373 relations: Aerial refueling, Aerial warfare, Aeronautical Division, U.S. Signal Corps, Air Corps Tactical School, Air force, Air Line Pilots Association, International, Air Materiel Command, Air University (United States Air Force), Airco DH.4, Aircraft Board, Airlines for America, Airmail, Airmails of the United States, Airship, Alabama, Albert Caquot, Albert J. Winegar, Alexandre Ribot, Alfred V. Verville, All American Pathfinders, Altitude, American Expeditionary Forces, Appropriation (law), Apremont, Ardennes, Armistice, Army, Arthur Harvey, Arthur Raymond Brooks, Automotive industry, Aviation medicine, Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, Avord, Étienne Dormoy, Battle of Château-Thierry (1918), Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Behonne, Benjamin Foulois, Bering Strait, Billy Mitchell, Boston, Breguet 14, Brigadier general, Bron, Bronze Star Medal, Brooks Air Force Base, Brownsville, Texas, Buhl Aircraft Company, Cabinet of the United States, Canada, Captain (armed forces), ..., Carbon monoxide, Carl Spaatz, Carlstrom Field, Cavalry, Chanute Air Force Base, Charles A. Willoughby, Charles F. Curry, Charles Lindbergh, Charles Nordhoff, Charles T. Menoher, Chic Harley, Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, Civil Air Patrol, Clarence Chamberlin, Clark Air Base, Clayton Lawrence Bissell, Clermont-Ferrand, Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, Clyde Pangborn, Coastal artillery, Colombey-les-Belles, Combat arms, Consolidated Aircraft, Cornell University, Corps, Corps area, Council of National Defense, Court-martial, Crowville, Louisiana, Cuban Eight, Curtiss CR, Curtiss JN-4, Curtiss Model R, Curtiss P-1 Hawk, Dawn-to-dusk transcontinental flight across the United States, Dayton, Ohio, Declaration of war, Delmar T. Spivey, Departmental Reorganization Act, Dick Calkins, Dick Grace, Distinguished Service Cross (United States), Division (military), Division of Military Aeronautics, Dogfight, Doolittle Raid, Douglas Campbell (aviator), Douglas, Arizona, Dwight Morrow, Eagle Pass, Texas, Eddie Rickenbacker, Edgar S. Gorrell, Eighth Air Force, Ellington Field Joint Reserve Base, Elliott White Springs, Erwin R. Bleckley, Eugene Luther Vidal, European theatre of World War II, Executive order, Field Artillery Branch (United States), Field Eugene Kindley, Film director, Fiorello H. La Guardia, First aerial circumnavigation, First Army Air Service, First lieutenant, Flirey, Florian Lampert, Flying ace, Foggia, Fokker D.VII, Fokker F.IV, Ford Island, Fort Bliss, France, Frank Hawks, Frank Luke, Frank P. Lahm, Fred D. Fagg Jr., Frederick Libby, General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper, George Augustus Vaughn Jr., George E. Stratemeyer, Georgia Institute of Technology, Germany, Gervais Raoul Lufbery, Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Governor of New Hampshire, Great Britain, Great Depression, Group (military aviation unit), Gutzon Borglum, Harold Ernest Goettler, Harold Fowler (RAF officer), Harry Stewart New, Hawaii, Henry H. Arnold, Henry Post Army Airfield, Hiram Bingham III, History of the Armée de l'Air (1909–1942), Hobey Baker, Hollywood, Howard Hawks, Hydrogen, I Corps (United States), I Corps Observation Group, Illinois, Imperial Russian Air Service, Infantry, Investment banking, Ira C. Eaker, Is-sur-Tille, Issoudun, Italy, Jacksonville Beach, Florida, James Fechet, James Norman Hall, Jimmy Doolittle, John A. Macready, John F. Curry, John Gilbert Winant, John J. Pershing, John Monk Saunders, John Purroy Mitchel, John W. Weeks, Kelly Field Annex, Killed in action, Koblenz, Lafayette Escadrille, Lafayette Flying Corps, Landing gear, Langley Air Force Base, Laredo, Texas, Latrecey-Ormoy-sur-Aube, Le Havre, Lee Hall, Virginia, LeRoy Prinz, List of Air Service American Expeditionary Force aerodromes in France, List of ambassadors of the United States to the United Kingdom, List of American Aero Squadrons, List of American Balloon Squadrons, Lowell Smith, Luftstreitkräfte, Luzon, Mackay Trophy, Main Navy and Munitions Buildings, Major general, March Air Reserve Base, Marfa, Texas, Martin MB-1, Martin NBS-1, Mason Patrick, Mass production, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Maxwell Air Force Base, Mayor of New York City, McAllen, Texas, McCook Field, Medal of Honor, Merian C. Cooper, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Michigan, Miller Field (Staten Island), Mitchel Air Force Base, Monoplane, Monroe, Louisiana, Mutiny on the Bounty, Natchez, Mississippi, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, National Air and Space Museum, National Air Races, Naval aviation, New Deal, New York (state), New York City, Nieuport 28, Nogales, Arizona, Nome, Alaska, Norman Z. McLeod, Oak leaf cluster, Oakley G. Kelly, Observation balloon, Odas Moon, Ohio State University, Organization of the Air Service of the American Expeditionary Force, Organization of the U.S. Army Air Service in 1925, Orly, Oscar Westover, Packard-Le Père LUSAC-11, Panama, Panama Canal Zone, Pancho Villa Expedition, Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Paul Frank Baer, Philadelphia, Philippine Scouts, Philippines, Pont-à-Mousson, Princeton University, Prisoner of war, Private first class, Propeller (aeronautics), Publicity stunt, Quentin Roosevelt, Ralph Royce, Raynal Bolling, Reed G. Landis, Reims, Reuben H. Fleet, Rin Tin Tin, Rockwell Field, Romorantin-Lanthenay, Roosevelt Field (airport), Roundel, Royal Air Force, Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5, Royal Flying Corps, Royaumeix, Saint-Maixent, Salient (military), Salmson 2, Sanderson, Texas, Schneider Trophy, Seattle, Second Army Air Service, Sedan, Ardennes, Selfridge Air National Guard Base, Signal Corps (United States Army), Silver Star, SPAD S.VII, SPAD S.XIII, Spruce, Spruce Production Division, St. Clair Streett, Staff (military), Stephen W. Cunningham, Stephen W. Thompson, Stutz Motor Company, Table (parliamentary procedure), Tenth Air Force, Texas, The New York Times, Theodore Roosevelt, Third Army Air Service, Thomas D. Milling, Thomas-Morse