234 relations: Amber Road, Annopol, Augustów Canal, Auschwitz concentration camp, Łomianki, Śmiała Wisła, Świder, Świecie, Żuławy Wiślane, Baltic Sea, Baranów Sandomierski, Barania Góra, Bastarnae, Battle, Battle of the Bzura, Battle of Warsaw (1920), Bavarian Geographer, BBC News, Belarus, Biała (Vistula), Biała Góra, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Black Sea, Bochotnica, Brda (river), Brzeszcze, Bug River, Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz Canal, Bzura, Carpathian Mountains, Central Europe, Central Statistical Office (Poland), Chełmek, Chełmno, Ciechocinek, Congress Poland, Contract, Copenhagen, Czechowice-Dziedzice, Czerwińsk nad Wisłą, Danube, Daugava, Dęblin, Dłubnia Landscape Park, Diminutive, Dnieper, Dobrzyń nad Wisłą, Drainage basin, Drwęca, Dunajec, ..., Early Slavs, Eastern Europe, Egypt, Elbe, Elbląg, Elbląg (river), Encyclopædia Britannica, Fenni, Folwark, Góra Kalwaria, Gdańsk, Gdańsk Bay, Geography of Poland, Germania, Gniew, Goczałkowice-Zdrój, Gostynia, Grain, Granary, Greece, Grudziądz, Indo-European languages, Inland port, Invasion of Poland, Jan Długosz, Janowiec, January Uprising, Józefów, Józefów nad Wisłą, Kamienna (river), Karczew, Kazimierz Dolny, Knajka, Konrad I of Masovia, Konstancin-Jeziorna, Kozienice, Kraków, Krakus, Kurówka, Kwidzyn, Last glacial period, Latinisation of names, Legionowo, Leniwka, List of rivers of Poland, Lithuanian language, Lumber, Lusatian culture, Magnuszew, Malbork, Martwa Wisła, Metres above sea level, Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Modlin (Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki), Modlin Fortress, Morskie Oko, Motława, Mukhavets River, Narew, Natural History (Pliny), Neman, Nida (river), Niepołomice, Nieszawa, Nogat, North Sea, Northern Europe, Nowe, Nowe Brzesko, Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, Nowy Korczyn, Oświęcim, Oder, Oginski Canal, Old Norse, Opatowiec, Otwock, Partitions of Poland, Płock, Pilica (river), Pleistocene, Pliny the Elder, Połaniec, Poland, Poland in the Early Middle Ages, Polish tribes, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Polish–Soviet War, Pomeranians (Slavic tribe), Pomerelia, Pomponius Mela, Port, Prądnik (river), Princess Wanda, Pripyat River, Przekop, Przemsza, Przeworsk culture, Ptolemy, Puławy, Quaternary, Raba (river), Radomka, Radunia, Red Army, Rhine, Riga, River delta, River source, Rudawa (river), Saint Ursula, Salt, Sambor II, Duke of Pomerania, San (river), Sandomierz, Sandomierz Castle, Sanna (Vistula), Sanskrit, Sarmatians, Silesian Beskids, Silesian Voivodeship, Skawa, Skawina, Skawinka, Skoczów, Skrwa Lewa, Skrwa Prawa, Slavic paganism, Slovakia, Sluice, Soła, Solec Kujawski, Solec nad Wisłą, Stalag XX-B, Stephen Báthory, Strumień, Suicide, Szczucin, Szkarpawa, Sztum, Tarnobrzeg, Tatra Mountains, Tczew, Teutonic Order, Teutonic takeover of Danzig (Gdańsk), Toruń, Trześniówka, Ukraine, Ustroń, Veleti, Viešinta, Vistula (disambiguation), Vistula Lagoon, Vistula Land, Vistula Spit, Vistula Veneti, Vistula–Oder Offensive, Vistulans, Vizsla, Warka, Warsaw, Warsaw Uprising, Wawel Castle, Włocławek, Wda, Wehrmacht, Weichselian glaciation, Weser, West Slavs, Westerplatte, Wiślica, Widsith, Wieprz, Wierzyca, Wilga (Garwolin), Wilga, Masovian Voivodeship, Wincenty Kadłubek, Wisła, Wisłoka, World War II, Wyszogród, Zakroczym, Zator, Zawichost. Expand index (184 more) » « Shrink index
The Amber Road was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber from coastal areas of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.
