225 relations: Alexander Patch, Algiers, Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, Allied Air Command, Allied Command Transformation, Allied Force Command Heidelberg, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum, Allied Joint Force Command Naples, Allied Land Command, Allied Maritime Command, Allied Rapid Reaction Corps, Ankara, Ansbach, Area of responsibility, Army Ground Forces, Army National Guard, Army Service Forces, Arrowhead device, Aviano Air Base, İzmir, Balkans, Battle of the Bulge, Baumholder, Bell AH-1 Cobra, Bell OH-58 Kiowa, Bell UH-1 Iroquois variants, Berlin Blockade, Berlin Wall, BGM-71 TOW, Black Sea Rotational Force, Boeing AH-64 Apache, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bradley, Brigade combat team, Brigadegeneral, Brunssum, Brussels, Bydgoszcz, Camp Bondsteel, Campbell Barracks, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Cold War, Combat, Commanding General, United States Army Europe, Communications Zone, Constanța, Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Croatia, Czech Republic, ..., Dayton Agreement, Distinctive unit insignia, East Germany, Edward Pimental, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Estonia, European Theater of Operations, United States Army, European theatre of World War II, Exercise Reforger, Ferizaj, Field army, Fort Bliss, Fort Riley, France, Frederick Kroesen, German Army, German reunification, Germany, Giugliano in Campania, Grafenwöhr, Greece, Grumman OV-1 Mohawk, Gulf War, Headquarters, Headquarters Rapid Reaction Corps – France, I Armored Corps (United States), I. German/Dutch Corps, Implementation Force, Ingolstadt, Innsworth, Iraq, Iraq War, Istanbul, Italy, Jane's Intelligence Review, Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre, Joint Force Training Centre, Joint Warfare Centre, Kaiserslautern, Kansas, Kosovo Force, Latino, Leonard D. Heaton, Lieutenant general (United States), Lille, Lisbon, Lucius D. Clay Kaserne, M1 Abrams, M113 armored personnel carrier, M14 rifle, M151 ¼-ton 4×4 utility truck, M16 rifle, M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System, M48 Patton, M59 armored personnel carrier, M60 machine gun, M60 Patton, Madrid, Major general (United States), Münster, Mediterranean Sea, Mediterranean Theater of Operations, Meritorious Unit Citation, Mihail Kogălniceanu International Airport, Military budget of the United States, Military organization, MIM-104 Patriot, Mons, Multinational Corps Northeast, Munich, Naples, NATO, NATO CIS School, NATO Communications and Information Agency, NATO Rapid Deployable Corps – Italy, NATO Rapid Deployable Spanish Corps, NDC-GR, Netherlands, Norfolk, North Africa, Northwood Headquarters, Norway, Nuremberg, Office of Military Government, United States, Operation Dragoon, Operation Overlord, Operation Provide Comfort, Palermo, Poland, Portugal, RAF Lakenheath, Ramstein Air Base, Raymond T. Odierno, Republic of Macedonia, Revolutions of 1989, Rhine, Romania, Saar (river), Saint-Raphaël, Var, Saint-Tropez, Schinnen, Schweinfurt, Sembach, September 11 attacks, Seventh United States Army, Shoulder sleeve insignia, Sicily, Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, Skopje, Solbiate Olona, Soviet Union, Spain, Spangdahlem Air Base, Specialist (rank), Stars and Stripes (newspaper), Stavanger, Stryker, Superior Unit Award, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Szczecin, Tallinn, Task Force East, The Hague, Theater (warfare), Thessaloniki, Third Air Force, Turkey, United Kingdom, United Nations Protection Force, United States, United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa, United States Army, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Criminal Investigation Command, United States Army Installation Management Command, United States Army Reserve, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of the Army, United States European Command, United States Marine Corps, V Corps (United States), Valencia, Vicenza, VII Corps (United States), Vilseck, Vyškov, Warner Barracks, Warsaw Pact, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Wiesbaden, Winter Line, World War II, Yeovilton, 10th Army Air and Missile Defense Command, 12th Combat Aviation Brigade, 16th Sustainment Brigade, 170th Infantry Brigade (United States), 172nd Infantry Brigade (United States), 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team, 18th Military Police Brigade (United States), 1958 Lebanon crisis, 1st Armored Division (United States), 1st Army (France), 1st Infantry Division (United States), 21st Theater Sustainment Command, 28th Infantry Division (United States), 2d Signal Brigade (United States), 2nd Armored Division (United States), 2nd Cavalry Regiment (United States), 3rd Corps (Turkey), 43rd Infantry Division (United States), 4th Infantry Division (United States), 56th Field Artillery Command, 66th Military Intelligence Brigade, 7th Army Training Command. Expand index (175 more) » « Shrink index
General Alexander McCarrell "Sandy" Patch (November 23, 1889 – November 21, 1945) was a senior United States Army officer, who fought in both World War I and World War II.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
The Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine was a phase in the Western European Campaign of World War II.
