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United States invasion of Grenada

Index United States invasion of Grenada

The United States invasion of Grenada was a 1983 invasion led by the United States of the Caribbean island nation of Grenada, which has a population of about 91,000 and is located north of Venezuela, that resulted in a U.S. victory within a matter of weeks. [1]

236 relations: A Victory for Democracy, Air Force Special Operations Command, Air National Guard, Airborne early warning and control, Altus Air Force Base, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Antonov An-12, Antonov An-124 Ruslan, Antonov An-22, Armoured personnel carrier, Assault Amphibious Vehicle, Attack aircraft, Aurelius Marie, Barbados, Battalion, Bell AH-1 Cobra, Bernard Coard, Bob Woodward, Boeing E-3 Sentry, Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight, BRDM-2, BTR-60, Canada, Caribbean, Caribbean News Agency, Caribbean Peace Force, Carriacou, Carrier Air Wing Six, Carrier onboard delivery, Chairman, Clint Eastwood, Close air support, Cold War, Commander Strike Force Training Atlantic, Commonwealth of Nations, Congressional Black Caucus, Cruise missile, Cuba, David Horowitz, Delta Force, Democratic Party (United States), Die Hard 2, Dominica, DShK, Edward Seaga, Edward Trobaugh, Eric Gairy, Ethiopia, Eugenia Charles, ..., Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, Federal government of the United States, Fidel Castro, Fort Bragg, Forward air control, Goldwater–Nichols Act, Government of the United Kingdom, Governor-general, Governor-General of Grenada, Grantley Adams International Airport, Grenada, Grenada National Party, Grenada United Labour Party, Grenadian general election, 1984, Grumman A-6 Intruder, Grumman C-1 Trader, Grumman F-14 Tomcat, Gunship, Harvard University Press, Heartbreak Ridge, Herbert Blaize, Hudson Austin, Hunter Army Airfield, Impeachment, Invasion, Iran hostage crisis, Island country, Israel, Jacqueline Creft, Jamaica, John Compton, Joseph Metcalf III, Kennedy Simmonds, Libya, List of political parties in Grenada, Lockheed AC-130, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Lockheed C-141 Starlifter, Lockheed S-3 Viking, Louis Stokes, LTV A-7 Corsair II, M102 howitzer, M151 ¼-ton 4×4 utility truck, M60 Patton, M67 recoilless rifle, M72 LAW, Margaret Thatcher, Marine Corps Base Quantico, Mass grave, Maurice Bishop, Maurice Bishop International Airport, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, MD Helicopters MH-6 Little Bird, Military dictatorship, Military Grid Reference System, Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army), Military Police Corps (United States), Milton Cato, Mongoose Gang, National Security Act of 1947, Natural Born Killers, Naval gunfire support, Naval History and Heritage Command, New Jewel Movement, Nicholas Brathwaite, Nightline, Norman Schwarzkopf Jr., Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye, Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, Paul Scoon, Pearls Airport, People's Republic of Bulgaria, People's Revolutionary Government (Grenada), Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, Political Science Quarterly, Politics of Cuba, Politics of Grenada, Pope Field, Presidency of Ronald Reagan, Prime minister, Private army, Psychological warfare, Rapid deployment force, Regional Security System, Reserve power, Rollback, Ron Dellums, Ronald Reagan, Rowman & Littlefield, RPG-7, Saint George Parish, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saturday Night Live, SEAL Team Six, Sikorsky Aircraft, Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion, Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, Soviet Union, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, St. George's University, Steven F. Hayward, Summary execution, Tactical Air Control Party, Ted Koppel, Texas Air National Guard, The Daily Nation (Barbados), The New York Times, The Pentagon, The Wolf of Wall Street (2013 film), Theodore S. Weiss, Tillman Thomas, Time (magazine), Tip O'Neill, Tom Adams (politician), Topography, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Security Council, United States, United States Air Force, United States Air Force Combat Control Team, United States Army, United States Congress, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of State, United States House of Representatives, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, United States Navy SEALs, United States Second Fleet, United States Special Operations Command, United States special operations forces, USS Caron, VA-176 (U.S. Navy), VAQ-131, VAW-122, Venezuela, Vere Bird, VFA-14 (U.S. Navy), VFA-15, VFA-32, VFA-87, Vice admiral, Vietnam War, Yes Minister, ZU-23-2, 136th Airlift Wing, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), 18th Air Support Operations Group, 18th Aviation Brigade (United States), 19th Airlift Wing, 1st Ranger Battalion (United States), 1st Special Operations Wing, 1st Sustainment Command (Theater), 20th Engineer Brigade (United States), 21st Tactical Air Support Squadron, 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit, 23d Wing, 24th Special Tactics Squadron, 27th Engineer Battalion (United States), 2nd Ranger Battalion (United States), 317th Airlift Group, 319th Military Intelligence Battalion (United States), 325th Infantry Regiment (United States), 33rd Fighter Wing, 35th Signal Brigade (United States), 437th Airlift Wing, 443d Airlift Wing, 44th Medical Brigade, 4th Psychological Operations Group, 505th Infantry Regiment (United States), 508th Infantry Regiment (United States), 519th Military Intelligence Battalion (United States), 525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade, 552d Air Control Wing, 60th Air Mobility Wing, 60th Infantry Regiment (United States), 63d Air Expeditionary Wing, 75th Ranger Regiment (United States), 7th Transportation Battalion (United States), 82-BM-37, 82nd Airborne Division, 82nd Aviation Regiment (United States), 89th Military Police Brigade (United States), 8th Marine Regiment (United States), 9th Infantry Division (United States). Expand index (186 more) »