Annopol is a small town in south-eastern Poland (historic Lesser Poland), with 2,679 inhabitants (2004) in Kraśnik County.
The Augustów Canal (Kanał Augustowski,, Аўгустоўскі канал) is a cross-border canal built in the 19th century in the present-day Podlaskie Voivodeship of northeastern Poland and the Grodno Region of north-western Belarus (then the Augustów Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland).
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
Łomianki is a town in Warsaw West County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland.
The Śmiała Wisła is a distributary river branch of the Vistula in Poland flowing to Gdańsk Bay.
Świder is a river in Masovia, Poland.
Świecie (Schwetz) is a town in northern Poland with 25,968 inhabitants (2006), situated in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (since 1999); it was in Bydgoszcz Voivodeship from 1975 to 1998.
Żuławy Wiślane (fens, plural from "żuława") is the alluvial delta area of Vistula, in large part reclaimed artificially by means of dykes, pumps, channels (over 17000 km of total length) and extensive drainage system.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
Baranów Sandomierski is a small town in southern Poland, in the Subcarpathian Voivodship, Tarnobrzeg County on the Vistula River, with 1,440 inhabitants (02.06.2009).
Barania Góra (Polish for "Ram Mountain") is a mountain in southern Poland.
The Bastarnae (Latin variants: Bastarni, or Basternae; Βαστάρναι or Βαστέρναι) were an ancient people who between 200 BC and 300 AD inhabited the region between the Carpathian mountains and the river Dnieper, to the north and east of ancient Dacia.
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants.
The Battle of the Bzura (or the Battle of Kutno) was the largestThe Second World War: An Illustrated History, Putnam, 1975,, battle of the 1939 German invasion of Poland, fought between 9 and 19 SeptemberSources vary regarding the end date, some giving 18 September while others 19 September.
The Battle of Warsaw refers to the decisive Polish victory in 1920 during the Polish–Soviet War.
The epithet "Bavarian Geographer" (Geographus Bavarus) is the conventional name for the anonymous author of a Latin medieval text containing a list of the tribes in central-eastern Europe, headed Descriptio civitatum et regionum ad septentrionalem plagam Danubii.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Biała (Bialka) is a river in southern Poland, a right tributary of the Vistula, around long.
Biała Góra (German Weissenberg) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Sztum, within Sztum County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Bochotnica is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Kazimierz Dolny, within Puławy County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
The Brda (Brahe) is a river in northwestern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula.
Brzeszcze is a town in Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship in southern Poland, near Oświęcim.
The Bug River (Bug or Western Bug; Західний Буг, Zakhidnyy Buh, Захо́дні Буг, Zakhodni Buh; Западный Буг, Zapadnyy Bug) is a major European river which flows through three countries with a total length of.
Bydgoszcz (Bromberg; Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers.
Bydgoszcz Canal (Bromberger Kanal) is a canal, 24.7 km long, between the cities of Bydgoszcz and Nakło in Poland, connecting Vistula river with Oder river, through Brda and Noteć rivers (the latter ending in the Warta river which itself ends in Oder).
The Bzura is a river in central Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river (in Wyszogród), with a length of 173 kilometres and a basin area of 7,764 km2.
The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a mountain range system forming an arc roughly long across Central and Eastern Europe, making them the second-longest mountain range in Europe (after the Scandinavian Mountains). They provide the habitat for the largest European populations of brown bears, wolves, chamois, and lynxes, with the highest concentration in Romania, as well as over one third of all European plant species.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
The Central Statistical Office (Główny Urząd Statystyczny; GUS) is Poland's chief government executive agency charged with collecting and publishing statistics related to the country's economy, population, and society, at the national and local levels.
Chełmek is a town in Lesser Poland Voivodeship in southern Poland.
Chełmno (older Culm) is a town in northern Poland near the Vistula river with 20,000 inhabitants and the historical capital of Chełmno Land.
Ciechocinek (1939-45 Hermannsbad) is a spa town in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, located on the Vistula River about east of Aleksandrów Kujawski and south-east of the city of Toruń.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
A contract is a promise or set of promises that are legally enforceable and, if violated, allow the injured party access to legal remedies.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Czechowice-Dziedzice (Czechowice-Dźydźice) is a town in Bielsko County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland with 35,498 inhabitants (2012).
