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The A-League is a professional men's soccer league run by Football Federation Australia (FFA).
Abalone (or; via Spanish abulón, from Rumsen aulón) is a common name for any of a group of small to very large sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Haliotidae.
Aboriginal Australians are legally defined as people who are members "of the Aboriginal race of Australia" (indigenous to mainland Australia or to the island of Tasmania).
The term administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction.
The AFL Grand Final is an annual Australian rules football match, traditionally held on the final Saturday in September or the first Saturday in October at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne, Australia, to determine the Australian Football League (AFL) premiers for that year.
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region.
Alcoa World Alumina and Chemicals is a joint venture between Alumina Limited (40% share) and Alcoa (60% share) and is abbreviated to AWAC.
Altona is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 13 km south-west of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Hobsons Bay local government area.
Anglo-Celtic Australians are Australians whose ancestors originate wholly or partially in the countries of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
The ANZ Championship (also known non-commercially as the Trans-Tasman Netball League) was the premier netball league in Australia and New Zealand.
Ararat is a city in south-west Victoria, Australia, about west of Melbourne, on the Western Highway on the eastern slopes of the Ararat Hills and Cemetery Creek valley between Victoria's Western District and the Wimmera.
Arthurs Seat is a mountainous and small locality on the Mornington Peninsula, within the Shire of Mornington Peninsula, about 75 km south east of Melbourne, Australia, noted for its exclusivity and the general affluence of the demographics which make up the enclave.
The Arts Centre Melbourne, originally known as the Victorian Arts Centre and briefly officially called the Arts Centre, is a performing arts centre consisting of a complex of theatres and concert halls in the Melbourne Arts Precinct, located in the central Melbourne suburb of Southbank in Victoria, Australia.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Atlas of Victorian Birds is a bird atlas, published in 1987, covering the distribution of birds in the Australian state of Victoria.
Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The continent of Australia, sometimes known in technical contexts by the names Sahul, Australinea or Meganesia to distinguish it from the country of Australia, consists of the land masses which sit on Australia's continental shelf.
The Australia Act 1986 is the short title of each of a pair of separate but related pieces of legislation: one an Act of the Commonwealth (i.e. federal) Parliament of Australia, the other an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Australian Aboriginal languages consist of around 290–363 languages belonging to an estimated twenty-eight language families and isolates, spoken by Aboriginal Australians of mainland Australia and a few nearby islands.
The Australian Alps, an interim Australian bioregion, data is the highest mountain range in Australia.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the independent statistical agency of the Government of Australia.
The Australian Football League (AFL) is the pre-eminent professional competition in the sport of Australian rules football in Australia and features only Australian teams.
The Australian Grand Prix is a motor race held annually in Australia currently under contract to host Formula One until 2023.
The Australian Greens (commonly known as The Greens) is a green political party in Australia.
The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two Houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia.
The Australian International Airshow, also called the Avalon Airshow, is a large air show held biennially at Avalon Airport, between Melbourne and Geelong in Victoria.
Australian Jews, or Jewish Australians, are Jews who are Australian citizens or permanent residents of Australia.
The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.
The Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey was a national survey designed to gauge support for legalising same-sex marriage in Australia.
The Australian Masters was an annual golf tournament on the PGA Tour of Australasia held in Victoria, Australia from 1979 to 2015.
The Australian motorcycle Grand Prix is a motorcycling event that is part of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing season.
The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia.
The Australian republic referendum held on 6 November 1999 was a two-question referendum to amend the Constitution of Australia.
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, or simply called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field, often a modified cricket ground.
The Australian Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives.
The Australian Tertiary Admission Rank (ATAR) is the primary criterion for entry into most undergraduate-entry university programs in Australia.
Avalon Airport is the second busiest of the four airports serving Melbourne (in passenger traffic) and is located in Avalon, Victoria, Australia, south-west of the state capital Melbourne and north-east of the city of Geelong.
Bairnsdale is a city in East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia.
Ballarat is a city located on the Yarrowee River in the Central Highlands of Victoria, Australia.
The Ballarat Tramway Museum is an operating tramway museum, located in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.
The Barwon River is a perennial river of the Corangamite catchment, located in The Otways and the Bellarine Peninsula regions of the Australian state of Victoria.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
Bass Strait is a sea strait separating Tasmania from the Australian mainland, specifically the state of Victoria.
Beechworth is a well-preserved historical town located in the north-east of Victoria, Australia, famous for its major growth during the gold rush days of the mid-1850s.
The Bellarine Peninsula is a peninsula located south-west of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, surrounded by Port Phillip, Corio Bay and Bass Strait.