A Victory for Democracy

"A Victory for Democracy" is the sixth episode of the BBC comedy series Yes, Prime Minister and was first broadcast 13 February 1986.

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Air Force Special Operations Command

Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC), headquartered at Hurlburt Field, Florida, is the special operations component of the United States Air Force.

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Air National Guard

The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

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Airborne early warning and control

An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.

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Altus Air Force Base

Altus Air Force Base (AAFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately east-northeast of Altus, Oklahoma.

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Angola

Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.

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Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

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Antonov An-12

The Antonov An-12 (Russian: Антонов Ан-12; NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop transport aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.

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Antonov An-124 Ruslan

The Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Антонов Ан-124 "Руслан") (NATO reporting name: Condor) is a strategic airlift jet aircraft.

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Antonov An-22

The Antonov An-22 "Antei" (An-22 Antej; English Antheus) (NATO reporting name "Cock") is a heavy military transport aircraft designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.

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Armoured personnel carrier

An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.

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Assault Amphibious Vehicle

The Assault Amphibious Vehicle (AAV)—official designation AAV-P7/A1 (formerly known as Landing Vehicle, Tracked, Personnel-7 abbr. LVTP-7)—is a fully tracked amphibious landing vehicle manufactured by U.S. Combat Systems (previously by United Defense, a former division of FMC Corporation).

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Attack aircraft

An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.

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Aurelius Marie

Aurelius John Lamothe Marie (23 December 1904 – 28 September 1995) was a politician and jurist from Dominica who served as the second President of Dominica from 1980 to 1983.

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Barbados

Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.

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Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

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Bell AH-1 Cobra

The Bell AH-1 Cobra is a two-blade, single-engine attack helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopter. It was developed using the engine, transmission and rotor system of the Bell UH-1 Iroquois. A member of the prolific Huey family, the AH-1 is also referred to as the HueyCobra or Snake. The AH-1 was the backbone of the United States Army's attack helicopter fleet, but has been replaced by the AH-64 Apache in Army service. Upgraded versions continue to fly with the militaries of several other nations. The AH-1 twin-engine versions remain in service with United States Marine Corps (USMC) as the service's primary attack helicopter. Surplus AH-1 helicopters have been converted for fighting forest fires.

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Bernard Coard

Winston Bernard Coard (born 10 August 1945) is a Grenadian politician who was Deputy Prime Minister in the People's Revolutionary Government of the New Jewel Movement.

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Bob Woodward

Robert Upshur Woodward (born March 26, 1943) is an American investigative journalist and non-fiction author.

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Boeing E-3 Sentry

The Boeing E-3 Sentry, commonly known as AWACS, is an American airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft developed by Boeing.

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Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight

The Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight is a medium-lift tandem-rotor transport helicopter powered by twin turboshaft engines.

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BRDM-2

The BRDM-2 (Boyevaya Razvedyvatelnaya Dozornaya Mashina, Боевая Разведывательная Дозорная Машина, literally "Combat Reconnaissance/Patrol Vehicle") is an amphibious armoured patrol car used by Russia and the former Soviet Union.

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BTR-60

The BTR-60 is the first vehicle in a series of Soviet eight-wheeled armoured personnel carriers (APCs).

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Caribbean

The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.

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Caribbean News Agency

Prior to the merger, the Caribbean News Agency (CANA) founded in January 1976 as successor to the former Reuters Caribbean service, created by the Caribbean region's print and broadcast media outlets.

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Caribbean Peace Force

The Caribbean Peace Force (CPF), also known as the Eastern Caribbean Peace Force (ECPF), was an OECS mandated 350-member peacekeeping force operating in Grenada, from October 1983 to June 1985, after the Invasion of Grenada, codenamed Operation Urgent Fury, by the United States of America and several other nations in response to the illegal deposition and execution of Grenadan Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.

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Carriacou

Carriacou is an island of the Grenadine Islands located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea, northeast of Grenada and the north coast of South America.