The Allied Air Command (AIRCOM) is the central command of all NATO air forces and the Commander Allied Air Command is the prime air advisor to the Alliance.
Allied Command Transformation (ACT; Le Commandement allié Transformation) is a NATO military command, which was formed in 2003 after North Atlantic Treaty Organisation restructuring.
Allied Force Command Heidelberg (HQ FC HD) was a unit with the NATO Military Command Structure responsible for providing Deployable Joint Staff Elements (DJSE) in support of NATO operations worldwide.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum (JFCBS) is a NATO command at Brunssum, the Netherlands.
Allied Joint Force Command (JFC) Naples (JFC Naples) is a NATO military command based in Lago Patria, in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Italy—the base was formerly located in the Bagnoli quarter of Naples.
Allied Land Command (LANDCOM) is the standing headquarters for NATO land forces which may be assigned as necessary.
Allied Maritime Command (MARCOM) is the central command of all NATO maritime forces and the Commander MARCOM is the prime maritime advisor to the Alliance.
The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation High Readiness Force (Land) Headquarters ready for deployment worldwide.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Ansbach is a city in the German state of Bavaria.
Area of Responsibility (AOR) is a pre-defined geographic region assigned to Combatant commanders of the Unified Command Plan (UCP), that are used to define an area with specific geographic boundaries where they have the authority to plan and conduct operations; for which a force, or component commander bears a certain responsibility.
The Army Ground Forces were one of the three autonomous components of the Army of the United States during World War II, the others being the Army Air Forces and Army Service Forces.
The Army National Guard (ARNG), in conjunction with the Air National Guard, is a militia force and a federal military reserve force of the United States.
The Army Service Forces were one of the three autonomous components of the Army of the United States during World War II, the others being the Army Air Forces and Army Ground Forces.
The Arrowhead device is a miniature bronze arrowhead that may be worn on campaign, expedition, and service medals and ribbons to denote participation in an amphibious assault landing, combat parachute jump, helicopter assault landing, or combat glider landing by a service member of the United States Army or United States Air Force.
Aviano Air Base (Base aerea di Aviano) is a NATO base in northeastern Italy, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.
İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
Baumholder is a town in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, in the Westrich, an historic region that encompasses areas in both Germany and France.
The Bell AH-1 Cobra is a two-blade, single-engine attack helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopter. It was developed using the engine, transmission and rotor system of the Bell UH-1 Iroquois. A member of the prolific Huey family, the AH-1 is also referred to as the HueyCobra or Snake. The AH-1 was the backbone of the United States Army's attack helicopter fleet, but has been replaced by the AH-64 Apache in Army service. Upgraded versions continue to fly with the militaries of several other nations. The AH-1 twin-engine versions remain in service with United States Marine Corps (USMC) as the service's primary attack helicopter. Surplus AH-1 helicopters have been converted for fighting forest fires.
The Bell OH-58 Kiowa is a family of single-engine, single-rotor, military helicopters used for observation, utility, and direct fire support.