Czerwińsk nad Wisłą is a village in Płońsk County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
The Daugava (Daugova) or Western Dvina is a river rising in the Valdai Hills, Russia, flowing through Russia, Belarus, and Latvia and into the Gulf of Riga.
Dęblin is a town, population 16,656 (as of 2016), at the confluence of Vistula and Wieprz rivers, in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland.
Dłubnia Landscape Park (Dłubniański Park Krajobrazowy) is a protected area (Landscape Park) in southern Poland, established in 1981, covering an area of.
A diminutive is a word that has been modified to convey a slighter degree of its root meaning, to convey the smallness of the object or quality named, or to convey a sense of intimacy or endearment.
The Dnieper River, known in Russian as: Dnepr, and in Ukrainian as Dnipro is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising near Smolensk, Russia and flowing through Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.
Dobrzyń nad Wisłą (Dobrin an der Weichsel) is a town in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
The Drwęca (Drewenz, Druvinčia) is a river in northern Poland and a tributary of the Vistula river near Toruń, forming a part of the city's administrative boundary.
The Dunajec is a river running through southern Poland.
The early Slavs were a diverse group of tribal societies who lived during the Migration Period and Early Middle Ages (approximately the 5th to the 10th centuries) in Eastern Europe and established the foundations for the Slavic nations through the Slavic states of the High Middle Ages.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
Elbląg (Elbing; Old Prussian: Elbings) is a city in northern Poland on the eastern edge of the Żuławy region with 124,257 inhabitants (December 31, 2011).
The Elbląg (Old English: Ilfing,, Polish: Elbląg) is a river in northwest Poland connecting Lake Drużno with the Vistula Lagoon.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The Fenni were an ancient people of northeastern Europe, first described by Cornelius Tacitus in Germania in AD 98.
Folwark (фальварак, Falvarak; Vorwerk; Palivarkas) is a Polish word for a primarily serfdom-based farm and agricultural enterprise (a type of latifundium), often very large.
Góra Kalwaria is a town on the Vistula River in the Mazovian Voivodship, Poland, about southeast of Warsaw.
Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.
Gdansk Bay or the Bay of Gdansk Zatoka Gdańska; Gduńskô Hôwinga; Гданьская бухта, Gdan'skaja bukhta, and Danziger Bucht) is a southeastern bay of the Baltic Sea. It is named after the adjacent port city of Gdańsk in Poland and is sometimes referred to as the Gulf of Gdańsk.
Poland is a country in Central Europe with an area of 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq. mi.), and mostly temperate climate.
"Germania" was the Roman term for the geographical region in north-central Europe inhabited mainly by Germanic peoples.
Gniew (Mewe; Gniéw) is a town situated on the left bank of the Vistula River, in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 6,870 inhabitants (2016).
Goczałkowice-Zdrój (Bad Gottschalkowitz) is a village in Pszczyna County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland.
Gostynia is a river of southern Poland, a left tributary of the Vistula.
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.
A granary is a storehouse or room in a barn for threshed grain or animal feed.
Grudziądz (Graudenz, Graudentum or Graudentium or Grudentia); the form Grudentia is used by, e.g., A. Lentz, Philologus 23 (1866), p. 175.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
An inland port is a port on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
Jan Długosz (1 December 1415 – 19 May 1480), also known as Ioannes, Joannes, or Johannes Longinus or Dlugossius, was a Polish priest, chronicler, diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków.
Janowiec is a village in Puławy County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
The January Uprising (Polish: powstanie styczniowe, Lithuanian: 1863 m. sukilimas, Belarusian: Паўстанне 1863-1864 гадоў, Польське повстання) was an insurrection instigated principally in the Russian Partition of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against its occupation by the Russian Empire.
Józefów is a town in east-central Poland, located in Masovian Voivodeship, in Otwock County.
Józefów nad Wisłą is a small town in Opole Lubelskie County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
Kamienna is a river in central Poland, a left tributary of the Vistula.
Karczew is a town in Otwock County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland, with 10,271 inhabitants (2010).
Kazimierz Dolny (קוזמיר Kuzmir) is a small town in central eastern Poland, on the right (eastern) bank of the Vistula river in Puławy County, Lublin Voivodeship.
Knajka is a stream in the Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland, in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
Konrad I of Masovia (Konrad I Mazowiecki) (ca. 1187/88 – 31 August 1247), from the Polish Piast dynasty, was the sixth Duke of Masovia and Kujawy from 1194 until his death as well as High Duke of Poland from 1229 to 1232 and again from 1241 to 1243.
