122 relations: Asia, Asp (fish), Atyrau, Atyrau Region, Bashkir language, Bashkortostan, Beluga (sturgeon), Bivalvia, Black stork, Bobrinski's serotine, Bog turtle, Boundaries between the continents of Earth, Bream, Brown rat, Carp, Caspian kutum, Caspian Sea, Caspian whipsnake, Catfish, Catherine the Great, Cattle egret, Central Intelligence Agency, Chagan River, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Cladocera, Common crane, Copepod, Cyprinidae, Dalmatian pelican, Danube, Demoiselle crane, Dwarf fat-tailed jerboa, Elaphe, Elk, Emba River, Eurasia, Eurasian spoonbill, Europe, European hare, Ferruginous duck, Gastropoda, Gerard Clauson, Glossy ibis, Golden Horde, Great gerbil, Great Soviet Encyclopedia, Great white pelican, Greater flamingo, Grouse, Herring, ..., Houbara bustard, House mouse, Ilek River, Jaiyk, Kazakhstan, Lesser kestrel, Lesser white-fronted goose, List of the longest Asian rivers, Little egret, Magnitogorsk, Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works, Marbled polecat, Muskrat, National Geographic Society, Natrix, Nogai Horde, Northern mole vole, Or River, Oral, Kazakhstan, Order (biology), Orenburg, Orenburg Oblast, Orsk, Osprey, Pallas's gull, Pallid harrier, Partridge, Perch, Pike pole, Protozoa, Ptolemy, Pugachev's Rebellion, Pygmy cormorant, Raccoon dog, Ramsar Convention, Red-breasted goose, Rotifer, Russia, Rutilus, Saiga antelope, Sakmara River, Sand lizard, Saray-Jük, Sarmatians, Short-toed snake eagle, Silk Road, Slender-billed curlew, Slender-billed gull, Squacco heron, Starry sturgeon, Sterlet, Sturgeon, Tanalyk River, Timur, Tobol River, Tundra swan, Turkmenian kulan, Uchalinsky District, Ural Cossacks, Ural Mountains, Ural River, Uralsk, Utva River (Ural), Verkhneuralsk, Volga Delta, Volga River, Weir, Wels catfish, West Kazakhstan Region, White-headed duck, Whooper swan, Wild boar. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The asp (Leuciscus aspius) is a European freshwater fish of the Cyprinid family.
Atyrau (Атырау,, اتىراۋ,; Атырау), known as Guryev (Гурьев) until 1991, is a city in Kazakhstan, and the capital of Atyrau Region.
Atyrau Region (Атырау облысы, Atyray' oblysy, اتىراۋ وبلىسى); (Atyrauskaya Oblast) formerly known as (Гурьевская Область, Gur'yevskaya Oblast), is one of the regions of Kazakhstan, situated in the west of the country around the northeast of the Caspian Sea.
The Bashkir language (Башҡорт теле) is a Turkic language belonging to the Kipchak branch.
The Republic of Bashkortostan (Башҡортостан Республикаһы, p), also historically known as Bashkiria (p), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic (state)).
The beluga or European sturgeon (Huso huso) is a species of anadromous fish in the sturgeon family (Acipenseridae) of order Acipenseriformes.
Bivalvia, in previous centuries referred to as the Lamellibranchiata and Pelecypoda, is a class of marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts.
The black stork (Ciconia nigra) is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae.
Bobrinski's serotine (Eptesicus bobrinskoi) is a species of vesper bat.
The bog turtle (Glyptemys muhlenbergii) is a critically endangered species of semiaquatic turtle endemic to the eastern United States.
The boundaries between the continents of Earth are generally a matter of geographical convention.
Bream is a general term for a species of freshwater and marine fish belonging to a variety of genera including Abramis (e.g., A. brama, the common bream), Acanthopagrus, Argyrops, Blicca, Brama, Chilotilapia, Etelis, Lepomis, Gymnocranius, Lethrinus, Nemipterus, Pharyngochromis, Rhabdosargus, or Scolopsis.