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Carrier Air Wing Six

Carrier Air Wing Six (CVW-6) was a United States Navy aircraft carrier air wing whose operational history spans from the middle of World War II to the end of the Cold War.

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Carrier onboard delivery

Carrier onboard delivery (COD) is the use of aircraft to ferry personnel, mail, supplies, and high-priority cargo, such as replacement parts, from shore bases to an aircraft carrier at sea.

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Chairman

The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.

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Clint Eastwood

Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, and political figure.

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Close air support

In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Commander Strike Force Training Atlantic

Commander, Carrier Strike Group FOUR (CCSG-4 or COMSTRKGRUFOUR) is the U.S. Fleet Forces Command formation charged with training and certifying Atlantic Fleet Carrier Strike Groups, Amphibious Ready Groups, and independently deploying surface ships.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Congressional Black Caucus

The Congressional Black Caucus is a political organization made up of the African-American members of the United States Congress.

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Cruise missile

A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.

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Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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David Horowitz

David Joel Horowitz (born January 10, 1939) is an American conservative writer.

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Delta Force

The 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D), commonly referred to as Delta Force, Combat Applications Group (CAG), "The Unit", Army Compartmented Element (ACE), or within JSOC as Task Force Green, is an elite special mission unit of the United States Army, under operational control of the Joint Special Operations Command.

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Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).

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Die Hard 2

Die Hard 2 is a 1990 American action film and the second installment in the ''Die Hard'' film series.

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Dominica

Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.

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DShK

The DShK 1938 (ДШК, for Дегтярёва-Шпагина Крупнокалиберный, Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny, "Degtyaryov-Shpagin Large-Calibre") is a Soviet heavy machine gun firing the 12.7×108mm cartridge.

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Edward Seaga

Edward Philip George Seaga (or; ON, PC; born 28 May 1930) is a former Jamaican politician.

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Edward Trobaugh

Edward L. Trobaugh (born 7 November 1932) was a United States Army Major General.

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Eric Gairy

Sir Eric Matthew Gairy PC (18 February 192223 August 1997) was the first Prime Minister of Grenada, serving from his country's independence in 1974 until his overthrow in a coup by Maurice Bishop in 1979.

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Ethiopia

Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Eugenia Charles

Dame Mary Eugenia Charles, DBE (15 May 1919 – 6 September 2005) was a Dominican politician who was Prime Minister of Dominica from 21 July 1980 until 14 June 1995.

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Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II

The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single-seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraft developed by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force (USAF).

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Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.

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Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.

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Fort Bragg

Fort Bragg, North Carolina is a military installation of the United States Army and is the largest military installation in the world (by population) with more than 50,000 active duty personnel.

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Forward air control

Forward air control is the provision of guidance to close air support (CAS) aircraft intended to ensure that their attack hits the intended target and does not injure friendly troops.

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Goldwater–Nichols Act

The Goldwater–Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of October 4, 1986, (signed by President Ronald Reagan), made the most sweeping changes to the United States Department of Defense since the department was established in the National Security Act of 1947 by reworking the command structure of the United States military.

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Government of the United Kingdom

The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Governor-general

Governor-general (plural governors-general) or governor general (plural governors general), in modern usage, is the title of an office-holder appointed to represent the monarch of a sovereign state in the governing of an independent realm.

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Governor-General of Grenada

The Governor-General of Grenada has been the representative of the Queen of Grenada since the country's independence from the United Kingdom in 1974.

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Grantley Adams International Airport

Grantley Adams International Airport (GAIA) is the international airport of Barbados, located in Seawell, Christ Church.

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Grenada

Grenada is a sovereign state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain.

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Grenada National Party

The Grenada National Party (GNP) was a conservative political party in Grenada that existed from 1955 to 1984, when it merged into the New National Party.

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Grenada United Labour Party

The Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) is a political party in Grenada.

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Grenadian general election, 1984

General elections were held in Grenada on 3 December 1984,Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p307 the first after the invasion that followed two coups.

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Grumman A-6 Intruder

The Grumman A-6 Intruder is an American, twinjet, mid-wing all-weather attack aircraft built by Grumman Aerospace.

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Grumman C-1 Trader

The Grumman C-1 Trader is a carrier onboard delivery (COD) variant of the Grumman S-2 Tracker.

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Grumman F-14 Tomcat

The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.

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Gunship

A gunship is a military aircraft armed with heavy guns, primarily intended for attacking ground targets.

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Harvard University Press

Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.

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Heartbreak Ridge

Heartbreak Ridge is a 1986 American Technicolor war film directed and produced by Clint Eastwood, who also starred in the film.

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Herbert Blaize

Herbert Augustus Blaize PC (26 February 1918 – 19 December 1989) was a Grenadian politician and leader of the Grenada National Party.

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Hudson Austin

Hudson Austin (born 26 April 1938) is a former general in the People's Revolutionary Army of Grenada.

