152 relations: Adelaide Tosi, Adelson e Salvini, Alessandro Sanquirico, Alexandre Dumas, Alexandre Soumet, Amalia Schütz Oldosi, Amanda Holden (writer), Andrea Leone Tottola, Anna Bolena, Antonio Tamburini, Aria, Bartolomeo Merelli, Beatrice di Tenda, Bel canto, Bianca e Fernando, Breeches role, Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Carlo Coccia, Carlo Pepoli, Casa Ricordi, Catania, Cavatina, Charles Osborne (music writer), Claque, Claudia Muzio, Comédie-Italienne, Composizioni da Camera (Bellini), Counterpoint, Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso, Cylinder Audio Archive, Domenico Barbaia, Domenico Donzelli, Domenico Gilardoni, Domenico Reina, Eugène Scribe, Federico Ricci, Felice Romani, Felix Mendelssohn, Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, Francesco Florimo, Francis I of the Two Sicilies, Franz Liszt, Frédéric Chopin, Gaetano Donizetti, Gazzetta di Milano, Genoa, George Sand, Giacomo Tritto, Gioachino Rossini, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, ..., Giovanni Battista Rubini, Giovanni David, Giovanni Furno, Giovanni Pacini, Giovanni Paisiello, Giuditta Pasta, Giulia Grisi, Giulietta e Romeo (Vaccai), Giuseppe Persiani, Giuseppe Verdi, Hector Berlioz, Heinrich Heine, Henriette Méric-Lalande, Her Majesty's Theatre, Hernani (drama), I Capuleti e i Montecchi, I puritani, Il pirata, Infanticide, Intendant, Italians, Jacques-François Ancelot, Jean-Louis Aumer, Joseph Haydn, Kingdom of Sicily, La Cenerentola, La Fenice, La Scala, La somnambule, ou L'arrivée d'un nouveau seigneur, La sonnambula, La straniera, La zingara, Legion of Honour, Louis Philippe I, Louis-Désiré Véron, Luigi Cherubini, Luigi Lablache, Luigi Ricci (composer), Luigi Scevola, Maria Caterina Rosalbina Caradori-Allan, Maria Malibran, Marino Faliero (opera), Mayr, Michele Carafa, Mikhail Glinka, Milan, Music conservatories of Naples, Music theory, Musicology, Naples, Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli, Niccolò Paganini, Niccolò Tommaseo, Nicola Vaccai, Norma (opera), Oboe Concerto (Bellini), Old Mortality, Opéra-Comique, Opera, Opera semiseria, Operabase, Paris, Paris Opera, Parisina, Park Theatre (Manhattan), Parma, Pastoral, Père Lachaise Cemetery, Pietro Metastasio, Puteaux, Richard Wagner, Salon (gathering), Saverio Mercadante, Semiramide, Sleepwalking, Soprano sfogato, Stanley Sadie, Stretta procedure, Stretto, Teatro Carcano, Teatro Carlo Felice, Teatro della Pergola, Teatro di San Carlo, Teatro Massimo Bellini, Teatro Regio (Parma), Tessitura, The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, Trill (music), University of California, Santa Barbara, Vaga luna, che inargenti, Valentino Fioravanti, Venice, Victor Hugo, Vincenzo Gioberti, Voltaire, Walter Scott, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, X. B. Saintine, Zaira (opera), Zaire, 19th-Century Music. Expand index (102 more) » « Shrink index
Adelaide Tosi (– 27 March 1859) was an Italian operatic soprano.
Adelson e Salvini (Adelson and Salvini) is a three-act opera semi-seria composed by Vincenzo Bellini from a libretto by Andrea Leone Tottola.
Alessandro Sanquirico (Milan, 27 July 1777 – Milan, 12 March 1849) was an Italian scenic designer, architect, and painter.
Alexandre Dumas (born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père ("father"), was a French writer.
Alexandre Soumet (February 18, 1788March 30, 1845) was a French poet.
Amalie Schütz (22 January 1803 – 21 September 1852) known under the stage name Amalia Schütz Oldosi, was an early 19th-century Austrian soprano who performed in Austria, France, England and Italy.
Amanda Juliet Holden (born 19 January 1948) is a British musician, librettist and translator.
Andrea Leone Tottola (died 15 September 1831) was a prolific Italian librettist, best known for his work with Gaetano Donizetti and Gioachino Rossini.
