162 relations: Alba Iulia, Albert Weber, Alexander I Aldea, Alexander I of Moldavia, Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol, Alexăndrel of Moldavia, Ambras Castle, Andrew the Apostle, Antonio Bonfini, Attila, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Bamberg, Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân, Battle of Kosovo (1448), Battle of Valea Albă, Bărăgan Plain, Belvedere, Vienna, Bogdan II of Moldavia, Boyars of Wallachia and Moldavia, Brașov, Bram Stoker, Brăila, Buda, Burzenland, Caligula, Calvary, Clara Dobokai, Cognomen, Comana Monastery, Constantin C. Giurescu, Count Dracula, Count of the Székelys, Crusade of Varna, Curtea Veche, Dan II of Wallachia, Dan III of Wallachia, David "Race" Bannon, Death by burning, Dimitrie Bolintineanu, Doğrugöz, Dracula, Edirne, Elizabeth Miller (academic), Elizabeth Szilágyi, Emily Gerard, Empire of Trebizond, Esterházy, Europe, Fall of Constantinople, Feodosia, ..., Forchtenstein Castle, Franz Babinger, Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, Gallipoli, Genitive case, Giurgiu, Holy Crown of Hungary, House of Basarab, House of Drăculești, Hungarian nobility, Impalement, Innsbruck, Ion Budai-Deleanu, Ivan the Terrible, Jakšić noble family, Janissaries, John Hunyadi, John Jiskra of Brandýs, Justina Szilágyi, Kalinikia, Kiliya, King of Hungary, Kingdom of Hungary, Konstantin Mihailović, Ladislaus Hunyadi, Ladislaus the Posthumous, Laonikos Chalkokondyles, Legitimacy (family law), List of Romanian-language poets, List of rulers of Wallachia, List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire, Ljubljana, Low German, Mahmud Pasha Angelović, Maria am Gestade, Matthias Corvinus, Meșterul Manole, Mehmed the Conqueror, Meistersinger, Metropolis of Muntenia and Dobrudja, Michael Beheim, Michael Critobulus, Michael Szilágyi, Mihai Eminescu, Mihnea cel Rău, Mircea I of Wallachia, Mircea II of Wallachia, Mircea the Shepherd, Moldavia, Movable type, Murad II, Muscel County, National Gallery of Slovenia, National interest, Neamț Citadel, Nero, Nicholas Alexander of Wallachia, Night Attack at Târgovişte, Nuremberg, Order of the Dragon, Ottoman Empire, Patronymic, Pécs, Pest, Hungary, Peter Aaron, Poenari Castle, Pope Pius II, Radu cel Frumos, Radu Florescu, Radu I of Wallachia, Radu Negru, Republic of Genoa, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Eger, Rucăr, Sanjak of Nicopolis, Săliște, Scorched earth, Sebastian Münster, Sibiu, Sighișoara, Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, Slavic languages, Sobriquet, South Slavic languages, Srebrenica, St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna, Stadion (unit), Stephen III of Moldavia, Stephen V Báthory, Storey, Strasbourg, Strigoi, Suzerainty, Székelys, Târgoviște, Theodor Aman, Transylvanian Saxons, Tursun Beg, Vampire, Visegrád, Vizier, Vlad Călugărul, Vlad II Dracul, Vladislav II of Wallachia, Voivode, Voivode of Transylvania, Vuk Grgurević, Wallachia, Władysław III of Poland, Wiener Neustadt, William Wilkinson (diplomat), Woodcut. Expand index (112 more) » « Shrink index
Alba Iulia (Karlsburg or Carlsburg, formerly Weißenburg, Gyulafehérvár, Apulum, Ottoman Turkish: Erdel Belgradı or Belgrad-ı Erdel) is a city located on the Mureş River in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 63,536.
Albert Weber (21 November 1888 in Berlin – 17 September 1940) was a German amateur football (soccer) player who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Alexander I Aldea (1397–1436) was a Voivode of Wallachia (1431–1436) from the House of Basarab, son of Mircea the Elder.