Bells Beach is a coastal locality of Victoria, Australia in Surf Coast Shire and a renowned surf beach, located 100 km south-west of Melbourne, on the Great Ocean Road near the towns of Torquay and Jan Juc.
Bendigo is a city in Victoria, Australia, located very close to the geographical centre of the state and approximately north west of the state capital, Melbourne.
Bianca Lee Chatfield (born 2 April 1982) is an Australian retired netball player.
The Boon wurrung, commonly written Bunurong, are Indigenous Australians of the Kulin nation, who occupy South-Central Victoria, Australia.
Boundary Islet, historically known as North East Islet, part of the Hogan Island Group, is a islet that straddles the border of the Australian states of Victoria and Tasmania.
The Brataualung were an Indigenous Australian people, one of the five tribes of Gippsland, in the state of Victoria, Australia, and part of a wider regional grouping known as the Kurnai.
Bright (pronunciation) is a town in northeastern Victoria, Australia, 319 metres above sea level at the southeastern end of the Ovens Valley.
The Buchan Caves are a group of limestone caves that include the Royal Cave and the Fairy Cave, located south-west of, in the East Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Buckland riot was an anti-Chinese race riot that occurred on 4 July 1857, in the goldfields of the Buckland Valley, Victoria, Australia, near present-day Porepunkah.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
The Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) is an Executive Agency of the Australian Government responsible for providing weather services to Australia and surrounding areas.
Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.
The Campaspe River, an inland intermittent river of the northcentral catchment, part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the lower Riverina bioregion and Central Highlands and Wimmera regions of the Australian state of Victoria.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
Cape Howe is a coastal headland in eastern Australia, forming the south-eastern end of the Black-Allan Line, a portion of the border between New South Wales and Victoria.
The Carlton Football Club, nicknamed the Blues, is a professional Australian rules football club based in Melbourne, Victoria.
Castlemaine is a small city in Victoria, Australia, in the goldfields region of Victoria about 120 kilometres northwest by road from Melbourne and about 40 kilometres from the major provincial centre of Bendigo.
Caulfield Racecourse is one of Melbourne, Australia's best-known horse-racing tracks.
CFCL Australia (CFCLA) is an Australian locomotive and rolling stock leasing company operating in the rail freight market.
Charles Joseph La Trobe, CB (or Latrobe; 20 March 18014 December 1875) was appointed in 1839 superintendent of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales and, after the establishment in 1851 of the colony of Victoria (now a state of Australia), he became its first lieutenant-governor.
Church attendance is a central religious practice for many Christians; some Christian denominations, such as the Catholic Church require church attendance on the Lord's Day (Sunday); the Westminster Confession of Faith is held by the Reformed Churches and teaches first-day Sabbatarianism, thus proclaiming the duty of public worship in keeping with the Ten Commandments.
Colac is a small city in the Western District of Victoria, Australia, approximately 150 kilometres south-west of Melbourne on the southern shore of Lake Colac and the surrounding volcanic plains, approximately inland from Bass Strait.
The Collingwood Football Club, nicknamed the Magpies or less formally the Pies, is an Australian rules football club which plays in the Australian Football League (AFL).
The common seadragon or weedy seadragon (Phyllopteryx taeniolatus) is a marine fish related to the seahorse.
Connex Melbourne was a train operator in Melbourne, Australia.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.
Corinella is a town in Victoria, Australia, located 114 km south-east of Melbourne via the M1 and the Bass Highway, on the eastern shore of Western Port.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Australia at international, domestic and local levels.
The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.
The Australian Poker Championship, commonly known as Aussie Millions, is a series of poker tournaments held at the Crown Casino, in Melbourne, Australia.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
CSL Limited is a global specialty biotechnology company that researches, develops, manufactures, and markets products to treat and prevent serious human medical conditions.
The Dandenong Ranges (commonly just The Dandenongs) are a set of low mountain ranges, rising to 633 metres at Mount Dandenong, approximately east of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Daniel Michael Andrews (born 6 July 1972) is an Australian politician who is the 48th Premier of Victoria, a post he has held since 2014.
Captain Daniel Woodriff (17 November 1756 – 25 February 1842) was a British Royal Navy officer and navigator in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century.
Colonel David Collins (3 March 1756 – 24 March 1810) was a British administrator of Britain's first Australian colonies.
Daylesford is a spa town located in the foothills of the Great Dividing Range, within the Shire of Hepburn, Victoria, Australia, approximately 108 kilometres north-west of Melbourne.
The choice of whether to use daylight saving time (DST) in Australia is a matter for the individual states and territories.
In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.
