245 relations: Academy ratio, Active shutter 3D system, Ampex, Analog signal, Analog television, Argentina, Asia, Aspect ratio, Aspect ratio (image), ATSC standards, AVCHD, Avco, Bandicam, Bandwidth (signal processing), BBC, Betacam, Betamax, Blu-ray, Brazil, Broadcasting, Cable television, Canada, Capacitance Electronic Disc, Cartrivision, Cathode ray tube, Cave automatic virtual environment, CCIR System A, CCIR System B, CCIR System G, CCIR System H, CCIR System I, CCIR System M, Central Africa, Charles Ginsburg, China Blue High-definition Disc, Chroma subsampling, Chrominance, Closed-circuit television, Color depth, Color model, Color space, Color television, Compact Video Cassette, Component video, Composite video, Computer display standard, Computer file, Consumer, Copying, D-1 (Sony), ..., D-2 (video), D-3 (video), D-Terminal, D-VHS, D5 HD, D6 HDTV VTR, Data storage, Deinterlacing, Digital broadcasting, Digital cinematography, Digital data, Digital intermediate, Digital multimedia broadcasting, Digital television, Digital television transition, Digital video, Digital Video Broadcasting, Digital Visual Interface, Digital-S, Digital8, Display Data Channel, Display device, Display resolution, DisplayPort, DV, DVD, DVD Forum, Dynamic range, EIA standards, EIAJ-1, Electronics, Enhanced Versatile Disc, Europe, Field-sequential color system, File system, Film, Fisher-Price, Flat panel display, Frame rate, France, Fulldome, Funai, Gamut, Group of pictures, H.261, H.263, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, HD DVD, HDCAM, HDMI, HDV, High Efficiency Video Coding, Image, Image compression, Index of video-related articles, Inter frame, Interactive video, Interlaced video, International Organization for Standardization, International Video Corporation, Intra-frame coding, ISDB, ISDB-T International, ITU-T, IVC videotape format, Japan, JVC, Kinescope, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Korea, LaserDisc, LCD television, Legacy system, Line doubler, List of video connectors, Live television, Luma (video), Magnetic tape, Marconi Company, MCA Inc., Mechanical television, Media (communication), Mexico, MicroMV, Motion compensation, Motion JPEG, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding, Multiplexed Analogue Components, NEC, NTSC, Oceania, Ogg, Optical disc, PAL, PAL-M, PALplus, Peak signal-to-noise ratio, Persistence of vision, Personal computer, Philips, Phone connector (audio), Phonovision, Pixel, Polarization (waves), Professional Disc, Professional video camera, Progressive scan, ProHD, PXL-2000, Quadruplex videotape, Radio broadcasting, Rec. 601, Recording format, Rectangle, Redundancy (information theory), Refresh rate, Robert Bosch GmbH, S-VHS, S-Video, Satellite television, Scan line, SCART, Screencast, SECAM, Serial digital interface, Smartphone, Snapchat, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Sony, Sony HDVS, Sound recording and reproduction, Soviet Union, Stereoscopy, Streaming media, Subjective video quality, Tapeless production, Technology, Teldec, Telecine, Telefunken, Television, Television Electronic Disc, Television show, Theora, Timecode, Toshiba, Type A videotape, Type B videotape, Type C videotape, U-matic, Uncompressed video, United States, Universal Media Disc, VC-1, Versatile Multilayer Disc, Vertical video, VGA connector, VHS, VHS-C, Video 2000, Video art, Video Cassette Recording, Video clip, Video codec, Video coding format, Video editing, Video feedback, Video file format, Video Graphics Array, Video High Density, Video production, Video projector, Video quality, Video sender, Video synthesizer, Video tape recorder, Videocassette recorder, Videography, Videotape, Videotelephony, Virtual reality, Vision Electronic Recording Apparatus, VP8, W-VHS, WebM, YCbCr, YDbDr, YIQ, YUV, 3D film, 480p, 8 mm video format. Expand index (195 more) » « Shrink index
The Academy ratio of 1.375:1 (abbreviated as 1.37:1) is an aspect ratio of a frame of 35mm film when used with 4-perf pulldown.
