333 relations: ABC Motors, Air-cooled engine, Airship, Alfa Romeo in Formula One, Allison V-1710, Aluminium, Antoinette (manufacturer), Apollo Intensa Emozione, Argus As 410, Argus As 411, Argus Motoren, Astern propulsion, Aston Martin, Aston Martin DB AR1, Aston Martin DB11, Aston Martin DB9, Aston Martin DBS V12, Aston Martin One-77, Aston Martin Rapide, Aston Martin V12 Zagato, Aston Martin Valkyrie, Aston Martin Vanquish, Aston Martin Vantage (2005), Aston Martin Vulcan, Auburn Automobile, Audi, Audi Q7, Audi R10 TDI, Audi R8, Audi R8 Le Mans Concept, Avro Lancaster, BAIC Group, Balance shaft, Battle of Britain, Bertone Genesis, Blastolene Special, BMW, BMW 7 Series, BMW 8 Series, BMW CS Concept, BMW Nazca C2, BMW VI, Bomber, Brabus, British Racing Motors, Brooklands, Bugatti EB 110, Bugatti EB 112, Cadillac, Cadillac Cien, ..., Cam, Camshaft, Car, Centurion (tank), Challenger 2, Chrysler ME Four-Twelve, Clinton, Iowa, Comet (tank), Concept car, Conqueror (tank), Continental AV1790, Continental XI-1430, Coolant, Cosworth, Crankcase, Crankpin, Crankshaft, Cromwell tank, Crossplane, Curtiss NC, Cylinder (engine), Cylinder head, Daimler Company, Daimler Double-Six, Daimler Double-Six sleeve-valve V12, Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, Daimler-Benz, Daimler-Benz DB 600, Daimler-Benz DB 605, De Havilland Mosquito, Delage, Delahaye, Detroit Diesel, Diesel engine, Diesel locomotive, Edonis, Electro-Motive Diesel, EMD 567, EMD 710, Endurance racing (motorsport), Engine balance, Engine displacement, Enzo Ferrari (automobile), Equipe Matra Sports, Exhaust manifold, Fairchild AT-21 Gunner, FAW Group, Ferrari, Ferrari 125 S, Ferrari 166 Inter, Ferrari 195 Inter, Ferrari 212 Inter, Ferrari 250, Ferrari 250 GT Lusso, Ferrari 275, Ferrari 330, Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2, 400 and 412, Ferrari 412 T2, Ferrari 456, Ferrari 550, Ferrari 575M Maranello, Ferrari 599, Ferrari 612 Scaglietti, Ferrari 812 Superfast, Ferrari America, Ferrari F12, Ferrari F50, Ferrari FF, Ferrari FXX, Ferrari FXX-K, Ferrari GTC4Lusso, Fiat 520, Fiat Automobiles, Fighter aircraft, Fire engine, Firing order, Flat engine, Flat-12 engine, Flathead engine, Flying boat, Flywheel, Ford GT90, Ford Indigo, Ford Motor Company, Formula One, Four-stroke engine, Franklin (automobile), Gasoline, GE Transportation, Gerhard Berger, GMC (automobile), Gottlieb Daimler, Group C, Hawker Hurricane, Hispano-Suiza, Honda in Formula One, Hongqi HQE, Hongqi L5, Horch, Hot rod, Hull (watercraft), Hull speed, Indianapolis, Inline-four engine, IOE engine, IS tank family, Isdera, Italdesign Giugiaro, Jaguar Cars, Jaguar XJ, Jaguar XJ13, Jaguar XJ220, Jaguar XJR-15, Jaguar XJS, Japanese Grand Prix, Jean Alesi, Junk (ship), Kharkiv model V-2, Kliment Voroshilov tank, Klimov VK-107, LaFerrari, Lagonda, Lagonda Taraf, Lamborghini, Lamborghini 350 GT, Lamborghini 400 GT, Lamborghini Aventador, Lamborghini Countach, Lamborghini Diablo, Lamborghini Espada, Lamborghini Flying Star II, Lamborghini Islero, Lamborghini Jarama, Lamborghini LM002, Lamborghini LM004, Lamborghini Miura, Lamborghini Murciélago, Lamborghini Reventón, Lancia, Lane, Laraki, Léon Levavasseur, Liberty L-12, Lincoln Continental, Lincoln H-series, Lincoln Motor Company, List of automotive superlatives, List of GE reciprocating engines, Lister Storm, Loading gauge, Lockheed Corporation, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Locomotive, Lotec Sirius, Louis Coatalen, M103 (heavy tank), Main battle tank, Marine propulsion, Marmon Motor Car Company, Maserati in motorsport, Maserati MC12, Maybach, Maybach 57 and 62, Maybach Exelero, Méga Monte Carlo, McLaren F1, Mean piston speed, Mercedes-AMG G65 AMG, Mercedes-Benz, Mercedes-Benz CL-Class, Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR, Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class, Mercedes-Benz E-Class, Mercedes-Benz M275 engine, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W221), Mercedes-Benz SL-Class, Methanol, Mikulin AM-38, Motorboat, Multi-valve, MW 50, Naturally aspirated engine, Nissan, North American P-51 Mustang, Octane rating, Olympia, London, Packard, Packard V-1650 Merlin, Pagani Huayra, Pagani Zonda, Panhard, Panther De Ville, Panther J72, Panzer III, Panzer IV, Patton tank, Perkins Engines, Peugeot, Peugeot 907, Peugeot 908 HDi FAP, Peugeot 908 RC, Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company, Piston, Poppet valve, Power (physics), Propeller, Property, Radial engine, Radiator (engine cooling), RAF 4, Ranger V-770, Renault, Rev limiter, Rocker cover, Rolls-Royce Dawn (2015), Rolls-Royce Eagle, Rolls-Royce Ghost, Rolls-Royce Griffon, Rolls-Royce Limited, Rolls-Royce Merlin, Rolls-Royce Meteor, Rolls-Royce Motors, Rolls-Royce Phantom Coupé, Rolls-Royce Phantom Drophead Coupé, Rolls-Royce Phantom VII, Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph, Rolls-Royce Sweptail, Rolls-Royce Wraith (2013), Royal Aircraft Establishment, Scuderia Ferrari, Sedan (automobile), Sleeve valve, Stationary engine, Straight-six engine, Sunbeam Afridi, Sunbeam Crusader, Sunbeam Motor Car Company, Supercharger, Supermarine Spitfire, Supermarine Spitfire (late 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ABC Motors Limited (All British (Engine) Company) of Hersham, Surrey, England was a manufacturer of cars, aircraft, motor scooters, and engines for road and air.
