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Utrecht

Index Utrecht

Utrecht is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, capital and most populous city of the province of Utrecht. [1]

267 relations: A12 motorway (Netherlands), A2 motorway (Netherlands), A27 motorway (Netherlands), A28 motorway (Netherlands), ACU (Utrecht), Air pollution, Alfred J. Kwak, Almere, Amateur, Amersfoort, Amsterdam, Amsterdam–Rhine Canal, Anton Geesink, Arnhem, Arriva, Art Nouveau, Art rock, Artisan, Association football, Austria, Battle of the Java Sea, Begijnhof, Utrecht, Benelux, Bicycle parking station, Bike path, Bishop, Botanical garden, Boules, Breda, British Army, Brno, Bronze Age, Brutalist architecture, Buddhism, Bunnik, Burgemeester, Bus, Buys Ballot's law, C. H. D. Buys Ballot, Canadian Army, Canal, Carolingian Empire, Castellum, Catharijne, Catholic Church, Centraal Museum, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Central station, Charles Martel, ..., Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Choir (architecture), City rights in the Low Countries, Claudius, Cohort (military unit), Collegiate church, Common Era, Connexxion, Convention center, Country, County of Holland, Cricket, Dafne Schippers, Dagobert I, De Bilt, De Stijl, Dick Bruna, Dom Tower of Utrecht, Dorestad, Driebergen-Rijsenburg, Duitse Huis, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch Republic, Dutch Revolt, Ecclesiastical province, Education in the Netherlands, Emmanuelle, English landscape garden, Episcopal principality of Utrecht, Euro, Eurolines, European Youth Olympic Festival, Experimental rock, FC Utrecht, Festival aan de Werf, Festival Oude Muziek, Feudalism, Field hockey, Financial Times, Flying buttress, Fortification, Franks, Frisians, Germanic peoples, Gerrit Rietveld, Gertrude of Nivelles, Gothic architecture, Goths, Groningen, Guelders, Hanover, Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, Herman Hertzberger, Herman van Veen, High Middle Ages, Hinduism, Holland, Hollandic Water Line, Hollandse IJssel, Houten, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, IJsselstein, Indie rock, Indonesia, Industrial Revolution, Intercity-Express, Irreligion, Islam in the Netherlands, Jaarbeurs, Jacobikerk, James, son of Zebedee, Jan van Zanen, John the Baptist, Judaism, Judo, Kanaleneiland, Karel Doorman, Köppen climate classification, Kromme Rijn, Le Guess Who?, León, Nicaragua, Leidsche Rijn, Light rail, Limes Germanicus, List of cities in the Netherlands by province, List of mayors of Utrecht, List of municipalities of the Netherlands, Lonely Planet, Lordship of Utrecht, Louis Andriessen, Lunetten, Maarssen, Maastricht, Marco van Basten, Mary, mother of Jesus, Master of Business Administration, Middle Ages, Miffy, Missionary, Morocco, Municipal council (Netherlands), Museum Catharijneconvent, Museum Speelklok, Music school, Nave, Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Netherlands, Netherlands Film Festival, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, Nieuwegein, Oceanic climate, Old Catholic Church, Old Dutch, Oog in Al, Orca Rowing Club, Oudegracht, Overijssel, Overvecht, Parish church, Paul Fentener van Vlissingen, Pekanbaru, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Pope, Pope Adrian VI, Pope John Paul II, Portland, Oregon, Postal codes in the Netherlands, Prince of the Church, Prince-bishop, ProRail, Protestant Church in the Netherlands, Provinces of the Netherlands, Public transport, Qbuzz, Rabobank, Rail transport, Railway Museum (Netherlands), Rampjaar, Randstad, Rhine, Rietveld Schröder House, Rijk de Gooyer, Road transport, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Utrecht, Roman emperor, Roman Empire, Romanesque architecture, Rotterdam, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Saint Nicholas, Schiphol Airport railway station, Seventeen Provinces, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Sister city, Social sculpture, Sonnenborgh Observatory, Squash (sport), St. Martin's Cathedral, Utrecht, St. Paul's Abbey, Utrecht, St. Peter's Church, Utrecht, St. Salvator's Church, Utrecht, Stadion Galgenwaard, Stadtholder, Stone Age, Summer Darkness, Suriname, Switzerland, Sylvia Kristel, Telephone numbers in the Netherlands, Tennis, Teutonic Order, The Hague, The Letters of Utrecht, Theo van Doesburg, TIAS School for Business and Society, Tivoli (Utrecht), TivoliVredenburg, Tornado, Tour de France, Traiectum (Utrecht), Train routes in the Netherlands, Trance Energy, Transept, Treaty of Utrecht, Tuff, Turkey, Uithof, Union of Utrecht, Union of Utrecht (Old Catholic), University of Humanistic Studies, Utrecht (agglomeration), Utrecht (province), Utrecht Centraal railway station, Utrecht Leidsche Rijn railway station, Utrecht Lunetten railway station, Utrecht Overvecht railway station, Utrecht School of the Arts, Utrecht sneltram, Utrecht Terwijde railway station, Utrecht University, Utrecht Zuilen railway station, Utrechtse Heuvelrug, Varsity (rowing regatta), Veluwe, Vianen, Vleuten railway station, Vredenburg Castle, War of the Spanish Succession, Welfare state, Western culture, Wijk bij Duurstede, Willem Marinus Dudok, Willibrord, Woerden, World Heritage site, World War II, Zeist. Expand index (217 more) »

