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Videocassette recorder

Index Videocassette recorder

A videocassette recorder, VCR, or video recorder is an electromechanical device that records analog audio and analog video from broadcast television or other source on a removable, magnetic tape videocassette, and can play back the recording. [1]

140 relations: Ampex, Analog recording, ATSC tuner, Audio mastering, Audio mixing (recorded music), Automatic gain control, Avco, Bandwidth (signal processing), Baseband, Betacam, Betamax, Blu-ray, Boston Strangler, Camcorder, Cartrivision, Chrominance, Combo television unit, Compact Cassette, Compact disc, Compact Video Cassette, Composite video, Coupon-eligible converter box, CV-2000, D-VHS, Department store, Dew warning, Digital Audio Tape, Digital video recorder, Dolby noise-reduction system, DV, DVD, DVD recordable, DVD recorder, DVD+R DL, DVD-R DL, DVD-RAM, Dynamic range, EIAJ-1, Electromechanics, Europe, Federal Communications Commission, Field (video), Flash memory, Frequency modulation, Frequency response, Funai, Grundig, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, Hard disk drive, HD DVD, ..., Helical scan, Helix, High-definition optical disc format war, High-definition television, Home recording, How-to, Instamatic, Jack Valenti, Japan, JVC, Kinescope, LaserDisc, Linear video editing, Loewe (electronics), Luminance, Macy's, Magnetic tape, Miniature snap-action switch, Monochrome, Montgomery Ward, Motion Picture Association of America, Multi-standard television, Multiplexing, Multitrack recording, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, On-screen display, Online video platform, Panasonic, Pay-per-view, PCM adaptor, Personal computer, Philips, Piezoelectricity, Professional audio, Prototype, Quadruplex videotape, RCA, Reel-to-reel audio tape recording, Remote control, Retail, S-VHS, Sanyo, Sears, Secure Digital, Signal-to-noise ratio, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Solenoid, Sony, Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., Sound recording and reproduction, Stereo-Pak, Stereophonic sound, Super 8 film, Supreme Court of the United States, Technicolor, Television channel, Television show, Terrestrial television, The Bridge on the River Kwai, Time (magazine), Time base correction, Time shifting, Timer, TiVo Corporation, Toshiba, U-matic, United Kingdom, United States dollar, V-Cord, Variety (magazine), VCR/Blu-ray combo, VCR/DVD combo, Vertical blanking interval, VHS, VHS-C, Video, Video 2000, Video camera, Video Cassette Recording, Video CD, Video file format, Video rental shop, Video tape recorder, Video tape tracking, Videotape format war, VX (videocassette format), Write protection, 8 mm video format, 8-track tape, 9-Pin Protocol. Expand index (90 more) »


Ampex is an American electronics company founded in 1944 by Alexander M. Poniatoff.

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Analog recording

Analog recording (Greek, ana is "according to" and logos "relationship") is a technique used for the recording of analog signals which, among many possibilities, allows analog audio and analog video for later playback.

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ATSC tuner

An ATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee) tuner, often called an ATSC receiver or HDTV tuner is a type of television tuner that allows reception of digital television (DTV) television channels transmitted by television stations in North America, parts of Central America and South Korea that use ATSC standards.

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Audio mastering

Mastering, a form of audio post production, is the process of preparing and transferring recorded audio from a source containing the final mix to a data storage device (the master); the source from which all copies will be produced (via methods such as pressing, duplication or replication).

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Audio mixing (recorded music)

In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product.

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Automatic gain control

Automatic gain control (AGC), also called automatic volume control (AVC), is a closed-loop feedback regulating circuit in an amplifier or chain of amplifiers, the purpose of which is to maintain a suitable signal amplitude at its output, despite variation of the signal amplitude at the input.

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Avco Corporation is a subsidiary of Textron which operates Textron Systems Corporation and Lycoming.

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Bandwidth (signal processing)

Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.

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Baseband is a signal that has a very narrow and near-zero frequency range, i.e. a spectral magnitude that is nonzero only for frequencies in the vicinity of the origin (termed f.

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Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videocassette products developed by Sony in 1982.

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Betamax (also called Beta, as in its logo) is a consumer-level analog-recording and cassette format of magnetic tape for video.

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Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.

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Boston Strangler

The Boston Strangler is a name given to the murderer (or murderers) of 13 women in the Boston area, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, in the early 1960s.

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A camcorder is an electronic device originally combining a video camera and a videocassette recorder.

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Cartrivision is an analog videocassette format introduced in 1972, and the first format to offer feature films for consumer rental.

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Chrominance (chroma or C for short) is the signal used in video systems to convey the color information of the picture, separately from the accompanying luma signal (or Y for short).