Air-cooled engines rely on the circulation of air directly over hot parts of the engine to cool them.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Italian motor manufacturer Alfa Romeo participated in Formula One motor racing as both a constructor and engine supplier sporadically between and, and as a commercial partner only since.
The Allison V-1710 aircraft engine designed and produced by the Allison Engine Company was the only US-developed V-12 liquid-cooled engine to see service during World War II.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Antoinette was a French manufacturer of light petrol engines.
The Apollo Intensa Emozione (lit. intense emotion) is an upcoming, mid engined sports car manufactured by Apollo Automobil GmbH, designed by their Chief Designer, Joe Wong.
The Argus As 410 was a German air-cooled inverted V-12 light aircraft engine that was first produced by Argus Motoren in 1938.
The Argus 411 was a twelve-cylinder, air-cooled, inverted-V12 aircraft engine developed by Argus Motoren in Germany during World War II.
Argus Motoren was a German manufacturing firm known for their series of small inverted-V engines and the Argus As 014 pulsejet for the V-1 flying bomb.
Astern propulsion (as applied to a ship) is a maneuver in which a ship's propelling mechanism is used to develop thrust in a retrograde direction.
Aston Martin Lagonda Limited is a British manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers. It was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford. Steered from 1947 by David Brown, it became associated with expensive grand touring cars in the 1950s and 1960s, and with the fictional character James Bond following his use of a DB5 model in the 1964 film Goldfinger. Their sports cars are regarded as a British cultural icon. Aston Martin has held a Royal Warrant as purveyor of motorcars to the Prince of Wales since 1982. It has over 150 car dealerships in over 50 countries on six continents making them a global automobile brand. Their headquarters and the main production site are in Gaydon, Warwickshire, England, alongside one of Jaguar Land Rover's development centres on the site of a former RAF V Bomber airbase. One of Aston Martin's recent cars was named after the 1950s Vulcan Bomber. Aston Martin has exploited its branding for projects including speed boats, submarines, bicycles, monster trucks, clothing and real estate development..
The Aston Martin DB AR1 is a limited-edition grand tourer that was made by Aston Martin and Zagato for the United States market in 2003.
The Aston Martin DB11 is a British grand tourer produced by British luxury car manufacturer Aston Martin since 2016.
The Aston Martin DB9 is a British grand tourer first shown by Aston Martin at the 2003 Frankfurt Auto Show.
The Aston Martin DBS is a British super grand tourer based on the DB9 manufactured by the UK automotive manufacturer Aston Martin.
The Aston Martin One-77 is a two-door, two-seater flagship sports car built by the British car manufacturer Aston Martin.
The Aston Martin Rapide is a 4-door, 4-seater, high-performance sports saloon, which British luxury marque Aston Martin introduced in early 2010.
The Aston Martin V12 Zagato is a British sports car/endurace racer made by Aston Martin in collaboration with Zagato to celebrate a fifty-year partnership since the Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato.
The Aston Martin Valkyrie (also called through its code-names as AM-RB 001 and Nebula) is an upcoming production hybrid electric sports car collaboratively built by Aston Martin, Red Bull Racing and several other manufacturers.
The Aston Martin Vanquish is a super grand tourer introduced by British car manufacturer Aston Martin in 2001 as a successor to the ageing Virage range.
The Aston Martin Vantage is a series of hand-built sports cars from the British automotive manufacturer Aston Martin.
The Aston Martin Vulcan is a two-door, two-seater, V12 engined high-performance lightweight track-only car launched in 2015 by Aston Martin at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show.
Auburn was a brand name of American automobiles produced from 1900 through 1937.
Audi AG is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles.
The Audi Q7 is a mid-size crossover SUV made by the German manufacturer Audi, unveiled in September 2002 at the Frankfurt Motor Show.
The Audi R10 TDI, usually abbreviated to R10, is a racing car from the German car manufacturer Audi.
The Audi R8 is a mid-engine, 2-seater sports car, which uses Audi's trademark quattro permanent all-wheel drive system.
