246 relations: Aberdeen, Maryland, Accelerometer, Aden, Adolf Hitler, Aggregat (rocket family), Air burst, Air Force Space Command, Alamogordo, New Mexico, Albert Speer, Allies of World War II, Amatol, Analog computer, Anti-Aircraft Command, Anti-aircraft warfare, Antwerp, Armia Krajowa Museum in Kraków, Arras, Atmospheric pressure, Auschwitz concentration camp, Australian War Memorial, Azimuth, Ballistic missile, Balloon tank, Battle of Remagen, Beam riding, Bernard Montgomery, Bezuidenhout, Blizna, Blockhaus d'Éperlecques, Bombing of the Bezuidenhout, Bordeaux, Boundary layer, Braunschweig, Brennschluss, British Interplanetary Society, Bungay, Cambrai, Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral, Florida, Catalysis, Charles Drummond Ellis, Chatham, Kent, Chessboard, Chiswick, Cine Rex, Circa, Coal gas, Cold War, Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre, Combustion chamber, ..., Contact fuze, Cosmic ray, Cosmosphere, Cranfield University, Dayton, Ohio, Deutsches Museum, Diest, Disinformation, Doppler effect, Double-Cross System, Dover, New Jersey, Duisburg, Dulles, Virginia, Duncan Sandys, Dutch resistance, El Paso, Texas, Engineer, Ethanol, F. W. Woolworth Company, Fiberglass, Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum, Fort Bliss, Frederick Alfred Pile, Freeman Dyson, Fuselage, Gaasterlân-Sleat, Gas, German Army (Wehrmacht), German Museum of Technology, Graphite, Gyroscope, Hans Kammler, Harwich, Hasselt, Hellendoorn, Helmut Gröttrup, Hermann Oberth, Hermes (missile program), Historical Technical Museum, Peenemünde, History (U.S. TV network), Home Army, Home Army and V-1 and V-2, Huntsville, Alabama, Hutchinson, Kansas, Hyde Park, London, Hydrogen peroxide, Imperial War Museum, Intercontinental ballistic missile, Internment, Ipswich, Jakarta, James Oberg, Kapustin Yar, Kármán line, Kent, Kohnstein, Kummersdorf, La Coupole, Las Cruces, New Mexico, Le Molay-Littry, Legermuseum, Liège, Life (magazine), Lille, Liquid oxygen, Liquid-propellant rocket, List of stoffs, Lochem, London, Long ton, Ludendorff Bridge, Maastricht, Magnus von Braun, Manhattan Project, Marshall Space Flight Center, Méry-sur-Oise, Meillerwagen, Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, Middelburg, Missile guidance, Mittelbau-Dora, Mittelwerk, Mons, Munich, Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago), MW 18014, National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of the United States Air Force, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, New Cross, New Mexico Museum of Space History, Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum, Norwich, Operation Backfire (World War II), Operation Bodenplatte, Operation Crossbow, Operation Hurricane (1944), Operation Hydra (1943), Operation Most III, Operation Osoaviakhim, Operation Paperclip, Operation Teardrop, Operations Sandy and Pushover, Orpington, Oxidizing agent, Parabola, Paris, Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology, Peenemünde, Peenemünde Army Research Center, PGM-11 Redstone, Picatinny Arsenal, PIGA accelerometer, Polish Aviation Museum, Porte d'Italie, Project VR-190, Propellant, Proximity fuze, R-1 (missile), R-2 (missile), R-5 Pobeda, R-7 Semyorka, RAAF Museum, Radio control, Raymond Baxter, Redstone Arsenal, Regenerative cooling (rocket), Reginald Victor Jones, Reichsmark, Remagen, Replica, Rijs, RLM aircraft by manufacturer, Robert H. Goddard, Rocket, Rocket U-boat, Roderic Hill, Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, Royal Air Force Museum London, Royal Engineers Museum, Sapper, Sarnaki, Schutzstaffel, Science Museum, London, Serooskerke, Walcheren, Shock diamond, Siemens, Slavery, SM-65 Atlas, Sodium permanganate, Sonic boom, Soviet Union, Space exploration, Speed of sound, Splittertarnmuster, SS John Barry, St. Louis, Stafford Air & Space Museum, Staveley Road, Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Sub-orbital spaceflight, Submarine-launched ballistic missile, Technical University of Berlin, The Hague, Toulouse, Tourcoing, Tournai, Tuchola Forest, U-boat, U.S. Space & Rocket Center, Unfree labour, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Ordnance Training and Heritage Center, United States European Command, United States Navy, Upper Atmosphere Research Panel, USS Midway (CV-41), V-1 flying bomb, V-3 cannon, V-weapons, Waffen-SS, Walter Dornberger, Walter Riedel, Walter Thiel, Washington, D.C., Weatherford, Oklahoma, Wehrmacht, Wernher von Braun, White Sands Missile Range, White Sands, New Mexico, Winston Churchill, World War II, Wunderwaffe, Zeeland, 4th Operations Group. Expand index (196 more) » « Shrink index
Aberdeen is a city located in Harford County, Maryland, from Baltimore.
