876 relations: A cappella, ABA Journal, ABC News, Academic grading in the United States, Academic Ranking of World Universities, Academic term, Academy Award for Best Actor, Academy Award for Best Picture, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, Academy Awards, Acoustical Society of America, ACT (test), Adam Duritz, Adobe Systems, AFI (band), African Americans, Alameda County, California, Albany, California, Albert Ghiorso, Alice Schwartz, Alice Waters, All the King's Men, All the King's Men (1949 film), Allan Wilson, Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Delta Phi, Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Epsilon Pi, Alpha Gamma Omega, Alpha Kappa Lambda, Alpha Phi, Alpha Sigma Phi, Alpha Tau Omega, Alphabet Inc., America East Conference, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Advertising Federation, American Civil Liberties Union, American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, American International Group, Americium, Ames test, An American in Paris, Andrew Fire, Andrew Grove, Andrew Ng, Andrew Schneider, Andy Narell, Ang Lee, Angela Bassett, ..., Anglo-Irish people, Animal rights, Animation, Ann Veneman, Antimalarial medication, Antwerp, Anywhere but Here (film), Apple Inc., ARPANET, Asian Americans, Associated Students of the University of California, Association for Computing Machinery, Association of American Universities, Association of Pacific Rim Universities, Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, Association of Research Libraries, Astatine, AT&T Corporation, Atomic Heritage Foundation, Attorney General of California, Audrey Wells, Avatar (2009 film), Émile Bénard, B'Elanna Torres, Bancroft Library, BBN Technologies, Beaux-Arts architecture, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley College, Berkeley Consulting, Berkeley Forum, Berkeley Global Campus at Richmond Bay, Berkeley Hills, Berkeley Police Department, Berkeley RISC, Berkeley Software Distribution, Berkeley Student Cooperative, Berkeley Student Food Collective, Berkeley Systems, Berkeley Timesharing System, Berkeley, California, Berkelium, Berklee College of Music, Bernard Maybeck, Bertram A. 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A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.
The ABA Journal (since 1984, formerly American Bar Association Journal, 1915–1983, evolved from Annual Bulletin, 1908–1914) is a monthly legal trade magazine and the flagship publication of the American Bar Association.
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Academic grading in the United States commonly takes on the form of five letter grades.
Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), also known as Shanghai Ranking, is one of the annual publications of world university rankings.
An academic term (or simply "term") is a portion of an academic year, the time during which an educational institution holds classes.
The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the Academy Awards presented annually since the awards debuted in 1929, by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Acoustical Society of America (ASA) is an international scientific society dedicated to generating, disseminating and promoting the knowledge of acoustics and its practical applications.
The ACT (originally an abbreviation of American College Testing) Name changed in 1996.
Adam Fredric Duritz (born August 1, 1964) is an American musician, songwriter, record producer, and film producer.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
AFI (abbreviation for A Fire Inside) is an American rock band from Ukiah, California, formed in 1991.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Alameda County is a county in the state of California in the United States.
Albany is a city in Alameda County, California.
Albert Ghiorso (July 15, 1915 – December 26, 2010) was an American nuclear scientist and co-discoverer of a record 12 chemical elements on the periodic table.
Alice Schwartz (born 1927) is an American billionaire businesswoman.
Alice Louise Waters (born April 28, 1944) is an American chef, restaurateur, activist and author.
All the King's Men is a novel by Robert Penn Warren first published in 1946.
All the King's Men is a 1949 American film noir written, produced, and directed by Robert Rossen.
Allan Charles Wilson (18 October 1934 – 21 July 1991) was a Professor of Biochemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, a pioneer in the use of molecular approaches to understand evolutionary change and reconstruct phylogenies, and a revolutionary contributor to the study of human evolution.
Alpha Chi Omega (ΑΧΩ, also known as Alpha Chi or A Chi O) is a women's fraternity founded on October 15, 1885.
Alpha Delta Phi (ΑΔΦ), commonly known as Alpha Delt, ADPhi, or ADP, is a North American Greek-letter secret and social college fraternity.
Alpha Delta Pi (ΑΔΠ or ADPi) is a National Panhellenic sorority founded on May 15, 1851 at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia.
Alpha Epsilon Pi (ΑΕΠ), commonly known as AEPi, is a college fraternity founded at New York University in 1913 by Charles C. Moskowitz.
Alpha Gamma Omega (ΑΓΩ, or AGO) was founded in 1927 at UCLA as a Christ-centered fraternity, making it one of the oldest national fraternities in the United States that has retained its Christian values.
Alpha Kappa Lambda (ΑΚΛ), commonly known as AKL, is an American collegiate social fraternity founded at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1914.
Alpha Phi International Women's Fraternity (ΑΦ) is a sorority with 170 active chapters and over 200,000 initiated members.
Alpha Sigma Phi (ΑΣΦ), commonly known as Alpha Sig, is a collegiate men's social fraternity with 161 currently active groups.
Alpha Tau Omega (ΑΤΩ), commonly known as ATO, is an American social fraternity founded at the Virginia Military Institute in 1865.
Alphabet Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Mountain View, California.
The America East Conference is a collegiate athletic conference affiliated with the NCAA Division I, whose members are located mainly in the Northeastern United States, specifically New England.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
The American Advertising Federation (AAF), headquartered in Washington, D.C., is the oldest national advertising trade association in the United States.
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a nonprofit organization whose stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States." Officially nonpartisan, the organization has been supported and criticized by liberal and conservative organizations alike.
The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) is the largest trade union of public employees in the United States.
American International Group, Inc., also known as AIG, is an American multinational finance and insurance corporation with operations in more than 80 countries and jurisdictions.
Americium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol Am and atomic number 95.
The Ames test is a widely employed method that uses bacteria to test whether a given chemical can cause mutations in the DNA of the test organism.
An American in Paris is a jazz-influenced orchestral piece by the American composer George Gershwin, written in 1928.
Andrew Zachary Fire (born April 27, 1959) is an American biologist and professor of pathology and of genetics at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Andrew Stephen 'Andy' Grove (born András István Gróf; 2 September 193621 March 2016) was a Hungarian-born American businessman, engineer, author and a pioneer in the semiconductor industry.
Andrew Yan-Tak Ng (born 1976) is a Chinese American computer scientist and entrepreneur.
Andrew Schneider is an American screenwriter and television producer, whose credits include writing for The Sopranos, Northern Exposure, and Alien Nation.
Andy Narell (born March 18, 1954) is a jazz steel drummer.
Ang Lee OBS (born October 23, 1954) is a Taiwanese film director and screenwriter.
Angela Evelyn Bassett (born August 16, 1958) is an American actress and activist.
Anglo-Irish is a term which was more commonly used in the 19th and early 20th centuries to identify a social class in Ireland, whose members are mostly the descendants and successors of the English Protestant Ascendancy.
Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.
Animation is a dynamic medium in which images or objects are manipulated to appear as moving images.
Ann Margaret Veneman (born June 29, 1949) was the Executive Director of UNICEF from 2005 to 2010.
Antimalarial medications, also known as antimalarials, are designed to prevent or cure malaria.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Anywhere but Here is a 1999 American coming-of-age comedy-drama film, based on the novel of the same name by Mona Simpson.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
The Associated Students of the University of California (ASUC) is the officially recognized students' association of UC Berkeley.
The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an international learned society for computing.
The Association of American Universities (AAU) is a binational organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education.
The Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU) is as a consortium of leading research universities located in countries and regions in the Pacific Rim.
The Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) is a research, policy, and advocacy organization of public research universities, land-grant institutions, state university systems, and higher education organizations.
The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) is a nonprofit organization of 125 research libraries at comprehensive, research institutions in the United States and Canada that share similar missions, aspirations, and achievements.
Astatine is a radioactive chemical element with symbol At and atomic number 85.
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
The Atomic Heritage Foundation (AHF) is a nonprofit organization in Washington, DC, dedicated to the preservation and interpretation of the Manhattan Project and the Atomic Age and its legacy.
The Attorney General of California is the state attorney general of the Government of California.
Audrey Wells (born April 29, 1960) is an American screenwriter, film director, and producer.
Avatar, marketed as James Cameron's Avatar, is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron, and stars Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver.
Henri Jean Émile Bénard (June 23, 1844 – October 15, 1929) was a French architect and painter.
B'Elanna Torres is a main character in Star Trek: Voyager played by Roxann Dawson.
The Bancroft Library in the center of the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, is the university's primary special-collections library.
BBN Technologies (originally Bolt, Beranek and Newman) is an American high-technology company which provides research and development services.
Beaux-Arts architecture was the academic architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, particularly from the 1830s to the end of the 19th century.
The Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive (BAM/PFA) are a combined art museum and repertory movie theater and archive, associated with the University of California, Berkeley.
Berkeley College is a private, for-profit higher education institution founded in 1931, offering undergraduate and graduate degrees specializing in business and professional studies.
Berkeley Consulting (BC) is a nonprofit student-run management consulting group started at the University of California, Berkeley in 1996.
The Berkeley Forum, commonly referred to simply as "the Forum", is a prominent student organization at the University of California, Berkeley, founded in 2012.
The Berkeley Global Campus at Richmond Bay, formerly the Richmond Bay campus and the Richmond Field Station, is a campus of the University of California, Berkeley, located in Richmond, California.
The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges that overlook the northeast side of the valley that encompasses San Francisco Bay.
The Berkeley Police Department (BPD) is the municipal police department for the city of Berkeley, California, USA.
Berkeley RISC is one of two seminal research projects into RISC-based microprocessor design taking place under ARPA's VLSI project.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
Berkeley Student Cooperative (BSC) (formerly known as University Students' Cooperative Association or the USCA) is a student housing cooperative serving primarily the University of California, Berkeley, but open to any full-time post-secondary student.
The Berkeley Student Food Collective (BSFC) is a collectively operated non-profit grocery market founded by students of the University of California, Berkeley near the Berkeley campus.
Berkeley Systems was a San Francisco Bay Area software company co-founded in 1987 by Wes Boyd and Joan Blades.
The Berkeley Timesharing System was a pioneering time-sharing operating system implemented between 1964 and 1967 at the University of California, Berkeley.
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California.
Berkelium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with symbol Bk and atomic number 97.
Berklee College of Music, located in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, is the largest independent college of contemporary music in the world.
Bernard Ralph Maybeck (February 7, 1862 – October 3, 1957) was an American architect in the Arts and Crafts Movement of the early 20th century.
Bertram Allison Bone (September 19, 1893 - October 22, 1961) was a decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Brigadier General.
Beverly Atlee Cleary (née Bunn; born April 12, 1916) is an American writer of children's and young adult fiction.
Big Game is an American college football rivalry game played by the California Golden Bears football team of the University of California, Berkeley and the Stanford Cardinal football team of Stanford University.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.
William Nelson Joy (born November 8, 1954) is an American computer scientist.
Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
The BioHub is a collaborative effort by UC Berkeley, UC San Francisco and Stanford University, who have joined forces in a new medical science research center funded by a $600 million commitment from Facebook CEO and founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan.
A blockchain, originally block chain, is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked and secured using cryptography.