An active shutter 3D system (a.k.a. alternate frame sequencing, alternate image, AI, alternating field, field sequential or eclipse method) is a technique of displaying stereoscopic 3D images.
Ampex is an American electronics company founded in 1944 by Alexander M. Poniatoff.
An analog signal is any continuous signal for which the time varying feature (variable) of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity, i.e., analogous to another time varying signal.
Analog television or analogue television is the original television technology that uses analog signals to transmit video and audio.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.
The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height.
Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) standards are a set of standards for digital television transmission over terrestrial, cable, and satellite networks.
AVCHD (Advanced Video Coding High Definition) is a file-based format for the digital recording and playback of high-definition video.
Avco Corporation is a subsidiary of Textron which operates Textron Systems Corporation and Lycoming.
Bandicam is a screen capture and screen recording utility originally developed by Bandisoft and later by Bandicam Company that can take screenshots or record screen changes.
Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videocassette products developed by Sony in 1982.
Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.
Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Capacitance Electronic Disc (CED) is an analog video disc playback system developed by RCA, in which video and audio could be played back on a TV set using a special needle and high-density groove system similar to phonograph records.
Cartrivision is an analog videocassette format introduced in 1972, and the first format to offer feature films for consumer rental.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
A cave automatic virtual environment (better known by the recursive acronym CAVE) is an immersive virtual reality environment where projectors are directed to between three and six of the walls of a room-sized cube.
CCIR System A was the 405 line analog broadcast television system broadcast in the UK and Ireland.
CCIR System B was the 625-line analog broadcast television system which at its peak was the system used in most countries.
CCIR System G is an analog broadcast television system used in many countries.
CCIR System H is an analog broadcast television system primarily used in Belgium, the Balkans and Malta on the UHF bands.
CCIR System I is an analog broadcast television system.
CCIR (or FCC) System M, sometimes called 525 line, is the analog broadcast television system used in the United States since July 1, 1941, and also in most of the Americas and Caribbean, South Korea, and Taiwan.
Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
Charles Paulson Ginsburg (July 27, 1920 – April 9, 1992) was an engineer and the leader of a research team at Ampex which developed one of the first practical videotape recorders.
China Blue High-Definition (CBHD;; alternatively "China High Definition DVD") is a high definition optical disc format announced in September 2007 by the Optical Memory National Engineering Research Center (OMNERC) of Tsinghua University in China.
Chroma subsampling is the practice of encoding images by implementing less resolution for chroma information than for luma information, taking advantage of the human visual system's lower acuity for color differences than for luminance.
Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the accompanying luma signal (or Y for short).
Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
A color model is an abstract mathematical model describing the way colors can be represented as tuples of numbers, typically as three or four values or color components.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
Color/Colour television is a television transmission technology that includes information on the color of the picture, so the video image can be displayed in color on the television set.
Compact Video Cassette (CVC) was one of the first analog recording videocassette formats to use a tape smaller than its earlier predecessors of VHS and Betamax, and was developed by Funai Electronics of Japan for portable use.
Component video is a video signal that has been split into two or more component channels.
Composite video (one channel) is an analog video transmission (without audio) that carries standard definition video typically at 480i or 576i resolution.
Computer display standards are a combination of aspect ratio, display size, display resolution, color depth, and refresh rate.
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
Copying is the duplication of information or an artifact based only on an instance of that information or artifact, and not using the process that originally generated it.
D-1 or 4:2:2 Component Digital is a SMPTE digital recording video standard, introduced in 1986 through efforts by SMPTE engineering committees.
D-2 is a professional digital videocassette format created by Ampex and introduced at the 1988 NAB (National Association of Broadcasters) convention as a composite video alternative to the component video D-1 format.
D-3 is an uncompressed composite digital video videocassette format invented at NHK, and introduced commercially by Panasonic in 1991 to compete with Ampex's D-2.
A D-Terminal or D-tanshi (Ｄ端子) is a type of analog video connector found on Japanese consumer electronics, typically HDTV, DVD, Blu-ray, D-VHS and HD DVD devices.
D-VHS is a digital video recording format developed by JVC, in collaboration with Hitachi, Matsushita, and Philips.