An accelerometer is a device that measures proper acceleration.
Aden (عدن Yemeni) is a port city in Yemen, located by the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of Bab-el-Mandeb.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The Aggregat series (German for "Aggregate') was a set of ballistic missile designs developed in 1933–45 by a research program of Nazi Germany's army (Wehrmacht).
An air burst is the detonation of an explosive device such as an anti-personnel artillery shell or a nuclear weapon in the air instead of on contact with the ground or target or a delayed armor-piercing explosion.
Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), sometimes referred to informally as U.S. Space Command, is a major command of the United States Air Force, with its headquarters at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado.
Alamogordo is the seat of Otero County, New Mexico, United States.
Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer (March 19, 1905 – September 1, 1981) was a German architect who was, for most of World War II, Reich Minister of Armaments and War Production for Nazi Germany.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amatol is a highly explosive material made from a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate.
An analog computer or analogue computer is a form of computer that uses the continuously changeable aspects of physical phenomena such as electrical, mechanical, or hydraulic quantities to model the problem being solved.
Anti-Aircraft Command (AA Command, or "Ack-Ack Command") was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the United Kingdom.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Home Army Museum in Kraków (Muzeum Armii Krajowej w Krakowie) was created in Kraków, Poland in 2000, to commemorate the struggle for independence by the underground Polish Secret State and its military arm Armia Krajowa (The Home Army), the largest resistance movement in occupied Europe during World War II.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
An azimuth (from the pl. form of the Arabic noun "السَّمْت" as-samt, meaning "the direction") is an angular measurement in a spherical coordinate system.
A ballistic missile follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads on a predetermined target.
A balloon tank is a style of fuel tank used in the Atlas ICBM and Centaur upper stage that does not use an internal framework, but instead relies on a constant internal pressurization to keep its shape.
The Battle of Remagen during the Allied invasion of Germany resulted in the unexpected capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine and likely shortened World War II in Europe.
Beam-riding, also known as Line-Of-Sight Beam Riding (LOSBR) or beam guidance, is a technique of directing a missile to its target by means of radar or a laser beam.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Bezuidenhout (South of the Wood) is the neighborhood (wijk) southeast of the Haagse Bos neighborhood of The Hague in the Netherlands.
Blizna is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Ostrów, within Ropczyce-Sędziszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland.
The Blockhaus d'Éperlecques (Bunker of Éperlecques, also referred to as "the Watten bunker" or simply "Watten") is a Second World War bunker, now part of a museum, near Saint-Omer in the northern Pas-de-Calais ''département'' of France, and only some 14.4 kilometers (8.9 miles) north-northwest from the more developed La Coupole V-2 launch facility, in the same general area.
The bombing of the Bezuidenhout took place on 3 March 1945, when the Royal Air Force accidentally bombed the Bezuidenhout neighbourhood in the Dutch city of The Hague.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
In physics and fluid mechanics, a boundary layer is an important concept and refers to the layer of fluid in the immediate vicinity of a bounding surface where the effects of viscosity are significant.
Braunschweig (Low German: Brunswiek), also called Brunswick in English, is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker river which connects it to the North Sea via the Aller and Weser rivers.