This article provides information on the industrial sector in Victoria (Australia) that supplies goods and services to defence and military customers (national governments) and associated supply chain.
Djadjawurrung or Dja Dja Wurrung, also known as the Jaara or Jajowrong people and Loddon River tribe, is a native Aboriginal tribe which occupied the watersheds of the Loddon and Avoca rivers in the Bendigo region of central Victoria, Australia.
Docklands (also known as Melbourne Docklands to differentiate it from London Docklands) is an inner-western suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 2 km (1.2 mi) from Melbourne's Central Business District.
Drysdale is a rural township near Geelong, Victoria, Australia, located on the Bellarine Peninsula.
The early 1990s recession saw a period of economic downturn affect much of the world in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
The early 2009 southeastern Australia heat wave was a heat wave that commenced in late January and led to record-breaking prolonged high temperatures in the region.
The East End Theatre District is a precinct within the Melbourne city centre, and is bounded by Spring Street, Flinders Street, Swanston Street, and Lonsdale Street.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Echuca is a town located on the banks of the Murray River and Campaspe River in Victoria, Australia.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
Edward Henty (28 March 1810 – 14 August 1878), Bassett, Marnie, '', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 1, Melbourne University Press, 1966, pp 531-534, Retrieved 2009-09-27 was a pioneer and first permanent settler in the Port Phillip district (later Victoria), Australia.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Epacris impressa, also known as common heath, is a plant of the heath family, Ericaceae, that is native to southeast Australia (the states of Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and New South Wales).
Essendon Airport is a public airport serving scheduled commercial, corporate-jet, charter and general aviation flights.
The Essendon Football Club is a professional Australian rules football club which plays in the Australian Football League (AFL), the sport's premier competition.
The Eureka Rebellion was a rebellion in 1854, instigated by gold miners in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, who revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom.
Eureka Tower is a skyscraper located in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The Falls Creek Alpine Resort is an alpine ski resort in the Hume region in northeastern Victoria, Australia.
The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.
Flemington Racecourse is a major horse racing venue located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The Ford Motor Company of Australia Limited, known by its trading name Ford Australia, is the Australian subsidiary of United States-based automaker Ford Motor Company.
Formula One (also Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and owned by the Formula One Group.
Geelong is a port city located on Corio Bay and the Barwon River, in the state of Victoria, Australia.Geelong is south-west of the state capital, Melbourne.
The Geelong Football Club, nicknamed the Cats, is a professional Australian rules football club based in the city of Geelong, Australia and playing in the Australian Football League (AFL).
Gippsland is an economic rural region of Victoria, Australia, located in the south-eastern part of that state.
The Gippsland Lakes are a network of lakes, marshes and lagoons in east Gippsland, Victoria, Australia covering an area of about.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
The Goulburn River, a major inland perennial river of the Goulburn Broken catchment, part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the alpine, Northern Country/North Central, and Southern Riverina regions of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Governor of Victoria is the representative in the Australian state of Victoria of its monarch, Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia and is one of the Governors of the Australian states.
The governors of the Australian states are the representatives of Australia's monarch in each of Australia's six states.
The Grampians National Park (also Gariwerd), commonly referred to as The Grampians, is a national park located in the Grampians region of Victoria, Australia.
Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier class of motorcycle racing events held on road circuits sanctioned by FIM.
The Great Dividing Range, or the Eastern Highlands, is Australia's most substantial mountain range and the third longest land-based range in the world.
The Great Ocean Road is an Australian National Heritage listed stretch of road along the south-eastern coast of Australia between the Victorian cities of Torquay and Allansford.
The Great Otway National Park, located in the Barwon South West region of Victoria, Australia.
Great Southern Rail (GSR) is an Australian interstate passenger train operator.
Greek Australians (Ελληνοαυστραλοί) comprise Australian citizens who have full or partial Greek heritage or people who sought asylum as refugees after the Greek Civil War or emigrated from Greece and reside in Australia.
Gross regional domestic product (GRDP) or gross domestic product of region (GDPR) is a subnational gross domestic product for measuring the size of that region's economy.
The Gunai or Kurnai, often now referred to as the Gunaikurnai, is an Indigenous Australian nation of south-east Australia whose territory occupies most of present-day Gippsland and much of the southern slopes of the Victorian Alps.
The Gunditjmara, also known as the Dhauwurd wurrung, are an Indigenous Australian people of southwestern Victoria.
Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O.
Hamilton Airport is located north of Hamilton, Victoria, Australia.
Hamilton is a large town in south-western Victoria, Australia, at the intersection of the Glenelg Highway and the Henty Highway.
