aircraft (MRCA) is a combat aircraft intended to perform different roles in combat.
The Musandam Governorate (Muḥāfaẓaṫ Musandam) is a governorate of Oman.
Muscat (مسقط) is the capital and largest city of Oman.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Nahwa is a village that is part of the Emirate of Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates.
National Day (اليوم الوطني) is celebrated on 2 December each year in the United Arab Emirates.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The net migration rate is the difference between the number of immigrants (people coming into an area) and the number of emigrants (people leaving an area) throughout the year.
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Oil reserves in the United Arab Emirates, according to its government, are about, almost as big as Kuwait's claimed reserves.
Oman (عمان), officially the Sultanate of Oman (سلطنة عُمان), is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC,, or OPEP in several other languages) is an intergovernmental organization of nations, founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela), and headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria.
Operation Northern Watch (ONW), the successor to Operation Provide Comfort, was a Combined Task Force (CTF) charged with enforcing its own no-fly zone above the 36th parallel in Iraq.
Operation Odyssey Dawn was the U.S. code name for the American role in the international military operation in Libya to enforce United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 during the initial period of 19–31 March 2011, which continued afterwards under NATO command as Operation Unified Protector.
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC; منظمة التعاون الإسلامي; Organisation de la coopération islamique) is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.3 billion as of 2009 with 47 countries being Muslim Majority countries.
Orbit Showtime Network (OSN, stylized as “osn”) is a direct-broadcast satellite provider serving the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
OTR-21 Tochka (оперативно-тактический ракетный комплекс (ОТР) «Точка» ("dot"); Tactical Operational Missile Complex "Tochka") is a Soviet tactical ballistic missile.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United Arab Emirates: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a sovereign federation of seven states located southeast of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, bordering Oman and Saudi Arabia.
Pakistanis in the United Arab Emirates include expatriates from Pakistan who have settled in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), as well as Emirati people who have Pakistani heritage.
Palestinian territories and occupied Palestinian territories (OPT or oPt) are terms often used to describe the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, which are occupied or otherwise under the control of Israel.
Pearl hunting is the act of recovering pearls from wild mollusks, usually oysters or mussels, in the sea or fresh water.
Major-General Sir Percy Zachariah Cox (20 November 1864 – 20 February 1937) was a British Indian Army officer and Colonial Office administrator in the Middle East.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
The Persian Gulf Residency was an official colonial subdivision (i.e., residency) of the British Raj from 1763 until 1947 (and remained British protectorates after Indian independence in 1947, up to 1971), whereby the United Kingdom maintained varying degrees of political and economic control over several states in the Persian Gulf, including what is today known as the United Arab Emirates (formerly called the "Trucial Coast States") and at various times southern portions of Persia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Port Rashid (ميناء راشد), also referred to as Mina Rashid, is a man made, commercial port in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Port Saeed (بور سعيد and sometimes ميناء سعيد) is a locality in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
The Portuguese Empire (Império Português), also known as the Portuguese Overseas (Ultramar Português) or the Portuguese Colonial Empire (Império Colonial Português), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance.
The President of the United Arab Emirates is the head of state of the United Arab Emirates.
The Press Freedom Index is an annual ranking of countries compiled and published by Reporters Without Borders based upon the organisation's own assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year.
Marte Deborah Dalelv (born 1988) is a Norwegian woman, who in 2013, received a prison sentence of 16 months in Dubai, United Arab Emirates for perjury, consensual extramarital sex and alcohol consumption.
Public policy consists of a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action, and funding priorities by a government or its representatives.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
The United Arab Emirates has a very limited rail network.
Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.
Ras al-Khaimah (رأس الخيمة), historically known as Julfar, is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates (UAE).Its name could be taken to mean "headland of the small huts", which can be attributed to the indigenous buildings that existed along the coast.
Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum pronounced Râshid bin Sa`îd Âl Makṫûm (11 June 1912 – 7 October 1990) (راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم) was the Vice-President and 2nd Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Emîr (أمير) (Ruler) of the Emirate of Dubai.
The Rashidun Caliphate (اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلرَّاشِدَةُ) (632–661) was the first of the four major caliphates established after the death of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.
The Red Line Agreement is an agreement signed by partners in the Turkish Petroleum Company (TPC) on July 31, 1928.
Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.
A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is a storage space for fluids.
The Ridda Wars (Arabic: حروب الردة), also known as the Wars of Apostasy, were a series of military campaigns launched by the Caliph Abu Bakr against rebel Arabian tribes during 632 and 633, just after Muhammad died.
Romantic poetry is the poetry of the Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century.
The United Arab Emirates consists of seven Emirates, and has six royal houses.
The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS or RMA Sandhurst), commonly known simply as Sandhurst, is one of several military academies of the United Kingdom and is the British Army's initial officer training centre.
The Royal Military College, Duntroon, also known simply as Duntroon, is the Australian Army's officer training establishment.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
RT (formerly Russia Today) is a Russian international television network funded by the Russian government.
