327 relations: A Monetary History of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, Alexander Hamilton, American Civil War, American Council of the Blind, American Eagle bullion coins, American Gold Eagle, American Platinum Eagle, American Revolution, American Silver Eagle, Andrew Jackson, Anna Schwartz, Article One of the United States Constitution, Aruban florin, Atlas Shrugged, Ayn Rand, £sd, Bahamian dollar, Bahraini dinar, Bald eagle, Banknote, Barbadian dollar, Belize dollar, Benjamin Franklin, Bermudian dollar, Bohemia, Bretton Woods system, British Overseas Territories, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Burmese kyat, Cambodian riel, Canadian dollar, Cancún, Caribbean, Carson City Mint, Cayman Islands dollar, Cent (currency), Chair of the Federal Reserve, Charlotte Mint, Chilean peso, Circulation (currency), Coat of arms of Spain, Coinage Act of 1792, Coinage Act of 1857, Coins of the United States dollar, Colloquialism, Colombian peso, Commonwealth of the Philippines, Connecticut, ..., Connecticut pound, Consumer price index, Continental Congress, Copper, Costa Rican colón, Counterfeit United States currency, Cuban convertible peso, Currency, Currency appreciation and depreciation, Currency crisis, Currency symbol, Czech Republic, Dahlonega Mint, De facto, De facto currency, Declaration of Independence (Trumbull), Delaware, Delaware pound, Demand Note, Denver Mint, Dime (United States coin), Discount window, Djiboutian franc, Dollar coin (United States), Dollar sign, Double eagle, Dutch East Indies, Dwight D. Eisenhower, E pluribus unum, Eagle (United States coin), East Timor centavo coins, Eastern Caribbean dollar, Ecuadorian centavo coins, Eritrean nakfa, Euro, Executive Order 6102, Federal funds rate, Federal Open Market Committee, Federal Reserve Bank, Federal Reserve Bank Note, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Federal Reserve Note, Federal Reserve System, Fiat money, Florian Cajori, Flowing Hair dollar, Foreign exchange market, Fractional currency, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frommer's, Fugio Cent, George Washington, Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia pound, Gold dollar, Gold standard, Gold Standard Act, Grain (unit), Great Moderation, Great Seal of the United States, Gresham's law, Grover Cleveland, Guldengroschen, Haiti, Half cent (United States coin), Half dime, Half dollar (United States coin), Half eagle, Half-union, Hepburn v. Griswold, Hieronymus Schlick, Hispanic America, Hong Kong dollar, In God We Trust, Independence Hall, Indian rupee, Inflation, Insular Government of the Philippine Islands, Interest rate, International trade, International use of the U.S. dollar, Iranian rial, Iraqi dinar, ISO 4217, Jamaican dollar, James Guthrie (Kentucky), Japanese yen, Jáchymov, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, Jimmy Carter, Joachim, John F. Kennedy, Jordanian dinar, Kazakhstani tenge, Kennedy half dollar, Kilo-, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kuwaiti dinar, Lao kip, Large denominations of United States currency, Lebanese pound, Legal tender, Legal Tender Cases, Lender of last resort, Lima, Lincoln Memorial, Louisiana, Louisiana French, Louisiana Purchase, Manganese, Manila Mint, Maryland, Maryland pound, Massachusetts, Massachusetts pound, Mexican peso, Mexican–American War, Mexico, Mexico City, Mill (currency), Milton Friedman, Mint-made errors, Monetary base, Monetary policy, Money, Mongolian tögrög, Monopoly (game), Monticello, NBC News, Netherlands Antillean guilder, Nevada State Museum, Carson City, New England French, New Hampshire, New Hampshire pound, New Jersey, New Jersey pound, New Netherland, New Orleans Mint, New World, New York (state), New York pound, New Zealand dollar, Nicaraguan córdoba, Nickel, Nickel (United States coin), Nixon shock, North Carolina, North Carolina pound, Northern United States, Numismatics, Oak, Olive branch, Olivier Blanchard, Omani rial, One pound (British coin), Open market operation, Orders of magnitude (numbers), Organized crime, Pakistani rupee, Panama Canal, Panama–Pacific International Exposition, Panamanian balboa, Panic of 1837, Panic of 1857, Paraguayan guaraní, Paul Volcker, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania pound, Penny (British pre-decimal coin), Penny (United States coin), Penny debate in the United States, Peruvian sol, Peso, Philadelphia Mint, Philippines, Phillips curve, Piastre, Pillars of Hercules, Poker, Potosí, Pound sterling, Precious metal, Presidential $1 Coin Program, Princeton University Press, Puerto Rico, Qatari riyal, Quarter (United States coin), Quarter eagle, Renminbi, Reserve currency, Rhode Island, Rhode Island pound, Richard Nixon, Roman numerals, Romanian leu, Sacagawea, Sacagawea dollar, Saint Helena pound, San Francisco Mint, Saudi riyal, Sawbuck, Scribal abbreviation, Seal of the President