The Bell UH-1 Iroquois military helicopter, first introduced in 1959, is the first production member of the prolific Huey family of helicopters, and was itself developed in over twenty variants, which are listed below.
The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948–12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.
The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
The BGM-71 TOW ("Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided") is an American anti-tank missile.
Black Sea Rotational Force began in 2010 with the purpose to form a Security Cooperation Marine Air-Ground Task Force.
The Boeing AH-64 Apache is an American twin-turboshaft attack helicopter with a tailwheel-type landing gear arrangement and a tandem cockpit for a two-man crew.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Bradley is an English surname derived from a place name meaning "broad wood" or "broad meadow" in Old English.
The brigade combat team (BCT) is the basic deployable unit of maneuver in the US Army.
Brigadegeneral, short BrigGen, (en: brigadier general) is the lowest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer), German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
Brunssum (Broensem) is a municipality and a town in the province of Limburg in the Netherlands.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Bydgoszcz (Bromberg; Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers.
Camp Bondsteel is the main base of the United States Army under KFOR command in Kosovo.
Campbell Barracks, in Heidelberg, Germany, was the location of the Headquarters of the United States Army in Europe and Seventh Army (HQ USAREUR/7A), as well as V Corps and the headquarters of NATO’s Component Command-Land Headquarters, Heidelberg.
The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Army.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Combat (French for fight) is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed.
The Commanding General, United States Army Europe (USAREUR)June 8, 1942, activated as European Theater of Operations, U.S. Army (ETOUSA); July 1, 1945, redesignated U.S. Forces European Theater (USFET); March 15, 1947, redesignated European Command (EUCOM); August 1, 1952, redesignated U.S. Army, Europe (USAREUR); December 1, 1966, redesignated U.S. Army, Europe and Seventh Army (USAREUR / 7A) was formerly known as the "Commander in Chief of United States Army Europe" (CINCUSAREUR).
Communications Zone is a US Army and NATO term which describes a part of the theater of war operations.
Constanța (Κωνστάντζα or Κωνστάντια, Konstantia, Кюстенджа or Констанца, Köstence), historically known as Tomis (Τόμις), is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Romania.
NATO CCD COE, officially the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (K5 or NATO küberkaitsekoostöö keskus) is one of NATO Centres of Excellence, located in Tallinn, Estonia.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Dayton Agreement, Dayton Accords, Paris Protocol or Dayton–Paris Agreement, (Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Dejtonski mirovni sporazum, Daytonski sporazum) is the peace agreement reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, United States, in November 1995, and formally signed in Paris, France, on 14 December 1995.
A distinctive unit insignia (DUI) is a metallic heraldic badge or device worn by soldiers in the United States Army.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Edward F. Pimental (June 19, 1965 – August 8, 1985) was an American soldier of the United States Army who was killed by the Red Army Faction in West Germany.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
The European Theater of Operations, United States Army (ETOUSA) was a United States Army formation which directed US Army operations in parts of Europe from 1942 to 1945.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
Exercise Campaign Reforger (from return of forces to '''Ger'''many) was an annual exercise and campaign conducted, during the Cold War, by NATO.
Ferizaj (Ferizaji), or Uroševac (Урошевац; old name: Ferizović (Феризовић)), is a city and municipality located in the Ferizaj District of Kosovo.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
Fort Bliss is a United States Army post in the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas, with its headquarters located in El Paso, Texas.
Fort Riley is a United States Army installation located in North Central Kansas, on the Kansas River, also known as the Kaw, between Junction City and Manhattan.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frederick James Kroesen, Jr. (born February 11, 1923) is a United States Army four-star general and was the Commanding General of the Seventh United States Army and the commander of NATO Central Army Group from 1979 to 1983, and Commanding General, United States Army Forces Command from 1976 to 1978.
The German Army (Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Giugliano in Campania, also known simply as Giugliano, is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Campania, Italy.
