269 relations: Abwehr, Acetylene, Aggregat (rocket family), Air Force Armament Museum, Air Zoo, Airborne early warning and control, Aircraft catapult, Aircraft engine, Allies of World War II, Amatol, Amerikabomber, Analog computer, Anemometer, Anti-aircraft warfare, Antwerp, Antwerp International Airport, Arado Ar 234, Arado Flugzeugwerke, Ardouval, Area bombardment, Argus As 014, Argus As 292, Argus Fernfeuer, Argus Motoren, ARSAERO CT 10, Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Australian War Memorial, Autopilot, Barrage balloon, Battle of the Bulge, Beam riding, Bearing (navigation), Bell Labs, Blizna, Blockhaus d'Éperlecques, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Bofors 40 mm gun, Bomb disposal, Bomber, Bornholm, Brussels, Caen, Canberra, Catamaran, Cavity magnetron, Chantilly, Virginia, Chino Airport, Chino, California, Clayton Lawrence Bissell, ..., Code name, Colleville-sur-Mer, Combined Bomber Offensive, Combustion chamber, Compressed air energy storage, Contact fuze, Continental Motors, Inc., Cosmosphere, Croydon, Cruise missile, Cylinder, Datchworth, Dayton, Ohio, De Havilland Mosquito, Degrees of freedom (mechanics), Deutsches Museum, Director (military), Double-Cross System, Dymchurch, East Anglia, Eden Camp Museum, Eglin Air Force Base, Elevator (aeronautics), Erhard Milch, Ernst Udet, Escort carrier, Eton Wick, Fantasy of Flight, Fast attack craft, Fieseler, Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg, Fighter Interception Unit, Findlater Stewart, Finlay Crerar, Fire-control radar, Fire-control system, Flight dynamics (fixed-wing aircraft), Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum, Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, Frederick Alfred Pile, Fritz Gosslau, Fritz X, Fuselage, Generalfeldmarschall, Gloster Meteor, Goirle, Gotha Go 145, Greencastle, Indiana, Guillotine, Gyrocompass, Gyroscope, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Hanna Reitsch, Hawker Tempest, Heinkel, Heinkel He 111, Heinkel He 177, Henry H. Arnold, Henschel Hs 293, Hertz, Home Army, Home Army and V-1 and V-2, Home Defence Executive, Huntsville, Alabama, Hutchinson, Kansas, Hydrogen peroxide, Imperial War Museum, Imperial War Museum Duxford, Islington, JATO, John Cecil Masterman, John Pilkington Hudson, Joseph Berry (RAF officer), JPEG, Juan Pujol García, Junkers EF 126, Kampfgeschwader 3, Karlshagen, Kawanishi Aircraft Company, Kawanishi Baika, Kerrison Predictor, Kettering Bug, La Coupole, Landing Ship, Tank, Les Andelys, Lincolnshire, Lioré et Olivier LeO 45, Lisbon, List of German guided weapons of World War II, List of jet aircraft of World War II, List of missiles, Low Countries, Luftwaffe, Mechanical equilibrium, Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet, Messerschmitt Me 262, MGM-1 Matador, MGM-13 Mace, Military Aviation Museum, Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany), Missile guidance, Mistel, Mittelwerk, Museum of Flight, Museum of Transport and Technology, National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of the United States Air Force, Naval Air Station Point Mugu, Nazi Germany, No. 164 Squadron RAF, No. 3 Squadron RAF, No. 501 Squadron RAF, No. 605 Squadron RAF, No. 616 Squadron RAF, Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, North American P-51 Mustang, North Downs, North Sea, Oberst, Octane, Omaha Beach, Operation Crossbow, Operation Crossbow (film), Operation Downfall, Operation Overlord, Operation Paperclip, Ouistreham, Overloon War Museum, Pas-de-Calais, Peenemünde, Peenemünde Airfield, Peenemünde Army Research Center, Phyllophaga, Pima Air & Space Museum, Planes of Fame Air Museum, Plywood, Polk City, Florida, Porsche 109-005, Portage, Michigan, Potassium permanganate, Precision-guided munition, Pressurization, Proximity fuze, Pulsejet, Pyrotechnic fastener, QF 3.7-inch AA gun, Radio control, RAF Regiment, Railroad tie, Reciprocating engine, Reginald Victor Jones, Reichsmark, Remy Van Lierde, Republic Aviation, Republic-Ford JB-2, Resonance, Reverse engineering, RLM aircraft designation system, Robert Lusser, Roland Beamont, Rolls-Royce Griffon, Roman Czerniawski, Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, Royal