The brown rat (Rattus norvegicus), also known as the common rat, street rat, sewer rat, Hanover rat, Norway rat, Norwegian rat, Parisian rat or wharf rat, is one of the best known and most common rats.
Carp are various species of oily freshwater fish from the family Cyprinidae, a very large group of fish native to Europe and Asia.
The Caspian kutum (Rutilus kutum) or Caspian white fish is a member of the family Cyprinidae from brackish water habitats of the Caspian Sea and from its freshwater tributaries.
The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.
The Caspian whipsnake (Dolichophis caspius, sometimes also Coluber caspius) also known as the large whipsnake (among various other species in genus Dolichophis/Coluber), is a common species of whipsnake found in the Balkans and parts of Eastern Europe.
Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish.
Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; –), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), born Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader.
The cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) is a cosmopolitan species of heron (family Ardeidae) found in the tropics, subtropics and warm temperate zones.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Chagan (Чаган) is a river in Kazakhstan, a tributary of the Ural River.
Chelyabinsk Oblast (Челя́бинская о́бласть, Chelyabinskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia in the Ural Mountains region, on the border of Europe and Asia.
The Cladocera are an order of small crustaceans commonly called water fleas.
The common crane (Grus grus), also known as the Eurasian crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes.
Copepods (meaning "oar-feet") are a group of small crustaceans found in the sea and nearly every freshwater habitat.
The Cyprinidae are the family of freshwater fishes, collectively called cyprinids, that includes the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives (for example, the barbs and barbels).
The Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus) is the most massive member of the pelican family, and perhaps the world's largest freshwater bird, although rivaled in weight and length by the largest swans.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
The demoiselle crane (Grus virgo) is a species of crane found in central Eurasia, ranging from the Black Sea to Mongolia and North Eastern China.
The dwarf fat-tailed jerboa (Pygeretmus pumilio) is a species of rodent in the family Dipodidae.
Elaphe is one of the main genera of the rat snakes, which are found in many regions of the northern hemisphere.
The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species within the deer family, Cervidae, in the world, and one of the largest land mammals in North America and Eastern Asia.
The Emba River (Ембі Embi or Жем Jem, Эмба) in west Kazakhstan rises in the Mugodzhar Hills and flows some south-west into the Caspian Sea.
Eurasia is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia.
The Eurasian spoonbill or common spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) is a wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European hare (Lepus europaeus), also known as the brown hare, is a species of hare native to Europe and parts of Asia.
The ferruginous duck, also ferruginous pochard, common white-eye or white-eyed pochard (Aythya nyroca) is a medium-sized diving duck from Eurasia.
The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda.
Sir Gerard Leslie Makins Clauson (28 April 1891 – 1 May 1974) was an English civil servant, businessman, and Orientalist best known for his studies of the Turkic languages.
The glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) is a wading bird in the ibis family Threskiornithidae.
The Golden Horde (Алтан Орд, Altan Ord; Золотая Орда, Zolotaya Orda; Алтын Урда, Altın Urda) was originally a Mongol and later Turkicized khanate established in the 13th century and originating as the northwestern sector of the Mongol Empire.
The great gerbil (Rhombomys opimus) is a large gerbil found throughout much of Central Asia.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (GSE; Большая советская энциклопедия, БСЭ, Bolshaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya) is one of the largest Russian-language encyclopedias, published by the Soviet state from 1926 to 1990, and again since 2002 by Russia (under the name Bolshaya Rossiyskaya entsiklopediya or Great Russian Encyclopedia).
The great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) also known as the eastern white pelican, rosy pelican or white pelican is a bird in the pelican family.
The greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) is the most widespread and largest species of the flamingo family.
Grouse are a group of birds from the order Galliformes, in the family Phasianidae.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
The houbara bustard or North African houbara (Chlamydotis undulata) is a large bird in the bustard family.
The house mouse (Mus musculus) is a small mammal of the order Rodentia, characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, and a long naked or almost hairless tail.
The Ilek River (Елек Elek, Илек) is a steppe river at the southern end of the Ural Mountains.
