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Vikram Samvat

Index Vikram Samvat

Vikram Samvat (विक्रम सम्वत्, विक्रम सम्वत्) (abbreviated as V.S. (or VS) or B.S. (or BS))) (also called the Bikrami calendar or sometimes just Hindu calendar) is the historical Hindu calendar of India and Nepal. It uses lunar months and solar sidereal years. It is used as the official calendar in Nepal. [1]

75 relations: Amavasya, Ashadh (Nepali calendar), Ashwin (Nepali calendar), Azes era, Azes I, Baishakh, Bhadra (Nepali calendar), Bhaktapur, Bisket Jatra, Buddha's Birthday, Buddhist calendar, Chaitra, Chaitra (Nepali calendar), Chandragupta II, Chauhan, Constitution of India, D. R. Bhandarkar, Degree (angle), Dholpur, Diwali, East India, Falgun, Fortnight, Full moon, Gregorian calendar, Gujarat, Hindi, Hindu, Hindu calendar, Hindu units of time, India, Indian national calendar, Indian subcontinent, Indo-Scythians, Islamic calendar, Jainism, Jestha (Nepali calendar), Kalhana, Kartik (Nepali calendar), Longitude, Lunar day, Lunar month, Magh (Nepali calendar), Maharashtra, Malavas, Mangsir, Masa, Nanakshahi calendar, Nepal, Nepali language, ..., New moon, North India, Oxford University Press, Paithan, Paksha, Poush, Rajatarangini, Ritu (Indian season), Rudolf Hoernlé, Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, Shrawan (Nepali calendar), Sidereal year, Sikh, Sikhism, Sistan, The Free Press Journal, Tithi, Ujjain, Vaisakha, Vesak, Vijayamitra, Vikramaditya, Vincent Arthur Smith, Vira Nirvana Samvat, Yashodharman. Expand index (25 more) »


Amāvásyā means New moon lunar phase in Sanskrit.

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Ashadh (Nepali calendar)

Āshādh (आषाढ) or Asār (असार) is the third month in the Bikram Samvat, the official Nepali calendar.

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Ashwin (Nepali calendar)

Ashwin (आश्विन) also known as Asoj (असोज) is the sixth month in the Bikram Sambat, the official Nepali calendar.

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Azes era

The "Azes era" (also known as the Aja/Ajasa era), was named after the Indo-Scythian king, "King Azes the Great" or Azes I. As a number of inscriptions are dated in this era it is of great importance in dating the reigns of several kings and events in early Indian history.

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Azes I

Azes I (Greek: Ἄζης; c. 48/47 BCE – 25 BCE) was an Indo-Scythian ruler who completed the domination of the Scythians in Gandhara.

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Baishākh (बैशाख) is the first month in the Bikram Samvat calendar, the official Nepali calendar.

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Bhadra (Nepali calendar)

Bhadra (भाद्र) also known as Bhadau (भदौ) is the fifth month in the Bikram Sambat, the official Nepali calendar.

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Bhaktapur (भक्तपुर), literally translates to Place of devotees.

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Bisket Jatra

Biska Jatra is an annual event in Bhaktapur, Dhapasi Thimi and Tokha and various places in Nepal.

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Buddha's Birthday

Buddha's Birthday is a holiday traditionally celebrated in most of East Asia to commemorate the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha and founder of Buddhism.

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Buddhist calendar

The Buddhist calendar is a set of lunisolar calendars primarily used in mainland Southeast Asian countries of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Thailand as well as in Sri Lanka and Chinese populations of Malaysia and Singapore for religious or official occasions.

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Chaitra is a month of the Hindu calendar.

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Chaitra (Nepali calendar)

Chaitra (चैत्र) also known as Chait (चैत) is the last (12th) month in the Bikram Sambat, the official Nepali calendar.

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Chandragupta II

Chandragupta II (also known as Chandragupta Vikramaditya) was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta Empire in India.

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Chauhan, Chouhan, Chohan, or Chohhan, is a Rajput caste from northern and western India.

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Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.

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D. R. Bhandarkar

Devadatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar (1875–1950) (देवदत्त रामकृष्ण भांडारकर) was an Indian archaeologist and epigraphist who worked with the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

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Degree (angle)

A degree (in full, a degree of arc, arc degree, or arcdegree), usually denoted by ° (the degree symbol), is a measurement of a plane angle, defined so that a full rotation is 360 degrees.

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Dholpur is a city in eastern-most parts of the Rajasthan state of India.

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Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).

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East India

East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

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Fālgun or Phālgun (ফাগুন, फाल्गुन) is the eleventh month in the Bengali calendar and Nepali calendar.

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A fortnight is a unit of time equal to 14 days (2 weeks).

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Full moon

The full moon is the lunar phase when the Moon appears fully illuminated from Earth's perspective.

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Gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.

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Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.

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Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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Hindu calendar

Hindu calendar is a collective term for the various lunisolar calendars traditionally used in India.

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Hindu units of time

Hindu texts describe units of Kala measurements, from microseconds to Trillions of years.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indian national calendar

The Indian national calendar, sometimes called the Shalivahana Shaka calendar, is used along with the Vikram Samvat calendar.