Robert D. Haas (born 1942) is the Chairman Emeritus of Levi Strauss & Co., son of Walter A. Haas Jr., and the great-great-grandnephew of the company's founder, Levi Strauss.
The diffusion of plasma across a magnetic field was conjectured to follow the Bohm diffusion scaling as indicated from the early plasma experiments of very lossy machines.
Paul David Hewson, KBE OL (born 10 May 1960), known by his stage name Bono, is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist.
Bowles Hall is a coed residential college at the University of California, Berkeley, known for its unique traditions, parties, and camaraderie.
The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement (also known as the BDS Movement) is a global campaign promoting various forms of boycott against Israel until it meets what the campaign describes as " obligations under international law", defined as withdrawal from the occupied territories, removal of the separation barrier in the West Bank, full equality for Arab-Palestinian citizens of Israel, and promotion of the right of return of Palestinian refugees.
BP plc (stylised as bp), formerly British Petroleum, is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, England.
Brian Leigh Maxwell (1953 – March 19, 2004) was a Canadian athlete, track coach, entrepreneur and philanthropist.
William Broderick Crawford (December 9, 1911 – April 26, 1986) was an American stage, film, radio, and TV actor, often cast in tough-guy roles and best known for his portrayal of Willie Stark in All the King's Men and for his starring role as Chief Dan Mathews in the television series Highway Patrol (1955–1959).
Brokeback Mountain is a 2005 American neo-Western romantic drama film directed by Ang Lee and produced by Diana Ossana and James Schamus.
Bruce Nathan Ames (born December 16, 1928) is an American biochemist.
Bruno Mégret (born 4 April 1949) is a French nationalist politician.
BSD licenses are a family of permissive free software licenses, imposing minimal restrictions on the use and redistribution of covered software.
Butler W. Lampson (born December 23, 1943) is an American computer scientist best known for his contributions to the development and implementation of distributed personal computing.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The California Golden Bears are the athletic teams that represent the University of California, Berkeley.
Founded in the 1970s as the Decibelles, the California Golden Overtones (since 1984), sometimes called the Golden Overtones or the Tones, is a six- to ten-member female a cappella group at the University of California, Berkeley.
California Historical Landmarks (CHLs) are buildings, structures, sites, or places in the U.S. state of California that have been determined to have statewide historical landmark significance.
California Memorial Stadium is an outdoor football stadium on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California.
The California Nurses Association/National Nurses Organizing Committee (CNA/NNOC), is a labor union and professional association of registered nurses in the United States.
Californium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Cf and atomic number 98.
CalTV is University of California, Berkeley's ASUC sponsored online television network.
Calvin C. Moore (born November 2, 1936 in New York City) is an American mathematician who works in the theory of operator algebras and topological groups.
The campus of the University of California, Berkeley, and its surrounding community are home to a number of notable buildings by early 20th-century campus architect John Galen Howard, his peer Bernard Maybeck (best known for the San Francisco Palace of Fine Arts), and their colleague Julia Morgan.
Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.
Cancer immunotherapy (sometimes called immuno-oncology, abbreviated IO) is the use of the immune system to treat cancer.
Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Card stunts are a planned, coordinated sequence of actions performed by an audience, whose members raise cards that, in the aggregate, create a recognizable image.
Carlos Tomás Rodríguez-Pastor Persivale (born 1959) is a Peruvian billionaire businessman, and the owner of 71% of Intergroup Financial, a Peruvian banking and retail group.
Carol Tecla Christ (born 1944 in New York City) is an American academic.
Carolyn Widney "Carol" Greider (born April 15, 1961) is an American molecular biologist.
Caroline Ingalls (born Caroline Lake Quiner, December 12, 1839April 20, 1924) was the mother of Laura Ingalls Wilder, author of the Little House books.
Casa Zimbabwe, commonly referred to as CZ, is a student housing cooperative in Berkeley, California housing 124 residents.
The Center for Measuring University Performance is a research center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
The Chair of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System is the head of the Federal Reserve, which is the central banking system of the United States.
Charles Henry Ferguson (born March 24, 1955) is the founder and president of Representational Pictures, Inc., and director and producer of ''No End in Sight: The American Occupation of Iraq'' (2007) and Inside Job (2010), which won the Academy Award for Best Documentary.
Charles Willard Moore (October 31, 1925 – December 16, 1993) was an American architect, educator, writer, Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, and winner of the AIA Gold Medal in 1991.
Charles Patrick "Chuck" Thacker (February 26, 1943 – June 12, 2017) was an American pioneer computer designer.
Charles Simonyi (Simonyi Károly,; born September 10, 1948), son of Károly Simonyi, is a Hungarian-born American computer businessman.
Charlton Heston (born John Charles Carter or Charlton John Carter; October 4, 1923 – April 5, 2008) was an American actor and political activist.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
Chemical thermodynamics is the study of the interrelation of heat and work with chemical reactions or with physical changes of state within the confines of the laws of thermodynamics.
Chenming Calvin Hu is an electronic engineer who specializes in microelectronics.
Cher Wang is a Taiwanese entrepreneur and philanthropist born in Taipei, Taiwan.
Chester William Nimitz, Sr. (February 24, 1885February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy.
Chez Panisse is a Berkeley, California restaurant, known as one of the inspirations for the style of cooking known as California cuisine.
Chi Omega (ΧΩ) is a women's fraternity and the largest member of the National Panhellenic Conference, the umbrella organization of 26 women's fraternities.
Chi Phi (ΧΦ) is an American men's College Social Fraternity that was established as the result of the merger of three separate organizations that were each known as Chi Phi.
Chi Psi (ΧΨ) is a fraternity consisting of 31 active chapters (known as "Alphas") at 31 American colleges and universities.
The Chief Justice of the United States is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and thus the head of the United States federal court system, which functions as the judicial branch of the nation's federal government.
Chien-Shiung Wu (May 31, 1912 – February 16, 1997) was a Chinese-American experimental physicist who made significant contributions in the field of nuclear physics.
Christina Jean "Chris" Innis is an American film editor and filmmaker.
Christina Duckworth Romer (née Duckworth; born December 25, 1958) is the Class of 1957 Garff B. Wilson Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley and a former Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers in the Obama administration.
Claremont Club & Spa, A Fairmont Hotel is a historic hotel situated at the foot of Claremont Canyon in the Berkeley Hills and located in the Claremont district which straddles the city limits of Berkeley and Oakland.
The Claremont district is a neighborhood straddling the city limits of Oakland and Berkeley in the East Bay section of the San Francisco Bay Area in California, United States.
Clark Kerr (May 17, 1911 – December 1, 2003) was an American professor of economics and academic administrator.
College and university rankings are rankings of institutions in higher education which have been ranked on the basis of various combinations of various factors.
The College of California was the predecessor of the University of California public university system.
Collegiate Gothic is an architectural style subgenre of Gothic Revival architecture, popular in the late-19th and early-20th centuries for college and high school buildings in the United States and Canada, and to a certain extent Europe.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
There are a number of Unix-like operating systems based on or descended from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) series of Unix variants options.
The Computer History Museum (CHM) is a museum established in 1996 in Mountain View, California, US.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
The Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) was a research group at the University of California, Berkeley that was dedicated to enhancing AT&T Unix operating system and funded by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Cooking or cookery is the art, technology, science and craft of preparing food for consumption.
Cornelius Vander Starr also known as Neil Starr or C. V. Starr (October 15, 1892 – December 20, 1968) was an American businessman and operative of the Office of Strategic Services, the predecessor of the CIA, who was best known for founding in 1919 in Shanghai, China C.V. Starr & Co. (Starr Companies).
The Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) is a United States agency within the Executive Office of the President established in 1946, which advises the President of the United States on economic policy.
Counting Crows is an American rock band from Berkeley, California, formed in 1991.
Coursera is an online learning platform founded by Stanford professors Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller that offers courses, specializations, and degrees.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
CRISPR is a family of DNA sequences in bacteria and archaea.
Crossed molecular beam experiments are chemical experiments where two beams of atoms or molecules are collided together to study the dynamics of the chemical reaction, and can detect individual reactive collisions.
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a 2000 wuxia film, conceived and directed by Ang Lee.
Cuba Michael Gooding Jr. (born January 2, 1968), is an American actor and comedian.
Curium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with symbol Cm and atomic number 96.
curses is a terminal control library for Unix-like systems, enabling the construction of text user interface (TUI) applications.
A cyclotron is a type of particle accelerator invented by Ernest O. Lawrence in 1929-1930 at the University of California, Berkeley, and patented in 1932.
Dana Stewart Scott (born October 11, 1932) is the emeritus Hillman University Professor of Computer Science, Philosophy, and Mathematical Logic at Carnegie Mellon University; he is now retired and lives in Berkeley, California.
Daniel Kahneman (דניאל כהנמן; born March 5, 1934) is an Israeli-American psychologist notable for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, as well as behavioral economics, for which he was awarded the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (shared with Vernon L. Smith).
Daniel Seth Loeb (born December 18, 1961) is an American investor, hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.
In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy is an unknown form of energy which is hypothesized to permeate all of space, tending to accelerate the expansion of the universe.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military.
Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000.
David Paden Marchand (born November 20, 1975), known professionally as Davey Havok, is the lead vocalist of the American rock band AFI, the electronic music band Blaqk Audio, hardcore band XTRMST, and new wave band Dreamcar.
David Joseph Bohm FRS (December 20, 1917 – October 27, 1992) was an American scientist who has been described as one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th centuryF.
David Andrew Patterson (born November 16, 1947) is an American computer pioneer and academic who has held the position of Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley since 1976.
David Schwartz is an American composer, known for his scoring of the music for several television series.
David Dean Rusk (February 9, 1909December 20, 1994) was the United States Secretary of State from 1961 to 1969 under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends, aerobullosis, or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.
Delta Chi (ΔΧ) is an international Greek letter collegiate social fraternity formed on October 13, 1890, at Cornell University, initially as a professional fraternity for law students.
Delta Delta Delta (ΔΔΔ), also known as Tri Delta and Tri-Delt, is an international sorority founded on November 27, 1888 at Boston University by Sarah Ida Shaw, Eleanor Dorcas Pond, Isabel Morgan Breed and Florence Isabelle Stewart.
Delta Gamma (ΔΓ), commonly known as DG, is a women's fraternity in the United States and Canada with over 245,000 initiated members.
Delta Sigma Phi (ΔΣΦ), commonly known as Delta Sig, is a national men's fraternity established in 1899 at The City College of New York (CCNY).
Delta Upsilon (ΔΥ), commonly known as DU, is a collegiate men's fraternity founded on November 4, 1834 at Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts.
California is the most populous U.S. state, with an estimated 2017 population of 39.497 million.
The United States is estimated to have a population of 327,996,618 as of June 25, 2018, making it the third most populous country in the world.
Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (September 9, 1941 – October 12, 2011) was an American computer scientist.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
DHL Express is a division of the German logistics company Deutsche Post DHL providing international courier, parcel, and express mail services.
Diane B. Greene (born 1955) is an American investor and a Google board of directors member, and was a founder and the CEO of VMware from 1998 until 2008.
Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957) was a prominent Mexican painter.