D-5 is a professional digital video format introduced by Panasonic in 1994.
D6 HDTV VTR is SMPTE videocassette standard.
Data storage is the recording (storing) of information (data) in a storage medium.
Deinterlacing is the process of converting interlaced video, such as common analog television signals or 1080i format HDTV signals, into a non-interlaced form.
Digital broadcasting is the practice of using digital signals rather than analogue signals for broadcasting over radio frequency bands.
Digital cinematography is the process of capturing (recording) a motion picture using digital image sensors rather than through film stock.
Digital data, in information theory and information systems, is the discrete, discontinuous representation of information or works.
Digital intermediate (typically abbreviated to DI) is a motion picture finishing process which classically involves digitizing a motion picture and manipulating the color and other image characteristics.
Digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB) is a digital radio transmission technology developed in South Korea as part of the national IT project for sending multimedia such as TV, radio and datacasting to mobile devices such as mobile phones, laptops and GPS navigation systems.
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.
The digital television transition, also called the digital switchover, the analog switch-off (ASO), or the analog shutdown, is the process in which older analog television broadcasting is converted to and replaced by digital television.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.
Digital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG).
D-9 or Digital-S as it was originally known, is a professional digital video videocassette format created by JVC in 1995.
Digital8 (or Di8) is an obsolete consumer digital recording videocassette for camcorders based on the 8 mm video format developed by Sony, and introduced in 1999.
The Display Data Channel, or DDC, is a collection of protocols for digital communication between a computer display and a graphics adapter that enable the display to communicate its supported display modes to the adapter and that enable the computer host to adjust monitor parameters, such as brightness and contrast.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
The display resolution or display modes of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.
DisplayPort (DP) is a digital display interface developed by a consortium of PC and chip manufacturers and standardized by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA).
DV is a format for storing digital video.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
The DVD Forum is an international organization composed of hardware, software, media and production companies that use and develop the DVD and formerly HD DVD formats.
Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.
Here is a list of Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) Standards.
EIAJ-1 was a standard for video tape recorders (VTRs) developed by the Electronic Industries Association of Japan with the cooperation and assistance of several Japanese electronics manufacturers in 1969.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
The enhanced versatile disc (EVD) is an optical-medium-based digital audio/video format, developed by Beijing E-World (a multi-company partnership including SVA, Shinco, Xiaxin, Yuxing, Skyworth, Nintaus, Malata, Changhong, and BBK), as a rival to the DVD to avoid the high royalty costs associated with the DVD format.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
A field-sequential color system is a color television system in which the primary color information is transmitted in successive images, and which relies on the human vision system to fuse the successive images into a color picture.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
Fisher-Price is an American company that produces educational toys for children and infants, headquartered in East Aurora, New York.
Flat-panel displays are electronic viewing technologies used to enable people to see content (still images, moving images, text, or other visual material) in a range of entertainment, consumer electronics, personal computer, and mobile devices, and many types of medical, transportation and industrial equipment.
Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Fulldome refers to immersive dome-based video projection environments.
is a Japanese consumer electronics company headquartered in Daitō, Osaka, Japan.
In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut, is a certain complete subset of colors.
In video coding, a group of pictures, or GOP structure, specifies the order in which intra- and inter-frames are arranged.
H.261 is an ITU-T video compression standard, first ratified in November 1988.
H.263 is a video compression standard originally designed as a low-bit-rate compressed format for videoconferencing.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.
HDCAM, introduced in 1997, is a high-definition video digital recording videocassette version of digital Betacam, using an 8-bit discrete cosine transform (DCT) compressed 3:1:1 recording, in 1080i-compatible down-sampled resolution of 1440×1080, and adding 24p and 23.976 progressive segmented frame (PsF) modes to later models.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
HDV is a format for recording of high-definition video on DV cassette tape.
High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), also known as H.265 and MPEG-H Part 2, is a video compression standard, one of several potential successors to the widely used AVC (H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10).
An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.
Image compression is a type of data compression applied to digital images, to reduce their cost for storage or transmission.
The following is a list of video-related topics.
An inter frame is a frame in a video compression stream which is expressed in terms of one or more neighboring frames.