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Combo television unit

A Combo television unit, or a TV/VCR combo, sometimes known as a televideo, is a television with either a VCR or a DVD player built into a single unit.

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Compact Cassette

The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.

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Compact disc

Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

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Compact Video Cassette

Compact Video Cassette (CVC) was one of the first analog recording videocassette formats to use a tape smaller than its earlier predecessors of VHS and Betamax, and was developed by Funai Electronics of Japan for portable use.

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Composite video

Composite video (one channel) is an analog video transmission (without audio) that carries standard definition video typically at 480i or 576i resolution.

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Coupon-eligible converter box

A coupon-eligible converter box (CECB) was a digital television adapter that met eligibility specifications for subsidy "coupons" from the United States government.

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CV-2000 was one of the world's first home video tape recorders (VTR), introduced by Sony in August, 1965.

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D-VHS is a digital video recording format developed by JVC, in collaboration with Hitachi, Matsushita, and Philips.

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Department store

A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".

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Dew warning

A dew warning, also known as a dew alarm or dew signal, is an error indication on VCRs and camcorders if the VCR/camcorder develops dew inside the unit from being exposed to extreme temperature and/or humidity changes.

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Digital Audio Tape

Digital Audio Tape (DAT or R-DAT) is a signal recording and playback medium developed by Sony and introduced in 1987.

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Digital video recorder

A digital video recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video in a digital format to a disk drive, USB flash drive, SD memory card, SSD or other local or networked mass storage device.

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Dolby noise-reduction system

A Dolby noise-reduction system, or Dolby NR, is one of a series of noise reduction systems developed by Dolby Laboratories for use in analog magnetic tape recording.

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DV is a format for storing digital video.

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DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.

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DVD recordable

DVD recordable and DVD rewritable refer to part of optical disc recording technologies.

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DVD recorder

A DVD recorder is an optical disc recorder that uses optical disc recording technologies to digitally record analog or digital signals onto blank writable DVD media.

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DVD+R DL (DL stands for Double Layer) also called DVD+R9, is a derivative of the DVD+R format created by the DVD+RW Alliance.

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DVD-R DL (DL stands for Dual Layer), also called DVD-R9, is a derivative of the DVD-R format standard. DVD-R DL discs hold 8.5 GB by utilizing two recordable dye layers, each capable of storing a little less than the 4.7 gigabyte (GB) of a single layer disc, almost doubling the total disc capacity. Discs can be read in many DVD devices (older units are less compatible) and can only be written using DVD-R DL compatible recorders. It is part of optical disc recording technologies for digital recording to optical disc. DVD-R DL has compatibility issues with legacy DVD-ROM drives known as pickup head overrun. To avoid this issue, the two layers of the disc need to be equally recorded. But this is a contradiction with the sequential nature of the DVD recording. Thus DVD Forum under Pioneer's lead developed a technology known as Layer Jump Recording (LJR), which incrementally record smaller sections of each layer to maintain compatibility with DVD-ROM drives. DVD-R DL media has been discontinued by most manufacturers. DVD+R DL is dominating the market for dual layered media.

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DVD-RAM (DVD Random Access Memory) is a disc specification presented in 1996 by the DVD Forum, which specifies rewritable DVD-RAM media and the appropriate DVD writers.

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Dynamic range

Dynamic range, abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR is the ratio between the largest and smallest values that a certain quantity can assume.

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EIAJ-1 was a standard for video tape recorders (VTRs) developed by the Electronic Industries Association of Japan with the cooperation and assistance of several Japanese electronics manufacturers in 1969.

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In engineering, electromechanics combines processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering.

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Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Federal Communications Commission

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.

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Field (video)

In video, a field is one of the many still images which are displayed sequentially to create the impression of motion on the screen.

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Flash memory

Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.

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Frequency modulation

In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave.

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Frequency response

Frequency response is the quantitative measure of the output spectrum of a system or device in response to a stimulus, and is used to characterize the dynamics of the system.

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is a Japanese consumer electronics company headquartered in Daitō, Osaka, Japan.

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Grundig is a German manufacturer of consumer electronics, domestic appliances and personal care products.

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Guess Who's Coming to Dinner

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner is a 1967 American comedy-drama film produced and directed by Stanley Kramer, and written by William Rose.

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Hard disk drive

A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.

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HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc) is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.

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Helical scan

Helical scan is a method of recording high-frequency signals on magnetic tape.

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A helix, plural helixes or helices, is a type of smooth space curve, i.e. a curve in three-dimensional space.

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High-definition optical disc format war

The high-definition optical disc format war was between the Blu-ray and HD DVD optical disc standards for storing high-definition video and audio; it took place between 2006 and 2008 and was won by Blu-ray Disc.