Alexander the Good (Alexandru cel Bun or Alexandru I Mușat) was a Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia, reigning between 1400 and 1432, son of Roman I Mușat.
Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol (March 23, 1847, Iaşi – February 27, 1920, Bucharest) was a Romanian historian, philosopher, professor, economist, sociologist, and author.
Alexăndrel, son of Iliaș of Moldavia, was the prince (or voivode) of Moldavia in 1449, from 1452 to 1454, and in 1455.
Ambras Castle (Schloss Ambras Innsbruck) is a Renaissance castle and palace located in the hills above Innsbruck, Austria.
Andrew the Apostle (Ἀνδρέας; ⲁⲛⲇⲣⲉⲁⲥ, Andreas; from the early 1st century BC – mid to late 1st century AD), also known as Saint Andrew and referred to in the Orthodox tradition as the First-Called (Πρωτόκλητος, Prōtoklētos), was a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter.
Antonio Bonfini (Latin variant: Antonius Bonfinius) (1434–1503) was an Italian humanist and poet who spent the last years of his career as a court historian in Hungary with King Matthias Corvinus.
Attila (fl. circa 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453.
The Österreichische Galerie Belvedere is a museum housed in the Belvedere palace, in Vienna, Austria.
Bamberg is a town in Upper Franconia, Germany, on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main.
Basarab III cel Bătrân ("the Old"), also known as Laiotă Basarab or Basarab Laiotă, was Voivode of the principality of Wallachia in the 1470s, repeating the achievement of Dan II in being elected by the boyars as Voivode on five different occasions.
The Second Battle of Kosovo (Hungarian: második rigómezei csata, Turkish: İkinci Kosova Savaşı) (17–20 October 1448) was a land battle between a Hungarian-led Crusader army and the Ottoman Empire at Kosovo Polje.
The Battle of Valea Albă or Battle of Războieni or Battle of Akdere was an important event in the medieval history of Moldavia.
The Bărăgan Plain (Câmpia Bărăganului) is a steppe plain in south-eastern Romania.
The Belvedere is a historic building complex in Vienna, Austria, consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and Lower Belvedere), the Orangery, and the Palace Stables.
Bogdan II was a prince of Moldavia from 1449 to 1451.
The boyars of Wallachia and Moldavia were the nobility of the Danubian Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia.
Brașov (Corona, Kronstadt, Transylvanian Saxon: Kruhnen, Brassó) is a city in Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County.
Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula.
Brăila (Βράιλα; Turkish: İbrail) is a city in Muntenia, eastern Romania, a port on the Danube and the capital of Brăila County.
Buda was the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Hungary and since 1873 has been the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest, on the west bank of the Danube.
Țara Bârsei or the Burzenland (Țara Bârsei; Barcaság) is a historic and ethnographic area in southeastern Transylvania, Romania with a mixed population of Romanians, Germans and Hungarians.
Caligula (Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 31 August 12 – 24 January 41 AD) was Roman emperor from AD 37 to AD 41.
Calvary, or Golgotha (Biblical Greek Γολγοθᾶ Golgotha, traditionally interpreted as reflecting Syriac (Aramaic) golgolta, as it were Hebrew gulgōleṯ "skull" Strong's Concordance.), was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified.
Clara Dobokai (before 1330 – after 1370) was the second wife of Nicholas Alexander, Voivode of Wallachia.
A cognomen (Latin plural cognomina; from con- "together with" and (g)nomen "name") was the third name of a citizen of ancient Rome, under Roman naming conventions.
Comana Monastery (Mănăstirea Comana) is a Romanian Orthodox monastery in Comana, Giurgiu County, Romania.
Constantin C. Giurescu (26 October 1901 – 13 November 1977) was a Romanian historian, member of Romanian Academy, and professor at the University of Bucharest.
Count Dracula is the title character of Bram Stoker's 1897 gothic horror novel Dracula.
The Count of the Székelys (székelyispán, comes Sicolorum) was the leader of the Hungarian-speaking Székelys in Transylvania, in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary.
The Crusade of Varna was an unsuccessful military campaign mounted by several European monarchs to check the expansion of the Ottoman Empire into Central Europe, specifically the Balkans between 1443 and 1444.