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Hunter Army Airfield

Hunter Army Airfield, located in Savannah, Georgia, United States, is a military airfield and subordinate installation to Fort Stewart located in Hinesville, Georgia.

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Impeachment

Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government.

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Invasion

An invasion is a military offensive in which large parts of combatants of one geopolitical entity aggressively enter territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering; liberating or re-establishing control or authority over a territory; forcing the partition of a country; altering the established government or gaining concessions from said government; or a combination thereof.

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Iran hostage crisis

The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between Iran and the United States of America.

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Island country

An island country is a country whose primary territory consists of one or more islands or parts of islands.

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Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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Jacqueline Creft

Jacqueline Creft (1946 – October 19, 1983) was a Grenadian politician, one of the leaders of the revolutionary New Jewel Movement and Minister of Education in the People's Revolutionary Government from 1980 to 1983.

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Jamaica

Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.

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John Compton

Sir John George Melvin Compton, KBE, PC (29 April 1925 – 7 September 2007) was a Saint Lucian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Saint Lucia on three occasions: briefly in 1979, again from 1982 to 1996, and from 2006 until his death in 2007.

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Joseph Metcalf III

Vice Admiral Joseph Metcalf III (20 December 1927 – 2 March 2007) was born in Holyoke, Massachusetts.

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Kennedy Simmonds

Sir Kennedy Alphonse Simmonds, KCMG (born 12 April 1936), is a Saint Kitts and Nevis politician.

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Libya

Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

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List of political parties in Grenada

This article lists political parties in Grenada.

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Lockheed AC-130

The Lockheed AC-130 gunship is a heavily armed, long-endurance ground-attack variant of the C-130 Hercules transport fixed-wing aircraft.

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Lockheed C-130 Hercules

The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).

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Lockheed C-141 Starlifter

The Lockheed C-141 Starlifter was a military strategic airlifter that served with the Military Air Transport Service (MATS), its successor organization the Military Airlift Command (MAC), and finally the Air Mobility Command (AMC) of the United States Air Force (USAF).

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Lockheed S-3 Viking

The Lockheed S-3 Viking is a four-seat, twin-engine turbofan-powered jet aircraft that was used by the U.S. Navy primarily for anti-submarine warfare.

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Louis Stokes

Louis Stokes (February 23, 1925 – August 18, 2015) was an American attorney and politician.

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LTV A-7 Corsair II

The LTV A-7 Corsair II is an American carrier-capable subsonic light attack aircraft manufactured by Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) to replace the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk.

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M102 howitzer

The M102 was a light-towed 105 mm howitzer used by the United States Army in the Vietnam War, the First Gulf War, and the Iraq War.

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M151 ¼-ton 4×4 utility truck

The Truck, Utility, 1/4-Ton, 4×4, M151 or simply M151 was the successor to the Korean War M38 and M38A1 jeep Light Utility Vehicles.

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M60 Patton

The M60 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) introduced in December 1960.

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M67 recoilless rifle

The M67 recoilless rifle was a 90 mm (3.55 inch) anti-tank recoilless rifle made in the United States and later in South Korea.

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M72 LAW

The M72 LAW (Light Anti-Tank Weapon, also referred to as the Light Anti-Armor Weapon or LAW as well as LAWS Light Anti-Armor Weapons System) is a portable one-shot 66-mm unguided anti-tank weapon.

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Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.

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Marine Corps Base Quantico

Marine Corps Base Quantico (commonly abbreviated MCB Quantico) is a United States Marine Corps installation located near Triangle, Virginia, covering nearly of southern Prince William County, Virginia, northern Stafford County, and southeastern Fauquier County.

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Mass grave

A mass grave is a grave containing multiple human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial.

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Maurice Bishop

Maurice Rupert Bishop (29 May 1944 – 19 October 1983) was a Grenadian revolutionary and the leader of New Jewel Movement – popular efforts in the areas of socio-economic development, education, and Black liberation – that came to power during the 13 March 1979 revolution that removed Eric Gairy from office.

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Maurice Bishop International Airport

Maurice Bishop Airport, formerly known as Point Salines Airport, is an international airport located in the parish of St. George's.

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McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle

The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is an American twin-engine, all-weather tactical fighter aircraft designed by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) to gain and maintain air supremacy in all aspects of aerial combat.

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MD Helicopters MH-6 Little Bird

The Boeing A/MH-6M Little Bird (nicknamed the Killer Egg), and its attack variant '''AH-6''', are light helicopters used for special operations in the United States Army.

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Military dictatorship

A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.

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Military Grid Reference System

The Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) Datums, Ellipsoids, Grids, and Grid Reference Systems is the geocoordinate standard used by NATO militaries for locating points on the earth.

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Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army)

The Military Intelligence Corps (sometimes referred to as MI) is the intelligence branch of the United States Army.