The Audi R8 V12 TDI (later renamed the Audi R8 TDI Le Mans), was a diesel engined concept car that was presented to the public first at the 2008 North American International Auto Show on 13 January and then the Geneva Motor Show in March in the same year.
The Avro Lancaster is a British four-engined Second World War heavy bomber.
BAIC Group (officially Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese state-owned enterprise and holding company of several automobile and machine manufacturers located in Beijing, China.
In piston engine engineering, a balance shaft is an eccentric weighted shaft that offsets vibrations in engine designs that are not inherently balanced.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Bertone Genesis or sometimes referred to as the Lamborghini Genesis was a Bertone designed concept car using Lamborghini parts.
The Blastolene Special, also known as the "Tank Car", is a unique, specially built car, designed built by American master craftsman Randy Grubb.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW 7 Series is a full-size luxury sedan produced by the German automaker BMW since 1977.
The BMW 8 Series is a Grand Tourer built by BMW from 1989 to 1999 powered by either a V8 or V12 engine.
The BMW CS Concept is a concept car was first displayed by the German car manufacturer BMW in 2007 at the Shanghai Auto Show.
The BMW Nazca C2 (also known as Italdesign Nazca C2) was a concept sports car introduced at the 1991 Tokyo Motor Show.
The BMW VI was a water-cooled V-12 aircraft engine built in Germany in the 1920s.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
BRABUS GmbH, founded 1977 in Bottrop (Ruhr Area), Germany, is a high-performance aftermarket tuning company which specializes in Mercedes-Benz, Smart and Maybach vehicles.
British Racing Motors (BRM) was a British Formula One motor racing team.
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England, United Kingdom.
The Bugatti EB 110 is a mid-engine sports car produced by Bugatti Automobili S.p.A. from 1991 to 1995, when the company was liquidated.
The Bugatti EB 112 4-door fastback saloon is the stillborn concept car presented by Bugatti Automobile S.p.A. in 1993.
Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide.
The Cadillac Cien is a 2-door rear mid-engined, rear-wheel-drive high performance concept car created by Cadillac, designed by Simon Cox, and unveiled at the 2002 Detroit Auto Show to celebrate Cadillac's 100th anniversary ("cien" is Spanish for one hundred, which compares the Buick Centieme).
A cam is a rotating or sliding piece in a mechanical linkage used especially in transforming rotary motion into linear motion.
A camshaft is a shaft to which a cam is fastened or of which a cam forms an integral part.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
The Centurion was the primary British main battle tank of the post-Second World War period.
The FV4034 Challenger 2 (MOD designation "CR2") is a British main battle tank (MBT) in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman.
The ME Four-Twelve is an American high-performance concept car engineered, developed and produced by Chrysler in 2004.
Clinton is a city in and the county seat of Clinton County, Iowa, United States.
The Comet tank or Tank, Cruiser, Comet I (A34) was a British cruiser tank that first saw use near the end of the Second World War.
A concept car (also known for as concept vehicle, show vehicle or prototype) is a car made to showcase new styling and/or new technology.
The FV 214 Conqueror, also known as "Tank, Heavy No.
The Continental AV1790 is an American V-12 engine used in tanks.
The Continental XI-1430 Hyper engine (often identified as the IV-1430) was a liquid-cooled aircraft engine developed in the United States by a partnership between the US Army Air Corps and Continental Motors.
A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system.
Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in, specialising in high-performance internal combustion engines, powertrain, and electronics; for automobile racing (motorsport) and mainstream automotive industries.
A crankcase is the housing for the crankshaft in a reciprocating internal combustion engine.
A crankpin or crank journal is a journal in an engine or mechanical device.
A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.
The Cromwell tank, officially Tank, Cruiser, Mk VIII, Cromwell (A27M), was one of the series of cruiser tanks fielded by Britain in the Second World War.
The crossplane or cross-plane is a crankshaft design for piston engines with a 90° angle (phase in crank rotation) between the crank throws.
The Curtiss NC (Curtiss Navy Curtiss, nicknamed "Nancy boat" or "Nancy") was a flying boat built by Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company and used by the United States Navy from 1918 through the early 1920s.
A cylinder is the central working part of a reciprocating engine or pump, the space in which a piston travels.
In an internal combustion engine, the cylinder head (often informally abbreviated to just head) sits above the cylinders on top of the cylinder block.
The Daimler Company Limited, until 1910, the Daimler Motor Company Limited, was an independent British motor vehicle manufacturer founded in London by H. J. Lawson in 1896, which set up its manufacturing base in Coventry.
Daimler Double-Six may refer to either of two different series of Daimler V12 engines or to a car produced by Jaguar Cars under the Daimler nameplate.
Daimler Double-Six piston engine was a sleeve-valve V12 engine manufactured by The Daimler Company Limited of Coventry, England between 1926 and 1938 in four different sizes for their flagship cars.
Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG) (Daimler Motors Corporation) was a German engineer and later automobile manufacturer, in operation from 1890 until 1926.
Daimler-Benz AG was a German manufacturer of motor vehicles and internal combustion engines, which was founded in 1926.
The Daimler-Benz DB 600 was a German aircraft engine designed and built before World War II as part of a new generation of German engine technology.
