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V-2 sounding rocket

Index V-2 sounding rocket

German V-2 rockets captured by the United States Army at the end of World War II were used as sounding rockets to carry scientific instruments into the earth's upper atmosphere at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) for a program of atmospheric and solar investigation through the late 1940s. [1]

34 relations: Air Materiel Command, Aircraft principal axes, Applied Physics Laboratory, Ballistic Research Laboratory, Deutsches Museum, Dynamite, Electromagnetic spectrum, Fort Bliss, Frequency modulation, Galvanometer, General Electric, Harvard University, Hermes (missile program), Las Cruces, New Mexico, Nazi Germany, Nose cone, Operation Paperclip, Princeton University, Pulse-position modulation, RTV-G-4 Bumper, Servomechanism, Sounding rocket, Standard gravity, Telemetry, Terminal velocity, Thrust, United States Army, United States Naval Research Laboratory, University of Michigan, Upper Atmosphere Research Panel, V-2 No. 13, V-2 rocket, White Sands Missile Range, World War II.

Air Materiel Command

Air Materiel Command (AMC) was a United States Army Air Forces and United States Air Force command.

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Aircraft principal axes

An aircraft in flight is free to rotate in three dimensions: yaw, nose left or right about an axis running up and down; pitch, nose up or down about an axis running from wing to wing; and roll, rotation about an axis running from nose to tail.

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Applied Physics Laboratory

The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, commonly known as simply the Applied Physics Laboratory, or APL, located in Howard County, Maryland, near Laurel and Columbia, is a not-for-profit, university-affiliated research center (or UARC) employing 6,000 people.

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Ballistic Research Laboratory

The Ballistic Research Laboratory (BRL) at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland was the center for the United States Army's research efforts in ballistics (interior, exterior, and terminal) as well as vulnerability/lethality analysis.

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Deutsches Museum

The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) in Munich, Germany, is the world's largest museum of science and technology, with about 28,000 exhibited objects from 50 fields of science and technology.

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Dynamite

Dynamite is an explosive made of nitroglycerin, sorbents (such as powdered shells or clay) and stabilizers.

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Electromagnetic spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.

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Fort Bliss

Fort Bliss is a United States Army post in the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas, with its headquarters located in El Paso, Texas.

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Frequency modulation

In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave.

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Galvanometer

A galvanometer is an electromechanical instrument used for detecting and indicating electric current.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Harvard University

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

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Hermes (missile program)

The Hermes project (November 15, 1944 – December 31, 1954) was started in response to Germany's rocket attacks in Europe.

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Las Cruces, New Mexico

Las Cruces, also known as "The City of the Crosses", is the seat of Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Nose cone

The term nose cone is used to refer to the forwardmost section of a rocket, guided missile or aircraft.

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Operation Paperclip

Operation Paperclip was a secret program of the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) largely carried out by Special Agents of Army CIC, in which more than 1,600 German scientists, engineers, and technicians, such as Wernher von Braun and his V-2 rocket team, were recruited in post-Nazi Germany and taken to the U.S. for government employment, primarily between 1945 and 1959.

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Princeton University

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.

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Pulse-position modulation

Pulse-position modulation (PPM) is a form of signal modulation in which M message bits are encoded by transmitting a single pulse in one of 2^M possible required time shifts.

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RTV-G-4 Bumper

The RTV-G-4 Bumper was a sounding rocket built by the United States.

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Servomechanism

In control engineering a servomechanism, sometimes shortened to servo, is an automatic device that uses error-sensing negative feedback to correct the action of a mechanism.

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Sounding rocket

A sounding rocket, sometimes called a research rocket, is an instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform scientific experiments during its sub-orbital flight.

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Standard gravity

The standard acceleration due to gravity (or standard acceleration of free fall), sometimes abbreviated as standard gravity, usually denoted by or, is the nominal gravitational acceleration of an object in a vacuum near the surface of the Earth.

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Telemetry

Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.

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Terminal velocity

Terminal velocity is the highest velocity attainable by an object as it falls through a fluid (air is the most common example).

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Thrust

Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's third law.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Naval Research Laboratory

The United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is the corporate research laboratory for the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

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Upper Atmosphere Research Panel

The Upper Atmosphere Research Panel, also known as the V-2 Panel, was formed in 1946 to oversee experiments conducted using V-2 rockets brought to the United States after World War II.

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V-2 No. 13

The White Sands rocket (official name V-2 No. 13) was a modified V-2 rocket that became the first man-made object to take a photograph of the Earth from outer space.

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V-2 rocket

The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.

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White Sands Missile Range

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is a United States Army military testing area of almost in parts of five counties in southern New Mexico.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V-2_sounding_rocket

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