Saadiyat Island (جزيرة السعديات.;, for "Island of Happiness") is a tourism-cultural project for nature and Emirati heritage and culture.
Saffron (pronounced or) is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus".
The Salsali Private Museum, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is the first private museum in the region for contemporary Middle Eastern and international art.
Natural salt pans or salt flats are flat expanses of ground covered with salt and other minerals, usually shining white under the sun.
Sandhurst is a small town and civil parish in England of 7,966 homes and 20,803 inhabitants (2001 Census data), primarily domiciliary in nature with a few light industries.
The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Saudi Arabia–United Arab Emirates border dispute was apparently resolved with the Treaty of Jeddah, which was signed at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, on 21 August 1974.
Secret Dubai was one of the most popular independent blogs in Dubai, United Arab Emirates in the 8 years of its operation, from 2002 until 2010.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Defence (Defence Secretary) is an official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Ministry of Defence.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is usually undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another.
Shabab Al Ahli Club (نادي شباب الأهلي) is a United Arab Emirates professional association football based in Dubai, that currently play in the UAE Arabian Gulf League.
Shamma bint Suhail Faris Al Mazrui (born 1993/94) is an Emirati politician who currently serves as Minister of State for Youth Affairs in the United Arab Emirates.
Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
Sharjah (الشارقة; Gulf Arabic: aš-šārja) is the third largest and third most populous city in the United Arab Emirates, forming part of the Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area.
The Sharjah Cricket Stadium (Arabic:لشارقة جمعية ملعب الكريكيت) is in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates.
Sharjah Football Club is a United Arab Emirates football club that plays in the UAE Arabian Gulf League.
Sharjah International Book Fair is a ten-day event international book fair held annually in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
Sharks are a group of elasmobranch fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head.
The Sheikh Zayed Stadium (ملعب الكريكيت الشيخ زايد) is a cricket ground located in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque (جامع الشيخ زايد الكبير) is located in Abu Dhabi, the capital city of the United Arab Emirates.
Shia (شيعة Shīʿah, from Shīʻatu ʻAlī, "followers of Ali") is a branch of Islam which holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor (Imam), most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm.
Shia Islam is practiced by a minority of Muslims in the United Arab Emirates.
Suhar (Sohar) (صُحار, also Romanized as Suḥār) is the capital and largest city of the Al Batinah North Governorate in Oman.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South Asia.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Spearmint (binomial Mentha spicata, synonym Mentha viridis), also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint, is a species of mint native to much of Europe and Asia (Middle East, Himalayas, China etc.), and naturalized in parts of northern and western Africa, North America, and South America, as well as various oceanic islands.
A state religion (also called an established religion or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an international institute based in Sweden, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
Stoning, or lapidation, is a method of capital punishment whereby a group throws stones at a person until the subject dies.
The Strait of Hormuz (تنگه هرمز Tangeye Hormoz) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.
Stuff.co.nz is a New Zealand news website published by Fairfax Digital, a division of Fairfax New Zealand Ltd, a subsidiary of Australian company Fairfax Media Ltd.
Sufism, or Taṣawwuf (personal noun: ṣūfiyy / ṣūfī, mutaṣawwuf), variously defined as "Islamic mysticism",Martin Lings, What is Sufism? (Lahore: Suhail Academy, 2005; first imp. 1983, second imp. 1999), p.15 "the inward dimension of Islam" or "the phenomenon of mysticism within Islam",Massington, L., Radtke, B., Chittick, W. C., Jong, F. de, Lewisohn, L., Zarcone, Th., Ernst, C, Aubin, Françoise and J.O. Hunwick, “Taṣawwuf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, edited by: P. Bearman, Th.
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam.
The Taliban (طالبان "students"), alternatively spelled Taleban, which refers to itself as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country.
A telephone exchange is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in large enterprises.
Telephone numbers in the UAE follow a closed telephone numbering plan.
A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more territorial entities or over the possession or control of land, usually between a new state and the occupying power.
Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard.
A thawb or thobe (ثَوْب / ALA-LC: thawb) is an ankle-length Arab garment, usually with long sleeves, similar to a robe, kaftan or tunic.
The Daily Beast is an American news and opinion website focused on politics and pop culture.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The National is a private English-language daily newspaper published in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
Total S.A. is a French multinational integrated oil and gas company and one of the seven "Supermajor" oil companies in the world.
The Trucial Oman Scouts was a paramilitary force that the British raised in 1951 as the Trucial Oman Levies, to serve in the Trucial States.
The Trucial Coast (or أو المتصالح; also known as Trucial States, Trucial Oman, Trucial States of the Coast of Oman, and Trucial Sheikhdoms) were a group of tribal confederations in the south-eastern Persian Gulf, previously known to the British as the "Pirate Coast", which were signatories to treaties (hence 'trucial') with the British government.