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High-definition television

High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.

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Home recording

Home recording is the practice of sound recording in a private home, rather than in a professional recording studio.

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A how-to is an informal, often short, description of how to accomplish a specific task.

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The Instamatic is a series of inexpensive, easy-to-load 126 and 110 cameras made by Kodak beginning in 1963.

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Jack Valenti

Jack Joseph Valenti (September 5, 1921 – April 26, 2007) was a longtime president of the Motion Picture Association of America.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.

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Kinescope, shortened to kine, also known as telerecording in Britain, is a recording of a television program on motion picture film, directly through a lens focused on the screen of a video monitor.

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LaserDisc (abbreviated as LD) is a home video format and the first commercial optical disc storage medium, initially licensed, sold and marketed as MCA DiscoVision in the United States in 1978.

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Linear video editing

Linear video editing is a video editing post-production process of selecting, arranging and modifying images and sound in a predetermined, ordered sequence.

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Loewe (electronics)

Loewe Technologies GmbH (pronounced) is the parent company of the German Loewe group.

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Luminance is a photometric measure of the luminous intensity per unit area of light travelling in a given direction.

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Macy's (originally R. H. Macy & Co.) (stylized macy*s) is an American department store chain founded in 1858 by Rowland Hussey Macy.

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Magnetic tape

Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.

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Miniature snap-action switch

A miniature snap-action switch, also trademarked and frequently known as a micro switch, is an electric switch that is actuated by very little physical force, through the use of a tipping-point mechanism, sometimes called an "over-center" mechanism.

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Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.

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Montgomery Ward

Montgomery Ward Inc. is the name of two historically distinct American retail enterprises.

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Motion Picture Association of America

The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is an American trade association representing the six major film studios of Hollywood.

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Multi-standard television

Multi-standard television sets were made for use in the television industry, so that one TV set or monitor could show video content from other television systems.

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In telecommunications and computer networks, multiplexing (sometimes contracted to muxing) is a method by which multiple analog or digital signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium.

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Multitrack recording

Multitrack recording (MTR)—also known as multitracking, double tracking, or tracking—is a method of sound recording developed in 1955 that allows for the separate recording of multiple sound sources or of sound sources recorded at different times to create a cohesive whole.

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National Telecommunications and Information Administration

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce that serves as the President's principal adviser on telecommunications policies pertaining to the United States' economic and technological advancement and to regulation of the telecommunications industry.

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On-screen display

An on-screen display (abbreviated OSD) is an image superimposed on a screen picture, commonly used by modern television sets, VCRs, and DVD players to display information such as volume, channel, and time.

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Online video platform

An online video platform (OVP), provided by a video hosting service, enables users to upload, convert, store and play back video content on the Internet, often via a structured, large-scale system that can generate revenue.

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, formerly known as, is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Osaka, Japan.

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Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of pay television service by which a subscriber of a television service provider can purchase events to view via private telecast.

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PCM adaptor

A PCM adaptor is a device used for recording digital audio in the PCM format, which in turn connects to a video cassette recorder (acting as a transport) for storage and playback of the digital audio information.

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.

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Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.

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Professional audio

Professional audio, abbreviated as pro audio, refers to both an activity and a category of high quality, studio-grade audio equipment.

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A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.

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Quadruplex videotape

2-inch quadruplex video tape (also called 2″ quad, or just quad, for short) was the first practical and commercially successful analog recording video tape format.

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The RCA Corporation was a major American electronics company, which was founded as the Radio Corporation of America in 1919.

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Reel-to-reel audio tape recording

Reel-to/open-reel audio tape recording is the form of magnetic tape audio recording in which the recording medium is held on a reel, rather than being securely contained within a cassette.

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Remote control

In electronics, a remote control or clicker is a component of an electronic device used to operate the device from a distance, usually wirelessly.

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Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.

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, the common initialism for Super VHS, is an improved version of the VHS standard for consumer-level video recording.

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is a Japanese major electronics company and formerly a member of the Fortune Global 500 whose headquarters was located in Moriguchi, Osaka prefecture, Japan.

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Sears, Roebuck and Company, colloquially known as Sears, is an American chain of department stores founded by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck in 1892, reincorporated (a formality for a history-making consumer sector initial public offering) by Richard Sears and new partner Julius Rosenwald in 1906.

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Secure Digital

Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.

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Signal-to-noise ratio

Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.

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Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers

The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) (rarely), founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers or SMPE, is a global professional association, of engineers, technologists, and executives working in the media and entertainment industry.

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A solenoid (/ˈsolə.nɔɪd/) (from the French solénoïde, derived in turn from the Greek solen ("pipe, channel") and eidos ("form, shape")) is a coil wound into a tightly packed helix.