The Daimler-Benz DB 605 is a German aircraft engine, built during World War II.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
Delage was a French luxury automobile and racecar company founded in 1905 by Louis Delage in Levallois-Perret near Paris; it was acquired by Delahaye in 1935 and ceased operation in 1953.
Delahaye automobile was an automotive manufacturing company founded by Émile Delahaye in 1894, in Tours, France, his home town.
Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) is an American diesel engine manufacturer headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, United States and a subsidiary of Daimler Trucks North America, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine.
The Edonis is a supercar created by Italian automobile manufacturer B Engineering and designed by Nicola Materazzi.
Electro-Motive Diesel (EMD) is an American manufacturer of diesel-electric locomotives, locomotive products and diesel engines for the rail industry.
The EMD 567 is a line of large medium-speed diesel engines built by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division.
The EMD 710 is a line of diesel engines built by Electro-Motive Diesel (previously General Motors' Electro-Motive Division).
Endurance racing is a form of motorsport racing which is meant to test the durability of equipment and endurance of participants.
Engine balance refers to those factors in the design, production, engine tuning, maintenance and the operation of an engine that benefit from being balanced.
Engine displacement is the swept volume of all the pistons inside the cylinders of a reciprocating engine in a single movement from top dead centre (TDC) to bottom dead centre (BDC).
The Enzo Ferrari (also unofficially referred to as the Ferrari Enzo) is a 12 cylinder mid-engine sports car named after the company's founder, Enzo Ferrari.
Matra Company's sports division under the name of Matra Sports, Equipe Matra Elf and Equipe Matra Sports (after a takeover by Simca in 1969 as Matra-Simca Division Automobile) was formed in 1965 and based at Champagne-sur-Seine (1965–1967), Romorantin-Lanthenay (1967–1969) and Vélizy-Villacoublay (1969–1979).
In automotive engineering, an exhaust manifold collects the exhaust gases from multiple cylinders into one pipe.
The Fairchild AT-21 was an American World War II specialized bomber crew trainer, intended to train crews in the use of power gun turrets or a gun on a flexible mount, as well as learn to function as a member of a crew.
FAW Group Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, Jilin, China.
Ferrari N.V. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello.
The Ferrari 125 S (commonly 125 or 125 Sport) was the first vehicle produced and built by automaker Ferrari of Modena, Italy.
The Ferrari 166 Inter was Ferrari's first true grand tourer.
The 195 Inter is a sportscar produced by Ferrari in 1950 as a grand tourer (GT) version of the Ferrari 195 S racer.
The Ferrari 212 Inter replaced Ferrari's successful 166 and 195 Inter grand tourers in 1951.
The Ferrari 250 is a sports car built by Ferrari from 1953 to 1964.
The Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso is a GT car which was manufactured by Italian automaker Ferrari from 1963 to 1964.
The Ferrari 275 is a series of two-seat front-engined V12-powered automobiles produced in GT, roadster, and spyder form by Ferrari between 1964 and 1968.
The Ferrari 330 was a series of V12 powered automobiles produced by Ferrari in 2+2 GT Coupé, two-seat Berlinetta, spyder, and race car versions between 1963 and 1968.
The Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2, Ferrari 400 and Ferrari 412 (Tipo F101) are front-engined V12 2+2 grand tourers made by Italian manufacturer Ferrari between 1972 and 1989.
The Ferrari 412 T2 was the type name for the car used by Ferrari in the 1995 Formula One season.
The Ferrari 456 and 456M (Type F116) are front-engined grand tourers which were produced by Ferrari from 1992 to 2003.
The Ferrari 550 Maranello (Type F133) is a front-engined V12 2-seat grand tourer built by Ferrari from 1996 to 2001.
The Ferrari 575M Maranello is a two-seat, two-door, grand tourer built by Ferrari.
The Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano (internal code F141) is an Italian grand tourer produced by Ferrari.
The Ferrari 612 Scaglietti is a 2+2 coupé grand tourer produced by Ferrari between 2004 and 2010.
The Ferrari 812 Superfast is a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive grand tourer produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari that made its debut at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show.
Ferrari America is a series of top-end Ferrari models built in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Ferrari F12berlinetta (also unofficially referred to as the F12 Berlinetta or the F12, and unofficially stylized as the F12B for short) is a front mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive grand tourer produced by Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari.
The Ferrari F50 is a mid-engined range-topping sports car made by Ferrari.
The Ferrari FF (FF meaning "Ferrari Four", for four seats and four-wheel drive) is a grand tourer presented by Ferrari on March 1, 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show as a successor to the 612 Scaglietti grand tourer.
The Ferrari FXX is a high-performance track only developmental prototype built by automobile manufacturer Ferrari.
The Ferrari FXX K is a high performance limited production track day car built by automobile manufacturer Ferrari in Maranello, Italy.
The Ferrari GTC4Lusso is a four-seat grand tourer produced by Italian car manufacturer Ferrari.
The Fiat 520 is the name of two different Fiat models produced during the 1920s.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fire engine (also known in some territories as a fire truck or fire appliance) is a vehicle designed primarily for firefighting operations.
This is achieved by sparking of the spark plugs in a gasoline engine in the correct order, or by the sequence of fuel injection in a Diesel engine.
A flat engine is an internal combustion engine with horizontally-opposed cylinders.
A flat-12 is a 12-cylinder internal combustion engine in a flat configuration.
A flathead engine, otherwise sidevalve engine,American Rodder, 6/94, pp.45 & 93.
