37 relations: Acetic anhydride, Acetylacetone, Adduct, Alcohol, Alkene, Allyl group, Anti-diabetic medication, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Benzene, Chemical compound, Chemical formula, Coordination complex, Epoxide, Geraniol, GSK-3, Hydroxy group, Inorganic Syntheses, Insulin receptor, IRS1, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Lewis acids and bases, Meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid, Metal acetylacetonates, Methylamine, Organic chemistry, Organic peroxide, Paramagnetism, Phosphorylation, Protein kinase B, Protein tyrosine phosphatase, PTPN1, Pyridine, Substrate (chemistry), Tert-Butyl hydroperoxide, Vanadium, Vanadyl ion, Vanadyl sulfate.
Acetic anhydride, or ethanoic anhydride, is the chemical compound with the formula (CH3CO)2O.
Acetylacetone is an organic compound that exists in two tautomeric forms that interconvert rapidly and are treated as a single compound in most applications.
An adduct (from the Latin adductus, "drawn toward" alternatively, a contraction of "addition product") is a product of a direct addition of two or more distinct molecules, resulting in a single reaction product containing all atoms of all components.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
An allyl group is a substituent with the structural formula H2C.
Drugs used in diabetes treat diabetes mellitus by lowering glucose levels in the blood.
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that covers research on all aspects of biochemistry and biophysics.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents.
An epoxide is a cyclic ether with a three-atom ring.
Geraniol is a monoterpenoid and an alcohol.
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 is a serine/threonine protein kinase that mediates the addition of phosphate molecules onto serine and threonine amino acid residues.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Inorganic Syntheses is a book series which aims to publish "detailed and foolproof" procedures for the synthesis of inorganic compounds.
The insulin receptor (IR) is a transmembrane receptor that is activated by insulin, IGF-I, IGF-II and belongs to the large class of tyrosine kinase receptors.
Insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) is a signaling adapter protein that in humans is encoded by the IRS-1 gene.
The Journal of the American Chemical Society (also known as JACS) is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1879 by the American Chemical Society.
A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.
meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid (mCPBA) is a peroxycarboxylic acid used widely as an oxidant in organic synthesis.
Metal acetylacetonates are coordination complexes derived from the acetylacetonate anion and metal ions, usually transition metals.
Methylamine is an organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′).
Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism whereby certain materials are weakly attracted by an externally applied magnetic field, and form internal, induced magnetic fields in the direction of the applied magnetic field.
In chemistry, phosphorylation of a molecule is the attachment of a phosphoryl group.
Protein kinase B (PKB), also known as Akt, is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase that plays a key role in multiple cellular processes such as glucose metabolism, apoptosis, cell proliferation, transcription and cell migration.
Protein tyrosine phosphatases are a group of enzymes that remove phosphate groups from phosphorylated tyrosine residues on proteins.
Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 1 also known as protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is an enzyme that is the founding member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family.
Pyridine is a basic heterocyclic organic compound with the chemical formula C5H5N.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (tBuOOH) is an organic peroxide widely used in a variety of oxidation processes, for example Sharpless epoxidation.
Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.
The vanadyl or oxovanadium(IV) cation, VO2+, is a blue-coloured vanadium oxocation at an oxidation state of +4.
Vanadyl(IV) sulfate describes a collection of inorganic compounds of vanadium with the formula, VOSO4(H2O)x where 0≤x≤6.