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Military Police Corps (United States)

The Military Police Corps is the uniformed law enforcement branch of the United States Army.

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Milton Cato

Robert Milton Cato (3 June 1915 – 10 February 1997) was the first Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and also held the offices Premier of Saint Vincent and Chief Minister of Saint Vincent before independence.

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Mongoose Gang

The Mongoose Gang was a private army or militia which operated from 1970 to 1979 under the control of Sir Eric Gairy, the Premier and later Prime Minister of Grenada, and head of the Grenada United Labour Party.

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National Security Act of 1947

The National Security Act of 1947 was a major restructuring of the United States government's military and intelligence agencies following World War II.

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Natural Born Killers

Natural Born Killers is a 1994 American satirical black comedy crime film directed by Oliver Stone and starring Woody Harrelson, Juliette Lewis, Robert Downey Jr., Tom Sizemore, and Tommy Lee Jones.

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Naval gunfire support

Naval gunfire support (NGFS) (also known as shore bombardment) is the use of naval artillery to provide fire support for amphibious assault and other troops operating within their range.

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Naval History and Heritage Command

The Naval History and Heritage Command, formerly the Naval Historical Center, is an Echelon II command responsible for the preservation, analysis, and dissemination of U.S. naval history and heritage located at the historic Washington Navy Yard.

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New Jewel Movement

The New Joint Endeavor for Welfare, Education, and Liberation, or New JEWEL Movement (NJM) was a Marxist-Leninist vanguard party in the Caribbean island nation of Grenada that was led by Maurice Bishop.

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Nicholas Brathwaite

Sir Nicholas Alexander Brathwaite OBE (8 July 1925 – 28 October 2016) was the prime minister of Grenada from 1983 to 1984 and from 1990 to 1995.

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Nightline

Nightline (or ABC News Nightline) is ABC News' late-night news program broadcast on ABC in the United States with a franchised formula to other networks and stations elsewhere in the world.

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Norman Schwarzkopf Jr.

Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Jr. (August 22, 1934 – December 27, 2012) was a United States Army general.

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Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye

The Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is an American all-weather, carrier-capable tactical airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft. This twin-turboprop aircraft was designed and developed during the late 1950s and early 1960s by the Grumman Aircraft Company for the United States Navy as a replacement for the earlier, piston-engined E-1 Tracer, which was rapidly becoming obsolete. The aircraft's performance has been upgraded with the E-2B, and E-2C versions, where most of the changes were made to the radar and radio communications due to advances in electronic integrated circuits and other electronics. The fourth major version of the Hawkeye is the E-2D, which first flew in 2007. The E-2 was the first aircraft designed specifically for its role, as opposed to a modification of an existing airframe, such as the Boeing E-3 Sentry. Variants of the Hawkeye have been in continuous production since 1960, giving it the longest production run of any carrier-based aircraft. The E-2 also received the nickname "Super Fudd" because it replaced the E-1 Tracer "Willy Fudd". In recent decades, the E-2 has been commonly referred to as the "Hummer" because of the distinctive sounds of its turboprop engines, quite unlike that of turbojet and turbofan jet engines. In addition to U.S. Navy service, smaller numbers of E-2s have been sold to the armed forces of Egypt, France, Israel, Japan, Mexico, Singapore and Taiwan.

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Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler

The Northrop Grumman (formerly Grumman) EA-6B Prowler is a twin-engine, four-seat, mid-wing electronic warfare aircraft derived from the A-6 Intruder airframe.

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Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States

The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance between countries and dependencies in the Lesser Antilles in the Eastern Caribbean.

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Paul Scoon

Sir Paul Godwin Scoon (4 July 1935 – 2 September 2013), was Governor-General of Grenada from 1978 to 1992.

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Pearls Airport

Pearls Airport was an airport in Grenada, located at the North Eastern Corner of the island, north-east of the main town and capital St. George's (12 degrees 09 minutes North, 61 degrees 37 minutes West) with a runway set at a direction 082 degrees/262 degrees and long.

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People's Republic of Bulgaria

The People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB; Народна република България (НРБ) Narodna republika Bǎlgariya (NRB)) was the official name of Bulgaria when it was a socialist republic.

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People's Revolutionary Government (Grenada)

The People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) was proclaimed on 13 March 1979 after the New Jewel Movement overthrew the government of Grenada in a revolution.

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Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council

The permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5) are the five states which the UN Charter of 1945 grants a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.

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Political Science Quarterly

Political Science Quarterly is an American double blind peer-reviewed academic journal covering government, politics, and policy, published since 1886 by the Academy of Political Science.

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Politics of Cuba

Cuba has had a communist political system since 1959 based on the "one state – one party" principle.

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Politics of Grenada

The politics of Grenada takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government.

