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Uyghur Khaganate

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The Uyghur Khaganate (or Uyghur Empire or Uighur Khaganate or Toquz Oghuz Country) (Уйгурын хаант улс, Tang era names, with modern Hanyu Pinyin: or) was a Turkic empire that existed for about a century between the mid 8th and 9th centuries. [1]

72 relations: Altai Mountains, Ambassador, An Lushan, An Lushan Rebellion, Artux, Astana, Basmyl, Baurchuk Art Tekin, Bayanchur Khan, Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves, Buddhism, Central Asia, Chang'an, Chigils, China, Emperor Daizong of Tang, Emperor Dezong of Tang, Emperor Suzong of Tang, Ethnic groups in Chinese history, Gansu, Gansu Uyghur Kingdom, Gaochang, Göktürks, Genghis Khan, Gobi Desert, Guazhou County, Guo Ziyi, Han Chinese, Historic states represented in Turkish presidential seal, Iran, Jimsar County, Kara-Khanid Khanate, Karakorum, Karluks, Kashgar, Khagan, Kingdom of Qocho, Kutlug I Bilge Kagan, Luoyang, Mahmud al-Kashgari, Manichaeism, Mongol Empire, Mongolia, Mongoloid, New Book of Tang, Old Book of Tang, Old Turkic language, Old Uyghur alphabet, Ordos Desert, Ordu-Baliq, ..., Otukan, Selenga River, Shaanxi, Shatuo, Shi Chaoyi, Shiwei, Silk Road, Sogdia, Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan, Tang dynasty, Tangut people, Tibetan Empire, Toquz Oghuz, Turgesh, Turkestan, Turkic peoples, Turpan, Uyghurs, Xiongnu, Yabgu, Yagma, Yenisei Kirghiz. Expand index (22 more) »

Altai Mountains

The Altai Mountains (Altay Mountains) are a mountain range in Central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and are where the rivers Irtysh and Ob have their headwaters.

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An ambassador is an official envoy, especially a highest ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state, or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.

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An Lushan

An Lushan (703– 29 January 757) was a general who launched a devastating rebellion against the Tang dynasty in China.

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An Lushan Rebellion

The An Lushan Rebellion was a devastating rebellion against the Tang dynasty of China.

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Artux, Atush or Atushi (Kyrgyz: ارتىش Артыш) is a county-level city in Xinjiang.

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Astana (Астана) is the capital of Kazakhstan.

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The Basmyls (Basmyl; Basmals, Basmils, Old Turkic:, Basmïl) were a 7th–8th century nomadic tribe who mostly inhabited the Dzungaria region in the northwest of modern day China.

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Baurchuk Art Tekin

Baurchuk Art Tekin (known also as Idikut Baurchuk, Idikut Barchuq) was a ruler, with a title of Idikut, of the Buddhist Uyghur Kara-Khoja Kingdom (856-1389) in Beshbalik (near present-day Urumqi), Kara-Khoja (near present-day Turpan, known also as Idikut-Shahri) and Kumul between 1208 and 1235.

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Bayanchur Khan

Bayanchur Khan (known also as Moyanchur Khan),E.g., Bo Yang Edition of the Zizhi Tongjian, vol.

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Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves

The Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves is a complex of Buddhist cave grottos dating from the 5th to 14th century between the cities of Turpan and Shanshan (Loulan) at the north-east of the Taklamakan Desert near the ancient ruins of Gaochang in the Mutou Valley, a gorge in the Flaming Mountains, China.

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Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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Central Asia

Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.

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Chang'an is an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.

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The Chigil (Chihil, and also Jigil, Djikil, Chiyal) were a Turkic tribe known from the 7th century CE as living around Issyk Kul lake area.

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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia.

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Emperor Daizong of Tang

Emperor Daizong of Tang (唐代宗) (9 January 727http://www.sinica.edu.tw/ftms-bin/kiwi1/luso.sh?lstype.