Curtea Veche (the Old Princely Court) was built as a palace or residence during the rule of Vlad III Dracula in 1459.
Dan II (? – June 1, 1432) was a voivode of the principality of Wallachia, ruling an extraordinary five times, and succeeded four times by Radu II Chelul, his rival for the throne.
Dan the Younger (executed in April 1460) was a pretender to the throne of Wallachia from 1456 to 1460.
David Dilley Bannon (born David Wayne Dilley; April 22, 1963), nicknamed Race, is an American author and translator.
Deliberately causing death through the effects of combustion, or effects of exposure to extreme heat, has a long history as a form of capital punishment.
Dimitrie Bolintineanu (14 January 1819 (1825 according to some sources), Bolintin-Vale – 20 August 1872, Bucharest) was a Romanian poet, though he wrote in many other styles as well), diplomat, politician, and a participant in the revolution of 1848. He was of Macedonian Aromanian origins. His poems of nationalist overtone, fueled emotions during the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia.
Doğrugöz (formerly Eğrigöz) is a town in Konya Province, Turkey.
Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker.
Edirne, historically known as Adrianople (Hadrianopolis in Latin or Adrianoupolis in Greek, founded by the Roman emperor Hadrian on the site of a previous Thracian settlement named Uskudama), is a city in the northwestern Turkish province of Edirne in the region of East Thrace, close to Turkey's borders with Greece and Bulgaria.
Elizabeth Russell Miller (born February 26, 1939) is Professor Emerita at Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Erzsébet Szilágyi (Szilágyi Erzsébet, c. 1410–1483) was a Hungarian noblewoman, spouse of John Hunyadi and mother of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary.
(Jane) Emily Gerard (7 May 1849 – 11 January 1905) was a nineteenth-century author best known for the influence her collections of Transylvanian folklore had on Bram Stoker's Dracula.
The Empire of Trebizond or the Trapezuntine Empire was a monarchy that flourished during the 13th through 15th centuries, consisting of the far northeastern corner of Anatolia and the southern Crimea.
Esterházy (also spelled Eszterházy) is a Hungarian noble family with origins in the Middle Ages.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Fall of Constantinople (Ἅλωσις τῆς Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Halōsis tēs Kōnstantinoupoleōs; İstanbul'un Fethi Conquest of Istanbul) was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by an invading Ottoman army on 29 May 1453.
Feodosia (Феодо́сия, Feodosiya; Феодо́сія, Feodosiia; Crimean Tatar and Turkish: Kefe), also called Theodosia (from), is a port and resort, a town of regional significance in Crimea on the Black Sea coast.
Forchtenstein Castle (Burg Forchtenstein; Fraknó vára; Fortnavski grad) is a castle built in the late Middle Ages near the municipality of Forchtenstein in northern Burgenland, Austria.
Franz Babinger (January 15, 1891 – June 23, 1967) was a well-known German orientalist and historian of the Ottoman Empire, best known for his biography of the great Ottoman emperor Mehmed II known as the Conqueror, originally published as Mehmed der Eroberer und seine Zeit.
Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493), was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death.
The Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu Yarımadası; Χερσόνησος της Καλλίπολης, Chersónisos tis Kallípolis) is located in the southern part of East Thrace, the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east.
In grammar, the genitive (abbreviated); also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun.
Giurgiu is a city in southern Romania.
The Holy Crown of Hungary (Szent Korona, also known as the Crown of Saint Stephen) was the coronation crown used by the Kingdom of Hungary for most of its existence; kings have been crowned with it since the twelfth century.
The Basarabs (also Bazarabs or Bazaraads, Basarab) were a family which had an important role in the establishing of the Principality of Wallachia, giving the country its first line of Princes, one closely related with the Mușatin rulers of Moldavia.
The Drăculești were one of two major rival lines of Wallachian voivodes of the House of Basarab, the other being the Dănești.
The Hungarian nobility consisted of a privileged group of people, most of whom owned landed property, in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Impalement, as a method of execution and also torture, is the penetration of a human by an object such as a stake, pole, spear, or hook, often by complete or partial perforation of the torso.