Brennschluss (a loanword, from the German Brennschluss) is either the cessation of fuel burning in a rocket or the time that the burning ceases: the cessation may result from the consumption of the propellants, from deliberate shutoff, or from some other cause.
The British Interplanetary Society (BIS), founded in Liverpool in 1933 by Philip E. Cleator, is the oldest space advocacy organisation in the world.
Bungay is a market town and electoral ward in the English county of Suffolk.
Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.
Cape Canaveral, from the Spanish Cabo Cañaveral, is a cape in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of the state's Atlantic coast.
Cape Canaveral is a city in Brevard County, Florida.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Sir Charles Drummond Ellis (b.Hampstead, 11 August 1895; died Cookham 10 January 1980) was an English physicist and scientific administrator.
Chatham is one of the Medway towns located within the Medway unitary authority, in North Kent, in South East England.
A chessboard is the type of checkerboard used in the board game chess, consisting of 64 squares (eight rows and eight columns).
Chiswick is a district of west London, England.
Cine Rex was a cinema located at De Keyserlei 15 in Antwerp, Belgium.
Circa, usually abbreviated c., ca. or ca (also circ. or cca.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date.
Coal gas is a flammable gaseous fuel made from coal and supplied to the user via a piped distribution system.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The term Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre (CSDIC) was used for facilities in the UK, the continent (Belgium and Germany) between 1942 and 1947, the Middle East, and South Asia.
A combustion chamber is that part of an internal combustion engine (ICE) in which the fuel/air mix is burned.
A contact fuze, impact fuze, percussion fuze or direct-action (D.A.) fuze (UK) is the fuze that is placed in the nose of a bomb or shell so that it will detonate on contact with a hard surface.
Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.
Cosmosphere is a space museum and STEM education center in Hutchinson, Kansas, United States.
Cranfield University is a British postgraduate and research-based public university specialising in science, engineering, technology and management.
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.
The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) in Munich, Germany, is the world's largest museum of science and technology, with about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology.
Diest is a city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant.
Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive.
The Doppler effect (or the Doppler shift) is the change in frequency or wavelength of a wave in relation to observer who is moving relative to the wave source.
The Double-Cross System or XX System was a World War II counter-espionage and deception operation of the British Security Service, a civilian organisation usually referred to by its cover title MI5.
Dover is a town in Morris County, New Jersey, United States.
Duisburg (locally) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Dulles is an unincorporated area in Loudoun County, Virginia, which is part of the Washington metropolitan area.
Edwin Duncan Sandys, Baron Duncan-Sandys, (24 January 1908 – 26 November 1987) was a British politician and minister in successive Conservative governments in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Dutch resistance to the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands during World War II can be mainly characterized by its prominent non-violence, peaking at over 300,000 people in hiding in the autumn of 1944, tended to by some 60,000 to 200,000 illegal landlords and caretakers and tolerated knowingly by some one million people, including a few incidental individuals among German occupiers and military.
El Paso (from Spanish, "the pass") is a city in and the seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
The F. W. Woolworth Company (often referred to as Woolworth's or Woolworth) was a retail company and one of the original pioneers of the five-and-dime store.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
The Flying Heritage & Combat Armor Museum is Paul G. Allen's collection of rare military aircraft, tanks and other military treasures which comprises artifacts from Germany, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Fort Bliss is a United States Army post in the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas, with its headquarters located in El Paso, Texas.
General Sir Frederick Alfred Pile, 2nd Baronet, (14 September 1884 – 14 November 1976) was a senior British Army officer who served in both World Wars.
Freeman John Dyson (born 15 December 1923) is an English-born American theoretical physicist and mathematician.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
Gaasterlân-Sleat is a former municipality in the northern Netherlands.
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being solid, liquid, and plasma).
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin (German Museum of Technology) in Berlin, Germany is a museum of science and technology, and exhibits a large collection of historical technical artifacts.
Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
Hans Kammler (26 August 1901 – 9 May 1945) was a German civil engineer and SS commander during the Nazi era.
Harwich is a town in Essex, England and one of the Haven ports, located on the coast with the North Sea to the east.
Hasselt is a Belgian city and municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg.
Hellendoorn is a municipality and a town in the middle of the Dutch province of Overijssel.