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Indian subcontinent

The Indian subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

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Indo-Scythians is a term used to refer to Scythians (Sakas), who migrated into parts of central, northern and western South Asia (Sogdiana, Bactria, Arachosia, Gandhara, Sindh, Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra) from the middle of the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD.

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Islamic calendar

The Islamic, Muslim, or Hijri calendar (التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī) is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days.

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Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.

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Jestha (Nepali calendar)

Jestha (जेठ or ज्येष्ठ jyeṣṭh) is the second month in Bikram Samwat, the official Nepali calendar.

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Kalhana (sometimes spelled Kalhan or Kalhan'a) (c. 12th century), a Kashmiri, was the author of Rajatarangini (River of Kings), an account of the history of Kashmir.

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Kartik (Nepali calendar)

Kartik (कार्तिक) is the seventh month in the Vikram Samvat, the official Calendar for Nepalese.

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Longitude, is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a point on the Earth's surface.

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Lunar day

A lunar day is the period of time for Earth's Moon to complete one rotation on its axis with respect to the Sun.

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Lunar month

In lunar calendars, a lunar month is the time between two successive syzygies (new moons or full moons).

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Magh (Nepali calendar)

Magh (माघ) is the tenth month in Bikram Sambat or B.S., the official and Hindu religious calendar of Nepal.

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Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.

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The Malavas or Malwas were an ancient Indian tribe settled in the present-day North-western Madhya Pradesh state in India, which is known as Malwa after them.

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Mangsir (मंसिर or मार्ग) is the eighth month in the Bikram Samwat, the official Nepali calendar.

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Masa or masa harina is a maize (corn) flour or dough that has been soaked and cooked in an alkaline solution in the nixtamalization process.

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Nanakshahi calendar

The Nanakshahi (ਨਾਨਕਸ਼ਾਹੀ) calendar is a tropical solar calendar which is used in Sikhism and is based on the 'Barah Maha' (ਬਾਰਹ ਮਾਹਾ).

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Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

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Nepali language

Nepali known by endonym Khas-kura (खस कुरा) is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari.

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New moon

In astronomy, the new moon is the first lunar phase, when the Moon and Sun have the same ecliptic longitude.

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North India

North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Paithan (Paiṭhaṇ), formerly Pratiṣṭhāna, is a town with municipal council in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India.

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Paksha (or pakṣa: पक्ष) refers to a fortnight or a lunar phase in a month of the Hindu lunar calendar.

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Poush (পৌষ; पौष) is the 9th month of both the Bengali calendar and the Nepali calendar.

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Rajatarangini ("The River of Kings") is a metrical legendary and historical chronicle of the north-western Indian subcontinent, particularly the kings of Kashmir.

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Ritu (Indian season)

Ritu (ऋतु, ঋতু) defines "season" in different calendars around the South Asian countries of India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, and there are six ritus (also transliterated rutu) or seasons.

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Rudolf Hoernlé

Augustus Frederic Rudolf Hoernlé (often Hoernle), CIE (1841–1918) was a German-British Orientalist.

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Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee

The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (or SGPC) is an organization in India responsible for the management of gurdwaras, Sikh places of worship in three states of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh and union territory of Chandigarh.

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Shrawan (Nepali calendar)

Shrawan (श्रावन or श्रावण) also known as Saaun (साउन) is the fourth month in the Bikram Sambat, the official Nepali calendar.

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Sidereal year

A sidereal year (from Latin sidus "asterism, star") is the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun once with respect to the fixed stars.

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A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.

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Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.

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Sīstān (Persian/Baloch/Pashto: سیستان), known in ancient times as Sakastan (Persian/Baloch/Pashto: ساكاستان; "the land of the Saka"), is a historical and geographical region in present-day eastern Iran (Sistan and Baluchestan Province), southern Afghanistan (Nimruz, Kandahar) and the Nok Kundi region of Balochistan (western Pakistan).

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The Free Press Journal

The Free Press Journal is an Indian English-language daily newspaper that was established in 1930 by Swaminathan Sadanand, who also acted as its first editor.

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In Vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for the longitudinal angle between the Moon and the Sun to increase by 12°.

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Ujjain is the largest city in Ujjain district of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

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Vaisakha (వైశాఖ) Vaishakha (वैशाख) Boishakh or Baisakha(বৈশাখ) Vaikasi(வைகாசி) (Hindi: बैसाख) (Odia: ବୈଶାଖ)(बैशाख) is a month of the Hindu calendar that corresponds to April/May in the Gregorian Calendar.

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Vesak (Pali: Vesākha, Vaiśākha), also known as Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists and some Hindus on different days in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia and the Philippines and in China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam as "Buddha's Birthday" as well as in other parts of the world.

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Vijayamitra (ruled 12 BCE - 20 CE) was an Indo-Scythian king of the Apracas in Bajaur, western Pakistan.

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Vikramaditya (IAST) was a legendary emperor of ancient India.

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Vincent Arthur Smith

Vincent Arthur Smith,, (1848–1920) was a British Indologist and art historian.

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Vira Nirvana Samvat

The Vira Nirvana Samvat (era) is a calendar era beginning on 15 October 527 BCE.

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Yashodharman (r. 515 - 545) was a ruler of Malwa, in central India, during the early part of the 6th century.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikram_Samvat

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