43 relations: Abstand and ausbau languages, Académie française, Accent (sociolinguistics), Arbitrariness, Argot, Baby talk, Code-switching, Colloquialism, Community of practice, Cuban Spanish, Dialect, Dialectology, Embassy of Cuba in Washington, D.C., Ethnolect, Grammar, Idiolect, Jargon, Koiné language, Language, Language localisation, Lexicon, Linguistic competence, List of language subsystems, Morphology (linguistics), Multilingualism, Penelope Eckert, Phonology, Pronunciation, Register (sociolinguistics), Sally McConnell-Ginet, Slang, Social class, Sociolect, Sociolinguistics, Speech community, Standard language, Stylistics, Syntax, Teasing, The Dozens, Variation (linguistics), Varieties of Chinese, Washington, D.C..
In sociolinguistics, an abstand language is a language variety or cluster of varieties with significant linguistic distance from all others, while an ausbau language is a standard variety, possibly with related dependent varieties.
The Académie française is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language.
In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.
Arbitrariness is the quality of being "determined by chance, whim, or impulse, and not by necessity, reason, or principle".
An argot (from French argot 'slang') is a secret language used by various groups—e.g., schoolmates, outlaws, colleagues, among many others—to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations.
Baby talk is a type of speech associated with an older person speaking to a child.
In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a single conversation.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
A community of practice (CoP) is a group of people who share a craft or a profession.
Cuban Spanish—also referred to colloquially as simply cubano, or even cubañol— is the variety of the Spanish language as it is spoken in Cuba.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
Dialectology (from Greek διάλεκτος, dialektos, "talk, dialect"; and -λογία, -logia) is the scientific study of linguistic dialect, a sub-field of sociolinguistics.
The Cuban Embassy in Washington, DC, is the diplomatic mission of Cuba to the United States of America.
An ethnolect is a variety of a language associated with a certain ethnic or cultural subgroup.
In linguistics, grammar (from Greek: γραμματική) is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.
Idiolect is an individual's distinctive and unique use of language, including speech.
Jargon is a type of language that is used in a particular context and may not be well understood outside that context.
In linguistics, a koiné language, koiné dialect, or simply koiné (Ancient Greek κοινή, "common ") is a standard language or dialect that has arisen as a result of contact between two or more mutually intelligible varieties (dialects) of the same language.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Language localisation (or localization, see spelling-differences) is the process of adapting a product that has been previously translated into multiple languages to a specific country or region (from Latin locus (place) and the English term locale, "a place where something happens or is set").
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
Linguistic competence is the system of linguistic knowledge possessed by native speakers of a language.
In linguistics, languages are often studied in terms of six major subsystems, which relate to major subfields within linguistics.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
Penelope "Penny" Eckert (born 1942) is a professor of linguistics at Stanford University in Stanford, California, where she holds the position of Albert Ray Lang Professor of Linguistics.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken.
In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.
Sally McConnell-Ginet is Professor Emerita of Linguistics at Cornell University.
Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both.
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
In sociolinguistics, a sociolect or social dialect is a variety of language (a register) used by a socioeconomic class, a profession, an age group or other social group.
Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language.
A speech community is a group of people who share a set of linguistic norms and expectations regarding the use of language.
A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.
Stylistics, a branch of applied linguistics, is the study and interpretation of texts in regard to their linguistic and tonal style.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
Teasing has multiple meanings and uses.
The Dozens is a game of spoken words between two contestants, common in black communities of the United States, where participants insult each other until one gives up.
Variation is a characteristic of language: there is more than one way of saying the same thing.
Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.