Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Universal design

Index Universal design

Universal design (close relation to inclusive design) refers to broad-spectrum ideas meant to produce buildings, products and environments that are inherently accessible to older people, people without disabilities, and people with disabilities. [1]

77 relations: Accessibility, Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005, Aesthetics, American National Standards Institute, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Anthropometry, Architect, Assistive technology, Audiobook, Australia, Automatic door, Beijing, Biomechanics, Building, Bus, CEN/CENELEC Guide 6, Chile, China, Closed captioning, Cognition, Contrast (vision), Curb cut, Disability, Disability Discrimination Act 1992, Disability Discrimination Act 1995, Disability Discrimination Act 2005, Electric toothbrush, Equality Act 2010, European Commission, European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization, Fault tolerance, Federal government of the United States, Flexibility (engineering), France, General Services Administration, Google, India, Information and communications technology, Information society, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, Intuition, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Life expectancy, Low-floor bus, Medicine, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research, National Wheelchair Basketball Association, ..., Non-governmental organization, North Carolina State University, Norway, Old age, Ontario, Perception, Public transport, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Ronald Mace, Royal Institute of British Architects, Simplicity, Social equality, Social network, South Korea, Tactile paving, Timothy Nugent, United Kingdom, United States, University at Buffalo, University at Buffalo Libraries, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Velcro, Vietnam, Washlet, Wheelchair, Wheelchair ramp, 2008 Summer Olympics. Expand index (27 more) »


Accessibility refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people who experience disabilities.

New!!: Universal design and Accessibility · See more »

Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005

The Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005 (AODA) is a statute enacted in 2005 by the government of Ontario, Canada for the purpose of improving accessibility standards for Ontarians with physical and mental disabilities to all public establishments by 2025.

New!!: Universal design and Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005 · See more »


Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

New!!: Universal design and Aesthetics · See more »

American National Standards Institute

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.

New!!: Universal design and American National Standards Institute · See more »

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability.

New!!: Universal design and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 · See more »


Anthropometry (from Greek ἄνθρωπος anthropos, "human", and μέτρον metron, "measure") refers to the measurement of the human individual.

New!!: Universal design and Anthropometry · See more »


An architect is a person who plans, designs, and reviews the construction of buildings.

New!!: Universal design and Architect · See more »

Assistive technology

Assistive technology is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities while also including the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.

New!!: Universal design and Assistive technology · See more »


An audiobook (or talking book) is a recording of a text being read.

New!!: Universal design and Audiobook · See more »


Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

New!!: Universal design and Australia · See more »

Automatic door

An automatic door is a door that opens automatically, usually on sensing the approach of a person.

New!!: Universal design and Automatic door · See more »


Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

New!!: Universal design and Beijing · See more »


Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems, at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics.

New!!: Universal design and Biomechanics · See more »


A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory.

New!!: Universal design and Building · See more »


A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.

New!!: Universal design and Bus · See more »


CEN/CENELEC Guide 6: Guidelines for standards developers to address the needs of older persons and persons with disabilities is a document for participants in standardisation activities at CEN and CENELEC that contains guidance for the creation and the revision of standards to ensure greater accessibility of products and services.

New!!: Universal design and CEN/CENELEC Guide 6 · See more »


Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

New!!: Universal design and Chile · See more »


China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

New!!: Universal design and China · See more »

Closed captioning

Closed captioning (CC) and subtitling are both processes of displaying text on a television, video screen, or other visual display to provide additional or interpretive information.

New!!: Universal design and Closed captioning · See more »


Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".

New!!: Universal design and Cognition · See more »

Contrast (vision)

Contrast is the difference in luminance or colour that makes an object (or its representation in an image or display) distinguishable.

New!!: Universal design and Contrast (vision) · See more »

Curb cut

A curb cut (U.S.), curb ramp, dropped kerb (UK), pram ramp, or kerb ramp (Australia) is a solid (usually concrete) ramp graded down from the top surface of a sidewalk to the surface of an adjoining street.

New!!: Universal design and Curb cut · See more »


A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.

New!!: Universal design and Disability · See more »

Disability Discrimination Act 1992

The Disability Discrimination Act is an act passed by the Parliament of Australia in which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, education, publicly-available premises, provision of goods and services, accommodation, clubs and associations, and other contexts.

New!!: Universal design and Disability Discrimination Act 1992 · See more »

Disability Discrimination Act 1995

The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (informally, and hereafter, the DDA) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which has now been repealed and replaced by the Equality Act 2010, except in Northern Ireland where the Act still applies.

New!!: Universal design and Disability Discrimination Act 1995 · See more »

Disability Discrimination Act 2005

The Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c 13) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

New!!: Universal design and Disability Discrimination Act 2005 · See more »

Electric toothbrush

An electric toothbrush is a toothbrush that makes rapid automatic bristle motions, either back-and-forth oscillation or rotation-oscillation (where the brush head alternates clockwise and counterclockwise rotation), in order to clean teeth.

New!!: Universal design and Electric toothbrush · See more »

Equality Act 2010

The Equality Act 2010 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, and has the same goals as the four major EU Equal Treatment Directives, whose provisions it mirrors and implements.

New!!: Universal design and Equality Act 2010 · See more »

European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.

New!!: Universal design and European Commission · See more »

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

CENELEC (Comité Européen de Normalisation Électrotechnique; European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization) is responsible for European standardization in the area of electrical engineering.