of the United States, Series (United States currency), Shilling (British coin), Singapore dollar, Somali shilling, South African rand, South Carolina, South Carolina pound, Sovereignty, Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish dollar, Spanish real, Specie Payment Resumption Act, Spondulix, Stagflation, Statue of Liberty, Stella (United States coin), Strong dollar policy, Stuiver, Surinamese dollar, Susan B. Anthony, Susan B. Anthony dollar, Territories of the United States, Thaler, The World Factbook, Thirteen Colonies, Thomas Jefferson, Three-cent bronze, Three-cent nickel, Three-cent silver, Three-dollar piece, Tijuana, Torch, Treasury Note (19th century), Trinidad and Tobago dollar, Troy weight, Turks and Caicos Islands, Twenty-cent piece (United States coin), Two-cent piece (United States), U.S. Dollar Index, Ulysses S. Grant, Unit of account, United Arab Emirates dirham, United States, United States Capitol, United States commemorative coin, United States Congress, United States Constitution, United States Consumer Price Index, United States Department of the Treasury, United States fifty-dollar bill, United States five-dollar bill, United States Mint, United States Note, United States one hundred-dollar bill, United States one-dollar bill, United States Secretary of the Treasury, United States ten-dollar bill, United States twenty-dollar bill, United States two-dollar bill, Uruguayan peso, Vending machine, Venezuelan bolívar, Virginia, Virginia pound, War of 1812, West Point Mint, White House, William McKinley, World War II, Zimbabwean bond coins, Zimbabwean bond notes, Zinc, 2nd United States Congress, 50 State Quarters. Expand index (277 more) » « Shrink index
A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960 is a book written in 1963 by Nobel Prize–winning economist Milton Friedman and Anna J. Schwartz.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757July 12, 1804) was a statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Council of the Blind (ACB) is a nationwide organization in the United States.
American Eagle bullion coins are produced by the United States Mint.
The American Gold Eagle is an official gold bullion coin of the United States.
The American Platinum Eagle is the official platinum bullion coin of the United States.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The American Silver Eagle is the official silver bullion coin of the United States.
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.
Anna Jacobson Schwartz (/ʃwɔːrts/; November 11, 1915 – June 21, 2012) was an American economist who worked at the National Bureau of Economic Research in New York City and a writer for the New York Times.
Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the federal government, the United States Congress.
The florin (sign: Afl.; code: AWG) is the currency of Aruba.
Atlas Shrugged is a 1957 novel by Ayn Rand.
Ayn Rand (born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum; – March 6, 1982) was a Russian-American writer and philosopher.
£sd (pronounced /ɛlɛsˈdiː/ ell-ess-dee and occasionally written Lsd) is the popular name for the pre-decimal currencies once common throughout Europe, especially in the British Isles and hence in several countries of the British Empire and subsequently the Commonwealth.
The dollar (sign: $; code: BSD) has been the currency of The Bahamas since 1966.
The dinar (دينار) (sign:.د.ب or BD; code: BHD) is the currency of Bahrain.
The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, from Greek ἅλς, hals "sea", αἰετός aietos "eagle", λευκός, leukos "white", κεφαλή, kephalē "head") is a bird of prey found in North America.
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
The dollar has been the currency of Barbados since 1935.
The Belize dollar is the official currency in Belize (currency code BZD).
Benjamin Franklin (April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The Bermudian dollar (symbol: $; code: BMD; also abbreviated BD$; informally called the Bermuda dollar) is the official currency of the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, and Japan after the 1944 Bretton-Woods Agreement.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) is a government agency within the United States Department of the Treasury that designs and produces a variety of security products for the United States government, most notable of which is Federal Reserve Notes (paper money) for the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor.
The kyat (or; ကျပ်; ISO 4217 code MMK) is the currency of Myanmar (Burma).
The riel (រៀល; sign: ៛; code: KHR) is the currency of Cambodia.
The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.
Cancún is a city in southeastern Mexico on the northeast coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The Carson City Mint was a branch of the United States Mint in Carson City, Nevada.
