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Voice type

Index Voice type

A voice type classifies a singing voice by vocal range, vocal weight, tessitura, vocal timbre, vocal transition points (passaggia) like breaks and lifts, and vocal register. [1]

83 relations: Alessandro Moreschi, Alfredo Kraus, Baritenor, Baritone, Bass (voice type), Bass-baritone, Basso profondo, Bel canto, Boy soprano, Castrato, Charles Villiers Stanford, Choir, Classical music, Coloratura, Coloratura soprano, Contralto, Cornélie Falcon, Countertenor, David Willcocks, Descant, Dramatic soprano, Enrico Caruso, Ewa Podleś, Fach, Falsetto, Felix Mendelssohn, Giuseppe Verdi, Grace Bumbry, Hark! The Herald Angels Sing, Haute-contre, Heldenbaritone, Human voice, Joan Sutherland, Juan Diego Flórez, Kallmann syndrome, Larynx, Leonie Rysanek, Louise-Rosalie Lefebvre, Luciano Pavarotti, Lyric soprano, Maria Callas, Mezzo-soprano, Michael Maniaci, Michael Tippett, Modal voice, National Association of Teachers of Singing, Nunc dimittis, Opera, Opera News, Passaggio, ..., Phonation, Place of articulation, Plácido Domingo, Puberphonia, Puberty, Rosa Ponselle, SATB, Scientific pitch notation, Shirley Verrett, Singing, Sopranino voice, Sopranist, Soprano, Soprano sfogato, Spinto, Spinto soprano, St John's College, Cambridge, Tenor, Tenore contraltino, Tenore di grazia, Tessitura, Timbre, Vocal fold nodule, Vocal folds, Vocal music, Vocal pedagogy, Vocal range, Vocal register, Vocal weight, Voice classification in non-classical music, Whistle register, William Vennard, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Expand index (33 more) »

Alessandro Moreschi

Alessandro Moreschi (11 November 1858 – 21 April 1922) was a castrato singer of the late 19th century and the only castrato to make solo recordings.

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Alfredo Kraus

Alfredo Kraus Trujillo (24 November 192710 September 1999) was a distinguished Spanish tenor from the Canary islands (known professionally as Alfredo Kraus), particularly known for the artistry he brought to opera's bel canto roles.

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Baritenor

Baritenor (also rendered in English language sources as bari-tenor or baritenore) is a portmanteau (blend) of the words "baritone" and "tenor".

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Baritone

A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.

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Bass (voice type)

A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.

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Bass-baritone

A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice.

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Basso profondo

Basso profondo (Italian: "deep bass"), sometimes basso profundo or contrabass, is the bass voice subtype with the lowest vocal range.

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Bel canto

Bel canto (Italian for "beautiful singing" or "beautiful song"), along with a number of similar constructions ("bellezze del canto"/"bell'arte del canto"), is a term relating to Italian singing.

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Boy soprano

A boy soprano is a young male singer with an unchanged voice in the soprano range.

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Castrato

A castrato (Italian, plural: castrati) is a type of classical male singing voice equivalent to that of a soprano, mezzo-soprano, or contralto.

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Charles Villiers Stanford

Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (30 September 1852 – 29 March 1924) was an Irish composer, music teacher, and conductor.

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Choir

A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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Coloratura

The word coloratura is originally from Italian, literally meaning "coloring", and derives from the Latin word colorare ("to color").

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Coloratura soprano

A coloratura soprano is a type of operatic soprano voice that specializes in music that is distinguished by agile runs, leaps and trills.

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Contralto

A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.

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Cornélie Falcon

Cornélie Falcon (28 January 1814 – 25 February 1897) was a French soprano who sang at the Opéra in Paris.

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Countertenor

A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.

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David Willcocks

Sir David Valentine Willcocks (30 December 1919 – 17 September 2015) was a British choral conductor, organist, composer and music administrator.

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Descant

Descant, discant, or can refer to several different things in music, depending on the period in question; etymologically, the word means a voice (cantus) above or removed from others.