A12 motorway (Netherlands)

The A12 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.

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A2 motorway (Netherlands)

The A2 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.

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A27 motorway (Netherlands)

The A27 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.

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A28 motorway (Netherlands)

The A28 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands.

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ACU (Utrecht)

The ACU is a political-cultural venue in the city center of Utrecht, the Netherlands.

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Air pollution

Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.

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Alfred J. Kwak

is a Dutch-German-Japanese anime television series based on a Dutch theatre show by Herman van Veen and was co-produced by VARA, Telecable Benelux B.V., ZDF and TV Tokyo and first shown in 1989.

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Almere

Almere is a planned city and municipality in the province of Flevoland, Netherlands, bordering Lelystad and Zeewolde.

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Amateur

An amateur (French amateur "lover of", from Old French and ultimately from Latin amatorem nom. amator, "lover") is generally considered a person who pursues a particular activity or field of study independently from their source of income.

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Amersfoort

Amersfoort is a city and municipality in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Amsterdam

Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Amsterdam–Rhine Canal

The Amsterdam–Rhine Canal or Amsterdam-Rijnkanaal is a canal in the Netherlands that was built to connect the port city of Amsterdam to the main shipping artery of the Rhine.

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Anton Geesink

Antonius Johannes Geesink (6 April 1934 – 27 August 2010) was a Dutch 10th dan judoka.

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Arnhem

Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.

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Arriva

Arriva is a multinational public transport company headquartered in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom.

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Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.

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Art rock

Art rock is a subgenre of rock music that generally reflects a challenging or avant-garde approach to rock, or which makes use of modernist, experimental, or unconventional elements.

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Artisan

An artisan (from artisan, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Battle of the Java Sea

The Battle of the Java Sea (Pertempuran Laut Jawa, Battle off Surabaya in open sea) was a decisive naval battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II.

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Begijnhof, Utrecht

The Begijnhof, Utrecht, was a beguinage (Begijnhof) in the Dutch city of Utrecht.

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Benelux

The Benelux Union (Benelux Unie; Union Benelux) is a politico-economic union of three neighbouring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

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Bicycle parking station

A bicycle parking station is a building or structure designed for use as a bicycle parking facility.

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Bike path

A bike path is a bikeway separated from motorized traffic and dedicated to cycling or shared with pedestrians or other non-motorized users.

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Bishop

A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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Boules

Boules is a collective name for a wide range of games similar to bowls and bocce (In French: jeu or jeux, in Italian: gioco or giochi) in which the objective is to throw or roll heavy balls (called boules in France, and bocce in Italy) as close as possible to a small target ball.

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Breda

Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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Brno

Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Brutalist architecture

Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Bunnik

Bunnik is a municipality and a village in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

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Burgemeester

In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor (burgemeester or bourgmestre) is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality.

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Bus

A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.

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Buys Ballot's law

In meteorology, Buys Ballot's law may be expressed as follows: In the Northern Hemisphere, if a person stands with his back to the wind, the atmospheric pressure is low to the left, high to the right.

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C. H. D. Buys Ballot

Christophorus Henricus Diedericus Buys Ballot (October 10, 1817 – February 3, 1890) was a Dutch chemist and meteorologist after whom Buys Ballot's law and the Buys Ballot table are named.