The Cayman Islands Dollar (currency code KYD) is the currency of the Cayman Islands.
In many national currencies, the cent, commonly represented by the cent sign (a minuscule letter "c" crossed by a diagonal stroke or a vertical line: ¢; or a simple "c") is a monetary unit that equals of the basic monetary unit.
The Chair of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System is the head of the Federal Reserve, which is the central banking system of the United States.
The Charlotte Mint was the first United States branch mint.
The peso is the currency of Chile.
In monetary economics, circulation is the continuing use of individual units of a currency for transactions.
The coat of arms of Spain represents Spain and the Spanish nation.
The Coinage Act or the Mint Act, passed by the United States Congress on April 2, 1792, created the United States dollar as the country's standard unit of money, established the United States Mint, and regulated the coinage of the United States.
The Coinage Act of 1857 (Act of Feb. 21, 1857, Chap. 56, 34th Cong., Sess. III, 11 Stat. 163) was an act of the United States Congress which ended the status of foreign coins as legal tender, repealing all acts "authorizing the currency of foreign gold or silver coins".
Coins of the United States dollar were first minted in 1792.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
The peso is the currency of Colombia.
The Commonwealth of the Philippines (Commonwealth de Filipinas; Komonwelt ng Pilipinas) was the administrative body that governed the Philippines from 1935 to 1946, aside from a period of exile in the Second World War from 1942 to 1945 when Japan occupied the country.
Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The pound was the currency of Connecticut until 1793.
A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of of and purchased by households.
The Continental Congress, also known as the Philadelphia Congress, was a convention of delegates called together from the Thirteen Colonies.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
The colón (named after Christopher Columbus, known as Cristóbal Colón in Spanish) is the currency of Costa Rica.
Counterfeiting of the currency of the United States is widely attempted.
The convertible peso (sometimes given as CUC$ and informally called a cuc or a chavito) is one of two official currencies in Cuba, the other being the Cuban peso.
A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.
Currency depreciation is the loss of value of a country's currency with respect to one or more foreign reference currencies, typically in a floating exchange rate system in which no official currency value is maintained.
A currency crisis is a situation in which serious doubt exists as to whether a country's central bank has sufficient foreign exchange reserves to maintain the country's fixed exchange rate.
A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Dahlonega Mint was a former branch of the United States Mint built during the Georgia Gold Rush to help the miners get their gold assayed and minted, without having to travel to the Philadelphia Mint.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
A de facto currency is a unit of money that is not legal tender in a country but is treated as such by most of the populace.
The painting Declaration of Independence is a oil-on-canvas work by American John Trumbull; it depicts the presentation of the draft of the Declaration of Independence to Congress.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
The pound was the currency of Delaware until 1793.
A Demand Note is a type of United States paper money that was issued between August 1861 and April 1862 during the American Civil War in denominations of 5, 10, and 20 US$.
The Denver Mint is a branch of the United States Mint that struck its first coins on February 1, 1906.
The dime, in U.S. usage, is a ten-cent coin, one tenth of a United States dollar, labeled formally as "one dime".
The discount window is an instrument of monetary policy (usually controlled by central banks) that allows eligible institutions to borrow money from the central bank, usually on a short-term basis, to meet temporary shortages of liquidity caused by internal or external disruptions.
The Djiboutian franc (فرنك) is the currency of Djibouti.
The dollar coin is a United States coin worth one United States dollar.
The dollar sign ($ or) is a symbol primarily used to indicate the various units of currency around the world.
A double eagle is a gold coin of the United States with a denomination of $20.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
E pluribus unum—Latin for "Out of many, one" (alternatively translated as "One out of many" or "One from many") — is a 13-letter traditional motto of the United States, appearing on the Great Seal along with Annuit cœptis (Latin for "he approves the undertaking ") and Novus ordo seclorum (Latin for "New order of the ages"), and adopted by an Act of Congress in 1782.
The eagle is a United States $10 gold coin issued by the United States Mint from 1792 to 1933.
East Timor centavo coins were introduced in East Timor in 2003 for use alongside United States dollar banknotes and coins, which had been introduced in 2000 to replace the Indonesian rupiah following the commencement of U.N. administration.
The Eastern Caribbean dollar (symbol: $; code: XCD) is the currency of all seven full members and one associate member of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).
Ecuadorian centavo coins were introduced in 2000 when Ecuador converted its currency from the sucre to the U.S. dollar.