Jaiyk (Turkish: Yayık, Azerbaijani: Yayıx, Kazakh: Жайық, Kyrgyz: Жайык, Russian: Дьайык), also known as Cayık or sometimes Jayık Khan, is the god of rivers in Turkic mythology.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
The lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) is a small falcon.
The lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erythropus) is a goose closely related to the larger white-fronted goose (A. albifrons).
This a list of the thirty-three Asian rivers over in length.
The little egret (Egretta garzetta) is a species of small heron in the family Ardeidae.
Magnitogorsk (p, lit. city near the magnetic mountain) is an industrial city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern side of the extreme southern extent of the Ural Mountains by the Ural River.
Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works (Magnitogorskiy Metallurgicheskiy Kombinat), abbreviated as MMK, is the third largest steel company in Russia.
The marbled polecat (Vormela peregusna) is a small mammal belonging to the monotypic genus Vormela within the Mustelinae subfamily.
The muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus), the only species in genus Ondatra and tribe Ondatrini, is a medium-sized semiaquatic rodent native to North America and is an introduced species in parts of Europe, Asia, and South America.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
Natrix is a genus of colubrid snakes.
Nogay Horde, Nohai Horde or Nogay Yortu was a confederation of about eighteen Turkic and Mongol tribes that occupied the Pontic-Caspian steppe from about 1500 until they were pushed west by the Kalmyks and south by the Russians in the 17th century.
The northern mole vole (Ellobius talpinus) is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae.
Or (Орь) is a river in Orenburg Oblast of Russia and Aktobe Province of Kazakhstan.
Oral (Орал), Ural'sk (Уральск) in Russian, formerly known as Yaitsk (Russian: Яицк, until 1775), is a city in northwestern Kazakhstan, at the confluence of the Ural and Chogan rivers close to the Russian border.
In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.
Orenburg (p) is the administrative center of Orenburg Oblast, Russia.
Orenburg Oblast (Оренбу́ргская о́бласть, Orenburgskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Orsk (Орск) is the second largest city in Orenburg Oblast, Russia, located on the steppe about southeast of the southern tip of the Ural Mountains.
The osprey or more specifically the western osprey (Pandion haliaetus) — also called sea hawk, river hawk, and fish hawk — is a diurnal, fish-eating bird of prey with a cosmopolitan range.
The Pallas's gull or great black-headed gull (Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus) is a large gull.
The pale or pallid harrier (Circus macrourus) is a migratory bird of prey of the harrier family.
Partridges are medium-sized non-migratory gamebirds, with a wide native distribution throughout the Old World, including Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.
Perch is a common name for fish of the genus Perca, freshwater gamefish belonging to the family Percidae.
Pike poles are long metal-topped wood, aluminum, or fiberglass poles used for reaching, holding, or pulling.
Protozoa (also protozoan, plural protozoans) is an informal term for single-celled eukaryotes, either free-living or parasitic, which feed on organic matter such as other microorganisms or organic tissues and debris.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Pugachev's Rebellion (Peasants' War 1773-75, Cossack Rebellion) of 1773-75 was the principal revolt in a series of popular rebellions that took place in the Russian Empire after Catherine II seized power in 1762.
The pygmy cormorant (Microcarbo pygmaeus) is a member of the Phalacrocoracidae (cormorant) family of seabirds.
The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides, from the Greek words nukt-, "night" + ereutēs, "wanderer" + prokuōn, "before-dog" + -oidēs, "similar to"), also known as the mangut (its Evenki name) is a canid indigenous to East Asia.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.
The red-breasted goose (Branta ruficollis) is a brightly marked species of goose in the genus Branta from Eurasia.
The rotifers (Rotifera, commonly called wheel animals) make up a phylum of microscopic and near-microscopic pseudocoelomate animals.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Rutilus is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae found in Eurasia.
The saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica) is a critically endangered antelope that originally inhabited a vast area of the Eurasian steppe zone from the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains and Caucasus into Dzungaria and Mongolia.
Sakmara River (Сакмара; Һаҡмар, Haqmar) is a river in Russia that drains the southern tip of the Ural Mountains south into the Ural River.
The sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) is a lacertid lizard distributed across most of Europe and eastwards to Mongolia.