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Canadian Army

The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.

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Canal

Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.

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Carolingian Empire

The Carolingian Empire (800–888) was a large empire in western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages.

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Castellum

A castellum in Latin is usually.

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Catharijne

Catharijne is a former municipality on the west side of the Dutch city of Utrecht.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Centraal Museum

The Centraal Museum is the main museum in Utrecht, Netherlands, founded in 1838.

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Central European Summer Time

Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.

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Central European Time

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

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Central station

Central stations or central railway stations emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century as railway stations that had initially been built on the edge of city centres were enveloped by urban expansion and became an integral part of the city centres themselves.

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Charles Martel

Charles Martel (c. 688 – 22 October 741) was a Frankish statesman and military leader who as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was the de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his death.

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Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.

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Choir (architecture)

A choir, also sometimes called quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir.

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City rights in the Low Countries

City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.

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Claudius

Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.

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Cohort (military unit)

A cohort (from the Latin cohors, plural cohortes, see wikt:cohors for full inflection table) was a standard tactical military unit of a Roman legion, though the standard changed with time and situation, and was composed of between 360-800 soldiers.

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Collegiate church

In Christianity, a collegiate church is a church where the daily office of worship is maintained by a college of canons; a non-monastic or "secular" community of clergy, organised as a self-governing corporate body, which may be presided over by a dean or provost.

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Common Era

Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.

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Connexxion

Connexxion is a large public transport company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle, east and south-west parts of the country.

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Convention center

A convention center (American English; conference centre outside the USA) is a large building that is designed to hold a convention, where individuals and groups gather to promote and share common interests.

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Country

A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.

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County of Holland

The County of Holland was a State of the Holy Roman Empire and from 1432 part of the Burgundian Netherlands, from 1482 part of the Habsburg Netherlands and from 1648 onward, Holland was the leading province of the Dutch Republic, of which it remained a part until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Dafne Schippers

Dafne Schippers (born 15 June 1992) is a Dutch track and field athlete.

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Dagobert I

Dagobert I (Dagobertus; 603/605 – 19 January 639 AD) was the king of Austrasia (623–634), king of all the Franks (629–634), and king of Neustria and Burgundy (629–639).

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De Bilt

De Bilt is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

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De Stijl

De Stijl, Dutch for "The Style", also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917 in Leiden.

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Dick Bruna

Dick Bruna (23 August 1927 – 16 February 2017) was a Dutch author, artist, illustrator and graphic designer.

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Dom Tower of Utrecht

The Dom Tower (Cathedral Tower, Dutch: Domtoren) of Utrecht is the tallest church tower in the Netherlands, at 112.5 metres (368 feet) in height, and the Gothic-style tower is the symbol of the city.

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Dorestad

Dorestad was an early medieval emporium, located in the southeast of the province of Utrecht in the Netherlands, close to the modern-day town of Wijk bij Duurstede.

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Driebergen-Rijsenburg

Driebergen-Rijsenburg is a town in the municipality Utrechtse Heuvelrug in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

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Duitse Huis

The Duitse Huis (Teutonic House) is a complex of buildings in the city of Utrecht, Netherlands, protected as a national monument.

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Dutch Golden Age

The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.

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Dutch Republic

The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

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Dutch Revolt

The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.

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Ecclesiastical province

An ecclesiastical province is one of the basic forms of jurisdiction in Christian Churches with traditional hierarchical structure, including Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity.

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Education in the Netherlands

Education in the Netherlands is characterized by division: education is oriented toward the needs and background of the pupil. Education is divided over schools for different age groups, some of which are divided in streams for different educational levels. Schools are furthermore divided in public, special (religious), and general-special (neutral) schools, although there are also a few private schools. The Dutch grading scale runs from 1 (very poor) to 10 (outstanding). The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), coordinated by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), ranks the education in the Netherlands as the 9th best in the world as of 2008, being significantly higher than the OECD average.

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Emmanuelle

Emmanuelle is the lead character in a series of French softcore porn erotic movies based on a character created by Emmanuelle Arsan in the novel Emmanuelle (1959).

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English landscape garden

The English landscape garden, also called English landscape park or simply the English garden (Jardin à l'anglaise, Giardino all'inglese, Englischer Landschaftsgarten, Jardim inglês, Jardín inglés), is a style of "landscape" garden which emerged in England in the early 18th century, and spread across Europe, replacing the more formal, symmetrical jardin à la française of the 17th century as the principal gardening style of Europe.