The term interactive video usually refers to a technique used to blend interaction and linear film or video.
Interlaced video is a technique for doubling the perceived frame rate of a video display without consuming extra bandwidth.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
International Video Corporation, or IVC, was a California company that manufactured several models of low to middle-end videotape recorders, or VTRs, for industrial and professional use.
Intra-frame coding is used in video coding (compression).
The Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) (Japanese:, Tōgō dejitaru hōsō sābisu) is a Japanese standard for digital television (DTV) and digital radio used by the country's radio and television networks.
ISDB-T International, ISDB-Tb or SBTVD, short for Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão Digital (Brazilian Digital Television System), is a technical standard for digital television broadcast used in Brazil, Botswana, Peru, Argentina, Chile, Honduras, Venezuela, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Philippines, Bolivia, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Uruguay, based on the Japanese ISDB-T standard.
The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.
IVC 2 inch Helical scan was a high-end broadcast quality helical scan analog recording VTR format developed by International Video Corporation (IVC), and introduced in 1975.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.
Kinescope, shortened to kine, also known as telerecording in Britain, is a recording of a television program on motion picture film, directly through a lens focused on the screen of a video monitor.
Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB) is an American venture capital firm headquartered on Sand Hill Road in Menlo Park in Silicon Valley.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.
Liquid-crystal-display televisions (LCD TV) are television sets that use liquid-crystal displays to produce images.
In computing, a legacy system is an old method, technology, computer system, or application program, "of, relating to, or being a previous or outdated computer system." Often a pejorative term, referencing a system as "legacy" means that it paved the way for the standards that would follow it.
A line doubler is a device used to deinterlace video signals prior to display.
This is a list of physical RF and video connectors and related video signal standards.
Live television is a television production broadcast in real-time, as events happen, in the present.
In video, luma represents the brightness in an image (the "black-and-white" or achromatic portion of the image).
Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.
The Marconi Company was a British telecommunications and engineering company that did business under that name from 1963 to 1987.
Mechanical television or mechanical scan television is a television system that relies on a mechanical scanning device, such as a rotating disk with holes in it or a rotating mirror, to scan the scene and generate the video signal, and a similar mechanical device at the receiver to display the picture.
Media are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
MicroMV is a proprietary videotape format introduced in October 2001 by Sony.
Motion compensation is an algorithmic technique used to predict a frame in a video, given the previous and/or future frames by accounting for motion of the camera and/or objects in the video.
In multimedia, Motion JPEG (M-JPEG or MJPEG) is a video compression format in which each video frame or interlaced field of a digital video sequence is compressed separately as a JPEG image.
MPEG-1 is a standard for lossy compression of video and audio.
MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
MUSE (Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling encoding), was a dot-interlaced digital video compression system that used analog modulation for transmission to deliver 1125-line high definition video signals to the home.
Multiplexed analogue components (MAC) was a satellite television transmission standard, originally proposed for use on a Europe-wide terrestrial HDTV system, although it was never used terrestrially.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
NTSC, named after the National Television System Committee,National Television System Committee (1951–1953),, 17 v. illus., diagrs., tables.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
Phase Alternating Line (PAL) is a color encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 625-line / 50 field (25 frame) per second (576i).
PAL-M is the analog TV system used in Brazil since February 19, 1972.
PALplus (or PAL+) is an analogue television broadcasting system aimed to improve and enhance the PAL format while remaining compatible with existing television receivers.
Peak signal-to-noise ratio, often abbreviated PSNR, is an engineering term for the ratio between the maximum possible power of a signal and the power of corrupting noise that affects the fidelity of its representation.
Persistence of vision refers to the optical illusion that occurs when visual perception of an object does not cease for some time after the rays of light proceeding from it have ceased to enter the eye.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
A phone connector, also known as phone jack, audio jack, headphone jack or jack plug, is a family of electrical connectors typically used for analog audio signals.
Phonovision is a proof of concept format and experiment for recording a mechanical television signal on gramophone records.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
Polarization (also polarisation) is a property applying to transverse waves that specifies the geometrical orientation of the oscillations.
Professional Disc (PFD) is a digital recording optical disc format introduced by Sony in 2003 primarily for XDCAM, its new tapeless camcorder system.