MB-3, Toronto, Tours, Townsend F. Dodd, Treaty of Versailles, U.S. Air Force aeronautical rating, U.S. Steel, United Airlines, United States, United States Air Force, United States Army, United States Army Air Corps, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Central, United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States Army Reserve, United States Army World War I Flight Training, United States Congress, United States Department of Justice, United States Department of State, United States Department of the Navy, United States Department of War, United States House of Representatives, United States Marine Corps, United States Military Academy, United States Navy, United States Postal Service, United States Senate, Unity of command, University of California, Berkeley, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, University of Southern California, University of Texas at Austin, Verville-Packard R-1 Racer, Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer, Villeneuve-Renneville-Chevigny, Vinets, Virginia, Washington (state), Washington, D.C., William A. Wellman, William L. Kenly, Wing, Woodrow Wilson, World War I, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Yale University, 103d Aero Squadron, 104th Fighter Squadron, 10th School Group, 11th Bomb Squadron, 11th School Group, 12th Reconnaissance Squadron, 147th Air Refueling Squadron, 1st Bombardment Wing, 1st Infantry Division (United States), 1st Operations Group, 1st Reconnaissance Squadron, 20th Bomb Squadron, 26th Infantry Division (United States), 27th Fighter Squadron, 2d Operations Group, 2d Special Operations Squadron, 3d Operations Group, 42nd Infantry Division (United States), 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron, 4th Composite Group, 5th Operations Group, 6th Operations Group, 7th Operations Group, 8th Special Operations Squadron, 90th Fighter Squadron, 91st Cyberspace Operations Squadron, 94th Fighter Squadron, 95th Fighter Squadron, 95th Reconnaissance Squadron, 96th Bomb Squadron, 9th Operations Group. Expand index (323 more) » « Shrink index
Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.
Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.
The Aeronautical Division, Signal Corps, Appendix 2 (1907–1914) was the first heavier-than-air military aviation organization in history and the progenitor of the United States Air Force.
The Air Corps Tactical School, also known as ACTS and "the Tactical School", was a military professional development school for officers of the United States Army Air Service and United States Army Air Corps, the first such school in the world.
An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare.
The Air Line Pilots Association, International (ALPA) is the largest pilot union in the world, representing more than 60,000 pilots from 34 U.S. and Canadian airlines.
Air Materiel Command (AMC) was a United States Army Air Forces and United States Air Force command.
The Air University (AU), headquartered at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, is a key component of the Air Education and Training Command (AETC), and is the U.S. Air Force's center for professional military education (PME).
The Airco DH.4 was a British two-seat biplane day bomber of the First World War.
The Aircraft Board was a United States federal government organization created from the Aircraft Production Board on October 1, 1917, by Act of Congress to provide statutory authority to the APB, which had been created by a resolution of the Council of National Defense on May 16, 1917.
Airlines for America (A4A), formerly known as Air Transport Association of America (ATA), is an American trade association and lobbying group based in Washington, D.C. that represents the largest airlines.
Airmail (or air mail) is a mail transport service branded and sold on the basis of at least one leg of its journey being by air.
Airmails of the United States or U.S. Air Mail was a service class of the United States Post Office Department and its successor United States Postal Service delivering mail flown by aircraft within the United States and its possessions and territories.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Albert Irénée Caquot (1 July 1881 – 28 November 1976) was considered as the "best living French engineer" during half a century.
Albert James Winegar (October 28, 1868 – April 30, 1935) was an American mechanical engineer and politician.
Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot (7 February 184213 January 1923) was a French politician, four times Prime Minister.
Alfred Victor Verville (November 16, 1890 – March 10, 1970) was an aviation pioneer and aircraft designer who contributed to civilian and military aviation.
The All American Pathfinders aeroplane unit was a squadron with 13 aircraft and associated road vehicles used in the "1919 Air Service Transcontinental Recruiting Convoy" from Hazelhurst Field to California that began on August 14, 1919.
Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).
The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.
In law and government, appropriation (from Latin appropriare, "to make one's own", later "to set aside") is the act of setting apart something for its application to a particular usage, to the exclusion of all other uses.
Apremont is a commune in the department of Ardennes in the Grand Est region of northern France.
An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
Major Arthur Harvey was born in Edom, Van Zandt County, Texas, on September 26, 1895.
Arthur Raymond Brooks (1 November 1895 – 17 July 1991) was an American World War I flying ace of the United States Army Air Service credited with shooting down multiple enemy aircraft.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.
Aviation medicine, also called flight medicine or aerospace medicine, is a preventive or occupational medicine in which the patients/subjects are pilots, aircrews, or astronauts.
The Aviation Section, Signal Corps, was the aerial warfare service of the United States from 1914 to 1918, and a direct statutory ancestor of the United States Air Force.
