86 relations: Abteilung, Alexander August Wilhelm von Pape, Alexander von Kluck, Armee-Abteilung C, Austro-Prussian War, Śrem, Żagań, Battle of Königgrätz, Battle of Sedan, Battle of the Frontiers, Battle of Wörth, Battle of Wissembourg (1870), Corps, Division (military), Franco-Prussian War, Friedrich August Peter von Colomb, Görlitz, Günther von Kirchbach, Głogów, General of the Cavalry (Germany), General of the Infantry (Germany), Generalleutnant, German Army (German Empire), German Army order of battle, Western Front (1918), German Empire, Grand Duchy of Posen, Grudziądz, Guards Cavalry Division (German Empire), Guards Corps (German Empire), Hermann von Strantz, Hugo von Kirchbach, I Corps (German Empire), II Corps (German Empire), IX Corps (German Empire), Jawor, Jäger (infantry), Jelenia Góra, Karl Friedrich von Steinmetz, Karl von Grolman, Königsberg, Krotoszyn, Legnica, Leszno, List of Imperial German artillery regiments, List of Imperial German cavalry regiments, List of Imperial German infantry regiments, Lubań, Lubin, Milicz, Ostrów Wielkopolski, ..., Pioneer (military), Pleszew, Posen (region), Poznań, Poznań Fortress, Province of Posen, Province of Silesia, Prussia, Rawicz, Regierungsbezirk, Robert Kosch, Schlieffen Plan, Siege of Paris (1870–71), Strzegom, Sulechów, Szprotawa, Train (military), V Reserve Corps (German Empire), VI Corps (German Empire), VII Corps (German Empire), Western Front (World War I), World War I, World War II, Września, Wschowa, XIII (Royal Württemberg) Corps, XIV Corps (German Empire), XVI Corps (German Empire), XVIII Corps (German Empire), XXI Corps (German Empire), 10th Division (German Empire), 10th Reserve Division (German Empire), 1st King's Mounted Rifles, 5th Army (German Empire), 5th Cavalry Division (German Empire), 9th Division (German Empire). Expand index (36 more) » « Shrink index
Abteilung (abbrv. Abt.) is a German word that is often used for German or Swiss military formations and depending on its usage could mean detachment, department or battalion; it can also refer to a military division.
Alexander August Wilhelm von Pape (February 2, 1813 – May 7, 1895) was a Royal Prussian infantry Colonel-General with the special rank of Generalfeldmarschall.
Alexander Heinrich Rudolph von Kluck (20 May 1846 – 19 October 1934) was a German general during World War I.
Armee-Abteilung Strantz / Armee-Abteilung C (Army Detachment C) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It served on the Western Front throughout its existence.
The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known as the Unification War, the War of 1866, or the Fraternal War, in Germany as the German War, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Śrem (Schrimm) is a town on the Warta river in central Poland.
Żagań (French and Sagan, Zahań, Zaháň, Saganum) is a town on the Bóbr river in western Poland, with 26,253 inhabitants (2010).
The Battle of Königgrätz (Schlacht bei Königgrätz), also known as the Battle of Sadowa, Sadová, or Hradec Králové, was the decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian War, in which the Kingdom of Prussia defeated the Austrian Empire.
The Battle of Sedan was fought during the Franco-Prussian War from 1 to 2 September 1870.
The Battle of the Frontiers was a series of battles fought along the eastern frontier of France and in southern Belgium, shortly after the outbreak of the First World War.
The Battle of Wörth, also known as the Battle of Reichshoffen or as the Battle of Frœschwiller, refers to the second battle of Wörth, which took place on 6 August 1870 in the opening stages of the Franco-Prussian War (the first Battle of Wörth occurred on 23 December 1793 during the French Revolutionary Wars).
The Battle of Wissembourg or Battle of Weissenburg, the first of the Franco-Prussian War, was joined when three German army corps surprised the small French garrison at Wissembourg on 4 August 1870.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Friedrich August Peter von Colomb (19 June 1775 – 12 November 1854) was a Prussian general.
Görlitz (Upper Lusatian dialect: Gerlz, Gerltz, and Gerltsch, Zgorzelec, Zhorjelc, Zgórjelc, Zhořelec) is a town in the German federal state of Saxony.
Günther Emanuel Graf von Kirchbach (9 August 1850 – 6 November 1925) was a German Generaloberst who served during the First World War.
Głogów (Glogau, rarely Groß-Glogau, Hlohov) is a town in southwestern Poland.