Grafenwöhr (Northern Bavarian: Groafawehr) is a town in the district Neustadt (Waldnaab), in the region of the Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) in eastern Bavaria, Germany.
The Grumman OV-1 Mohawk was an armed military observation and attack aircraft, designed for battlefield surveillance and light strike capabilities.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Headquarters (commonly referred to as HQ or HD) is/are the locations where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
Headquarters Rapid Reaction Corps-France (HQ RRC-FR), created on 1 July 2005, is a French headquarters, NATO certified, able to command a national or multinational land component of between 5,000 and 60,000 personnel.
The I Armored Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in World War II.
1(GE/NL)Corps is a multinational formation consisting of units from both the Royal Netherlands Army and German Army.
The Implementation Force (IFOR) was a NATO-led multinational peace enforcement force in Bosnia and Herzegovina under a one-year mandate from 20 December 1995 to 20 December 1996 under the codename Operation Joint Endeavour.
Ingolstadt (Austro-Bavarian) is a city in the Free State of Bavaria, in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Innsworth is a suburb of Gloucester, it is a civil parish and forms part of the borough of Tewkesbury.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jane's Intelligence Review, part of Jane's Information Group, is a monthly journal on global security and stability issues published by IHS Global Ltd.
The Joint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC) is a NATO body located in Monsanto (Lisbon), Portugal.
The Joint Force Training Centre (JFTC) is a NATO headquarters located in Bydgoszcz, Poland, responsible to Allied Command Transformation at Norfolk, Virginia, in the United States.
The Joint Warfare Centre (JWC) is a NATO establishment headquartered in Stavanger, Norway.
Kaiserslautern is a city in southwest Germany, located in the Bundesland (State) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) at the edge of the Palatinate Forest (Pfälzerwald).
Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.
The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which was responsible for establishing a secure environment in Kosovo.
Latino is a term often used in the United States to refer to people with cultural ties to Latin America, in contrast to Hispanic which is a demonym that includes Spaniards and other speakers of the Spanish language.
Leonard Dudley Heaton (November 19, 1902 – September 10, 1983) was Surgeon General of the United States Army from 1959 to 1969.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
Lucius D. Clay Kaserne (Flugplatz Wiesbaden-Erbenheim) is a military installation of the United States Army within Wiesbaden-Erbenheim, Germany.
The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams.
The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC).
The M14 rifle, officially the United States Rifle, 7.62 mm, M14, is an American automatic rifle that fires 7.62×51mm NATO (.308 in) ammunition.
The Truck, Utility, 1/4-Ton, 4×4, M151 or simply M151 was the successor to the Korean War M38 and M38A1 jeep Light Utility Vehicles.
The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States military adaptation of the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle.Kern, Danford Allan (2006).. m-14parts.com. A thesis presented to the Faculty of the US Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE, Military History. Fort Leavenworth, KansasKokalis, Peter G.. Nodakspud.com The original M16 was a selective fire 5.56mm rifle with a 20-round magazine. In 1964, the M16 entered U.S. military service and the following year was deployed for jungle warfare operations during the Vietnam War. In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.Ezell, Edward Clinton (1983). Small Arms of the World. New York: Stackpole Books. pp. 46–47..Urdang, p. 801. The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chrome plated bore and a new 30-round magazine. In 1983, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986. The M16A2 fires the improved 5.56×45mm NATO (M855/SS109) cartridge and has a new adjustable rear sight, case deflector, heavy barrel, improved handguard, pistol grip and buttstock, as well as a semi-auto and three-round burst only fire selector. Adopted in 1998, the M16A4 is the fourth generation of the M16 series.Weapons of the Modern Marines, by Michael Green, MBI Publishing Company, 2004, page 16 It is equipped with a removable carrying handle and Picatinny rail for mounting optics and other ancillary devices. The M16 has also been widely adopted by other militaries around the world. Total worldwide production of M16s has been approximately 8 million, making it the most-produced firearm of its 5.56 mm caliber. The U.S. Military has largely replaced the M16 in combat units with a shorter and lighter version named the M4 carbine.