The nakfa (ISO 4217 code: ERN) is the currency of Eritrea and was introduced on 8 November 1997 to replace the Ethiopian birr at par.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
Executive Order 6102 is a United States presidential executive order signed on April 5, 1933, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt "forbidding the Hoarding of gold coin, gold bullion, and gold certificates within the continental United States".
In the United States, the federal funds rate is the interest rate at which depository institutions (banks and credit unions) lend reserve balances to other depository institutions overnight, on an uncollateralized basis.
The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), a committee within the Federal Reserve System (the Fed), is charged under the United States law with overseeing the nation's open market operations (e.g., the Fed's buying and selling of United States Treasury securities).
A Federal Reserve Bank is a regional bank of the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.
Federal Reserve Bank Notes are banknotes that are legal in the United States issued between 1915 and 1934, together with United States Notes, silver certificates, Gold Certificates, National Bank Notes and Federal Reserve Notes.
The Federal Reserve Bank of St.
Federal Reserve Notes, also United States banknotes or U.S. banknotes, are the banknotes currently used in the United States of America.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
Fiat money is a currency without intrinsic value that has been established as money, often by government regulation.
Florian Cajori (February 28, 1859 – August 14 or 15, 1930) was a Swiss-American historian of mathematics.
The Flowing Hair dollar was the first dollar coin issued by the United States federal government.
The foreign exchange market (Forex, FX, or currency market) is a global decentralized or over-the-counter (OTC) market for the trading of currencies.
Fractional currency, also referred to as shinplasters, was introduced by the United States federal government following the outbreak of the Civil War.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frommer's is a travel guidebook series created by Arthur Frommer.
The Fugio Cent is the first official one-cent piece of United States currency.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
The pound was the currency of Georgia until 1793.
The gold dollar or gold one-dollar piece is a gold coin that was struck as a regular issue by the United States Bureau of the Mint from 1849 to 1889.
A gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is based on a fixed quantity of gold.
The Gold Standard Act of the United States was passed in 1900 (approved on March 14) and established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, stopping bimetallism (which had allowed silver in exchange for gold).
A grain is a unit of measurement of mass, and in the troy weight, avoirdupois, and Apothecaries' system, equal to exactly.
In economics, the Great Moderation is a term coined in 2002 to describe a reduction in the volatility of business cycle fluctuations starting in the mid-1980s, believed at that time to be permanent, and to have been caused by institutional and structural changes in developed nations in the later part of the twentieth century.
The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the U.S. federal government.
In economics, Gresham's law is a monetary principle stating that "bad money drives out good".
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
The Guldengroschen was a large silver coin originally minted in Tirol in 1486.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
The half cent is the smallest denomination of United States coin ever minted.
The half dime, or half disme, was a silver coin, valued at five cents, formerly minted in the United States.
The half dollar, sometimes referred to as the half for short, is a United States coin worth 50 cents, one-half of a dollar, and is the largest United States circulating coin currently produced in both size and weight, being 1.205 inches (30.61 mm) in diameter and.085 inches (2.15 mm) in thickness, and is twice the weight of the quarter.
The half eagle is a United States coin that was produced for circulation from 1795 to 1929 and in commemorative and bullion coins since the 1980s.
The Half-Union (also known as J-1548) was a United States coin minted as a pattern, or a coin not approved for release, with a face value of fifty U.S. Dollars.
Hepburn v. Griswold,, was a US Supreme Court case in which the Chief Justice of the United States, Salmon P. Chase, speaking for the Court, declared certain parts of the Legal Tender Acts to be unconstitutional.
Hieronymus Schlick was a Bohemian count who authorised the minting of the first taler, the origin of the word "dollar".
Hispanic America (Spanish: Hispanoamérica, or América hispana), also known as Spanish America (Spanish: América española), is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas.
The Hong Kong dollar (sign: HK$; code: HKD) is the official currency of Hong Kong.
"In God We Trust" is the official motto of the United States of America and of the U.S. state of Florida.
Independence Hall is the building where both the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were debated and adopted.
The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
The Insular Government of the Philippine Islands was a territorial government of the United States that was established in 1901 and was dissolved in 1935.
An interest rate is the amount of interest due per period, as a proportion of the amount lent, deposited or borrowed (called the principal sum).
International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
Besides being the main currency of the United States, the American dollar is used as the standard unit of currency in international markets for commodities such as gold and petroleum (the latter, sometimes called petrocurrency, is the source of the term petrodollar).