Konstancin-Jeziorna is a town in Piaseczno County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland, with 17,566 inhabitants (as of March 2011, according to GUS).
Kozienice (קאזשניץ Kozhnits; Koschnitz) is a town in central Poland with 21,500 inhabitants (1995).
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Krakus, Krak or Grakch was a Polish prince, first real king and founder of Kraków, the ruler of the tribe of Lechitians (Poles).
Kurówka is a river in South-East Poland, a right tributary of Vistula River.
Kwidzyn (Latin: Quedin; Marienwerder; Prussian: Kwēdina) is a town in northern Poland on the Liwa river in the Powiśle (right bank of Vistula) region, with 40,008 inhabitants (2004).
The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.
Latinisation or Latinization is the practice of rendering a non-Latin name (or word) in a Latin style.
Legionowo is a town in Masovia (Mazowsze).
The Leniwka is a river in northern Poland, one of the branches of the Vistula.
Following is a list of rivers, which are at least partially, if not predominantly located within Poland.
Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300 BC – 500 BC) in most of today's Poland and parts of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, eastern Germany, and western Ukraine.
Magnuszew is a village in Kozienice County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
Malbork (Marienburg; Civitas Beatae Virginis) is a town in northern Poland in the Żuławy region (Vistula delta), with 38,478 inhabitants (2006).
The Martwa Wisła (literally "dead Vistula"; German: Tote Weichsel) is a river, one of the branches of the Vistula, flowing through the city of Gdańsk in northern Poland.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (Михаи́л Никола́евич Тухаче́вский; – June 12, 1937) was a leading Soviet military leader and theoretician from 1918 to 1937.
Modlin was a village near Warsaw in Poland near the banks of rivers Narew and Vistula.
Modlin Fortress (Polish Twierdza Modlin) is one of the biggest 19th century fortresses in Poland.
Morskie Oko (literally "Sea Eye" or "Eye of the Sea"; Morské oko, "Sea Eye"; Halas-tó, "Fish Lake") is the largest and fourth-deepest lake in the Tatra Mountains.
Motława is a river in Eastern Pomerania in Poland.
Mukhavets (Мухаве́ц (Muchaviec),, BGN/PCGN romanization: Mukhavyets) is a river in western Belarus, a tributary to the Bug River.
The Narew River (Нараў Naraŭ; Lithuanian: Narvė, Narevas, Naruva, Naura; Нарва Narva), in western Belarus and north-eastern Poland, is a right tributary of the Vistula river.
The Natural History (Naturalis Historia) is a book about the whole of the natural world in Latin by Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and naval commander who died in 79 AD.
The Neman, Nemunas, Nyoman, Niemen or Memel, a major Eastern European river.
The Nida is a river in central Poland, a left tributary of the Vistula river, into which it flows near Nowy Korczyn). The Nida has a length of 154 kilometres and a basin area of 3,844 km2. This includes the protected area called Nida Landscape Park. The Nida itself is made of two smaller rivers, the White Nida and the Black Nida, which merge in the village of Brzegi (near Checiny). It is a typical lowland river, with little difference in the water level. The valley of the Nida is wide, and covered with meadows. In its narrowest spot, the river is only 6 m wide, while in its widest spot, it is 79 m wide. The depth ranges from 0,4 to 2,6 m. The Nida is one of the warmest rivers of Poland; in the summer, its temperature reaches up to 27 degrees C.
Niepołomice is a town in southern Poland, situated in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Kraków Voivodeship (1975–1998).
Nieszawa (Nessau) is a town and a commune in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland.
The Nogat is a 62 km long delta branch of the Vistula River and does not empty at Gdańsk Bay as the main river does.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Northern Europe is the general term for the geographical region in Europe that is approximately north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea.
Nowe (Neuenburg in Westpreußen) is a town in Świecie County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 6,270 inhabitants (2004).
Nowe Brzesko is a town in Proszowice County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland.
Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, often simply referred to as Nowy Dwór, is a town in east-central Poland with ca.
Nowy Korczyn is a village in Busko County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland.
Oświęcim (Auschwitz; אָשפּיצין Oshpitzin) is a town in the Lesser Poland (Małopolska) province of southern Poland, situated west of Cracow, near the confluence of the Vistula (Wisła) and Soła rivers.
