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Index Viol

The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings. [1]

190 relations: Alain Corneau, Alexander Goehr, Alison Crum, André Bouys, Andrew Keeling, Antoine Forqueray, Arnhem, Arnold Dolmetsch, Arpeggione, Articulation (music), Étienne Loulié, Baroque music, Barrington Pheloung, Barry Guy, Baryton, Bass bar, Bass guitar, Bülent Arel, Bernardo Strozzi, Bow (music), Broken consort, Bruce Adolphe, Byzantine lyra, Carl Friedrich Abel, Catgut, Cello, Cello da spalla, Chest of viols, Chord (music), Chordophone, Christopher Simpson, Cittern, Consort of instruments, Copper, Damping ratio, Daniel Pinkham, David Loeb (composer), Diego Ortiz, Division viol, Domenichino, Double bass, Dresden, Drone (music), Duncan Druce, Early Modern English, Early music, Effects unit, Elizabeth I of England, Elvis Costello, England, ..., English language, Equal temperament, Equalization (audio), Feature film, Figured bass, Fingerboard, France, Fret, Fretwork (music group), Gavin Bryars, Georg Philipp Telemann, George Benjamin (composer), Germany, Giorgio Pacchioni, Guitar, Guitar and Lute Workshop, Hans Gerle, Hans Judenkönig, Harpsichord, Hebrews, Henry Purcell, Henry Vega, Hille Perl, Institute of Sonology, Instrument amplifier, Italian language, Ivan Moody (composer), Jean Rousseau (violist), Jean-Baptiste Barrière, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Schenck, Johannes Tinctoris, John Dowland, John Jenkins (composer), John Tavener, John Woolrich, Jordi Savall, Kevin Volans, Key (music), Kinnor, Latin, Le Sieur Danoville, Le Sieur de Machy, Les Voix Humaines, Linen, Louis XIV of France, Lute, Lyra viol, Major third, Marin Marais, Martin Agricola, Meantone temperament, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Michael Nyman, Michael Starke (composer), Microphone, Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe, Moondog, Nacre, Netherlands, Nevel (instrument), Nico Muhly, Ogg, Organ stop, Orlando Gough, Orpharion, Paolo Pandolfo, Pardessus de viole, Percy Scholes, Perfect fifth, Perfect fourth, Peter Lely, Peter Sculthorpe, Phantasm (music group), Pickup (music technology), Pipe organ, Pizzicato, Poul Ruders, Public address system, Rebab, Renaissance music, Reverberation, Roman Turovsky-Savchuk, Rome, Rose Consort of Viols, Rosette (design), Sally Beamish, Scroll (music), Scuola Grande di San Marco, Sebastian Virdung, Seymour Barab, Silvestro Ganassi dal Fontego, Simon Bainbridge, Solid body, Solo (music), Sound hole, Sound post, Soundtrack, Spain, Spanish language, Spinet, String instrument, Tablature, Tan Dun, The Baltimore Consort, Thea Musgrave, Thomas Gainsborough, Thomas Mace, Tina Chancey, Tison Street, Tobias Hume, Tony Overwater, Tous les Matins du Monde, Toyohiko Satoh, Treatise, Twelfth Night, University of Vienna, Variation (music), Vellum, Venice, Verse anthem, Vielle, Vihuela, Viola, Viola bastarda, Viola d'amore, Viola pomposa, Violetta (instrument), Violin, Violin family, Violone, Virginals, Virtuoso, Vittorio Ghielmi, Wieland Kuijken, William Byrd, William Lawes, William Presser, William Shakespeare, 12 Fantasias for Viola da Gamba (Telemann). Expand index (140 more) »

Alain Corneau

Alain Corneau (7 August 1943 – 30 August 2010) was a French film director and writer.

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Alexander Goehr

Peter Alexander Goehr (born 10 August 1932) is an English composer and academic.

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Alison Crum

Alison Crum (born 23 November 1949, in the United Kingdom), is an English viol player.

