85 relations: Accounting, Accreditation, Accuracy and precision, Agilent Technologies, Agriculture, Aircraft, Analytical balance, Analytical chemistry, Application software, Assay, Authentication, Barry Boehm, BIOS, Bridge, British Pharmacopoeia, Building, Certification of voting machines, Change control, Civil engineering, Clinical trial, Common Criteria, Comparability, Cross-validation (analytical chemistry), Curve fitting, Data validation, Department of Health and Social Care, Depreciation, Detection limit, Do it yourself, Economics, Elsevier, European Pharmacopoeia, Fatigue (material), Fault tolerance, Food, Food and Drug Administration, Formal verification, Functional verification, Good automated manufacturing practice, Good laboratory practice, Greenhouse gas, GUID Partition Table, GxP, Health Canada, Health care, Health Sciences Authority, INI file, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, International Council on Systems Engineering, International Electrotechnical Commission, ..., International Organization for Standardization, ISO 9000, ISO/IEC 17025, ISO/IEC 27001, James D. McCaffrey, John Wiley & Sons, Medical device, Medication, Medicine, Monograph, Population, Process validation, Project Management Body of Knowledge, Quality management system, Real estate appraisal, Repeatability, Reproducibility, Requirement, Road, Road safety audit, Software, Software verification and validation, Specification (technical standard), System testing, Systematic political science, The International Pharmacopoeia, Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Pharmacopeia, Usability testing, Validation master plan, Vehicle inspection, Verification and validation of computer simulation models, Wiley-VCH, Windows Registry. Expand index (35 more) » « Shrink index
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
Accreditation is the process in which certification of competency, authority, or credibility is presented.
Precision is a description of random errors, a measure of statistical variability.
Agilent Technologies is an American public research, development and manufacturing company established in 1999 as a spin-off from Hewlett-Packard.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An analytical balance (often called a "lab balance") is a class of balance designed to measure small mass in the sub-milligram range.
Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.
An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
An assay is an investigative (analytic) procedure in laboratory medicine, pharmacology, environmental biology and molecular biology for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence, amount, or functional activity of a target entity (the analyte).
Authentication (from authentikos, "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης authentes, "author") is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity.
Barry W. Boehm (born 1935) is an American software engineer, distinguished professor of computer science, industrial and systems engineering; the TRW Professor of Software Engineering; and founding director of the Center for Systems and Software Engineering at the University of Southern California.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.
The British Pharmacopoeia (BP) is the national pharmacopoeia of the United Kingdom.
A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory.
Various governments require a certification of voting machines.
Change control within quality management systems (QMS) and information technology (IT) systems is a process—either formal or informal—used to ensure that changes to a product or system are introduced in a controlled and coordinated manner.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.
The Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation (abbreviated as Common Criteria or CC) is an international standard (ISO/IEC 15408) for computer security certification.
In mathematics, any two elements x and y of a set P that is partially ordered by a binary relation ≤ are comparable when either x ≤ y or y ≤ x. If it is not the case that x and y are comparable, then they are called incomparable.
Cross-validation is an approach by which the sets of scientific data generated using two or more methods are critically assessed.
Curve fitting is the process of constructing a curve, or mathematical function, that has the best fit to a series of data points, possibly subject to constraints.
In computer science, data validation is the process of ensuring data have undergone data cleansing to ensure they have data quality, that is, that they are both correct and useful.
The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is a department of Her Majesty's Government, responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive.
In accountancy, depreciation refers to two aspects of the same concept.
In analytical chemistry, the detection limit, lower limit of detection, or LOD (limit of detection), is the lowest quantity of a substance that can be distinguished from the absence of that substance (a blank value) with a stated confidence level (generally 99%).
"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
The European Pharmacopoeia (Pharmacopoeia Europaea, Ph. Eur.) is a major regional pharmacopoeia which provides common quality standards throughout the pharmaceutical industry in Europe to control the quality of medicines, and the substances used to manufacture them.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
Fault tolerance is the property that enables a system to continue operating properly in the event of the failure (or one or more faults within) some of its components.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
In electronic design automation, functional verification is the task of verifying that the logic design conforms to specification.
Good automated manufacturing practice (GAMP) is both a technical subcommittee of the International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) and a set of guidelines for manufacturers and users of automated systems in the pharmaceutical industry.
In the experimental (non-clinical) research arena, the phrase good laboratory practice or GLP specifically refers to a quality system of management controls for research laboratories and organizations to ensure the uniformity, consistency, reliability, reproducibility, quality, and integrity of chemical (including pharmaceuticals) non-clinical safety tests; from physio-chemical properties through acute to chronic toxicity tests.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
GUID Partition Table (GPT) is a standard for the layout of the partition table on a physical storage device used in a desktop or server PC, such as a hard disk drive or solid-state drive, using globally unique identifiers (GUID).