The Iranian rial (ریال ایران Riâl Irân; ISO 4217 code IRR) is the currency of Iran.
The Dinar (Arabic: دينار,.
ISO 4217 is a standard first published by International Organization for Standardization in 1978, which delineates currency designators, country codes (alpha and numeric), and references to minor units in three tables.
The dollar has been the currency of Jamaica since 1969.
James Guthrie (December 5, 1792 – March 13, 1869) was a Kentucky lawyer, plantation owner, railroad president and Democratic Party politician.
The is the official currency of Japan.
Jáchymov, until 1945 known by its German name of Sankt Joachimsthal or Joachimsthal (meaning "Saint Joachim's Valley"; Thal, or Tal in modern orthography) is a spa town in the Karlovy Vary Region of Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic.
Jean Baptiste Charbonneau (February 11, 1805 – May 16, 1866) was an American Indian-French Canadian explorer, guide, fur trapper trader, military scout during the Mexican-American War, alcalde (mayor) of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia and a gold prospector and hotel operator in Northern California.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Saint Joachim ("he whom Yahweh has set up", Yəhôyāqîm, Greek Ἰωακείμ Iōākeím) was the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus, according to the Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions. The story of Joachim and Anne first appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James. Joachim and Anne are not mentioned in the Bible. His feast day is 26 July.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
The Jordanian dinar (دينار; code: JOD; unofficially abbreviated as JD) has been the currency of Jordan since 1950.
The tenge (Ten’ge; тенге) is the currency of Kazakhstan.
The Kennedy half dollar, first minted in 1964, is a fifty-cent coin currently issued by the United States Mint.
Kilo is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting multiplication by one thousand (103).
The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom (České království; Königreich Böhmen; Regnum Bohemiae, sometimes Regnum Czechorum), was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.
The Kuwaiti dinar (دينار, code: KWD) is the currency of Kuwait.
The kip (ກີບ; code: LAK; sign: ₭ or ₭N; kip; Official Name: ເງີນກີບລາວ, lit. "Currency Lao Kip") is the currency of Laos since 1952.
Large denominations of United States currency greater than $100 were circulated by the United States Treasury until 1969.
The Lebanese pound (ليرة lira; French: livre; sign:, ISO 4217: LBP) is the currency of Lebanon.
Legal tender is a medium of payment recognized by a legal system to be valid for meeting a financial obligation.
The Legal Tender Cases were a series of United States Supreme Court cases in the latter part of the nineteenth century that affirmed the constitutionality of paper money.
A lender of last resort (LOLR) is the institution in a financial system that acts as the provider of liquidity to a financial institution which finds itself unable to obtain sufficient liquidity in the interbank lending market and other facilities or sources have been exhausted.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
The Lincoln Memorial is an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Louisiana French (français de la Louisiane, Louisiana Creole: françé la lwizyàn), also known as Cajun French (français cadien/français cadjin) is a variety of the French language spoken traditionally in colonial Lower Louisiana but as of today it is primarily used in the U.S. state of Louisiana, specifically in the southern parishes, though substantial minorities exist in southeast Texas as well.
The Louisiana Purchase (Vente de la Louisiane "Sale of Louisiana") was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory (828,000 square miles or 2.14 million km²) by the United States from France in 1803.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
The Manila Mint (Real Casa de la Moneda y Timbre de Manila) was a coinage mint that briefly served as a branch of the United States Mint, located in Manila, now the capital city of the Philippines.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
The pound was the currency of Maryland until 1793.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The pound was the currency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and its colonial predecessors until 1793.
The Mexican peso (sign: $; code: MXN) is the currency of Mexico.
The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War in the United States and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The mill or mille (₥) (sometimes mil in the UK, when discussing property taxes in the United States, or previously in Cyprus and Malta) is a now-abstract unit of currency used sometimes in accounting.
Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy.
Mint-made errors are errors in a coin made by the mint during the minting process.
In economics, the monetary base (also base money, money base, high-powered money, reserve money, outside money, central bank money or, in the UK, narrow money) in a country is defined as the portion of a commercial bank's reserves that consist of the commercial bank's accounts with its central bank plus the total currency circulating in the public, plus the currency, also known as vault cash, that is physically held in the bank's vault.
Monetary policy is the process by which the monetary authority of a country, typically the central bank or currency board, controls either the cost of very short-term borrowing or the monetary base, often targeting an inflation rate or interest rate to ensure price stability and general trust in the currency.
Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context.
