299 relations: Adolf Hitler, Afghanistan, Aircraft maintenance checks, Algorithm, Aliens (film), American Sign Language, Analog television, Asterisk (PBX), Asymmetric digital subscriber line, AT&T, AT&T Corporation, Audio signal, Back to the Future Part II, Bandwidth (signal processing), Bell Labs, Beyoncé, Bit rate, Blade Runner, Blood pressure, Blood sugar level, British Sign Language, Broadband, Broadband Global Area Network, BT Group, Burbank, California, Cable modem, Cape Town, Capital cost, Central processing unit, CIO magazine, Client (computing), Closed-circuit television, Coaxial cable, Codec, Collaborative software, Company, Computer monitor, Computer network, Computer security, CU-SeeMe, Danger Mouse (1981 TV series), Data compression, Data conferencing, Demolition Man (film), Digital camera, Digital electronics, Disability, Display device, Display resolution, Distance education, ..., E. M. Forster, Echo suppression and cancellation, Electrical telegraph, Email, Endoscopy, Eye contact, Facebook, Federal Communications Commission, FedEx Office, Film, Film industry, Firefly (TV series), Fisheye lens, Frame rate, French Sign Language, Fritz Lang, Frozen (2013 film), Futurama, Futurist, Geocentric orbit, Globalization, Good governance, Gremlins 2: The New Batch, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, H.320, H.323, H.324, H.331, Hall County, Georgia, Hangar, Hanna-Barbera, Hans-Bredow-Institut, HDMI, Hearing loss, Herbert E. Ives, Hewlett-Packard, High-definition video, History of virtual learning environments, Hospital, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, IChat, Indirect costs, Infinite Jest, Information appliance, InformationWeek, Initial public offering, Instant messaging, Institution of Electrical Engineers, Integrated Services Digital Network, Inter-Asterisk eXchange, International Monetary Fund, International Telecommunication Union, Internet, Internet access, Internet Control Message Protocol, Internet Protocol, Interop, Interoperability, ITU-T, James Cameron, Jamie Doran, John Logie Baird, Juniper Networks, Kristen Anderson-Lopez, Language barrier, Las Vegas Valley, Latency (engineering), Lawrence Rabiner, Lifesize, Linguistics, Lisa's Wedding, List of ITU-T V-series recommendations, List of video telecommunication services and product brands, Local area network, Logitech, Loudspeaker, Media phone, Media space, Medical emergency, Medical imaging, Medical ultrasound, Metropolis (1927 film), Microphone, Microscope, Microsoft, Mobile collaboration, Mobile device, Mobile phone, Mobile VoIP, Moon (film), Mother (1996 film), Mount Everest, MPEG-4, Multilingualism, Multimedia, Multipoint control unit, Muteness, Nagano, Nagano, NASA, Natural language, Network effect, Network packet, Nevada, New Scientist, New York City, News conference, News media, Non-governmental organization, North Carolina, Nottingham Trent University, Nursing, Ode to Joy, Ohio, Online chat, Oprah Winfrey, Otoscope, Outline of television broadcasting, Pan–tilt–zoom camera, Parallax, Paramedic, PC Magazine, Pee-wee Herman, Pee-wee's Playhouse, Pensioner, Personal computer, Physician, PictureTel Corp., Plain old telephone service, Plane Daffy, Pokémon (anime), Polycom, Popular Science, Press videoconferencing, Printed circuit board, Prison, Project DIANE, Prototype, Public switched telephone network, Radio, Real-time computing, ReBoot, Remote control, Remote diagnostics, Reverberation, Robert Lopez, RTP Control Protocol, San Francisco, Satellite, Scalable Video Coding, Science (journal), Science fiction, Science Museum, London, Scientific American, Security hacker, Seiji Ozawa, Semantics, Session Initiation Protocol, Seven Days in May, Sign language, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Skinny Call Control Protocol, Skype, Slow-scan television, Small and medium-sized enterprises, Smartphone, Social Security Administration, Software, Sorenson Media, Sound recording and reproduction, Space station, Space: 1999, Spaceballs, Spaceflight, Spanish Sign Language, Speech disorder, Stanley Kubrick, Star Trek, Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), Syntax, Tablet computer, Talk show, Tandberg, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987 TV series), Telcordia Technologies, Telecollaboration, Telecommunication, Telecommuting, Teleconference, Telemedicine, Telenursing, Telephone, Telephone interpreting, Telephony, Telepresence, Telerehabilitation, Telerobotics, Teleseminars, Teletraining, Television, The Globe and Mail, The Independent, The Jetsons, The Machine Stops, The New York Times, The Simpsons, The Tunnel (1935 film), Thunderbirds (TV series), Toronto Star, Total Recall (1990 film), Transmission (telecommunications), Turn-taking, U.S.