A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.
A flywheel is a mechanical device specifically designed to efficiently store rotational energy.
The Ford GT90 is a high performance concept car that was developed and manufactured by American car maker Ford.
The Ford Indigo is a concept car developed by Ford for the 1996 auto show circuit and designed by Claude Lobo.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
A four-stroke (also four-cycle) engine is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning the crankshaft.
Franklin Automobile Company was a Syracuse, New York marketer of automobiles in the United States between 1906 and 1934.
Gasoline (American English), or petrol (British English), is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
GE Transportation, formerly known as GE Rail, is a division of General Electric.
Gerhard Berger (born 27 August 1959) is an Austrian former Formula One racing driver.
GMC (General Motors Truck Company), formally the GMC Division of General Motors LLC, is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM) that primarily focuses on trucks and utility vehicles.
Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler (17 March 1834 – 6 March 1900) was an engineer, industrial designer and industrialist born in Schorndorf (Kingdom of Württemberg, a federal state of the German Confederation), in what is now Germany.
Group C was a category of motorsport, introduced by the FIA in 1982 for sports car racing, along with Group A for touring cars and Group B for GTs.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
Hispano-Suiza (English: Hispanic-Swiss) was a Spanish automotive/engineering company and, after World War II, a French aviation engine and components manufacturer.
Honda has participated in Formula One, as an entrant, constructor and engine supplier, for various periods since 1964.
The Hongqi HQE (紅旗HQE) is a large four-door limousine built by FAW Hongqi.
The Hongqi L5 is a retro style luxury car inspired in design to the discontinued Hongqi CA770.
Horch was a car brand manufactured in Germany by August Horch & Cie, at the beginning of the 20th century.
Hot rods are typically old, classic American cars with large engines modified for linear speed.
The hull is the watertight body of a ship or boat.
Hull speed or displacement speed is the speed at which the wavelength of the boat's bow wave (in displacement mode) is equal to the boat length.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
The inline-four engine or straight-four engine is a type of inline internal combustion four-cylinder engine with all four cylinders mounted in a straight line, or plane along the crankcase.
The intake/inlet over exhaust, or "IOE" engine, known in the US as F-head, is a four-stroke internal combustion engine whose valvetrain comprises OHV inlet valves within the cylinder head and exhaust side-valves within the engine block.
The IS Tank was a series of heavy tanks developed as a successor to the KV-series by the Soviet Union during World War II.
Isdera GmbH or Ingenieurbüro für Styling, Design und Racing (Engineering Company for Styling, Design and Racing) is a privately run automaker based in a small workshop in Hildesheim, Germany.
Italdesign Giugiaro S.p.A is a design and engineering company and brand based in Moncalieri, Italy, that traces its roots to the 1968 foundation of Studi Italiani Realizzazione Prototipi S.p.A by Giorgetto Giugiaro and Aldo Mantovani.
Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.
The Jaguar XJ is the name of a series of full-size luxury cars sold by the British automobile brand, Jaguar Cars since 1968.
The Jaguar XJ13 was a prototype racing car developed by Jaguar Engineering Director William Heynes to compete at Le Mans in the mid 1960s.
The Jaguar XJ220 is a two-seat sports car produced by British luxury car manufacturer Jaguar from 1992 until 1994, in collaboration with the specialist automotive and race engineering company Tom Walkinshaw Racing.
The Jaguar Sport XJR-15 is a two-seater supercar produced by Jaguar Sport a subsidiary of Jaguar and Tom Walkinshaw Racing between 1990 and 1992.
The Jaguar XJ-S (later XJS), a luxury grand tourer, was produced by the British manufacturer Jaguar from 1975 to 1996.
The Japanese Grand Prix (Nihon-guranpuri) is a race in the calendar of the FIA Formula One World Championship.
Junk is a type of ancient Chinese sailing ship that is still in use today.
The Kharkiv model V-2 (В-2) was a Soviet diesel tank V-12 engine designed at the Kharkiv Locomotive Factory by Konstantin Chelpan and his team.
The Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tanks were a series of Soviet heavy tanks named after the Soviet defence commissar and politician Kliment Voroshilov and used by the Red Army during World War II.
The Klimov VK-107 was a V-12 liquid-cooled piston aircraft engine used by Soviet aircraft during World War II.
The LaFerrari (project name, F150)(also unofficially referred to as the Ferrari LaFerrari) is a limited production hybrid sports car built by Ferrari.
Lagonda is a British luxury car marque established in 1906, which has been owned by Aston Martin since 1947.
The Lagonda Taraf is a four-door full-sized luxury car built by the British car manufacturer Aston Martin.
Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury sports cars and SUVs based in Sant'Agata Bolognese and tractors Lamborghini Trattori in Pieve di Cento, Italy.
The Lamborghini 350 GT was the first production vehicle produced by Lamborghini.
Lamborghini 400 GT is the name given to two grand tourers produced by Italian manufacturer Lamborghini.
The Lamborghini Aventador is a mid-engined sports car produced by the Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini.
The Lamborghini Countach is a rear mid-engined, V12 sports car produced by Italian car manufacturer Lamborghini from 1974 to 1990.
The Lamborghini Diablo is a high-performance mid-engined sports car that was built by Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini between 1990 and 2001.