The Oder (Czech, Lower Sorbian and Odra, Oder, Upper Sorbian: Wódra) is a river in Central Europe.
The Oginski Canal is a canal in Belarus which connects Yaselda River and Shchara River.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
Opatowiec is a village in Kazimierza County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland.
Otwock is a town in central Poland, some southeast of Warsaw, with 42,765 inhabitants (2004).
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.
Płock (pronounced) is a city on the Vistula river in central Poland.
Pilica is a river in central Poland, the longest left tributary of the Vistula river, with a length of 333 kilometres (8th longest) and a basin area of 9,258 km2 (all in Poland).
The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
Połaniec is a town in Staszów County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland, with 8,406 inhabitants (2012).
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The most important phenomenon that took place within the lands of Poland in the Early Middle Ages, as well as other parts of Central Europe was the arrival and permanent settlement of the West Slavs.
"Polish tribes" is a term used sometimes to describe the tribes of West Slavs that lived in the territories that became Polish from around the mid-6th century to the creation of Polish state by the Piast dynasty.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
The Polish–Soviet War (February 1919 – March 1921) was fought by the Second Polish Republic, Ukrainian People's Republic and the proto-Soviet Union (Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine) for control of an area equivalent to today's western Ukraine and parts of modern Belarus.
The Pomeranians (Pomoranen; Pòmòrzónie; Pomorzanie) were a group of West Slavic tribes who lived along the shore of the Baltic Sea between the mouths of the Oder and Vistula Rivers (the latter Farther Pomerania and Pomerelia).
Pomerelia (Pomerelia; Pomerellen, Pommerellen), also referred to as Eastern Pomerania (Pomorze Wschodnie) or as Gdańsk Pomerania (Pomorze Gdańskie), is a historical region in northern Poland.
Pomponius Mela, who wrote around AD 43, was the earliest Roman geographer.
A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo.
Prądnik (also called Białucha in its lower course) is a river in Poland, running through the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland in Poland's Lesser Poland voivodeship.
Princess Wanda (reputedly lived in 8th century Poland) was the daughter of Krakus, legendary founder of Kraków.
The Pripyat River or Prypiat River (Прип’ять Prypyat′,; Прыпяць Prypiać,; Prypeć,; Припять Pripyat′) is a river in Eastern Europe, approximately long.
Przekop, (German: Weichseldurchstich) located in Poland, is a branch of the Vistula river in its delta.
Przemsza (Przemsa) is a river in the south of Poland, a tributary of the Vistula.
The Przeworsk culture is part of an Iron Age archaeological complex that dates from the 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Puławy is a city in eastern Poland, in Lublin Province of northern Lesser Poland, located at the confluence of the Wisła and Kurówka rivers.
Quaternary is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic Era in the geologic time scale of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS).
The Raba is a river in the south of Poland (Lesser Poland Voivodeship), right tributary to the river Vistula.
The Radomka is a river in central Poland and a left tributary of the Vistula.
The Radunia (Radaune) is a small river in Kashubia (Pomerelia), which issues from a lake and falls into the Motława (Mottlau) near Gdańsk (Danzig).
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water.
The source or headwaters of a river or stream is the furthest place in that river or stream from its estuary or confluence with another river, as measured along the course of the river.
Rudawa is a small river in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland; a tributary of the Vistula river.
Saint Ursula (Latin for 'little female bear') is a Romano-British Christian saint.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
Sambor II of Tczew (Sambor II Tczewski; c. 1211/1212 – December 1277 or 1278) was a duke of Pomerania and prince of Lubiszewo Tczewskie.
The San (San; Сян Sian; Saan) is a river in southeastern Poland and western Ukraine, a tributary of the Vistula River, with a length of 458 km (it is the 6th-longest Polish river) and a basin area of 16,877 km2 (14,426 km2 of it in Poland).
Sandomierz (pronounced:; Tsoizmer צויזמער) is a town in south-eastern Poland with 25,714 inhabitants (2006), situated in the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (since 1999).
The Sandomierz Royal Castle is a medieval structure in Sandomierz, Poland.
The Sanna is a tributary of the Vistula in Poland.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
The Sarmatians (Sarmatae, Sauromatae; Greek: Σαρμάται, Σαυρομάται) were a large Iranian confederation that existed in classical antiquity, flourishing from about the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD.
