39 relations: Adenosine, Aspartic acid, Broccoli, Carbamoyl phosphate, Catabolism, Cytidine, De novo synthesis, Decarboxylation, Deoxyuridine monophosphate, DNA, Ethanol, Galactose, Galactose 1-phosphate, Galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase, Glucose, Glycolysis, Glycosidic bond, Gout, Guanosine, Nucleic acid, Nucleoside, Offal, Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, Orotidine 5'-monophosphate, Orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase, Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate, Purine, Pyrimidine, Ribose, Ribose 5-phosphate, RNA, Thymidine, Uracil, Uric acid, Uridine diphosphate, Uridine diphosphate glucose, Uridine monophosphate, Yale School of Medicine, Yeast.
Adenosine is both a chemical found in many living systems and a medication.
Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family whose large flowering head is eaten as a vegetable.
Carbamoyl phosphate is an anion of biochemical significance.
Catabolism (from Greek κάτω kato, "downward" and βάλλειν ballein, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller units that are either oxidized to release energy or used in other anabolic reactions.
Cytidine is a nucleoside molecule that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
De novo synthesis refers to the synthesis of complex molecules from simple molecules such as sugars or amino acids, as opposed to recycling after partial degradation.
Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide (CO2).
Deoxyuridine monophosphate (dUMP), also known as deoxyuridylic acid or deoxyuridylate in its conjugate acid and conjugate base forms, respectively, is a deoxynucleotide.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.
D-Galactose-1-phosphate is an intermediate in the intraconversion of glucose and galactose.
Galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (or GALT) is an enzyme responsible for converting ingested galactose to glucose.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycolysis (from glycose, an older term for glucose + -lysis degradation) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+.
In chemistry, a glycosidic bond or glycosidic linkage is a type of covalent bond that joins a carbohydrate (sugar) molecule to another group, which may or may not be another carbohydrate.
Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.
Guanosine is a purine nucleoside comprising guanine attached to a ribose (ribofuranose) ring via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.
Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group.
Offal, also called variety meats, pluck or organ meats, refers to the internal organs and entrails of a butchered animal.
Orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRTase) or orotic acid phosphoribosyltransferase is an enzyme involved in pyrimidine biosynthesis.
Orotidine 5'-monophosphate (OMP), also known as orotidylic acid, is a pyrimidine nucleotide which is the last intermediate in the biosynthesis of uridine monophosphate.
Orotidine 5'-phosphate decarboxylase (OMP decarboxylase) or orotidylate decarboxylase is an enzyme involved in pyrimidine biosynthesis.
Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) is a pentosephosphate.
A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.
Ribose is a carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5; specifically, it is a pentose monosaccharide (simple sugar) with linear form H−(C.
Ribose 5-phosphate (R5P) is both a product and an intermediate of the pentose phosphate pathway.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Thymidine (deoxythymidine; other names deoxyribosylthymine, thymine deoxyriboside) is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside.
Uracil (U) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of RNA that are represented by the letters A, G, C and U. The others are adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G).
Uric acid is a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3.
Uridine diphosphate, abbreviated UDP, is a nucleotide diphosphate.
Uridine diphosphate glucose (uracil-diphosphate glucose, UDP-glucose) is a nucleotide sugar.
Uridine monophosphate (UMP), also known as 5′-uridylic acid (conjugate base uridylate), is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.
The Yale School of Medicine is the graduate medical school at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.