General of the Cavalry (General der Kavallerie) was a General of the branch OF8-rank in the Imperial Army, the interwar Reichswehr, and the Wehrmacht.
General of the Infantry (General der Infanterie; short: General d. Inf.) is a former rank of German Ground forces (de: Heer).
Generalleutnant, short GenLt, (lieutenant general) is the second highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer) and the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
This is the German Army order of battle on the Western Front at the close of the war.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The Grand Duchy of Posen (Großherzogtum Posen; Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie) was part of the Kingdom of Prussia, created from territories annexed by Prussia after the Partitions of Poland, and formally established following the Napoleonic Wars in 1815.
Grudziądz (Graudenz, Graudentum or Graudentium or Grudentia); the form Grudentia is used by, e.g., A. Lentz, Philologus 23 (1866), p. 175.
The Guards Cavalry Division (Garde-Kavallerie-Division) was a unit of the German army that was stationed in Berlin.
The Guards Corps / GK (Gardekorps) was a corps level command of the Prussian and then the Imperial German Armies from the 19th Century to World War I. The Corps was headquartered in Berlin, with its units garrisoned in the city and nearby towns (Potsdam, Jüterbog, Döberitz).
Hermann Christian Wilhelm von Strantz (13 February 1853 in Nakel an der Netze – 3 November 1936 in Dessau) was a Prussian officer, and later General of Infantry during World War I. He was a recipient of Pour le Mérite.
Hugo Ewald Graf von Kirchbach (23 May 1809 – 26 October 1887) was a Prussian general who commanded the Prussian V Corps during the Franco-Prussian War.
The I Army Corps / I AK (I.) was a corps level command of the Prussian and then the Imperial German Armies from the 19th Century to World War I. It was established with headquarters in Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia).
The II Army Corps / II AK (II.) was a corps level command of the Prussian and then the Imperial German Armies from the 19th Century to World War I. It was established on 3 April 1820 with headquarters initially in Berlin.
The IX Army Corps / IX AK (IX.) was a corps level command of the Prussian and German Armies before and during World War I. IX Corps was one of three formed in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War (the others being X Corps and XI Corps).
Jawor (Jauer) is a town in south-western Poland with 24,347 inhabitants (2006).
Jäger (singular Jäger, plural Jäger) is a German military term that originally referred to light infantry, but has come to have wider usage.
Jelenia Góra (Hirschberg im Riesengebirge; Exonym: Deer Mountain) is a city in Lower Silesia, south-western Poland.
Karl Friedrich von Steinmetz (27 December 1796 – 2 August 1877) was a German Generalfeldmarschall.
Karl Wilhelm Georg von Grolman(n) (30 July 1777 – 1 June 1843) was a Prussian general who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
Königsberg is the name for a former German city that is now Kaliningrad, Russia.
Krotoszyn (Krotoschin, קארטשין Kortshin) is a town in central Poland with 30,010 inhabitants.
Legnica (archaic Polish: Lignica, Liegnitz, Lehnice, Lignitium) is a city in southwestern Poland, in the central part of Lower Silesia, on the Kaczawa River (left tributary of the Oder) and the Czarna Woda.
Leszno (Lissa, between 1800 and 1918 also called Polnisch Lissa or Lissa in Posen) is a town in western Poland with 64,612 inhabitants (2014).
This is a list of Imperial German artillery regiments before and during World War I. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 100 regiments of Field artillery (plus the Lehr instruction unit) and 24 regiments of Foot artillery (plus another Lehr instruction unit) who manned the heavier pieces.
This is a List of Imperial German cavalry regiments before and during World War I. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 110 regiments of cavalry.
This is a List of Imperial German infantry regiments before and during World War I. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 217 regiments of infantry (plus the instruction unit, ''Lehr'' Infantry Battalion).
Lubań (Lauban) is a town in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in southwest Poland.
Lubin, (Lüben) is a town in Lower Silesian Voivodeship in south-western Poland.
Milicz (Militsch) is a town in Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Ostrów Wielkopolski (often abbreviated Ostrów Wlkp., formerly called only Ostrów, Ostrowo, Latin: Ostrovia) is a city in central Poland with 72,360 inhabitants (2008), situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship; the seat of Ostrów Wielkopolski County.
A pioneer is a soldier employed to perform engineering and construction tasks.
Pleszew (Pleschen) is a town in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship, about 90 km southeast of Poznań.