The Lamborghini Espada is a 4-seat grand touring coupé built by Italian car manufacturer Lamborghini between 1968 and 1978.
The Lamborghini Flying Star II (also named Lamborghini 400 GT Flying Star II) was a prototype concept car built by Carrozzeria Touring in 1966 on a Lamborghini front engine chassis.
The Lamborghini Islero is a sports car produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini between 1968 and 1969.
The Lamborghini Jarama is a 2+2 grand tourer built by Italian car manufacturer Lamborghini between 1970 and 1976.
The Lamborghini LM002 aka "Lamborghini truck" is an off-road sport utility vehicle, or S.U.V., that was built by "Lamborghini Automobili" the Lamborghini automobile company between 1986 and 1993.
The Lamborghini LM004 was a prototype off-road vehicle designed and built by Lamborghini.
The Lamborghini Miura is a sports car produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini between 1966 and 1973.
The Lamborghini Murciélago is a sports car produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini between 2001 and 2010.
The Lamborghini Reventón is a mid-engine sports car that debuted at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.
Lancia is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia as Lancia & C..
In the context of traffic control, a lane is part of a roadway (carriageway) that is designated for use by a single line of vehicles, to control and guide drivers and reduce traffic conflicts.
Laraki (Laraki Automobiles s.a.), a company based in Casablanca (Morocco), imports cars from Europe and Asia to Morocco, and develops luxurious high-performance sports cars.
Léon Levavasseur (8 January 1863 – 26 February 1922) was a French powerplant engineer, aircraft designer and inventor.
The Liberty L-12 was an American 27-litre (1,649 cubic inch) water-cooled 45° V-12 aircraft engine of designed for a high power-to-weight ratio and ease of mass production.
The Lincoln Continental is a series of luxury cars produced by Lincoln, a division of the American automaker Ford Motor Company.
The Lincoln H-series is a full-size luxury car that was sold by Lincoln from the 1946 through the 1948 model years.
Lincoln, formally the Lincoln Motor Company, is a luxury vehicle brand of the American manufacturer Ford Motor Company.
Automobiles superlatives include attributes such as the smallest, largest, fastest, lightest, best-selling, and so on.
List of engines produced by GE Transportation Systems and GE Jenbacher (GE Energy).
The Lister Storm was a homologated racing car built by Lister Cars of the United Kingdom with production beginning in 1993.
A loading gauge defines the maximum height and width for railway vehicles and their loads to ensure safe passage through bridges, tunnels and other structures.
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company.
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
The Lotec Sirius is a supercar built by German automotive company Lotec in 2000.
Louis Hervé Coatalen (11 September 1879 – 23 May 1962) was an automobile engineer and racing driver born in Brittany who spent much of his adult life in Britain and took British nationality.
The M103 Heavy Tank (officially designated 120mm Gun Combat Tank M103) served in the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps during the Cold War.
A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies.
Marine propulsion is the mechanism or system used to generate thrust to move a ship or boat across water.
Marmon Motor Car Company was an American automobile manufacturer founded by Howard Carpenter Marmon and owned by Nordyke Marmon & Company of Indianapolis, Indiana, US.
Throughout its history, the Italian auto manufacturer Maserati has participated in various forms of motorsports including Formula One, sportscar racing and touring car racing, both as a works team and through private entrants.
The Maserati MC12 is a limited production two-seater sports car produced by Italian car maker Maserati to allow a racing variant to compete in the FIA GT Championship.
Maybach Motorenbau is a defunct German car manufacturer that today exists as a sub-brand of Mercedes-Benz.
The Maybach 57 (chassis no. W240) and 62 (chassis no. V240) were the first automobile models of the Maybach brand since the brand's revival by DaimlerChrysler AG (now Daimler AG).
The Maybach Exelero is a one-off high-performance sports car made by German manufacturer Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH, a subsidiary of DaimlerChrysler.
The Méga Monte Carlo was a French Supercar.
The McLaren F1 is a sports car designed and manufactured by McLaren Cars.
The mean piston speed is the average speed of the piston in a reciprocating engine.
Mercedes-AMG G65 is a V12 engined (with twin turbochargers) version of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
The Mercedes-Benz CL-Class is a line of full-size luxury grand tourers which was produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz, produced from 1992 to 2014 in the US.
The Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR (W297) is a sports car and race car that was built by Mercedes-AMG, performance and motorsports arm of Mercedes-Benz.
The Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class is a series of mid-size luxury cars produced by Mercedes-Benz since 2004.
The Mercedes-Benz E-Class is a range of executive cars manufactured by German automaker Mercedes-Benz in various engine and body configurations.
The Mercedes-Benz M275 (and similar M285) engine is a twin-turbocharged and intercooled, all-aluminum, 60° V12 automobile piston engine family used in the 2000s to the 2010s.
The Mercedes-Benz S-Class, formerly known as Sonderklasse (German for "special class", abbreviated as "S-Klasse"), is a series of luxury flagship vehicles produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz, a division of German company Daimler AG.
The Mercedes-Benz W221 is a chassis code of S-Class, the successor of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W220) and the predecessor of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W222).
The Mercedes-Benz SL-Class is a grand touring car manufactured by Mercedes since 1954.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
The Mikulin AM-38 was a 1940s Soviet aircraft piston engine.
A motorboat, speedboat, or powerboat is a boat which is powered by an engine.