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Episcopal principality of Utrecht

The Bishopric of Utrecht (1024–1528) was a civil principality of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, in present Netherlands, which was ruled by the bishops of Utrecht as princes of the Holy Roman Empire.

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.

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Eurolines

Eurolines Organisation is an international non-profit organisation according to Belgian law.

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European Youth Olympic Festival

The European Youth Olympic Festival (EYOF) is a biennial multi-sport event for youth athletes from the 50 member countries of the association of European Olympic Committees.

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Experimental rock

Experimental rock (or avant-rock) is a subgenre of rock music which pushes the boundaries of common composition and performance technique or which experiments with the basic elements of the genre.

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FC Utrecht

Football Club Utrecht is a Dutch football club founded on 1 July 1970 and based in the city of Utrecht.

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Festival aan de Werf

The Festival aan de Werf is a theater and visual arts festival that takes place every year in the city of Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Festival Oude Muziek

The Festival Oude Muziek Utrecht ("Utrecht Early Music Festival") is an annual music festival that showcases and celebrates early European art music.

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Feudalism

Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.

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Field hockey

Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.

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Financial Times

The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

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Flying buttress

The flying buttress (arc-boutant, arch buttress) is a specific form of buttress composed of an arched structure that extends from the upper portion of a wall to a pier of great mass, in order to convey to the ground the lateral forces that push a wall outwards, which are forces that arise from vaulted ceilings of stone and from wind-loading on roofs.

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Fortification

A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.

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Franks

The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.

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Frisians

The Frisians are a Germanic ethnic group indigenous to the coastal parts of the Netherlands and northwestern Germany.

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Germanic peoples

The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.

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Gerrit Rietveld

Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (24 June 1888 – 25 June 1964) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect.

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Gertrude of Nivelles

Gertrude of Nivelles, O.S.B. (also spelled Geretrude, Geretrudis, Gertrud; c. 626 – March 17, 659) was a 7th-century abbess who, with her mother Itta, founded the Abbey of Nivelles located in present-day Belgium.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Goths

The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.

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Groningen

Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.

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Guelders

Guelders or Gueldres (Gelre, Geldern) is a historical county, later duchy of the Holy Roman Empire, located in the Low Countries.

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Hanover

Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

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Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry V (Heinrich V.; 11 August 1081/86 – 23 May 1125) was King of Germany (from 1099 to 1125) and Holy Roman Emperor (from 1111 to 1125), the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty.

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Herman Hertzberger

Herman Hertzberger (born 6 July 1932) is one of the most famous Dutch architects, professor emeritus and the last Dutch architect to receive the prestigious Royal Gold Medal.

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Herman van Veen

Hermannus Jantinus "Herman" van Veen (born 14 March 1945) is a Dutch stage performer, actor, musician and singer/songwriter and author.

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High Middle Ages

The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.

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Hinduism

Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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Holland

Holland is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands.

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Hollandic Water Line

The Hollandic Water Line (Hollandsche Waterlinie, modern spelling: Hollandse Waterlinie) was a series of water-based defences conceived by Maurice of Nassau in the early 17th century, and realised by his half brother Frederick Henry.

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Hollandse IJssel

The Hollandse (or Hollandsche) IJssel ("Holland IJssel", as opposed to the 'regular' or Gelderland IJssel) is a branch of the Rhine delta that flows westward from Nieuwegein on river Lek through IJsselstein, Gouda and Capelle aan den IJssel to Krimpen aan den IJssel, where it ends in the Nieuwe Maas.

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Houten

Houten is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

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HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht

The HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht (Hogeschool Utrecht, HU) is a vocational university in the city of Utrecht and one of the largest educational institutions in the Netherlands.

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IJsselstein

IJsselstein is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

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Indie rock

Indie rock is a genre of rock music that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s.

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Indonesia

Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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Intercity-Express

The Intercity-Express (written as InterCityExpress in Austria, Denmark, Switzerland and, formerly, in Germany) or ICE is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its surrounding countries.

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Irreligion

Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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Islam in the Netherlands

Islam is the second largest religion in the Netherlands, practiced by 4% of the population according to 2010-11 estimates.