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Dramatic soprano

A dramatic soprano is a type of operatic soprano with a powerful, rich, emotive voice that can sing over, or cut through, a full orchestra.

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Enrico Caruso

Enrico Caruso (25 February 1873 – 2 August 1921) was an Italian operatic tenor.

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Ewa Podleś

Ewa Podleś (born April 26, 1952) is a Polish coloratura contralto singer who has had an active international career both on the opera stage and in recital.

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Fach

The German system (literally "compartment" or "subject of study", here in the sense of "vocal specialization") is a method of classifying singers, primarily opera singers, according to the range, weight, and color of their voices.

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Falsetto

Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, "false") is the vocal register occupying the frequency range just above the modal voice register and overlapping with it by approximately one octave.

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Felix Mendelssohn

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.

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Giuseppe Verdi

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.

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Grace Bumbry

Grace Melzia Bumbry (born January 4, 1937), an American opera singer, is considered one of the leading mezzo-sopranos of her generation, as well as a major soprano for many years.

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Hark! The Herald Angels Sing

"Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" is a Christmas carol that first appeared in 1739 in the collection Hymns and Sacred Poems.

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Haute-contre

The haute-contre (plural hautes-contre) is a rare type of high tenor voice, predominant in French Baroque and Classical opera until the latter part of the eighteenth century.

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Heldenbaritone

A Heldenbaritone, also known as dramatic bass-baritone or hoher bass (high bass), is an opera singer, a German dramatic baritone.

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Human voice

The human voice consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal tract, such as talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming, etc.

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Joan Sutherland

Dame Joan Alston Sutherland, OM, AC, DBE (7 November 192610 October 2010) was an Australian dramatic coloratura soprano noted for her contribution to the renaissance of the bel canto repertoire from the late 1950s through to the 1980s.

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Juan Diego Flórez

Juan Diego Flórez (born January 13, 1973) is a Peruvian operatic tenor, particularly known for his roles in bel canto operas.

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Kallmann syndrome

Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a genetic disorder that prevents a person from starting or fully completing puberty.

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Larynx

The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, producing sound, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.

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Leonie Rysanek

Leopoldine "Leonie" Rysanek (14 November 19267 March 1998) was an Austrian dramatic soprano.

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Louise-Rosalie Lefebvre

Louise-Rosalie Lefebvre (18 June 1755 – 22 September 1821), also known as Madame Dugazon, was a French operatic mezzo-soprano, actress and dancer.

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Luciano Pavarotti

Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (12 October 19356 September 2007) was an Italian operatic tenor who also crossed over into popular music, eventually becoming one of the most commercially successful tenors of all time.

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Lyric soprano

A lyric soprano is a type of operatic soprano voice that has a warm quality with a bright, full timbre that can be heard over an orchestra.

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Maria Callas

Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was a New York-born Greek soprano, one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century.

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Mezzo-soprano

A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.

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Michael Maniaci

Michael Maniaci (born May 3, 1976) is an American opera singer.

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Michael Tippett

Sir Michael Kemp Tippett (2 January 1905 – 8 January 1998) was an English composer who rose to prominence during and immediately after the Second World War.

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Modal voice

Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages.

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National Association of Teachers of Singing

The National Association of Teachers of Singing (NATS) is a professional organization for singing teachers, and it is the largest association of its kind in the world.

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Nunc dimittis

The Nunc dimittis (also Song of Simeon or Canticle of Simeon) is a canticle from the opening words from the Vulgate translation of the New Testament in the second chapter of Luke named after its incipit in Latin, meaning "Now you dismiss".

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Opera

Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.

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Opera News

Opera News is an American classical music magazine.

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Passaggio

Passaggio is a term used in classical singing to describe the transition area between the vocal registers.

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Phonation

The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.

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Place of articulation

In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).

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Plácido Domingo

José Plácido Domingo Embil, (born 21 January 1941), known as Plácido Domingo, is a Spanish tenor, conductor and arts administrator.