Silesian Beskids (Polish:, Czech:, Schlesische Beskiden) is one of the Beskids mountain ranges in Outer Western Carpathians in southern Silesian Voivodeship, Poland and the eastern Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic.
Silesian Voivodeship, or Silesia Province (województwo śląskie), Woiwodschaft Schlesien) is a voivodeship, or province, in southern Poland, centered on the historic region known as Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk), with Katowice serving as its capital. Despite the Silesian Voivodeship's name, most of the historic Silesia region lies outside the present Silesian Voivodeship — divided among Lubusz, Lower Silesian, and Opole Voivodeships — while the eastern half of Silesian Voivodeship (and, notably, Częstochowa in the north) was historically part of Lesser Poland. The Voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Katowice, Częstochowa and Bielsko-Biała Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It is the most densely populated voivodeship in Poland and within the area of 12,300 squared kilometres, there are almost 5 million inhabitants. It is also the largest urbanised area in Central and Eastern Europe. In relation to economy, over 13% of Poland’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is generated here, making the Silesian Voivodeship one of the wealthiest provinces in the country.
Skawa (Schaue) is a river in southern Poland, a right tributary of the Vistula.
Skawina is a town in southern Poland with 27,328 inhabitants (2008).
Skawinka is a river in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship of Poland, right tributary of the Vistula River with a length of 34 km and a drainage basin of 365 km².
Skoczów (Skotschau, Skočov) is a town and the seat of Gmina Skoczów in Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland with 14,783 inhabitants (2004).
Skrwa Lewa (Left Skrwa; in Polish also Skrwa Lewobrzeżna or Skrwa Południowa) is a river of Poland, a left tributary of the Vistula.
Skrwa Prawa (Right Skrwa; in Polish also Skrwa, Skrwa Północna, or Płosznica) is a river of Poland, a right tributary of the Vistula.
Slavic paganism or Slavic religion define the religious beliefs, godlores and ritual practices of the Slavs before the formal Christianisation of their ruling elites.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
A sluice (from the Dutch "sluis") is a water channel controlled at its head by a gate.
The Soła is a river in southern Poland, a right tributary of the Vistula.
Solec Kujawski (Schulitz) is a town with 15,505 inhabitants and an area of 176 km², situated 14 kilometres southeast of Bydgoszcz in Poland at.
Solec nad Wisłą is a village in Lipsko County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
Marienburg Stalag XXB or Stalag 20B Marienburg Danzig was a German POW camp in World War II.
Stephen Báthory (Báthory István; Stefan Batory; Steponas Batoras; 27 September 1533 – 12 December 1586) was Voivode of Transylvania (1571–76), Prince of Transylvania (1576–86), from 1576 Queen Anna Jagiellon's husband and jure uxoris King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1576-1586).
Strumień (Schwarzwasser, Strumeň) is a town and the seat of Gmina Strumień, in Cieszyn County, in the Silesian Voivodeship (province) of southern Poland, on the Vistula River.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Szczucin is a town in Dąbrowa County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland.
The Szkarpawa is a river in the Vistula delta of northern Poland.
Sztum (Stuhm) is a town in northern Poland in the Powiśle region, located in the Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Tarnobrzeg (דזיקאוו - Jikov) is a city in south-eastern Poland (historic Lesser Poland), on the east bank of the river Vistula, with 49,419 inhabitants, as of December 31, 2009.
The Tatra Mountains, Tatras or Tatra (Tatry either in Slovak or in Polish- plurale tantum), is a mountain range that forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland.
Tczew (Dërszewò) is a town on the Vistula River in Eastern Pomerania, Kociewie, northern Poland with 60,279 inhabitants (June 2009).
The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.
The city of Danzig (Gdańsk) was captured by the State of the Teutonic Order on 13 November 1308, resulting in a massacre of its inhabitants and marking the beginning of tensions between Poland and the Teutonic Order.
Toruń (Thorn) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River.
Trześniówka is a river in Poland, a right tributary of the Vistula (near the city of Sandomierz).
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Ustroń (Ustron) is a health resort town in Cieszyn Silesia, southern Poland.
The Veleti (Wieleten; Wieleci) or Wilzi(ans) (also Wiltzes; German: Wilzen) were a group of medieval Lechitic tribes within the territory of modern northeastern Germany, related to Polabian Slavs.