The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) is a statutory office that functions as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, which in turn is a part of the United States Intelligence Community.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
The Doe Memorial Library is the main library of the UC Berkeley Library System.
Donald George Fisher (September 3, 1928 – September 27, 2009) was an American businessman and philanthropist.
Donald Oscar Pederson (September 30, 1925 – December 25, 2004) was an American professor of electrical engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, and one of the designers of SPICE, a simulator for integrated circuits that has been universally used as a teaching tool and in the everyday work of circuits engineers.
Douglas Carl Engelbart (January 30, 1925 – July 2, 2013) was an American engineer and inventor, and an early computer and Internet pioneer.
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
Downtown Berkeley is the central business district of the city of Berkeley, California, United States, around the intersection of Shattuck Avenue and Center Street, and extending north to Hearst Avenue, south to Dwight Way, west to Martin Luther King Jr.
Dubnium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol Db and atomic number 105.
Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was an American jurist and politician who served as the 30th Governor of California (1943–1953) and later the 14th Chief Justice of the United States (1953–1969).
eBay Inc. is a multinational e-commerce corporation based in San Jose, California that facilitates consumer-to-consumer and business-to-consumer sales through its website.
Edwin Thomas Shaughnessy (January 29, 1929 – May 24, 2013) was a swing music and jazz drummer best known for his long association with Doc Severinsen and The Tonight Show Band on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.
Edith Head (October 28, 1897 – October 24, 1981) was an American costume designer who won a record eight Academy Awards for Best Costume Design, starting with The Heiress (1949) and ending with The Sting (1973).
Educational accreditation is a type of quality assurance process under which services and operations of educational institutions or programs are evaluated by an external body to determine if applicable standards are met.
Edward Teller (Teller Ede; January 15, 1908 – September 9, 2003) was a Hungarian-American theoretical physicist who is known colloquially as "the father of the hydrogen bomb", although he claimed he did not care for the title.
Edward P. Tryon (born September 4, 1940) is an American scientist and a professor emeritus of physics at Hunter College of the City University of New York.
Edwin Meese III (born December 2, 1931) is an American attorney, law professor, author and member of the Republican Party who served in official capacities within the Ronald Reagan Gubernatorial Administration (1967–1974), the Reagan Presidential Transition Team (1980) and the Reagan White House (1981–1985), eventually rising to hold the position of the 75th Attorney General of the United States (1985–1988).
Einsteinium is a synthetic element with symbol Es and atomic number 99.
Electronic Arts Inc. (EA) is an American video game company headquartered in Redwood City, California.
Elevation Partners is an American private equity firm that invests in intellectual property and media and entertainment companies.
Elisabeth Ann Leamy (born September 10, 1967) is an American journalist, author and speaker.
Elizabeth Helen Blackburn, (born 26 November 1948) is an Australian-American Nobel laureate who is currently the President of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
Emeritus, in its current usage, is an adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, pope, director, president, prime minister, or other person.
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).
Eric Paul Allman (born September 2, 1955) is an American computer programmer who developed sendmail and its precursor delivermail in the late 1970s and early 1980s at UC Berkeley.
Eric Emerson Schmidt (born April 27, 1955) is an American businessman and software engineer.
Ernest Orlando Lawrence (August 8, 1901 – August 27, 1958) was a pioneering American nuclear scientist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1939 for his invention of the cyclotron.
ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).
ESPN on ABC (known as ABC Sports from 1961 to 2006) is the brand used for sports event and documentary programming televised on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in the United States.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
An ex officio member is a member of a body (a board, committee, council, etc.) who is part of it by virtue of holding another office.
Founded in 1986, the eXperimental Computing Facility (XCF) is an undergraduate computing-interest organization at University of California, Berkeley.
Fayez Sarofim (فايز صاروفيم) (born 1929) is a Coptic American heir to the Sarofim family fortune, fund manager for a number of Dreyfus family stock funds, an original and second largest shareholder of Kinder Morgan (NYSE: KMI) and part owner of the NFL team Houston Texans; ranked 5th Most Valuable NFL team worth $1.85 billion.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, commonly known as the Federal Reserve Board, is the main governing body of the Federal Reserve System.
Fermium is a synthetic element with symbol Fm and atomic number 100.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag.
Fleet admiral (abbreviated FADM), officially known as "Fleet Admiral of the United States Navy", is a five-star flag officer rank in the United States Navy.
Flora Lamson Hewlett (1914–1977) was an American philanthropist.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
In computing, particularly in the context of the Unix operating system and its workalikes, fork is an operation whereby a process creates a copy of itself.
On the corner of Hearst Avenue and Gayley Road, in Berkeley, California, lies the Founders' Rock, the spot, according to college lore, where the 12 trustees of the College of California, the nascent University of California, Berkeley, stood on April 16, 1860, to dedicate the property they had just purchased.
The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) is a physical phenomenon in which the Hall conductance of 2D electrons shows precisely quantised plateaus at fractional values of e^2/h.
Franklin Knight Lane (July 15, 1864 – May 18, 1921) was a political progressive and American Democratic politician from California who served as United States Secretary of the Interior from 1913 to 1920.
Frederick Dewayne Hubbard (April 7, 1938 – December 29, 2008) was an American jazz trumpeter.
Frederick Carlton Weyand (September 15, 1916February 10, 2010) was a United States Army general.
Frederick H. Billings (September 27, 1823 – September 30, 1890) was an American lawyer and financier.
Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was an American landscape architect, journalist, social critic, and public administrator.
Frederick Wiseman (born January 1, 1930) is an American filmmaker, documentarian, and theatre director.
The Free Speech Movement (FSM) was a massive, long-lasting student protest which took place during the 1964–65 academic year on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
Freida Lee Mock is an American filmmaker, director, screenwriter and producer.
The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright–Hays Program, is one of several United States Cultural Exchange Programs whose goal is to improve intercultural relations, cultural diplomacy, and intercultural competence between the people of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills.
FYI (stylized as fyi) is an American digital cable and satellite channel that is owned by A&E Networks, a cable network joint venture between the Disney–ABC Television Group subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company and the Hearst Communications (each own 50%).
Gamma Phi Beta (ΓΦΒ) is an international sorority that was founded on November 11, 1874, at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York.
The Gap, Inc., commonly known as Gap Inc. or Gap, (stylized as GAP) is an American worldwide clothing and accessories retailer.
Gene silencing is the regulation of gene expression in a cell to prevent the expression of a certain gene.
George Berkeley (12 March 168514 January 1753) — known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne) — was an Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others).
George Cooper Pardee (July 25, 1857 – September 1, 1941) was an American doctor of medicine and politician.
The George Polk Awards in Journalism are a series of prestigious American journalism awards presented annually by Long Island University in New York in the United States.
Gilbert Newton Lewis (October 25 (or 23), 1875 – March 23, 1946) was an American physical chemist known for the discovery of the covalent bond and his concept of electron pairs; his Lewis dot structures and other contributions to valence bond theory have shaped modern theories of chemical bonding.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source raster graphics editor used for image retouching and editing, free-form drawing, converting between different image formats, and more specialized tasks.
Charlie Yin, better known by his stage name Giraffage, is an American electronic music record producer.
Gladys Ludwina Anderson Emerson (July 1, 1903 – January 18, 1984) was an American historian, biochemist and nutritionist who researched the impact of vitamins on the body.
Glenn Theodore Seaborg (April 19, 1912February 25, 1999) was an American chemist whose involvement in the synthesis, discovery and investigation of ten transuranium elements earned him a share of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
The Richard and Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy (GSPP) is a public policy school and one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Earth is a computer program that renders a 3D representation of Earth based on satellite imagery.
Google Voice is a telephony service that provides call forwarding and voicemail services, voice and text messaging, as well as U.S. and international call termination for Google Account customers in the U.S. and Canada.
Gordon Earle Moore (born January 3, 1929) is an American businessman, engineer, co-founder and chairman emeritus of Intel Corporation, and the author of Moore's law.
The Gourmet Ghetto is a colloquial name for the business district of the North Berkeley neighborhood in the city of Berkeley, California, known as the birthplace of California cuisine.
In the United States, a board often governs institutions of higher education, including private universities, state universities and community colleges.
The Governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California.
The Governor of Michigan is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Grading in education is the process of applying standardized measurements of varying levels of achievement in a course.
The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events.
The Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in Palo Alto, California.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Eldred Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an American actor, one of the most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s.
GTK+ (formerly GIMP Toolkit) is a cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
Guggenheim Fellowships are grants that have been awarded annually since 1925 by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those "who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts".
Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (Haakon Magnus; born 20 July 1973) is the only son and younger child of King Harald V and heir apparent to the throne of Norway.
The Walter A. Haas Jr.
The Walter A. Haas School of Business, also known as the Haas School of Business or Berkeley Haas, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley.
Hamilton Othanel Smith (born August 23, 1931) is an American microbiologist and Nobel laureate.
Harold Clayton Urey (April 29, 1893 – January 5, 1981) was an American physical chemist whose pioneering work on isotopes earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 for the discovery of deuterium.
Henry Lees "Harry" Kingman (April 3, 1892 – December 27, 1982) was a first baseman in Major League Baseball.
Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling.
The Harvard Library system comprises about 76 libraries, with more than 18 million volumes.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Harvey Akio Itano (November 3, 1920 – May 8, 2010) was an American biochemist best known for his work on the molecular basis of sickle cell anemia and other diseases.
The Hayward Fault Zone is a geologic fault zone capable of generating destructive earthquakes.
The William Randolph Hearst Greek Theatre, known locally as simply the Greek Theatre, is an 8,500-seat amphitheater owned and operated by the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California, USA.
The Hearst Memorial Mining Building at the University of California, Berkeley, is home to the university's Materials Science and Engineering Department, with research and teaching spaces for the subdisciplines of biomaterials; chemical and electrochemical materials; computational materials; electronic, magnetic, and optical materials; and structural materials.
Helen Newington Wills (October 6, 1905 – January 1, 1998), also known as Helen Wills Moody and Helen Wills Roark, was an American tennis player.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
Henry Durant (June 18, 1802 in Acton, Massachusetts – January 22, 1875 in Oakland, California) was the founding president of the University of California.
The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, commonly known as the Hewlett Foundation, is a private foundation, established by Hewlett-Packard cofounder William Redington Hewlett and his wife Flora Lamson Hewlett in 1966.
A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions.
The Higher Education Recruitment Consortium (HERC) is a non-profit consortium of higher education institutions in the United States.
Hiram Warren Johnson (September 2, 1866August 6, 1945) was initially a leading American progressive and then a Liberal Isolationist Republican politician from California.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A housing cooperative, co-op, or housing company (especially in Finland), is a legal entity, usually a cooperative or a corporation, which owns real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings; it is one type of housing tenure.
How Stella Got Her Groove Back is a 1998 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Kevin Rodney Sullivan, adapted from Terry McMillan's best-selling novel of the same title.
HTC Corporation (High Tech Computer Corporation) is a Taiwanese consumer electronics company headquartered in Xindian District, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
Hubert Laws (born November 10, 1939) is an American flutist and saxophonist with a career spanning over 40 years in jazz, classical, and other music genres.