Avord is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
Étienne Dormoy (Vandoncourt, France, 10 February 1885 – San Diego, USA, 28 February 1959) was an aeronautical engineer and a designer of aircraft.
The Battle of Château-Thierry was fought on July 18, 1918 and was one of the first actions of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) under General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing.
The Battle of Saint-Mihiel was a major World War I battle fought from 12–15 September 1918, involving the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and 110,000 French troops under the command of General John J. Pershing of the United States against German positions.
Behonne is a commune in the Meuse department in the Grand Est region in northeastern France.
Benjamin Delahauf Foulois (December 9, 1879 – April 25, 1967) was a United States Army general who learned to fly the first military planes purchased from the Wright Brothers.
The Bering Strait (Берингов пролив, Beringov proliv, Yupik: Imakpik) is a strait of the Pacific, which borders with the Arctic to north.
William Lendrum Mitchell (December 29, 1879 – February 19, 1936) was a United States Army general who is regarded as the father of the United States Air Force.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
The Breguet 14 was a French biplane bomber and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Bron is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France.
The Bronze Star Medal, unofficially the Bronze Star, is a United States decoration awarded to members of the United States Armed Forces for either heroic achievement, heroic service, meritorious achievement, or meritorious service in a combat zone.
Brooks Air Force Base was a United States Air Force facility, located in San Antonio, Texas.
Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States.
The Buhl Aircraft Company is a US aircraft manufacturer founded in Detroit in 1925 with operation until 1933.
The Cabinet of the United States is part of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States that normally acts as an advisory body to the President of the United States.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Carl Andrew Spaatz (born Spatz; June 28, 1891 – July 14, 1974), nicknamed "Tooey", was an American World War II general.
Carlstrom Field is a former military airfield, located southeast of Arcadia, Florida.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
Chanute Air Force Base is a decommissioned United States Air Force facility, located in Champaign County, Illinois, south of and adjacent to Rantoul, Illinois, about south of Chicago.
Charles Andrew Willoughby (March 8, 1892 – October 25, 1972) was a major general in the U.S. Army, serving as General Douglas MacArthur's chief of intelligence during most of World War II and the Korean War.
Charles Forrest Curry (March 14, 1858 – October 10, 1930) was a U.S. Representative from California and the father of Charles Forrest Curry, Jr..
Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Lucky Lindy, The Lone Eagle, and Slim was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist.
Charles Bernard Nordhoff (February 1, 1887 – April 10, 1947) was an American novelist and traveler, born in England.
Major General Charles Thomas Menoher (March 20, 1862 – August 11, 1930) was a U.S. Army general, first Chief of the United States Army Air Service from 1918–1921, and commanded the U.S. Army Hawaiian Department from 1924–1925.
Charles William "Chic" Harley (September 15, 1894 – April 21, 1974) was one of the outstanding American football players of the first half of the 20th century and the player who first brought The Ohio State University football program to national attention.
The Chief of Staff of the Air Force (acronym: CSAF, or AF/CC) is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Air Force, and is the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Air Force, and as such is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Air Force; and is in a separate capacity a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and thereby a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President.
The Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is a congressionally chartered, federally supported non-profit corporation that serves as the official civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force (USAF).
Clarence Duncan Chamberlin (November 11, 1893 – October 31, 1976) was an American pioneer of aviation, being the second man to pilot a fixed-wing aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean, from New York to the European mainland, while carrying the first transatlantic passenger.
Clark Air Base is a Philippine Air Force base on Luzon Island in the Philippines, located west of Angeles, about northwest of Metro Manila.
Major General Clayton Lawrence Bissell (July 29, 1896 – December 24, 1972) was an air officer in the United States Army and United States Army Air Forces during World War I and World War II.
Clermont-Ferrand (Auvergnat Clharmou, Augustonemetum) is a city and commune of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, with a population of 141,569 (2012).
Clichy (sometimes unofficially Clichy-la-Garenne) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France.
Clyde Edward Pangborn (''c''. October 28, 1895 – March 29, 1958) also known as "Upside-Down Pangborn" was an American aviator and barnstormer who performed aerial stunts in the 1920s.
Coastal artillery is the branch of the armed forces concerned with operating anti-ship artillery or fixed gun batteries in coastal fortifications.
Colombey-les-Belles is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
Combat arms (or fighting arms in non-American parlance) is a collective name in a system of administrative military reference to those troops within national armed forces which participate in direct tactical ground combat.
The Consolidated Aircraft Corporation was founded in 1923 by Reuben H. Fleet in Buffalo, New York, the result of the Gallaudet Aircraft Company's liquidation and Fleet's purchase of designs from the Dayton-Wright Company as the subsidiary was being closed by its parent corporation, General Motors.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
A Corps area was a geographically-based organizational structure (military district) of the United States Army used to accomplish administrative, training and tactical tasks from 1920 to 1942.
The Council of National Defense was a United States organization formed during World War I to coordinate resources and industry in support of the war effort, including the coordination of transportation, industrial and farm production, financial support for the war, and public morale.
A court-martial or court martial (plural courts-martial or courts martial, as "martial" is a postpositive adjective) is a military court or a trial conducted in such a court.
Crowville is an unincorporated community in Franklin Parish, Louisiana, United States.
A Cuban Eight or Cuban 8 is a figure eight aerobatic maneuver for both full-scale and radio-controlled fixed-wing aircraft.
The Curtiss CR was a racing aircraft designed for the United States Navy in 1921 by Curtiss.
The Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" was one of a series of "JN" biplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York, later the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.
The Curtiss Model R was a utility aircraft produced for the United States Army and Navy during World War I. It was a conventional, two-bay biplane with slightly staggered wings of unequal span.
