36 relations: Appellate jurisdiction, Appointments Clause, Article Three of the United States Constitution, Article Two of the United States Constitution, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Chief Justice of the United States, Federal tribunals in the United States, General jurisdiction, Impeachment in the United States, John Roberts, Judge, Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts, Judicial Conference of the United States, Judicial council (United States), Judiciary, List of United States federal judges by longevity of service, Nixon v. United States, President of the United States, Regulatory capture, Revolving door (politics), Scire facias, Senior status, Supreme Court of the United States, United States bankruptcy court, United States circuit court, United States Constitution, United States Court of Federal Claims, United States Court of International Trade, United States courts of appeals, United States district court, United States magistrate judge, United States Senate, United States Tax Court, United States territorial court, William Rehnquist, Yale Law Journal.
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts.
The Appointments Clause is part of Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution, which empowers the President of the United States to nominate, and with the advice and consent (confirmation) of the United States Senate, appoint public officials.
Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal government.
Article Two of the United States Constitution establishes the executive branch of the federal government, which carries out and enforces federal laws.
Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States.
The Chief Justice of the United States is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and thus the head of the United States federal court system, which functions as the judicial branch of the nation's federal government.
The federal tribunals of the United States include both Article III tribunals (federal courts) as well as adjudicative entities which are classified as Article I or Article IV tribunals.
A court of general jurisdiction is a court with authority to hear cases of all kinds – criminal, civil, family, probate, and so forth.
Impeachment in the United States is the process by which the lower house of a legislature brings charges against a civil officer of government for crimes alleged to have been committed, analogous to the bringing of an indictment by a grand jury.
John Glover Roberts Jr. (born January 27, 1955) is an American lawyer who serves as the 17th and current Chief Justice of the United States.
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.
The appointment of federal judges for United States federal courts has become viewed as a political process in the last several decades.
The Judicial Conference of the United States, formerly known as Conference of Senior Circuit Judges, was created by the United States Congress in 1922 with the principal objective of framing policy guidelines for administration of judicial courts in the United States.
Judicial councils are panels of the United States federal courts that are charged with making "necessary and appropriate orders for the effective and expeditious administration of justice" within their circuits.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
This is a list of Article III United States federal judges by longevity of service.
Nixon v. United States,, was a United States Supreme Court decision that determined that the question of whether the Senate had properly tried an impeachment was a political question and could not be resolved in the courts.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Regulatory capture is a form of government failure which occurs when a regulatory agency, created to act in the public interest, instead advances the commercial or political concerns of special interest groups that dominate the industry or sector it is charged with regulating.
In politics, the "revolving door" is a movement of personnel between roles as legislators and regulators, on one hand, and members of the industries affected by the legislation and regulation, on the other.
In English law, a writ of scire facias (Latin, meaning literally "make known") was a writ founded upon some judicial record directing the sheriff to make the record known to a specified party, and requiring the defendant to show cause why the party bringing the writ should not be able to cite that record in his own interest, or why, in the case of letters patent and grants, the patent or grant should not be annulled and vacated.
Senior status is a form of semi-retirement for United States federal judges and judges in some state court systems.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
United States bankruptcy courts are courts created under Article I of the United States Constitution.
The United States circuit courts were the original intermediate level courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States Court of Federal Claims (in case citations, Fed. Cl. or C.F.C.) is a United States federal court that hears monetary claims against the U.S. government.
The United States Court of International Trade (in case citations, Int'l Trade or Intl. Trade), formerly the United States Customs Court, and before that the Board of General Appraisers, is an Article III court, with full powers in law and equity.
The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
In United States federal courts, magistrate judges are judges appointed to assist district court judges in the performance of their duties.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The United States Tax Court (in case citations, T.C.) is a federal trial court of record established by Congress under Article I of the U.S. Constitution, section 8 of which provides (in part) that the Congress has the power to "constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court".
The United States territorial courts are tribunals established in territories of the United States by the United States Congress, pursuant to its power under Article Four of the United States Constitution, the Territorial Clause.
William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States for 33 years, first as an Associate Justice from 1972 to 1986, and then as the 16th Chief Justice of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2005.
The Yale Law Journal is a student-run law review affiliated with the Yale Law School.
Federal District Judge, Federal Judge, Federal Judiciary, Federal district judge, Federal judge (United States), U.S. federal judge, U.S. federal judges, US Circuit Judge, US federal judge, United States Circuit Judge, United States Federal Judge, United States circuit judge, United States federal judges, Untied States federal judge.