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Emperor Dezong of Tang

Emperor Dezong of Tang (唐德宗) (May 27, 742 – February 25, 805), personal name Li Kuo (李适), was an emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty and the oldest son of his father Emperor Daizong.

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Emperor Suzong of Tang

Emperor Suzong of Tang (唐肅宗; February 21, 711 – May 16, 762; r. 756 – 762), personal name Li Heng (李亨), né Li Sisheng (李嗣升), known as Li Jun (李浚) from 725 to 736, known as Li Yu (李璵) from 736 to 738, known briefly as Li Shao (李紹) in 738, was an emperor of the Tang Dynasty and the son of Emperor Xuanzong.

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Ethnic groups in Chinese history

Ethnic groups in Chinese history refer to various or presumed ethnicities of significance to the history of China, gathered through the study of Classical Chinese literature, Chinese and non-Chinese literary sources and inscriptions, historical linguistics, and archaeological research.

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Gansu is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.

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Gansu Uyghur Kingdom

The Gansu Uyghur Kingdom was established around 848, by the Uyghurs after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in 840.

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Gaochang, also called Qara-hoja or Kara-Khoja (قاراغوجا in Uyghur), is the site of an ancient oasis city built on the northern rim of the inhospitable Taklamakan Desert in Xinjiang, China.

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The Türks or the Kök Türks (Old Turkic:, Khotanese Saka Ttūrka, Ttrūka, Old Tibetan Drugu) and sometimes as its Anatolian Turkish form Göktürks (Celestial or Blue Turks), were a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples in medieval Inner Asia.

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Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan (often pronounced;; c. 1162 18 August 1227), born Temüjin, was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise.

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Gobi Desert

The Gobi (Говь,, "semidesert") is a large desert region in Asia.

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Guazhou County

Guazhou County, formerly (until 2006) Anxi County (安西县), is an administrative district in Gansu, the People's Republic of China.

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Guo Ziyi

Guo Ziyi (Kuo Tzu-i; Traditional Chinese: 郭子儀, Simplified Chinese: 郭子仪, Hanyu Pinyin: Guō Zǐyí, Wade-Giles: Kuo1 Tzu3-i2) (697 – July 9, 781), formally Prince Zhōngwǔ of Fényáng (汾陽忠武王), was a general during the Tang Dynasty who ended the An Shi Rebellion, and participated in expeditions against the peoples of Huihe (the Uyghur Khaganate) and Tubo (the Tibetan Empire).

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Han Chinese

No description.

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Historic states represented in Turkish presidential seal

16 Great Turkish EmpiresNecdet Evliyagil, Sami Güner, Basın-Yayın Genel Müdürlüğü, Ajans-Türk, Türkiye: Cumhuriyetin 50.

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Iran (or; ایران), historically known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia.

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Jimsar County

Jimsar County (Xiao'erjing: کِمُوسَاعَر ﺷِﯿًﺎ) is a county in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, China.

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Kara-Khanid Khanate

The Kara-Khanid Khanate (قَراخانيان, Qarākhānīyān or, Khakānīya,, 桃花石) was a Turkic dynasty that ruled in Transoxania in Central Asia, ruled by a dynasty known in literature as the Karakhanids (also spelt Qarakhanids) or Ilek Khanids.

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Karakorum (Classical Mongolian: Qara Qorum, Khalkha Mongolian: Хархорум Kharkhorum) was the capital of the Mongol Empire between 1235 and 1260, and of the Northern Yuan in the 14–15th centuries.

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The Karluks (also Qarluqs, Qarluks, Karluqs, Old Turkic:, Qarluq, Persian: خَلُّخ (Khallokh), Arabic قارلوق "Qarluq") were a prominent nomadic Turkic tribal confederacy residing in the regions of Kara-Irtysh (Black Irtysh) and the Tarbagatai Mountains west of the Altay Mountains in Central Asia.

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Kashgar (known in Chinese as Kashi) is an oasis city with an approximate population of 350,000.

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Kha Khan or Khagan or Qagan (хаан, Khaan) is a title in the Mongolian language equal to the status of emperor and used to refer to someone who rules a khaganate or empire.