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria and the fifth-largest city in Austria.
Ion Budai-Deleanu (1760-1820) was a Romanian scholar and poet, born in Transylvania.
Ivan IV Vasilyevich (pron; 25 August 1530 –), commonly known as Ivan the Terrible or Ivan the Fearsome (Ivan Grozny; a better translation into modern English would be Ivan the Formidable), was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547, then Tsar of All Rus' until his death in 1584.
The Jakšić (Јакшић,; Jaksics család) were a Serbian noble family that fought against the Ottoman Empire.
The Janissaries (يڭيچرى, meaning "new soldier") were elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops, bodyguards and the first modern standing army in Europe.
John Hunyadi (Hunyadi János, Ioan de Hunedoara; 1406 – 11 August 1456) was a leading Hungarian military and political figure in Central and Southeastern Europe during the 15th century.
Jan Jiskra z Brandýsa (c. 1400 – c. 1469), in English sometimes referred as John Giskra, was a Czech strategist and mercenary soldier.
Justina Szilágyi de Horogszeg (horogszegi Szilágyi Jusztina; before 1455 – 1497) was a Hungarian noblewoman, who became the second wife of Vlad the Impaler, Voivode of Wallachia.
Kalinikia, also spelled Ana Calina (Ana-Călina died circa 1439) and better known as Lady Calinica (Calinichia or Caliniţa, earlier in Bulgarian: Калиникіѧ, Kalinikĭę), was the second wife of Radu I, a 14th-century Wallachian voivode (ruler).
Kiliya (Кілія; Килия; Chilia; Moldovan (Cyrillic): Килия; Kilia;, Kellía; Kilya) is a small city in Odessa Oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine.
The King of Hungary (magyar király) was the ruling head of state of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1000 (or 1001) to 1918.
The Kingdom of Hungary was a monarchy in Central Europe that existed from the Middle Ages into the twentieth century (1000–1946 with the exception of 1918–1920).
Konstantin Mihailović, also known as Constantine of Ostravica, born in 1430, was a Serbian soldier and author of a memoir of his time as a Jannissary in the army of the Ottoman Empire.
László Hunyadi or Ladislaus Hunyadi (1431Bánhegyi 2008, p. 17. – March 16, 1457) was a Hungarian statesman.
Ladislaus the Posthumous, known also as Ladislas (Utószülött László; Ladislav Pohrobek, 22 February 144023 November 1457) (in Hungarian: V. László), was Duke of Austria, and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia.
Laonikos Chalkokondyles, Latinized as Laonicus Chalcondyles (Λαόνικος Χαλκοκονδύλης, from λαός "people", νικᾶν "to be victorious", an anagram of Nikolaos which bears the same meaning; c. 1430 – c. 1470), was a Byzantine Greek historian from Athens.
Legitimacy, in traditional Western common law, is the status of a child born to parents who are legally married to each other, and of a child conceived before the parents obtain a legal divorce.
The following is a list of famous or notable Romanian language poets grouped by period of activity (years link to corresponding " in poetry" articles).
This is a list of rulers of Wallachia, from the first mention of a medieval polity situated between the Southern Carpathians and the Danube until the union with Moldavia in 1862, leading to the creation of Romania.
The sultans of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanlı padişahları), who were all members of the Ottoman dynasty (House of Osman), ruled over the transcontinental empire from its perceived inception in 1299 to its dissolution in 1922.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
Low German or Low Saxon (Plattdütsch, Plattdüütsch, Plattdütsk, Plattduitsk, Nedersaksies; Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch; Nederduits) is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Mahmud Pasha Angelović (Махмуд-паша Анђеловић/Mahmud-paša Anđelović; Veli Mahmud Paşa; 1420–1474) was the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire from 1456 to 1466 and again from 1472 to 1474, who also wrote Persian and Turkish poems under the pseudonym Adni (the "Eden-like").
Maria am Gestade (Mary at the Shore) is a Gothic church in Vienna, Austria.
Matthias Corvinus, also called Matthias I (Hunyadi Mátyás, Matija Korvin, Matia Corvin, Matej Korvín, Matyáš Korvín), was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1458 to 1490.