Hugh Bradner (November 5, 1915 – May 5, 2008) was an American physicist at the University of California who is credited with inventing the neoprene wetsuit, which helped to revolutionize scuba diving.
Hurling (iománaíocht, iomáint) is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic and Irish origin.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Inc. is an American weekly magazine which publishes about small businesses and startups.
Influenza vaccines, also known as flu shots or flu jabs, are vaccines that protect against infection by Influenza viruses.
Inside Job is a 2010 American documentary film, directed by Charles Ferguson, about the late-2000s financial crisis.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
Interlisp (also seen with a variety of capitalizations) is a programming environment built around a version of the Lisp programming language.
The International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU) was launched on 14 January 2006 as a co-operative network of 10 leading, international research-intensive universities who share similar visions for higher education, in particular the education of future leaders.
The International Championship of Collegiate A Cappella (ICCA), originally the National Championship of Collegiate A Cappella ("NCCA", a play on NCAA), is an international competition that attracts hundreds of college ''a cappella'' groups each year.
The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).
The International House, Berkeley is a multi-cultural residence and program center serving students at the University of California, Berkeley.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
Foreign students are those who travel to a country different from their own for the purpose of tertiary study.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000Various primary and secondary sources list counts between persons.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Irving Stone (born Tennenbaum, July 14, 1903, San Francisco, California – August 26, 1989, Los Angeles) was an American writer, chiefly known for his biographical novels of noted artists, politicians and intellectuals; among the best known are Lust for Life (1934), about the life of Vincent van Gogh, and The Agony and the Ecstasy (1961), about Michelangelo.
Isadore Manuel Singer (born May 3, 1924) is an American mathematician.
Joanne Rowling, ("rolling";Rowling, J.K. (16 February 2007).. Accio Quote (accio-quote.org). Retrieved 28 April 2008. born 31 July 1965), writing under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist, philanthropist, film and television producer and screenwriter best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series.
Jean Paul Getty (December 15, 1892 – June 6, 1976) was an American-British industrialist, and the patriarch of the Getty family.
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney; January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist.
Jack William Szostak (born November 9, 1952) is a Canadian American biologist of Polish British descent, Nobel Prize laureate, Professor of Genetics at Harvard Medical School, and Alexander Rich Distinguished Investigator at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
Jade Errol Puget (born November 28, 1973) is an American musician and producer, best known as the guitarist for the rock band AFI (joined in 1998), the guitarist/writer for the straight edge hardcore band XTRMST, and the keyboardist/synthesizer operator for the electronic duo Blaqk Audio.
James Francis CameronSpace Foundation.
James Harris "Jim" Simons (born April 25, 1938) is an American mathematician, billionaire hedge fund manager, and philanthropist.
James P. Allison (born 7 August 1948) is an American immunologist who holds the position of professor and chair of Immunology and executive director of immunotherapy platform at the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center.
James Allan Schamus (born September 7, 1959) is an American screenwriter, co-founder of Good Machine production company, and the CEO of Focus Features, the motion picture production, financing, and worldwide distribution company, until its merging with FilmDistrict.
James Dougal Adrianus "Ox" van Hoften, Ph.D. (born June 11, 1944) is an American civil and hydraulic engineer, retired U.S. Navy officer and aviator, and a former astronaut for NASA.
Janet Louise Yellen (born August 13, 1946) is an American economist.
Jann Simon Wenner (born January 7, 1946) is the co-founder and publisher of the popular culture biweekly magazine Rolling Stone, and former owner of Men's Journal magazine.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
Jay D. Keasling is a Professor of Chemical engineering and Bioengineering at the University of California, Berkeley.
Jennifer Anne Doudna (born 19 February 1964) is an American biochemist, professor of chemistry at the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, and Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the Department of Molecular and Cell Biology at the University of California, Berkeley.
Jennifer Mulhern Granholm (born February 5, 1959) is a Canadian-born American politician, lawyer, educator, author, political commentator and member of the Democratic Party who served as the Attorney General of Michigan from 1999 to 2003 and as the Governor of Michigan from 2003 to 2011.
Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown Jr. (born April 7, 1938) is an American politician, author and lawyer serving as the 39th and current Governor of California since 2011, previously holding the position from 1975 to 1983, making him the state's longest-serving Governor.
Jerry Maguire is a 1996 American romantic comedy-drama sports film written, produced and directed by Cameron Crowe, and stars Tom Cruise, Cuba Gooding Jr. and Renée Zellweger.
Gerald Patrick "Jerry" Mathers (born June 2, 1948) is an American actor.
Jerry Earl Nelson (January 15, 1944 – June 10, 2017) was an American astronomer known for his pioneering work designing segmented mirror telescopes, which led to him receiving the 2010 Kavli Prize for Astrophysics.
James Harold Doolittle (December 14, 1896 – September 27, 1993) was an American aviation pioneer.
Joan Blades (b. ca. 1956 in Berkeley, California) is an American businessperson and progressive political activist.
Joan E. Donoghue (born December 12, 1957) is an American jurist, and a Judge on the International Court of Justice.
Joe Letteri, ONZM (born 1957) is a senior visual effects artist, winner of four Academy awards, four BAFTA awards and four VES awards.
Joel Henry Hildebrand (November 16, 1881 – April 30, 1983) was an American educator and a pioneer chemist.
John Alexander McCone (January 4, 1902 – February 14, 1991) was an American businessman and politician who served as Director of Central Intelligence from 1961 to 1965, during the height of the Cold War.
John Augustus Larson (11 December 1892 – 1 October 1965) was a Police Officer for Berkeley, California, United States, and famous for his invention of modern polygraph used in forensic investigations.
John Davison Rockefeller Jr. (January 29, 1874 – May 11, 1960) was an American financier and philanthropist who was a prominent member of the Rockefeller family.
John Galen Howard (May 8, 1864 in Chelmsford, Massachusetts – July 18, 1931 in San Francisco, California) was an American architect who began his career in New York before moving to San Francisco, California.
John Norris Bahcall (December 30, 1934 – August 17, 2005) was an American astrophysicist, best known for his contributions to the solar neutrino problem, the development of the Hubble Space Telescope and for his leadership and development of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.
John Kenneth Ousterhout (born October 15, 1954) is the chairman of Electric Cloud, Inc. and a professor of computer science at Stanford University.
John S. Riccitiello is an American business executive and investor.
Joseph Esherick (December 28, 1914 – December 17, 1998) was an American architect.
Julia Morgan (January 20, 1872 – February 2, 1957) was an American architect.
The Juris Doctor degree (J.D. or JD), also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree (J.D., JD, D.Jur. or DJur), is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degrees.
KALX (90.7 FM) is an FM radio station that broadcasts from the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California, United States.
Kappa Alpha Order (KA), commonly known as Kappa Alpha or simply KA, is a social fraternity and a fraternal order founded in 1865 at Washington College in Lexington, Virginia.
Kappa Alpha Theta (ΚΑΘ), also known simply as Theta, is an international sorority founded on Jan.
Kappa Delta Rho (ΚΔΡ), commonly known as KDR, is an American college social fraternity, with 82 chapters (40 of which are active) spread out over the United States, primarily in the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions.
Kappa Kappa Gamma (ΚΚΓ), also known simply as Kappa or KKG, is a collegiate sorority, founded at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois, United States.
Karen Trust Grassle (born February 25, 1942) is an American actress, known for her role as Caroline Ingalls, the wife of Michael Landon's character and the mother of Melissa Sue Anderson’s and Melissa Gilbert's character, in the NBC television drama series Little House on the Prairie.
Karmarkar's algorithm is an algorithm introduced by Narendra Karmarkar in 1984 for solving linear programming problems.
Kary Banks Mullis (born December 28, 1944) is a Nobel Prize-winning American biochemist.
Katherine Whitton Baker (born June 8, 1950) is an American stage, film and television actress.
Kenneth Cutts Richard Cabot Arnold is an American computer programmer well known as one of the developers of the 1980s dungeon-crawling video game Rogue, for his contributions to the original Berkeley (BSD) distribution of Unix, for his books and articles about C and C++ (e.g. his 1980s–1990s Unix Review column, "The C Advisor"), and his high-profile work on the Java platform.
Kenneth Lane "Ken" Thompson (born February 4, 1943), commonly referred to as ken in hacker circles, is an American pioneer of computer science.
Kenneth P. Moritsugu (born March 5, 1945) is an American physician and public health administrator.
KGO-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is an ABC owned-and-operated television station licensed to San Francisco, California, United States and serving the San Francisco Bay Area.
Khan Academy is a non-profit educational organization created in 2006 by educator Salman Khan with a goal of creating a set of online tools that help educate students.
Kim Karin Polese (born November 13, 1961) is a Silicon Valley entrepreneur and technology executive.
King Kong is a 2005 epic monster adventure film co-written, produced, and directed by Peter Jackson.
Kiplinger is a Washington, D.C.-based publisher of business forecasts and personal finance advice, available in print and online.
Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch, December 9, 1916) is an American actor, producer, director, and author.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.
Larry Lee Hillblom (May 12, 1943 – May 21, 1995) was an American businessman, and a co-founder of the shipping company DHL Worldwide Express.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of distinction with which an academic degree has been earned.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), commonly referred to as Berkeley Lab, is a United States national laboratory located in the Berkeley Hills near Berkeley, California that conducts scientific research on behalf of the United States Department of Energy (DOE).
The Lawrence Hall of Science is a public science center that offers hands-on science exhibits, designs curriculum, aids professional development, and offers after school science resources to students of all ages.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is an American federal research facility in Livermore, California, United States, founded by the University of California, Berkeley in 1952.
Lawrencium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol Lr (formerly Lw) and atomic number 103.
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is one of the most popular green building certification programs used worldwide.
Leave It to Beaver is an American television sitcom about an inquisitive and often naïve boy, Theodore "The Beaver" Cleaver (portrayed by Jerry Mathers), and his adventures at home, in school, and around his suburban neighborhood.
Leigh William Steinberg (born March 27, 1949) is an American sports agent.
Leon F. Litwack (born December 2, 1929) is an American historian whose scholarship focuses on slavery, the Reconstruction Era of the United States, and its aftermath into the 20th century.
Leroy Chiao (born August 28, 1960) is an American engineer, former NASA astronaut, entrepreneur, motivational speaker, and engineering consultant.
Leroy Sievers (June 16, 1955 – August 15, 2008) was a journalist who won 12 national news Emmy Awards, two Peabody Awards, and two Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards.
"Let there be light" is an English translation of the Hebrew (yehi 'or) found in Genesis 1:3 of the Torah, the first part of the Hebrew Bible.
Levi Strauss & Co. is a privately held American clothing company known worldwide for its Levi's brand of denim jeans.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Sir Ka-shing Li, GBM, KBE, JP (born on 29 July 1928 in Chao'an, Chaozhou) is a Hong Kong business magnate, investor, and philanthropist.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
The light-independent reactions, or dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
The following list shows the number of Olympic medals won by students or alumni of American universities - not necessarily representing the United States - in Olympic Games up through 2016 Rio Summer Olympics.