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André Bouys

André Bouys, a French portrait painter and mezzotint engraver, was born at Hyères about the year 1656.

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Andrew Keeling

Andrew Keeling is a classical composer.

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Antoine Forqueray

Antoine Forqueray (September 1672 – 28 June 1745) was a French composer and virtuoso of the viola da gamba.

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Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.

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Arnold Dolmetsch

Eugène Arnold Dolmetsch (24 February 1858 – 28 February 1940), was a French-born musician and instrument maker who spent much of his working life in England and established an instrument-making workshop in Haslemere, Surrey.

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Arpeggione built in 1968 by Henning Aschauer following specifications of Alfred Lessing The arpeggione is a six-stringed musical instrument, fretted and tuned like a guitar, but bowed like a cello, and thus similar to the bass viola da gamba.

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Articulation (music)

In music, articulation is the direction or performance technique which affects the transition or continuity on a single note or between multiple notes or sounds.

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Étienne Loulié

Étienne Loulié, pronounced, (1654 – 16 July 1702) was a musician, pedagogue and musical theorist.

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Baroque music

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.

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Barrington Pheloung

Barrington Somers Pheloung (born 10 May 1954) is an Australian composer based in England.

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Barry Guy

Barry John Guy (born 22 April 1947, in London) is a British composer and double bass player.

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The baryton is a bowed string instrument similar to the viol, but distinguished by an extra set of plucked strings.

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Bass bar

In a string instrument, the bass bar is a brace running from the foot of the neck to a position under the bridge, which bears much of the tension of the strings.

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Bass guitar

The bass guitar (also known as electric bass, or bass) is a stringed instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and four to six strings or courses.

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Bülent Arel

Bülent Arel (23 April 1919 – 24 November 1990) was a Turkish-born composer of contemporary classical music and electronic music.

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Bernardo Strozzi

Bernardo Strozzi, named il Cappuccino and il Prete Genovese (c. 1581 – 2 August 1644) was an Italian Baroque painter and engraver.

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Bow (music)

In music, a bow is a tensioned stick with hair affixed to it that is moved across some part of a musical instrument to cause vibration, which the instrument emits as sound.

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Broken consort

In English early Baroque music, a broken consort is an ensemble featuring instruments from more than one family, for example a group featuring both string and wind instruments.

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Bruce Adolphe

Bruce Adolphe (born May 31, 1955) is a U.S. composer and music scholar, the author of several books on music, and pianist.

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Byzantine lyra

The Byzantine lyra or lira (λύρα) was a medieval bowed string musical instrument in the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire.

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Carl Friedrich Abel

Carl Friedrich Abel (22 December 1723 – 20 June 1787) was a German composer of the Classical era.

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Catgut is a type of cord that is prepared from the natural fibre found in the walls of animal intestines.

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The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.

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Cello da spalla

The violoncello da spalla, known informally as the cello da spalla, is a small cello played braced against the shoulder.

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Chest of viols

Chest of viols is a term which was used primarily in the 16th and 17th centuries in England for either a consort of viols, or the specialized cabinet made to contain a small consort of viols, usually containing six: two treble, two tenor, and two bass viols,Taruskin, Richard (2009).

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Chord (music)

A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously.

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A chordophone is a musical instrument that makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points.

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Christopher Simpson

Christopher Simpson (1602/1606–1669) was an English musician and composer, particularly associated with music for the viola da gamba.

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The cittern or cithren (Fr. cistre, It. cetra, Ger. zitter, zither, Sp. cistro, cedra, cítola) is a stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance.

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Consort of instruments

A consort of instruments was a phrase used in England during the 16th and 17th centuries to indicate an instrumental ensemble.

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Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Damping ratio

Damping is an influence within or upon an oscillatory system that has the effect of reducing, restricting or preventing its oscillations.

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Daniel Pinkham

Daniel Rogers Pinkham, Jr. (June 5, 1923 – December 18, 2006) was an American composer, organist, and harpsichordist.