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Jaarbeurs

The Jaarbeurs (Yearly Fair) is an exhibition and convention centre in Utrecht, the Netherlands.

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Jacobikerk

The Jacobikerk is a landmark Protestant church in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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James, son of Zebedee

James, son of Zebedee (Hebrew:, Yaʿqob; Greek: Ἰάκωβος; ⲓⲁⲕⲱⲃⲟⲥ; died 44 AD) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, and traditionally considered the first apostle to be martyred.

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Jan van Zanen

Jan Hendrikus Cornelis "Jan" van Zanen (born 4 September 1961) is a Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).

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John the Baptist

John the Baptist (יוחנן המטביל Yokhanan HaMatbil, Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστής, Iōánnēs ho baptistḗs or Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτίζων, Iōánnēs ho baptízōn,Lang, Bernhard (2009) International Review of Biblical Studies Brill Academic Pub p. 380 – "33/34 CE Herod Antipas's marriage to Herodias (and beginning of the ministry of Jesus in a sabbatical year); 35 CE – death of John the Baptist" ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ ⲡⲓⲡⲣⲟⲇⲣⲟⲙⲟⲥ or ⲓⲱ̅ⲁ ⲡⲓⲣϥϯⲱⲙⲥ, يوحنا المعمدان) was a Jewish itinerant preacherCross, F. L. (ed.) (2005) Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed.

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Judaism

Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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Judo

was created as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan, in 1882, by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎).

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Kanaleneiland

Kanaleneiland is a district within the Southwest section of the Dutch city of Utrecht.

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Karel Doorman

Karel Willem Frederik Marie Doorman (23 April 1889 – 28 February 1942) was a Dutch Rear Admiral who commanded ABDACOM Naval forces, a hastily organized multinational naval force formed to defend the East Indies against an overwhelming Imperial Japanese attack. Doorman was killed and the main body of ABDACOM Naval forces destroyed during the Battle of the Java Sea.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kromme Rijn

The Kromme Rijn ("Crooked Rhine", for its many bends) is a river in the central Netherlands.

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Le Guess Who?

Le Guess Who? is a Dutch music festival featuring independent music in styles such as noise rock, indie rock, Jazz, and Avant-garde held in Utrecht since 2007.

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León, Nicaragua

León is the second largest city in Nicaragua, after Managua.

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Leidsche Rijn

Leidsche Rijn is a neighbourhood in the west of Utrecht in the central Netherlands.

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Light rail

Light rail, light rail transit (LRT), or fast tram is a form of urban rail transport using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.

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Limes Germanicus

The Limes Germanicus (Latin for Germanic frontier) was a line of frontier (limes) fortifications that bounded the ancient Roman provinces of Germania Inferior, Germania Superior and Raetia, dividing the Roman Empire and the unsubdued Germanic tribes from the years 83 to about 260 AD.

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List of cities in the Netherlands by province

Below are twelve alphabetical lists of cities in the Netherlands ordered by province.

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List of mayors of Utrecht

This is a list of mayors of Utrecht since the end of the Napoleonic occupation in 1813.

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List of municipalities of the Netherlands

As of January 2018, there are 380 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and 3 public bodies (openbare lichamen), also referred to as special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten), in the Netherlands.

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Lonely Planet

Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.

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Lordship of Utrecht

The Lordship of Utrecht was formed in 1528 when Charles V of Habsburg conquered the Bishopric of Utrecht, during the Guelders Wars.

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Louis Andriessen

Louis Andriessen (born 6 June 1939) is a Dutch composer and pianist based in Amsterdam.

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Lunetten

Lunetten is a neighbourhood in the southeastern part of the city of Utrecht, that has approximately 12.000 inhabitants.

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Maarssen

Maarssen is a town in the middle of the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht, along the river Vecht and the Amsterdam–Rhine Canal.

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Maastricht

Maastricht (Limburgish: Mestreech; French: Maestricht; Spanish: Mastrique) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.

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Marco van Basten

Marcel "Marco" van Basten (born 31 October 1964) is a Dutch football manager and former football player, who played for Ajax and Milan, as well as the Netherlands national team, in the 1980s and early '90s as a forward.

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Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.

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Master of Business Administration

The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management).

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Miffy

Miffy (Nijntje, pronounced) is a small female rabbit in a series of picture books drawn and written by Dutch artist Dick Bruna.

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Missionary

A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.