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Pope Field

Pope Field is a U.S. military facility located 12 miles (19 km) northwest of the central business district of Fayetteville, in Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States.

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Presidency of Ronald Reagan

The presidency of Ronald Reagan began at noon EST on January 20, 1981, when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as 40th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 1989.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Private army

A private army (or private military) is a military or paramilitary force consisting of armed combatants who owe their allegiance to a private person, group, or organization, rather than a nation or state.

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Psychological warfare

Psychological warfare (PSYWAR), or the basic aspects of modern psychological operations (PSYOP), have been known by many other names or terms, including MISO, Psy Ops, political warfare, "Hearts and Minds", and propaganda.

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Rapid deployment force

A rapid deployment force is a military formation capable of quick deployment of its forces.

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Regional Security System

The Regional Security System (RSS) is an international agreement for the defence and security of the eastern Caribbean region.

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Reserve power

In a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government, a reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state without the approval of another branch of the government.

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Rollback

In political science, rollback is the strategy of forcing a change in the major policies of a state, usually by replacing its ruling regime.

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Ron Dellums

Ronald Vernie Dellums (born November 24, 1935) is an American politician who served as Oakland's forty-eighth (and third African-American) mayor.

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Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.

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Rowman & Littlefield

Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.

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RPG-7

The RPG-7 (РПГ-7) is a portable, reusable, unguided, shoulder-launched, anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade launcher.

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Saint George Parish, Grenada

Saint George is one of the parishes of Grenada, located on the south-western end of the island.

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Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia (Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.

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Saturday Night Live

Saturday Night Live (SNL) is an American late-night live television variety show created by Lorne Michaels and developed by Dick Ebersol.

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SEAL Team Six

The United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group (NSWDG), commonly known as DEVGRU or SEAL Team Six, is the U.S. Navy component of the Joint Special Operations Command.

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Sikorsky Aircraft

The Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation is an American aircraft manufacturer based in Stratford, Connecticut.

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Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion

The CH-53 Sea Stallion is the most common name for the Sikorsky S-65 family of heavy-lift transport helicopters.

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Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk

The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.

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St. George's University

St.

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Steven F. Hayward

Steven F. Hayward is an American author, political commentator, and policy scholar, who argues for libertarian and conservative viewpoints in his writings.

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Summary execution

A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without benefit of a full and fair trial.

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Tactical Air Control Party

The Tactical Air Control Party, commonly abbreviated TACP, is a small team of air force or marine personnel who provide airspace deconfliction and terminal control of close air support at battlegroup level or below.

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Ted Koppel

Edward James Martin Koppel (born February 8, 1940) is a British-born American broadcast journalist, best known as the anchor for Nightline, from the program's inception in 1980 until 2005.

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Texas Air National Guard

The Texas Air National Guard (TX ANG) is the air force militia of the State of Texas, United States of America.

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The Daily Nation (Barbados)

The Nation Publishing Co.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Pentagon

The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C. As a symbol of the U.S. military, The Pentagon is often used metonymically to refer to the U.S. Department of Defense.

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The Wolf of Wall Street (2013 film)

The Wolf of Wall Street is a 2013 American biographical black comedy directed by Martin Scorsese and written by Terence Winter, based on the memoir of the same name by Jordan Belfort.

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Theodore S. Weiss

Theodore S. "Ted" Weiss (September 17, 1927 – September 14, 1992) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from New York serving from 1977 until his death from heart failure in New York City in 1992.

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Tillman Thomas

Tillman Joseph Thomas (born June 13, 1947, GrenadianConnection.com, July 9, 2008.) is a Grenadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Grenada from 2008 to 2013.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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Tip O'Neill

Thomas Phillip "Tip" O'Neill Jr.

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Tom Adams (politician)

Jon Michael Geoffrey Manningham "Tom" Adams (September 24, 1931 – March 11, 1985) was a Barbadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Barbados from 1976 until 1985.

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Topography

Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.

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United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; Assemblée Générale AG) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), the only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.

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United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Air Force Combat Control Team

United States Air Force Combat Control Teams, singular Combat Controller (CCT) (AFSC 1C2X1), are American special operations forces (specifically known as "special tactics operators") who specialize in all aspects of air-ground communication, including air traffic control, fire support (including fixed and rotary wing close air support), and command, control, and communications in covert, forward, or austere environments.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Department of Defense

The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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United States House of Representatives

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.

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United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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United States Navy SEALs

The United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land Teams, commonly abbreviated as the Navy SEALs, are the U.S. Navy's primary special operations force and a component of the Naval Special Warfare Command.

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United States Second Fleet

The United States Second Fleet is a numbered fleet in the United States Navy responsible for the East Coast and North Atlantic Ocean.

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United States Special Operations Command

The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM or SOCOM) is the Unified Combatant Command charged with overseeing the various Special Operations Component Commands of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States special operations forces

United States special operations forces (SOF) are components of the Department of Defense's United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM).