The P-1 Hawk (Curtiss Model 34) was a 1920s open-cockpit biplane fighter aircraft of the United States Army Air Corps.
The "Dawn to dusk" transcontinental flight across the United States was a pioneering aviation record established June 23, 1924.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
A declaration of war is a formal act by which one state goes to war against another.
Major General Delmar Taft Spivey (9 August 1905 – 18 January 1982) was an American military officer involved with aerial gunnery systems development, air education, and command structure.
The Departmental Reorganization Act (May 20, 1918), also known as the Overman Act, was an American law that increased presidential power during World War I. Sponsored by Sen.
Richard William "Dick" Calkins (August 12, 1894 – May 12, 1962), who often signed his work Lt.
Dick Grace (Richard Virgil Grace) (1 October 1898 – 25 June 1965) was born in Morris, Minnesota, and was an early stunt pilot who specialized in crashing planes for films.
The Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest military award that can be given to a member of the United States Army (and previously the United States Air Force), for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Division of Military Aeronautics was the name of the aviation organization of the United States Army for a four-day period during World War I. It was created by a reorganization by the War Department of the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps on April 24, 1918, still as part of the Signal Corps.
A dogfight, or dog fight, is an aerial battle between fighter aircraft, conducted at close range.
The Doolittle Raid, also known as the Tokyo Raid, on Saturday, April 18, 1942, was an air raid by the United States on the Japanese capital Tokyo and other places on the island of Honshu during World War II, the first air operation to strike the Japanese Home Islands.
Douglas Campbell (June 7, 1896 – October 16, 1990) was an American aviator and World War I flying ace.
Douglas is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States that lies in the north-west to south-east running San Bernardino Valley within which runs the Rio San Bernardino.
Dwight Whitney Morrow (January 11, 1873October 5, 1931) was an American businessman, diplomat, and politician of Scots-Irish descent, best known as the U.S. ambassador who improved U.S.-Mexican relations, mediating the religious conflict in Mexico known as the Cristero rebellion (1926–29), but also contributing to an easing of conflict between the two countries over oil.
Eagle Pass is a city in and the county seat of Maverick County in the U.S. state of Texas.
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker (October 8, 1890 – July 23, 1973) was an American fighter ace in World War I and Medal of Honor recipient.
Edgar Staley Gorrell (February 3, 1891—March 5, 1945) was an American military officer, aviation pioneer, historian, manufacturing entrepreneur, and advocate for the airline industry.
The Eighth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (8 AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).
Ellington Field Joint Reserve Base is a joint installation shared by various active component and reserve component military units, as well as aircraft flight operations of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) under the aegis of the nearby Johnson Space Center.
Elliott White Springs (July 31, 1896 – October 15, 1959), was a South Carolina businessman and an American flying ace of World War I, credited with shooting down 16 enemy aircraft.
Erwin R. Bleckley (born Erwin Russell Bleckley; December 30, 1894 – October 6, 1918) was a United States Army aviator during World War I, and posthumous recipient of the Medal of Honor, killed in action on October 6, 1918, near the "lost battalion". Bleckley entered service as a member of the Kansas National Guard, was commissioned as an artillery officer, then volunteered for aviation training and duty.
Eugene Luther "Gene" Vidal (April 13, 1895 – February 20, 1969) was an American commercial aviation pioneer, New Deal official, inventor and athlete.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
In the United States, an executive order is a directive issued by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and has the force of law.
The Field Artillery Branch of the United States Army was founded on 17 November 1775 by the Continental Congress, which unanimously elected Henry Knox "Colonel of the Regiment of Artillery".
Captain Field Eugene Kindley (13 March 1896 – 2 February 1920) was an American aviator and World War I flying ace credited with twelve confirmed aerial victories.
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film.
Fiorello Henry La Guardia (born Fiorello Enrico La Guardia) (December 11, 1882September 20, 1947) was an American politician.
The first aerial circumnavigation of the world was conducted in 1924 by a team of aviators of the United States Army Air Service, the precursor of the United States Air Force.
The First Army Air Service was an Air Service, United States Army unit that fought on the Western Front during World War I as part of the Air Service, First United States Army.
First lieutenant is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment.
Flirey is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
Florian Lampert (July 8, 1863 – July 18, 1930), was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives serving Wisconsin's 6th District.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
Foggia (Foggiano: Fògge) is a city and comune of Apulia, in southern Italy, capital of the province of Foggia.
The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker F.IV was an airliner designed in the Netherlands in the early 1920s, with only two ever made, both for the United States Army Air Service.
Ford Island (PokaAilana) is an islet in the center of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
Fort Bliss is a United States Army post in the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas, with its headquarters located in El Paso, Texas.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frank Monroe Hawks (March 28, 1897 - August 23, 1938) was a pilot in the United States Army Air Service during World War I and was known during the 1920s and 1930s as a record breaking aviator, using a series of Texaco-sponsored aircraft, setting 214 point-to-point records in the United States and Europe.
Frank Luke Jr. (May 19, 1897 – September 29, 1918) was an American fighter ace, ranking second among U.S. Army Air Service pilots after Captain Eddie Rickenbacker in number of aerial victories during World War I (Rickenbacker was credited with 26 victories, while Luke's official score was 18).
Frank Purdy Lahm (November 17, 1877 – July 7, 1963) was an American aviation pioneer, the "nation's first military aviator", and a general officer in the United States Army Air Corps and Army Air Forces.
Fred Dow Fagg Jr. was president of the University of Southern California between 1947 and 1957.