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Kingdom of Qocho

The Kingdom of Qocho, (Mongolian Uihur "id.") also called the Idiqut state ("Holy Wealth, Glory"), was a Uyghur state created during 856–866 and based in Qocho (modern Gaochang, also called Qara-Khoja, near modern Turpan); Jimsar County; Hami City; and Kucha.

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Kutlug I Bilge Kagan

Kutlug I Bilge Peilo Kagan, also known by his throne name Qutlugh Bilge Köl Kaghan (骨咄禄毗伽阙可汗, gudulupigaquekehan), and in Chinese sources the personal name of Guli Peiluo (骨力裴罗, or Ku-li p'ei-lo), was the Kaghan of Uyghur Khaganate, the successor state of the Turkic Khaganate.

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Luoyang is a prefecture-level city in western Henan province of Central China.

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Mahmud al-Kashgari

Mahmud ibn Hussayn ibn Muhammed al-Kashgari (محمود بن الحسين بن محمد الكاشغري - Maḥmūd ibnu 'l-Ḥussayn ibn Muḥammad al-Kāšġarī; Mahmûd bin Hüseyin bin Muhammed El Kaşgari, Kaşgarlı Mahmûd; مەھمۇد قەشقىرى) was an 11th-century Turkic scholar and lexicographer of Turkic languages from Kashgar.

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Manichaeism (in Modern Persian آیین مانی Āyin e Māni) was a major religion that was founded by the Iranian prophet Mani (in Persian: مانی, Syriac: ܡܐܢܝ, Latin: Manichaeus or Manes; 216–276 AD) in the Sasanian Empire.

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Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles), existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

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Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠤᠰ in Mongolian script; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked country in east-central Asia.

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Mongoloid is the general physical type of some or all of the populations of East Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Eastern Russia, the Arctic, the Americas, parts of the Pacific Islands, and parts of South Asia.

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New Book of Tang

The New Book of Tang, generally translated as “New History of the Tang,” or “New Tang History,” is a work of official history covering the Tang dynasty in ten volumes and 225 chapters.

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Old Book of Tang

The Old Book of Tang, or simply the Book of Tang, is the first classic historical work about the Tang dynasty, comprising 200 chapters, and is one of the Twenty-Four Histories.

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Old Turkic language

Old Turkic (also East Old Turkic, Orkhon Turkic, Old Uyghur) is the earliest attested form of Turkic, found in Göktürk and Uyghur inscriptions dating from about the 7th century to the 13th century.

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Old Uyghur alphabet

The Old Uyghur alphabet was used for writing the Old Uyghur language, a variety of Old Turkic spoken in Turfan that is an ancestor of the modern Yugur language.

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Ordos Desert

The Ordos Desert, also known as the Mu Us Desert,Donovan Webster.

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Ordu-Baliqalso spelled Ordu Balykh, Ordu Balik, Ordu-Baliq, Ordu Balig, Ordu Baligh (meaning "city of the court", "city of the army"), also known as Mubalik and Karabalghasun, was the capital of the first Uyghur Khaganate, built on the site of the former Göktürk imperial capital, 17 km north-to-northeast of the later Mongol capital, Karakorum.

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Ötüken (Old Turkic:, Ötüken yïš, "Mount Ötüken";, Ötüken jer, "Land of Ötüken"), is a legendary capital city in Turkic mythology and Tengrism.

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Selenga River

The Selenga River (Selenge River, Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ мөрөн, Selenge mörön; Сэлэнгэ гол, Selenge gol, Сэлэнгэ мүрэн, Selenge müren; Селенга́) is a major river in Mongolia and Buryatia, Russia.

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Shaanxi (Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, officially part of the Northwest China region.

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The Shatuo (or, also: Shato, Sha-t'o, Sanskrit Sart) were a Turkic tribe that heavily influenced northern Chinese politics from the late ninth century through the tenth century.

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Shi Chaoyi

Shi Chaoyi (史朝義) (died 763) was the final emperor of the Yan state that was established in rebellion against the Chinese Tang Dynasty.