The M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System (M270 MLRS) is an armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher; a type of rocket artillery.
The M48 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) that was designed in the United States.
The M59 was an American armored personnel carrier that entered service in the spring of 1954 replacing the M75.
The M60, officially the United States Machine Gun, Caliber 7.62 mm, M60, is a family of American general-purpose machine guns firing 7.62×51mm NATO or modified 7.62×54mmR cartridges from a disintegrating belt of M13 links.
The M60 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) introduced in December 1960.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
Münster (Low German: Mönster; Latin: Monasterium, from the Greek μοναστήριον monastērion, "monastery") is an independent city (Kreisfreie Stadt) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
The Mediterranean Theater of Operations, United States Army (MTOUSA), originally called the North African Theater of Operations (NATOUSA), was the American term for the theater of operations covering North Africa and Italy during World War II.
The Meritorious Unit Citation is a collective group decoration awarded to members of Australian military units.
Mihail Kogălniceanu Airport is situated in southeastern Romania, in the commune of Mihail Kogălniceanu, north-northwest of Constanța.
The military budget is the portion of the discretionary United States federal budget allocated to the Department of Defense, or more broadly, the portion of the budget that goes to any military-related expenditures.
Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer military capability required by the national defense policy.
The MIM-104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, the primary of its kind used by the United States Army and several allied nations.
Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.
Multinational Corps Northeast was formed on 18 September 1999 at Szczecin, Poland, which became its headquarters.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
The NATO Communications and Information Systems School, (NCISS), is the School that provides formal technical training for NATO on certain Communication and information Systems (CIS) deployed on operations or exercises by the Alliance.
The NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCI Agency) was established on 1 July 2012 as a result of the merger of the NATO Consultation, Command and Control Agency (NC3A), the NATO ACCS Management Agency (NACMA), the NATO Communications and Information System Services Agency (NCSA), the ALTBMD Programme and elements of NATO HQ.
The NATO Rapid Deployable Corps – Italy (NRDC-IT) is a multi-national corps headquarters of the Italian Army.
The NATO Rapid Deployable Corps - Spain (NRDC-SP) (also Rapid Deployable Spanish Corps) is a corps headquarters of the Spanish Army.
The III Army Corps / NATO Rapid Deployable Corps – Greece, abbreviated NRDC-GR, is an operational headquarters of the Hellenic Army, intended for the direction of international operations undertaken by the European Union and NATO.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
Northwood Headquarters is a military headquarters facility of the British Armed Forces in Eastbury, Hertfordshire, England, adjacent to the London suburb of Northwood.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Office of Military Government, United States (OMGUS; Amt der Militärregierung für Deutschland (U.S.)) was the United States military-established government created shortly after the end of hostilities in occupied Germany in World War II.
Operation Dragoon (initially Operation Anvil) was the code name for the Allied invasion of Southern France on 15August 1944.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Provide Comfort and Provide Comfort II were military operations initiated by the United States and other Coalition nations of the Gulf War, starting in April 1991, to defend Kurds fleeing their homes in northern Iraq in the aftermath of the Gulf War and deliver humanitarian aid to them.
Palermo (Sicilian: Palermu, Panormus, from Πάνορμος, Panormos) is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Royal Air Force Lakenheath or RAF Lakenheath is a Royal Air Force station near the town of Lakenheath in Suffolk, England, north-east of Mildenhall and west of Thetford.
Ramstein Air Base is a United States Air Force base in Rhineland-Palatinate, a state in southwestern Germany.
Raymond Thomas "Ray" Odierno (born 8 September 1954) is a retired United States Army General who served as the 38th Chief of Staff of the Army.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
The Saar (Sarre; Saar) is a river in northeastern France and western Germany, and a right tributary of the Moselle.
Saint-Raphaël (Sant Rafèu) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Saint-Tropez (Sant-Troupès in Provençal dialect) is a town on the French Riviera, west of Nice in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southeastern France.