In automotive engineering a multi-valve or multivalve engine is one where each cylinder has more than two valves.
MW 50 (Methanol-Wasser 50) was a 50-50 mixture of methanol and water (German: Wasser) that was often sprayed into the supercharger of World War II aircraft engines primarily for its anti-detonant effect, allowing the use of increased boost pressures.
A naturally aspirated engine is an internal combustion engine in which oxygen intake depends solely on atmospheric pressure and does not rely on forced induction through a turbocharger or a supercharger.
, usually shortened to Nissan (or; Japanese), is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
An octane rating, or octane number, is a standard measure of the performance of an engine or aviation fuel.
Olympia is an exhibition centre, event space and conference centre in West Kensington, London, England.
Packard was an American luxury automobile marque built by the Packard Motor Car Company of Detroit, Michigan, United States.
The Packard V-1650 Merlin is a version of the Rolls-Royce Merlin aircraft engine, produced under license in the United States by the Packard Motor Car Company.
The Pagani Huayra is an Italian mid-engined sports car produced by Pagani.
The Pagani Zonda is a mid-engined sports car built by the Italian manufacturer Pagani.
Panhard is a French manufacturer of light tactical and military vehicles.
The Panther De Ville is a neo-classic luxury vehicle which was produced by Panther Westwinds, the British specialty maker, from 1974 to 1985.
The J.72 was the first product of the Panther Westwinds company, sold from 1972 through 1981.
The Panzerkampfwagen III, commonly known as the Panzer III, was a medium tank developed in the 1930s by Germany, and was used extensively in World War II.
The Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfw IV), commonly known as the Panzer IV, was a German medium tank developed in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War.
Patton tank may refer to any of a series of tanks used by the United States military from the 1950s to the 1990s, named for General George S. Patton.
Perkins Engines (officially Perkins Engines Company Limited), a subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc., is primarily a diesel engine manufacturer for several markets including Agricultural, Construction, Material Handling, Power Generation and Industrial.
Peugeot is a French automotive manufacturer, part of Groupe PSA.
The Peugeot 907 was a concept car built by Peugeot.
The Peugeot 908 HDi FAP is a sports prototype racing car built by the French automobile manufacturer Peugeot to compete in the 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance race, starting in 2007 and eventually winning in 2009.
The Peugeot 908 RC is a concept car produced by the French car manufacturer Peugeot and first shown to the public at the 2006 Paris Motor Show.
Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company was an American automobile manufacturer based in Buffalo, New York, which was active from 1901 to 1938.
A piston is a component of reciprocating engines, reciprocating pumps, gas compressors and pneumatic cylinders, among other similar mechanisms.
A poppet valve (also called mushroom valve) is a valve typically used to control the timing and quantity of gas or vapour flow into an engine.
In physics, power is the rate of doing work, the amount of energy transferred per unit time.
A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust.
Property, in the abstract, is what belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing.
The radial engine is a reciprocating type internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders "radiate" outward from a central crankcase like the spokes of a wheel.
Radiators are heat exchangers used for cooling internal combustion engines, mainly in automobiles but also in piston-engined aircraft, railway locomotives, motorcycles, stationary generating plant or any similar use of such an engine.
The RAF 4 was a British air-cooled, V12 engine developed for aircraft use during World War I. Based on the eight–cylinder RAF 1 it was designed by the Royal Aircraft Factory but produced by the two British companies of Daimler and Siddeley-Deasy.
The Ranger V-770 was an American air-cooled inverted V-12 aero-engine developed by the Ranger Aircraft Engine Division of the Fairchild Engine & Aircraft Corporation in the early 1930s.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
A rev limiter is a device fitted in modern vehicles that have internal combustion engines.
Rocker covers are covers that are bolted on over rocker arms in an internal combustion engine.
The Rolls-Royce Dawn is a British handmade 4 seat convertible manufactured by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars.
The Rolls-Royce Eagle was the first aircraft engine to be developed by Rolls-Royce Limited.
The Rolls-Royce Ghost is a British full-size luxury car manufactured by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars.
The Rolls-Royce Griffon is a British 37-litre (2,240 cu in) capacity, 60-degree V-12, liquid-cooled aero engine designed and built by Rolls-Royce Limited.
Rolls-Royce was a British luxury car and later an aero engine manufacturing business established in 1904 by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Henry Royce.
The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.
The Rolls-Royce Meteor and later the Rover Meteor was a British tank engine developed in the Second World War.
Rolls-Royce Motors was a British luxury car manufacturer, created in 1973 during the de-merger of the Rolls-Royce automotive business from the nationalised Rolls-Royce Limited.
The Rolls-Royce Phantom Coupé is a British handmade (except chassis) luxury car manufactured by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars that debuted at the 2008 Geneva International Auto Show in Geneva, Switzerland, on 6 March 2008.
The Rolls-Royce Phantom Drophead Coupé is a British handmade luxury car manufactured by Rolls-Royce that debuted at the 2007 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan, on 7 January 2007.
The Rolls-Royce Phantom VII was a luxury saloon car made by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars.
The Rolls-Royce Silver Seraph is a full-size luxury automobile produced by Rolls-Royce Motors from 1998 to 2002.
The Rolls-Royce Sweptail is a one-off large luxury car made in the United Kingdom by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars.