Air Force Museum London, Royal Danish Arsenal Museum, Royal Observer Corps, Rudder, Saint-Omer, Saint-Saëns, Seine-Maritime, Schweizerisches Militärmuseum Full, Science Museum, London, SCR-584 radar, Seaplane, Sheet metal, Signal (magazine), Smithsonian Institution, Soviet Union, Spark plug, Spoiler (aeronautics), Stall (fluid mechanics), Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Strategic bombing, Supermarine Spitfire, Sword Beach, T-Stoff, Target drone, Tashkent, Television guidance, Thames Estuary, The Blitz, The Scarborough News, Tilburg, Transmitter, Tucson, Arizona, Turbojet, U.S. Space & Rocket Center, Ultra, United Kingdom, Universal Newsreel, University of Tokyo, V-1 flying bomb facilities, V-2 rocket, V-3 cannon, V-weapons, Vickers Wellington, Walter HWK 109-500, Wing commander (rank), Winston Churchill, World War II, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Wulf Schmidt, Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka, Yorkshire, Z-Stoff, 10Kh, 184th AAA Battalion (United States), 21st Army Group, 80th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 90 mm Gun M1/M2/M3. Expand index (219 more) » « Shrink index
The Abwehr was the German military intelligence service for the Reichswehr and Wehrmacht from 1920 to 1945.
Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.
The Aggregat series (German for "Aggregate') was a set of ballistic missile designs developed in 1933–45 by a research program of Nazi Germany's army (Wehrmacht).
The Air Force Armament Museum, adjacent to Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, is the only facility in the U.S. dedicated to the display of Air Force armament.
The Air Zoo, founded as the Kalamazoo Aviation History Museum, is an aviation museum and indoor amusement park next to the Kalamazoo-Battle Creek International Airport in Portage, Michigan.
An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.
An aircraft catapult is a device used to launch aircraft from ships, most commonly used on aircraft carriers, as a form of assisted take off.
An aircraft engine is the component of the propulsion system for an aircraft that generates mechanical power.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amatol is a highly explosive material made from a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate.
The Amerika bomber project was an initiative of the German Reichsluftfahrtministerium to obtain a long-range strategic bomber for the Luftwaffe that would be capable of striking the United States from Germany, a round-trip distance of about.
An analog computer or analogue computer is a form of computer that uses the continuously changeable aspects of physical phenomena such as electrical, mechanical, or hydraulic quantities to model the problem being solved.
An anemometer is a device used for measuring the speed of wind, and is also a common weather station instrument.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Antwerp International Airport is a small international airport serving Antwerp, the second most populous city of Belgium.
The Arado Ar 234 Blitz (English: lightning) was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.
Arado Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer, originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm, that produced land-based military aircraft and seaplanes during the First World War.
Ardouval is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.
In military aviation, area bombardment (or area bombing) is a type of aerial bombardment that targeted indiscriminately at a large area, such as a city block or an entire city.
The Argus As 014 (also known as the 109-014 by the RLM) was a pulsejet engine used on the German V-1 flying bomb of World War II, and the first model of pulsejet engine placed in mass production.
The Argus As 292 was originally developed in 1939 as a small, remote-controlled unmanned anti-aircraft target drone.
The Argus Fernfeuer (Long-Range Fire) concept was proposed in 1939 as a UAV for mine-laying.
Argus Motoren was a German manufacturing firm known for their series of small inverted-V engines and the Argus As 014 pulsejet for the V-1 flying bomb.