The tögrög or tugrik (ᠲᠥᠭᠥᠷᠢᠭ, төгрөг, tögrög; sign: ₮; code: MNT) is the official currency of Mongolia.
Monopoly is a board game where players roll two six-sided dice to move around the game board, buying and trading properties, and develop them with houses and hotels.
Monticello was the primary plantation of Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, who began designing and building Monticello at age 26 after inheriting land from his father.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
The Netherlands Antillean guilder (gulden) is the currency of Curaçao and Sint Maarten, which until 2010 formed the Netherlands Antilles along with Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius.
The Nevada State Museum in Carson City is one of seven Nevada State Museums operated by the Nevada Department of Tourism and Cultural Affairs.
New England French (français de Nouvelle-Angleterre) is a variety of Canadian French spoken in the New England region of the United States.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The pound was the currency of New Hampshire until 1793.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The pound was the currency of New Jersey until 1793.
New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw Nederland; Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a 17th-century colony of the Dutch Republic that was located on the east coast of North America.
The New Orleans Mint (Monnaie de La Nouvelle-Orléans) operated in New Orleans, Louisiana, as a branch mint of the United States Mint from 1838 to 1861 and from 1879 to 1909.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The pound was the currency of the province and state of New York until 1793.
The New Zealand dollar (sign: $; code: NZD, also abbreviated NZ$) (Tāra o Aotearoa) is the currency and legal tender of New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, the Ross Dependency, Tokelau, and a British territory, the Pitcairn Islands.
The córdoba (sign: C$; code: NIO) is the currency of Nicaragua.
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.
A nickel, in American usage, is a five-cent coin struck by the United States Mint.
The Nixon shock was a series of economic measures undertaken by United States President Richard Nixon in 1971, the most significant of which was the unilateral cancellation of the direct international convertibility of the United States dollar to gold.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The pound was the currency of North Carolina until 1793.
The Northern United States, commonly referred to as the American North or simply the North, can be a geographic or historical term and definition.
Numismatics is the study or collection of currency, including coins, tokens, paper money, and related objects.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
The olive branch is a symbol of peace or victory deriving from the customs of ancient Greece and found in most cultures of the Mediterranean basin.
Olivier Jean Blanchard (born December 27, 1948) is a French economist, professor and Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics.
The rial (ريال, ISO 4217 code OMR) is the currency of Oman.
The British one pound (£1) coin is a denomination of the pound sterling.
An open market operation (OMO) is an activity by a central bank to give (or take) liquidity in its currency to (or from) a bank or a group of banks.
This list contains selected positive numbers in increasing order, including counts of things, dimensionless quantity and probabilities.
Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals who intend to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for money and profit.
The Pakistani rupee (روپیہ / ALA-LC:; sign: ₨; code: PKR) is the currency of Pakistan.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
The Panama–Pacific International Exposition (PPIE) was a world's fair held in San Francisco, California, U.S., from February 20 to December 4, 1915.
The balboa (sign: B/.; ISO 4217: PAB) is, along with the United States dollar, one of the official currencies of Panama.
The Panic of 1837 was a financial crisis in the United States that touched off a major recession that lasted until the mid-1840s.
The Panic of 1857 was a financial panic in the United States caused by the declining international economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy.
The guaraní (plural: guaraníes; sign: ₲; code: PYG) is the national currency unit of Paraguay.
Paul Adolph Volcker Jr. (born September 5, 1927) is an American economist.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The pound was the currency of Pennsylvania until 1793.
The pre-decimal penny (1d) was a coin worth of a pound sterling.
The United States one-cent coin, often called a penny, is a unit of currency equaling one-hundredth of a United States dollar.
A debate exists within the United States government, and American society at large, over whether the one-cent coin, commonly called the penny, should be eliminated as a unit of currency in the United States.
The sol (plural: soles; currency sign: S/) is the currency of Peru; it is subdivided into 100 céntimos ("cents").
The peso (meaning weight in Spanish, or more loosely pound) was a coin that originated in Spain and became of immense importance internationally.
The Philadelphia Mint was created from the need to establish a national identity and the needs of commerce in the United States.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The Phillips curve is a single-equation empirical model, named after William Phillips, describing a historical inverse relationship between rates of unemployment and corresponding rates of rises in wages that result within an economy.
The piastre or piaster is any of a number of units of currency.
The Pillars of Hercules (Latin: Columnae Herculis, Greek: Ἡράκλειαι Στῆλαι, Arabic: أعمدة هرقل / Aʿmidat Hiraql, Spanish: Columnas de Hércules) was the phrase that was applied in Antiquity to the promontories that flank the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar.