This is a list of companies founded by University of California, Berkeley alumni, including attendees who enrolled in degree-programs at Berkeley but did not eventually graduate.
The following list comprehensively shows Fields Medal winners by university affiliations since 1936 (as of 2017, 56 winners in total).
This list of the largest optical reflecting telescopes with objective diameters of or greater is sorted by aperture, which is one limit on the light-gathering power and resolution of a reflecting telescope's optical assembly.
This list of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley comprehensively shows the faculty members and researchers as well as graduates and other students of the University of California, Berkeley, who were awarded the Nobel Prize and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
This list of Nobel laureates by university affiliation shows comprehensively the university affiliations of individual winners of the Nobel Prize and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences since 1901 (as of 2017, 892 individual laureates in total).
The following list comprehensively shows Turing Award laureates by university affiliations since 1966 (as of 2018, 67 winners in total), grouped by their current and past affiliation to academic institutions.
Protests against the Vietnam War took place in the 1960s and 1970s.
Little House on the Prairie (known as Little House: A New Beginning in its final season) is an American western drama television series, starring Michael Landon, Melissa Gilbert, Karen Grassle, and Melissa Sue Anderson, about a family living on a farm in Walnut Grove, Minnesota, in the 1870s and 1880s.
Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos or LANL for short) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory initially organized during World War II for the design of nuclear weapons as part of the Manhattan Project.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Lowell Milken (born November 29, 1948), the younger brother of Michael Milken, is co-founder of Knowledge Universe, a provider of early childhood education (ECE).
A loyalty oath is an oath of loyalty to an organization, institution, or state of which an individual is a member.
LSI Corporation was an American company based in San Jose, California which designed semiconductors and software that accelerate storage and networking in data centers, mobile networks and client computing.
Lust for Life is a 1956 American MGM biographical film about the life of the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh, based on the 1934 novel of the same name by Irving Stone and adapted by Norman Corwin.
Lust for Life (1934) is a biographical novel written by Irving Stone based on the life of the famous Dutch painter, Vincent van Gogh, and his hardships.
Lydia Selina Dunn, Baroness Dunn, DBE, JP (born 29 February 1940) is a Hong Kong-born British businesswoman and politician.
Lynne Greer Jolitz (born June 30, 1961) is a figure in free software and founded many startups in Silicon Valley with her husband William.
The MacArthur Fellows Program, MacArthur Fellowship, or "Genius Grant", is a prize awarded annually by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation typically to between 20 and 30 individuals, working in any field, who have shown "extraordinary originality and dedication in their creative pursuits and a marked capacity for self-direction" and are citizens or residents of the United States.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.
Marc Tarpenning (born June 1, 1964) is an American engineer and entrepreneur.
Margaret Rhea Seddon (born November 8, 1947) is a physician and retired NASA astronaut.
Marguerite Higgins Hall (September 3, 1920January 3, 1966) was an American reporter and war correspondent.
Marian Diamond (née Cleeves; November 11, 1926 – July 25, 2017) was a pioneering scientist and educator who is considered one of the founders of modern neuroscience.
Marié Christina Digby (born April 16, 1983) is an American singer, songwriter, guitarist, and pianist.
Marion Nestle (born 1936) is an American academic.
Mark Elliot Zuckerberg (born May 14, 1984) is an American technology entrepreneur and philanthropist best known for co-founding and leading Facebook as its chairman and chief executive officer.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
Martin David Kamen (August 27, 1913, Toronto – August 31, 2002) was a chemist briefly involved with the Manhattan project.
Marvell Technology Group, Limited, is a producer of storage, communications and consumer semiconductor products.
is a Japanese business magnate and investor of Korean descent who is the founder and current chief executive officer of Japanese holding conglomerate SoftBank, the chief executive officer of SoftBank Mobile, current chairman of U.S.-based Sprint Corporation and chairman of U.K.-based Arm Holdings.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management).
The Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) is an independent nonprofit mathematical research institution in Berkeley, California.
Matthew Nicholas Biondi (born October 8, 1965) is an American former competition swimmer, eleven-time Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder in five events.
Matt Richtel (born October 2, 1966 in Los Angeles) is an American writer and journalist for The New York Times.
Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision is a 1994 documentary film made by Freida Lee Mock about the life of American artist Maya Lin, whose best-known work is the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. The film won the 1994 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.
A medical school is a tertiary educational institution —or part of such an institution— that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons.
Melvin Ellis Calvin (April 8, 1911 – January 8, 1997) was an American biochemist most famed for discovering the Calvin cycle along with Andrew Benson and James Bassham, for which he was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Mendel Rosenblum (born 1962) is a professor of Computer Science at Stanford University and one of the co-founders of VMware.
Mendelevium is a synthetic element with chemical symbol Md (formerly Mv) and atomic number 101.
Carlotta Mercedes Agnes McCambridge (March 16, 1916 – March 2, 2004) was an American actress of radio, stage, film, and television.
Within Internet message handling services (MHS), a message transfer agent or mail transfer agent (MTA) or mail relay is software that transfers electronic mail messages from one computer to another using a client–server application architecture.
Michael Jay Boskin (born September 23, 1945) is the T. M. Friedman Professor of Economics and senior fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution.
Michael Robert Milken (born July 4, 1946) is an American former financier and philanthropist.
Michael Blieden Wolff (born July 31, 1952) is an American jazz pianist.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni or more commonly known by his first name Michelangelo (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art.
Michele Tafoya Vandersall (born December 17, 1964), known professionally as Michele Tafoya, is an American sportscaster.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
Winifred Mitchell Baker (born 1959) is the Executive Chairwoman of the Mozilla Foundation and of Mozilla Corporation, a subsidiary of the Mozilla Foundation that coordinates development of the open source Mozilla Internet applications, including the Mozilla Firefox web browser and the Mozilla Thunderbird email client.
Mohammad-Javad Larijani (محمدجواد لاریجانی) is an Iranian conservative politician, mathematical logician and former diplomat.
The molecular clock is a technique that uses the mutation rate of biomolecules to deduce the time in prehistory when two or more life forms diverged.
Molecular genetics is the field of biology that studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level and thus employs methods of both molecular biology and genetics.
Mona Simpson (née Jandali; June 14, 1957) is an American novelist.
Monoclonal antibody therapy is a form of immunotherapy that uses monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to bind monospecifically to certain cells or proteins.
The Morris worm or Internet worm of November 2, 1988, was one of the first computer worms distributed via the Internet.
NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is the web browser that popularized the World Wide Web and the Internet.
Mostafa Chamran Save'ei (مصطفی چمران ساوهای) (8 March 1932 – 21 June 1981, Tehran, Iran) was an Iranian physicist, politician, commander and guerrilla who served as the first defense minister of post-revolutionary Iran and as member of parliament, as well as the commander of paramilitary volunteers in Iran–Iraq War, known as "Irregular Warfare Headquarters".
The Mountain Pacific Sports Federation (MPSF) is a college athletic conference whose member teams are located in the western United States.
MoveOn (formerly known as MoveOn.org) is an American progressive public policy advocacy group and political action committee.
The Mozilla Corporation (stylized as moz://a) is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Mozilla Foundation that coordinates and integrates the development of Internet-related applications such as the Firefox web browser, SeaMonkey Internet suite, and the Mozilla Thunderbird email client by a global community of open-source developers, some of whom are employed by the corporation itself.
Ms. is an American liberal feminist magazine co-founded by second-wave feminists and sociopolitical activists Gloria Steinem and Dorothy Pitman Hughes.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Myspace (stylized as MySpace) is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos.
The NACDA Learfield Directors' Cup is an award given annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the colleges and universities in the United States with the most success in collegiate athletics.
Narendra Krishna Karmarkar (born 1957) is an Indian mathematician, who developed Karmarkar's algorithm.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Nathaniel Simons (born 1966) is a US businessman and philanthropist.
Natalie Anne Coughlin Hall (born August 23, 1982) is an American competition swimmer and twelve-time Olympic medalist.
The National Academy of Engineering (NAE) is an American nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) is a state-federal partnership to develop and deploy national-scale cyberinfrastructure that advances research, science and engineering based in the United States of America.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.
The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
The National Medal of Science is an honor bestowed by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and physics.
The National Medal of Technology and Innovation (formerly the National Medal of Technology) is an honor granted by the President of the United States to American inventors and innovators who have made significant contributions to the development of new and important technology.
The National Merit Scholarship Program is a United States academic scholarship competition for recognition and university scholarships administered by the National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC), a privately funded, not-for-profit organization based in Evanston, Illinois.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
The National Student Advertising Competition is the premier college advertising competition that provides more than 2,000 college students the real-world experience of creating a strategic advertising/marketing/media campaign for a corporate client.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
The Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC) program is a college-based, commissioned officer training program of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps.
NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
Neptunium is a chemical element with symbol Np and atomic number 93.
Neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity and neural plasticity, is the ability of the brain to change throughout an individual's life, e.g., brain activity associated with a given function can be transferred to a different location, the proportion of grey matter can change, and synapses may strengthen or weaken over time.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
Nicholas B. Dirks is an American academic and the former Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Nobelium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol No and atomic number 102.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Norman Yoshio Mineta (born November 12, 1931) is an American politician.
The North American Students of Cooperation (NASCO) is a federation of housing cooperatives in Canada and the United States, started in 1968.
Northside is a principally residential neighborhood in Berkeley, California, located north of the University of California, Berkeley campus, east of Oxford Street, and south of Cedar Street.
The National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program (NSF-GRFP) is an annual grant awarded by the National Science Foundation to approximately 2,000 students pursuing research-based Master's and doctoral degrees in the natural, social, and engineering sciences at US institutions.
Nu Alpha Kappa (ΝΑΚ), is a California and Colorado Latino-based fraternity, which encompasses and values all cultures.
A nuclear weapon is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb).
Oakland is the largest city and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States.
Oliver Prince Smith (October 26, 1893 – December 25, 1977) was a highly decorated combat veteran of World War II and the Korean War.
Omega Phi Beta (ΩΦΒ) is a sorority founded on March 15, 1989 at the State University of New York in Albany, New York by seventeen women of diverse cultural and ethnic backgrounds.
An oncogene is a gene that has the potential to cause cancer.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War began with demonstrations in 1964 against the escalating role of the U.S. military in the Vietnam War and grew into a broad social movement over the ensuing several years.
Opsware, Inc. was a software company based in Sunnyvale, California, that offered products for server and network device provisioning, configuration, and management targeted toward enterprise customers.
Oscar De La Hoya (born February 4, 1973) is an American boxing promoter and former professional boxer who competed from 1992 to 2008.
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.
Oski or Oski the Bear (named after the Oski Yell) is the official mascot of the University of California, Berkeley.
The Oski Yell is the University of California Berkeley spirit yell from which Cal's mascot, Oski the Bear, derives his name.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
The Pac-12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference that operates in the Western United States, participating in 24 sports at the NCAA Division I level.
The Palace of Fine Arts in the Marina District of San Francisco, California, is a monumental structure originally constructed for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition in order to exhibit works of art presented there.