The ARSAERO CT 10, also known as the Arsenal/SFECMAS Ars 5501, was a remote-controlled target drone developed by the Arsenal de l'Aéronautique (ARSAERO) for the French Air Force.
The Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum (ACAM) is an aerospace museum located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada near the Halifax Stanfield International Airport.
The Auckland War Memorial Museum Tāmaki Paenga Hira (or simply the Auckland Museum) is one of New Zealand's most important museums and war memorials.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
An autopilot is a system used to control the trajectory of an aircraft without constant 'hands-on' control by a human operator being required.
A barrage balloon is a large kite balloon used to defend against aircraft attack by raising aloft cables which pose a collision risk, making the attacker's approach more difficult.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
Beam-riding, also known as Line-Of-Sight Beam Riding (LOSBR) or beam guidance, is a technique of directing a missile to its target by means of radar or a laser beam.
In navigation bearing may refer, depending on the context, to any of: (A) the direction or course of motion itself; (B) the direction of a distant object relative to the current course (or the "change" in course that would be needed to get to that distant object); or (C), the angle away from North of a distant point as observed at the current point.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
Blizna is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ostrów, within Ropczyce-Sędziszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland.
The Blockhaus d'Éperlecques (Bunker of Éperlecques, also referred to as "the Watten bunker" or simply "Watten") is a Second World War bunker, now part of a museum, near Saint-Omer in the northern Pas-de-Calais ''département'' of France, and only some 14.4 kilometers (8.9 miles) north-northwest from the more developed La Coupole V-2 launch facility, in the same general area.
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.
--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.
Bomb disposal is the process by which hazardous explosive devices are rendered safe.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
Bornholm (Burgundaholmr) is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of the westernmost part of Poland.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
A catamaran (informally, a "cat") is a multi-hulled watercraft featuring two parallel hulls of equal size.
The cavity magnetron is a high-powered vacuum tube that generates microwaves using the interaction of a stream of electrons with a magnetic field while moving past a series of open metal cavities (cavity resonators).
Chantilly is a census-designated place (CDP) in western Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.
Chino Airport is a county-owned airport about three miles southeast of Chino, in San Bernardino County, California.
Chino is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States.
Major General Clayton Lawrence Bissell (July 29, 1896 – December 24, 1972) was an air officer in the United States Army and United States Army Air Forces during World War I and World War II.
A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person.
Colleville-sur-Mer is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandie region in northwestern France.
The Combined Bomber Offensive (CBO) was an Anglo-American offensive of strategic bombing during World War II in Europe.
A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.
Compressed air energy storage (CAES) is a way to store energy generated at one time for use at another time using compressed air.
A contact fuze, impact fuze, percussion fuze or direct-action (D.A.) fuze (UK) is the fuze that is placed in the nose of a bomb or shell so that it will detonate on contact with a hard surface.
Continental Motors, Inc. is an aircraft engine manufacturer located at the Brookley Aeroplex in Mobile, Alabama, United States.
Cosmosphere is a space museum and STEM education center in Hutchinson, Kansas, United States.
Croydon is a large town in south London, England, south of Charing Cross.
A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.
Datchworth is a village and civil parish between the towns of Hertford, Stevenage and Welwyn Garden City in the county of Hertfordshire, England.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
In physics, the degree of freedom (DOF) of a mechanical system is the number of independent parameters that define its configuration.
The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) in Munich, Germany, is the world's largest museum of science and technology, with about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology.
A director, also called an auxiliary predictor, is a mechanical or electronic computer that continuously calculates trigonometric firing solutions for use against a moving target, and transmits targeting data to direct the weapon firing crew.
The Double-Cross System or XX System was a World War II counter-espionage and deception operation of the British Security Service, a civilian organisation usually referred to by its cover title MI5.
Dymchurch is a village and civil parish in the Folkestone and Hythe district of Kent, England.
East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England.
Eden Camp Modern History Theme Museum is a large Second World War-related museum near Malton in North Yorkshire in England.