Schinnen (Sjènne) is a municipality and a town in the province of Limburg, the Netherlands.
Schweinfurt (in German literally 'swine ford') is a city in the Lower Franconia region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the navigable Main River, which is spanned by several bridges here, 27 km northeast of Würzburg.
Sembach is a municipality in the district of Kaiserslautern in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
The Seventh Army was a United States army created during World War II that evolved into the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) during the 1950s and 1960s.
A shoulder sleeve insignia (often abbreviated SSI), is an embroidered patch worn on some uniforms of the United States Army.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.
Skopje (Скопје) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Macedonia.
Solbiate Olona is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Varese in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 30 km northwest of Milan and about 20 km south of Varese.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spangdahlem Air Base (IATA: SPM, ICAO: ETAD, former code EDAD) is a NATO air base with USAF tenant constructed between 1951 and 1953 and located near the small German town of Spangdahlem, approximately 30 km NNE of the city of Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate.
Specialist (abbreviated "SPC") is a military rank in some countries' armed forces.
Stars and Stripes is an American military newspaper that focuses and reports on matters concerning the members of the United States Armed Forces.
Stavanger is a city and municipality in Norway.
The IAV (Interim Armored Vehicle) Stryker is a family of eight-wheeled armored fighting vehicles derived from the Canadian LAV III and based on the Swiss Piranha III 8×8.
The Superior Unit Award is a decoration of the United States Army which is awarded in peacetime to any unit of the Army which displays outstanding meritorious performance of a difficult and challenging mission carried out under extraordinary circumstances.
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) is the headquarters of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Allied Command Operations (ACO).
Szczecin (German and Swedish Stettin), known also by other alternative names) is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Located near the Baltic Sea and the German border, it is a major seaport and Poland's seventh-largest city. As of June 2011, the population was 407,811. Szczecin is located on the Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Slavic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the Capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland, resulting in expulsion of the German population. Szczecin is the administrative and industrial centre of West Pomeranian Voivodeship and is the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Art Academy, and the see of the Szczecin-Kamień Catholic Archdiocese. From 1999 onwards, Szczecin has served as the site of the headquarters of NATO's Multinational Corps Northeast. Szczecin was a candidate for the European Capital of Culture in 2016.
Tallinn (or,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Estonia.
Black Sea Area Support Team (BS-AST) (Formerly Joint Task Force-East) is a United States European Command initiative executed by U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) designed to strengthen relationships between the United States and its Eastern European allies.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
In warfare, a theater or theatre (see spelling differences) is an area or place in which important military events occur or are progressing.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
The Third Air Force (Air Forces Europe) (3 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA).
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations Protection Force (French: Force de Protection des Nations Unies; UNPROFOR, also known by its French acronym FORPRONU), was the first United Nations peacekeeping force in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Yugoslav Wars.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA) is a United States Air Force major command (MAJCOM) and a component command of both United States European Command (USEUCOM) and United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM). As part of its mission, USAFE-AFAFRICA commands U.S. Air Force units pledged to NATO, maintaining combat-ready wings based from Great Britain to Turkey. USAFE-AFAFRICA plans, conducts, controls, coordinates and supports air and space operations in Europe, parts of Asia and all of Africa with the exception of Egypt to achieve U.S. national and NATO objectives based on taskings by the two combatant commanders. USAFE-AFAFRICA is headquartered at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. It is the oldest continuously active USAF major command, originally activated on 1 February 1942 at Langley Field, Virginia, as the Eighth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces. Two years later, it was designated as United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF) and on 7 August 1945 it was designated as United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE). On 20 April 2012 United States Air Forces in Europe formally became the U.S. Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa when the 17th Air Force inactivated. The command has more than 35,000 active duty personnel, Air Reserve Component personnel, and civilian employees assigned.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC, usually abbreviated as just CID) investigates felony crimes and serious violations of military law & the United States Code within the United States Army.