Captain Frederick Libby (15 July 1891 – 9 January 1970) became the first American flying ace, while serving as an observer in the Royal Flying Corps during World War I. Libby transferred to the United States Army Air Service on 15 September 1917.
The General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (sometimes called Predator B) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight operations, developed by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems (GA-ASI) primarily for the United States Air Force (USAF).
George Augustus Vaughn Jr. (May 20, 1897 – July 31, 1989) was an American fighter ace in World War I and Distinguished Service Cross, Britain's Distinguished Flying Cross, and Silver Star recipient.
Lieutenant General George Edward Stratemeyer (24 November 1890 – 11 August 1969) was World War II chief of Air Staff and United States Air Force Far East Air Forces commander during the first year of the Korean War.
The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly referred to as Georgia Tech, is a public research university and institute of technology in Atlanta, Georgia.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Gervais Raoul Victor Lufbery (March 14, 1885 – May 19, 1918) was a French and American fighter pilot and flying ace in World War I. Because he served in both the French Air Force, and later the United States Army Air Service in World War I, he is sometimes listed alternately as a French ace or as an American ace.
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company is an American multinational tire manufacturing company founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling and based in Akron, Ohio.
The Governor of New Hampshire is the head of the executive branch of New Hampshire's state government.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
A group is a military aviation unit, a component of military organization and a military formation.
John Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum (March 25, 1867 – March 6, 1941) was an American artist and sculptor.
Harold Ernest Goettler (July 21, 1890 – October 6, 1918) was a U.S. Army Air Service aviator killed in action on October 6, 1918 while locating the Lost Battalion of the 77th Division during World War I. He died of wounds resulting from German fire from the ground during the flight.
Group Captain Harold Fowler (1886 – 17 January 1957) was a British soldier, aviator, banker, big game hunter and steeplechase jockey.
Harry Stewart New (December 31, 1858 – May 9, 1937) was a U.S. politician, journalist, and Spanish–American War veteran.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force.
Henry Post Army Airfield is a military use airport located at Fort Sill in Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States.
Hiram Bingham III (November 19, 1875 – June 6, 1956) was an American academic, explorer and politician. He made public the existence of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu in 1911 with the guidance of local indigenous farmers. Later, Bingham served as a member of the United States Senate for the state of Connecticut.
The Armée de l'Air (literally, "army of the air") is the name used for the French Air Force in its native language since it was made independent of the Army in 1933.
Hobart Amory Hare "Hobey" Baker (January 15, 1892 – December 21, 1918) was an American amateur athlete of the early twentieth century.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
Howard Winchester Hawks (May 30, 1896December 26, 1977) was an American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
I Corps "America's Corps" is a corps of the United States Army headquartered in Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington.
The I Corps Observation Group was an Air Service, United States Army unit that fought on the Western Front during World War I as part of the Air Service, First United States Army.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Imperial Russian Air Service (Императорскiй военно-воздушный флотъ, literally Emperor's Military Air Fleet) was an air force founded in 1912 for Imperial Russia.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
An investment bank is typically a private company that provides various finance-related and other services to individuals, corporations, and governments such as raising financial capital by underwriting or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities.
General Ira Clarence Eaker (April 13, 1896 – August 6, 1987) was a general of the United States Army Air Forces during World War II.
Is-sur-Tille is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté France.
Issoudun is a commune in the Indre department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jacksonville Beach is a coastal resort city in Duval County, Florida, United States.
James Edmond Fechet (August 21, 1877 – February 10, 1948) was a major general in the United States Army and the Chief of Air Corps 1927–1931.
James Norman Hall (22 April 1887 – 5 July 1951) was an American author best known for the novel Mutiny on the Bounty with co-author Charles Nordhoff.
James Harold Doolittle (December 14, 1896 – September 27, 1993) was an American aviation pioneer.
John Arthur Macready (October 14, 1887 – September 15, 1979) was an American test pilot and aviator.
Major General John Francis Curry (April 22, 1886 – March 4, 1973) was the first national commander of the Civil Air Patrol, the United States Air Force Auxiliary.
John Gilbert Winant OM (February 23, 1889 – November 3, 1947) was an American politician with the Republican party after a brief career as a teacher in Concord, New Hampshire.
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
John Monk Saunders (November 22, 1897 – March 11, 1940) was an American novelist, screenwriter, and film director.
John Purroy Mitchel (July 19, 1879 – July 6, 1918) was the 95th mayor of New York from 1914 to 1917.
John Wingate Weeks (April 11, 1860July 12, 1926) was an American politician in the Republican Party.
Kelly Field Annex (formerly Kelly Air Force Base) is a United States Air Force facility located in San Antonio, Texas.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
Koblenz (Coblence), spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a German city situated on both banks of the Rhine where it is joined by the Moselle.
The La Fayette Escadrille (Escadrille de La Fayette) was a U.S. volunteer unit constituted in 1916 under French command, who came forth to help France during World War I. The escadrille of the ''Aéronautique Militaire'', was composed largely of American volunteer pilots flying fighters.
The Lafayette Flying Corps is a name given to the American volunteer pilots who flew in the French Air Force (Armée de l'Air) during World War I. It includes the pilots who flew with the bona fide Lafayette Escadrille squadron.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
Langley Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located adjacent to Hampton and Newport News, Virginia.
Laredo is the county seat of Webb County, Texas, United States, on the north bank of the Rio Grande in South Texas, across from Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico.
Latrecey-Ormoy-sur-Aube is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Lee Hall is a former unincorporated town (or village) long located in the former Warwick County.
LeRoy Jerome Prinz (July 14, 1895 – September 15, 1983) was an American choreographer, director and producer, who was involved in the production of dozens of motion pictures, mainly for Paramount Pictures and Warner Brothers, from 1929 through 1958, and also choreographed Broadway musicals.