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David Loeb (composer)

David Loeb (born May 1, 1939) is an American composer of contemporary classical music.

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Diego Ortiz

Diego Ortiz (c. 1510 – c. 1570) was a Spanish composer and music theorist in service to the Spanish viceroy of Naples and later to Philip II of Spain.

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Division viol

The division viol is an English type of bass viol, which was originally popular in the mid-17th century, but is currently experiencing a renaissance of its own due to the movement for historically informed performance.

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Domenico Zampieri, known as Domenichino for his shortness (October 21, 1581 – April 6, 1641), was an Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese or Carracci School of painters.

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Double bass

The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

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Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.

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Drone (music)

In music, a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout most or all of a piece.

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Duncan Druce

Robert Duncan Druce (23 May 193913 October 2015) was an English composer, string player and musicologist, noted for his breadth of musical interests ranging from contemporary music to baroque and early music, as well as music of India.

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Early Modern English

Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.

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Early music

Early music generally comprises Medieval music (500–1400) and Renaissance music (1400–1600), but can also include Baroque music (1600–1760).

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Effects unit

An effects unit or effects pedal is an electronic or digital device that alters the sound of a musical instrument or other audio source.

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Elizabeth I of England

Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.

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Elvis Costello

Declan Patrick MacManus (born 25 August 1954), better known by his stage name Elvis Costello, is an English musician, singer, songwriter, composer, record producer, author, television presenter, and occasional actor.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Equal temperament

An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.

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Equalization (audio)

Equalization or equalisation is the process of adjusting the balance between frequency components within an electronic signal.

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Feature film

A feature film is a film (also called a motion picture or movie) with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program.

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Figured bass

Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.

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The fingerboard (also known as a fretboard on fretted instruments) is an important component of most stringed instruments.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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A fret is a raised element on the neck of a stringed instrument.

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Fretwork (music group)

Fretwork is a consort of viols based in England, United Kingdom.

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Gavin Bryars

Richard Gavin Bryars (born 16 January 1943) is an English composer and double bassist.

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Georg Philipp Telemann

Georg Philipp Telemann (– 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist.

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George Benjamin (composer)

Sir George William John Benjamin, CBE (born 31 January 1960) is an English composer of classical music.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Giorgio Pacchioni

Giorgio Pacchioni (born July 16, 1947) is an Italian performer, professor, and composer.

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The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.

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Guitar and Lute Workshop

The Guitar and Lute Workshop (GLW) was a manufacturer of custom guitars, ukuleles, and period stringed instruments based in Honolulu, Hawaii between 1970 and 1976.

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Hans Gerle

Hans Gerle (c.1500, Nuremberg - 1570, Nuremberg) was a German lutenist and arranger of the Renaissance.

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Hans Judenkönig

Hans Judenkönig (also Judenkunig or Judenkünig) (c. 1450 – 4 March 1526) was a German lutenist of the Renaissance.

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A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.

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Hebrews (Hebrew: עברים or עבריים, Tiberian ʿIḇrîm, ʿIḇriyyîm; Modern Hebrew ʿIvrim, ʿIvriyyim; ISO 259-3 ʕibrim, ʕibriyim) is a term appearing 34 times within 32 verses of the Hebrew Bible.

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Henry Purcell

Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.

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Henry Vega

Henry Vega (born 1973) is an award-winning composer and Electroacoustic musician from New York City, currently living in The Hague, Netherlands.

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Hille Perl

Hille Perl (born Hildegard Perl in 1965, in Bremen) is a German virtuoso performer of the viola da gamba and lirone.

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Institute of Sonology

The Institute of Sonology is an education and research center for electronic music and computer music based at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague in the Netherlands.

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Instrument amplifier

An instrument amplifier is an electronic device that converts the often barely audible or purely electronic signal of a musical instrument into an audible sound.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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Ivan Moody (composer)

Ivan Moody, British composer, was born in London in 1964, and studied composition with Brian Dennis at London University, William Brooks at York University and privately with John Tavener.