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Morocco

Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

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Municipal council (Netherlands)

In the Netherlands the municipal council (Dutch: gemeenteraad) is the elected assembly of the municipality.

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Museum Catharijneconvent

The Museum Catharijneconvent (St. Catherine's Convent Museum) is a museum of religious art in Utrecht in the Netherlands.

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Museum Speelklok

Museum Speelklok (previously known as Museum van Speelklok tot Pierement) is a museum in Utrecht, The Netherlands.

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Music school

A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.

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Nave

The nave is the central aisle of a basilica church, or the main body of a church (whether aisled or not) between its rear wall and the far end of its intersection with the transept at the chancel.

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Nederlandse Spoorwegen

Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS;; "Dutch Railways") a Dutch state-owned company, the principal passenger railway operator in the Netherlands.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Netherlands Film Festival

The Netherlands Film Festival (Nederlands Film Festival) is an annual film festival, held in September and October of each year in the city of Utrecht.

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Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research

Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO; Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research) is an independent research organisation in the Netherlands that focuses on applied science.

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Nieuwegein

Nieuwegein is a municipality and city in the Dutch province of Utrecht.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Old Catholic Church

The term Old Catholic Church was used from the 1850s, by groups which had separated from the Roman Catholic Church over certain doctrines, primarily concerned with papal authority; some of these groups, especially in the Netherlands, had already existed long before the term.

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Old Dutch

In linguistics, Old Dutch or Old Low Franconian is the set of Franconian dialects (i.e. dialects that evolved from Frankish) spoken in the Low Countries during the Early Middle Ages, from around the 5th to the 12th century.

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Oog in Al

Oog in Al is a residential area in the west of the city of Utrecht in the Netherlands.

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Orca Rowing Club

Algemene Utrechtse Studenten Roeivereniging ORCA (A.U.S.R. ORCA) is a student rowing club in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Oudegracht

The Oudegracht, or "old canal", runs through the center of Utrecht, the Netherlands.

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Overijssel

Overijssel (Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel) is a province of the Netherlands in the central-eastern part of the country.

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Overvecht

Overvecht is a green and spacious neighborhood in the Dutch town of Utrecht.

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Parish church

A parish church (or parochial church) in Christianity is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish.

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Paul Fentener van Vlissingen

Paul Fentener van Vlissingen (21 March 1941 in Utrecht – 21 August 2006 in Langbroek) was a Dutch-British businessman and philanthropist.

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Pekanbaru

Pekanbaru (Jawi: ڤكنبارو,, Dutch: Pakanbaroe), is the capital of Indonesian province of Riau, and a major economic center on the eastern part of Sumatra Island.

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People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie, VVD) is a conservative-liberal political party in the Netherlands.

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Pope

The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

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Pope Adrian VI

Pope Adrian VI (Hadrianus VI), born Adriaan Florensz Boeyens (2 March 1459 – 14 September 1523), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 January 1522 until his death on 14 September 1523.

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Pope John Paul II

Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II; Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła;; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.

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Portland, Oregon

Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.

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Postal codes in the Netherlands

Postal codes in the Netherlands, known as postcodes, are alphanumeric, consisting of four digits followed by two uppercase letters.

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Prince of the Church

The term Prince of the Church is today used nearly exclusively for Catholic cardinals.

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Prince-bishop

A prince-bishop is a bishop who is also the civil ruler of some secular principality and sovereignty.

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ProRail

In the Netherlands, ProRail is a government task organisation that takes care of maintenance and extensions of the national railway network infrastructure (not the metro or tram), of allocating rail capacity, and of traffic control.

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Protestant Church in the Netherlands

The Protestant Church in the Netherlands (Protestantse Kerk in Nederland, abbreviated PKN) is the largest Protestant denomination in the Netherlands, being both Reformed (Calvinist) and Lutheran.

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Provinces of the Netherlands

There are currently twelve provinces of the Netherlands, representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance.

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Public transport

Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.

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Qbuzz

Qbuzz is a public transport company in the Netherlands that operates services in Utrecht, Drenthe and Groningen.

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Rabobank

Rabobank (full name: Coöperatieve Rabobank U.A.) is a Dutch multinational banking and financial services company headquartered in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Rail transport

Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.

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Railway Museum (Netherlands)

The Railway Museum (Het Spoorwegmuseum) in Utrecht is the Dutch national railway museum.