Saray-Jük (Сарай-Жүк) / Sarai-Dzhuk (Сарай-Джук), Saraichik or Kishi Saray (Кіші Сарай) in the Kazakh language, Saraychyq (Сарайчык) in modern Tatar, and Saray Maly (Сара́й Ма́лый) literally "Little Sarai", to distinguish it from Old Sarai, was a medieval city on the border between Europe and Asia.
The Sarmatians (Sarmatae, Sauromatae; Greek: Σαρμάται, Σαυρομάται) were a large Iranian confederation that existed in classical antiquity, flourishing from about the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD.
The short-toed snake eagle (Circaetus gallicus), also known as short-toed eagle, is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, buzzards and harriers.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
The slender-billed curlew (Numenius tenuirostris) is a bird in the wader family Scolopacidae.
The slender-billed gull (Chroicocephalus genei) is a mid-sized gull which breeds very locally around the Mediterranean and the north of the western Indian Ocean (e.g. Pakistan) on islands and coastal lagoons.
The squacco heron (Ardeola ralloides) is a small heron, long, of which the body is, with wingspan.
The starry sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus) also known as stellate sturgeon or sevruga (Drakul,, and lit), is a species of sturgeon.
The sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus) is a relatively small species of sturgeon from Eurasia native to large rivers that flow into the Black Sea, Azov Sea, and Caspian Sea, as well as rivers in Siberia as far east as Yenisei.
Sturgeon is the common name for the 27 species of fish belonging to the family Acipenseridae.
Tanalyk River (Таналык; Таналыҡ, Tanalıq), is a river in Bashkortostan and Orenburg Oblast in Russia, a right tributary of the Ural River.
Timur (تیمور Temūr, Chagatai: Temür; 9 April 1336 – 18 February 1405), historically known as Amir Timur and Tamerlane (تيمور لنگ Temūr(-i) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turco-Mongol conqueror.
Tobol (Тобол, Тобыл Tobyl) is a river and the main tributary of the Irtysh.
The tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus) is a small Holarctic swan.
The Turkmenian kulan (Equus hemionus kulan), also called Transcaspian wild ass, Turkmenistani onager or simply the kulan, is a subspecies of onager (Asiatic wild ass) native to Central Asia.
Uchalinsky District (Учали́нский райо́н; Учалы районы) is an administrativeConstitution of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Article 64 and municipalLaw #126-z district (raion), one of the fifty-four in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
The Ural Cossack Host was a cossack host formed from the Ural Cossacks -- those cossacks settled by the Ural River.
The Ural Mountains (p), or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan.
The Ural (Урал) or Jayıq/Zhayyq (Яйыҡ, Yayıq,; Jai'yq, Жайық, جايىق), known as Yaik (Яик) before 1775, is a river flowing through Russia and Kazakhstan in Eurasia.
Uralsk (Уральск) is the name of several rural localities in Russia.
The Utva (Утва) is a river in Kazakhstan, a tributary of the Ural River.
Verkhneuralsk (Верхнеура́льск) is a town and the administrative center of Verkhneuralsky District in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the upper streams of the Ural River, southwest of Chelyabinsk, the administrative center of the oblast.
The Volga Delta is the largest river delta in Europe, and occurs where Europe's largest river system, the Volga River, drains into the Caspian Sea in Russia's Astrakhan Oblast, north-east of the republic of Kalmykia.
The Volga (p) is the longest river in Europe.
A weir or low head dam is a barrier across the horizontal width of a river that alters the flow characteristics of water and usually results in a change in the height of the river level.
The wels catfish (or; Silurus glanis), also called sheatfish, is a large species of catfish native to wide areas of central, southern, and eastern Europe, in the basins of the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas.
West Kazakhstan Region (Батыс Қазақстан облысы, Batys Qazaqstan oblysy) (tr. Zapadno-Kazakhstanskaya oblast; West Kazakhstan Region) is a region of Kazakhstan.
The white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala) is a small stiff-tailed duck some long.
The whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus), pronounced hooper swan, is a large Northern Hemisphere swan.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.