The United States Army Installation Management Command supports the by handling the day-to-day operations of U.S. Army installations around the globe.
The United States Army Reserve (USAR) is the federal reserve force of the United States Army.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The Department of the Army (DA) is one of the three military departments within the Department of Defense of the United States of America.
The United States European Command (EUCOM) is one of ten Unified Combatant Commands of the United States military, headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
V Corps was a regular corps of the United States Army during World War I, World War II, Cold War, Kosovo, and War on Terrorism.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Vicenza is a city in northeastern Italy.
The VII Corps of the United States Army was one of the two principal corps of the United States Army Europe during the Cold War.
Vilseck is a town in the Oberpfalz region of northeastern Bavaria, Germany situated on the river Vils, a tributary of the Naab river.
Vyškov (Wischau) is a town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, with a population of around 22,300 inhabitants.
Warner Barracks was a United States Army military base in the city of Bamberg, Bavaria, southern Germany.
The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.
The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.
Wiesbaden is a city in central western Germany and the capital of the federal state of Hesse.
The Winter Line was a series of German and Italian military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt and commanded by Albert Kesselring.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yeovilton is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated east of Ilchester, north of Yeovil, in the South Somerset district.
The 10th Army Air and Missile Defense Command (AAMDC) is a theater level Army air and missile defense organization and directly subordinated to United States Army Europe.
The 12th Combat Aviation Brigade is a Combat Aviation Brigade of the United States Army.
The 16th Sustainment Brigade is a sustainment brigade of the United States Army based at Smith Barracks in Baumholder, Germany.
The 170th Infantry Brigade was an infantry formation of the United States Army.
The 172nd Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the United States Army headquartered at Grafenwöhr, Germany.
The 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team ("Sky Soldiers") is an airborne infantry brigade combat team of the United States Army based in Vicenza, Italy.
The 18th Military Police Brigade is a military police brigade of the United States Army based in Grafenwoehr, Germany, with subordinate battalions and companies stationed throughout Germany.
The 1958 Lebanon crisis was a Lebanese political crisis caused by political and religious tensions in the country that included a U.S. military intervention.
The 1st Armored Division—nicknamed "Old Ironsides"—is a combined arms division of the United States Army.
The First Army (1re Armée) was a field army of France that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.
The 21st Theater Sustainment Command (21st TSC) provides theater sustainment throughout EUCOM and AFRICOM Areas of Responsibility in support of USAREUR and 7th Army.
The 28th Infantry Division ("Keystone") is a unit of the Army National Guard and is the oldest division-sized unit in the armed forces of the United States.
The 2d Theater Signal Brigade is a military communications brigade of the United States Army subordinate to the Army Network Enterprise Technology Command with headquarters at Lucius D. Clay Kaserne, Germany.
The 2nd Armored Division ("Hell on Wheels") was an armored division of the United States Army.
The 2nd Cavalry Regiment, also known as the 2nd Dragoons, is an active Stryker infantry and cavalry regiment of the United States Army.
The 3rd Corps (3.) is a field corps of the Turkish Army and the NATO Rapid Deployable Corps-Turkey (NRDC-T).
The 43rd Infantry Division was a formation of the United States Army from 1920 to 1963, serving in the Pacific during World War II.
The 4th Infantry Division is a division of the United States Army based at Fort Carson, Colorado.
The 56th Field Artillery Command was a brigade size element of the United States Army.
The 66th Military Intelligence Brigade ("Six-Six-M-I") is a United States Army brigade, subordinate to United States Army Intelligence and Security Command and based at Wiesbaden Army Airfield, Wiesbaden, Germany.
The 7th Army Training Command is a United States Army training organization located in Grafenwöhr, Bavaria, Germany.
7th Army (United States), 7th U.S. Army, 7th US Army, 7th United States Army, Seventh US Army, U.S. 7th Army, U.S. Army Europe, U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR), U.S. Army, Europe, US Army Europe, US Seventh Army, USAREUR, United States Army Europe (USAREUR), United States Army, Europe.