–Soviet Space Bridge, Ultra high frequency, UMTS, Unified Communications Interoperability Forum, University of Chicago Law Review, USA Today, Very high frequency, Video, Video banking, Video camera, Video codec, Video Phone (song), Video projector, Video relay service, Video remote interpreting, Videotelephony, Virtual exchange, Visual communication, Vital signs, Voice over IP, VROC, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Warner Bros., Web browser, Web conferencing, Webcam, White House, Wi-Fi, Zoom lens, 1964 New York World's Fair, 1998 Winter Olympics, 2001: A Space Odyssey (film), 360-degree video, 3G, 3G-324M, 3GP and 3G2, 3GPP. 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Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Aircraft maintenance checks are periodic inspections that have to be done on all commercial/civil aircraft after a certain amount of time or usage; military aircraft normally follow specific maintenance programmes which may or may not be similar to those of commercial/civil operators.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Aliens is a 1986 American science fiction action film written and directed by James Cameron, produced by Gale Anne Hurd and starring Sigourney Weaver.
American Sign Language (ASL) is a natural language that serves as the predominant sign language of Deaf communities in the United States and most of Anglophone Canada.
Analog television or analogue television is the original television technology that uses analog signals to transmit video and audio.
Asterisk is a software implementation of a telephone private branch exchange (PBX).
Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) is a type of digital subscriber line (DSL) technology, a data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voiceband modem can provide.
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.
AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
An audio signal is a representation of sound, typically as an electrical voltage for analog signals and a binary number for digital signals.
Back to the Future Part II is a 1989 American adventure film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Bob Gale.
Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (born September 4, 1981) is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, actress, and businesswoman.
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
Blade Runner is a 1982 American-Hong Kong neo-noir science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.
British Sign Language (BSL) is a sign language used in the United Kingdom (UK), and is the first or preferred language of some deaf people in the UK; there are 125,000 deaf adults in the UK who use BSL plus an estimated 20,000 children.
In telecommunications, broadband is wide bandwidth data transmission which transports multiple signals and traffic types.
The Broadband Global Area Network (BGAN) is a global satellite network with telephony using portable terminals.
BT Group plc (trading as BT and formerly British Telecom) is a British multinational telecommunications holding company with head offices in London, United Kingdom.
Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County in Southern California, United States, northwest of downtown Los Angeles.
A cable modem is a type of network bridge that provides bi-directional data communication via radio frequency channels on a hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC) and radio frequency over glass (RFoG) infrastructure.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Capital costs are fixed, one-time expenses incurred on the purchase of land, buildings, construction, and equipment used in the production of goods or in the rendering of services.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
CIO magazine (also known as CIO.com) was founded in 1987 in Framingham, Massachusetts, to serve executives and technology decision makers in the information technology field and the burgeoning role of Chief Information Officer.
A client is a piece of computer hardware or software that accesses a service made available by a server.
Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.
Cross-sectional view of a coaxial cable Coaxial cable, or coax (pronounced), is a type of electrical cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield.
A codec is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.
Collaborative software or groupware is application software designed to help people involved in a common task to achieve their goals.
A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity made up of an association of people for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise.
A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.
CU-SeeMe (also written as CUseeMe or CUSeeMe depending on the source) is an Internet videoconferencing client.
Danger Mouse is a British animated television series produced by Cosgrove Hall Films for Thames Television.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
Data conferencing refers to a communication session among two or more participants sharing computer data in real time.