Helmut Gröttrup (12 February 1916 – 5 July 1981) was a German engineer and rocket scientist.
Hermann Julius Oberth (25 June 1894 – 28 December 1989) was an Austro-Hungarian-born German physicist and engineer.
The Hermes project (November 15, 1944 – December 31, 1954) was started in response to Germany's rocket attacks in Europe.
The Peenemünde Historical Technical Museum (Historisch-Technisches Museum Peenemünde or HTM), former "Peenemünde Information Centre for History and Technology" (Historisch-Technisches Informationszentrum Peenemünde or HTI) is a museum, founded in 1991, in the observation bunker and site of the former power station in Peenemünde on the island of Usedom in eastern Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in Germany.
History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is a history-based digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Communications and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.
The Home Army (Armia Krajowa;, abbreviated AK) was the dominant Polish resistance movement in Poland, occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, during World War II.
During World War II, the Polish resistance Home Army (Armia Krajowa), which conducted military operations against occupying German forces, was also heavily involved in intelligence work.
Huntsville is a city located primarily in Madison County in the Appalachian region of northern Alabama.
Hutchinson is the largest city and county seat in Reno County, Kansas, United States, and located on the Arkansas River.
Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.
An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery (delivering one or more thermonuclear warheads).
Internment is the imprisonment of people, commonly in large groups, without charges or intent to file charges, and thus no trial.
Ipswich is the county town of Suffolk, England, located on the estuary of the River Orwell, about north east of London.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
James Edward Oberg (born November 7, 1944), often known as Jim Oberg, is an American space journalist and historian, regarded as an expert on the Russian and Chinese space programs.
Kapustin Yar (Капустин Яр) is a Russian rocket launch and development site in Astrakhan Oblast, between Volgograd and Astrakhan.
The Kármán line, or Karman line, lies at an altitude of above Earth's sea level and commonly represents the boundary between Earth's atmosphere and outer space.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
The Kohnstein is a hill, 2 kilometres southwest of the village of Niedersachswerfen and 3 kilometres northwest of the centre of the town of Nordhausen.
Kummersdorf is the name of an estate near Luckenwalde, around 25 km south of Berlin, in the Brandenburg region of Germany.
La Coupole (The Dome), also known as the Coupole d'Helfaut-Wizernes and originally codenamed Bauvorhaben 21 (Building Project 21) or Schotterwerk Nordwest (Northwest Gravel Works), is a Second World War bunker complex in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France, about from Saint-Omer, and some 14.4 kilometers (8.9 miles) south-southeast from the less developed Blockhaus d'Eperlecques V-2 launch installation in the same area.
Las Cruces, also known as "The City of the Crosses", is the seat of Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States.
Le Molay-Littry is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Arsenal building in Delft The former museum building by night Stone coat of arms on the Armamentarium (Oude Delft side) The Koninklijk Nederlands Legermuseum (Royal Dutch Army Museum) is the former national museum of the Dutch Army.
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants.
During World War II, Germany fielded many aircraft and rockets whose fuels, and oxidizers, were designated (letter)-Stoff.
Lochem is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Long ton, also known as the imperial ton or displacement ton,Dictionary.com - "a unit for measuring the displacement of a vessel, equal to a long ton of 2240 pounds (1016 kg) or 35 cu.
The Ludendorff Bridge (sometimes referred to as the Bridge at Remagen) was in early March 1945 one of two remaining bridges across the river Rhine in Germany when it was captured during the Battle of Remagen by United States Army forces during the closing weeks of World War II.
Maastricht (Limburgish: Mestreech; French: Maestricht; Spanish: Mastrique) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.
Magnus "Mac" Freiherr von Braun (10 May 1919 – 21 June 2003) was a German chemical engineer, Luftwaffe aviator, and rocket scientist at Peenemünde, the Mittelwerk, and after emigrating to the United States via Operation Paperclip, at Fort Bliss.
The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.
The George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is the U.S. government's civilian rocketry and spacecraft propulsion research center.
Méry-sur-Oise is a commune in the Val-d'Oise department in Île-de-France in northern France.