GxP is a general abbreviation for the "good practice" quality guidelines and regulations.
Health Canada (Santé Canada) is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for national public health.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
The Health Sciences Authority (Abbreviation: HSA; Chinese: 卫生科学局); Malay: Penguasa Sains Kesihatan) is a statutory board under the Ministry of Health of the Singapore Government.
The INI file format is an informal standard for configuration files for some platforms or software.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
The International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE; pronounced in-co-see) is a non-profit membership organization dedicated to the advancement of systems engineering and to raise the professional stature of systems engineers.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The ISO 9000 family of quality management systems standards is designed to help organizations ensure that they meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders while meeting statutory and regulatory requirements related to a product or service.
ISO/IEC 17025 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories is the main ISO standard used by testing and calibration laboratories.
ISO/IEC 27001 is an information security standard, part of the ISO/IEC 27000 family of standards, of which the last version was published in 2013, with a few minor updates since then.
James D. McCaffrey is a software researcher and author known for his contributions to the fields of mathematical combinatorics and software test automation.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
A medical device is any apparatus, appliance, software, material, or other article—whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application—intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings for the purpose of.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
A monograph is a specialist work of writing (in contrast to reference works) on a single subject or an aspect of a subject, often by a single author, and usually on a scholarly subject.
In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.
Process Validation is the analysis of data gathered throughout the design and manufacturing of a product in order to confirm that the process can reliably output products of a determined standard.
The Project Management Body of Knowledge is a set of standard terminology and guidelines (a body of knowledge) for project management.
A quality management system (QMS) is a collection of business processes focused on consistently meeting customer requirements and enhancing their satisfaction.
Real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation is the process of developing an opinion of value, for real property (usually market value).
Repeatability or test–retest reliability is the closeness of the agreement between the results of successive measurements of the same measurand carried out under the same conditions of measurement.
Reproducibility is the closeness of the agreement between the results of measurements of the same measurand carried out under changed conditions of measurement.
In product development and process optimization, a requirement is a singular documented physical or functional need that a particular design, product or process aims to satisfy.
A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.
A Road Safety Audit (RSA) is defined as "the formal safety performance examination of an existing or future road or intersection by an independent, multidisciplinary team.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
In software project management, software testing, and software engineering, verification and validation (V&V) is the process of checking that a software system meets specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose.
A specification often refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service.
System testing of software or hardware is testing conducted on a complete, integrated system to evaluate the system's compliance with its specified requirements.
Systematic political science, as developed by Dallas F. Bell Jr., basically is the use of game theory methods to mathematically unify the anthropocentric academic disciplines of theology, epistemology, psychology, sociology and eschatology for computerized analysis and predictions after verification and validation methods are employed, such as red team procedures.
The International Pharmacopoeia (Pharmacopoeia Internationalis, Ph. Int.) is a pharmacopoeia issued by the World Health Organization as a recommendation, with the aim to provide international quality specifications for pharmaceutical substances (active ingredients and excipients) and dosage forms, together with supporting general methods of analysis, for global use.
Title 21 is the portion of the Code of Federal Regulations that governs food and drugs within the United States for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP).
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is a pharmacopeia (compendium of drug information) for the United States published annually by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (usually also called the USP), a nonprofit organization that owns the trademark and copyright.
Usability testing is a technique used in user-centered interaction design to evaluate a product by testing it on users.
A Validation Master Plan, also referred to as "VMP", outlines the principles involved in the qualification of a facility, defining the areas and systems to be validated, and provides a written program for achieving and maintaining a qualified facility.
Vehicle inspection is a procedure mandated by national or subnational governments in many countries, in which a vehicle is inspected to ensure that it conforms to regulations governing safety, emissions, or both.
Verification and validation of computer simulation models is conducted during the development of a simulation model with the ultimate goal of producing an accurate and credible model.
Wiley-VCH is a German publisher owned by John Wiley & Sons.
The registry is a hierarchical database that stores low-level settings for the Microsoft Windows operating system and for applications that opt to use the registry.
Design qualification, IV&V, Independent Verification and Validation, Installation qualification, Measurement reporting and verification, Measurement, reporting and verification, Mesurement, reporting and verification, Monitoring, reporting and verification, Operational qualification, Performance qualification, Pre-verified, V & V, V&V, V&V: Verification and Validation, Validation and verification, Verfiable, Verification & Validation, Verification and Validation, Verification vs validation, Verified, Verifying.