Panoramic Hill is a residential neighborhood of the cities of Berkeley and Oakland, California defined by the homes along and within the access corridor defined by Panoramic Way.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
In quantum mechanics, a parity transformation (also called parity inversion) is the flip in the sign of one spatial coordinate.
A particle accelerator is a machine that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly light speed and to contain them in well-defined beams.
Paul E. Jacobs (born October 30, 1962) is an American businessman and the former Executive Chairman of Qualcomm.
Paul Merage (born 1934) is an American businessman who co-founded Chef America Inc. that popularized the concept of microwavable frozen meals.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
The PDP-10 is a mainframe computer family manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1966 into the 1980s.
The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government.
Pei-Yuan Wei is the creator of ViolaWWW, the first popular graphical web browser.
A Pell Grant is a subsidy the U.S. federal government provides for students who need it to pay for college.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
People is an American weekly magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Meredith Corporation.
People's Park in Berkeley, California is a park located off Telegraph Avenue, bounded by Haste and Bowditch streets and Dwight Way, near the University of California, Berkeley.
Peptoids, or poly-N-substituted glycines, are a class of peptidomimetics whose side chains are appended to the nitrogen atom of the peptide backbone, rather than to the α-carbons (as they are in amino acids).
The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties, whose structure shows periodic trends.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Peter Barton Wilson (born August 23, 1933) is an American politician.
Peter H. Duesberg (born December 2, 1936) is a German American molecular biologist and a professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley.
Peter E. Haas (December 20, 1918 - December 3, 2005) December 14, 2005 was an American businessman who served as president and CEO (1976–2005) and chairman (1981–1989) of the Levi Strauss & Co.
Sir Peter Robert Jackson (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter and film producer.
Peter Mattis is an American computer programmer, entrepreneur, and business executive.
Peter H. Smith is a Professor Emeritus (he retired in 2013) at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory of the University of Arizona, where he holds the inaugural Thomas R. Brown Distinguished Chair in Integrative Science.
Peter Andreas Thiel (born October 11, 1967) is an American entrepreneur, venture capitalist, philanthropist, political activist, and author.
Phi Delta Theta (ΦΔΘ), commonly known as Phi Delt, is an international social fraternity founded at Miami University in 1848 and headquartered in Oxford, Ohio.
Phi Kappa Psi (ΦΚΨ), commonly known as Phi Psi, is an American collegiate social fraternity that was founded by William Henry Letterman and Charles Page Thomas Moore in the southwest corner of the second floor of Widow Letterman's home on the campus of Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania on February 19, 1852.
Phi Kappa Tau (ΦΚΤ), commonly known as Phi Tau, is a collegiate fraternity located in the United States.
Philip Chapman Lesh (born March 15, 1940) is a musician and a founding member of the Grateful Dead, with whom he played bass guitar throughout their 30-year career.
The Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology (formerly the Lowie Museum of Anthropology) is an anthropology museum located in Berkeley, California on the University of California, Berkeley campus.
Phoebe Elizabeth Apperson Hearst (December 3, 1842 – April 13, 1919) was an American philanthropist, feminist and suffragist.
Phoenix was a robotic spacecraft on a space exploration mission on Mars under the Mars Scout Program.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Pi Beta Phi (ΠΒΦ), often known simply as Pi Phi, is an international women's fraternity founded at Monmouth College, in Monmouth, Illinois on April 28, 1867 as I.C. Sorosis, the first national secret college society of women to be modeled after the men's Greek-letter fraternity.
Pi Kappa Alpha (ΠΚΑ), commonly known as Pike, is a college fraternity founded at the University of Virginia in 1868.
Pi Kappa Phi (ΠΚΦ) commonly known as Pi Kapp, is an American Greek Letter secret and social fraternity.
Pi Lambda Phi (ΠΛΦ), commonly known as PiLam, is a social fraternity with 148 chapters (67 active) and 15 colonies in the United States and Canada.
Piedmont Avenue is a street in the city of Berkeley, California.
Pierre Morad Omidyar (پیر مراد امیدیار, born June 21, 1967) is a French-American billionaire entrepreneur and philanthropist of Iranian parentage.
The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, also known as "the Trib," was the second largest daily printed newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States until it transitioned to an all-digital format on December 1, 2016.
Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94.
A polygraph, popularly referred to as a lie detector, measures and records several physiological indices such as blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and skin conductivity while a person is asked and answers a series of questions.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used in molecular biology to amplify a single copy or a few copies of a segment of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.
PowerBar, Inc. is an American maker of energy bars and other related products including sports drinks, gels, and the Pria bars targeted at women.
The President of Pakistan (صدر مملکت پاکستان —), is the ceremonial head of state of Pakistan and a figurehead who represents the "unity of the Republic." in Chapter 1: The President, Part III: The Federation of Pakistan in the Constitution of Pakistan.
The Prime Minister of Pakistan (وزِیرِ اعظم —,; lit. "Grand Vizier") is the head of government of Pakistan and designated as the "chief executive of the Republic".
A principal investigator (PI) is the holder of an independent grant administered by a university and the lead researcher for the grant project, usually in the sciences, such as a laboratory study or a clinical trial.
Priscilla Chan (born February 24, 1985) is an American pediatrician and philanthropist.
Prithviraj Chavan (born 17 March 1946) is an Indian politician who was the 17th Chief Minister of Maharashtra, a state in Western India.
The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually "to honor a living architect or architects whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture." Founded in 1979 by Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy, the award is funded by the Pritzker family and sponsored by the Hyatt Foundation.
Project Genie was a computer research project started in 1964 at the University of California, Berkeley.
Prospect theory is a behavioral economic theory that describes the way people choose between probabilistic alternatives that involve risk, where the probabilities of outcomes are known (.
"Public Ivy" is a term coined by Richard Moll in his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities to refer to US universities that are claimed to provide an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price.
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music.
This Pulitzer Prize has been awarded since 1942 for a distinguished example of reporting on national affairs.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
Qualcomm is an American multinational semiconductor and telecommunications equipment company that designs and markets wireless telecommunications products and services.
Quidditch is a sport of two teams of seven players each mounted on broomsticks played on a hockey rink-sized pitch.
Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India.
Randal Howard "Rand" Paul (born January 7, 1963) is an American politician and physician serving as the junior United States Senator from Kentucky since 2011, alongside Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.
Randi Mayem Singer is an American screenwriter, producer and showrunner best known for writing the screenplay to the 20th Century Fox blockbuster Mrs. Doubtfire starring Robin Williams and Sally Field.
RedOctane was an American electronic entertainment company best known for producing the ''Guitar Hero'' series beginning in November 2005.
The Regents of the University of California is the governing board of the University of California system.
Renaissance Technologies LLC is an East Setauket, New York-based American hedge fund firm founded in 1982 by James Simons, an award-winning mathematician and former Cold War code breaker, which specializes in systematic trading using quantitative models derived from mathematical and statistical analyses.
A research university is a university that expects all its tenured and tenure-track faculty to continuously engage in research, as opposed to merely requiring it as a condition of an initial appointment or tenure.
The Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) are a group of college and university-based officer training programs for training commissioned officers of the United States Armed Forces.
A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cleaves DNA into fragments at or near specific recognition sites within the molecule known as restriction sites.
Rex Joseph Walheim (born October 10, 1962) is a United States Air Force officer, engineer and a NASA astronaut.
Rhoda Haas Goldman (1924 – February 17, 1996) was an American philanthropist in San Francisco, California.
Richard Henry Bolt Ph.D., better known as Richard Bolt or Dick Bolt, (Peking, China, April 22, 1911 – Boston, Massachusetts, January 13, 2002) was an American physics professor at MIT with an interest in acoustics.
Richard Charles Blum (born July 31, 1935Abate, Tom. (May 11, 2003)., San Francisco Chronicle, pp. I1-I2.) is an American investment banker.
Richard O. Buckius (born 1950) is an American engineer and Chief Operating Officer for the National Science Foundation.
Richmond is a city in western Contra Costa County, California, United States.
Rimon P.C. is a law firm in the United States, Israel, Europe, and China that specializes in corporate law, litigation, financial services, private client services, life sciences, intellectual property, and tax law.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
RNA interference (RNAi) is a biological process in which RNA molecules inhibit gene expression or translation, by neutralizing targeted mRNA molecules.
Robert Betts Laughlin (born November 1, 1950) is the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Physics and Applied Physics at Stanford University.
Robert Gordon Sproul (May 22, 1891 – September 10, 1975) was the first system-wide President (1952-1958) of the University of California system, and the last President (11th) of the University of California, Berkeley, serving from 1930 to 1952.
Robert Joseph Birgeneau (born March 25, 1942) is a Canadian-American physicist and university administrator.
Robert Strange McNamara (June 9, 1916 – July 6, 2009) was an American business executive and the eighth Secretary of Defense, serving from 1961 to 1968 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.
Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic and was one of the founders of New Criticism.
Robert Bernard Reich (born June 24, 1946) is an American political commentator, professor, and author.
Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951 – August 11, 2014) was an American actor and comedian.
Rodrigo de Rato y Figaredo (born 18 March 1949) is a Spanish political figure who served in the government of Spain as Minister of the Economy from 1996 to 2004; a member of the conservative People's Party (PP), he was also First Deputy Prime Minister from 2003 to 2004.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
Rotten Tomatoes is an American review-aggregation website for film and television.
Roxann Dawson (née Caballero, also credited as Roxann Biggs and Roxann Biggs-Dawson) is an American actress, producer, and director and writer, best known as B'Elanna Torres on the television series Star Trek: Voyager.
Reuben Garrett Lucius Goldberg (July 4, 1883 – December 7, 1970), known best as Rube Goldberg, was an American cartoonist, sculptor, author, engineer, and inventor.
A Rube Goldberg machine is a machine intentionally designed to perform a simple task in an indirect and overcomplicated fashion.
Rubik's Cube is a 3-D combination puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik.
Rudy Park is a syndicated comic strip created by Darrin Bell and Theron Heir that is distributed by The Washington Post Writers Group.
Rutherfordium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol Rf and atomic number 104, named after physicist Ernest Rutherford.
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
Salman Khan (born October 11, 1976) is a Bangladeshi-American educator and entrepreneur who founded the Khan Academy, a free online education platform and an organization with which he has produced over 6,500 video lessons teaching a wide spectrum of academic subjects, originally focusing on mathematics and sciences.
Sally Margaret Field (born November 6, 1946) is an American actress and director.
Salon is an American news and opinion website, created by David Talbot in 1995 and currently owned by the Salon Media Group.
Samuel Ruben (born Charles Rubenstein; November 5, 1913 – September 28, 1943) was an American chemist.
SanDisk is a manufacturer of flash memory products, including memory cards and readers, USB flash drives, and solid state drives.
Sanford Diller (June 4, 1928 – February 2, 2018) was an American billionaire and founder of Prometheus Real Estate Group.
Sanjay Mehrotra is the CEO of Micron Technology and co-founder of SanDisk.
The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.
Sather Gate is a prominent landmark separating Sproul Plaza from the bridge over Strawberry Creek, leading to the center of the University of California, Berkeley campus.