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Jean Rousseau (violist)

Jean Rousseau (1 October 1644 – 1 June 1699) was a French viol player, theorist, composer, and author remembered principally for his Traité de la viole (1687), a valuable source of information on the performance practices of his time, as well as on techniques used in the construction of viols.

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Jean-Baptiste Barrière

Jean-Baptiste Barrière (2 May 1707 – 6 June 1747) was a French cellist and composer.

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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.

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Johannes Schenck

Johannes Schenck (or Schenk, 3 June 1660–after 1712) was a Dutch musician and composer.

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Johannes Tinctoris

Jehan le Taintenier or Jean Teinturier, Latinised in Johannes Tinctoris (aka Jean de Vaerwere) (c. 1435 – 1511) was a Renaissance composer and music theorist from the Low Countries.

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John Dowland

John Dowland (1563 – buried 20 February 1626) was an English Renaissance composer, lutenist, and singer.

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John Jenkins (composer)

John Jenkins (1592–1678), English composer, was born in Maidstone, Kent, and died at Kimberley, Norfolk.

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John Tavener

Sir John Kenneth Tavener (28 January 1944 – 12 November 2013) was an English composer, known for his extensive output of religious works, including The Protecting Veil, Song for Athene and The Lamb.

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John Woolrich

John Woolrich (born 1954 in Cirencester) is an English composer.

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Jordi Savall

Jordi Savall i Bernadet (born August 1, 1941) is a Spanish conductor and viol player.

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Kevin Volans

Kevin Volans (born 26 July 1949) is a South African born Irish composer and pianist.

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Key (music)

In music theory, the key of a piece is the group of pitches, or scale, that forms the basis of a music composition in classical, Western art, and Western pop music.

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Kinnor (כִּנּוֹר) is an ancient Israelite musical instrument, the exact identification of which is unclear, but in the modern day is generally translated as "harp" or "lyre", and associated with a type of lyre depicted in Israelite imagery, particular the Bar Kochba coins.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Le Sieur Danoville

Le Sieur Danoville (fl. late 17th century) was a French gambist and instrumental teacher.

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Le Sieur de Machy

Machy, known as Le Sieur de Machy (fl. second half the 17th century) was a French viol player, composer, and teacher remembered principally for his Pièces de Violle en Musique et en Tablature (1685), a valuable source of information on the performance practices of his time.

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Les Voix Humaines

Les Voix Humaines is a Canadian viol consort.

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Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.

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Louis XIV of France

Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.

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A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.

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Lyra viol

The lyra viol is a small bass viol, used primarily in England in the seventeenth century.

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Major third

In classical music from Western culture, a third is a musical interval encompassing three staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major third is a third spanning four semitones.

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Marin Marais

Marin Marais (31 May 1656, Paris – 15 August 1728, Paris) was a French composer and viol player.

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Martin Agricola

Martin Agricola (6 January 1486 – 10 June 1556) was a German composer of Renaissance music and a music theorist.

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Meantone temperament

Meantone temperament is a musical temperament, that is a tuning system, obtained by slightly compromising the fifths in order to improve the thirds.

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Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.

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Michael Nyman

Michael Laurence Nyman, CBE (born 23 March 1944) is an English composer of minimalist music, pianist, librettist and musicologist, known for numerous film scores (many written during his lengthy collaboration with the filmmaker Peter Greenaway), and his multi-platinum soundtrack album to Jane Campion's The Piano.

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Michael Starke (composer)

Michael Starke (born 1955) is an American neo-baroque composer.

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A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.

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Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe

Jean de Sainte-Colombe (ca. 1640–1700) was a French composer and violist.

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Louis Thomas Hardin (May 26, 1916 – September 8, 1999), also known as Moondog, was an American musician, composer, theoretician, poet and inventor of several musical instruments.

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Nacre (also), also known as mother of pearl, is an organic-inorganic composite material produced by some molluscs as an inner shell layer; it also makes up the outer coating of pearls.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Nevel (instrument)

The nevel or nebel (נֵ֤בֶל nêḇel) was a stringed instrument used by the ancient Hebrew people.