In Romanian mythology, Meșterul Manole (roughly: The master builder Manole) was the chief architect of the Curtea de Argeș Monastery in Wallachia.
Mehmed II (محمد ثانى, Meḥmed-i sānī; Modern II.; 30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), commonly known as Mehmed the Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmet), was an Ottoman Sultan who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481.
A (German for "master singer") was a member of a German guild for lyric poetry, composition and unaccompanied art song of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries.
The Metropolis of Wallachia and Dobrudja, headquartered in Bucharest, Romania, is a metropolis of the Romanian Orthodox Church.
Michael Beheim (also Michel Behaim, Beham or Behm, 1416 – c.1472) was a wandering singer from the modern-day German state Baden-Württemberg.
Michael Critobulus (c. 1410 – c. 1470) was a Greek politician, scholar and historian.
Michael Szilágyi de Horogszeg (horogszegi Szilágyi Mihály; ? 1400 – Constantinople, 1460) was a Hungarian general, Regent of Hungary, Count of Beszterce and Head of Szilágyi–Hunyadi Liga.
Mihai Eminescu (born Mihail Eminovici; 15 January 1850 – 15 June 1889) was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, generally regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet.
Mihnea cel Rău (Mihnea the Wrongdoer/Mean/Evil; c.1460 – 12 March 1510), the son of Vlad III Dracula (Vlad Țepeș), and his first wife, was Voivode (Prince) of Wallachia from 1508 to 1509, having replaced his first cousin Radu cel Mare.
Mircea the Elder (Mircea cel Bătrân,, d. 31 January 1418) was Voivode of Wallachia from 1386 until his death.
Mircea II (1428–1447) was a onetime Voivode of the principality of Wallachia, in the year 1442.
Mircea the Shepherd, in Romanian Mircea Ciobanul (died 25 September 1559) was the Voivode or (Prince) of Wallachia three times: January 1545 (he entered Bucharest on 17 March)–16 November 1552; May 1553–28 February 1554 (leaving Bucharest that March); and January 1558–21 September 1559.
Moldavia (Moldova, or Țara Moldovei (in Romanian Latin alphabet), Цара Мѡлдовєй (in old Romanian Cyrillic alphabet) is a historical region and former principality in Central and Eastern Europe, corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River. An initially independent and later autonomous state, it existed from the 14th century to 1859, when it united with Wallachia (Țara Românească) as the basis of the modern Romanian state; at various times, Moldavia included the regions of Bessarabia (with the Budjak), all of Bukovina and Hertza. The region of Pokuttya was also part of it for a period of time. The western half of Moldavia is now part of Romania, the eastern side belongs to the Republic of Moldova, and the northern and southeastern parts are territories of Ukraine.
Movable type (US English; moveable type in British English) is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation) usually on the medium of paper.
Murad II (June 1404 – 3 February 1451) (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثانى Murād-ı sānī, Turkish:II. Murat) was the Ottoman Sultan from 1421 to 1444 and 1446 to 1451.
Muscel County is a former first-order administrative district of Romania.
The National Gallery of Slovenia (Narodna galerija) is the national art gallery of Slovenia.
The national interest, often referred to by the French expression raison d'État ("reason of State"), is a country's goals and ambitions, whether economic, military, cultural or otherwise.
Neamț Citadel (Cetatea Neamț or Cetatea Neamțului) is a medieval fortress located in north-eastern part of Romania, near Târgu Neamț, Neamț County.
Nero (Latin: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 15 December 37 – 9 June 68 AD) was the last Roman emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Nicholas Alexander (Nicolae Alexandru) was a Voivode of Wallachia (c. 1352 – November 1364), after having been co-ruler to his father Basarab I. In the year 1359, he founded the Eastern Orthodox Metropolis of Ungro-Wallachia.