When the United States entered World War I on 6 April 1917, the Air Service of the United States Army existed only as a branch of the Signal Corps, and was known by the name of Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps.
The United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (known formally in the United Kingdom as Ambassador of the United States to the Court of St James's) is the official representative of the President and the Government of the United States of America to the Queen and Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
This is a partial list of original Air Service, United States Army "Aero Squadrons" before and during World War I. Units formed after 1 January 1919 are not listed.
This is a list of United States Army Balloon Squadrons, and companies organized under the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, and serving overseas with the United States Army Air Service, before and during World War I. At the start of World War I, observation balloon units were organized into companies, squadrons, and wings.
Lowell Herbert Smith (October 8, 1892—November 4, 1945) was a pioneer American airman who piloted the first airplane to receive a complete mid-air refueling (along with Lt. John P. Richter) on June 27, 1923, and later set an endurance record of 37 hours on August 28, both in a De Havilland DH-4B.
The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte (German Air Force)—known before October 1916 as the Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches (Imperial German Flying Corps) or simply Die Fliegertruppe—was the World War I (1914–18) air arm of the German Army, of which it remained an integral part.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
The Mackay Trophy is awarded yearly by the United States Air Force for the "most meritorious flight of the year" by an Air Force person, persons, or organization.
The Main Navy and Munitions Buildings were constructed in 1918 along Constitution Avenue (then known as B Street) on Washington, D.C.'s National Mall (Potomac Park), to provide temporary quarters for the United States Military.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
March Air Reserve Base (March ARB), previously known as March Air Force Base (March AFB) is located in Riverside County, California between the cities of Riverside, Moreno Valley, and Perris.
Marfa is a city in the high desert of the Trans-Pecos in far West Texas, located between the Davis Mountains and Big Bend National Park.
The Martin MB-1 was an American large biplane bomber designed and built by the Glenn L. Martin Company for the United States Army Air Service in 1918.
The Martin NBS-1 was a military aircraft of the United States Army Air Service and its successor, the Air Corps.
Mason Mathews Patrick (December 13, 1863 – January 29, 1942) was a general officer in the United States Army who led the United States Army Air Service during and after World War I and became the first Chief of the Army Air Corps when it was created on July 2, 1926.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Maxwell Air Force Base, officially known as Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, is a United States Air Force (USAF) installation under the Air Education and Training Command (AETC).
The Mayor of the City of New York is head of the executive branch of New York City's government.
McAllen is the largest city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States, and the twenty-second most populous city in Texas.
McCook Field was an airfield and aviation experimentation station in Ohio.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
Merian Caldwell Cooper (October 24, 1893 – April 21, 1973) was an American aviator, United States Air Force and Polish Air Force officer, adventurer, screenwriter, film director, and producer.
The Meuse-Argonne Offensive (also known as Battles of the Meuse-Argonne and the Meuse-Argonne Campaign) was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Miller Field was a United States Army facility on Staten Island, New York, in New Dorp.
Mitchel Air Force Base also known as Mitchel Field, was a United States Air Force base located on the Hempstead Plains of Long Island, New York, United States.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
Monroe (historically accessdate) is the eighth-largest city in the U.S. state of Louisiana.
The mutiny on the Royal Navy vessel took place in the south Pacific on 28 April 1789.
Natchez is the county seat and only city of Adams County, Mississippi, United States.
The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Air Races (also known as Pulitzer Trophy Races) are a series of pylon and cross-country races that took place in the United States since 1920.
Naval aviation is the application of military air power by navies, whether from warships that embark aircraft, or land bases.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The Nieuport 28 C.1 was a French biplane fighter aircraft flown during World War I, built by Nieuport and designed by Gustave Delage.
Nogales is a city in Santa Cruz County, Arizona.
Nome (Siqnazuaq) is a city in the Nome Census Area in the Unorganized Borough of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Norman Zenos McLeod (September 20, 1898 – January 27, 1964) was an American film director, cartoonist, and writer.
An oak leaf cluster is a miniature bronze or silver twig of four oak leaves with three acorns on the stem that is authorized by the United States Armed Forces as a ribbon device for a specific set of decorations and awards of the Department of Defense, Department of the Army, and Department of the Air Force to denote subsequent decorations and awards.
Oakley George Kelly (December 3, 1891 – June 5, 1966) was a record setting pilot for the United States Army Air Service.
An observation balloon is a type of balloon that is employed as an aerial platform for intelligence gathering and artillery spotting.
Odas Moon (February 11, 1892 – November 19, 1937) was an American aviation pioneer who was among a team of United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) aviators to break endurance records by performing aerial refueling.
The Ohio State University, commonly referred to as Ohio State or OSU, is a large, primarily residential, public university in Columbus, Ohio.
The Organization of the Air Service of the American Expeditionary Force on November 11, 1918 represents its maximum strength in World War I. Units of the Air Service are listed as assigned to the order of battle for that date, which was that of the Armistice with Germany.
The Organization of the U.S. Army Air Service in 1925 is a snapshot of that service from its final major organizational change in June 1924, when the 1st Wing (then a training establishment) was inactivated, to its name change in July 1926 to the Air Corps.
Orly is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
Oscar M. Westover (July 23, 1883 – September 21, 1938) was a major general and fourth chief of the United States Army Air Corps.
The LUSAC-11 (Lepère United States Army Combat) was an early American two-seat fighter aircraft.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The Panama Canal Zone (Zona del Canal de Panamá) was an unincorporated territory of the United States from 1903 to 1979, centered on the Panama Canal and surrounded by the Republic of Panama.