The Hawthorn Football Club, nicknamed the Hawks, is a professional Australian rules football club in the Australian Football League (AFL).
The Hazelwood Power Station is a decommissioned brown coal-fuelled thermal power station located in the Latrobe Valley of Victoria, Australia.
Healesville Sanctuary, formally known as the Sir Colin MacKenzie Sanctuary, is a zoo specialising in native Australian animals.
The helmeted honeyeater (Lichenostomus melanops cassidix) is a passerine bird in the honeyeater family.
The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia.
Hinduism is a major religion in Australia consisting of more than 440,300 followers, making up 1.9% of the population as of the 2016 census, up from 275,000 individuals representing 1.3% of the total Australian population according to the 2011 census (up from 148,119 in the 2006 census).
The history of Australia from 1788–1850 covers the early colonial period of Australia's history, from the arrival in 1788 of the First Fleet of British ships at Sydney, New South Wales, who established the penal colony, the scientific exploration of the continent and later, establishment of other Australian colonies and the beginnings of representative democratic government.
Holden, formally known as General Motors Holden, is an Australian automobile importer and a former automobile manufacturer with its headquarters in Port Melbourne, Victoria.
Hopetoun is a town which serves as the major service centre for the Southern Mallee area of Victoria, Australia.
The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts into the Guardafui Channel, lying along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden and the southwest Red Sea.
Horsham (locally) is a regional city in the Wimmera region of western Victoria, Australia.
Immigration to Australia began when the ancestors of Australian Aborigines arrived on the continent via the islands of Maritime Southeast Asia and New Guinea.
Indented Head is a small coastal township located on the Bellarine Peninsula, east of Geelong, in the Australian state of Victoria.
Islam in Australia is a minority religious affiliation.
Italian Australians comprise the sixth largest ethnic group in Australia, with the 2016 census finding 4.6% of the population (1,000,013 people) claiming ancestry from Italy be they migrants to Australia or their descendants born in Australia of Italian heritage.
Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
John Batman (21 January 18016 May 1839) was an Australian grazier, entrepreneur and explorer.
John Monash Science School is a state government coeducational specialist selective school in Victoria, Australia.
John Pascoe Fawkner (20 October 1792 – 4 September 1869) was an early pioneer, businessman and politician of Melbourne, Australia.
Julie Corletto (née Prendergast; born 10 October 1986) is an Australian international netball player.
Kaolinite is a clay mineral, part of the group of industrial minerals, with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4.
Kiewa River, a perennial river that is part of the Murray catchment within the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the Alpine bioregion, in the Australian state of Victoria.
The King River, a perennial river of the North-East Murray catchment of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the alpine and Hume regions of Victoria, Australia.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kulin nation is an alliance of five Indigenous Australian tribes in south central Victoria, Australia.
The Lambing Flat Riots (1860-1861) were a series of violent anti-Chinese demonstrations that took place in the Burrangong region, in New South Wales, Australia.
The Latrobe River (or sometimes La Trobe or LaTrobe) is a perennial river of the West Gippsland catchment, located in the West Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Latrobe Valley is an inland geographical district and urban area of the Gippsland region in the state of Victoria, Australia.
Laverton is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 17 km south-west of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Cities of Hobsons Bay and Wyndham local government areas.
The Leadbeater's possum (Gymnobelideus leadbeateri) is a critically endangered possum largely restricted to small pockets of alpine ash, mountain ash, and snow gum forests in the Central Highlands of Victoria, Australia, north-east of Melbourne.
The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP).
Lignite, often referred to as brown coal, is a soft, brown, combustible, sedimentary rock formed from naturally compressed peat.
Linda Marion Dessau (born 8 May 1953) has been the Governor of Victoria since 1 July 2015.
This is a list of airports in Australia.
This is the most recent list of Australian states and territories by gross state product (GSP) and GSP per capita.
The highways in Victoria are the highest density in any state in Australia.
This is a list of least carbon efficient power stations in selected countries.
This is a list of locality names and populated place names in the state of Victoria, Australia, outside the Melbourne metropolitan area.
There are 43 universities in Australia: 40 public universities, two international universities, and one private university.
The little penguin (Eudyptula minor) is the smallest species of penguin.
This is a list of local government areas (LGAs) in Victoria, sorted by region.
The Loddon River, an inland river of the northcentral catchment, part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the lower Riverina bioregion and Central Highlands and Loddon Mallee regions of the Australian state of Victoria.
Lorne is a seaside town on Louttit Bay in Victoria, Australia.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The Mac.Robertson Girls' High School (also known simply as Mac.Rob or MGHS) is an academically selective, public high school for gifted students, located in the city of Melbourne, Australia.