The Meillerwagen (Meiller Vehicle) was a German World War II trailer used to transport a V-2 rocket from the 'transloading point' of the Technical Troop Area to the 'launching point', to erect the missile on the Brennstand (firing stand), and to act as the service gantry for fuelling and launch preparation.
The Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, designed for NASA's Project Mercury, was the first American manned space booster.
Middelburg is a city and municipality in the south-western Netherlands serving as the capital of the province of Zeeland.
Missile guidance refers to a variety of methods of guiding a missile or a guided bomb to its intended target.
Mittelbau-Dora (also Dora-Mittelbau and Nordhausen-Dora) was a German Nazi concentration camp located near Nordhausen in Thuringia, Germany.
Mittelwerk (German for "Central Works") was a German World War II factory built underground in the Kohnstein to avoid Allied bombing.
Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Museum of Science and Industry (MSI) is located in Chicago, Illinois, in Jackson Park, in the Hyde Park neighborhood between Lake Michigan and The University of Chicago.
MW 18014 was a German V-2 rocket test launch that took place on 20 June 1944, at the Peenemünde Army Research Center in Peenemünde.
The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP), commonly referred to in English as the Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in Germany that was active between 1920 and 1945 and supported the ideology of Nazism.
New Cross is an area of south east London, England, south-east of Charing Cross in the London Borough of Lewisham and the SE14 postcode district.
The New Mexico Museum of Space History is a museum and planetarium complex in Alamogordo, New Mexico, dedicated to artifacts and displays related to space flight and the space age.
The Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum is a museum collection of aircraft and aviation-related artefacts, located near the former RAF Bungay airfield on the outskirts of Flixton in the United Kingdom.
Norwich (also) is a city on the River Wensum in East Anglia and lies approximately north-east of London.
Operation Backfire was a military scientific operation during and after the Second World War, which was performed mainly by British staff.
Operation Bodenplatte (Baseplate), launched on 1 January 1945, was an attempt by the Luftwaffe to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries during the Second World War.
Crossbow was the code name of the World War II campaign of Anglo-American "operations against all phases of the German long-range weapons programme.
Operation Hurricane was a 24-hour bombing operation to "demonstrate to the enemy in Germany generally the overwhelming superiority of the Allied Air Forces in this theatre" (in the directive to Harris ACO RAF Bomber Command)Bishop p. 334.
Operation Hydra was a Royal Air Force attack on the Peenemünde Army Research Center on the night of 17/18 August 1943.
Operation Most III (Polish for Bridge III) or Operation Wildhorn III (in British documents) was a World War II operation in which Poland's Armia Krajowa provided the Allies with crucial intelligence on the German V-2 rocket.
Operation Osoaviakhim was a Soviet operation which took place on 22 October 1946, with NKVD and Soviet army units forcibly (at gunpoint) recruiting more than 2,200 German specialists - a total of more than 6,000 people including family members - from the Soviet occupation zone of post-World War II Germany for employment in the Soviet Union.
Operation Paperclip was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by Special Agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun and his V-2 rocket team, were recruited in post-Nazi Germany and taken to the U.S. for government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959.
Operation Teardrop was a United States Navy operation of World War II conducted during April and May 1945 to sink German U-boats approaching the United States East Coast that were believed to be armed with V-1 flying bombs.
Operation Sandy was the codename for the post-World War II launch of a captured V-2 rocket from the deck of the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS ''Midway'' on September 6, 1947.
Orpington is a town and electoral ward in the London Borough of Bromley, Greater London, England, at the south-eastern edge of London's urban sprawl.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
In mathematics, a parabola is a plane curve which is mirror-symmetrical and is approximately U-shaped.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology is a college within Saint Louis University.
Peenemünde ("Peene Mouth") is a municipality on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The Peenemünde Army Research Centre (Heeresversuchsanstalt Peenemünde, HVP) was founded in 1937 as one of five military proving grounds under the German Army Weapons Office (Heereswaffenamt).
The PGM-11 Redstone was the first large American ballistic missile.
The Picatinny Arsenal is an American military research and manufacturing facility located on of land in Jefferson and Rockaway Township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States, encompassing Picatinny Lake and Lake Denmark.
A PIGA (Pendulous Integrating Gyroscopic Accelerometer) is a type of accelerometer that can measure acceleration and simultaneously integrates this acceleration against time to produce a speed measure as well.