The Pancho Villa Expedition—now known officially in the United States as the Mexican Expedition, but originally referred to as the "Punitive Expedition, U.S. Army"—was a military operation conducted by the United States Army against the paramilitary forces of Mexican revolutionary Francisco "Pancho" Villa from March 14, 1916, to February 7, 1917, during the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920.
Pau is a commune on the northern edge of the Pyrenees, and capital of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques Département in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.
First Lieutenant Paul Frank Baer was an American World War I flying ace credited with nine confirmed victories and seven unconfirmed victory claims.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Philippine Scouts (Filipino: Maghahanap ng Pilipinas or Hukbong Maghahanap ng Pilipinas) was a military organization of the United States Army from 1901 until the end of World War II and disbanded in 1948 by the Philippines Government after the country's independence.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pont-à-Mousson is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Private First Class (PFC) is a military rank held by junior enlisted personnel.
An aircraft propeller, or airscrew,Beaumont, R.A.; Aeronautical Engineering, Odhams, 1942, Chapter 13, "Airscrews".
A publicity stunt is a planned event designed to attract the public's attention to the event's organizers or their cause.
Quentin Roosevelt (November 19, 1897 – July 14, 1918) was the youngest son of President Theodore Roosevelt and First Lady Edith Roosevelt.
Ralph Royce (28 June 1890 – 7 August 1965) was a United States Army Air Forces general during World War II.
Raynal Cawthorne BollingThe given name "Raynal" is pronounced as in "canal." (September 1, 1877 – March 26, 1918) was the first high-ranking officer of the United States Army to be killed in combat in World War I. A corporate lawyer by vocation, he became an early Army aviator and the organizer of both of the first units in what ultimately became the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserve Command.
Colonel Reed Gresham Landis (July 17, 1896 – May 30, 1975) was an American military aviator and the only son of federal judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, the first Commissioner of Baseball.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
Reuben Hollis Fleet (March 6, 1887 – October 29, 1975) was an American aviation pioneer, industrialist and army officer.
Rin Tin Tin (often hyphenated as Rin-Tin-Tin; September 1918 – August 10, 1932) was a male German Shepherd that was an international star in motion pictures.
Rockwell Field is a former United States Army Air Corps military airfield, located northwest of the city of Coronado, California on the northern part of the Coronado Peninsula across the bay from San Diego, California.
Romorantin-Lanthenay is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in central France.
Roosevelt Field is a former airport, located east-southeast of Mineola, Long Island, New York.
A roundel is a circular disc used as a symbol.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 was a British biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
Royaumeix is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
Saint-Maixent is a commune in the Sarthe department in the region of Pays-de-la-Loire in north-western France.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The Salmson 2, (given the military designation Salmson 2.A2) was a French biplane reconnaissance aircraft made by Salmson.
Sanderson is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Terrell County, Texas, United States.
The Coupe d'Aviation Maritime Jacques Schneider, commonly called the Schneider Trophy or Schneider Prize (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Schneider Cup, a different prize), was a trophy awarded annually (and later, biannually) to the winner of a race for seaplanes and flying boats.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
The Second Army Air Service was an Air Service, United States Army unit that fought on the Western Front during World War I as part of the Air Service, Second United States Army.
Sedan is a commune in the Ardennes department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France.
Selfridge Air National Guard Base or Selfridge ANGB is an Air National Guard installation located in Harrison Township, Michigan, near Mount Clemens.
The United States Army Signal Corps (USASC) develops, tests, provides, and manages communications and information systems support for the command and control of combined arms forces.
The Silver Star Medal, unofficially the Silver Star, is the United States Armed Forces's third-highest personal decoration for valor in combat.
The SPAD S.VII was the first of a series of highly successful biplane fighter aircraft produced by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) during the First World War.
The SPAD S.XIII was a French biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War, developed by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) from the earlier and highly successful SPAD S.VII. During early 1917, the French designer Louis Béchereau, spurred by the approaching obsolescence of the S.VII, decided to develop two new fighter aircraft, the S.XII and the S.XIII, both utilizing a powerful new geared version of the successful Hispano-Suiza 8A engine. The cannon armament of the S.XII was unpopular with most pilots, but the S.XIII proved to be one of the most capable fighters of the war, as well as one of the most-produced, with 8,472 built and orders for around 10,000 more cancelled at the Armistice.Sharpe 2000, p. 272. By the end of the First World War, the S.XIII had equipped virtually every fighter squadron of the ''Aéronautique Militaire''. In addition, the United States Army Air Service also procured the type in bulk during the conflict, and some replaced or supplemented S.VIIs in the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), pending the arrival of Sopwith Dolphins. It proved popular with its pilots; numerous aces from various nations flew the S.XIII during their flying careers. Following the signing of the Armistice of 11 November 1918, which effectively marked the end of the First World War, surplus S.XIIIs were sold in great numbers to both civil and military operators throughout the world.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
The Spruce Production Division was a unit of the United States Army that was established in 1917 to produce high-quality Sitka spruce timber and other wood products needed to make aircraft for the United States' efforts in World War I. The division was part of the Army Signal Corps's Aviation Section.
A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.
Stephen W. Cunningham (July 29, 1886 – July 28, 1956) was the first graduate manager at the Southern Branch of the University of California, later UCLA, and a member of the Los Angeles City Council from 1933 to 1941.
Stephen W. Thompson (March 20, 1894 – October 9, 1977) was an American aviator of World War I. Flying as a gunner on a French aircraft in February 1918, he became the first member of the United States military to shoot down an enemy aircraft.
The Stutz Motor Company was an American producer of luxury cars based in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.
In parliamentary procedure, the verb to table has the opposite meaning in different countries.