Madison Robinson (née Browne; born 5 January 1988) is an Australian international netball player in the Suncorp Super Netball league, playing for the Collingwood Magpies.
Maldon is a town in Victoria, Australia, in the Shire of Mount Alexander local government area.
The Mallee is an ill-defined district, sometimes incorrectly referred to as an economic region, of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Maribyrnong River is a perennial river of the Port Phillip catchment, located in the northwestern suburbs of Melbourne, in the Australian state of Victoria.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Melbourne Airport, colloquially known as Tullamarine Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Melbourne, and the second busiest airport in Australia.
The Athenaeum or Melbourne Athenaeum is one of the oldest public institutions in Victoria, Australia, founded in 1839.
Melbourne City Centre (also known colloquially as simply "The City" or "The CBD") is an area of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Melbourne City Football Club is an Australian professional soccer club based in Melbourne, Victoria.
The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), also known simply as "The G", is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park, Melbourne, Victoria.
The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most prestigious annual Thoroughbred horse race.
The Melbourne Football Club, nicknamed the Demons, is a professional Australian rules football club, playing in the Australian Football League (AFL).
Melbourne High School is a selective-entry state school for boys in years 9 to 12 located in the Melbourne suburb of South Yarra.
Melbourne Museum is a natural and cultural history museum located in the Carlton Gardens in Melbourne, Australia.
The Melbourne Rebels (formerly known as the RaboDirect Melbourne Rebels for sponsorship reasons) are a professional rugby union team based in Melbourne.
The Melbourne Renegades is an Australian professional men's Twenty20 cricket team based in the Australian state, Victoria.
The Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival is the name of an Australian Thoroughbred horse racing series held annually in Melbourne during October and November.
The Melbourne Stars is an Australian Twenty20 cricket team based in Melbourne, Victoria that competes in Australia's Twenty20 competition, the Big Bash League.
The Melbourne Storm are a rugby league team based in Melbourne, Victoria in Australia, that participate in the National Rugby League.
Melbourne United is an Australian professional basketball team based in Melbourne, Victoria.
Melbourne Victory Football Club is an Australian professional soccer club based in Melbourne, Victoria.
The Melbourne Vixens is an Australian netball team in Melbourne which competes in the Suncorp Super Netball league.
The Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, commonly referred as the Melbourne Zoo and simply as the Zoo among locals, is a zoological park in Melbourne, Australia.
Metro Trains Melbourne, known colloquially as simply Metro, is the franchised operator of the suburban railway network in Melbourne, Australia.
Mildura is a regional city in north-west Victoria, Australia.
Mildura Airport is located southwest of Mildura, Victoria, Australia.
The miner's licence or sandstormer's licence was the colonial government's response to the need to provide infrastructure including policing during the Australian gold rushes.
Mining in Australia is a significant primary industry and contributor to the Australian economy.
Mitta Mitta River, a perennial river and a direct tributary of the Murray River within the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the alpine district of Victoria, Australia.
The monarchy of Australia is a form of government in which a hereditary king or queen serves as the nation's sovereign.
Monash University is a public research university based in Melbourne, Australia.
Moorabbin (Harry Hawker) Airport is a general aviation airport for light aircraft located in between the southern Melbourne suburbs of Heatherton, Cheltenham, Dingley Village and Mentone.
The Mornington Peninsula is a peninsula located south-east of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The Mornington Standard was a weekly newspaper, circulating in the Frankston, Mornington, Dromana and Somerville areas of Victoria, Australia from 1889 to 1939.
Mount Bogong,, located in the Alpine National Park and part of the Victorian Alps of the Great Dividing Range, is the highest mountain in Victoria, Australia, at above sea level.
Mount Hotham is a mountain in the Victorian Alps of the Great Dividing Range, located in the Australian state of Victoria.
The Murray River (or River MurrayIn South Australia, the rendition "River Murray" is the most common, as is "River Darling" and "River Torrens".) (Ngarrindjeri: Millewa, Yorta Yorta: Tongala) is Australia's longest river, at in length.
The former Victorian Railways, the state railway authority in Victoria, Australia, built a number of experimental narrow-gauge lines around the beginning of the 20th century.
The National Basketball League (NBL) is the pre-eminent professional men's basketball league in Australia and New Zealand.
The National Gallery of Victoria, popularly known as the NGV, is an art museum in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The National Party of Australia (also known as The Nationals or simply, The Nats) is an Australian political party.
The National Rugby League (NRL) is a league of professional men's rugby league teams in Australasia.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Netball is a ball sport played by two teams of seven players.