The Polish Aviation Museum (Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego w Krakowie) is a large museum of old aircraft and aircraft engines in Kraków, Poland.
Porte d'Italie is one of the city gates of Paris, located in the 13th arrondissement, at the intersection of Avenue d'Italie, Boulevard Massena, Avenue de la Porte d'Italie and street Kellermann, facing the Kremlin-Bicetre.
VR-190 (Vysotnaya Raketa, literally, high-altitude rocket) was the first draft of human launch on a rocket into suborbital space flight on a ballistic trajectory at USSR between 1940s and 1950s.
A propellant or propellent is a chemical substance used in the production of energy or pressurized gas that is subsequently used to create movement of a fluid or to generate propulsion of a vehicle, projectile, or other object.
A proximity fuze is a fuze that detonates an explosive device automatically when the distance to the target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.
The R-1 rocket (NATO reporting name SS-1 Scunner, Soviet code name SA11, GRAU index 8A11) was a short-range ballistic missile manufactured in the Soviet Union based on the German V-2 rocket.
R-2 The R-2 Short-range ballistic missile (NATO reporting name SS-2 Sibling, GRAU index 8Zh38) was developed based on the R-1 design.
The R-5 Pobeda (Побе́да, "Victory") was a theatre ballistic missile developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
The R-7 (Р-7 "Семёрка") was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile.
RAAF Museum is the official museum of the Royal Australian Air Force, the second oldest air force in the world, located at RAAF Williams Point Cook, Victoria, Australia.
Radio control (often abbreviated to R/C or simply RC) is the use of radio signals to remotely control a device.
Raymond Frederic Baxter OBE (25 January 1922 – 15 September 2006) was an English television presenter and writer.
Redstone Arsenal (RSA) is a United States Army post and a census-designated place (CDP) adjacent to Huntsville in Madison County, Alabama, United States and is part of the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.
Regenerative cooling, in the context of rocket engine design, is a configuration in which some or all of the propellant is passed through tubes, channels, or in a jacket around the combustion chamber or nozzle to cool the engine.
Reginald Victor Jones, FRSE, LLD (29 September 1911 – 17 December 1997) was a British physicist and scientific military intelligence expert who played an important role in the defence of Britain in.
The Reichsmark (sign: ℛℳ) was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 in West Germany, where it was replaced with the Deutsche Mark, and until 23 June in East Germany when it was replaced by the East German mark.
Remagen is a town in Germany in the Land Rhineland-Palatinate, in the district of Ahrweiler.
A replica is an exact reproduction, such as of a painting, as it was executed by the original artist or a copy or reproduction, especially one on a scale smaller than the original.
Rijs (Riis) is a town within the municipality of De Fryske Marren in the province of Friesland, the Netherlands.
Robert Hutchings Goddard (October 5, 1882 – August 10, 1945) was an American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
The Rocket U-boat was an abandoned military project to create the first ballistic missile submarine.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Roderic Maxwell Hill, (1 March 1894 – 6 October 1954) was a senior Royal Air Force commander during the Second World War.
The Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, located in Cosford in Shropshire, is a museum dedicated to the history of aviation and the Royal Air Force in particular.
The Royal Air Force Museum London, commonly called the RAF Museum, is located on the former Hendon Aerodrome, with five major buildings and hangars dedicated to the history of aviation and the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Engineers Museum, Library and Archive is a military engineering museum and library in Gillingham, Kent.
A sapper, also called pioneer or combat engineer, is a combatant or soldier who performs a variety of military engineering duties such as breaching fortifications, demolitions, bridge-building, laying or clearing minefields, preparing field defenses as well as building, and working on road and airfield construction and repair.
Sarnaki is a village in Łosice County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
The Schutzstaffel (SS; also stylized as with Armanen runes;; literally "Protection Squadron") was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II.
The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.
Serooskerke is a village in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Shock diamonds (also known as Mach diamonds, Mach disks, Mach rings, donut tails or thrust diamonds) are a formation of standing wave patterns that appear in the supersonic exhaust plume of an aerospace propulsion system, such as a supersonic jet engine, rocket, ramjet, or scramjet, when it is operated in an atmosphere.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
The SM-65 Atlas was the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the United States and the first member of the Atlas rocket family.