Sather Tower is a campanile (clock tower), with clocks on its four faces, on the University of California, Berkeley campus, more commonly known as The Campanile for its resemblance to the Campanile di San Marco in Venice.
Saul Perlmutter (born September 22, 1959) is a U.S. astrophysicist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
"Say It Again" is the first single of Marie Digby's debut album Unfold.
Scharffen Berger Chocolate is a line of chocolate produced by Artisan Confections Company, a subsidiary of The Hershey Company.
The SDS 940 was Scientific Data Systems' (SDS) first machine designed to directly support time-sharing.
Seaborgium is a synthetic chemical element with symbol Sg and atomic number 106.
Second Empire is an architectural style, most popular in the latter half of the 19th century and early years of the 20th century.
Sehat Sutardja (Se-hát Su-ta_ra; born c. 1961 in Jakarta, Indonesia), is the co-founder of Marvell Technology Group; formerly chief executive officer and a director.
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
Sendmail is a general purpose internetwork email routing facility that supports many kinds of mail-transfer and delivery methods, including the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) used for email transport over the Internet.
Shantanu Narayen (Telugu: శాంతను నారాయణ్; born 27 May 1963) is an Indian American business executive, and the CEO of Adobe Systems, and president of the board of the Adobe Foundation.
Shiing-Shen Chern (October 26, 1911 – December 3, 2004) was a Chinese-American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to differential geometry and topology.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.
Sigma Alpha Epsilon (ΣΑΕ), commonly known as SAE, is a North American Greek-letter social college fraternity.
Sigma Alpha Mu (ΣΑΜ), commonly known as Sammy, is a college fraternity founded at the City College of New York in 1909.
Sigma Chi (ΣΧ) is one of the largest and oldest social fraternities in North America.
Sigma Kappa (ΣΚ) is a sorority founded in 1874 at Colby College in Waterville, Maine.
Sigma Nu (ΣΝ) is an undergraduate college fraternity founded at the Virginia Military Institute on January 1, 1869.
Sigma Phi Epsilon (ΣΦΕ), commonly known as SigEp, is a social college fraternity for male college students in the United States.
Sigma Pi (ΣΠ) is an international social collegiate fraternity founded in 1897 at Vincennes University.
Sigma Psi Zeta (ΣΨΖ) Sorority, Inc.
The Simons Foundation is a private foundation established in 1994 by Marilyn and James Harris Simons with offices in New York City.
The Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing at the University of California, Berkeley is the world's leading venue for collaborative research in theoretical computer science.
The Sloan Fellows program is the world's first mid-career master's degree in general management and leadership initially supported by a grant from Alfred P. Sloan, the late CEO of General Motors, to his alma mater, MIT.
is a Japanese multinational holding conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Walter Theodore "Sonny" Rollins (born September 7, 1930) is an American jazz tenor saxophonist who is widely recognized as one of the most important and influential jazz musicians.
South Hall is the oldest building on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, and the only remaining building of the original campus.
Southside, also known by the older names South of Campus or South Campus, is a neighborhood in Berkeley, California.
The Soyuz (Союз, meaning "union", GRAU index 11A511) was a Soviet expendable carrier rocket designed in the 1960s by OKB-1 and manufactured by State Aviation Plant No. 1 in Kuybyshev, Soviet Union.
The Space Sciences Laboratory (SSL) is an Organized Research Unit of the University of California, Berkeley.
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
Space tourism is space travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes.
A spectrum (plural spectra or spectrums) is a condition that is not limited to a specific set of values but can vary, without steps, across a continuum.
Spencer Kimball is an American computer programmer, entrepreneur, and business executive.
SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis)Nagel, L. W, and Pederson, D. O., SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis), Memorandum No.
A sports agent is a legal representative (hence agent) for professional sports figures such as athletes and coaches.
Sproul Plaza (pronounced) is a major center of student activity at the University of California, Berkeley.
St Mark's Campanile (Campanile di San Marco; Canpanièl de San Marco) is the bell tower of St Mark's Basilica in Venice, Italy, located in the Piazza San Marco.
The standard solar model (SSM) is a mathematical treatment of the Sun as a spherical ball of gas (in varying states of ionisation, with the hydrogen in the deep interior being a completely ionised plasma).
The Stanford Axe is a trophy awarded to the winner of the annual Big Game, a college football match-up between the University of California Golden Bears and the Stanford University Cardinal.
The Stanford Cardinal are the athletic teams that represent Stanford University.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Stanisław Marcin Ulam (13 April 1909 – 13 May 1984) was a Polish-American scientist in the fields of mathematics and nuclear physics.
Star Trek: Voyager is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe that debuted in 1995 and ended its original run in 2001, with a classic "ship in space" formula like the preceding Star Trek: The Original Series (TOS) and Star Trek: The Next Generation (TNG).
Stephan Douglas Jenkins (born September 27, 1964) is an American musician best known as the lead singer, songwriter, and guitarist for Third Eye Blind.
Stern Hall is an all-female residence hall at the University of California, Berkeley, constructed and operated by the University.
Stephen Gary Wozniak (born on August 11, 1950), often referred to by the nickname Woz, is an American inventor, electronics engineer, programmer, philanthropist, and technology entrepreneur who co-founded Apple Computer, Inc.
Jon Steven Young (born October 11, 1961) is a former professional American football quarterback who played 15 seasons in the National Football League (NFL) and is best known for his 13 seasons with the San Francisco 49ers.
Steven Chu in atomic physics and laser spectroscopy, including the first observation of parity non-conservation in atoms, excitation and precision spectroscopy of positronium, and the optical confinement and cooling of atoms.
Stewart Armstrong Copeland (born July 16, 1952) is an American musician and composer.
Strawberry Creek is the principal watercourse running through the city of Berkeley, California.
Student activism is work by students to cause political, environmental, economic, or social change.
A student housing cooperative, also known as co-operative housing, is a housing cooperative for student members.
A student section or student cheering section is a group of student fans that supports its school's athletic teams at sporting events; they are known for being one of the most visible and vocal sections of a sports crowd as well as for their occasionally raucous behavior.
A students' union, student government, free student union, student senate, students' association, guild of students, or government of student body is a student organization present in many colleges, universities, and high schools.
SuChin Pak (박수진, born August 15, 1976) is a South Korean-born American television news correspondent, frequently appearing on the cable networks of MTV.
Sun Fo or Sun Ke (October 21, 1891 – September 13, 1973), courtesy name Zhesheng (哲生), was a high-ranking official in the government of the Republic of China.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Super Bowl XLI was an American football game played between the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Indianapolis Colts and the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Chicago Bears to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 2006 season.
The Supernova Cosmology Project is one of two research teams that determined the likelihood of an accelerating universe and therefore a positive cosmological constant, using data from the redshift of Type Ia supernovae.
The Surgeon General of the United States is the operational head of the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC) and thus the leading spokesperson on matters of public health in the federal government of the United States.
Susan Rasky (June 10, 1952 – December 29, 2013) was an American university educator and political journalist for the New York Times.
Susan Abigail Sarandon (née Tomalin; born October 4, 1946) is an American actress and activist.
Susanna Lee Hoffs (born January 17, 1959) is an American vocalist, guitarist and actress.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
Tarik Glenn (born May 25, 1976) is a former American football offensive tackle.
Tau Kappa Epsilon (ΤΚΕ), commonly known as TKE or Teke, is an international all-male secret and social college fraternity founded on January 10, 1899, at Illinois Wesleyan University.
Tcl (pronounced "tickle" or tee cee ell) is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language.
Technetium is a chemical element with symbol Tc and atomic number 43.
Telegraph Avenue is a street that begins, at its southernmost point, in the midst of the historic downtown district of Oakland, California, and ends, at its northernmost point, at the southern edge of the University of California campus in Berkeley, California.
Telomerase, also called terminal transferase, is a ribonucleoprotein that adds a species-dependent telomere repeat sequence to the 3' end of telomeres.
Terry McMillan (born October 31, 1951) is an American author.
Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) was founded in 2003, and is an American multinational corporation based in Palo Alto, California, that specializes in electric vehicles, lithium-ion battery energy storage and solar panel manufacturing (through the subsidiary company SolarCity).
Text-based user interface (TUI), also called textual user interface or terminal user interface, is a retronym coined sometime after the invention of graphical user interfaces.
The Agony and the Ecstasy is a 1965 American film directed by Carol Reed, starring Charlton Heston as Michelangelo and Rex Harrison as Pope Julius II.
The Agony and the Ecstasy (1961) is a biographical novel of Michelangelo Buonarroti written by American author Irving Stone.
The Bangles are an American pop rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1981.
The Big "C" is a giant concrete block "C" built into Charter Hill in the Berkeley Hills overlooking the University of California, Berkeley.
The Call of the Wild is a short adventure novel by Jack London published in 1903 and set in Yukon, Canada during the 1890s Klondike Gold Rush, when strong sled dogs were in high demand.
The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious.
The Daily Californian (Daily Cal) is an independent, student-run newspaper that serves the University of California, Berkeley campus and its surrounding community.
The Hurt Locker is a 2008 American war thriller film directed by Kathryn Bigelow and written by Mark Boal released on June 26, 2009.
The Learning Company (TLC) is an American educational software company, currently owned by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King is a 2003 epic high fantasy adventure film produced, written, and directed by Peter Jackson based on the second and third volumes of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers is a 2002 epic high fantasy adventure film directed by Peter Jackson and based on the second volume of J. R. R. Tolkien's novel The Lord of the Rings.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Play was a last-second kickoff return during a college football game between the Stanford Cardinal and California Golden Bears on Saturday, November 20, 1982.
The Police were a British rock band formed in London in 1977.
The Sympathizer is the 2015 debut novel by Vietnamese American professor Viet Thanh Nguyen.
The Truth About Cats & Dogs is a 1996 American romantic comedy film directed by Michael Lehmann, starring Janeane Garofalo, Uma Thurman, Ben Chaplin and Jamie Foxx, and written by Audrey Wells.
A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material (tritium, deuterium or lithium deuteride) and causing a fusion reaction.
Theta Chi (ΘΧ) is an international college fraternity.
Theta Delta Chi (ΘΔΧ) is a social fraternity that was founded in 1847 at Union College, New York, United States.
Third Eye Blind is an American rock band formed in San Francisco in 1993.
Tightwad Hill is the popular name for Charter Hill, the hill rising to the east of California Memorial Stadium at the University of California, Berkeley.
Tilden Regional Park, also known as Tilden Park or Tilden, is a regional park in the East Bay, part of the San Francisco Bay Area in California.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
In computing, time-sharing is the sharing of a computing resource among many users by means of multiprogramming and multi-tasking at the same time.
Times Higher Education (THE), formerly The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES), is a weekly magazine based in London, reporting specifically on news and issues related to higher education.
Times Higher Education World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by ''Times Higher Education (THE)'' magazine.
To Kill a Mockingbird is a 1962 American drama film directed by Robert Mulligan.
Thomas Anderson (born November 8, 1970) is the American co-founder of the social networking website Myspace, which he founded in 2003 with Chris DeWolfe.
Thomas Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV; July 3, 1962) is an American actor and producer.
