142 relations: A History of Violence, ADAT, Akihabara, Alpha Microsystems, Amazon (company), Ampex, Analog recording, ArVid, Audio mastering, Audio mixing (recorded music), Automatic gain control, Azimuth recording, Backup, Bandwidth (signal processing), Baseband, Betacam, Betamax, Broadcast television systems, Camcorder, Chrominance, Closed captioning, Colour banding, Commonwealth of Independent States, Compact Cassette, Compact disc, Compression artifact, Consumer confusion, Consumerization, Control track, Corvus Systems, Crosstalk, D-VHS, Data-rate units, Digital Audio Tape, Digital television transition, Digital video recorder, Digital-S, Discrete cosine transform, Dolby noise-reduction system, DVD, DVD-Video, Dynamic range, Education, Feature film, Film, Fluoroscopy, Frequency modulation, Friday Night Videos, Funai, General Electric, ..., Gigabyte, Hard disk drive, Helical scan, Helix, Hertz, Hitachi, Home movies, Home recording, Home theater PC, Home video, Incandescent light bulb, Inch per second, JVC, JVC HR-3300, Kenjiro Takayanagi, LaserDisc, Light-emitting diode, Linear video editing, List of screw drives, Live Aid, Luma (video), M, Macroblock, Magnetic storage, Magnetic tape, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Mitsubishi, Monochrome, Motion Picture Association of America, MPEG-2, MTV, Multi-standard television, Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding, Multiplexing, Multitrack recording, NICAM, NTSC, On the fly, Open standard, Optical disc, Original equipment manufacturer, Overscan, PAL, PAL-M, Panasonic, PCM adaptor, Personal computer, Photodiode, Portable media player, Professional audio, Prosumer, Quadruplex videotape, Quasar (brand), Raster scan, Ringing artifacts, S-VHS, Sanyo, SECAM, Sel-Sync, Set-top box, Sharp Corporation, Signal-to-noise ratio, Sony, Sound recording and reproduction, South Africa, Subtitle (captioning), Tape head, Tape transport, Technical standard, Teletext, Television, Television show, Television studio, The Cotton Club (film), The House of the Devil, TiVo, TiVo Corporation, U-matic, V/H/S/2, Vertical blanking interval, VHS tape rewinder, VHS-C, Video, Video CD, Video editing, Video tape recorder, Video tape tracking, Videocassette recorder, Videotape, Videotape format war, VX (videocassette format), W-VHS. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
A History of Violence is a 2005 American crime thriller film directed by David Cronenberg and written by Josh Olson.
Alesis Digital Audio Tape or ADAT is a magnetic tape format used for the recording of eight digital audio tracks onto a Super VHS tape that is used by consumer VCRs.
is a common name for the area around Akihabara Station in the Chiyoda ward of Tokyo, Japan.
Alpha Microsystems is a computer company founded in 1977 by John French, Dick Wilcox and Bob Hitchcock.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
Ampex is an American electronics company founded in 1944 by Alexander M. Poniatoff.
Analog recording (Greek, ana is "according to" and logos "relationship") is a technique used for the recording of analog signals which, among many possibilities, allows analog audio and analog video for later playback.
ArVid (Archiver on Video) (АрВид, Архиватор на Видео) is a data backup solution using a VHS tape as a storage medium.
Mastering, a form of audio post production, is the process of preparing and transferring recorded audio from a source containing the final mix to a data storage device (the master); the source from which all copies will be produced (via methods such as pressing, duplication or replication).
In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product.
Automatic gain control (AGC), also called automatic volume control (AVC), is a closed-loop feedback regulating circuit in an amplifier or chain of amplifiers, the purpose of which is to maintain a suitable signal amplitude at its output, despite variation of the signal amplitude at the input.
Azimuth recording is the use of a variation in angle between two recording heads that are recording data so close together on magnetic tape that crosstalk would otherwise likely occur.
In information technology, a backup, or the process of backing up, refers to the copying into an archive file of computer data so it may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.
Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.
Baseband is a signal that has a very narrow and near-zero frequency range, i.e. a spectral magnitude that is nonzero only for frequencies in the vicinity of the origin (termed f.
Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videocassette products developed by Sony in 1982.
Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.
Broadcast television systems are encoding or formatting standards for the transmission and reception of terrestrial television signals.
A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.
Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the accompanying luma signal (or Y for short).
Closed captioning (CC) and subtitling are both processes of displaying text on a television, video screen, or other visual display to provide additional or interpretive information.
Colour banding, or Color banding (American English) is a problem of inaccurate colour presentation in computer graphics.