A professional video camera (often called a television camera even though the use has spread beyond television) is a high-end device for creating electronic moving images (as opposed to a movie camera, that earlier recorded the images on film).
Progressive scanning (alternatively referred to as noninterlaced scanning) is a way of displaying, storing, or transmitting moving images in which all the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence.
ProHD is a name used by JVC for its MPEG-2-based professional camcorders.
The PXL-2000 (also known as Fisher-Price PXL2000, Fisher-Price PixelVision, Sanwa Sanpix1000, KiddieCorder, and Georgia) is a toy black-and-white camcorder produced in 1987 that uses a compact audio cassette as its recording medium.
2-inch quadruplex video tape (also called 2″ quad, or just quad, for short) was the first practical and commercially successful analog recording video tape format.
Radio broadcasting is transmission by radio waves intended to reach a wide audience.
ITU-R Recommendation BT.601, more commonly known by the abbreviations Rec.
A recording format is a format for encoding data for storage on a storage medium.
In Euclidean plane geometry, a rectangle is a quadrilateral with four right angles.
In Information theory, redundancy measures the fractional difference between the entropy of an ensemble, and its maximum possible value \log(|\mathcal_X|).
The refresh rate (most commonly the "vertical refresh rate", "vertical scan rate" for cathode ray tubes) is the number of times in a second that a display hardware updates its buffer.
Robert Bosch GmbH, or Bosch, is a German multinational engineering and electronics company headquartered in Gerlingen, near Stuttgart, Germany.
, the common initialism for Super VHS, is an improved version of the VHS standard for consumer-level video recording.
S-Video (also known as separate video and Y/C) is a signaling standard for standard definition video, typically 480i or 576i.
Satellite television is a service that delivers television programming to viewers by relaying it from a communications satellite orbiting the Earth directly to the viewer's location.
A scan line (also scanline) is one line, or row, in a raster scanning pattern, such as a line of video on a cathode ray tube (CRT) display of a television set or computer monitor.
SCART (from Syndicat des Constructeurs d'Appareils Radiorécepteurs et Téléviseurs, "Radio and Television Receiver Manufacturers' Association") is a French-originated standard and associated 21-pin connector for connecting audio-visual (AV) equipment.
A screencast is a digital recording of computer screen output, also known as a video screen capture, often containing audio narration.
SECAM, also written SÉCAM (Séquentiel couleur à mémoire, French for "Sequential colour with memory"), is an analogue color television system first used in France.
Serial digital interface (SDI) is a family of digital video interfaces first standardized by SMPTE (The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) in 1989.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
Snapchat is a multimedia messaging app used globally, created by Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown, former students at Stanford University, and developed by Snap Inc., originally Snapchat Inc.
The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (rarely), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sony HDVS is a range of high-definition video equipment developed in the 1980s to support an early analog high-definition television system thought to be the broadcast television systems that would be in use today.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Subjective video quality is video quality as experienced by humans.
In the field of professional broadcasting, an end-to-end workflow (from ingest to playout) is called tapeless when part, or all of it, is made without any use of audio tape recorders or videotape machines; video and audio sources being ingested, recorded, edited and played out entirely on digital video systems.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
Teldec (Telefunken-Decca Schallplatten GmbH) is a German record label in Hamburg, Germany.
Telecine is the process of transferring motion picture film into video and is performed in a color suite.
Telefunken was a German radio and television apparatus company, founded in Berlin in 1903, as a joint venture of Siemens & Halske and the Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG) (General electricity company).
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
Television Electronic Disc (TeD) is a discontinued video recording format, released in 1975 by Telefunken and Teldec.
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
Theora is a free lossy video compression format.
A timecode (alternatively, time code) is a sequence of numeric codes generated at regular intervals by a timing synchronization system.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
1 inch type A (designated Type A by SMPTE) is a reel-to-reel helical scan analog recording videotape format developed by Ampex in 1965, that was one of the first standardized reel-to-reel magnetic tape formats in the 1 inch (25 mm) width; most others of that size at that time were proprietary.