Poker is a family of card games that combines gambling, strategy, and skill.
Potosí is a capital city and a municipality of the department of Potosí in Bolivia.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
A precious metal is a rare, naturally occurring metallic chemical element of high economic value.
The Presidential $1 Coin Program, was the release by the United States Mint of $1 coins with engravings of relief portraits of U.S. presidents on the obverse and the Statue of Liberty on the reverse.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
The Qatari riyal is the currency of the State of Qatar.
The quarter, short for quarter dollar, is a United States coin worth 25 cents, one-fourth of a dollar.
The quarter eagle was a gold coin issued by the United States with a denomination of two hundred and fifty cents, or two dollars and fifty cents.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
A reserve currency (or anchor currency) is a currency that is held in significant quantities by governments and institutions as part of their foreign exchange reserves.
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States.
The pound was the currency of Rhode Island until 1793.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
The Romanian leu (plural lei; ISO 4217 code RON; numeric code 946) is the currency of Romania.
Sacagawea (also Sakakawea or Sacajawea; May 1788 – December 20, 1812) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who is known for her help to the Lewis and Clark Expedition in achieving their chartered mission objectives by exploring the Louisiana Territory.
The Sacagawea dollar (also known as the "golden dollar") is a United States dollar coin that has been minted every year since 2000, although not released for general circulation from 2002 to 2008 and again from 2012 onward due to its general unpopularity with the public and low business demand for the coin.
The Saint Helena pound is the currency of the Atlantic islands of Saint Helena and Ascension, which are constituent parts of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.
The San Francisco Mint is a branch of the United States Mint and was opened in 1854 to serve the gold mines of the California Gold Rush.
The Saudi riyal (ريال); is the currency of Saudi Arabia. It is abbreviated as ر.س or SR (Saudi riyal). It is subdivided into 100 halalas (هللة).
A sawbuck is a device for holding wood so that it may be cut into pieces.
Scribal abbreviations or sigla (singular: siglum or sigil) are the abbreviations used by ancient and medieval scribes writing in Latin, and later in Greek and Old Norse.
The Seal of the President of the United States is used to mark correspondence from the U.S. president to the U.S. Congress, and is also used as a symbol of the presidency itself.
On U.S. currency, the series refers to the year appearing on the front of a bill, indicating when the bill's design was adopted.
The shilling (1/-) was a coin worth one twentieth of a pound sterling, or twelve pence.
The Singapore dollar (sign: S$; code: SGD) is the official currency of Singapore.
The Somali shilling (sign: Sh.So.; shilin; شلن; scellino; ISO 4217: SOS) is the official currency of Somalia.
The South African Rand (sign: R; code: ZAR) is the currency of South Africa.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The pound was the currency of South Carolina until 1793.
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.
The Spanish dollar, also known as the piece of eight (peso de ocho or real de a ocho), is a silver coin, of approximately 38 mm diameter, worth eight Spanish reales, that was minted in the Spanish Empire after 1598.
The real (meaning: "royal", plural: reales) was a unit of currency in Spain for several centuries after the mid-14th century, but changed in value relative to other units introduced.
The Specie Payment Resumption Act of January 14, 1875 was a law in the United States that restored the nation to the gold standard through the redemption of previously-unbacked United States Notes and reversed inflationary government policies promoted directly after the American Civil War.
Spondulix is 19th-century slang for money or cash, more specifically a reasonable amount of spending money.
In economics, stagflation, a portmanteau of stagnation and inflation, is a situation in which the inflation rate is high, the economic growth rate slows, and unemployment remains steadily high.
The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.
The United States four dollar coin, also officially called a Stella, is a unit of currency equivalent to four United States dollars.
The strong dollar policy is the United States economic policy based on the assumption that a strong exchange rate of the United States dollar is in the interests of the United States and the whole world.
The stuiver was a pre-decimal coin used in the Netherlands.
The Surinamese dollar (ISO 4217 code SRD) has been the currency of Suriname since 2004.
Susan B. Anthony (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement.
The Susan B. Anthony dollar is a United States dollar coin minted from 1979 to 1981, when production was suspended due to poor public acceptance, and then again in 1999.
Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions directly overseen by the United States (U.S.) federal government.
The thaler was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
The three-cent bronze was a pattern coin struck in 1863 by George Eckfeldt.
The copper-nickel three-cent piece, often called a three-cent nickel piece or three-cent nickel, was designed by US Mint Chief Engraver James B. Longacre and struck by the United States Bureau of the Mint from 1865 to 1889.