A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).
twofour54 is a media zone located in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Umm al-Nar (Arabic: ام النار "Mother of fire") (also known as Umm an-Nar) is the name given to a bronze age culture that existed around 2600-2000 BC in the area of modern-day United Arab Emirates and Northern Oman.
Umm al-Quwain (أمّ القيوين) is the least populous of the seven sovereign emirates in the United Arab Emirates, located in the north of the country.
Undergraduate education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education.
The United Arab Emirates dirham (درهم, sign: د.إ; code: AED), also known as simply the Emirati dirham, is the currency of the United Arab Emirates.
The United Arab Emirates Football Association (الاتحاد الاماراتي لكرة القدم) is the governing body of football in the United Arab Emirates.
The United Arab Emirates national cricket team (فريق الإمارات الوطني للكريكيت) became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1989 and an associate member the following year.
The United Arab Emirates national football team (منتخب الإمارات العربية المتحدة لكرة القدم) represents the United Arab Emirates in association football and is controlled by the United Arab Emirates Football Association, the governing body for football in United Arab Emirates and competes in AFC.
United Arab Emirates University (in Arabic:جامعة الإمارات العربية المتحدة) is the oldest university in the United Arab Emirates.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 304, adopted unanimously on December 8, 1971, after examining the application of the United Arab Emirates for membership in the United Nations, the Council recommended to the General Assembly that the United Arab Emirates be admitted.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.
The University of Sharjah (jāmiʿat aš-šāriqah; also known as UOS or Sharjah University) is an Emirati private national university located in University City, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
UTC+04:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +04.
Wadi (wādī; ואדי), alternatively wād (وَاد), is the Arabic and Hebrew term traditionally referring to a valley.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
West Point is the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United States.
Western Asia, West Asia, Southwestern Asia or Southwest Asia is the westernmost subregion of Asia.
WhatsApp Messenger is a freeware and cross-platform messaging and Voice over IP (VoIP) service owned by Facebook.
A windtower (wind catcher) (بادگیر bâdgir: bâd "wind" + gir "catcher") is a traditional Persian architectural element to create natural ventilation in buildings.
The World Bank Group (WBG) (Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.
The Yas Marina Circuit (Arabic: حلبة مرسى ياس) is the venue for the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.
Youth programs are particular activities designed to involve people between the ages of 10 and 25.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Sheikh Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan (زايد بن خليفة آل نهيان; 1835–1909) was the grandfather and namesake of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan, founder of the United Arab Emirates.
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Zāyed bin Sulṭān Āl Nahyān); 6 May 1918 – 2 November 2004) was an Arab Shaykh (شَـيْـخ) who reigned as Emir (Amîr, Ruler) of Abu Dhabi for 38 years (6 August 1966 – 2 November 2004), and was the principal driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), besides the Union's first President (Ra’îs), a post which he held for a period of almost 33 years (1971 until his death in 2004).
Zayed Port also referred to as Mina Zayed, is a commercial deep-water port owned by the Abu Dhabi Ports that serves Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
The domain name ae is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet for the United Arab Emirates.
The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th FIFA World Cup, was held in Spain from 13 June to 11 July 1982.
The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th FIFA World Cup, was held in Mexico from 31 May to 29 June 1986.
The 1990 FIFA World Cup was the 14th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 1996 Cricket World Cup, also called the Wills World Cup 1996 after its official sponsors, ITC's Wills brand, was the sixth Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
The 2007 Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Cricket World Cup 2007) was the 9th edition of the Cricket World Cup tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sport's One Day International (ODI) format.
The 2016 Asia Cup (also called the Micromax Asia Cup T20) was a Twenty20 International (T20I) cricket tournament that was held in Bangladesh from 24 February to 6 March 2016.
The 2019 AFC Asian Cup will be the 17th edition of the AFC Asian Cup, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Asia organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).
Administrative divisions of the United Arab Emirates, Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah, Al-Imarat al-'Arabiyyah al-Muttahidah, Al-Imrata al-Arabiyyah al-Muttahida, Al-Imārāt al-ʿArabiyyah al-Muttaḥidah, Arab Emirates, Dawlat al-Imarat al-'Arabiyah al-Muttahidah, Emirates of UAE, Emirates of the united arab emirates, Flora and fauna of the United Arab Emirates, ISO 3166-1:AE, List of UAE Emirates, Muttahida Arab Imarat, Muttahidah Arab Imarat, Northern Emirates, Ranked lists of UAE Emirates, Subdivisions of the United Arab Emirates, The U.A.E, The U.A.E., The UAE, The United Arab Emirates, U.A. Emirates, U.A.E, U.A.E., U.A.Emirates, UA Emirates, UAE, Uae, United Arab Emerates, United Arab Emerites, United Arab Emirares, United Arab Emirat, United Arab Emirate, United Arab Emirates government, United Arab Emirates', United Arab Emirats, United Arab Emirites, United Arabic Emirates, United Emirates, United ae, United arab, United arab emirates, United arabia, United arabic, Untied Arab Emirates, الإمارات, الإمارات العربية المتحدة, الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة.