111 relations: Australian Taxation Office, Azores, Åland Islands, Büsingen am Hochrhein, Benelux, Bill Pascrell, Bokmål, British Overseas Territories, Brookings Institution, Campione d'Italia, Canary Islands, Child safety seat, Congressional Research Service, Consumption tax, Corporate tax, Corporatism, Crown dependencies, Current account, Customs union, Deadweight loss, Demand curve, Destination-based cash flow tax, Duty-free shop, Economic model, Economic surplus, Eilat, Equalization payments, European Union, European Union value added tax, Excise, Excise tax in the United States, Feminine hygiene, Flat tax, French Ministry for the Economy and Finance, Georg Wilhelm von Siemens, Gibraltar, Goods and services tax (Australia), Goods and services tax (Canada), Goods and Services Tax (India), Goods and Services Tax (Malaysia), Goods and Services Tax (New Zealand), Goods and Services Tax (Singapore), Gross margin, Gross receipts tax, Guernsey, Harmonized sales tax, Heligoland, Helsingin Sanomat, Income tax, Indirect tax, ..., International Monetary Fund, La Vanguardia, Land value tax, Liechtenstein, List of countries by tax rates, List of sovereign states, Livigno, Macau, Madeira, Manufacturing, Maurice Lauré, Medical device, Medical equipment, Member state of the European Union, Michigan, Missing trader fraud, Mobility aid, Nynorsk, OECD, Official Journal of the Federation, One Hundred and First Amendment of the Constitution of India, Paul Bernd Spahn, Pinyin, Prescription drug, Presidency of Donald Trump, President of the Philippines, Progressive tax, Proportional tax, Public finance, Public transport, Puerto Rico, Raw material, RÚV, Regressive tax, Republican Party (United States), Richard Nixon, Sales tax, Sales taxes in the United States, Single tax, Special administrative regions of China, Supply (economics), Supply and demand, Supreme Court of the United States, Svalbard, Svalbard Treaty, Tax, Tax avoidance, Television licence, Toll road, Transport, Turnover tax, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States Chamber of Commerce, Use tax, Value-added tax, Value-added tax in the United Kingdom, Widget (economics), World Trade Organization, X tax, Zero-rated supply. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) is an Australian government statutory agency and the principal revenue collection body for the Australian government.
The Azores (or; Açores), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal.
The Åland Islands or Åland (Åland,; Ahvenanmaa) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland.
Büsingen am Hochrhein ("Buesingen on the High Rhine"), commonly known as Büsingen, is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen and, south across the High Rhine, by the Swiss cantons of Zürich and Thurgau.
The Benelux Union (Benelux Unie; Union Benelux) is a politico-economic union of three neighbouring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
William James Pascrell Jr. (born January 25, 1937), is the U.S. Representative for.
Bokmål (literally "book tongue") is an official written standard for the Norwegian language, alongside Nynorsk.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
Campione d'Italia is a comune (municipality) of the Province of Como in the Lombardy region of Italy and an exclave surrounded by the Swiss canton of Ticino.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
A child safety seat (infant safety seat, child restraint system, child seat, baby seat, restraining car seat, car seat, etc.) is a seat designed specifically to protect children from injury or death during vehicle collisions.
The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
A consumption tax is a tax levied on consumption spending on goods and services.
A corporate tax, also called corporation tax or company tax, is a direct tax imposed by a jurisdiction on the income or capital of corporations or analogous legal entities.
Corporatism is the organization of a society by corporate groups and agricultural, labour, military or scientific syndicates and guilds on the basis of their common interests.
Crown dependencies are three island territories off the coast of Britain which are self-governing possessions of the Crown.
In economics, a country's current account is one of the two components of its balance of payments, the other being the capital account (also known as the financial account).
A customs union was defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.
A deadweight loss, also known as excess burden or allocative inefficiency, is a loss of economic efficiency that can occur when equilibrium for a good or a service is not achieved.
In economics, the demand curve is the graph depicting the relationship between the price of a certain commodity and the amount of it that consumers are willing and able to purchase at any given price.
A destination-based cash flow tax (DBCFT).
Duty-free shops (or stores) are retail outlets that are exempt from the payment of certain local or national taxes and duties, on the requirement that the goods sold will be sold to travelers who will take them out of the country.
In economics, a model is a theoretical construct representing economic processes by a set of variables and a set of logical and/or quantitative relationships between them.
In mainstream economics, economic surplus, also known as total welfare or Marshallian surplus (after Alfred Marshall), refers to two related quantities.
Eilat (help; 'aylaat or 'aylat, also 'Um 'al-Rashrash) is Israel's southernmost city, a busy port and popular resort at the northern tip of the Red Sea, on the Gulf of Aqaba.
Equalization payments are cash payments made in some federal systems of government from the federal government to subnational governments with the objective of offsetting differences in available revenue or in the cost of providing services.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The European Union value added tax (or EU VAT) is a value added tax on goods and services within the European Union (EU).
Excise tax in the United States is an indirect tax on listed items.
Feminine hygiene products (also called menstrual hygiene products) are personal care products used by women, for menstruation, vaginal discharge, and other bodily functions related to the vulva and vagina.
A flat tax (short for flat tax rate) is a tax system with a constant marginal rate, usually applied to individual or corporate income.
The French Ministry for the Economy and Finance (Ministère de l'économie et des finances), called the Finance Ministry for short and informally referred to as Bercy, is one of the most important ministries in the cabinet of France.
Georg Wilhelm von Siemens (30 July 1855, Berlin – 14 October 1919, Arosa, Switzerland) was a German telecommunications industrialist of the Siemens family.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
The goods and services tax (GST) in Australia is a value added tax of 10% on most goods and services sales, with some exemptions (such as for certain food, healthcare and housing items) and concessions (including qualifying long term accommodation which is taxed at an effective rate of 5.5%).
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) (taxe sur les produits et services, TPS) is a multi-level value added tax introduced in Canada on January 1, 1991, by then-Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and his finance minister Michael Wilson.
Goods and Service Tax (GST) is an indirect tax (or consumption tax) levied in India on the supply of goods and services.
The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value-added tax in Malaysia.
Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a value-added tax or consumption tax for goods and services consumed in New Zealand.
Goods and Services Tax (Abbreviation: GST; Chinese: 消费税) in Singapore is a broad-based value added tax levied on import of goods, as well as nearly all supplies of goods and services.
Gross margin is the difference between revenue and cost of goods sold (COGS) divided by revenue.
A gross receipts tax or gross excise tax is a tax on the total gross revenues of a company, regardless of their source.
Guernsey is an island in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy.
The harmonized sales tax (HST) is a consumption tax in Canada.
Heligoland (Helgoland; Heligolandic Frisian: deät Lun, Mooring Frisian: Hålilönj) is a small German archipelago in the North Sea.
Helsingin Sanomat, abbreviated HS and colloquially known as Hesari, is the largest subscription newspaper in Finland and the Nordic countries, owned by Sanoma.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
An indirect tax (such as sales tax, per unit tax, value added tax (VAT), or goods and services tax (GST)) is a tax collected by an intermediary (such as a retail store) from the person who bears the ultimate economic burden of the tax (such as the consumer).
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
La Vanguardia (Spanish for "The Vanguard") is a Spanish daily newspaper, founded in 1881.
A land/location value tax (LVT), also called a site valuation tax, split rate tax, or site-value rating, is an ad valorem levy on the unimproved value of land.
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (Fürstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.
A comparison of tax rates by countries is difficult and somewhat subjective, as tax laws in most countries are extremely complex and the tax burden falls differently on different groups in each country and sub-national unit.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
Livigno (Livigno, local Livígn, Luwin) is a town and comune in the province of Sondrio, in the region of Lombardy, Italy, located in the Italian Alps, near the Swiss border.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Maurice Lauré (1917 - 20 April 2001) is primarily known for creating the taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA in French, otherwise known as value added tax (VAT) in English).
A medical device is any apparatus, appliance, software, material, or other article—whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application—intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings for the purpose of.
Medical equipment (also known as armamentarium) is designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of medical conditions.
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Missing trader fraud (also called missing trader intra-community or MTIC) and the related carousel fraud is the theft of Value Added Tax (VAT) from a government by organised crime gangs who exploit the way VAT is treated within multi-jurisdictional trading where the movement of goods between jurisdictions is VAT-free.
A mobility aid is a device designed to assist walking or otherwise improve the mobility of people with a mobility impairment.
Nynorsk (translates to New Norwegian or New Norse) is one of the two written standards of the Norwegian language, the other being Bokmål.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
The Diario Oficial de la Federación (DOF; translated variously as the Official Journal of the Federation or else as Official Gazette of the Federation), published daily by the government of Mexico, is the main official government publication in Mexico.
The One Hundred and Twenty Second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016, introduced a national Goods and Services Tax in India from 1 July 2017.
Paul Bernd Spahn (born October 17, 1939) is emeritus professor of public finance at the Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.
Donald Trump was inaugurated as the 45th President of the United States at noon EST on January 20, 2017, succeeding Barack Obama.
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
A progressive tax is a tax in which the tax rate increases as the taxable amount increases.
A proportional tax is a tax imposed so that the tax rate is fixed, with no change as the taxable base amount increases or decreases.
Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
A raw material, also known as a feedstock or most correctly unprocessed material, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials which are feedstock for future finished products.
Ríkisútvarpið (RÚV) (pronounced or) ('The Icelandic National Broadcasting Service') is Iceland's national public-service broadcasting organization.
A regressive tax is a tax imposed in such a manner that the tax rate decreases as the amount subject to taxation increases.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services.
Sales taxes in the United States are taxes placed on the sale or lease of goods and services in the United States.
A single tax is a system of taxation based mainly or exclusively on one tax, typically chosen for its special properties, often being a tax on land value.
The special administrative regions (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People's Government, which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy, and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Communist Party of China.
In economics, supply is the amount of something that firms, consumers, labourers, providers of financial assets, or other economic agents are willing to provide to the marketplace.
In microeconomics, supply and demand is an economic model of price determination in a market.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Svalbard (prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen, still the name of its largest island) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
The Svalbard Treaty (originally the Spitsbergen Treaty) recognises the sovereignty of Norway over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, at the time called Spitsbergen.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
Tax avoidance is the legal usage of the tax regime in a single territory to one's own advantage to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law.
A television licence or broadcast receiving licence is a payment required in many countries for the reception of television broadcasts, or the possession of a television set where some broadcasts are funded in full or in part by the licence fee paid.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another.
A turnover tax is similar to VAT, with the difference that it taxes intermediate and possibly capital goods.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United States Chamber of Commerce (USCC) is a business-oriented American lobbying group.
A use tax is a type of tax levied in the United States by numerous state governments.
A value-added tax (VAT), known in some countries as a goods and services tax (GST), is a type of tax that is assessed incrementally, based on the increase in value of a product or service at each stage of production or distribution.
In the United Kingdom, the value-added tax (or value added tax, VAT) was introduced in 1973 and is the third-largest source of government revenue, after income tax and National Insurance.
The word widget is a placeholder name for an object or, more specifically, a mechanical or other manufactured device.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
The X tax is an approach to taxation, suggested in the United States, that can be described as a standard European-style credit-invoice value added tax (VAT), except that wages are deducted by businesses and taxed at progressive rates to workers.
In economics, zero-rated supply refers to items that are taxable, but the rate of tax is nil on their input supplies.
Added value tax, Added-value tax, Impuesto al Valor Agregado, Mehrwertsteuer, MwSt, Omsaetningsafgift, Omsætningsafgift, Podatek od towarów i usług, VAT, VAT in the United States, VAT receipt, VAT registered, Value Added Tax, Value Added Taxes, Value added Tax, Value added tax, Value added taxes, Value added taxes in the United States, Value-Added Tax, Value-added sales tax, Valued-added tax.