83 relations: A. W. Kuchler, Agriculture, Alexander von Humboldt, Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper, Arthur Tansley, August Grisebach, Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Australia, Avalanche, Biocoenosis, Biome, Bog, Budapest, Bureau of Land Management, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, Climate, Climax community, Desert, Disturbance (ecology), E. O. Wilson, Ecological succession, Ecological vegetation class, Ecoregion, Ecosystem, Emil von Sydow, Eugenius Warming, Exogeny, Federal Geographic Data Committee, Fire, Fire ecology, Flood, Flora, Frederic Clements, Garden, Groundcover, Habit (biology), Habitat, Heidelberg, Heinz Ellenberg, Hermann Wagner (geographer), Hierarchy, Horticulture, Indicator value, John Stanley Beard, Joseph Burtt Davy, Jules Thurmann, Landslide, Linnaean taxonomy, ..., Mangrove, Meristem, New York City, Nutrient, Oxford, Phenology, Physiognomy, Phytochorion, Phytogeography, Phytosociology, Plant, Plant community, Plant cover, Road verge, Robert H. MacArthur, Sequoia sempervirens, Soil, Soil crust, Spatial ecology, Springer Science+Business Media, System, The Nature Conservancy, Thomas Ford Chipp, Trajectory, Tropical vegetation, U.S. National Vegetation Classification, UNESCO, Vegetation and slope stability, Vegetation classification, Vegetation type, Victoria (Australia), Wildfire, Wind. Expand index (33 more) » « Shrink index
August William Kuchler (born August Wilhelm Küchler; 1907–1999) was a German-born American geographer and naturalist who is noted for developing a plant association system in widespread use in the United States.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (14 September 17696 May 1859) was a Prussian polymath, geographer, naturalist, explorer, and influential proponent of Romantic philosophy and science.
Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (12 May 1856 – 9 September 1901) was a German botanist and phytogeographer who made major contributions in the fields of histology, ecology and plant geography.
Sir Arthur George Tansley FLS, FRS (15 August 1871 – 25 November 1955) was an English botanist and a pioneer in the science of ecology.
August Heinrich Rudolf Grisebach was a German botanist and phytogeographer.
Augustin Pyramus de Candolle also spelled Augustin Pyrame de Candolle (4 February 17789 September 1841) was a Swiss botanist.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
An avalanche (also called a snowslide) is a cohesive slab of snow lying upon a weaker layer of snow in the snowpack that fractures and slides down a steep slope when triggered.
A biocenosis (UK English, biocoenosis, also biocenose, biocoenose, biotic community, biological community, ecological community, life assemblage) coined by Karl Möbius in 1877, describes the interacting organisms living together in a habitat (biotope).
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
A bog is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior that administers more than of public lands in the United States which constitutes one-eighth of the landmass of the country.
Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Carl Friedrich Philipp (Karl Friedrich Philipp) von Martius (April 17th, 1794 – December 13th, 1868) was a German botanist and explorer.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
In ecology, climax community, or climatic climax community, is a historic term for a biological community of plants, animals, and fungi which, through the process of ecological succession in the development of vegetation in an area over time, have reached a steady state.
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
In biology, a disturbance is a temporary change in environmental conditions that causes a pronounced change in an ecosystem.
Edward Osborne Wilson (born June 10, 1929), usually cited as E. O. Wilson, is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author.
Ecological succession is the process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time.
An ecological vegetation class (EVC) is a component of the vegetation classification system developed and used by the state of Victoria, Australia, since 1994, for mapping floristic biodiversity.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Emil von Sydow (July 15, 1812 — October 13, 1873) was a German geographer and cartographer born in Freiberg, Saxony.
Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming (3 November 1841 – 2 April 1924), known as Eugen Warming, was a Danish botanist and a main founding figure of the scientific discipline of ecology.
In a variety of contexts, exogeny or exogeneity is the fact of an action or object originating externally.
The Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) is a United States government committee which promotes the coordinated development, use, sharing, and dissemination of geospatial data on a national basis.
Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.
Fire ecology is a scientific discipline concerned with natural processes involving fire in an ecosystem and the ecological effects, the interactions between fire and the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem, and the role of fire as an ecosystem process.
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
Frederic Edward Clements (September 16, 1874 – July 26, 1945) was an American plant ecologist and pioneer in the study of vegetation succession.
A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature.
Groundcover or ground cover is any plant that grows over an area of ground.
Habit is equivalent to habitus in some applications in biology; the term refers variously to aspects of behaviour or structure, as follows.
In ecology, a habitat is the type of natural environment in which a particular species of organism lives.
Heidelberg is a college town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany.
Heinz Ellenberg (1 August 1913 in Harburg (Elbe) – 2 May 1997 in Göttingen) was a German biologist, botanist and ecologist.
Hermann Wagner (23 June 1840 – 18 June 1929) was a German geographer and cartographer who was a native of Erlangen.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar).
Indicator value is a term that has been used in ecology for two different indices.
John Stanley Beard (15 February 1916 – 17 February 2011) was a British-born forester and ecologist who resided in Australia.
Joseph Burtt Davy (7 March 1870 Findern, Derbyshire – 20 August 1940 Birmingham) was a Quaker botanist and agrostologist.
Jules Thurmann (5 November 1804, Neuf-Brisach in Haut-Rhin, France – 25 July 1855, Porrentruy) was an Alsatian French-Swiss geologist and botanist.
The term landslide or, less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows and debris flows.
Linnaean taxonomy can mean either of two related concepts.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Phenology is the study of periodic plant and animal life cycle events and how these are influenced by seasonal and interannual variations in climate, as well as habitat factors (such as elevation).
Physiognomy (from the Greek φύσις physis meaning "nature" and gnomon meaning "judge" or "interpreter") is the assessment of character or personality from a person's outer appearance, especially the face often linked to racial and sexual stereotyping.
A phytochorion, in phytogeography, is a geographic area with a relatively uniform composition of plant species.
Phytogeography (from Greek φυτό, phyto.
Phytosociology is the branch of science which deals with plant communities, their composition and development, and the relationships between the species within them.
Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
A plant community (sometimes "phytocoenosis" or "phytocenosis") is a collection or association of plant species within a designated geographical unit, which forms a relatively uniform patch, distinguishable from neighboring patches of different vegetation types.
The abundances of plant species are often measured by plant cover, which is the relative area covered by different plant species in a small plot.
A road verge is a strip of grass or plants, and sometimes also trees, located between a roadway (carriageway) and a sidewalk (pavement).
Robert Helmer MacArthur (April 7, 1930 – November 1, 1972) was a Canadian-born American ecologist who made a major impact on many areas of community and population ecology.
Sequoia sempervirens Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607 is the sole living species of the genus Sequoia in the cypress family Cupressaceae (formerly treated in Taxodiaceae).
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Soil crusts are soil surface layers that are distinct from the rest of the bulk soil, often hardened with a platy surface.
Spatial ecology represents the ultimate distributional or spatial unit occupied by a species.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming an integrated whole.
The Nature Conservancy is a charitable environmental organization, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, United States.
Thomas Ford Chipp (1 January 1886 – 28 June 1931) was an English botanist who became Assistant Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.
Tropical vegetation is any vegetation in tropical latitudes.
The U.S. National Vegetation Classification (NVC or USNVC) is a scheme for classifying the natural and cultural vegetation communities of the United States.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Vegetation and slope stability are interrelated by the ability of the plant life growing on slopes to both promote and hinder the stability of the slope.
Vegetation classification is the process of classifying and mapping the vegetation over an area of the earth's surface.
Vegetation type or plant community refers to members of a group or aspect of plants that are often found growing in an area together (plant associates), or that share similar environmental conditions, characterized by the presence of one or more dominant species.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.
Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.