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Nico Muhly

Nico Muhly (born August 26, 1981) is an American contemporary classical music composer and arranger who has worked and recorded with both classical and pop musicians.

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Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.

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Organ stop

An organ stop (or just stop) is a component of a pipe organ that admits pressurized air (known as wind) to a set of organ pipes.

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Orlando Gough

Orlando Gough (born 1953 in Brighton, Sussex) is a British composer, educated at Oxford, and noted for projects written for ballet, contemporary dance and theatre.

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The orpharion or opherion is a plucked stringed instrument from the Renaissance, a member of the cittern family.

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Paolo Pandolfo

Paolo Pandolfo is an Italian virtuoso player, composer, and teacher of music for the viola da gamba.

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Pardessus de viole

The pardessus de viole is the highest-pitched member of the viol family of instruments.

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Percy Scholes

Percy Alfred Scholes M.A., Hon.D.Mus.

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Perfect fifth

In music theory, a perfect fifth is the musical interval corresponding to a pair of pitches with a frequency ratio of 3:2, or very nearly so.

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Perfect fourth

In classical music from Western culture, a fourth spans exactly four letter names (staff positions), while a perfect fourth (harmonic series) always involves the same interval, regardless of key (sharps and flats) between letters. A perfect fourth is the relationship between the third and fourth harmonics, sounding neither major nor minor, but consonant with an unstable quality (additive synthesis). In the key of C, the notes C and F constitute a perfect fourth relationship, as they're separated by four semitones (C, C#, D, D#, E, F). Up until the late 19th century, the perfect fourth was often called by its Greek name, diatessaron. A perfect fourth in just intonation corresponds to a pitch ratio of 4:3, or about 498 cents, while in equal temperament a perfect fourth is equal to five semitones, or 500 cents. The perfect fourth is a perfect interval like the unison, octave, and perfect fifth, and it is a sensory consonance. In common practice harmony, however, it is considered a stylistic dissonance in certain contexts, namely in two-voice textures and whenever it appears above the bass. If the bass note also happens to be the chord's root, the interval's upper note almost always temporarily displaces the third of any chord, and, in the terminology used in popular music, is then called a suspended fourth. Conventionally, adjacent strings of the double bass and of the bass guitar are a perfect fourth apart when unstopped, as are all pairs but one of adjacent guitar strings under standard guitar tuning. Sets of tom-tom drums are also commonly tuned in perfect fourths. The 4:3 just perfect fourth arises in the C major scale between G and C.

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Peter Lely

Sir Peter Lely (14 September 1618 – 30 November 1680) was a painter of Dutch origin whose career was nearly all spent in England, where he became the dominant portrait painter to the court.

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Peter Sculthorpe

Peter Joshua Sculthorpe AO OBE (29 April 1929 – 8 August 2014) was an Australian composer.

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Phantasm (music group)

Phantasm is a viol consort based in England.

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Pickup (music technology)

A pickup is a transducer that captures or senses mechanical vibrations produced by musical instruments, particularly stringed instruments such as the electric guitar, and converts these to an electrical signal that is amplified using an instrument amplifier to produce musical sounds through a loudspeaker in a speaker enclosure.

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Pipe organ

The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.

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Pizzicato (pizzicato, translated as pinched, and sometimes roughly as plucked) is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument.

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Poul Ruders

Poul Ruders (born 27 March 1949, in Ringsted) is a Danish composer.

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Public address system

A public address system (PA system) is an electronic system comprising microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and related equipment.

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The rebab (ربابة, rabāb, variously spelled rebap, rabab, rebeb, rababa and rabeba, also known as جوزه jawza or joza in Iraq) is a type of a bowed string instrument so named no later than the 8th century and spread via Islamic trading routes over much of North Africa, the Middle East, parts of Europe, and the Far East.

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Renaissance music

Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era.