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Shiwei was an umbrella term of Mongols and Tungusic peoples that inhabited far-eastern Mongolia, northern Inner Mongolia, northern Manchuria and near the Okhotsk Sea beach and were recorded from the time of the Northern Wei (386-534) until the rise of the Mongols of Genghis Khan in 1206 when the name "Mongol" and "Tatar" were applied to all the Shiwei tribes.

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Silk Road

The Silk Road or Silk Route is an ancient network of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East by merchants, pilgrims, monks, soldiers, nomads, and urban dwellers from China and India to the Mediterranean Sea during various periods of time.

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Sogdiana or Sogdia (Suguda-) was the ancient civilization of an Iranian people and a province of the Achaemenid Empire, eighteenth in the list on the Behistun Inscription of Darius the Great (i. 16).

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Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan

Satuq Boghra Khan (سۇلتان سۇتۇق بۇغراخان (also spelled Satuk; died 955) was a Kara-Khanid Khan; in 934, he was one of the first Turkic rulers to convert to Islam, which prompted his Kara-Khanid subjects to convert. There are different historical accounts of the Satuq's life with some variations. Sources include Mulhaqāt al-Surāh (Supplement to the "Surah") by Jamal Qarshi (b. 1230/31) who quoted an earlier 11th-century text Tarikh-i Kashghar (History of Kashgar) by Abū-al-Futūh 'Abd al-Ghāfir ibn al-Husayn al-Alma'i, an account by Ottoman historian known as the Munajjimbashi, as well as a fragment of a manuscript in Chagatai, Tazkirah Bughra Khan (Memory of Bughra Khan).

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty, was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Tangut people

The Tangut, identified with the state of Western Xia, were Tibeto-Burman-speaking people who moved to Northwest China sometime before the 10th century.

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Tibetan Empire

The Tibetan Empire ("Great Tibet") existed from the 7th to 9th centuries AD when Tibet was unified as a large and powerful empire, and ruled an area considerably larger than the Tibetan Plateau, stretching to parts of East Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.

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Toquz Oghuz

Toquz Oghuz (Old Turkic:, Toquz Oγuz) was a political alliance of nine Turkic tribes.

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The Türgesh, Turgish or Türgish (Old Turkic: Türügesh, 突騎施/突骑施, Pinyin: tūqíshī, Wade-Giles: t'u-ch'i-shih) were a Turkic tribal confederation who emerged from the ruins of the Western Turkic Kaganate.

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Turkestan, also spelt as Turkistan, literally means "Land of the Turks".

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Turkic peoples

The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethnic groups that live in northern, eastern, central, and western Asia, northwestern China, and parts of eastern Europe.

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Turpan, also known as Turfan or Tulufan, is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

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The Uyghurs (Old Turkic) are a Turkic ethnic group living in Eastern and Central Asia.

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The Xiongnu (Old Chinese: /qʰoŋ.naː/, Wade-Giles: Hsiung-nu), were a large confederation of Eurasian nomads who dominated the Asian Steppe from the late 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD.

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Yabgu (Old Turkic:, yabγu, Traditional Chinese: 葉護, Simplified Chinese: 叶护, Jabgu, Djabgu, literally, "pioneer", "guide") was a state office in the early Turkic states, roughly equivalent to viceroy.

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The Yagmas, or Yaghmas, were a medieval tribe of Turkic people that came to the forefront of history after the disintegration of the Western Turkic Kaganate.

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Yenisei Kirghiz

The Yenisei Kyrgyz, also known as the Khyagas or Khakas, were an ancient Turkic people that dwelled along the upper Yenisei River in the southern portion of the Minusinsk Depression from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE.

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Culture of Uyghur Khanate, Huige, Huigu, Huihu, Orkhon Uyghur, Toquz Oghuz Country, Uighur Empire, Uighur Kaganate, Uighur Kaghanate, Uigur Kaganate, Uyghur Empire, Uyghur Kaganate.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_Khaganate

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