80 relations: Albumin, Alpha-1 antitrypsin, Anterior chamber of eyeball, Aqueous humour, Autopsy, Bergmeister's papilla, Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid, Bicarbonate, Calcium, Chloride, Ciliary body, Ciliary processes, Circulatory system, Citric acid, Collagen, Copper, Cornea, Creatinine, Density, Encyclopædia Britannica, Eye, Ferritin, Floater, Freezing-point depression, Gel, Glucose, Glycosaminoglycan, Human eye, Hyalocyte, Hyaloid artery, Hyaloid canal, Hyaluronic acid, Immunoglobulin G, Intrinsic viscosity, Iron, Lactic acid, Lens (anatomy), Lipid, Macula of retina, Magnesium, Manganese, Mesenchyme, Molality, Muller glia, Near-sightedness, Optic disc, Opticin, Ora serrata, Orosomucoid, Osmotic pressure, ..., Pars plana, PH, Phagocyte, Phosphate, Post-mortem interval, Posterior vitreous detachment, Potassium, Putrefaction, Pyruvic acid, Rat, Refractive index, Retina, Selenium, Serum total protein, Sodium, Syneresis (chemistry), Transferrin, Urea, Uveitis, Versican, Vertebrate, Viscosity, Visual field, Visual system, Vitamin C, Vitreous base, Vitreous membrane, Volume, Water content, Weight. Expand index (30 more) » « Shrink index
The albumins (formed from Latin: albumen "(egg) white; dried egg white") are a family of globular proteins, the most common of which are the serum albumins.
Alpha-1-antitrypsin or α1-antitrypsin (A1AT, A1A, or AAT) is a protein belonging to the serpin superfamily.
The anterior chamber (AC) is the fluid-filled space inside the eye between the iris and the cornea's innermost surface, the endothelium.
The aqueous humour is a transparent, watery fluid similar to plasma, but containing low protein concentrations.
An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.
Bergmeister’s papilla arises from the centre of the optic disc, consists of a small tuft of fibrous tissue and represents a remnant of the fetal hyaloid artery.
β-Hydroxybutyric acid, also known as 3-hydroxybutyric acid, is an organic compound and a beta hydroxy acid with the chemical formula CH3CH(OH)CH2CO2H; its conjugate base is β-hydroxybutyrate, also known as 3-hydroxybutyrate.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
The ciliary body is a part of the eye that includes the ciliary muscle, which controls the shape of the lens, and the ciliary epithelium, which produces the aqueous humor.
The ciliary processes are formed by the inward folding of the various layers of the choroid, i.e., the choroid proper and the lamina basalis, and are received between corresponding foldings of the suspensory ligament of the lens.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
Creatinine (or; from flesh) is a breakdown product of creatine phosphate in muscle, and is usually produced at a fairly constant rate by the body (depending on muscle mass).
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Eyes are organs of the visual system.
Ferritin is a universal intracellular protein that stores iron and releases it in a controlled fashion.
Floaters are deposits of various size, shape, consistency, refractive index, and motility within the eye's vitreous humour, which is normally transparent.
Freezing-point depression is the decrease of the freezing point of a solvent on addition of a non-volatile solute.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) or mucopolysaccharides are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating disaccharide unit.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
Hyalocytes, also known as vitreous cells, are cells of the vitreous body, which is the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eye.
The hyaloid artery is a branch of the ophthalmic artery, which is itself a branch of the internal carotid artery.
Hyaloid canal (Cloquet's canal and Stilling's canal) is a small transparent canal running through the vitreous body from the optic nerve disc to the lens.
Hyaluronic acid (HA; conjugate base hyaluronate), also called hyaluronan, is an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a type of antibody.
Intrinsic viscosity \left is a measure of a solute's contribution to the viscosity \eta of a solution.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
The lens is a transparent, biconvex structure in the eye that, along with the cornea, helps to refract light to be focused on the retina.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
The macula or macula lutea is an oval-shaped pigmented area near the center of the retina of the human eye and some other animalian eyes.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
Mesenchyme, in vertebrate embryology, is a type of connective tissue found mostly during the development of the embryo.
Molality, also called molal concentration, is a measure of the concentration of a solute in a solution in terms of amount of substance in a specified amount of mass of the solvent.
Müller glia, or Müller cells, are a type of retinal glial cells, first recognized and described by Heinrich Müller.
Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness and myopia, is a condition of the eye where light focuses in front of, instead of on, the retina.
The optic disc or optic nerve head is the point of exit for ganglion cell axons leaving the eye.
Opticin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the OPTC gene.
The ora serrata is the serrated junction between the retina and the ciliary body.
Orosomucoid (ORM) or alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (α1AGp, AGP or AAG) is an acute phase (acute phase protein) plasma alpha-globulin glycoprotein and is modulated by two polymorphic genes.
Osmotic pressure is the minimum pressure which needs to be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of its pure solvent across a semipermeable membrane.
The pars plana (Latin: flat portion) is part of the ciliary body in the uvea (or vascular tunic), the middle layer of the three layers that comprise the eye.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Phagocytes are cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Post-mortem interval (PMI) is the time that has elapsed since a person has died.
A posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is a condition of the eye in which the vitreous membrane separates from the retina.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Putrefaction is the fifth stage of death, following pallor mortis, algor mortis, rigor mortis, and livor mortis.
Pyruvic acid (CH3COCOOH) is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group.
Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.
In optics, the refractive index or index of refraction of a material is a dimensionless number that describes how light propagates through that medium.
The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.
Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.
Serum total protein,also known as total protein, is a biochemical test for measuring the total amount of protein in serum.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Syneresis (also spelled 'synæresis' or 'synaeresis'), in chemistry, is the extraction or expulsion of a liquid from a gel, as when serum drains from a contracting clot of blood.
Transferrins are iron-binding blood plasma glycoproteins that control the level of free iron (Fe) in biological fluids.
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.
Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, the pigmented layer that lies between the inner retina and the outer fibrous layer composed of the sclera and cornea.
Versican is a large extracellular matrix proteoglycan that is present in a variety of human tissues.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
The visual field is the "spatial array of visual sensations available to observation in introspectionist psychological experiments".
The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
The vitreous base is an area in the fundus of the eye in which the vitreous membrane, neural retina, and pigment epithelium all are firmly adherent, one to the other.
The vitreous membrane (or hyaloid membrane or vitreous cortex) is a layer of collagen separating the vitreous humour from the rest of the eye.
Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.
Water content or moisture content is the quantity of water contained in a material, such as soil (called soil moisture), rock, ceramics, crops, or wood.
In science and engineering, the weight of an object is related to the amount of force acting on the object, either due to gravity or to a reaction force that holds it in place.