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is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.

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Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc.

Sony Corp.

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Sound recording and reproduction

Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.

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The Muntz Stereo-Pak, commonly known as the 4-track cartridge, is a magnetic tape sound recording cartridge technology.

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Stereophonic sound

Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.

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Super 8 film

Super 8mm film is a motion picture film format released in 1965 by Eastman Kodak as an improvement over the older "Double" or "Regular" 8 mm home movie format.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Technicolor is a series of color motion picture processes, the first version dating from 1916, and followed by improved versions over several decades.

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Television channel

A television channel is a broadcast frequency or virtual number over which a television station or television network is distributed.

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Television show

A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.

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Terrestrial television

Terrestrial or broadcast television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.

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The Bridge on the River Kwai

The Bridge on the River Kwai is a 1957 British-American epic war film directed by David Lean and based on the novel Le Pont de la Rivière Kwai (1952) by Pierre Boulle.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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Time base correction

Time base correction is a technique to reduce or eliminate errors caused by mechanical instability present in analog recordings on mechanical media.

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Time shifting

In broadcasting, time shifting is the recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to after the live broadcasting.

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A timer is a specialized type of clock used for measuring specific time intervals.

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TiVo Corporation

TiVo Corporation (formerly Rovi Corporation and Macrovision Solutions Corporation) is an American technology company.

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, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

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U-matic is an analogue recording videocassette format first shown by Sony in prototype in October 1969, and introduced to the market in September 1971.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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V-Cord is an analog recording videocassette format developed and released by Sanyo.

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Variety (magazine)

Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.

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VCR/Blu-ray combo

A VCR/Blu-ray combo is a multiplex or converged device, convenient for consumers who wish to use both VHS tapes and the newer high-definition Blu-ray Disc technology.

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VCR/DVD combo

A VCR/DVD combo, or more commonly, a DVD/VCR combo, is a multiplex or converged device, convenient for consumers who wish to use both VHS tapes and DVDs.

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Vertical blanking interval

In a raster graphics display, the vertical blanking interval (VBI), also known as the vertical interval or VBLANK, is the time between the end of the final line of a frame or field and the beginning of the first line of the next frame.

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The Video Home System (VHS) is a standard for consumer-level analog video recording on tape cassettes.

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VHS-C is the compact VHS videocassette format, introduced by Victor Company of Japan (JVC) in 1982, and used primarily for consumer-grade compact analog recording camcorders.

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Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.

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Video 2000

Video 2000 (also known as V2000, with the tape standard Video Compact Cassette, or VCC) is a consumer videocassette system and analogue recording standard developed by Philips and Grundig to compete with JVC's VHS and Sony's Betamax video technologies.

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Video camera

A video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.

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Video Cassette Recording

Video Cassette Recording (VCR) is an early domestic analog recording format designed by Philips.

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Video CD

Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc digital video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard optical discs.

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Video file format

A video file format is a type of file format for storing digital video data on a computer system.

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Video rental shop

A video rental shop/store is a physical retail business that rents home videos such as movies, prerecorded TV shows, video game discs and other content.

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Video tape recorder

A video tape recorder (VTR) is a tape recorder designed to record and playback video and audio material on magnetic tape.

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Video tape tracking

In a video tape recorder, tracking is a calibration adjustment which ensures that the spinning playback head is properly aligned with the helical scan signal written onto the tape.

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Videotape format war

The videotape format war was a period of intense competition or "format war" of incompatible models of consumer-level analog video videocassette and video cassette recorders (VCR) in the late 1970s and the 1980s, mainly involving the Betamax and Video Home System (VHS) formats.

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VX (videocassette format)

VX was a short-lived and unsuccessful consumer analog recording videocassette format developed by Matsushita and launched in 1975 in Japan.

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Write protection

Write protection is any physical mechanism that prevents modification or erasure of valuable data on a device.

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8 mm video format

The 8mm video format refers informally to three related videocassette formats for the NTSC and PAL/SECAM television systems.

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8-track tape

The 8-track tape (formally Stereo 8; commonly known as the eight-track cartridge, eight-track tape, or simply eight-track) is a magnetic tape sound-recording technology that was popular in the United States from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s, when the Compact Cassette format took over.

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9-Pin Protocol

The Sony 9-Pin Protocol or P1 protocol is a two-way communications protocol to control advanced video recorders.

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Flying erase heads, Flying-erase-heads, Short Play (VCR format, Top loading VCR's, VCR, VCRs, VHS player, VHS players, VHS recorder, Vcr, Video Cassette Recorder, Video casette recorder, Video cassette recorder, Video cassette recorders, Video cassettes, Videocassette Recorder.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Videocassette_recorder

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