The Rolls-Royce Wraith is a British handmade 4 seat grand tourer manufactured by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars and based on the chassis of the Rolls-Royce Ghost.
The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) was a British research establishment, known by several different names during its history, that eventually came under the aegis of the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), before finally losing its identity in mergers with other institutions.
Scuderia Ferrari S.p.A. is the racing division of luxury Italian auto manufacturer, Ferrari, and the racing team that competes in Formula One racing.
A sedan (American, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand English) or saloon (British, Irish and Indian English) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B & C-pillars and principal volumes articulated in separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo.
The sleeve valve is a type of valve mechanism for piston engines, distinct from the usual poppet valve.
A stationary engine is an engine whose framework does not move.
The straight-six engine or inline-six engine (often abbreviated I6 or L6) is an internal combustion engine with the cylinders mounted in a straight line along the crankcase with all the pistons driving a common crankshaft (straight engine).
The Sunbeam Afridi was an aero-engine produced by Sunbeam during the First World War.
The Sunbeam Crusader, originally known as the Sunbeam 150 hp, Sunbeam 110 hp or Sunbeam 100 hp (variations on the engine may also have been referred to as Sunbeam 120 hp or Sunbeam 135 hp), was an early British, side-valve, water-cooled, V-8 aero engine first marketed in 1913.
Sunbeam Motor Car Company Limited was a British motor car manufacturer with its works at Moorfields in Blakenhall, a suburb of Wolverhampton in the county of Staffordshire, now West Midlands.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
The British Supermarine Spitfire was facing several challenges by mid-1942.
The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank that had a profound and lasting effect on the field of tank design.
The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993.
Tatra is a Czech vehicle manufacturer in Kopřivnice.
Tatra T813 was a truck produced in Czechoslovakia by the Tatra company.
Tatra T815 is a truck family, produced by Czech company Tatra.
Tecno is an Italian kart and former racing car constructor.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
The is a large four-door limousine produced mainly for the Japanese market, serving as Toyota's flagship car within Japan; globally the unrelated Lexus LS series is Toyota's flagship luxury model outside Japan.
The Tramontana Car is a mid-engined Spanish sports car with styling inspired by combining Formula One racing cars and jet-fighters.
British aviators John Alcock and Arthur Brown made the first non-stop transatlantic flight in June 1919.
A trembler coil or vibrator coil is a type of high-voltage ignition coil used in the ignition system of early automobiles, most notably the Benz Patent-Motorwagen and the Ford Model T. Its distinguishing feature is a vibrating magnetically-activated contact called a trembler or interrupter, which breaks the primary current, generating multiple sparks during each cylinder's power stroke.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
A tuned exhaust system is an exhaust system for an internal combustion engine which improves its efficiency by using precise geometry to reflect the pressure waves from the exhaust valve or port back to the valve or port at a particular time in the cycle.
A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
TVR is an independent British manufacturer of high-end sports cars.
The TVR Cerbera Speed 12, originally known as the Project 7/12, was a high performance concept car designed by TVR in 1997.
The TVR Speed Twelve engine is the name of a V12 engine manufactured by TVR for use in the TVR Speed 12 race car, and later the TVR Cerbera Speed Twelve road car.
A V engine, or Vee engine is a common configuration for an internal combustion engine.
A V16 engine is a V engine with 16 cylinders.
A V24 engine is a V engine with 24 cylinders, suitable only for very large trucks or locomotives.
A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder V configuration engine with the cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two sets (or banks) of four, with all eight pistons driving a common crankshaft.
In a piston engine, the valve timing is the precise timing of the opening and closing of the valves.
The Vector M12 was a sports car manufactured by Vector Aeromotive under parent company Megatech, and was the first car produced after the hostile takeover of the company from Jerry Wiegert by the Indonesian company Megatech.
The Vickers Vimy was a British heavy bomber aircraft developed and manufactured by Vickers Limited.
Voisin was a French aircraft manufacturing company, one of the first in the world.
A W12 engine is a twelve cylinder piston internal combustion engine in a W configuration.
Walter Aircraft Engines is an aircraft engine manufacturer and former automotive manufacturer.
In internal combustion engines, water injection, also known as anti-detonant injection (ADI), can spray water into the incoming air or fuel-air mixture, or directly into the cylinder to cool certain parts of the induction system where "hot points" could produce premature ignition.
Wärtsilä is a Finnish corporation which manufactures and services power sources and other equipment in the marine and energy markets.
Weslake Research and Development was founded by Harry Weslake, with premises in Rye, East Sussex, England.
(9 February 1846 – 29 December 1929) was an early German engine designer and industrialist.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yamaha OX99-11 V12 was a sports car designed by Yamaha's subsidiary Ypsilon Technology and IAD, an English engineering consultancy, which was supposed to enter production in 1994.
The Zagato Raptor, sometimes referred to as the Lamborghini Raptor, is a concept car design created in 1996 by Zagato in partnership with Alain Wicki for Lamborghini.
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
The 1995 FIA Formula One World Championship was the 49th season of FIA Formula One motor racing.
The 2006 Paris Motor Show (Mondial de l'Automobile) took place from 30 September to 15 October 2006, in Paris expo Porte de Versailles, Paris, France.
The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is the world's oldest active sports car race in endurance racing, held annually since near the town of Le Mans, France.