New!!: Universal design and European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization · See more »

Fault tolerance

Fault tolerance is the property that enables a system to continue operating properly in the event of the failure (or one or more faults within) some of its components.

New!!: Universal design and Fault tolerance · See more »

Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.

New!!: Universal design and Federal government of the United States · See more »

Flexibility (engineering)

Flexibility is used as an attribute of various types of systems.

New!!: Universal design and Flexibility (engineering) · See more »


France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

New!!: Universal design and France · See more »

General Services Administration

The General Services Administration (GSA), an independent agency of the United States government, was established in 1949 to help manage and support the basic functioning of federal agencies.

New!!: Universal design and General Services Administration · See more »


Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.

New!!: Universal design and Google · See more »


India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Universal design and India · See more »

Information and communications technology

Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.

New!!: Universal design and Information and communications technology · See more »

Information society

An information society is a society where the creation, distribution, use, integration and manipulation of information is a significant economic, political, and cultural activity.

New!!: Universal design and Information society · See more »

International Electrotechnical Commission

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".

New!!: Universal design and International Electrotechnical Commission · See more »

International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

New!!: Universal design and International Organization for Standardization · See more »


Intuition is the ability to acquire knowledge without proof, evidence, or conscious reasoning, or without understanding how the knowledge was acquired.

New!!: Universal design and Intuition · See more »


Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

New!!: Universal design and Ireland · See more »


Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Universal design and Italy · See more »


Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

New!!: Universal design and Japan · See more »

Life expectancy

Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.

New!!: Universal design and Life expectancy · See more »

Low-floor bus

A low-floor bus is a bus or trolleybus that has no steps between the ground and the floor of the bus at one or more entrances, and low floor for part or all of the passenger cabin.

New!!: Universal design and Low-floor bus · See more »


Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

New!!: Universal design and Medicine · See more »

National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research

The National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) is a United States governmental agency that provides leadership and support for a comprehensive program of research related to the rehabilitation of individuals with disabilities.

New!!: Universal design and National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research · See more »

National Wheelchair Basketball Association

National Wheelchair Basketball Association (NWBA) is composed of 181 wheelchair basketball teams within twenty-two conferences.

New!!: Universal design and National Wheelchair Basketball Association · See more »

Non-governmental organization

Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.

New!!: Universal design and Non-governmental organization · See more »

North Carolina State University

North Carolina State University (also referred to as NCSU, NC State, or just State) is a public research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.

New!!: Universal design and North Carolina State University · See more »


Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

New!!: Universal design and Norway · See more »

Old age

Old age refers to ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and is thus the end of the human life cycle.

New!!: Universal design and Old age · See more »


Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

New!!: Universal design and Ontario · See more »


Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.

New!!: Universal design and Perception · See more »

Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

New!!: Universal design and Public transport · See more »

Rehabilitation Act of 1973

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973,, is a federal law, codified as et seq.

New!!: Universal design and Rehabilitation Act of 1973 · See more »

Ronald Mace

Ronald Lawrence Mace, FAIA (1941 – June 29, 1998) was an American architect, product designer, educator, and consultant.

New!!: Universal design and Ronald Mace · See more »

Royal Institute of British Architects

The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.

New!!: Universal design and Royal Institute of British Architects · See more »


Simplicity is the state or quality of being simple.

New!!: Universal design and Simplicity · See more »

Social equality

Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights and equal access to certain social goods and services.

New!!: Universal design and Social equality · See more »

Social network

A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors.

New!!: Universal design and Social network · See more »

South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

New!!: Universal design and South Korea · See more »

Tactile paving

Tactile paving (also called truncated domes, detectable warnings, Tactile Ground Surface Indicators, Tactile Walking Surface Indicators, detectable warning surfaces) is a system of textured ground surface indicator found on footpaths, stairs and train station platforms to assist pedestrians who are visually impaired.

New!!: Universal design and Tactile paving · See more »

Timothy Nugent

Timothy Nugent (January 10, 1923- November 11, 2015), who is best known as the “Father of Accessibility," founded the first comprehensive program of higher education for individuals with disabilities in 1948.

New!!: Universal design and Timothy Nugent · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: Universal design and United Kingdom · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Universal design and United States · See more »

University at Buffalo

The State University of New York at Buffalo is a public research university with campuses in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, United States.

New!!: Universal design and University at Buffalo · See more »

University at Buffalo Libraries

The University at Buffalo Libraries is the university library system of the University at Buffalo, The State University of New York.

New!!: Universal design and University at Buffalo Libraries · See more »

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.

New!!: Universal design and University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign · See more »


Velcro Companies is a privately held company that produces fasteners and other products.

New!!: Universal design and Velcro · See more »


Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Universal design and Vietnam · See more »


is a registered trademark of the Japanese toilet company Toto, referring to electric toilet seats with water spray feature for genital and anal cleansing.

New!!: Universal design and Washlet · See more »


A wheelchair, often abbreviated to just "chair", is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.

New!!: Universal design and Wheelchair · See more »

Wheelchair ramp

A wheelchair ramp is an inclined plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs.

New!!: Universal design and Wheelchair ramp · See more »

2008 Summer Olympics

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.

New!!: Universal design and 2008 Summer Olympics · See more »

Redirects here:

Barrier free, Barrier-free, Design for All (design philosophy), Design for All (inclusion), ISO 20282, Inclusive Design, Inclusive design, Universal Design, Universal access, Universal accessibility.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_design

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »