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Vitreous body

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The vitreous body is the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eyeball of humans and other vertebrates. [1]

80 relations: Albumin, Alpha-1 antitrypsin, Anterior chamber of eyeball, Aqueous humour, Autopsy, Bergmeister's papilla, Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid, Bicarbonate, Calcium, Chloride, Ciliary body, Ciliary processes, Circulatory system, Citric acid, Collagen, Copper, Cornea, Creatinine, Density, Encyclopædia Britannica, Eye, Ferritin, Floater, Freezing-point depression, Gel, Glucose, Glycosaminoglycan, Human eye, Hyalocyte, Hyaloid artery, Hyaloid canal, Hyaluronic acid, Immunoglobulin G, Intrinsic viscosity, Iron, Lactic acid, Lens (anatomy), Lipid, Macula of retina, Magnesium, Manganese, Mesenchyme, Molality, Muller glia, Near-sightedness, Optic disc, Opticin, Ora serrata, Orosomucoid, Osmotic pressure, ..., Pars plana, PH, Phagocyte, Phosphate, Post-mortem interval, Posterior vitreous detachment, Potassium, Putrefaction, Pyruvic acid, Rat, Refractive index, Retina, Selenium, Serum total protein, Sodium, Syneresis (chemistry), Transferrin, Urea, Uveitis, Versican, Vertebrate, Viscosity, Visual field, Visual system, Vitamin C, Vitreous base, Vitreous membrane, Volume, Water content, Weight. Expand index (30 more) »

Albumin

The albumins (formed from Latin: albumen "(egg) white; dried egg white") are a family of globular proteins, the most common of which are the serum albumins.

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Alpha-1 antitrypsin

Alpha-1-antitrypsin or α1-antitrypsin (A1AT, A1A, or AAT) is a protein belonging to the serpin superfamily.

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Anterior chamber of eyeball

The anterior chamber (AC) is the fluid-filled space inside the eye between the iris and the cornea's innermost surface, the endothelium.

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Aqueous humour

The aqueous humour is a transparent, watery fluid similar to plasma, but containing low protein concentrations.

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Autopsy

An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.

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Bergmeister's papilla

Bergmeister’s papilla arises from the centre of the optic disc, consists of a small tuft of fibrous tissue and represents a remnant of the fetal hyaloid artery.

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Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid

β-Hydroxybutyric acid, also known as 3-hydroxybutyric acid, is an organic compound and a beta hydroxy acid with the chemical formula CH3CH(OH)CH2CO2H; its conjugate base is β-hydroxybutyrate, also known as 3-hydroxybutyrate.

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Bicarbonate

In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.

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Calcium

Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.

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Chloride

The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Ciliary body

The ciliary body is a part of the eye that includes the ciliary muscle, which controls the shape of the lens, and the ciliary epithelium, which produces the aqueous humor.

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Ciliary processes

The ciliary processes are formed by the inward folding of the various layers of the choroid, i.e., the choroid proper and the lamina basalis, and are received between corresponding foldings of the suspensory ligament of the lens.

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Circulatory system

The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.

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Citric acid

Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.

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Collagen

Collagen is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies.

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Copper

Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.

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Creatinine

Creatinine (or; from flesh) is a breakdown product of creatine phosphate in muscle, and is usually produced at a fairly constant rate by the body (depending on muscle mass).

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Density

The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.

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Encyclopædia Britannica

The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.

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Eye

Eyes are organs of the visual system.

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Ferritin

Ferritin is a universal intracellular protein that stores iron and releases it in a controlled fashion.

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Floater

Floaters are deposits of various size, shape, consistency, refractive index, and motility within the eye's vitreous humour, which is normally transparent.

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Freezing-point depression

Freezing-point depression is the decrease of the freezing point of a solvent on addition of a non-volatile solute.

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Gel

A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.

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Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.

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Glycosaminoglycan

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) or mucopolysaccharides are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating disaccharide unit.

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Human eye

The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.

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Hyalocyte

Hyalocytes, also known as vitreous cells, are cells of the vitreous body, which is the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eye.

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Hyaloid artery

The hyaloid artery is a branch of the ophthalmic artery, which is itself a branch of the internal carotid artery.

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Hyaloid canal

Hyaloid canal (Cloquet's canal and Stilling's canal) is a small transparent canal running through the vitreous body from the optic nerve disc to the lens.

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Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid (HA; conjugate base hyaluronate), also called hyaluronan, is an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.

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Immunoglobulin G

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a type of antibody.

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Intrinsic viscosity

Intrinsic viscosity \left is a measure of a solute's contribution to the viscosity \eta of a solution.

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Iron

Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

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Lactic acid

Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.

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Lens (anatomy)

The lens is a transparent, biconvex structure in the eye that, along with the cornea, helps to refract light to be focused on the retina.

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Lipid

In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.

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Macula of retina

The macula or macula lutea is an oval-shaped pigmented area near the center of the retina of the human eye and some other animalian eyes.

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Magnesium

Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.

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Manganese

Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.

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Mesenchyme

Mesenchyme, in vertebrate embryology, is a type of connective tissue found mostly during the development of the embryo.

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Molality

Molality, also called molal concentration, is a measure of the concentration of a solute in a solution in terms of amount of substance in a specified amount of mass of the solvent.

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Muller glia

Müller glia, or Müller cells, are a type of retinal glial cells, first recognized and described by Heinrich Müller.

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Near-sightedness

Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness and myopia, is a condition of the eye where light focuses in front of, instead of on, the retina.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Optic disc

The optic disc or optic nerve head is the point of exit for ganglion cell axons leaving the eye.

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Opticin

Opticin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the OPTC gene.

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Ora serrata

The ora serrata is the serrated junction between the retina and the ciliary body.

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Orosomucoid

Orosomucoid (ORM) or alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (α1AGp, AGP or AAG) is an acute phase (acute phase protein) plasma alpha-globulin glycoprotein and is modulated by two polymorphic genes.

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Osmotic pressure

Osmotic pressure is the minimum pressure which needs to be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of its pure solvent across a semipermeable membrane.

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Pars plana

The pars plana (Latin: flat portion) is part of the ciliary body in the uvea (or vascular tunic), the middle layer of the three layers that comprise the eye.

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PH

In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.

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Phagocyte

Phagocytes are cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells.

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Phosphate

A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.

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Post-mortem interval

Post-mortem interval (PMI) is the time that has elapsed since a person has died.

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Posterior vitreous detachment

A posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is a condition of the eye in which the vitreous membrane separates from the retina.

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Potassium

Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

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Putrefaction

Putrefaction is the fifth stage of death, following pallor mortis, algor mortis, rigor mortis, and livor mortis.

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Pyruvic acid

Pyruvic acid (CH3COCOOH) is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group.

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Rat

Rats are various medium-sized, long-tailed rodents in the superfamily Muroidea.

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Refractive index

In optics, the refractive index or index of refraction of a material is a dimensionless number that describes how light propagates through that medium.

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Retina

The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.

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Selenium

Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.

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Serum total protein

Serum total protein,also known as total protein, is a biochemical test for measuring the total amount of protein in serum.

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Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

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Syneresis (chemistry)

Syneresis (also spelled 'synæresis' or 'synaeresis'), in chemistry, is the extraction or expulsion of a liquid from a gel, as when serum drains from a contracting clot of blood.

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Transferrin

Transferrins are iron-binding blood plasma glycoproteins that control the level of free iron (Fe) in biological fluids.

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Urea

Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound with chemical formula CO(NH2)2.

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Uveitis

Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, the pigmented layer that lies between the inner retina and the outer fibrous layer composed of the sclera and cornea.

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Versican

Versican is a large extracellular matrix proteoglycan that is present in a variety of human tissues.

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Vertebrate

Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

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Viscosity

The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.

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Visual field

The visual field is the "spatial array of visual sensations available to observation in introspectionist psychological experiments".

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Visual system

The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions.

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Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

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Vitreous base

The vitreous base is an area in the fundus of the eye in which the vitreous membrane, neural retina, and pigment epithelium all are firmly adherent, one to the other.

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Vitreous membrane

The vitreous membrane (or hyaloid membrane or vitreous cortex) is a layer of collagen separating the vitreous humour from the rest of the eye.

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Volume

Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.

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Water content

Water content or moisture content is the quantity of water contained in a material, such as soil (called soil moisture), rock, ceramics, crops, or wood.

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Weight

In science and engineering, the weight of an object is related to the amount of force acting on the object, either due to gravity or to a reaction force that holds it in place.

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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Vitreolysis, Vitreous Humor, Vitreous Humour, Vitreous bodies, Vitreous fluid, Vitreous humor, Vitreous humour, Vitrious humor, Vitrious humour.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitreous_body

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