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USS Caron

USS Caron (DD-970) was a, named for Hospital Corpsman Third Class Wayne M. Caron (1946–1968), who was killed in action during the Vietnam War, and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

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VA-176 (U.S. Navy)

Attack Squadron 176 (VA-176), known as the "Thunderbolts", was a United States Navy carrier-based medium attack squadron that saw combat service in the Vietnam War and later in 1983 in both Grenada and Lebanon.

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VAQ-131

Electronic Attack Squadron 131 (VAQ-131), also known as the "Lancers," is a United States Navy tactical jet aircraft squadron specializing in kinetic and non-kinetic Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD).

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VAW-122

Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 122 (VAW-122) was an aviation unit of the United States Navy in service from 1 September 1967 to 31 March 1996.

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Venezuela

Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

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Vere Bird

Sir Vere Cornwall Bird Sr., KNH (9 December 1910 – 28 June 1999) was the first Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda.

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VFA-14 (U.S. Navy)

The Strike Fighter Squadron 14 (VFA-14) "Tophatters" are a United States Navy fighter attack squadron based at Naval Air Station Lemoore.

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VFA-15

Strike Fighter Squadron 15 (VFA-15) was an aviation unit of the United States Navy, based at Naval Air Station Oceana.

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VFA-32

Strike Fighter Squadron 32 (VFA-32), nicknamed the "Fighting Swordsmen" are a United States Navy strike fighter squadron presently flying the F/A-18F Super Hornet and based ashore at Naval Air Station Oceana.

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VFA-87

The Strike Fighter Squadron 87 (VFA-87) is a United States Navy strike fighter squadron based at Naval Air Station Oceana.

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Vice admiral

Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Yes Minister

Yes Minister is a political satire British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn that was first transmitted on BBC Two from 1980 to 1984, split over three seven-episode series.

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ZU-23-2

The ZU-23-2, also known as ZU-23, is a Soviet towed 23 mm anti-aircraft twin-barreled autocannon.

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136th Airlift Wing

The 136th Airlift Wing (136 AW) is a unit of the Texas Air National Guard, stationed at Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, Fort Worth, Texas.

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160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne)

The United States Army 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), abbreviated as the 160th SOAR (A) and also known as Night Stalkers, or within JSOC as Task Force Brown, is a special operations force of the United States Army that provides helicopter aviation support for general purpose forces and special operations forces.

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18th Air Support Operations Group

The 18th Air Support Operations Group is a combat support group of the United States Air Force.

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18th Aviation Brigade (United States)

The 18th Aviation Brigade ("Black Barons") is an inactive aviation brigade of the United States Army.

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19th Airlift Wing

The 19th Airlift Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Mobility Command's Eighteenth Air Force.

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1st Ranger Battalion (United States)

The 1st Ranger Battalion, currently based at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Georgia, United States, is the first of three ranger battalions belonging to the United States Army's 75th Ranger Regiment.

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1st Special Operations Wing

The 1st Special Operations Wing (1 SOW) at Hurlburt Field, Florida is one of three United States Air Force active duty Special Operations wings and falls under the Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC).

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1st Sustainment Command (Theater)

The 1st Sustainment Command (Theater) (1st TSC) is a major subordinate unit of US Army Central at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

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20th Engineer Brigade (United States)

The 20th Engineer Brigade is a combat engineer brigade assigned to the XVIII Airborne Corps of the United States Army stationed at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

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21st Tactical Air Support Squadron

The 21st Tactical Air Support Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit of the 2nd Air Division during the Vietnam War; and was organized on 8 May 1965.

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22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit

The 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit (22nd MEU) is one of seven Marine Expeditionary Units currently in existence in the United States Marine Corps.

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23d Wing

The 23d Wing is a front-line United States Air Force Air Combat Command wing currently assigned to Moody Air Force Base, Georgia.

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24th Special Tactics Squadron

The 24th Special Tactics Squadron is one of the Special Tactics units of the United States Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC).

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27th Engineer Battalion (United States)

The 27th Engineer Battalion (COMBAT)(AIRBORNE) and its subordinate companies has often used the Fort Bragg/XVIII Airborne Corps standard of "Airborne!" for its motto.

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2nd Ranger Battalion (United States)

The 2nd Ranger Battalion, currently based at Joint Base Lewis–McChord south of Seattle, Washington, United States, is the second of three ranger battalions belonging to the United States Army's 75th Ranger Regiment.

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317th Airlift Group

The 317th Airlift Wing (317 AW) is a United States Air Force unit, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas.

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319th Military Intelligence Battalion (United States)

The 319th Military Intelligence Battalion is a military intelligence battalion in the United States Army and is part of the 525th Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary).

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325th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment is a light infantry parachute insertion fighting force of the United States Army.