New Holland (Nieuw Holland; Nova Hollandia) is a historical European name for mainland Australia.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
The New South Wales XPT (short for Express Passenger Train) is the main long-distance passenger train operated by NSW TrainLink on regional railway services in New South Wales, Australia from Sydney to Dubbo, Grafton, and Casino as well as interstate destinations, Brisbane and Melbourne.
The New Zealand Wars were a series of armed conflicts that took place in New Zealand from 1845 to 1872 between the New Zealand government and the Māori.
Sir Ninian Martin Stephen (15 June 1923 – 29 October 2017) was an Australian judge who served as the 20th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1982 to 1989.
The North Melbourne Football Club, nicknamed the Kangaroos or less formally the Roos, the Kangas or North, is the fourth oldest Australian rules football club in the Australian Football League (AFL) and is one of the oldest sporting clubs in Australia and the world.
Nossal High School, also referred to as Nossal or NHS, is a selective-entry government school in Australia for students in years 9-12.
NSW TrainLink is an Australian brand for the medium and long distance passenger rail and coach services in New South Wales.
Omeo is a town in Victoria, Australia on the Great Alpine Road, east of Mount Hotham, in the Shire of East Gippsland.
The Ovens River, a perennial river of the north-east Murray catchment, part of the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the alpine and Hume regions of the Australian state of Victoria.
Pacific National is one of Australia's largest rail freight businesses.
Parliament House is the meeting place of the Parliament of Victoria, one of the parliaments of the Australian states and territories.
The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament; also known as the Commonwealth Parliament or just Parliament) is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.
The Parliament of Victoria is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Patterson River is a partly man-made urban river of the Port Phillip catchment, located in the south-eastern Greater Melbourne region of the Australian state of Victoria.
Per capita is a Latin prepositional phrase: per (preposition, taking the accusative case, meaning "by means of") and capita (accusative plural of the noun caput, "head").
Phillip Island is an Australian island about south-southeast of Melbourne, Victoria.
The Phillip Island Grand Prix Circuit is a motor racing circuit located near Ventnor, on Phillip Island, Victoria, Australia.
The Point Henry aluminium smelter was located near Geelong, Victoria in the suburb of Moolap prior to its closure in 2014.
In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.
A population pyramid, also called an "age-sex pyramid", is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.
Port Fairy is a coastal town in south-western Victoria, Australia.
The Port Fairy Folk Festival is a popular annual four-day music festival based in the historic fishing village of Port Fairy in Victoria, Australia.
The Port of Geelong is located on the shores of Corio Bay at Geelong, Victoria, Australia.
The Port of Melbourne is one of the largest ports for containerised and general cargo in Australia.
Port Phillip (also commonly referred to as Port Phillip Bay or (locally) just The Bay), is a large bay in southern Victoria, Australia; it is the location of Melbourne.
The Port Phillip District was a historical administrative division of the Colony of New South Wales, which existed from September 1836 until 1 July 1851, when it was separated from New South Wales and became the Colony of Victoria.
Portarlington is a historic coastal township located on the Bellarine Peninsula, 28 km from the city of Geelong, in the state of Victoria, Australia.
Portland Airport is located within the locality of Cashmore, northwest of Portland, Victoria, Australia.
The Portland aluminium smelter is located at Portland, Victoria, Australia.
Portland is a small city in Victoria, Australia, and is the oldest European settlement in the state.
Portsea is a town in the outer south-east of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
The Premier of Victoria is the Head of government in the Australian state of Victoria.
Victoria is the smallest mainland state in Australia.
The Puffing Billy Railway is a narrow gauge heritage railway in the Dandenong Ranges in Melbourne, Australia.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Queenscliff Music Festival is a live music festival held in the town of Queenscliff, located on the Bellarine Peninsula, Victoria, Australia.
Queenscliff is a small town on the Bellarine Peninsula in southern Victoria, Australia, south of Swan Bay at the entrance to Port Phillip.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Rail transport in Victoria, Australia, is provided by a number of railway operators who operate over the government-owned railway lines.
Renae Ingles (née Hallinan) (born 18 July 1986 in Melbourne, Australia) is an Australian former international netballer.
Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
The Richmond Football Club, nicknamed the Tigers, is a professional Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League (AFL), the sport's premier competition.
Victoria has the highest density of roads of any state in Australia.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Sandown Racecourse, now known as Ladbrokes Park is a Thoroughbred horse racing race track administered by the Melbourne Racing Club in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Sandown International Raceway is a motor racing circuit in the suburb of Springvale in Melbourne, Victoria, approximately south east of the city centre.
Scienceworks is a world-renowned science museum in Melbourne, Australia.
Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is a Southern Ocean and Antarctic aquarium in central Melbourne, Australia.
A selective school is a school that admits students on the basis of some sort of selection criteria, usually academic.
Self-governance, self-government, or autonomy, is an abstract concept that applies to several scales of organization.
In the British Empire, a self-governing colony was a colony with an elected government in which elected rulers were able to make most decisions without referring to the colonial power with nominal control of the colony.
Sharelle Jane McMahon (born 12 August 1977) is an Australian former netball player who captained the Australia national netball team.
The Sheffield Shield is the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia.
Shepparton is a city located on the floodplain of the Goulburn River in northern Victoria, Australia, approximately north-northeast of Melbourne.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
The single transferable vote (STV) is a voting system designed to achieve proportional representation through ranked voting in multi-seat organizations or constituencies (voting districts).
Skiing in Victoria, Australia takes place in the Australian Alps located in the State of Victoria during the southern hemisphere winter.
The Snowy River is a major river in south-eastern Australia.
Sorrento is a coastal township in Victoria, Australia, located on the shores of Port Phillip on the Mornington Peninsula, about one and a half hours by car south of Melbourne.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
Southbank is an inner urban neighbourhood of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1 km south of the Melbourne central business district.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica.
Spiny lobsters, also known as langustas, langouste, or rock lobsters, are a family (Palinuridae) of about 60 species of achelate crustaceans, in the Decapoda Reptantia.
The St Kilda Football Club, nicknamed the Saints, is an Australian rules football club based in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
St Kilda is an inner suburb (neighbourhood) of the metropolitan area of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 6 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District.
A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.
State Library Victoria is the central library of the state of Victoria, Australia, located in Melbourne.
State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.
Australia (officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories.
The Stawell Gift is Australia's oldest and richest short distance running race.
Sullivan Bay lies 60 km due south of Melbourne on Port Phillip, one kilometre east of Sorrento, Victoria.
Super Rugby is a professional men's rugby union football competition in the Southern Hemisphere and Japan.
Superbike World Championship (also known as SBK, World Superbike, WSB, or WSBK) is the worldwide Superbike racing Championship.
The Supercars Championship (known as the Virgin Australia Supercars Championship for sponsorship purposes) is a touring car racing category based in Australia and run as an International Series under Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) regulations.
Suzanne Cory High School (abbreviated as SCHS) is a Year 9 to 12 selective entry, co-educational, public school in the western region of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Swan Hill is a city in the northwest of Victoria, Australia on the Murray Valley Highway and on the south bank of the Murray River, downstream from the junction of the Loddon River.
The Tasman Sea (Māori: Te Tai-o-Rehua) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean, situated between Australia and New Zealand.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
The Taungurong people, also known as the Daung Wurrung, were thirteen clans who spoke the Daungwurrung language and were part of the Kulin alliance of indigenous Australians.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
The Advertiser is a conservative, daily tabloid-format newspaper published in the city of Adelaide, South Australia.
The Argus was a morning daily newspaper in Melbourne, Australia that was established in 1846 and closed in 1957.
The Overland is an Australian passenger train service between Melbourne and Adelaide.
The Twelve Apostles is a collection of limestone stacks off the shore of the Port Campbell National Park, by the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia.
Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey (11 February 1836 – 23 February 1918) was a British Liberal Party politician, Governor of Victoria and founder of The Naval Annual.
The Thomson River, a perennial river of the West Gippsland catchment, is located in the Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria.
Tidal River is a locality in Wilsons Promontory National Park, Wilsons Promontory, Victoria, Australia.
Australia uses three main time zones: Australian Western Standard Time (AWST; UTC+08:00), Australian Central Standard Time (ACST; UTC+09:30), and Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST; UTC+10:00).
Torquay is a seaside resort in Victoria, Australia, which faces Bass Strait, 21 km south of Geelong and is the gateway to the Great Ocean Road.
Torrens title is a land registration and land transfer system, in which a state creates and maintains a register of land holdings, which serves as the conclusive evidence (termed "indefeasibility") of title of the person recorded on the register as the proprietor (owner), and of all other interests recorded on the register.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
Toyota Australia is a subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation, which is based in Japan.
Trams are a major form of public transport in Melbourne, the capital city of the state of Victoria, Australia.
The Tramway Museum Society of Victoria was founded in 1962 with the aim of establishing an operational tramway museum.
Traralgon is a city located in the east of the Latrobe Valley in the Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia.
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country.
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
UTC+10:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +10.
UTC+11:00 is an identifier for an +11 hour time offset from UTC.
V/Line is a government-owned corporation that operates the regional passenger train and coach services in Victoria, Australia.