The Tenth Air Force (10 AF) is a unit of the U.S. Air Force, specifically a numbered air force of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC).
Texas (Texas or Tejas) is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
The Third Army Air Service was an Air Service, United States Army organization stationed in France and Occupied Germany in the immediate aftermath of World War I. It was demobilized in Germany on 2 July 1919.
Thomas DeWitt Milling (July 31, 1887 – November 26, 1960) was a pioneer of military aviation and a brigadier general in the U.S. Army Air Corps.
The Thomas-Morse MB-3 was an open-cockpit biplane fighter primarily manufactured by the Boeing Company for the U.S. Army Air Service in 1922.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Tours is a city located in the centre-west of France.
Townsend Foster Dodd (6 March 1886 – 5 October 1919) was the first commissioned US Army aviator.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
U.S. Air Force aeronautical ratings are military aviation skill standards established and awarded by the United States Air Force for commissioned officers participating in "regular and frequent flight",The standard by which flight status has been defined in law, executive orders, and regulations since 1913.
United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America between 1926 and 1941.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Central, formerly the Third United States Army, commonly referred to as the Third Army and as ARCENT is a military formation of the United States Army, which saw service in World War I and World War II, in the 1991 Gulf War, and in the coalition occupation of Iraq.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
The United States Army Reserve (USAR) is the federal reserve force of the United States Army.
With the purchase of its first airplane, built and successfully flown by Orville and Wilbur Wright, in 1909 the United States Army began the training of flight personnel.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States Department of the Navy (DoN) was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798 (initiated by the recommendation of James McHenry),Bernard C. Steiner and James McHenry, (Cleveland: Burrows Brothers Co., 1907).
The United States Department of War, also called the War Department (and occasionally War Office in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, also bearing responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department in 1798, and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Unity of command is ensuring unity of effort under one responsible person (or commander) for completing a task.
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
The University of Southern California (USC or SC) is a private research university in Los Angeles, California.
The University of Texas at Austin (UT, UT Austin, or Texas) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
The Verville-Packard R-1 Racer was a military racing aircraft that was modified from Alfred V. Verville's previous Verville VCP-1 design.
The Verville-Sperry R-3 Racer was a cantilever wing monoplane with a streamlined fuselage and the second aircraft with fully retractable landing gear, the first being the Dayton-Wright Racer.
Villeneuve-Renneville-Chevigny is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
Vinets is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
William Augustus Wellman (February 29, 1896 – December 9, 1975) was an American film director notable for his work in crime, adventure and action genre films, often focusing on aviation themes, a particular passion.
William Lacy Kenly (February 18, 1865 – January 10, 1928) was a major general in the United States Army.
A wing is a type of fin that produces lift, while moving through air or some other fluid.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
The 103d Aero Squadron was an aviation pursuit squadron of the U.S. Air Service that served in combat in France during World War I. Its original complement included pilots from the disbanded Lafayette Escadrille and Lafayette Flying Corps.
The 104th Fighter Squadron (104 FS) is a unit of the Maryland Air National Guard 175th Wing stationed at Warfield Air National Guard Base, Middle River, Maryland.
The 10th School Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
The 11th Bomb Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force, 2d Operations Group, 2d Bomb Wing located at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.
The 11th School Group was a United States Army Air Service and United States Army Air Corps unit.
The 12th Reconnaissance Squadron is a United States Air Force squadron, assigned to the 69th Reconnaissance Group at Grand Forks Air Force Base, North Dakota, and operates from Beale Air Force Base, California.
The 147th Air Refueling Squadron is a unit of the Pennsylvania Air National Guard 171st Air Refueling Wing located at Pittsburgh IAP Air Reserve Station, Pennsylvania.
The 1st Bombardment Wing is a disbanded United States Army Air Force unit.
The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.
The 1st Operations Group (1 OG) is the flying component of the 1st Fighter Wing, assigned to the USAF Air Combat Command.
The 1st Reconnaissance Squadron (1 RS) is a United States Air Force squadron, assigned to the 9th Operations Group, Beale Air Force Base, California.
The 20th Bomb Squadron is a unit of the 2d Operations Group of the United States Air Force located at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.
The 26th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
The 27th Fighter Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force 1st Operations Group located at Joint Base Langley–Eustis, Virginia.
The 2d Operations Group (2 OG) is the flying component of the United States Air Force 2d Bomb Wing, assigned to the Air Force Global Strike Command Eighth Air Force.
The 2d Special Operations Squadron (2 SOS) is an Air Force Reserve Command unit, assigned to the 919th Operations Group.
The 3d Operations Group is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 3d Wing.
The 42nd Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow") is a division of the United States Army National Guard.
The 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron is an active United States Air Force unit.
The 4th Composite Group is an inactive United States Army Air Corps unit.
The 5th Operations Group (5 OG) is an operational component of the United States Air Force 5th Bomb Wing, stationed at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota.
The 6th Operations Group (6 OG) is the operational flying component of the 6th Air Mobility Wing, stationed at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.
The 7th Operations Group is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 7th Bomb Wing, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas.
The 8th Special Operations Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 90th Fighter Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 91st Cyberspace Operations Squadron is an active United States Air Force unit, currently assigned to the 67th Cyberspace Wing at Kelly Annex, part of Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.
The 94th Fighter Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force 1st Operations Group located at Joint Base Langley–Eustis, Virginia.
The 95th Fighter Squadron is a United States F-22 Raptor squadron at Tyndall Air Force Base.
The 95th Reconnaissance Squadron is a squadron of the United States Air Force.
The 96th Bomb Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force 2d Operations Group located at Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana.
The 9th Operations Group is the operational flying component of the 9th Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Beale Air Force Base, California.