Anna Bolena is a tragic opera (tragedia lirica) in two acts composed by Gaetano Donizetti.
Antonio Tamburini (28 March 1800 – 8 November 1876) was an Italian operatic baritone.
An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.
Bartolomeo Merelli (19 May 1794 – 10 April 1879Warrack & West 1997, p. 463.) was an Italian impresario and librettist, best known as the manager of the La Scala Milan opera house between 1829 and 1850, and for his support for the young Giuseppe Verdi.
Beatrice di Tenda is a tragic opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini, from a libretto by Felice Romani, after the play of the same name by.
Bel canto (Italian for "beautiful singing" or "beautiful song"), along with a number of similar constructions ("bellezze del canto"/"bell'arte del canto"), is a term relating to Italian singing.
Bianca e Fernando (Bianca and Fernando) is an opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini.
A breeches role (also pants role or trouser role, travesti or "Hosenrolle") is a role in which an actress appears in male clothing.
Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri (10 August 1810 – 6 June 1861), generally known as Cavour, was an Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification.
Carlo Coccia (14 April 1782 – 13 April 1873) was an Italian opera composer.
Count Carlo Pepoli (22 July 1796 – 7 December 1881) was an Italian politician and journalist.
Casa Ricordi is a publisher of primarily classical music and opera.
Catania is the second largest city of Sicily after Palermo located on the east coast facing the Ionian Sea.
Cavatina (Italian diminutive of cavata, the producing of tone from an instrument, plural cavatine) is a musical term, originally meaning a short song of simple character, without a second strain or any repetition of the air.
Charles Thomas Osborne (24 November 1927 – 23 September 2017) was an Australian journalist, theatre and opera critic, poet and novelist.
A claque is an organized body of professional applauders in French theatres and opera houses.
Claudia Muzio (7 February 1889 – 24 May 1936) was an Italian operatic soprano who enjoyed an international career during the early 20th century.
Comédie-Italienne or Théâtre-Italien are French names which have been used to refer to Italian-language theatre and opera when performed in France.
The Composizioni da Camera is a set of fifteen collected compositions for voice and piano by the Italian opera composer, Vincenzo Bellini.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
Cristina Trivulzio di Belgiojoso (28 June 1808, Milan, Lombardy, Italy5 July 1871, near Milan) was an Italian noblewoman who played a prominent part in Italy's struggle for independence.
The Cylinder Audio Archive is a free digital collection maintained by the University of California, Santa Barbara Library with streaming and downloadable versions of over 10,000 phonograph cylinders manufactured between 1893 and the mid-1920s.
Domenico Barbaia (also spelled Barbaja; 10 August 1777 – 19 October 1841) was best known as an opera Italian impresario.
Domenico Donzelli (February 2, 1790 – March 31, 1873) was an Italian tenor with a robust voice who enjoyed an important career in Paris, London and his native country during the 1808-1841 period.
Domenico Gilardoni (1798–1831) was an Italian opera librettist, most well known for his collaborations with the composers Vincenzo Bellini (his first work) and Gaetano Donizetti.
Domenico Reina (July 14, 1796 – July 29, 1843) was a Swiss bel canto tenor, notable for creating roles in the operas of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, Saverio Mercadante, and other Italian composers. He was born in Lugano, studied in Milan and made his operatic debut in 1820. He joined John Ebers's company at the King's Theatre, Haymarket and in 1823 sang in the first London performances of Gioachino Rossini's operas Ricciardo e Zoraide, La donna del lago and Matilde di Shabran. Reina returned to Italy and sang in the theatres of Rome, Venice, Turin, Bologna, Parma and Livorno. At La Scala, Milan, he created in 1829 the leading role of Arturo in Bellini's La straniera, in 1834 that of Tamas in Donizetti's Gemma di Vergy and in 1835 that of Leicester in his Maria Stuarda. At the Teatro San Carlo, Naples, he created the role of Decio in Mercadante's La vestale in 1840. Other Mercadante operas in which Reina created roles were Il conte di Essex (La Scala, 1833), Uggero il danese (Bergamo, 1834) and La gioventù di Enrico V (La Scala, 1834). Other composers in whose operas Reina sang at the first performances were.
Augustin Eugène Scribe (24 December 179120 February 1861) was a French dramatist and librettist.