The TOPS-20 operating system by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) was a proprietary OS used on some of DEC's 36-bit mainframe computers.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
Tree sitting is a form of environmentalist civil disobedience in which a protester sits in a tree, usually on a small platform built for the purpose, to protect it from being cut down (speculating that loggers will not endanger human lives by cutting an occupied tree).
Troy A. Paredes served as a Commissioner of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) from August 1, 2008 to August 3, 2013.
Troy Kenneth Aikman (born November 21, 1966) is a former American football quarterback who played for the Dallas Cowboys in the National Football League (NFL).
The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to an individual selected for contributions "of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field".
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent agency of the United States federal government.
U2 are an Irish rock band from Dublin formed in 1976.
The UC Berkeley-UCSF Joint Medical Program (JMP) is a joint degree program in the University of California system, between the UC Berkeley School of Public Health and the UCSF School of Medicine.
The UC Berkeley College of Chemistry is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley.
The College of Engineering (CoE) is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley.
The College of Environmental Design, also known as the Berkeley CED, or simply CED, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley.
The College of Letters and Science (L&S) is the largest of the 14 colleges at the University of California, Berkeley and encompasses the liberal arts.
The College of Natural Resources (CNR), a college of the University of California, Berkeley, is the oldest college in the UC system and home to several internationally top-ranked programs.
The University of California, Berkeley Graduate School of Education is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley, and has historically been one of the top schools of education in the United States.
The UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism is a graduate professional school on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
The University of California, Berkeley, School of Law, commonly called Berkeley Law and Boalt Hall, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley.
The University of California, Berkeley, School of Optometry (Berkeley Optometry) is an optometry school in the United States.
The University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health, commonly called the UC Berkeley School of Public Health, is one of 14 schools and colleges at the University of California, Berkeley.
The School of Social Welfare of the University of California, Berkeley, was established June 1, 1944 and is located in Haviland Hall on the UC Berkeley campus.
UC Village, also called University Village or University Village Albany, is a housing community for students who are married or have dependents.
The University of California, San Francisco Medical Center is a research and teaching hospital in San Francisco, California and is the medical center of the University of California, San Francisco.
Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an American actress and model.
Underwater diving, as a human activity, is the practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment.
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
The International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, better known as the United Automobile Workers (UAW), is an American labor union that represents workers in the United States (including Puerto Rico) and Canada.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the head of the United States Department of Justice per, concerned with all legal affairs, and is the chief lawyer of the United States government.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of Energy National Laboratories and Technology Centers are a system of facilities and laboratories overseen by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) for the purpose of advancing science and technology to fulfill the DOE mission.
The United States Foreign Service is the primary personnel system used by the diplomatic service of the United States federal government, under the aegis of the United States Department of State.
The United States National Research Council conducts a survey and compiles a report on United States Research-Doctorate Programs approximately every 10 years, although the time elapsed between each new ranking has exceeded 10 years.
The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce.
The Secretary of Defense (SecDef) is the leader and chief executive officer of the Department of Defense, the executive department of the Armed Forces of the United States of America.
The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the U.S. Department of Energy, a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and fourteenth in the presidential line of succession.
The United States Secretary of Labor is a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and as the head of the U.S. Department of Labor, exercises control over the department, and enforces and suggests laws involving unions, the workplace, and all other issues involving any form of business-person controversies.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fourteenth in the Presidential Line of Succession.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The Universities Research Association, Inc. (URA) is a consortium of over 90 leading research-oriented universities primarily in the United States, with members also in Canada, Japan, Italy, and the United Kingdom.
The University House is a building on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
The University of Arizona (also referred to as U of A, UA, or Arizona) is a public research university in Tucson, Arizona.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
The University of California Botanical Garden is a 34-acre (13.7 ha) botanical garden located on the University of California, Berkeley campus, in Strawberry Canyon.
The University of California Jazz Ensembles, also known as the UC Jazz Ensembles, UC Jazz, or UCJE, is the student jazz organization founded in 1967 on the University of California, Berkeley, campus.
The University of California Marching Band, usually shortened to Cal Band, is the marching band for the University of California, Berkeley.
The UC Men’s Octet, sometimes termed the Cal Men’s Octet or the UC Berkeley Men’s Octet, is an eight-member male a cappella group at the University of California, Berkeley.
The University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP) is a paleontology museum located on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.
The UC Berkeley School of Information or the I School is a graduate school offering three degree programs: a professional master's degree in information management (MIMS), a professional master's degree in data science (MIDS), and an academic doctoral degree.
Housing at the University of California, Berkeley consists of student housing facilities run by the office of Residential and Student Service Programs (RSSP).
The University of California, Davis (also referred to as UCD, UC Davis, or Davis), is a public research university and land-grant university as well as one of the 10 campuses of the University of California (UC) system.
The University of California, Merced (UC Merced or UCM), is the tenth and newest of the University of California campuses.
The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), is a research university located in San Francisco, California and part of the University of California system.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of the Pacific (also referred to as Pacific or UOP) is a private university in Stockton, California.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
The US Quidditch Cup 10 was the 2017 edition of the US Quidditch Cup, a quidditch club tournament organized by US Quidditch.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
The V-12 Navy College Training Program was designed to supplement the force of commissioned officers in the United States Navy during World War II.
Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).
vi is a screen-oriented text editor originally created for the Unix operating system.
VIA Technologies Inc., is a Taiwanese manufacturer of integrated circuits, mainly motherboard chipsets, CPUs, and memory.
Victor Koo or Gu Yongqiang served as president Sohu.com before leaving to co-found video website Youku in 2006, which merged with Tudou in 2012, creating one of China's premiere video portals.
Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.
Viet Thanh Nguyen (born March 13, 1971) is a Vietnamese- American novelist.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
ViolaWWW is a discontinued browser, the first to be popular for the World Wide Web (WWW).
Vitamin E is a group of eight compounds that include four tocopherols and four tocotrienols.
DARPA's VLSI (very-large-scale integration) Project provided research funding to a wide variety of university-based teams in an effort to improve the state of the art in microprocessor design, then known as VLSI.
VMware, Inc. is a subsidiary of Dell Technologies that provides cloud computing and platform virtualization software and services.
The W. M. Keck Observatory is a two-telescope astronomical observatory at an elevation of 4,145 meters (13,600 ft) near the summit of Mauna Kea in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
Werner Michael Blumenthal (born January 3, 1926) is an American business leader, economist and political adviser who served as United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Jimmy Carter from 1977 to 1979.
Walter Arthur Gordon (October 10, 1894 – April 2, 1976) was the first African American to receive a doctorate of law from UC Berkeley's Boalt Hall law school.
Walter A. Haas Sr. (May 11, 1889 – December 7, 1979), son of the founder of Hellman-Haas Grocery (which became Smart & Final), was a former president and chairman of Levi Strauss & Co.
Walter A. Haas Jr. (January 24, 1916 – September 20, 1995) was a president and CEO (1958–1976) and chairman (1970–1981) of Levi Strauss & Co, succeeding his father Walter A. Haas (1889–1979).
Walter Plunkett (June 5, 1902 in Oakland, California – March 8, 1982) was a prolific costume designer who worked on more than 150 projects throughout his career in the Hollywood film industry.
Joseph Warren Robinett, Jr. (born December 25, 1951) In the A. Miller interview, Robinett says he was 26 in November 1977.
Washington Monthly is a bimonthly nonprofit magazine of United States politics and government that is based in Washington, D.C. The magazine is known for its annual ranking of American colleges and universities, which serve as an alternative to the Forbes and U.S. News & World Report rankings.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites.
Weili Dai is a Chinese-born American businesswoman.
Wendell Meredith Stanley (16 August 1904 – 15 June 1971) was an American biochemist, virologist and Nobel laureate.
The Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) is an official academic body responsible for the accreditation of public and private universities, colleges, secondary and elementary schools in California and Hawaii, its territories of Guam, American Samoa and Northern Marianas Islands, in addition to the Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, the Pacific Rim, East Asia, and areas of the Pacific and East Asia.
A wetsuit is a garment, usually made of foamed neoprene, which is worn by surfers, divers, windsurfers, canoeists, and others engaged in water sports and other activities in or on water, providing thermal insulation, abrasion resistance and buoyancy.
Wheeler Hall is a building on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley in Berkeley, California in the Classical Revival style.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
The White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault was formed on January 22, 2014, after President Barack Obama directed the Office of the Vice President of the United States and the White House Council on Women and Girls to "strengthen and address compliance issues and provide institutions with additional tools to respond to and address rape and sexual assault".
Willard Frank Libby (December 17, 1908 – September 8, 1980) was an American physical chemist noted for his role in the 1949 development of radiocarbon dating, a process which revolutionized archaeology and palaeontology.
William C. Dudley (born 1952) is the president of Federal Reserve Bank of New York and vice-chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee.
William Francis Giauque (May 12, 1895 – March 28, 1982) was an American chemist and Nobel laureate recognized in 1949 for his studies in the properties of matter at temperatures close to absolute zero.
William Frederick Jolitz (born February 22, 1957), commonly known as Bill Jolitz, is an American software programmer best known for developing the 386BSD operating system from 1989 to 1994 along with his wife Lynne Jolitz.
William Randolph Hearst Sr. (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American businessman, politician, and newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest newspaper chain and media company Hearst Communications and whose flamboyant methods of yellow journalism influenced the nation's popular media by emphasizing sensationalism and human interest stories.
Willis Eugene Lamb Jr. (July 12, 1913 – May 15, 2008) was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1955 "for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum." The Nobel Committee that year awarded half the prize to Lamb and the other half to Polykarp Kusch, who won "for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron." Lamb was able to determine precisely a surprising shift in electron energies in a hydrogen atom (see Lamb shift).
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
The Wolf Prize is an international award granted in Israel, that has been presented most years since 1978 to living scientists and artists for "achievements in the interest of mankind and friendly relations among people...
The Wolf Prize in Physics is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel.
A word processor is a computer program or device that provides for input, editing, formatting and output of text, often plus other features.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Bank Group (WBG) (Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".
The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.
The Yale University Library is the library system of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
Yuan Tseh Lee (born 19 November 1936) is a Taiwanese chemist.
Yuri Borisovich (Bentsionovich) Milner (Ю́рий Бори́сович Бенцио́нович Ми́льнер; born 11 November 1961) is an Israeli-Russian entrepreneur, venture capitalist and physicist.
The World Young Women's Christian Association (World YWCA) is a movement working for the empowerment, leadership and rights of women, young women and girls in more than 120 countries.
Zeta Beta Tau (ΖΒΤ) is a Greek letter social fraternity.
Zeta Tau Alpha (known as ZTA or Zeta) is an international women's fraternity.
Zilog, Inc. is an American manufacturer of 8-bit and 16-bit microcontrollers.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (5 January 1928 – 4 April 1979) was a Pakistani politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973.
1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
386BSD, sometimes called "Jolix", is a discontinued free Unix-like operating system based on BSD, first released in 1992.
Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting is the utilization of 3D printing and 3D printing–like techniques to combine cells, growth factors, and biomaterials to fabricate biomedical parts that maximally imitate natural tissue characteristics.
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