Eglin Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately southwest of Valparaiso, Florida in Okaloosa County.
Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.
Erhard Milch (30 March 1892 – 25 January 1972) was a German field marshal and war criminal who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe as part of the re-armament of Nazi Germany following World War I. During World War II, he was in charge of aircraft production; his ineffective management resulted in the decline of the German air force and its loss of air superiority as the war progressed.
Ernst Udet (26 April 1896 – 17 November 1941) was a German pilot and air force general during World War II.
The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier (US hull classification symbol CVE), also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy, was a small and slow type of aircraft carrier used by the Royal Navy, the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, and the United States Navy in World War II.
Eton Wick is a village currently in the English ceremonial county of Berkshire, but traditionally in Buckinghamshire, on the River Thames.
Fantasy of Flight is an aviation-related attraction in Polk City, Florida, United States that takes visitors back to the pioneering days of early flight, World War I, World War II and beyond.
A fast attack craft (FAC) is a small, fast, agile and offensive warship armed with anti-ship missiles, gun or torpedoes.
The Gerhard Fieseler Werke (GFW) in Kassel was a German aircraft manufacturer of the 1930s and 1940s.
The Fieseler Fi 103R, code-named Reichenberg, was a late-World War II German manned version of the V-1 flying bomb (more correctly known as the Fieseler Fi 103) produced for attacks in which the pilot was likely to be killed (as actually intended, for use of the Imperial Japanese Naval Air Service's Ohka rocket-powered kamikaze suicide anti-ship missile) or at best to parachute down at the attack site, which were to be carried out by the "Leonidas Squadron", V. Gruppe of the Luftwaffe's Kampfgeschwader 200.
The Fighter Interception Unit (FIU) was a special interceptor aircraft unit of the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World War.
Sir Samuel Findlater Stewart (1879 – 1960) was a British civil servant of the India Office.
Air Commodore Finlay Crerar CBE RAF, was a senior Royal Air Force officer during the Second World War who served as the fourth Commandant of the Royal Observer Corps and led the ROC through the final two years of the war and the difficult period of the V-1 flying bomb raids on Southern England.
A fire-control radar (FCR) is a radar that is designed specifically to provide information (mainly target azimuth, elevation, range and range rate) to a fire-control system in order to direct weapons such that they hit a target.
A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.
Flight dynamics is the science of air vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions.
The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum is Paul G. Allen's collection of rare military aircraft, tanks and other military treasures which comprises artifacts from Germany, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, also known as Kurier to the Allies, was a German all-metal four-engined monoplane originally developed by Focke-Wulf as a long-range airliner.
General Sir Frederick Alfred Pile, 2nd Baronet, (14 September 1884 – 14 November 1976) was a senior British Army officer who served in both World Wars.
Fritz Gosslau (25 March 1898 – 1 December 1965) was a German engineer, known for his work on the V-1 flying bomb.
Fritz X was the most common name for a German guided anti-ship glide bomb used during World War II.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
Generalfeldmarschall (general field marshal, field marshal general, or field marshal;; abbreviated to Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and the Holy Roman Empire; in the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, the rank Feldmarschall was used.
The Gloster Meteor was the first British jet fighter and the Allies' only jet aircraft to achieve combat operations during the Second World War.
Goirle is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.
The Gotha Go 145 was a German World War II-era biplane of wood and fabric construction used by Luftwaffe training units.
Greencastle is a city in Greencastle Township, Putnam County, Indiana, United States, and the county seat of Putnam County.
A guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading.
A gyrocompass is a type of non-magnetic compass which is based on a fast-spinning disc and the rotation of the Earth (or another planetary body if used elsewhere in the universe) to find geographical direction automatically.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
Halifax, officially known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
Hanna Reitsch (29 March 1912 – 24 August 1979) was a German aviator and test pilot.
The Hawker Tempest is a British fighter aircraft primarily used by the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the Second World War.
Heinkel Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company founded by and named after Ernst Heinkel.
The Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in 1934.
The Heinkel He 177 Greif ("Griffin") was a large, long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force.