The three-cent silver, also known as the three-cent piece in silver or trime, was struck by the Mint of the United States for circulation from 1851 to 1872, and as a proof coin in 1873.
The three-dollar piece was a gold coin produced by the United States Bureau of the Mint from 1854 to 1889.
Tijuana is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and on the Baja California Peninsula, located at the center of the Tijuana and the international San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan areas.
A torch is a stick with combustible material at one end, which is ignited and used as a light source.
A Treasury Note is a type of short term debt instrument issued by the United States prior to the creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1913.
The dollar (currency code TTD) is the currency of Trinidad and Tobago.
Troy weight is a system of units of mass customarily used for precious metals and gemstones.
The Turks and Caicos Islands (and), or TCI for short, are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago of the Atlantic Ocean and northern West Indies.
The American twenty-cent piece is a coin struck from 1875 to 1878, but only for collectors in the final two years.
The two-cent piece was produced by the Mint of the United States for circulation from 1864 to 1872 and for collectors in 1873.
The U.S. Dollar Index (USDX, DXY, DX) is an index (or measure) of the value of the United States dollar relative to a basket of foreign currencies, often referred to as a basket of U.S. trade partners' currencies.
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
A unit of account in economics is a nominal monetary unit of measure or currency used to represent the real value (or cost) of any economic item; i.e. goods, services, assets, liabilities, income, expenses.
The United Arab Emirates dirham (درهم, sign: د.إ; code: AED), also known as simply the Emirati dirham, is the currency of the United Arab Emirates.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Capitol, often called the Capitol Building, is the home of the United States Congress, and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government.
The United States has minted numerous commemorative coins in remembrance of particular persons, places, events, and institutions.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The U.S. Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a set of consumer price indices calculated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
The Department of the Treasury (USDT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government.
The United States fifty-dollar bill ($50) is a denomination of United States currency.
The United States five-dollar bill ($5) is a denomination of United States currency.
The United States Mint is the agency that produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce, as well as controlling the movement of bullion.
A United States Note, also known as a Legal Tender Note, is a type of paper money that was issued from 1862 to 1971 in the U.S. Having been current for more than 100 years, they were issued for longer than any other form of U.S. paper money.
The United States one hundred-dollar bill ($100) is a denomination of United States currency.
The United States one-dollar bill ($1) is a denomination of United States currency.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
The United States ten-dollar bill ($10) is a denomination of U.S. currency.
The United States twenty-dollar bill ($20) is a denomination of U.S. currency.
The United States two-dollar bill ($2) is a current denomination of U.S. currency.
Uruguayan peso (peso uruguayo) has been a name of the Uruguayan currency since Uruguay's settlement by Europeans.
A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.
The bolívar fuerte (sign: Bs.F. or Bs.; plural: bolívares fuertes; ISO 4217 code: VEF) has been the currency of Venezuela since 1 January 2008.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The pound was the currency of Virginia until 1793.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
The West Point Mint Facility was erected in 1937 near the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York, United States.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897 until his assassination in September 1901, six months into his second term.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe began to release Zimbabwean bond coins on 18 December 2014.
Zimbabwean bond notes are a form of banknote in circulation in Zimbabwe.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The Second United States Congress, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from March 4, 1791, to March 4, 1793, during the third and fourth years of George Washington's presidency.
The 50 State Quarters Program was the release of a series of circulating commemorative coins by the United States Mint.
$US, $USD, American Dollar, American currency, American dollar, American dollars, American money, Benjamin Franklins, Cent (US), Currencies pegged to the USD, Currency of United States, Currency of the US, Currency of the United States, Currency of the United States of America, Dollars US, ISO 4217:USD, Nicknames of the United States dollar, One american dollar, U$D, U$S, U. S. Dollar, U.S Dollar, U.S. Dollar, U.S. Dollars, U.S. coin, U.S. currency, U.S. dollar, U.S. dollars, U.S.$, U.s. dollar, US $, US Currency, US Dollar, US Dollars, US Dorra, US Money, US cents, US currency, US dollar, US dollars, US money, US$, US-Dollar, USA Dollar, USD, USD$, United States Currency, United States Dollar, United States Dollars, United States Money, United States buck, United States currency, United States dollars, United States of America/Currency, United states dollar, Untied States Dollars, Untied States dollar, Us currency, Us dollar, Us dollars, Usd, Yankee Dollar, Yankee dollar.