1 inch type B VTR (designated Type B by SMPTE) is a reel-to-reel analog recording video tape format developed by the Bosch Fernseh division of Bosch in Germany in 1976.
1 inch Type C (designated Type C by SMPTE) is a professional reel-to-reel analog recording helical scan videotape format co-developed and introduced by Ampex and Sony in 1976.
U-matic is an analogue recording videocassette format first shown by Sony in prototype in October 1969, and introduced to the market in September 1971.
Uncompressed video is digital video that either has never been compressed or was generated by decompressing previously compressed digital video.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is a discontinued optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on their PlayStation Portable handheld gaming and multimedia platform.
SMPTE 421M, informally known as VC-1, is a video coding format.
Versatile Multilayer Disc (VMD or HD VMD) is a high-capacity red laser optical disc technology designed by New Medium Enterprises, Inc..
A vertical video is a video created either by a camera or computer that is intended for viewing in portrait mode, producing an image that is taller than it is wide, rather than the widescreen format normalised by cinema and television.
A Video Graphics Array (VGA) connector is a three-row 15-pin DE-15 connector.
The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.
VHS-C is the compact VHS videocassette format, introduced by Victor Company of Japan (JVC) in 1982, and used primarily for consumer-grade compact analog recording camcorders.
Video 2000 (also known as V2000, with the tape standard Video Compact Cassette, or VCC) is a consumer videocassette system and analogue recording standard developed by Philips and Grundig to compete with JVC's VHS and Sony's Betamax video technologies.
Video art is an art form which relies on using video technology as a visual and audio medium.
Video Cassette Recording (VCR) is an early domestic analog recording format designed by Philips.
Video clips are short clips of video, usually part of a longer recording.
A video codec is an electronic circuit or software that compresses or decompresses digital video.
A video coding format (or sometimes video compression format) is a content representation format for storage or transmission of digital video content (such as in a data file or bitstream).
Video editing is the manipulation and arrangement of video shots.
Video feedback is the process that starts and continues when a video camera is pointed at its own playback video monitor.
A video file format is a type of file format for storing digital video data on a computer system.
Video Graphics Array (VGA) is the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, following CGA and EGA introduced in earlier IBM personal computers.
Video High Density (VHD) is a videodisc format which was marketed predominantly in Japan by JVC.
Video production is the process of producing video content.
A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.
Video quality is a characteristic of a video passed through a video transmission/processing system, a formal or informal measure of perceived video degradation (typically, compared to the original video).
A video sender (also known as a DigiSender, wireless video sender, AV sender or audio-video sender) is a device for transmitting domestic audio and video signals wirelessly from one location to another.
A video synthesizer is a device that electronically creates a video signal.
A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.
A videocassette recorder, VCR, or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording.
Videography refers to the process of capturing moving images on electronic media (e.g., videotape, direct to disk recording, or solid state storage) and even streaming media.
Videotape is magnetic tape used for storing video and usually sound in addition.
Videotelephony comprises the technologies for the reception and transmission of audio-video signals by users at different locations, for communication between people in real-time.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
Vision Electronic Recording Apparatus (VERA) was an early analog recording videotape format developed from 1952 by the BBC under project manager Dr Peter Axon.
VP8 is an open and royalty free video compression format owned by Google and created by On2 Technologies as a successor to VP7.
W-VHS is a HDTV analog recording videocassette format created by JVC.
WebM is an audiovisual media file format.
YCbCr, Y′CbCr, or Y Pb/Cb Pr/Cr, also written as YCBCR or Y'CBCR, is a family of color spaces used as a part of the color image pipeline in video and digital photography systems.
YDbDr, sometimes written YDBDR, is the colour space used in the SÉCAM analog terrestrial colour television broadcasting standard, which is used in France and some countries of the former Eastern Bloc.
YIQ is the color space used by the NTSC color TV system, employed mainly in North and Central America, and Japan.
YUV is a color encoding system typically used as part of a color image pipeline.
A three-dimensional stereoscopic film (also known as three-dimensional sangu, 3D film or S3D film) is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension.
480p is the shorthand name for a family of video display resolutions.
The 8mm video format refers informally to three related videocassette formats for the NTSC and PAL/SECAM television systems.
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