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Rampjaar

In Dutch history, the year 1672 was known as the rampjaar, the "disaster year." That year, following the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War and the Third Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch Republic was simultaneously attacked by England, France, and the prince-bishops Bernhard von Galen, bishop of Münster, and Maximilian Henry of Bavaria, archbishop of Cologne.

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Randstad

The Randstad is a megalopolis in the central-western Netherlands consisting primarily of the four largest Dutch cities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht) and their surrounding areas.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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Rietveld Schröder House

The Rietveld Schröder House (Rietveld Schröderhuis) (also known as the Schröder House) in Utrecht (Prins Hendriklaan 50) was built in 1924 by Dutch architect Gerrit Rietveld for Mrs.

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Rijk de Gooyer

Rijk de Gooyer (17 December 1925 – 2 November 2011) was a Dutch Golden Calf- winning actor, writer, comedian and singer.

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Road transport

Road transport or road transportation is a type of transport by using roads.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Utrecht

The Archdiocese of Utrecht (Archidioecesis Ultraiectensis) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands.

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Roman emperor

The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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Romanesque architecture

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.

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Rotterdam

Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, in South Holland within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea.

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Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute

The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (Dutch: Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut or KNMI) is the Dutch national weather forecasting service, which has its headquarters in De Bilt, in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Saint Nicholas

Saint Nicholas (Ἅγιος Νικόλαος,, Sanctus Nicolaus; 15 March 270 – 6 December 343), also called Nikolaos of Myra or Nicholas of Bari, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey), and is a historic Christian saint.

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Schiphol Airport railway station

Schiphol Airport railway station (previously Schiphol until 12 December 2015) is a major passenger railway station in Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands.

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Seventeen Provinces

The Seventeen Provinces were the Imperial states of the Habsburg Netherlands in the 16th century.

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Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) is a public research university in Shanghai, China.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Social sculpture

Social sculpture is a phrase to describe an expanded concept of art that was invented by the artist and co-founder of the German Green Party, Joseph Beuys.

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Sonnenborgh Observatory

Sonnenborgh Observatory (Museum Sterrenwacht Sonnenborgh; Sonnenborgh museum & sterrenwacht; obs. code: 015) is an astronomical observatory and museum open to the public, located in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Squash (sport)

Squash is a ball sport played by two (singles) or four players (doubles squash) in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball.

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St. Martin's Cathedral, Utrecht

St.

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St. Paul's Abbey, Utrecht

St.

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St. Peter's Church, Utrecht

St.

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St. Salvator's Church, Utrecht

The Sint-Salvator church (also called the Old-Munster church) was one of five Catholic Church collegiate churches in Utrecht, Netherlands, before the Protestant Reformation.

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Stadion Galgenwaard

Stadion Galgenwaard is a football stadium in Utrecht that has been the home of the football club FC Utrecht since 1970.

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Stadtholder

In the Low Countries, stadtholder (stadhouder) was an office of steward, designated a medieval official and then a national leader.

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Stone Age

The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with an edge, a point, or a percussion surface.

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Summer Darkness

Summer Darkness is an alternative music festival in the Netherlands which was held annually from 2003 to 2013, around the second weekend in August in the city of Utrecht.

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Suriname

Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.

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Switzerland

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Sylvia Kristel

Sylvia Maria Kristel (28 September 1952 17 October 2012) was a Dutch model and actress who appeared in over 50 films.

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Telephone numbers in the Netherlands

Telephone numbers in the Netherlands are administered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation of the Netherlands and may be grouped into three general categories: geographical numbers, non-geographical numbers, and numbers for public services.

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Tennis

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Teutonic Order

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.

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The Hague

The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.

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The Letters of Utrecht

The Letters of Utrecht (De Letters van Utrecht) form an endless poem in the stones of a street in the center of the Dutch city of Utrecht.

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Theo van Doesburg

Theo van Doesburg (30 August 1883 – 7 March 1931) was a Dutch artist, who practiced painting, writing, poetry and architecture.

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TIAS School for Business and Society

TIAS School for Business and Society is a business school which is affiliated with Tilburg University and Eindhoven University of Technology.

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Tivoli (Utrecht)

Tivoli is a popular music venue and cultural center in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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TivoliVredenburg

The TivoliVredenburg is a contemporary music complex located in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Tornado

A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud.

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Tour de France

The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.