Demolition Man is a 1993 American science fiction comedy action film directed by Marco Brambilla in his directorial debut.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
Digital electronics or digital (electronic) circuits are electronics that operate on digital signals.
A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.
A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).
The display resolution or display modes of a digital television, computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed.
Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.
Edward Morgan Forster (1 January 18797 June 1970) was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist.
Echo suppression and echo cancellation are methods used in telephony to improve voice quality by preventing echo from being created or removing it after it is already present.
An electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electrical signals, usually conveyed via dedicated telecommunication circuit or radio.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
Eye contact occurs when two people look at each other's eyes at the same time.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
FedEx Office Print & Ship Services Inc. (doing business as FedEx Office; formerly FedEx Kinko's, and earlier simply Kinko's) is an American retail chain that provides an outlet for FedEx Express and FedEx Ground (including Home Delivery) shipping, as well as printing, copying, and binding services.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
Firefly is an American space Western drama television series which ran from 2002–2003, created by writer and director Joss Whedon, under his Mutant Enemy Productions label.
A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.
Frame rate (expressed in or fps) is the frequency (rate) at which consecutive images called frames appear on a display.
French Sign Language (langue des signes française, LSF) is the sign language of the deaf in France and French-speaking parts of Switzerland.
Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor.
Frozen is a 2013 American 3D computer-animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
Futurama is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
Futurists or futurologists are scientists and social scientists whose specialty is futurology or the attempt to systematically explore predictions and possibilities about the future and how they can emerge from the present, whether that of human society in particular or of life on Earth in general.
A geocentric orbit or Earth orbit involves any object orbiting Planet Earth, such as the Moon or artificial satellites.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Good governance is an indeterminate term used in the international development literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources.
Gremlins 2: The New Batch is a 1990 American comedy horror film, and the sequel to the 1984 film Gremlins.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
H.320 is an umbrella recommendation by the ITU-T for running Multimedia (Audio/Video/Data) over ISDN based networks.
H.323 is a recommendation from the ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) that defines the protocols to provide audio-visual communication sessions on any packet network.
H.324 is an ITU-T recommendation for voice, video and data transmission over regular analog phone lines.
H.331 is part of the ITU suite of standards for Video Teleconferencing.
Hall County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia.
A hangar is a closed building structure to hold aircraft, or spacecraft.
Hanna-Barbera Productions, Inc. (simply known as Hanna-Barbera and also referred to as H-B Enterprises, H-B Production Company and Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc.) was an American animation studio that served as a division of Warner Bros. Animation until it was absorbed by them.
The Hans-Bredow-Institut for Media Research at the University of Hamburg (HBI) is an independent non-profit foundation with the mission on media research on public communication, particularly for radio and television broadcasting (including public service media providers) and other electronic media, in an interdisciplinary fashion.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.
Herbert Eugene Ives (July 21, 1882 – November 13, 1953) was a scientist and engineer who headed the development of facsimile and television systems at AT&T in the first half of the twentieth century.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
High-definition video is video of higher resolution and quality than standard-definition.
A virtual learning environment (VLE) is a system that creates an environment designed to facilitate teachers' management of educational courses for their students, especially a system using computer hardware and software, which involves distance learning.
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information systems.
iChat (previously iChat AV) is a discontinued instant messaging software application developed by Apple Inc. for use on its Mac OS X operating system.
Indirect costs are costs that are, but not necessarily, not directly accountable to a cost object (such as a particular project, facility, function or product).
Infinite Jest is a 1996 novel by American writer David Foster Wallace.
An information appliance (IA) is an appliance that is designed to easily perform a specific electronic function such as playing music, photography, or editing text.
InformationWeek is a digital magazine which conducts corresponding face-to-face events, virtual events, and research.
Initial public offering (IPO) or stock market launch is a type of public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also retail (individual) investors; an IPO is underwritten by one or more investment banks, who also arrange for the shares to be listed on one or more stock exchanges.
Instant messaging (IM) technology is a type of online chat that offers real-time text transmission over the Internet.
The Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE, pronounced I-E-E) was a British professional organisation of electronics, electrical, manufacturing, and Information Technology professionals, especially electrical engineers.
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network.
Inter-Asterisk eXchange (IAX) is a communications protocol native to the Asterisk private branch exchange (PBX) software, and is supported by a few other softswitches, PBX systems, and softphones.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is a supporting protocol in the Internet protocol suite.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
Interop is an annual trade fair for information technology organised by UBM.
Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system, whose interfaces are completely understood, to work with other products or systems, at present or in the future, in either implementation or access, without any restrictions.
The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.
James Francis CameronSpace Foundation.
Jamie Doran is an Irish/Scottish independent documentary filmmaker and former BBC producer.
John Logie Baird FRSE (13 August 188814 June 1946) was a Scottish engineer, innovator, one of the inventors of the mechanical television, demonstrating the first working television system on 26 January 1926, and inventor of both the first publicly demonstrated colour television system, and the first purely electronic colour television picture tube.
Juniper Networks, Inc. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Sunnyvale, California that develops and markets networking products.
Kristen Anderson-Lopez (born March 21, 1972) is an American songwriter.
A language barrier is a figurative phrase used primarily to refer to linguistic barriers to communication, i.e. the difficulties in communication experienced by people or groups speaking different languages, or even dialects in some cases.
The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada.
Latency is a time interval between the stimulation and response, or, from a more general point of view, a time delay between the cause and the effect of some physical change in the system being observed.
Lawrence R. Rabiner (born 28 September 1943) is an electrical engineer working in the fields of digital signal processing and speech processing; in particular in digital signal processing for automatic speech recognition.
Lifesize is a video and audio telecommunications company in the United States which provides high definition videoconferencing endpoints and accessories, touchscreen conference room phones and a cloud-based video collaboration platform.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
"Lisa's Wedding" is the 19th episode of The Simpsons' sixth season.
The ITU-T V-Series Recommendations on Data communication over the telephone network specify the protocols that govern approved modem communication standards and interfaces.
This list of video telecommunication services and product brands is for groupings of notable video telecommunication services, brands of videophones, webcams and video conferencing hardware and systems, all related to videotelephony for two-way communications with live video and audio.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a residence, school, laboratory, university campus or office building.
Logitech International S.A. (commonly referred to as Logitech or Logi; stylized as logitech, previously LOGITECH) is a Swiss provider of personal computer and mobile accessories, with its headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland and administrative headquarters in Newark, California.
A loudspeaker (or loud-speaker or speaker) is an electroacoustic transducer; which converts an electrical audio signal into a corresponding sound.
The media phone represents a new category of broadband multimedia device that has the potential to become the 4th screen in the home, complementing the PC, TV, and mobile phone handset.
Media spaces are "electronic settings in which groups of people can work together, even when they are not present in the same place and time.
A medical emergency is an acute injury or illness that poses an immediate risk to a person's life or long-term health.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.
Metropolis is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction drama film directed by Fritz Lang.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
A microscope (from the μικρός, mikrós, "small" and σκοπεῖν, skopeîn, "to look" or "see") is an instrument used to see objects that are too small to be seen by the naked eye.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Mobile collaboration is a technology-based process of communicating using electronic assets and accompanying software designed for use in remote locations.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Mobile VoIP or simply mVoIP is an extension of mobility to a Voice over IP network.
Moon is a 2009 science fiction film directed by Duncan Jones and written by Nathan Parker from a story by Jones.
Mother is a 1996 American comedy-drama film directed by Albert Brooks, co-written by Brooks with Monica Johnson, and starring Brooks and Debbie Reynolds as son-and-mother.
Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
A multipoint control unit (MCU) is a device commonly used to bridge videoconferencing connections.
Muteness or mutism is an inability to speak, often caused by a speech disorder or surgery.
is the capital city of Nagano Prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
In neuropsychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language, a natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation.
A network effect (also called network externality or demand-side economies of scale) is the positive effect described in economics and business that an additional user of a good or service has on the value of that product to others.
