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Viral envelope

Index Viral envelope

Some viruses (e.g. HIV and many animal viruses) have viral envelopes covering their protective protein capsids. [1]

31 relations: Adenoviridae, Bacterial capsule, Bunyavirales, Capsid, Cell envelope, Cell membrane, Coronavirus, Desiccation, Detergent, Filoviridae, Flavivirus, Genome, Glycoprotein, Hepadnaviridae, Hepatitis D, Herpesviridae, Host (biology), Immune system, Infection, Lipid bilayer, Orthomyxoviridae, Papillomaviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Phospholipid, Picornavirus, Poxviridae, Receptor (biochemistry), Retrovirus, Rhabdoviridae, Togaviridae, Virus.


Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.

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Bacterial capsule

Some bacterial cells are surrounded by a viscous substance forming a covering layer or envelope around the cell wall.

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Bunyavirales is an order of negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses.

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A capsid is the protein shell of a virus.

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Cell envelope

The cell envelope comprises the inner cell membrane and the cell wall of a bacterium, if present, plus a bacterial outer membrane (i.e. in gram-negative bacteria).

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Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).

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Coronaviruses are species of virus belonging to the subfamily Coronavirinae in the family Coronaviridae, in the order Nidovirales.

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Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying.

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A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.

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The family Filoviridae is the taxonomic home of several related viruses (filoviruses or filovirids) that form filamentous infectious viral particles (virions), and encode their genome in the form of single-stranded negative-sense RNA.

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Flavivirus is a genus of viruses in the family Flaviviridae.

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In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

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Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to amino acid side-chains.

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Hepadnaviridae is a family of viruses.

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Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D (hepatitis delta) is a disease caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV), a small spherical enveloped virusoid.

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Herpesviridae is a large family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in animals, including humans.

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Host (biology)

In biology and medicine, a host is an organism that harbours a parasitic, a mutualistic, or a commensalist guest (symbiont), the guest typically being provided with nourishment and shelter.

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Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

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Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

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Lipid bilayer

The lipid bilayer (or phospholipid bilayer) is a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.

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The Orthomyxoviruses (ὀρθός, orthós, Greek for "straight"; μύξα, mýxa, Greek for "mucus") are a family of RNA viruses that includes seven genera: Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Influenza virus D, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus.

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Papillomaviridae is an ancient taxonomic family of non-enveloped DNA viruses, collectively known as papillomaviruses.

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Paramyxoviridae is a family of viruses in the order Mononegavirales.

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Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.

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A picornavirus is a virus belonging to the family Picornaviridae, a family of viruses in the order Picornavirales.

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Poxviridae is a family of viruses.

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Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.

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A retrovirus is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA virus with a DNA intermediate and, as an obligate parasite, targets a host cell.

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The Rhabdoviridae are a family of viruses in the order Mononegavirales.

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Togaviridae is a family of viruses.

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A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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Redirects here:

Envelope (biology), Envelope protein, Envelope proteins, Enveloped virus, Enveloped viruses, Non-enveloped, Nonenveloped, Viral coat, Viral envelope proteins, Viral envelopment, Viral membrane, Virus envelope.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viral_envelope

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