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Puberphonia

Puberphonia (also known as mutational falsetto or functional falsetto) is a type of voice disorder characterized by the habitual use of a high-pitched voice after puberty.

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Puberty

Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.

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Rosa Ponselle

Rosa Ponselle (January 22, 1897 – May 25, 1981), was an American operatic soprano with a large, opulent voice.

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SATB

In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voice types required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work.

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Scientific pitch notation

Scientific pitch notation (or SPN, also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN) and International Pitch Notation (IPN)) is a method of specifying musical pitch by combining a musical note name (with accidental if needed) and a number identifying the pitch's octave.

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Shirley Verrett

Shirley Verrett (May 31, 1931 – November 5, 2010) was an African-American operatic mezzo-soprano who successfully transitioned into soprano roles, i.e. soprano sfogato.

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Singing

Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, rhythm, and a variety of vocal techniques.

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Sopranino voice

Sopranino refers to a singing voice that is higher than soprano.

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Sopranist

A sopranist (also, sopranista or male soprano) is a male singer who is able to sing in the vocal tessitura of a soprano usually through the use of falsetto vocal production.

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Soprano

A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.

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Soprano sfogato

Soprano sfogato ("Vented" soprano) is a term which, in the art of singing, designates a contralto or mezzo-soprano who is capable—by sheer industry or natural talent—of extending her upper range and being able to encompass the coloratura soprano tessitura.

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Spinto

Spinto (from Italian, "pushed") is a vocal term used to characterize a soprano or tenor voice of a weight between lyric and dramatic that is capable of handling large musical climaxes in opera at moderate intervals.

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Spinto soprano

A spinto soprano (also lirico-spinto, spinto lyric soprano or "pushed lyric") is a type of operatic soprano voice that has the limpidity and easy high notes of a lyric soprano, yet can be "pushed" on to achieve dramatic climaxes without strain.

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St John's College, Cambridge

St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge (the full, formal name of the college is The Master, Fellows and Scholars of the College of St John the Evangelist in the University of Cambridge).

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Tenor

Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.

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Tenore contraltino

The tenore contraltino is a specialized form of the tenor voice found in Italian opera around the beginning of the 19th century, mainly in the Rossini repertoire, which rapidly evolved into the modern 'Romantic' tenor.

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Tenore di grazia

, also called tenor (graceful and light tenor, respectively), is a lightweight, flexible tenor voice type.

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Tessitura

In music, tessitura (pl. tessiture, "texture") is the most esthetically acceptable and comfortable vocal range for a given singer or, less frequently, musical instrument; the range in which a given type of voice presents its best-sounding (or characteristic) timbre.

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Timbre

In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.

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Vocal fold nodule

Vocal fold nodules are bilaterally symmetrical benign white masses that form at the midpoint of the vocal folds.

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Vocal folds

The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.

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Vocal music

Vocal music is a type of music performed by one or more singers, either with instrumental accompaniment, or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing provides the main focus of the piece.

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Vocal pedagogy

Vocal pedagogy is the study of the art and science of voice instruction.

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Vocal range

Vocal range is the measure of the breadth of pitches that a human voice can phonate.

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Vocal register

A vocal register is a range of tones in the human voice produced by a particular vibratory pattern of the vocal folds.

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Vocal weight

Vocal weight refers to the perceived "lightness" or "heaviness" of a singing voice.

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Voice classification in non-classical music

There is no authoritative system of voice classification in non-classical music as classical terms are used to describe not merely various vocal ranges, but specific vocal timbres unique to each range.

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Whistle register

The whistle register (also called the flute register or whistle tone) is the highest register of the human voice, lying above the modal register and falsetto register.

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William Vennard

William Vennard (31 January 1909 Normal, Illinois – 10 January 1971 Los Angeles, California) was a famous American vocal pedagogist who devoted his life to researching the human voice and its use in singing.

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voice_type

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