The Henschel Hs 293 was a World War II German anti-ship guided missile: a radio controlled glide bomb with a rocket engine slung underneath it.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
The Home Army (Armia Krajowa;, abbreviated AK) was the dominant Polish resistance movement in Poland, occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, during World War II.
During World War II, the Polish resistance Home Army (Armia Krajowa), which conducted military operations against occupying German forces, was also heavily involved in intelligence work.
The Home Defence Executive (H.D.E.) was formed on 10 May 1940 under General Sir Edmund Ironside, Commander-in-chief Home Forces, to organise the defence of Britain from invasion by the Axis powers.
Huntsville is a city located primarily in Madison County in the Appalachian region of northern Alabama.
Hutchinson is the largest city and county seat in Reno County, Kansas, United States, and located on the Arkansas River.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.
Imperial War Museum Duxford is a branch of the Imperial War Museum near Duxford in Cambridgeshire, England.
Islington is a district in Greater London, England, and part of the London Borough of Islington.
JATO (acronym for jet-assisted take-off), is a type of assisted take-off for helping overloaded aircraft into the air by providing additional thrust in the form of small rockets.
Sir John Cecil Masterman OBE (12 January 1891 – 6 June 1977) was a noted academic, sportsman and author.
John Pilkington Hudson, (24 July 1910 – 6 December 2007) was an English horticultural scientist who did pioneer work on long-distance transportability of what became known as the kiwifruit.
Squadron Leader Joseph Berry, DFC ** (28 February 1920 – 2 October 1944) shot down 59 V-1 missiles ("flying bombs") during World War II, more than any other fighter pilot.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
Juan Pujol García MBE (14 February 1912 – 10 October 1988) was a Spanish citizen who deliberately became a double agent against Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Junkers EF 126 was an experimental fighter proposed by the German ''Miniaturjägerprogramm'' of 1944-1945, for a cheap and simple fighter powered by a pulse jet engine.
Kampfgeschwader 3 "Blitz" (KG 3) was a Luftwaffe bomber wing during World War II.
Karlshagen is a Baltic Sea resort in Western Pomerania in the north of the island Usedom.
was a Japanese aircraft manufacturer during World War II.
The was a pulsejet-powered kamikaze ("divine wind") aircraft under development for the Imperial Japanese Navy towards the end of World War II.
The Kerrison Predictor was one of the first fully automated anti-aircraft fire-control systems.
The Kettering Bug was an experimental, unmanned aerial torpedo, a forerunner of present-day cruise missiles.
La Coupole (The Dome), also known as the Coupole d'Helfaut-Wizernes and originally codenamed Bauvorhaben 21 (Building Project 21) or Schotterwerk Nordwest (Northwest Gravel Works), is a Second World War bunker complex in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France, about from Saint-Omer, and some 14.4 kilometers (8.9 miles) south-southeast from the less developed Blockhaus d'Eperlecques V-2 launch installation in the same area.
Landing Ship, Tank (LST), or tank landing ship, is the naval designation for ships built during World War II to support amphibious operations by carrying tanks, vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto shore with no docks or piers.
Les Andelys is a commune in the Eure department in Normandy in northern France.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
Lioré-et-Olivier LeO 45 was a French medium bomber that was used during and after the Second World War.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
During World War II, Nazi Germany developed many missile and precision-guided munition systems.
World War II was the first war in which jet aircraft participated in combat with examples being used on both sides of the conflict during the latter stages of the war.
Below is a list of missiles, sorted alphabetically by name.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
In classical mechanics, a particle is in mechanical equilibrium if the net force on that particle is zero.
The Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet was a German rocket-powered interceptor aircraft.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
The Martin MGM-1 Matador was the first operational surface-to-surface cruise missile designed and built by the United States.
The Martin Mace (designated as TM-76A and TM-76B tactical missile until 1963, then as MGM-13A for Mobile Ground Launched Missile and CGM-13 for Coffin Ground Launched Missile) is a tactical cruise missile developed from the Martin TM-61 Matador later MGM-1 Matador.