Federico Ricci (22 October 1809 – 10 December 1877), was an Italian composer, particularly of operas.
Felice Romani (31 January 178828 January 1865) was an Italian poet and scholar of literature and mythology who wrote many librettos for the opera composers Donizetti and Bellini.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo; Ferdinannu Carlu; 12 January 1810 – 22 May 1859) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1830 until his early death in 1859.
Francesco Florimo (12 October 1800 – 18 December 1888) was an Italian librarian, musicologist, historian of music, and composer.
Francis I of the Two Sicilies (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe; 19 August 1777 – 8 November 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830.
Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferencz, in modern usage Liszt Ferenc;Liszt's Hungarian passport spelt his given name as "Ferencz". An orthographic reform of the Hungarian language in 1922 (which was 36 years after Liszt's death) changed the letter "cz" to simply "c" in all words except surnames; this has led to Liszt's given name being rendered in modern Hungarian usage as "Ferenc". From 1859 to 1867 he was officially Franz Ritter von Liszt; he was created a Ritter (knight) by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1859, but never used this title of nobility in public. The title was necessary to marry the Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein without her losing her privileges, but after the marriage fell through, Liszt transferred the title to his uncle Eduard in 1867. Eduard's son was Franz von Liszt. 22 October 181131 July 1886) was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary during the Romantic era.
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer.
The Gazzetta di Milano (also known as the Gazzetta privilegiata di Milano from 1830 to 1848) was an Italian newspaper published in Milan from 1816 until 1875.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876), best known by her nom de plume George Sand, was a French novelist and memoirist.
Giacomo Domenico Mario Antonio Pasquale Giuseppe Tritto (2 April 1733 – 16 September 1824) was an Italian composer, known primarily for his 54 operas.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giovanni Battista Draghi (4 January 1710 – 16 or 17 March 1736), often referred to as Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, was an Italian composer, violinist and organist.
Giovanni Battista Rubini (7 April 1794 – 3 March 1854) was an Italian tenor, as famous in his time as Enrico Caruso in a later day.
Giovanni David (15 September 1790 in Naples – 1864 in Saint Petersburg) was an Italian tenor particularly known for his roles in Rossini operas.
Giovanni Furno (Capua, January 1, 1748 – Naples, June 20, 1837) was an Italian composer and famous music teacher.
Giovanni Pacini (17 February 17966 December 1867) was an Italian composer, best known for his operas.
Giovanni Paisiello (or Paesiello; 9 May 1740 – 5 June 1816) was an Italian composer of the Classical era, and was the most popular opera composer of the late 1700s.
Giuditta Angiola Maria Costanza Pasta (née Negri; 26 October 1797 – 1 April 1865) was an Italian soprano opera singer.
Giulia Grisi (22 May 1811 – 29 November 1869) was an Italian opera singer.
Giulietta e Romeo (Juliet and Romeo) is an opera in two acts by the Italian composer Nicola Vaccai.
Giuseppe Persiani (11 September 1799 – 13 August 1869) was an Italian opera composer.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic.
Henriette Méric-Lalande (1798 – 7 September 1867) was a French operatic soprano, one of the leading sopranos of the early 19th century.
Her Majesty's Theatre is a West End theatre situated on Haymarket in the City of Westminster, London.
Hernani (Full title: Hernani, ou l'Honneur Castillan) is a drama by the French romantic author Victor Hugo.
I Capuleti e i Montecchi (The Capulets and the Montagues) is an Italian opera (Tragedia lirica) in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini.
(The Puritans) is an opera in by Vincenzo Bellini.
Il pirata (The Pirate) is an opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini with an Italian libretto by Felice Romani which was based on a three-act mélodrame from 1826: Bertram, ou le Pirate (Bertram, or The Pirate) by Charles Nodier and Isidore Justin Séverin Taylor). This play was itself based upon a French translation of the five-act verse tragedy Bertram, or The Castle of St. Aldobrand by Charles Maturin which appeared in London in 1816. The original play has been compared with Bellini's opera and the influence of Il pirata on Gaetano Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor has been noted. Also, Bellini's recycling of his own music in this opera has been analyzed, as well as his utilizing "a more self-consciously innovative compositional style" and participating more in work on the libretto, as compared with prior efforts where he was more deferential to the librettists chosen by the Naples opera management and the corresponding texts. In addition, 19th-century commentary refers to the musical influence of Il pirata on the early Richard Wagner opera Das Liebesverbot.
Infanticide (or infant homicide) is the intentional killing of infants.
The title of intendant (intendant, Portuguese and intendente) has been used in several countries through history.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Jacques-Arsène-Polycarpe-François Ancelot (9 January 1794 – 7 September 1854) was a French dramatist and litterateur.
Jean-Louis Aumer was a French danseur and choreographer, who was born in Strasbourg on 21 April 1774, and who died in Saint-Martin-de-Boscherville in July 1833.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
The Kingdom of Sicily (Regnum Siciliae, Regno di Sicilia, Regnu di Sicilia, Regne de Sicília, Reino de Sicilia) was a state that existed in the south of the Italian peninsula and for a time Africa from its founding by Roger II in 1130 until 1816.
(Cinderella, or Goodness Triumphant) is an operatic dramma giocoso in two acts by Gioachino Rossini.
Teatro La Fenice ("The Phoenix") is an opera house in Venice, Italy.
La Scala (abbreviation in Italian language for the official name Teatro alla Scala) is an opera house in Milan, Italy.
La somnambule is a ballet-pantomime composed by Ferdinand Hérold and premiered on 19 September 1827 at the Académie Royale de Musique.
La sonnambula (The Sleepwalker) is an opera semiseria in two acts, with music in the bel canto tradition by Vincenzo Bellini set to an Italian libretto by Felice Romani, based on a scenario for a ballet-pantomime written by Eugène Scribe and choreographed by Jean-Pierre Aumer called La somnambule, ou L'arrivée d'un nouveau seigneur.
La straniera (The Foreign Woman) is an opera in two acts with music by Vincenzo Bellini to an Italian libretto by Felice Romani, based on the novel L'Étrangère (2 vols, 1825) by Charles-Victor Prévot, vicomte d'Arlincourt, although writer Herbert Weinstock also adds that it is "more likely a dramatization of in Italian by Giovan Carlo, barone di Cosenza" since he then quotes a letter from Bellini to his friend Francesco Florimo in which he says that Romani "certainly will not follow the play" The opera was composed in the autumn of 1828 and premiered on 14 February 1829 at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan.
La zingara (The Gypsy Girl) is an opera semiseria in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti, set to a libretto by Andrea Leone Tottola after La petite bohémienne (The Little Gypsy) by Louis-Charles Caigniez, which was itself derived from a work of August von Kotzebue.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.
Louis-Désiré Véron (1798 in Paris – September 27, 1867 in Paris) was a French opera manager and publisher.
Luigi Cherubini (8 or 14 SeptemberWillis, in Sadie (Ed.), p. 833 1760 – 15 March 1842) was a Classical and pre-Romantic composer from Italy who spent most of his working life in France.
Luigi Lablache (6 December 179423 January 1858) was an Italian opera singer of French and Irish heritage.
Luigi Ricci (8 July 1805 – 31 December 1859), was an Italian composer, particularly of operas.
Luigi Scevola (born Brescia, 1770 - died Milan, 1819) was an Italian dramatist.
Maria Caterina Rosalbina Caradori-Allan (1800–1865) was a French operatic soprano.
Maria Felicia Malibran (24 March 1808 – 23 September 1836) was a Spanish mezzo-soprano who commonly sang both contralto and soprano parts, and was one of the best-known opera singers of the 19th century.
Marino Faliero (or Marin Faliero) is a tragedia lirica, or tragic opera, in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti.
Mayr is a German surname.
Michele Enrico Carafa di Colobrano (17 November 1787 – 26 July 1872) was an Italian opera composer.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Mikhaíl Ivánovich Glínka) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
The Naples Conservatory of Music is a music school located in Naples, Italy.
Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music.
Musicology is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli (4 April 1752 – 5 May 1837) was an Italian composer, chiefly of opera.
Niccolò (or Nicolò) Paganini (27 October 178227 May 1840) was an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer.
Niccolò Tommaseo (9 October 1802 – 1 May 1874) was an Italian linguist, journalist and essayist, the editor of a Dizionario della Lingua Italiana in eight volumes (1861–74), of a dictionary of synonyms (1830) and other works.
Nicola Vaccai (15 March 1790 – 5 or 6 August 1848) was an Italian composer, particularly of operas, and a singing teacher.