A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
A news conference or press conference is a media event in which newsmakers invite journalists to hear them speak and, most often, ask questions.
The news media or news industry are forms of mass media that focus on delivering news to the general public or a target public.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Nottingham Trent University (NTU) is a public research university in Nottingham, England.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
"Ode to Joy" (German), is an ode written in the summer of 1785 by German poet, playwright, and historian Friedrich Schiller and published the following year in Thalia.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Online chat may refer to any kind of communication over the Internet that offers a real-time transmission of text messages from sender to receiver.
Oprah Winfrey (born Orpah Gail Winfrey; January 29, 1954) is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist.
An otoscope or auriscope is a medical device which is used to look into the ears.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to television broadcasting: Television broadcasting: form of broadcasting in which a television signal is transmitted by radio waves from a terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter of a television station to TV receivers having an antenna.
A pan–tilt–zoom camera (PTZ camera) is a camera that is capable of remote directional and zoom control.
Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.
A paramedic is a healthcare professional who responds to medical emergencies outside of a hospital.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
Pee-wee Herman is a comic fictional character created and portrayed by American comedian Paul Reubens.
Pee-wee's Playhouse is an American children's television program starring Paul Reubens as the childlike Pee-wee Herman which ran from 1986 to 1990 on Saturday mornings on CBS, and airing in reruns until July 1991.
A pensioner is a person who collects a pension, most commonly because of retirement from the workforce.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
PictureTel Corporation, often shortened to PictureTel Corp., was one of the first commercial videoconferencing product companies.
Plain old telephone service or plain ordinary telephone service (POTS) is a retronym for voice-grade telephone service employing analog signal transmission over copper loops.
Plane Daffy is a 1944 Warner Bros. cartoon directed by Frank Tashlin, starring Daffy Duck.
, abbreviated from the Japanese title of and currently advertised in English as Pokémon: The Series, is a Japanese anime television series, which has been adapted for the international television markets, concurrently airing in 98 countries worldwide.
Polycom is an American multinational corporation that develops video, voice and content collaboration and communication technology.
Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.
Press videoconferencing is an international press conference using videoconferencing (a form of teleconference) over the Internet.
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
Project DIANE, an acronym for Diversified Information and Assistance NEtwork, was a very early videoconferencing based community service network created in the United States.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
The public switched telephone network (PSTN) is the aggregate of the world's circuit-switched telephone networks that are operated by national, regional, or local telephony operators, providing infrastructure and services for public telecommunication.
Radio is the technology of using radio waves to carry information, such as sound, by systematically modulating properties of electromagnetic energy waves transmitted through space, such as their amplitude, frequency, phase, or pulse width.
In computer science, real-time computing (RTC), or reactive computing describes hardware and software systems subject to a "real-time constraint", for example from event to system response.
ReBoot is a Canadian CGI-animated action-adventure television series that originally aired from 1994 to 2001.
In electronics, a remote control or clicker is a component of an electronic device used to operate the device from a distance, usually wirelessly.
Remote diagnostics is the act of diagnosing a given symptom, issue or problem from a distance.
Reverberation, in psychoacoustics and acoustics, is a persistence of sound after the sound is produced.
Robert Lopez (born February 23, 1975) is an American songwriter of musicals, best known for co-creating The Book of Mormon and Avenue Q, and for composing the songs featured in the Disney animated films Frozen and Coco.
The RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) is a sister protocol of the Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP).
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Scalable Video Coding (SVC) is the name for the Annex G extension of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video compression standard.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
A security hacker is someone who seeks to breach defenses and exploit weaknesses in a computer system or network.
is a Japanese conductor known for his advocacy of modern composers and for his work with the San Francisco Symphony, the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, and the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is a communications protocol for signaling and controlling multimedia communication sessions in applications of Internet telephony for voice and video calls, in private IP telephone systems, as well as in instant messaging over Internet Protocol (IP) networks.
Seven Days in May is a 1964 American political thriller motion picture about a military-political cabal's planned takeover of the United States government in reaction to the president's negotiation of a disarmament treaty with the Soviet Union.
Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use manual communication to convey meaning.
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (email) transmission.
The Sixth Amendment (Amendment VI) to the United States Constitution is the part of the United States Bill of Rights that sets forth rights related to criminal prosecutions.
The Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) is a proprietary network terminal control protocol originally developed by Selsius Systems, which was acquired by Cisco Systems in 1998.
Skype is a telecommunications application software product that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet and to regular telephones.
Slow Scan television (SSTV) is a picture transmission method used mainly by amateur radio operators, to transmit and receive static pictures via radio in monochrome or color.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, also small and medium enterprises) or small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) are businesses whose personnel numbers fall below certain limits.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
The United States Social Security Administration (SSA) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
Sorenson Media is an American software company specializing in video encoding technology.
Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.
A space station, also known as an orbital station or an orbital space station, is a spacecraft capable of supporting crewmembers, which is designed to remain in space (most commonly as an artificial satellite in low Earth orbit) for an extended period of time and for other spacecraft to dock.
Space: 1999 is a British-Italian science-fiction television programme that ran for two seasons and originally aired from 1975 to 1977.
Spaceballs is a 1987 American comic science fiction film co-written, produced and directed by Mel Brooks.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
Spanish Sign Language (Lengua de Signos Española, LSE) is a sign language used mainly by deaf people in Spain and the people who live with them.
Speech disorders or speech impediments are a type of communication disorder where 'normal' speech is disrupted.
Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer.
Star Trek is an American media franchise based on the science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry.
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In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
A talk show or chat show is a television programming or radio programming genre in which one person (or group of people) discusses various topics put forth by a talk show host.
Tandberg was an electronics manufacturer located in Oslo, Norway (production, sales and distribution) and New York City, United States (sales and distribution).
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (initially known as Teenage Mutant Hero Turtles in some European countries due to controversy at the time, and retroactively also known as TMNT 1987 or just TMNT '87) is an American animated television series produced by the studio Murakami-Wolf-Swenson and the French company IDDH.
Telcordia Technologies, Inc., doing business as iconectiv, is an American subsidiary of the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson.
Telecollaboration is a form of network-based language teaching which emerged in language teaching in the 1990s.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Telecommuting, also called telework, teleworking, working from home, mobile work, remote work, and flexible workplace, is a work arrangement in which employees do not commute or travel (e.g. by bus or car) to a central place of work, such as an office building, warehouse, or store.
A teleconference or teleseminar is the live exchange and mass articulation of information among several persons and machines remote from one another but linked by a telecommunications system.
Telemedicine is the use of telecommunication and information technology to provide clinical health care from a distance.
Telenursing refers to the use of telecommunications and information technology in the provision of nursing services whenever a large physical distance exists between patient and nurse, or between any number of nurses.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly.
Telephone interpreting is a service that connects human interpreters via telephone to individuals who wish to speak to each other but do not share a common language.
Telephony is the field of technology involving the development, application, and deployment of telecommunication services for the purpose of electronic transmission of voice, fax, or data, between distant parties.
Telepresence refers to a set of technologies which allow a person to feel as if they were present, to give the appearance of being present, or to have an effect, via telerobotics, at a place other than their true location.
Telerehabilitation (or e-rehabilitation) is the delivery of rehabilitation services over telecommunication networks and the internet.
Telerobotics is the area of robotics concerned with the control of semi-autonomous robots from a distance, chiefly using Wireless network (like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, the Deep Space Network, and similar) or tethered connections.
Teleseminars are used to provide information, training, or promote or sell products to group of people interested in a particular topic.
Teletraining is training that.
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Jetsons is an American animated sitcom produced by Hanna-Barbera, originally airing in primetime from September 23, 1962, to March 17, 1963, then later in syndication, with new episodes in 1985 to 1987 as part of The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera block.
"The Machine Stops" is a science fiction short story (12,300 words) by E. M. Forster.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
The Tunnel, also known as Transatlantic Tunnel in the United States, is a 1935 British science fiction film based on the 1913 novel Der Tunnel by Bernhard Kellermann, about the building of a transatlantic tunnel between New York and London.