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Traiectum (Utrecht)

Traiectum was a Roman fort, or castrum, on the frontier of the Roman Empire in Germania Inferior.

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Train routes in the Netherlands

This list of train routes in the Netherlands focuses on the routes taken by trains travelling on railway lines in the Netherlands.

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Trance Energy

Energy (formerly known as Trance Energy) was a Dutch trance event featuring Electronic Trance Music DJs from around the world.

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Transept

A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice.

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Treaty of Utrecht

The Treaty of Utrecht, which established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual peace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713.

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Tuff

Tuff (from the Italian tufo) is a type of rock made of volcanic ash ejected from a vent during a volcanic eruption.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Uithof

De Uithof is a part of the city of Utrecht, which contains the Utrecht Science Park, the campus area of Utrecht University, the vocational university Hogeschool Utrecht and the academic hospital University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU).

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Union of Utrecht

The Union of Utrecht (Unie van Utrecht) was a treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.

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Union of Utrecht (Old Catholic)

The Union of Utrecht of the Old Catholic Churches (UU) is a federation of Old Catholic churches, nationally organised from 1870 schisms which rejected Roman Catholic doctrines of the First Vatican Council; its member churches are not in communion with the Roman Catholic Church.

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University of Humanistic Studies

The University of Humanistic Studies (Dutch: Universiteit voor Humanistiek (UvH)) is a university in Utrecht, The Netherlands.

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Utrecht (agglomeration)

The city of Utrecht and the surrounding cities, villages, and townships form an agglomeration in the middle of The Netherlands.

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Utrecht (province)

Utrecht is a province of the Netherlands.

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Utrecht Centraal railway station

Utrecht Centraal is the central railway station for the city of Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Utrecht Leidsche Rijn railway station

Utrecht Leidsche Rijn is a railway station in west Utrecht, The Netherlands.

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Utrecht Lunetten railway station

Utrecht Lunetten is a railway station located in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Utrecht Overvecht railway station

Utrecht Overvecht is a suburb railway station located in Utrecht, the Netherlands.

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Utrecht School of the Arts

The HKU University of the Arts Utrecht (Hogeschool voor de Kunsten Utrecht, HKU) is a performing arts and visual arts educational institution in Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Utrecht sneltram

The Utrecht sneltram (literally fast tram) are two light rail lines (line 60 and 61) in the Dutch city of Utrecht.

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Utrecht Terwijde railway station

Utrecht Terwijde is a railway station on the Utrecht–Rotterdam railway.

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Utrecht University

Utrecht University (UU; Universiteit Utrecht, formerly Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht) is a university in Utrecht, the Netherlands.

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Utrecht Zuilen railway station

Utrecht Zuilen is a railway station located in Utrecht, The Netherlands.

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Utrechtse Heuvelrug

Utrechtse Heuvelrug (Utrecht Hill Ridge) is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

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Varsity (rowing regatta)

The Varsity is a rowing regatta on the Amsterdam–Rhine Canal in Houten, Netherlands each Spring.

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Veluwe

The Veluwe is a forest-rich ridge of hills (1100 km2) in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands.

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Vianen

Vianen is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

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Vleuten railway station

Vleuten is a railway station located in Vleuten, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

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Vredenburg Castle

Vredenburg Castle (Dutch: (Kasteel) Vredenburg or Vredeborch) was a 16th-century castle built by Habsburg emperor Charles V in the city of Utrecht in the Netherlands.

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War of the Spanish Succession

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.

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Welfare state

The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the social and economic well-being of its citizens.

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Western culture

Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.

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Wijk bij Duurstede

Wijk bij Duurstede is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands.

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Willem Marinus Dudok

Willem Marinus Dudok (6 July 1884 – 6 April 1974) was a Dutch modernist architect.

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Willibrord

Willibrord (658 – 7 November AD 739) was a Northumbrian missionary saint, known as the "Apostle to the Frisians" in the modern Netherlands.

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Woerden

Woerden is a city and a municipality in the central Netherlands.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Zeist

Zeist is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands, located east of the city of Utrecht.

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Redirects here:

City of Utrecht, History of Utrecht, Trajectum, UN/LOCODE:NLUTC, Ultrajectum, Utrecht (Dutch city), Utrecht (city), Utrecht (municipality), Utrecht (stad), Utrecht City, Utrecht, Netherlands, Utrecht, The Nehterlands.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utrecht

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