The Military Aviation Museum in Virginia Beach, Virginia, is home to one of the world's largest collections of warbirds in flying condition.
The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938 The Ministry of Aviation (Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933–45).
Missile guidance refers to a variety of methods of guiding a missile or a guided bomb to its intended target.
Mistel (German for "mistletoe"), was the larger, unmanned component of a composite aircraft configuration developed in Germany during the later stages of World War II.
Mittelwerk (German for "Central Works") was a German World War II factory built underground in the Kohnstein to avoid Allied bombing.
The Museum of Flight is a private non-profit air and space museum in the northwest United States.
The Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) is a science and technology museum located in Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
Naval Air Station Point Mugu is a former United States Navy air station that operated from 1942 to 2000 in California.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
No 3 Squadron of the Royal Air Force operates the Typhoon F2, FGR4 and T3 from RAF Coningsby, Lincolnshire.
No 501 Squadron was the fourteenth of the twenty-one flying units in the Royal Auxiliary Air Force, the volunteer reserve part of the British Royal Air Force.
No 605 Squadron was formed as an Auxiliary Air Force Squadron.
The Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial (Cimetière américain de Colleville-sur-Mer) is a World War II cemetery and memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer, Normandy, France, that honors American troops who died in Europe during World War II.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
The North Downs are a ridge of chalk hills in south east England that stretch from Farnham in Surrey to the White Cliffs of Dover in Kent.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Oberst is a military rank in several German-speaking and Scandinavian countries, equivalent to Colonel.
Octane is a hydrocarbon and an alkane with the chemical formula C8H18, and the condensed structural formula CH3(CH2)6CH3.
Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II.
Crossbow was the code name of the World War II campaign of Anglo-American "operations against all phases of the German long-range weapons programme.
Operation Crossbow, later re-released as The Great Spy Mission, is a 1965 British spy thriller and Second World War Metrocolor film about Operation Crossbow (1943−1945) in Panavision.
Operation Downfall was the proposed Allied plan for the invasion of Japan near the end of World War II.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Paperclip was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by Special Agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun and his V-2 rocket team, were recruited in post-Nazi Germany and taken to the U.S. for government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959.
Ouistreham is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandie region in northwestern France.
The Overloon War Museum (Dutch: Oorlogsmuseum Overloon) is located in Overloon, Netherlands.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
Peenemünde ("Peene Mouth") is a municipality on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Peenemünde Airfield is an airfield along the Baltic Sea north of Peenemünde, Germany.
The Peenemünde Army Research Centre (Heeresversuchsanstalt Peenemünde, HVP) was founded in 1937 as one of five military proving grounds under the German Army Weapons Office (Heereswaffenamt).
Phyllophaga is a very large genus (more than 900 species) of New World scarab beetles in the subfamily Melolonthinae.
The Pima Air & Space Museum, located in Tucson, Arizona, is one of the world's largest non-government funded aerospace museums.
Planes of Fame Air Museum is an aviation museum in Chino, California,, Planes of Fame Air Museum, Retrieved March 5, 2011.
Plywood is a sheet material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another.
Polk City is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States.
The Porsche 109-005 was a turbojet engine, with the factory designation of "TL-300", intended to power the FZG-76B long-range missile (an improved version of the V-1 flying bomb known as the FZG-76), and proposed for use (along with a pair of the V-1's Argus As 014 pulsejets) by Messerschmitt AG for one proposal for the design of the abortive Messerschmitt Me 328 emergency fighter.
Portage is a city in Kalamazoo County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound and medication.
A precision-guided munition (PGM, smart weapon, smart munition, smart bomb) is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target, to minimize collateral damage and increase lethality against intended targets.
Pressurization (or Pressurisation) is the application of pressure in a given situation or environment.
A proximity fuze is a fuze that detonates an explosive device automatically when the distance to the target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.
A pulsejet engine (or pulse jet) is a type of jet engine in which combustion occurs in pulses.