Sodium permanganate is the inorganic compound with the formula NaMnO4.
A sonic boom is the sound associated with the shock waves created whenever an object traveling through the air travels faster than the speed of sound.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of evolving and growing space technology.
The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium.
Splittertarnmuster, Splittertarn or Splittermuster (splinter-pattern) is a four-colour military camouflage pattern developed by Germany in the late 1920s, first issued to the Reichswehr in 1931.
SS John Barry was a 7,200-ton American Liberty ship in World War II.
The Stafford Air & Space Museum is located in Weatherford, Oklahoma, United States.
Staveley Road is a road in Chiswick in the London Borough of Hounslow.
The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, also called the Udvar-Hazy Center, is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)'s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in the Chantilly area of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
A submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) is a ballistic missile capable of being launched from submarines.
The Technical University of Berlin (official name Technische Universität Berlin, known as TU Berlin) is a research university located in Berlin, Germany.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Tourcoing is a city in northern France.
Tournai (Latin: Tornacum, Picard: Tornai), known in Dutch as Doornik and historically as Dornick in English, is a Walloon municipality of Belgium, southwest of Brussels on the river Scheldt.
The Tuchola Forest, also known as Tuchola Pinewoods, (literal translation of Bory Tucholskie; Tëchòlsczé Bòrë; Tuchler or Tucheler Heide) is a large forest near the town of Tuchola (Tucheln) in northern Poland, which lies between the Brda and Wda Rivers.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
The U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama is a museum operated by the government of Alabama, showcasing rockets, achievements, and artifacts of the U.S. space program.
Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), compulsion, or other forms of extreme hardship to themselves or members of their families.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
As of May 27 2018 the museum is still under construction at Fort Lee, VA.
The United States European Command (EUCOM) is one of ten Unified Combatant Commands of the United States military, headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The Upper Atmosphere Research Panel, also known as the V-2 Panel, was formed in 1946 to oversee experiments conducted using V-2 rockets brought to the United States after World War II.
USS Midway (CVB/CVA/CV-41) was an aircraft carrier of the United States Navy, the lead ship of her class.
The V-1 flying bomb (Vergeltungswaffe 1 "Vengeance Weapon 1")—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug, and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power.
The V-3 (Vergeltungswaffe 3, "Retribution Weapon 3") was a German World War II supergun working on the multi-charge principle whereby secondary propellant charges are fired to add velocity to a projectile.
V-weapons, known in original German as Vergeltungswaffen (German: "retaliatory weapons", "reprisal weapons"), were a particular set of long-range artillery weapons designed for strategic bombing during World War II, particularly terror bombing and/or aerial bombing of cities.
The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation.
Walter J H "Papa" Riedel was a German engineer who was the head of the Design Office of the Army Research Centre Peenemünde and the Chief Designer of the A4 (V-2) ballistic rocket.
Dr Walter Thiel (March 3, 1910 Breslau – August 17, 1943 Karlshagen, near Peenemünde) was a German rocket scientist.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Weatherford is a city in Custer County, Oklahoma, United States.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German (and, later, American) aerospace engineer and space architect.
White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is a United States Army military testing area of almost in parts of five counties in southern New Mexico.
White Sands is a census-designated place (CDP) in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wunderwaffe is German for "Miracle Weapon" and was a term assigned during World War II by the Nazi Germany propaganda ministry to a few revolutionary "superweapons".
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
The 4th Operations Group (4 OG) is the flying component of the 4th Fighter Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Air Combat Command.
A-4 rocket, A4 (rocket), Aggregat 4, Aggregat-4, Aggregate 4, Megaroc, Ofen (rocket engine), Ofen-B, The V-2 bomb, V-2, V-2 (missile), V-2 (rocket), V-2 A4, V-2 Rocket, V-2 ballistic missile, V-2 flying bomb, V-2 guided missile, V-2 missile, V2 Rocket, V2 bomb, V2 missile, V2 rocket, V2 rockets, V2-missile, V2-rocket, Vergeltungswaffe 2.