The Night Attack at Târgoviște (Atacul de noapte de la Târgovişte, Tirgovişte Baskını) was a battle fought between forces of Vlad III the Impaler of Wallachia and Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire on Thursday, June 17, 1462.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
The Order of the Dragon (Societas Draconistarum, literally "Society of the Dragonists") was a monarchical chivalric order for selected nobility,Florescu and McNally, Dracula, Prince of Many Faces.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather (i.e., an avonymic), or an even earlier male ancestor.
Pécs (known by alternative names) is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia.
Pest is the eastern, mostly flat part of Budapest, Hungary, comprising about two thirds of the city's territory.
Peter Aaron (Petru Aron) (died 1467), bastard son of Alexandru cel Bun, was a Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia on three separate occasions: October 1451 to February 1452, August 1454 to February 1455, and May 1455 to April 1457.
Poenari Castle, also known as Poenari Citadel (Cetatea Poenari in Romanian), is a ruined castle in Romania, notable for its connection to Vlad the Impaler.
Pope Pius II (Pius PP., Pio II), born Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini (Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus; 18 October 1405 – 14 August 1464) was Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464.
Radu III the Fair, Radu III the Handsome or Radu III the Beautiful (Radu cel Frumos), also known by his Turkish name Radu Bey (1437/1439—1475), was the younger brother of Vlad III and voivode (war-lord or a prince) of the principality of Wallachia.
Radu Florescu (23 October 1925 – 18 May 2014) was a Romanian academic who held the position of Emeritus Professor of History at Boston College.
Radu I was a Voivode of Wallachia, (c. 1377 – c. 1383).
Radu Negru (born 13th February 1269) (Radu Black) also known as Radu Vodă (Voivode Radu), Radu Negru, or Negru Vodă, was a legendary Voivode and ruler of Wallachia.
The Republic of Genoa (Repúbrica de Zêna,; Res Publica Ianuensis; Repubblica di Genova) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, incorporating Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean.
The Archdiocese of Eger (Archidioecesis Agriensis) is an archdiocese in Northern Hungary, its centre is the city of Eger.
Rucăr is a commune in the north-eastern part of Argeș County, Romania.
The Sanjak of Nicopolis (Никополски санджак Nikopolski sandzhak, Niğbolu Sancağı) was a sanjak in the Ottoman Empire, with Nikopol in modern Bulgaria as its administrative centre.
Săliște (Großendorf or Selischte; Szelistye) is a town in Sibiu County in the centre of Romania, 21 km west of the county capital, Sibiu, the main locality in the Mărginimea Sibiului area.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
Sebastian Münster (20 January 1488 – 26 May 1552) was a German cartographer, cosmographer, and a Christian Hebraist scholar.
Sibiu (antiquated Sibiiu; Hermannstadt, Transylvanian Saxon: Härmeschtat, Nagyszeben) is a city in Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 147,245.
Sighișoara (Schäßburg,; Segesvár,; Castrum Sex) is a city on the Târnava Mare River in Mureș County, Romania.
Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
A sobriquet or soubriquet is a nickname, sometimes assumed, but often given by another.
The South Slavic languages are one of three branches of the Slavic languages.
Srebrenica is a town and municipality located in the easternmost part of Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The stadion (στάδιον; stadium), formerly also anglicized as stade, was an ancient Greek unit of length, based on the length of a typical sports stadium of the time.
Stephen III of Moldavia, known as Stephen the Great (Ștefan cel Mare;; died on 2 July 1504) was voivode (or prince) of Moldavia from 1457 to 1504.
Stephen Báthory of Ecsed (Báthory István,; Ștefan Báthory; 1430–1493) was a Hungarian commander, 'dapiferorum regalium magister' (1458–?), judge royal (1471–1493) and voivode of Transylvania (1479–1493).
A storey (British English) or story (American English) is any level part of a building with a floor that could be used by people (for living, work, storage, recreation).
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
In Romanian mythology, strigoi (English: striga, poltergeist) are the troubled spirits of the dead rising from the grave.
Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).
The Székelys, sometimes also referred to as Szeklers (székelyek, Secui, Szekler, Siculi), are a subgroup of the Hungarian people living mostly in the Székely Land in Romania.
Târgoviște (alternative spelling: Tîrgoviște) is a city in Romania, and the county seat of the Dâmbovița County.