A pyrotechnic fastener (also called an explosive bolt, or pyro, within context) is a fastener, usually a nut or bolt, that incorporates a pyrotechnic charge that can be initiated remotely.
The QF 3.7-inch AA was Britain's primary heavy anti-aircraft gun during World War II.
Radio control (often abbreviated to R/C or simply RC) is the use of radio signals to remotely control a device.
The Royal Air Force Regiment (RAF Regiment) is part of the Royal Air Force and functions as a specialist corps founded by Royal Warrant in 1942.
A railroad tie/railway tie/crosstie (North America) or railway sleeper (Britain, Ireland, South Asia, Australasia, and Africa) is a rectangular support for the rails in railroad tracks.
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
Reginald Victor Jones, FRSE, LLD (29 September 1911 – 17 December 1997) was a British physicist and scientific military intelligence expert who played an important role in the defence of Britain in.
The Reichsmark (sign: ℛℳ) was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 in West Germany, where it was replaced with the Deutsche Mark, and until 23 June in East Germany when it was replaced by the East German mark.
Colonel Remy Van Lierde (14 August 1915 – 8 June 1990) was a Belgian pilot and fighter ace who served during World War II in the Belgian and British Air Forces, shooting down six enemy aircraft and 44 V-1 flying bombs, and achieving the RAF rank of Squadron Leader.
The Republic Aviation Corporation was an American aircraft manufacturer based in Farmingdale, Long Island, New York.
The Republic-Ford JB-2, also known as the KGW and LTV-N-2 Loon, was a United States copy of the German V-1 flying bomb.
In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies.
Reverse engineering, also called back engineering, is the process by which a man-made object is deconstructed to reveal its designs, architecture, or to extract knowledge from the object; similar to scientific research, the only difference being that scientific research is about a natural phenomenon.
The German Air Ministry (Reichsluftfahrtministerium; RLM) had a system for aircraft designation which was an attempt by the aviation authorities of the Third Reich to standardize and produce an identifier for each aircraft design's airframe type produced in Germany.
Robert Lusser (19 April 1899 – 19 January 1969) was a German engineer, aircraft designer and aviator.
Wing Commander Roland Prosper "Bee" Beamont, (10 August 1920 – 19 November 2001) was a British fighter pilot for the Royal Air Force and an experimental test pilot during and after the Second World War.
The Rolls-Royce Griffon is a British 37-litre (2,240 cu in) capacity, 60-degree V-12, liquid-cooled aero engine designed and built by Rolls-Royce Limited.
Roman Garby-Czerniawski (6 February 1910 – 26 April 1985) was a Polish Air Force Captain and Allied double agent during World War II, using the codename Brutus.
The Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, located in Cosford in Shropshire, is a museum dedicated to the history of aviation and the Royal Air Force in particular.
The Royal Air Force Museum London, commonly called the RAF Museum, is located on the former Hendon Aerodrome, with five major buildings and hangars dedicated to the history of aviation and the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Danish Arsenal Museum (Danish: Tøjhusmuseet) is a museum of military history and arms on Slotsholmen in central Copenhagen, Denmark.
The Royal Observer Corps (ROC) was a civil defence organisation intended for the visual detection, identification, tracking and reporting of aircraft over Great Britain.
A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water).
Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) is a commune in France.
Saint-Saëns (until about 1940–1950) is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.
The Schweizerisches Militärmuseum Full is the Swiss military museum, located in Full-Reuenthal, canton Aargau.
The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.
The SCR-584 (short for Set, Complete, Radio # 584) was an automatic-tracking microwave radar developed by the MIT Radiation Laboratory during World War II.
A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.
Sheet metal is metal formed by an industrial process into thin, flat pieces.
Signal was a magazine published by the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany from 1940 through 1945.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A spark plug (sometimes, in British English, a sparking plug, and, colloquially, a plug) is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine.
