61 relations: Airstream mechanism, Americanist phonetic notation, Approximant consonant, Archi language, Assimilation (phonology), Back-released velar click, Chemakum language, Circassian languages, Coast Salish languages, Consonant, English language, Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet, Flap consonant, German language, Greek language, Hawaiian language, Index of phonetics articles, Indigenous languages of the Americas, International Phonetic Alphabet, Juǀ'hoan dialect, Khoekhoe language, Khoisan languages, Labial–velar consonant, Labialization, Labialized velar consonant, List of dialects of the English language, Mandarin Chinese, Nori language, Northwest Caucasian languages, Pacific Northwest, Palatal consonant, Palatalization (phonetics), Pirahã language, Place of articulation, Proto-Indo-European language, Saanich dialect, Salish-Spokane-Kalispel language, Sindhi language, Soft palate, Spanish language, Tahitian language, Trill consonant, Ubykh language, Uvular consonant, Vanimo language, Velar ejective, Velar nasal, Velarization, Voiced labio-velar approximant, Voiced velar approximant, ..., Voiced velar fricative, Voiced velar implosive, Voiced velar lateral approximant, Voiced velar stop, Voiceless labialized velar approximant, Voiceless velar fricative, Voiceless velar stop, Wahgi language, Waimiri-Atroari, Wutung language, Xavante language. Expand index (11 more) » « Shrink index
In phonetics, the airstream mechanism is the method by which airflow is created in the vocal tract.
Americanist phonetic notation, also known as the North American Phonetic Alphabet or NAPA, is a system of phonetic notation originally developed by European and American anthropologists and language scientists (many of whom were students of Neogrammarians) for the phonetic and phonemic transcription of indigenous languages of the Americas and for languages of Europe.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
Archi is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken by the Archis in the village of Archib, southern Dagestan, Russia, and the six surrounding smaller villages.
In phonology, assimilation is a common phonological process by which one sound becomes more like a nearby sound.
A velar click, or more precisely a back-released velar click, is any of a family of click consonants found in paralinguistic use in several languages of Africa such as Wolof.
The Chemakum language (also written as Chimakum or Chimacum) was spoken by the Chemakum, a Native American group that once lived on western Washington state's Olympic Peninsula.
Circassian, also known as Cherkess, is a subdivision of the Northwest Caucasian language family.
Coast Salish languages are a subgroup of the Salishan language family.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet, also extIPA symbols for disordered speech or simply extIPA, are a set of letters and diacritics devised by the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association to augment the International Phonetic Alphabet for the phonetic transcription of disordered speech.
In phonetics, a flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiokinai, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Juǀʼhoan (also rendered Zhuǀʼhõasi, Dzuǀʼoasi, Zû-ǀhoa, JuǀʼHoansi), or Southeastern ǃXuun (Southeastern Ju), is the southern variety of the !Kung dialect continuum, spoken in northeastern Namibia and the Northwest District of Botswana.
The Khoekhoe language, Khoekhoegowab, also known by the ethnic term Nama and formerly as Hottentot, is the most widespread of those non-Bantu languages of southern Africa that contain "click" sounds and have therefore been loosely classified as Khoisan.
The Khoisan languages (also Khoesan or Khoesaan) are a group of African languages originally classified together by Joseph Greenberg.
Labial–velar consonants are doubly articulated at the velum and the lips, such as.
Labialization is a secondary articulatory feature of sounds in some languages.
A labialized velar or labiovelar is a velar consonant that is labialized, with a /w/-like secondary articulation.
This is an overview list of dialects of the English language.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Nori is an obscure Skou language of Papua New Guinea.
The Northwest Caucasian languages, also called West Caucasian, Abkhazo-Adyghean, Circassic, or sometimes Pontic (as opposed to Caspian for the Northeast Caucasian languages), are a group of languages spoken in the northwestern Caucasus region,Hoiberg, Dale H. (2010) chiefly in three Russian republics (Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay–Cherkessia), the disputed territory of Abkhazia (whose sovereignty is claimed by Georgia), and Turkey, with smaller communities scattered throughout the Middle East.
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
Pirahã (also spelled Pirahá, Pirahán), or Múra-Pirahã, is the indigenous language of the isolated Pirahã of Amazonas, Brazil.
In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Saanich (also Sənčaθən, written as SENĆOŦEN in Saanich orthography) is the language of the First Nations Saanich people.
The Salish or Séliš language, also known as Kalispel–Pend d'oreille, Kalispel–Spokane–Flathead, or, to distinguish it from the Salish language family to which it gave its name, Montana Salish, is a Salishan language spoken (as of 2005) by about 64 elders of the Flathead Nation in north central Montana and of the Kalispel Indian Reservation in northeastern Washington state, and by another 50 elders (as of 2000) of the Spokane Indian Reservation of Washington.
Sindhi (سنڌي, सिन्धी,, ਸਿੰਧੀ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region, spoken by the Sindhi people.
The soft palate (also known as the velum or muscular palate) is, in mammals, the soft tissue constituting the back of the roof of the mouth.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Tahitian (autonym Reo Tahiti, part of Reo Mā'ohi, languages of French Polynesia)Reo Mā'ohi correspond to “languages of natives from French Polynesia”, and may in principle designate any of the seven indigenous languages spoken in French Polynesia.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
Ubykh, or Ubyx, is an extinct Northwest Caucasian language once spoken by the Ubykh people (who originally lived along the eastern coast of the Black Sea before migrating en masse to Turkey in the 1860s).
Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.
Vanimo (Wanimo, Manimo) or Sumo language is a Skou language of Papua New Guinea which extends from the Leitre to Wutung on the Papua New Guinea Indonesian border.
The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
Velarization is a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant.
The voiced labio-velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in certain spoken languages, including English.
The voiced velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in various spoken languages.
The voiced velar implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number of spoken languages in the world.
The voiced velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless labialized velar (labiovelar) approximant (traditionally called a voiceless labiovelar fricative) is a type of consonantal sound, used in spoken languages.
The voiceless velar fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless velar stop or voiceless velar plosive is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
Wahgi is a Trans–New Guinea language of the Chimbu–Wahgi branch spoken by approximately 100,000 people in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.
The Uaimiris-Atroari or Waimiri-Atroari are an indigenous group inhabiting the southeastern part of the Brazilian state of Roraima and northeastern Amazonas, specifically the Waimiri Atroari Indigenous Territory.
Wutung (Udung) is a Skou language of Papua New Guinea which is spoken in the villages of Wutung and Sangke.
The Xavante language is a Jê language spoken by the Xavante people in the area surrounding Eastern Mato Grosso, Brazil.