Posen was the southern of two Prussian administrative regions, or Regierungsbezirke (rejencja), of the Grand Duchy of Posen (1815–49) and its successor, the Province of Posen (1849–1918).
Poznań (Posen; known also by other historical names) is a city on the Warta River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland region.
Poznań Fortress, known in German as Festung Posen (Polish: Twierdza Poznań) was a set of fortifications in the city of Poznań (German: Posen) in western Poland, built under Prussian rule in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Province of Posen (Provinz Posen, Prowincja Poznańska) was a province of Prussia from 1848 and as such part of the German Empire from 1871 until 1918.
The Province of Silesia (Provinz Schlesien; Prowincja Śląska; Silesian: Prowincyjŏ Ślōnskŏ) was a province of the German Kingdom of Prussia, existing from 1815 to 1919, when it was divided into the Upper and Lower Silesia provinces, and briefly again from 1938 to 1941.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Rawicz (Rawitsch) is a town in central Poland with 21,398 inhabitants (2004).
A German Regierungsbezirk (often abbreviated to Reg.-Bez.; administrative district) is an administrative district of one of the nation's federal states.
Robert Kosch (5 April 1856 in Glatz (Kłodzko), Prussian Silesia – 22 December 1942) was a Prussian General of the Infantry during World War I.
The Schlieffen Plan (Schlieffen-Plan) was the name given after World War I to the thinking behind the German invasion of France and Belgium on 4 August 1914.
The Siege of Paris, lasting from 19 September 1870 to 28 January 1871, and the consequent capture of the city by Prussian forces, led to French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the establishment of the German Empire as well as the Paris Commune.
Strzegom (Striegau) is a town in Świdnica County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.
Sulechów (Züllichau) is a town located within the Zielona Góra County, in Lubusz Voivodeship, western Poland.
Szprotawa (Sprottau) is a town in Poland, in Lubusz Voivodeship, in Żagań County.
In military contexts, a train is the logistical transport elements accompanying a military force.
The V Reserve Corps (V.) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.
The VI Army Corps / VI AK (VI.) was a corps level command of the Prussian and then the Imperial German Armies from the 19th Century to World War I. Originating in 1815 as the General Command for the Province of Silesia with headquarters in Breslau (now Wrocław in Poland).
The VII Army Corps / VII AK (VII.) was a corps level command of the Prussian and then the Imperial German Armies from the 19th Century to World War I. Originating in 1815 as the General Command for the Province of Westphalia, the headquarters was in Münster and its catchment area was the Province of Westphalia and the Principalities of Lippe and Schaumburg-Lippe.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Września (Wreschen) is a town in west-central Poland with 28,600 inhabitants (1995).
Wschowa (Fraustadt) is a town in the Lubusz Voivodeship in Poland with 14,607 inhabitants (2004).
The XIII (Royal Württemberg) Army Corps / XIII AK (XIII.) was a corps of the Imperial German Army.
The XIV Army Corps / XIV AK (XIV.) was a corps level command of the German Army before and during World War I. It was, effectively, also the army of the Grand Duchy of Baden, which, in 1871, had been integrated into the Prussian Army command structure, as had the armies of most German states.
The XVI Army Corps / XVI AK (XVI.) was a corps level command of the German Army before and during World War I. It was assigned to the VII Army Inspectorate, which became the 5th Army at the start of the First World War.
The XVIII Army Corps / XVIII AK (XVIII.) was a corps level command of the German Army before and during World War I. As the German Army expanded in the latter part of the 19th century, the XVIII Army Corps was set up on 1 April 1899 in Frankfurt am Main as the Generalkommando (headquarters) for the district of Wiesbaden and the Grand Duchy of Hesse.
The XXI Army Corps / XXI AK (XXI.) was a corps level command of the German Army, before and during World War I. As the German Army expanded in the latter part of the 19th century and early part of the 20th century, the XXI Army Corps was set up on 1 October 1912 in Saarbrücken as the Generalkommando (headquarters) for the districts of Koblenz, Trier and part of Alsace-Lorraine.
The 10th Division (10. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.
The 10th Reserve Division (10. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914 as part of V Reserve Corps.
The 1st King's Mounted Rifles were a light cavalry regiment of the Royal Prussian Army from 1901 to 1918.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 5th Army (5.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 seemingly from the VII Army Inspection.
The 5th Cavalry Division (5. Kavallerie-Division) was a unit of the German Army in World War I. The division was formed on the mobilization of the German Army in August 1914.
The 9th Division (9. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.