In aeronautics, a spoiler (sometimes called a lift spoiler or lift dumper) is a device intended to intentionally reduce the lift component of an airfoil in a controlled way.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, also called the Udvar-Hazy Center, is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)'s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in the Chantilly area of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
Sword, commonly known as Sword Beach, was the code name given to one of the five main landing areas along the Normandy coast during the initial assault phase, Operation Neptune, of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of German-occupied France that commenced on 6 June 1944.
T-Stoff ("T-stuff") was a stabilised high test peroxide used in Germany during World War II.
A target drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle, generally remote controlled, usually used in the training of anti-aircraft crews.
Tashkent (Toshkent, Тошкент, تاشكېنت,; Ташкент) is the capital and largest city of Uzbekistan, as well as the most populated city in Central Asia with a population in 2012 of 2,309,300.
Television guidance (TGM) is a type of missile guidance system using a television camera in the missile or glide bomb that sends its signal back to the launch platform.
The Thames Estuary is the estuary in which the River Thames meets the waters of the North Sea, in the south-east of Great Britain.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The Scarborough News is a weekly newspaper distributed in and around the Scarborough area in North Yorkshire.
Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant.
In electronics and telecommunications, a transmitter or radio transmitter is an electronic device which produces radio waves with an antenna.
Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
The U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama is a museum operated by the government of Alabama, showcasing rockets, achievements, and artifacts of the U.S. space program.
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Universal Newsreel (sometimes known as Universal-International Newsreel or just U-I Newsreel) was a series of 7- to 10-minute newsreels that were released twice a week between 1929 and 1967 by Universal Studios.
, abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.
In order to carry out the planned V-1 "flying bomb" attacks on the United Kingdom, Germany built a number of military installations including launching sites and depots.
The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.
The V-3 (Vergeltungswaffe 3, "Retribution Weapon 3") was a German World War II supergun working on the multi-charge principle whereby secondary propellant charges are fired to add velocity to a projectile.
V-weapons, known in original German as Vergeltungswaffen (German: "retaliatory weapons", "reprisal weapons"), were a particular set of long-range artillery weapons designed for strategic bombing during World War II, particularly terror bombing and/or aerial bombing of cities.
The Vickers Wellington was a British twin-engined, long-range medium bomber.
The Walter HWK 109-500 was a liquid-fuelled rocket engine developed by Walter in Germany during the Second World War.
Wing commander (Wg Cdr in the RAF, the IAF, and the PAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, formerly sometimes W/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including many Commonwealth countries but not including Canada and South Africa.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.
Wulf Dietrich Christian Schmidt, later known as Harry Williamson (7 December 1911 – 19 October 1992) was a Danish citizen who during the Second World War became a double agent working for Britain against Nazi Germany under the codename Tate.
The Yokosuka MXY-7 was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of World War II.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
Z-Stoff was a name for calcium permanganate or sodium permanganate mixed in water.
10Kh was the designation for the initial series of Soviet Union pulse jet engine powered air-launched cruise missiles, reverse engineered from the Fieseler Fi 103 (V-1) flying bomb, developed in the 1950s by OKB-52 under the leadership of Vladimir Nikolaevič Čelomej (Chelomey) and cancelled in the same decade.
The 184th AAA Gun Battalion was an American anti aircraft artillery battalion of World War II.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 80th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (80th AA Bde) was an air defence formation of the British Army during World War II.
The 90–mm Gun M1/M2/M3 is an American heavy anti-aircraft and anti-tank gun, playing a role similar to the German 8.8cm Flak 18.
Argus As 14, Buzz bomb, Buzzbomb, Doodlebug (flying bomb), Fi 103, Fi-103, Fieseler Fi 103 V-1 flying bomb, Fieseler Fi 103R Selbstopfer, Fieseler Fi-103, Fieseler Fi103, Flying Bombs, Robot Blitz, V-1 (flying bomb), V-1 (missile), V-1 Cruise missile, V-1 Flying Bomb, V-1 Missile, V-1 cruise missile, V-1 drone, V-1 flying bombs, V-1 missile, V-1 rocket, V1 Flying Bomb, V1 flying bomb, V1 missile, V1 rocket, V1 rockets, Vergeltungswaffe 1.