Norma is a tragedia lirica or opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini with libretto by Felice Romani after Norma, ou L'infanticide (Norma, or The Infanticide) by Alexandre Soumet.
The Oboe Concerto in E-flat major is an oboe concerto by Vincenzo Bellini, most likely composed in 1823.
Old Mortality is a novel by Sir Walter Scott set in the period 1679–89 in south west Scotland.
The Opéra-Comique is a Parisian opera company, which was founded around 1714 by some of the popular theatres of the Parisian fairs.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Opera semiseria ('semi-serious opera') is an Italian genre of opera, popular in the early and middle 19th century.
Operabase is an online database of opera performances, opera houses and companies, and performers themselves as well as their agents.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Opera (French) is the primary opera company of France.
Parisina is a poem written by Lord Byron.
The Park Theatre, originally known as the New Theatre, was a playhouse in New York City, located at 21, 23, and 25 Park Row, about east of Ann Street and backing Theatre Alley.
Parma (Pärma) is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna famous for its prosciutto (ham), cheese, architecture, music and surrounding countryside.
A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasture.
Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise,; formerly,, "Cemetery of the East") is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris, although there are larger cemeteries in the city's suburbs.
Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi, better known by his pseudonym of Pietro Metastasio (3 January 1698 – 12 April 1782), was an Italian poet and librettist, considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti.
Puteaux is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas").
A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.
Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante (baptised 17 September 179517 December 1870) was an Italian composer, particularly of operas.
Semiramide is an opera in two acts by Gioachino Rossini.
Sleepwalking, also known as somnambulism or noctambulism, is a phenomenon of combined sleep and wakefulness.
Soprano sfogato ("Vented" soprano) is a term which, in the art of singing, designates a contralto or mezzo-soprano who is capable—by sheer industry or natural talent—of extending her upper range and being able to encompass the coloratura soprano tessitura.
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
Stretta is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that delivers radiofrequency energy in the form of electromagnetic waves through electrodes at the end of a catheter to the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the gastric cardia - the region of the stomach just below the LES.
In music the Italian term stretto has two distinct meanings.
The Teatro Carcano is a theatre in Milan, Italy located at 63 Corso di Porta Romana.
The Teatro Carlo Felice is the principal opera house of Genoa, Italy, used for performances of opera, ballet, orchestral music, and recitals.
The Teatro della Pergola is a historic opera house in Florence, Italy.
The Real Teatro di San Carlo (Royal Theatre of Saint Charles), its original name under the Bourbon monarchy but known today as simply the Teatro di San Carlo, is an opera house in Naples, Italy.
The Teatro Massimo Bellini is an opera house in Catania, Sicily, southern Italy.
The Teatro Regio di Parma, originally constructed as the Nuovo Teatro Ducale (New Ducal Theatre),Martini, "Before the Teatro Regio", pp.
In music, tessitura (pl. tessiture, "texture") is the most esthetically acceptable and comfortable vocal range for a given singer or, less frequently, musical instrument; the range in which a given type of voice presents its best-sounding (or characteristic) timbre.
The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject.
The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, commonly known as Drury Lane, is a West End theatre and Grade I listed building in Covent Garden, London, England.
The trill (or shake, as it was known from the 16th until the 19th century) is a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes, usually a semitone or tone apart, which can be identified with the context of the trill.
The University of California, Santa Barbara (commonly referred to as UC Santa Barbara or UCSB) is a public research university and one of the 10 campuses of the University of California system.
"" (Beautiful moon, dappling with silver) is an arietta composed by Vincenzo Bellini to an anonymous Italian text and dedicated to Giulietta Pezzi.
Valentino Fioravanti (11 September 1764 – 16 June 1837) was a celebrated Italian composer of opera buffas.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
Vincenzo Gioberti (5 April 1801 – 26 October 1852) was an Italian philosopher, publicist and politician.
François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on Christianity as a whole, especially the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.
Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Xavier Boniface Saintine (10 July 1798 – 21 January 1865) was a French dramatist and novelist.
Zaira is a tragedia lirica, or tragic opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini set to a libretto by Felice Romani which was based on Voltaire's 1732 tragedy, Zaïre.
Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (République du Zaïre), was the name for the Democratic Republic of the Congo that existed between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa.
19th-Century Music is a U.S. triannual music journal published by University of California Press, in Berkeley, California, and established in 1977.