Vicmap Topographic Map Series is a series of topographic maps covering the State of Victoria, Australia.
The Victoria cricket team, who were until 2018 named Victorian Bushrangers, is an Australian first class cricket team based in Melbourne, Victoria.
The Victorian Alps, an extensive mountain range that forms the southern part of the Australian Alps located in the Australian state of Victoria, is part of the Great Dividing Range, an Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA) sub-bioregion of approximately, and an administrative sub-region bordering the Gippsland and Hume regions.
The Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning (VCAL) is a 'hands-on' option for students in Years 11 and 12 and is a credential awarded to secondary school students who successfully complete year 11 and 12 in the Australian State of Victoria.
The Victorian Certificate of Education or VCE is one credential available to secondary school students who successfully complete year 11 and 12 in the Australian state of Victoria.
The Victorian gold rush was a period in the history of Victoria, Australia approximately between 1851 and the late 1860s.
The Victorian Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Victoria in Australia; the upper house being the Victorian Legislative Council.
The Victorian Legislative Council (VLC) is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Victoria, Australia; the lower house being the Legislative Assembly.
The 2014 Victorian state election, held on Saturday, 29 November 2014, was for the 58th Parliament of Victoria.
Victorian wine is wine made in the Australian state of Victoria.
Vietnamese Australians (Người Úc gốc Việt) are Australians of Vietnamese ancestry, or people who migrated to Australia from Vietnam.
Wangaratta is a cathedral city in the northeast of Victoria, Australia, approximately from Melbourne along the Hume Highway.
Warrnambool is a regional centre and former port city on the south-western coast of Victoria, Australia.
Wathaurong, also called the Wathaurung and Wadawurrung, are an Indigenous Australian tribe living in the area near Melbourne, Geelong and the Bellarine Peninsula.
The Welcome Stranger is the biggest alluvial gold nugget found, which had a calculated refined weight of 3,123 oz (214.1 lbs) 6 dwts 9 grPotter, Terry F. (1999) The Welcome Stranger: a definitive account of the worlds largest alluvial gold nugget.
Werribee Open Range Zoo is an African themed zoo in Werribee, about south-west of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Werribee is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 32 km south-west of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Wyndham local government area.
The Western Bulldogs (formerly the Footscray Football Club) is a professional Australian rules football club that competes in the Australian Football League (AFL), the sport's premier competition.
The Western District comprises western regions of the Australian state of Victoria.
Western Port, commonly but unofficially known as Western Port Bay, is a large tidal bay in southern Victoria, Australia, opening into Bass Strait.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
The Wilsons Promontory, also known by the Aboriginal names Yiruk or Wamoon, is a peninsula that forms the southernmost part of the Australian mainland, located in the state of Victoria.
The Wilsons Promontory National Park, commonly known as Wilsons Prom or The Prom, is a national park in the Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia, located approximately southeast of Melbourne.
The Wimmera is a region of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Wimmera River, an inland intermittent river of the Wimmera catchment, is located in the Grampians and Wimmera regions of the Australian state of Victoria.
Winton Motor Raceway is a motor racing track in Winton, near Benalla, Victoria, Australia.
Wodonga is a city on the Victorian side of the border with New South Wales, north-east of Melbourne, Australia.
The World Surf League (WSL) is the governing body for professional surfers and is dedicated to showcasing the world’s best talent in a variety of progressive formats.
The Wurundjeri are a people of the Indigenous Australian nation of the Wurundjeri language group, in the Kulin alliance.
The Yarra River or historically, the Yarra Yarra River, (Aboriginal: Berrern, Birr-arrung, Bay-ray-rung, Birarang, Birrarung, and Wongete) is a perennial river in east-central Victoria, Australia.
Yarra Trams is the trading name of the tram network in Melbourne, which is owned by VicTrack and leased to Yarra Trams by Public Transport Victoria on behalf of the Government of Victoria.
The Yarra Valley is the name given to the region surrounding the Yarra River in Victoria, Australia.
The Yorta Yorta, also known as Jotijota, are an indigenous Australian people who have traditionally inhabited the area surrounding the junction of the Goulburn and Murray Rivers in present-day north-eastern Victoria and southern New South Wales.
The meridian 135° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Australasia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, in November–December 1956, apart from the equestrian events, which were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden.
The 2003 Melbourne thunderstorm was a severe weather event that occurred over the city of Melbourne, Australia, and surrounding areas of Victoria, from 1 to 6 December 2003.
The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, were an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006.
Railways with track gauge of are broad gauge railways, currently in use in Australia, Brazil, Ireland and Northern Ireland.
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