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Reverberation, in psychoacoustics and acoustics, is a persistence of sound after the sound is produced.

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Roman Turovsky-Savchuk

Roman Turovsky-Savchuk (Ukrainian: Роман Туровський-Савчук) is an American artist-painter, photographer and videoinstallation artist, as well as a lutenist-composer,http://www.concertzender.nl/kairos-een-meditatie-op-hedendaagse-muziek-5/.

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Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).

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Rose Consort of Viols

The Rose Consort of Viols is an English ensemble of viol players who perform mainly early consort music, including works by Orlando Gibbons, John Dowland, and Henry Purcell.

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Rosette (design)

A rosette is a round, stylized flower design.

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Sally Beamish

Sally Beamish (born 26 August 1956) is a British composer and violist.

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Scroll (music)

A scroll is the decoratively carved beginning of the neck of certain stringed instruments, mainly members of the violin family.

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Scuola Grande di San Marco

The Scuola Grande di San Marco is a building in Venice, Italy.

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Sebastian Virdung

Sebastian Virdung (born c. 1465) was a German composer and theorist on musical instruments.

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Seymour Barab

Seymour Barab (January 9, 1921 – died June 28, 2014) was an American composer of opera, songs and instrumental and chamber music, as well as a cellist, organist and pianist.

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Silvestro Ganassi dal Fontego

Silvestro di Ganassi dal Fontego, also given as Sylvestro di Ganassi dal Fontego, Silvestro Ganasi dal Fontego, and Silvestro dal Fontego (1 January 1492 – 1565) was a Venetian musician and author of two important treatises on instrumental technique.

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Simon Bainbridge

Simon Bainbridge (born 30 August 1952) is a British composer, and a professor and former head of composition at the Royal Academy of Music, London, and visiting professor at the University of Louisville, Kentucky in the United States.

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Solid body

A solid-body musical instrument is a string instrument such as a guitar, bass or violin built without its normal sound box and relying on an electromagnetic pickup system to directly receive the vibrations of the strings.

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Solo (music)

In music, a solo (from the solo, meaning alone) is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung featuring a single performer, who may be performing completely alone or supported by an accompanying instrument such as a piano or organ, a continuo group (in Baroque music), or the rest of a choir, orchestra, band, or other ensemble.

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Sound hole

A sound hole is an opening in the body of a stringed musical instrument, usually the upper sound board.

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Sound post

In a string instrument, the sound post or soundpost is a dowel inside the instrument under the treble end of the bridge, spanning the space between the top and back plates and held in place by friction.

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A soundtrack, also written sound track, can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture, book, television program or video game; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound.

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Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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A spinet is a smaller type of harpsichord or other keyboard instrument, such as a piano or organ.

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String instrument

String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.

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Tablature (or tabulature, or tab for short) is a form of musical notation indicating instrument fingering rather than musical pitches.

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Tan Dun

Tan Dun (born 18 August 1957) is a Chinese contemporary classical composer and conductor, most widely known for his scores for the movies Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and Hero, as well as composing music for the medal ceremonies at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

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The Baltimore Consort

The Baltimore Consort is a musical ensemble that performs a wide variety of early music, Renaissance music and music from later periods.

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Thea Musgrave

Thea Musgrave CBE (born 27 May 1928) is a Scottish composer of opera and classical music.

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Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough FRSA (14 May 1727 (baptised) – 2 August 1788) was an English portrait and landscape painter, draughtsman, and printmaker.

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Thomas Mace

Thomas Mace (1612 or 1613 – c. 1706) was an English lutenist, viol player, singer, composer and musical theorist of the Baroque era.

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Tina Chancey

Tina Chancey is a multi-instrumentalist specializing in early bowed strings from the rebec and vielle to the kamenj, viol and lyra viol.

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Tison Street

Tison C. Street (born May 20, 1943 in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American composer of contemporary classical music and violinist.

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Tobias Hume

Tobias Hume (possibly 1579 – 16 April 1645) was a Scottish composer, viol player and soldier.