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33rd Fighter Wing

The 33d Fighter Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to Air Education and Training Command's Nineteenth Air Force.

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35th Signal Brigade (United States)

The 35th Signal Brigade is the largest signal unit in the world and was the only airborne signal brigade in the United States Army.

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437th Airlift Wing

The 437th Airlift Wing (437 AW) is an active unit of the United States Air Force, assigned to 18th Air Force, Air Mobility Command.

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443d Airlift Wing

The 443d Airlift Wing is an inactive unit of the United States Air Force.

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44th Medical Brigade

The 44th Medical Brigade is a US Army unit located at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, providing health care and medical services to the Fort Bragg community, and continuing training in its combat support mission.

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4th Psychological Operations Group

The 4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne) (formerly the 4th Military Information Support Group (Airborne) or 4th POG)) is one of the United States Army's active military information support operations units along with the 8th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne), which was activated 26 August 2011 at Fort Bragg. The 8th Group has responsibility for the 1st, 5th and 9th Psychological Operations battalions. The 4th Group has responsibility for the 3rd, 6th, 7th and 8th battalions, with a total of about 800 soldiers. On 21 June 2010, an announcement was made that the military intends to rename psychological operations, or PSYOP, to Military Information Support Operations. The decision, made a few days earlier by Admiral Eric Olson, Commander, United States Special Operations Command and Army's Chief of Staff General George Casey, was propagated through a memo dated 23 June 2010. By October 2017, the U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) reverted its decision changing their name back to PSYOP stating, “Psychological operations refers to the name of units, while MISO refers to the function that soldiers in PSYOP units perform.”, Army Times, by Meghann Myers, dated 6 November 2017, last accessed 4 March 2018 The unit is based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina and is a part of the 1st Special Forces Command (Airborne), under the United States Army Special Operations Command. The 4th POG was constituted 7 November 1967 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 4th Psychological Operations Group. Activated 1 December 1967 in Vietnam. Inactivated 2 October 1971 at Fort Lewis, Washington. Activated 13 September 1972 at Fort Bragg.

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505th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 505th Infantry Regiment, originally the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment (505th PIR), is an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army, one of four infantry regiments of the 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army, with a long and distinguished history.

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508th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 508th Infantry Regiment ("Red Devils" or "Fury from the Sky") is an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army, first formed in October 1942 during World War II.

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519th Military Intelligence Battalion (United States)

The 519th Military Intelligence Battalion is a unit of the United States Army.

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525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade

The 525th Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade (Expeditionary) is a unit of the United States Army specializing in the acquisition and analysis of information with potential military value.

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552d Air Control Wing

The 552d Air Control Wing is an operational wing of the United States Air Force.

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60th Air Mobility Wing

The 60th Air Mobility Wing (60 AMW) is the largest air mobility organization in the United States Air Force and is responsible for strategic airlift and aerial refueling missions around the world.

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60th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The U.S. 60th Infantry Regiment is a regimental unit in the United States Army.

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63d Air Expeditionary Wing

The 63d Air Expeditionary Wing is a provisional unit of the United States Air Force.

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75th Ranger Regiment (United States)

The 75th Ranger Regiment, also known as Army Rangers, is a light infantry airborne special operations force that is part of the United States Army Special Operations Command.

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7th Transportation Battalion (United States)

The 7th Transportation Battalion is a transportation battalion in the United States Army first constituted in 1943.

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82-BM-37

The M-37 or 82-BM-37 (батальонный миномёт) is a Soviet 82 millimeter calibre mortar designed by B.I. Szayrin and accepted into service in 1937.

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82nd Airborne Division

The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.

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82nd Aviation Regiment (United States)

The 82d Aviation Regiment is part of the Combat Aviation Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division of the U.S. Army.

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89th Military Police Brigade (United States)

The 89th Military Police Brigade is a military police brigade of the United States Army based at Fort Hood, Texas.

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8th Marine Regiment (United States)

The 8th Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.

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9th Infantry Division (United States)

The 9th Infantry Division ("Old Reliables") was created as the 9th Division during World War I, but never deployed overseas.

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Redirects here:

1983 Invasion of Grenada, 1983 invasion of Grenada, American Invasion of Grenada, American-led Invasion of Grenada, Capture of Grenada (1983), Grenada Rescue Operation, Grenada invasion, Grenada rescue operation, Grenada war, Invasion of Grenada, Invasion of Grenada (1983), Invasion of Grenada, 1983, Invasion of Greneda, Invasion of grenada, Operation Island Breeze, Operation Urgent Fury, U.S. invasion of Grenada, U.S.A. invasion of Grenada, US invasion of Grenada, USA invasion of Grenada, UnitedInvasion of Grenada, Urgent Fury, Us invasion of grenada.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_invasion_of_Grenada

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