Thunderbirds is a British science-fiction television series created by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson, filmed by their production company AP Films (APF) and distributed by ITC Entertainment.
The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper.
Total Recall is a 1990 American science-fiction action film directed by Paul Verhoeven, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Ticotin, Sharon Stone, Ronny Cox, and Michael Ironside.
In telecommunications, transmission (abbreviations: TX, Xmit) is the process of sending and propagating an analogue or digital information signal over a physical point-to-point or point-to-multipoint transmission medium, either wired, optical fiber or wireless.
Turn-taking is a type of organization in conversation and discourse where participants speak one at a time in alternating turns.
The US-Soviet Space Bridge was a series of experimental, international telecasts between Soviet and U.S. viewers, performed by group of communication enthusiasts during the late Cold War era.
Ultra high frequency (UHF) is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz (MHz) and 3 gigahertz (GHz), also known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one decimeter.
The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard.
The Unified Communications Interoperability Forum (UCIF) is a non-profit alliance between communications technology vendors.
The University of Chicago Law Review (Maroonbook abbreviation: U Chi L Rev) is a law journal published by the University of Chicago Law School.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.
Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying, playback, broadcasting, and display of moving visual media.
Video banking is a term used for performing banking transactions or professional banking consultations via a remote video connection.
A video camera is a camera used for electronic motion picture acquisition (as opposed to a movie camera, which records images on film), initially developed for the television industry but now common in other applications as well.
A video codec is an electronic circuit or software that compresses or decompresses digital video.
"Video Phone" is a song by American singer Beyoncé from her third studio album, I Am... Sasha Fierce (2008).
A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.
A video relay service (VRS), also sometimes known as a video interpreting service (VIS), is a video telecommunication service that allows deaf, hard-of-hearing and speech-impaired (D-HOH-SI) individuals to communicate over video telephones and similar technologies with hearing people in real-time, via a sign language interpreter.
Video remote interpreting (VRI) is a videotelecommunication service that uses devices such as web cameras or videophones to provide sign language or spoken language interpreting services.
Videotelephony comprises the technologies for the reception and transmission of audio-video signals by users at different locations, for communication between people in real-time.
Virtual Exchange is a term used to describe "technology-enabled, sustained, people-to-people education programs" in which sustained communication and interaction takes place between individuals or groups who are geographically separated, with the support of educators and/or facilitators.
Visual communication is the conveyance of ideas and information in forms that can be seen.
Vital signs (often shortened to just vitals) are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions.
Voice over Internet Protocol (also voice over IP, VoIP or IP telephony) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.
Virtual Researcher on Call (VROC) is a Canadian educational program administered by Partners in Research.
Walt Disney Animation Studios (WDAS), also referred to as Disney Animation, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California, is an American animation studio that creates animated feature films, short films, and television specials for The Walt Disney Company.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Web conferencing may be used as an umbrella term for various types of online collaborative services including web seminars ("webinars"), webcasts, and peer-level web meetings.
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
Wi-Fi or WiFi is technology for radio wireless local area networking of devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards.
A zoom lens is a mechanical assembly of lens elements for which the focal length (and thus angle of view) can be varied, as opposed to a fixed focal length (FFL) lens (see prime lens).
The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair held over 140 pavilions, 110 restaurants, for 80 nations (hosted by 37), 24 US states, and over 45 corporations to build exhibits or attractions at Flushing Meadows Park in Queens, NY.
The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially the, and commonly known as Nagano 1998, was a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 7 to 22 February 1998 in Nagano, Japan.
2001: A Space Odyssey is a 1968 epic science fiction film produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick.
360-degree videos, also known as immersive videos or spherical videos, are video recordings where a view in every direction is recorded at the same time, shot using an omnidirectional camera or a collection of cameras.
3G, short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology.
3G-324M is the 3GPP umbrella protocol for video telephony in 3G mobile networks.
3GP (3GPP file format) is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for 3G UMTS multimedia services.
The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration between groups of telecommunications standards associations, known as the Organizational Partners.
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