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Tony Overwater

Tony Overwater (Rotterdam, March 24, 1965) is a Dutch jazz bassist (acoustic bass and violone) and composer of jazz and improvisational music.

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Tous les Matins du Monde

Tous les matins du monde (English translation: All the Mornings of the World) is a 1991 French film based on the book of the same name.

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Toyohiko Satoh

is a Japanese lutenist and composer.

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A treatise is a formal and systematic written discourse on some subject, generally longer and treating it in greater depth than an essay, and more concerned with investigating or exposing the principles of the subject.

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Twelfth Night

Twelfth Night, or What You WillUse of spelling, capitalization, and punctuation in the First Folio: "Twelfe Night, Or what you will" is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written around 1601–1602 as a Twelfth Night's entertainment for the close of the Christmas season.

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University of Vienna

The University of Vienna (Universität Wien) is a public university located in Vienna, Austria.

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Variation (music)

In music, variation is a formal technique where material is repeated in an altered form.

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Vellum is prepared animal skin or "membrane" used as a material for writing on.

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Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Verse anthem

In religious music, the verse anthem is a type of choral music, or song, distinct from the motet or 'full' anthem (i.e. for full choir).

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The vielle is a European bowed stringed instrument used in the Medieval period, similar to a modern violin but with a somewhat longer and deeper body, three to five gut strings, and a leaf-shaped pegbox with frontal tuning pegs, sometimes with a figure-8 shaped body.

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The vihuela is a guitar-shaped string instrument from 15th and 16th century Spain, Portugal and Italy, usually with five or six doubled strings.

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The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.

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Viola bastarda

Viola bastarda refers to a highly virtuosic style of composition or extemporaneous performance, as well as to the altered viols created to maximize players' ability to play in this style.

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Viola d'amore

The viola d'amore (Italian for "love viol") is a 7- or 6-stringed musical instrument with sympathetic strings used chiefly in the baroque period.

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Viola pomposa

The viola pomposa (also known as the violino pomposo) is a five-stringed instrument developed around 1725.

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Violetta (instrument)

The violetta was a 16th-century musical instrument.

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The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.

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Violin family

The violin family of musical instruments was developed in Italy in the 16th century.

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The term violone (literally "large viol" in Italian, "-one" being the augmentative suffix) can refer to several distinct large, bowed musical instruments which belong to either the viol or violin family.

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The virginals or virginal is a keyboard instrument of the harpsichord family.

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A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso or, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field such as fine arts, music, singing, playing a musical instrument, or composition.

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Vittorio Ghielmi

Vittorio Ghielmi (born 1968) is an Italian musician (viola da gamba), conductor, composer.

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Wieland Kuijken

Wieland Kuijken (born Dilbeek, 31 August 1938) is a Belgian musician and player of the viola da gamba and baroque cello.

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William Byrd

William Byrd (birth date variously given as c.1539/40 or 1543 – 4 July 1623), was an English composer of the Renaissance.

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William Lawes

William Lawes (April 160224 September 1645) was an English composer and musician.

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William Presser

William Henry Presser (19 April 1916, Saginaw, Michigan – 20 August 2004, Lafayette, Louisiana) was a prominent American composer, violinist, and a publisher of American chamber music particularly for brass and woodwinds.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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12 Fantasias for Viola da Gamba (Telemann)

Georg Philipp Telemann's collection of Twelve Fantasias for Viola da Gamba Solo, TWV 40:26–37, was published in Hamburg in 1735, titled Fantaisies pour la Basse de Violle.

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Redirects here:

Bass Viol, Bass viol, Basse de viol, Basse de viole, Consort of viols, Da Gamba, Da gamba, De Gamba, De gamba, Gambist, Knee fiddle, Leg lyre, Leg viol, Viol consort, Viol da gamba, Viol de gamba, Viol family, Viol-de-gamboys, Viola Da Gamba, Viola da gamba, Viola de arco, Viola de gamba, Violas da gamba, Viols.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viol

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