Viešinta is a river of Anykščiai district municipality, Utena County, northeastern Lithuania.
The Vistula (Polish: Wisła) is the chief river of Poland.
The Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany; Калининградский залив or Kaliningradskiy Zaliv; Frisches Haff; Aistmarės) is a brackish water lagoon on the Baltic Sea roughly 56 miles (90 km) long, 6 to 15 miles (10 to 19 km) wide, and up to 17 feet (5 m) deep, separated from Gdańsk Bay by the Vistula Spit.
Vistula Land or Vistula Country (Привислинский край, Privislinsky krai; Kraj Nadwiślański) was the name applied to the former lands of Congress Poland from the 1880s, following the defeats of the November Uprising (1830–31) and January Uprising (1863-1864) as it was increasingly stripped of autonomy and incorporated into Imperial Russia.
The Vistula Spit (Mierzeja Wiślana; Балтийская коса; Frische Nehrung) is an aeolian sand spit, or peninsular stretch of land, which separates Vistula Lagoon from Gdańsk Bay in the Baltic Sea, with its tip separated from the mainland by the Strait of Baltiysk.
The Vistula Veneti (also called Baltic Veneti) were a Indo-European ethno-linguistic tribal group that inhabited the eastern regions along the Vistula river and the coastal areas around the Bay of Gdańsk.
The Vistula–Oder Offensive was a successful Red Army operation on the Eastern Front in the European Theatre of World War II in January 1945.
The Vistulans, or Vistulanians (Wiślanie), were an early medieval West Slavic tribe inhabiting western part of modern Lesser Poland.
The Vizsla is a dog breed originating in Hungary, which belongs under the FCI group 7 (Pointer group).
Warka is a town in central Poland, located on the left bank of the Pilica river (south of Warsaw), with 11,035 inhabitants (2004).
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
The Warsaw Uprising (powstanie warszawskie; Warschauer Aufstand) was a major World War II operation, in the summer of 1944, by the Polish underground resistance, led by the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), to liberate Warsaw from German occupation.
The Wawel Castle is a castle residency located in central Kraków, Poland.
Włocławek (Leslau) is a city located in central Poland along the Vistula (Wisła) River and is bordered by the Gostynińsko-Włocławski Park Krajobrazowy.
The Wda is a river in Poland.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
"Weichselian glaciation" is the local name of the last glacial period and its associated glaciation in Northern Europe.
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
The West Slavs are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the West Slavic languages.
Westerplatte is a peninsula in Gdańsk, Poland, located on the Baltic Sea coast mouth of the Dead Vistula (one of the Vistula delta estuaries), in the Gdańsk harbour channel.
Wiślica is a town in Busko County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland.
"Widsith" ("Ƿidsið") is an Old English poem of 143 lines.
The Wieprz (boar; Вепр) is a river in central-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula.
Wierzyca is a river of Poland, a tributary of the Vistula in Gniew.
The Wilga is a river of 67 km in eastern Poland south of Warsaw and lies in Garwolin County.
Wilga is a village in Garwolin County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
Blessed Wincenty Kadłubek (1150 – 8 March 1223) was a Polish Roman Catholic prelate and professed Cistercian who served as the Bishop of Kraków from 1208 until his resignation in 1218.
Wisła (Weichsel, Visla) is a town in Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland, with a population of about 11,810 (2006), near the border with Czech Republic.
The Wisłoka is a river in south-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river, with a length of and a basin area of.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wyszogród (Hohenburg an der Weichsel) is a town in Poland, in Masovian Voivodeship, in Płock County, by the Vistula River.
Zakroczym (זאקראטשין Zakrotshin) is a small town in the Masovian Voivodeship, Poland.
Zator (Neuenstadt an der Schaue, Wymysorys: Naojśtaod) is an old town on the Skawa river within Oświęcim County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship (since 1999) in southern Poland.
Zawichost is a small town (ca. 1,800 inhabitants) in Sandomierz County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland.
Delta of the Vistula, Dolina Dolnej Wisły, Dolina Górnej Wisły, Dolina Środkowej Wisły, Małopolski Przełom Wisły, River Vistula, River Wisla, Ujście Wisły, Vaysl, Visla, Vistola, Vistula Basin, Vistula River, Vistula delta, Vistula river, Vistula\Wisla, Vistula\Wisła, Vistule, Weichsel River, Wisla River, Wistula, Wisła River.