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS; r), also nicknamed the Russian Commonwealth (in order to distinguish it from the Commonwealth of Nations), is a political and economic intergovernmental organization of nine member states and one associate member, all of which are former Soviet Republics located in Eurasia (primarily in Central to North Asia), formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
A compression artifact (or artefact) is a noticeable distortion of media (including images, audio, and video) caused by the application of lossy compression.
Consumer confusion is a state of mind that leads to consumers making imperfect purchasing decisions or lacking confidence in the correctness of their purchasing decisions.
Consumerization is the reorientation of product and service designs to focus on (and market to) the end user as an individual consumer, in contrast with an earlier era of only organization-oriented offerings (designed solely for business-to-business or business-to-government sales).
A control track is a track that runs along an outside edge of a standard analog videotape (including VHS).
Corvus Systems was a technology company founded by Michael D'Addio and Mark Hahn in 1979 and located in San Jose, Silicon Valley, in the United States.
In electronics, crosstalk is any phenomenon by which a signal transmitted on one circuit or channel of a transmission system creates an undesired effect in another circuit or channel.
D-VHS is a digital video recording format developed by JVC, in collaboration with Hitachi, Matsushita, and Philips.
In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.
Digital Audio Tape (DAT or R-DAT) is a signal recording and playback medium developed by Sony and introduced in 1987.
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover, the analog switch-off (ASO), or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting is converted to and replaced by digital television.
A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.
D-9 or Digital-S as it was originally known, is a professional digital video videocassette format created by JVC in 1995.
A discrete cosine transform (DCT) expresses a finite sequence of data points in terms of a sum of cosine functions oscillating at different frequencies.
A Dolby noise-reduction system, or Dolby NR, is one of a series of noise reduction systems developed by Dolby Laboratories for use in analog magnetic tape recording.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs, and is the dominant consumer video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia.
Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique that uses X-rays to obtain real-time moving images of the interior of an object.
In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave.
Friday Night Videos (later becoming Friday Night and then Late Friday) is an American music video show that was broadcast on NBC from July 29, 1983 to May 24, 2002.
is a Japanese consumer electronics company headquartered in Daitō, Osaka, Japan.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Helical scan is a method of recording high-frequency signals on magnetic tape.
A helix, plural helixes or helices, is a type of smooth space curve, i.e. a curve in three-dimensional space.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
() is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
A home movie is a short amateur film or video typically made just to preserve a visual record of family activities, a vacation, or a special event, and intended for viewing at home by family and friends.
Home recording is the practice of sound recording in a private home, rather than in a professional recording studio.
A home theater PC (HTPC) or media center computer is a convergence device that combines some or all the capabilities of a personal computer with a software application that supports video, photo, audio playback, and sometimes video recording functionality.
Home video is pre-recorded video media that is either sold, rented or streamed for home entertainment.
An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light with a wire filament heated to such a high temperature that it glows with visible light (incandescence).
The inch per second is a unit of speed or velocity.
,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.
The JVC HR-3300 VIDSTAR is the world's first VHS-based VCR to be released to the market, introduced by the president of JVC at the Okura Hotel on September 9, 1976.
was a Japanese engineer and a pioneer in the development of television.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
Linear video editing is a video editing post-production process of selecting, arranging and modifying images and sound in a predetermined, ordered sequence.
A screw drive is a system used to turn a screw.
Live Aid was a dual-venue benefit concert held on 13 July 1985, and an ongoing music-based fundraising initiative.
In video, luma represents the brightness in an image (the "black-and-white" or achromatic portion of the image).
M (named em) is the thirteenth letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
Macroblock is a processing unit in image and video compression formats based on linear block transforms, such as the discrete cosine transform (DCT).
Magnetic storage or magnetic recording is the storage of data on a magnetized medium.
Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.
The Ministry of International Trade and Industry (通商産業省 Tsūshō-sangyō-shō or MITI) was one of the most powerful agencies of the Government of Japan.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is an American trade association representing the six major film studios of Hollywood.
MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Multi-standard television sets were made for use in the television industry, so that one TV set or monitor could show video content from other television systems.
MUSE (Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding), was a dot-interlaced digital video compression system that used analog modulation for transmission to deliver 1125-line high definition video signals to the home.
In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium.
Multitrack recording (MTR)—also known as multitracking, double tracking, or tracking—is a method of sound recording developed in 1955 that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources or of sound sources recorded at different times to create a cohesive whole.
Near Instantaneous Companded Audio Multiplex (NICAM) is an early form of lossy compression for digital audio.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
On the fly is a phrase used to describe something that is being changed while the process that the change affects is ongoing.
An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process).