Theodor Aman (20 March 1831 – 19 August 1891) was a Romanian painter, engraver and art professor of Macedo-Romanian ancestry.
The Transylvanian Saxons (Siebenbürger Sachsen; Transylvanian Saxon: Siweberjer Såksen; Sași ardeleni, sași transilvăneni; Erdélyi szászok) are a people of German ethnicity who settled in Transylvania (Siebenbürgen) from the mid 12th century until the late Modern Age (specifically mid 19th century).
Tursun Beg (Tursun Bey; probably born in mid-1420s in Bursa)Woodhead, Christine.
A vampire is a being from folklore that subsists by feeding on the vital force (generally in the form of blood) of the living.
Visegrád is a small castle town in Pest County, Hungary.
A vizier (rarely; وزير wazīr; وازیر vazīr; vezir; Chinese: 宰相 zǎixiàng; উজির ujira; Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu): वज़ीर or وزیر vazeer; Punjabi: ਵਜ਼ੀਰ or وزير vazīra, sometimes spelt vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister.
Vlad IV Călugărul, (believed born prior to 1425 – September 1495) translated as Vlad the Monk, was the pious half-brother of Vlad III (Vlad the Impaler, or Dracula), and one of many rulers of Wallachia during the 15th century.
Vlad II (Vlad al II-lea), also known as Vlad Dracul (Vlad al II-lea Dracul) or Vlad the Dragon (before 1395 – November 1447), was Voivode of Wallachia from 1436 to 1442, and again from 1443 to 1447.
Vladislav II (died c. August 20, 1456) was a Voivode or ruler of the principality of Wallachia, from 1447 to 1448, and again from 1448 to 1456.The way Vladislav II came to the throne is debatable.
VoivodeAlso spelled "voievod", "woiwode", "voivod", "voyvode", "vojvoda", or "woiwod" (Old Slavic, literally "war-leader" or "warlord") is an Eastern European title that originally denoted the principal commander of a military force.
The Voivode of Transylvania (Vojwode von Siebenbürgen;Fallenbüchl 1988, p. 77. erdélyi vajda;Zsoldos 2011, p. 36. voivoda Transsylvaniae; voievodul Transilvaniei) was the highest-ranking official in Transylvania within the Kingdom of Hungary from the 12th century to the 16th century.
Vuk Grgurević Branković (Вук Гргуревић Бранковић; ca. 1440 – April 16, 1485), was the titular Despot of Serbia from 1471 until his death in 1485.
Wallachia or Walachia (Țara Românească; archaic: Țeara Rumânească, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet: Цѣра Рȣмѫнѣскъ) is a historical and geographical region of Romania.
Władysław III (31 October 1424 – 10 November 1444), also known as Władysław of Varna, was King of Poland from 1434, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1440, until his death at the Battle of Varna.
Wiener Neustadt is a city located south of Vienna, in the state of Lower Austria, in north-east Austria.
William Wilkinson (died 1836) was British Consul to the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia, appointed to Bucharest by the Levant Company in 1813; he was recalled in 1816.
Woodcut is a relief printing technique in printmaking.
Dracular, Draculea, Drakulya, Drăculea, Kazıklı bey, Lord Count Dracula, The Impaler, Vlad 3, Vlad Dracula, Vlad Draculea, Vlad Drakul, Vlad Drăculea, Vlad III, Vlad III Basarab, Vlad III Dracul, Vlad III Dracula, Vlad III Draculea, Vlad III Drăculea, Vlad III Tepes, Vlad III of Wallachia, Vlad III the Impaler, Vlad III Ţepeş, Vlad III Țepeș, Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia, Vlad III, the Impaler, Vlad Tepes, Vlad Tepes III, Vlad Tepesh, Vlad Tepezsch, Vlad Tepic, Vlad The Impaler, Vlad Tzepesh, Vlad draculea, Vlad tepes, Vlad the Impailer, Vlad the impaler, Vlad Ţepeş, Vlad Ţepeș, Vlad Țepeș, Vladimir Dracula, Vladislav Tepes, Vladislav dracula, Voivode tepes.