73 relations: AMC Eagle, AMC Hornet, AMC Pacer, American Motors Corporation, Axle, Beam (structure), Bicycle frame, Body-on-frame, Buckminster Fuller, Buick, Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera, Chassis, Chevrolet, Chevrolet Chevy II / Nova, Chevrolet Corvair, Chrysler Airflow, Citroën, Citroën 2CV, Citroën Traction Avant, Crossover (automobile), Dodge, Dymaxion car, Energy crisis, Floorpan, Ford Falcon (North America), Ford Motor Company, Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, Front-wheel drive, George W. Mason, GM F platform, GM X platform (1962), Hollow structural section, Independent suspension, Jaguar C-Type, Jeep Cherokee (XJ), Jeep Grand Cherokee, Jeep Grand Cherokee (ZJ), Joseph Ledwinka, Lancia Lambda, Lincoln-Zephyr, Locomotive frame, Mercedes-Benz Ponton, Monocoque, Motor vehicle, Motorcycle frame, Nash 600, Nash Motors, Opel, Opel Kapitän, Opel Olympia, ..., Organism, Pickup truck, Plymouth Valiant, Renault, Renault 4, Semi-monocoque, Skeleton, Sports car racing, Stout Scarab, Structural element, Structure, Studebaker, Superleggera, Suspension (vehicle), Torpedo (car), Transmission (mechanics), Triumph Herald, Truck, Vehicle frame, Volkswagen Beetle, William Bushnell Stout, 2000s energy crisis, 24 Hours of Le Mans. Expand index (23 more) » « Shrink index
The AMC Eagle is a compact-sized four-wheel drive passenger vehicle that was produced by American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1979 to 1987.
The AMC Hornet is a compact automobile, manufactured and marketed by American Motors Corporation (AMC) in a single generation from model years 1970 through 1977 — in sedan, wagon and hatchback coupe configurations.
The AMC Pacer is a two-door compact car produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation from 1975 to 1979, sold out in 1980.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.
An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.
A beam is a structural element that primarily resists loads applied laterally to the beam's axis.
A bicycle frame is the main component of a bicycle, onto which wheels and other components are fitted.
Body-on-frame is an automobile construction method by which a separate body is mounted on a relatively rigid frame or chassis that carries the engine and drivetrain.
Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller (July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983) was an American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor and futurist.
Buick, formally the Buick Motor Division, is an upscale automobile brand of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera is an Italian automobile coachbuilder.
A chassis (plural chassis) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
The Chevrolet Chevy II/Nova was a small automobile manufactured by Chevrolet, and produced in five generations for the 1962 through 1979, and 1985 through 1988 model years.
The Chevrolet Corvair is a compact car manufactured by Chevrolet for model years 1960–1969.
The Chrysler Airflow is a full-size car produced by Chrysler from 1934 to 1937.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
The Citroën 2CV ("deux chevaux" i.e. "deux chevaux-vapeur" (lit. "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile and manufactured by Citroën for model years 1948–1990. Conceived by Citroën Vice-President Pierre Boulanger to help motorise the large number of farmers still using horses and carts in 1930s France, the 2CV has a combination of innovative engineering and utilitarian, straightforward metal bodywork — initially corrugated for added strength without added weight. The 2CV featured low cost; simplicity of overall maintenance; an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp); low fuel consumption; and an extremely long-travel suspension offering a soft ride and light off-road capability. Often called "an umbrella on wheels", the fixed-profile convertible bodywork featured a full-width, canvas, roll-back sunroof, which accommodated oversized loads and until 1955 reached almost to the car's rear bumper. Notably, Michelin introduced and first commercialized the radial tyre with the introduction of the 2CV. Manufactured in France between 1948 and 1988 (and in Portugal from 1988 to 1990), more than 3.8 million 2CVs were produced, along with over 1.2 million small 2CV-based delivery vans known as fourgonnettes. Citroën ultimately offered several mechanically identical variants including the Ami (over 1.8 million); the Dyane (over 1.4 million); the Acadiane (over 250,000); and the Mehari (over 140,000). In total, Citroën manufactured almost 9 million 2CVs and variants. The purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. In West Germany during the 1960s, for example, it cost about half as much as a Volkswagen Beetle. From the mid-1950s economy car competition had increased – internationally in the form of the 1957 Fiat 500 and 1955 Fiat 600, and 1959 Austin Mini. By 1952, Germany produced a price competitive car – the Messerschmitt KR175, followed in 1955 by the Isetta – these were microcars, not complete four-door cars like the 2CV. On the French home market, from 1961, the small Simca 1000 using licensed Fiat technology, and the larger Renault 4 hatchback had become available. The R4 was the biggest threat to the 2CV, eventually outselling it. A 1953 technical review in Autocar described "the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford". In 2011, The Globe and Mail called it a "car like no other". The motoring writer L. J. K. Setright described the 2CV as "the most intelligent application of minimalism ever to succeed as a car", and a car of "remorseless rationality".
The Citroën Traction Avant is an executive car produced by the French manufacturer Citroën from 1934 to 1957.
A crossover or crossover utility vehicle (CUV) is a vehicle built on a unibody car platform combining in highly variable degrees features of a sport utility vehicle (SUV) with those of a passenger vehicle, especially a station wagon or hatchback.
Dodge is an American brand of automobile manufactured by Fiat Chrysler (formerly known as Chrysler Group LLC), based in Auburn Hills, Michigan.
The Dymaxion car was designed by American inventor Buckminster Fuller during the Great Depression and featured prominently at Chicago's 1933/1934 World's Fair.
An energy crisis is any significant bottleneck in the supply of energy resources to an economy.
The floorpan is a large sheet metal stamping that often incorporates several smaller welded stampings to form the floor of a large vehicle and the position of its external and structural panels.
The Ford Falcon was an automobile which was produced by the Ford from 1960 to 1970 across three generations.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
In automotive design, an FR, or front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout is one where the engine is located at the front of the vehicle and driven wheels are located at the rear.
Front-wheel drive (FWD) is a form of engine and transmission layout used in motor vehicles, where the engine drives the front wheels only.
George Walter Mason (March 12, 1891 – October 8, 1954) was an American industrialist.
The F platform, or F-body, was General Motors' small rear-wheel drive automobile platform from 1967 until 2002.
The rear-wheel drive X-body underpinned the Chevrolet Nova and similar cars of the 1960s and 1970s.
A hollow structural section (HSS) is a type of metal profile with a hollow tubular cross section.
Independent suspension is a broad term for any automobile suspension system that allows each wheel on the same axle to move vertically (i.e. reacting to a bump in the road) independently of the others.
The Jaguar C-Type (also called the Jaguar XK120-C) is a racing sports car built by Jaguar and sold from 1951 to 1953.
The Jeep Cherokee (XJ) is a compact sport utility vehicle that was manufactured and marketed by Jeep in the USA from 1983 to 2001, as well as in other countries, and sometimes under other names, until 2014, with Jeep selling almost 3 million units between 1984 and 2001. Sharing the name of the original full-size Cherokee SJ model, the 1984 Cherokee XJ was Jeep's first all-new vehicle design since the 1963 SJ ''Wagoneer'', from which the '74 SJ Cherokee had been derived. Instead of the traditional separate body and chassis, the XJ featured a light-weight, compact and space-efficient, integrated body and frame design, The models were originally marketed as Sportwagons and became the precursor to the modern sport utility vehicle (SUV) as that term was not yet in use. The XJ spawned competitors as other automakers began to notice that this Jeep design began replacing regular cars. It also began to supplant the role of the station wagon and "transformed from truck to limousine in the eyes of countless suburban owners." The XJ is a "significant link in the evolution of the 4x4." Built in Toledo, Ohio, USA; Beijing, China; Ferreyra, Argentina; Cairo, Egypt; and in Valencia, Venezuela, the XJ provided the mechanical basis for the MJ-series Jeep Comanche pickup truck. Many of the XJ models had an eight-slot or a ten-slot grille design. Automotive journalist Robert Cumberford, writing for ''Automobile'', called the Jeep XJ one of the 20 greatest cars of all time — for its design, and "possibly the best SUV shape of all time, it is the paradigmatic model to which other designers have since aspired". The XJ was also selected in 2011 as one of "10 cars that refuse to die" by Kiplinger.