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
Overscan is a behaviour in certain television sets, in which part of the input picture is shown outside of the visible bounds of the screen.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
PAL-M is the analog TV system used in Brazil since February 19, 1972.
, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.
A PCM adaptor is a device used for recording digital audio in the PCM format, which in turn connects to a video cassette recorder (acting as a transport) for storage and playback of the digital audio information.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.
A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files.
Professional audio, abbreviated as pro audio, refers to both an activity and a category of high quality, studio-grade audio equipment.
A prosumer is a person who consumes and produces a product.
2-inch quadruplex video tape (also called 2″ quad, or just quad, for short) was the first practical and commercially successful analog recording video tape format.
Quasar is an American brand of electronics, first used by Motorola in 1967 for a model line of transistorized color televisions.
A raster scan, or raster scanning, is the rectangular pattern of image capture and reconstruction in television.
In signal processing, particularly digital image processing, ringing artifacts are artifacts that appear as spurious signals near sharp transitions in a signal.
, the common initialism for Super VHS, is an improved version of the VHS standard for consumer-level video recording.
is a Japanese major electronics company and formerly a member of the Fortune Global 500 whose headquarters was located in Moriguchi, Osaka prefecture, Japan.
SECAM, also written SÉCAM (Séquentiel couleur à mémoire, French for "Sequential colour with memory"), is an analogue color television system first used in France.
Sel-Sync or Selective Synchronous recording is the process of selectively using audio tape record heads as play back heads so that new signals can be recorded on other tracks in perfect sync with the existing tracks.
A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) (one type also colloquially known as a cable box) is an information appliance device that generally contains a TV-tuner input and displays output to a television set and an external source of signal, turning the source signal into content in a form that then be displayed on the television screen or other display device.
is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products, headquartered in Sakai-ku, Sakai.
Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Subtitles are text derived from either a transcript or screenplay of the dialog or commentary in films, television programs, video games, and the like, usually displayed at the bottom of the screen, but can also be at the top of the screen if there is already text at the bottom of the screen.
A tape head is a type of transducer used in tape recorders to convert electrical signals to magnetic fluctuations and vice versa.
A tape transport is the collection of parts of a magnetic tape player or recorder that the actual tape passes through.
A technical standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.
Teletext (or broadcast teletext) is a television information retrieval service created in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s by the Philips Lead Designer for VDUs, John Adams.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
A television studio, also called a television production studio, is an installation room in which video productions take place, either for the recording of live television to video tape, or for the acquisition of raw footage for post-production.
The Cotton Club is a 1984 American crime-drama film centered on a Harlem jazz club of the 1930s, the Cotton Club.
The House of the Devil is a 2009 American horror film written, directed, and edited by Ti West, starring Jocelin Donahue, Tom Noonan, and Mary Woronov.
TiVo is a digital video recorder (DVR) developed and marketed by TiVo Corporation and introduced in 1999.
TiVo Corporation (formerly Rovi Corporation and Macrovision Solutions Corporation) is an American technology company.
U-matic is an analogue recording videocassette format first shown by Sony in prototype in October 1969, and introduced to the market in September 1971.
V/H/S/2 (originally titled S-VHS) is a 2013 American anthology horror film from Bloody Disgusting and Producer Brad Miska.
In a raster graphics display, the vertical blanking interval (VBI), also known as the vertical interval or VBLANK, is the time between the end of the final line of a frame or field and the beginning of the first line of the next frame.
A VHS tape rewinder is an electronic device used to rewind VHS tapes.
VHS-C is the compact VHS videocassette format, introduced by Victor Company of Japan (JVC) in 1982, and used primarily for consumer-grade compact analog recording camcorders.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc digital video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard optical discs.
Video editing is the manipulation and arrangement of video shots.
A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
In a video tape recorder, tracking is a calibration adjustment which ensures that the spinning playback head is properly aligned with the helical scan signal written onto the tape.
A videocassette recorder, VCR, or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
The videotape format war was a period of intense competition or "format war" of incompatible models of consumer-level analog video videocassette and video cassette recorders (VCR) in the late 1970s and the 1980s, mainly involving the Betamax and Video Home System (VHS) formats.
VX was a short-lived and unsuccessful consumer analog recording videocassette format developed by Matsushita and launched in 1975 in Japan.
W-VHS is a HDTV analog recording videocassette format created by JVC.
Extra Long Play (VCR format), Long Play (VCR format), Long play (VCR format), Short Play (VCR format), Super long play, VHS tape, VHS tapes, VHS video, Vee aitch ess, Vertical helical scan, Vhs, Vhs tape, Video Home System, Video Single.