The Jeep Grand Cherokee is a range of Mid-size SUVs produced by the American manufacturer Jeep.
The Jeep Grand Cherokee (ZJ) is the first generation of the Jeep Grand Cherokee sport utility vehicle.
Joseph Ledwinka (December 14, 1870 – November 26, 1949, aged 78)Buddgette, January 1950 was an automobile engineer.
The Lancia Lambda is an innovative automobile produced from 1922 through 1931.
The Lincoln-Zephyr was the lower-priced line of mid-size Lincoln luxury cars from 1936 until 1940.
A locomotive frame is the structure that forms the backbone of the railway locomotive, giving it strength and supporting the superstructure elements such as a cab, boiler or bodywork.
The Ponton was Daimler-Benz's first totally new Mercedes-Benz series of passenger vehicles produced after World War II.
Monocoque, also structural skin, is a structural system where loads are supported through an object's external skin, similar to an egg shell.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
A motorcycle frame is a motorcycle's core structure.
The Nash 600 is an automobile that was manufactured by the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation of Kenosha, Wisconsin for the 1941 through 1949 model years, after which the car was renamed the Nash Statesman.
Nash Motors Company was an American automobile manufacturer based in Kenosha, Wisconsin, in the United States from 1916 to 1937.
Opel (Opel) is a German automobile manufacturer, subsidiary of French automaker Groupe PSA since August 2017.
The Opel Kapitän is an executive car made in several different generations by the German car manufacturer Opel from 1938 to 1970.
The Opel Olympia is a compact car produced by the German automaker Opel from 1935 to 1940, from 1947 to 1953 and again from 1967 to 1970.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
A pickup truck is a light-duty truck having an enclosed cab and an open cargo area with low sides and tailgate.
The Plymouth Valiant (first appearing in 1960 as simply the Valiant) is an automobile which was manufactured by the Plymouth division of the Chrysler Corporation in the United States from 1960 to 1976.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
The Renault 4, also known as the 4L (pronounced "Quatrelle"), is a hatchback economy car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1961 and 1994.
The term semi-monocoque refers to a stressed shell structure that is similar to a true monocoque, but which derives at least some of its strength from conventional reinforcement.
The skeleton is the body part that forms the supporting structure of an organism.
Sports car racing is a form of circuit auto racing with sports cars that have two seats and enclosed wheels.
The Stout Scarab is a 1930–1940s American minivan.
Structural elements are used in structural analysis to split a complex structure into simple elements.
Structure is an arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system, or the object or system so organized.
Studebaker was an American wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana.
Superleggera (translation: "super light") is an automobile coachwork construction technology developed by Felice Bianchi Anderloni of Italian coachbuilder Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera.
Suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two.
The torpedo body style was a type of automobile body used from the early twentieth century until the mid-1930s; it fell quickly into disuse by World War II, and the appearance was modernized into what is now called a "hardtop".
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
The Triumph Herald is a small two-door car introduced by the Standard-Triumph Company of Coventry in 1959 and made through to 1971.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
A vehicle frame, also known as its chassis, is the main supporting structure of a motor vehicle, to which all other components are attached, comparable to the skeleton of an organism.
The Volkswagen Beetle – officially the Volkswagen Type 1, informally in German the Käfer (literally "beetle"), in parts of the English-speaking world the Bug, and known by many other nicknames in other languages – is a two-door, rear-engine economy car, intended for five passengers, that was manufactured and marketed by German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003.
William Bushnell Stout (March 16, 1880 – March 20, 1956) was a pioneeringhttp://home.earthlink.net/~ralphcooper/biostout.htm American inventor, engineer, developer and designer whose works in the automotive and aviation fields were groundbreaking.
From the mid-1980s to September 2003, the inflation-adjusted price of a barrel of crude oil on NYMEX was generally under US$25/barrel.
The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is the world's oldest active sports car race in endurance racing, held annually since near the town of Le Mans, France.
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