105 relations: Abahlali baseMjondolo, Anarchism, Approval voting, Arrow's impossibility theorem, Assemblies of Yahweh, At-large, Audience response, Australia, Average, Ballot, Ballot box, Bill (law), Blackballing, Blockchain, Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden, Canton of Glarus, Canton of Grisons, Canton of Schwyz, Cantons of Switzerland, Cardinal voting, Centrism, Christadelphians, Civil war, Compulsory voting, Conservatism, Cosmopolitan democracy, Decision-making, Deliberative assembly, Democracy, Democratic globalization, Direct democracy, Dollar voting, Election, Elections in Israel, Electoral district, Electoral fraud, Electoral system, Electronic voting, Electronic voting in Estonia, Exhaustive ballot, Gerrymandering, Government, Ideology, Independence of irrelevant alternatives, Initiative, Instant-runoff voting, Israel, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, Landless People's Movement, ..., Landsgemeinde, Liberalism, Literacy, Majority rule, Mandate (politics), Motion (parliamentary procedure), No Land! No House! No Vote!, Non-dictatorship, None of the above, Old Order Amish, Open ballot system, Opinion poll, Pareto efficiency, Parliamentary procedure, Plurality (voting), Plurality voting, Plurality-at-large voting, Political campaign, Political party, Polling place, Postal voting, Presidential election, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, Proportional representation, Protest vote, Psephology, Ranked voting, Rastafari, Redistricting, Referendum, Religious denomination, Representative democracy, Right of expatriates to vote in their country of origin, Robert's Rules of Order, Secret ballot, Smithsonian Institution, Social choice theory, South Africa, Suffrage, The Gambia, Two-party system, Two-round system, Unanimous consent, University of Michigan, Unrestricted domain, Voice vote, Vote splitting, Voter turnout, Voting, Voting in Switzerland, Voting machine, Voting methods in deliberative assemblies, Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign, Write-in candidate, Zapatista Army of National Liberation. Expand index (55 more) » « Shrink index
Abahlali baseMjondolo (Shack Dwellers), also known as AbM or the red shirts,Richard Pithouse, ‘Our Struggle is Thought, on the Ground, Running'.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Approval voting is a single-winner electoral system where each voter may select ("approve") any number of candidates.
In social choice theory, Arrow's impossibility theorem, the general possibility theorem or Arrow's paradox is an impossibility theorem stating that when voters have three or more distinct alternatives (options), no ranked voting electoral system can convert the ranked preferences of individuals into a community-wide (complete and transitive) ranking while also meeting a specified set of criteria: unrestricted domain, non-dictatorship, Pareto efficiency and independence of irrelevant alternatives.
The Assemblies of Yahweh is a nonprofit religious organization with its international headquarters in Bethel, Pennsylvania, United States.
At-large is a designation for members of a governing body who are elected or appointed to represent the whole membership of the body (for example, a city, state or province, nation, club or association), rather than a subset of that membership.
Audience response is a type of interaction associated with the use of audience response systems, to create interactivity between a presenter and its audience.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
In colloquial language, an average is a middle or typical number of a list of numbers.
A ballot is a device used to cast votes in an election, and may be a piece of paper or a small ball used in secret voting.
A ballot box is a temporarily sealed container, usually a square box though sometimes a tamper resistant bag, with a narrow slot in the top sufficient to accept a ballot paper in an election but which prevents anyone from accessing the votes cast until the close of the voting period.
A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature.
Blackballing is a rejection in a traditional form of secret ballot, where a white ball or ballot constitutes a vote in support and a black ball signifies opposition.
A blockchain, originally block chain, is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked and secured using cryptography.
The canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden (in English sometimes Appenzell Inner-Rhodes) is the smallest canton of Switzerland by population and the second smallest by area, with canton of Basel-City being the smallest.
The canton of Glarus, also canton of Glaris (ˈɡlarʊs) is a canton in east central Switzerland.
The canton of (the) Grisons, or canton of Graubünden is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland.
The canton of Schwyz (/ʃviːt͡s/) is a canton in central Switzerland between the Alps in the south, Lake Lucerne to the west and Lake Zürich in the north, centered on and named after the town of Schwyz.
The 26 cantons of Switzerland (Kanton, canton, cantone, chantun) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation.
Cardinal voting refers to any electoral system which allows the voter to give each candidate an independent rating or grade.
In politics, centrism—the centre (British English/Canadian English/Australian English) or the center (American English/Philippine English)—is a political outlook or specific position that involves acceptance or support of a balance of a degree of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society either strongly to the left or the right.
The Christadelphians are a millenarian Christian group who hold a view of Biblical Unitarianism.
A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country.
Compulsory voting refers to laws which require eligible citizens to register and vote in national and/or local elections.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
Cosmopolitan democracy is a political theory which explores the application of norms and values of democracy at the transnational and global sphere.
In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.
A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions.
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
Democratic globalisation is a social movement towards an institutional system of global democracy.
Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly.
Dollar voting is an analogy that has been used to refer to the impact of consumer choice on producers' actions through the flow of consumer payments to producers for their goods and services.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
Elections in Israel are based on nationwide proportional representation.
An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.
Electoral fraud, election manipulation, or vote rigging is illegal interference with the process of an election, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both.
An electoral system is a set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined.
Electronic voting (also known as e-voting) refers to voting using electronic means to either aid or take care of the chores of casting and counting votes.
The idea of having electronic voting in Estonia gained popularity in 2001 with the "e-minded" coalition government.
The exhaustive ballot is a voting system used to elect a single winner.
Gerrymandering is a practice intended to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
The independence of irrelevant alternatives (IIA), also known as binary independence or the independence axiom, is an axiom of decision theory and various social sciences.
In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (referendum, sometimes called a plebiscite).
Instant-runoff voting (IRV) is a voting method used in single-seat elections with more than two candidates.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The Landless People's Movement is an independent social movement in South Africa.
The Landsgemeinde or "cantonal assembly" is a public, non-secret ballot voting system operating by majority rule, which constitutes one of the oldest forms of direct democracy.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Majority rule is a decision rule that selects alternatives which have a majority, that is, more than half the votes.
In politics, a mandate is the authority granted by a constituency to act as its representative.
In parliamentary procedure as defined in Robert's Rules of Order, a motion is a formal proposal by a member of a deliberative assembly that the assembly take certain action.
No Land! No House! No Vote! is the name of a campaign by a number of poor people's movements in South Africa that calls for the boycotting of the vote and a general rejection of party politics and vote banking.
In voting theory, non-dictatorship is a property of social choice functions which requires that the results of voting cannot simply mirror that of any single person's preferences without consideration of the other voters.
"None of the above", or NOTA for short, also known as "against all" or a "scratch" vote, is a ballot option in some jurisdictions or organizations, designed to allow the voter to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in a voting system.
The Old Order Amish are a North American ethno-religious group consisting of some 2000 local churches.
In Nigeria, open ballot system, also known as Option A4, is a voting method in which voters vote openly by queuing or otherwise, indicating the candidate of their choice.
An opinion poll, often simply referred to as a poll or a survey, is a human research survey of public opinion from a particular sample.
Pareto efficiency or Pareto optimality is a state of allocation of resources from which it is impossible to reallocate so as to make any one individual or preference criterion better off without making at least one individual or preference criterion worse off.
Parliamentary procedure is the body of rules, ethics and customs governing meetings and other operations of clubs, organizations, legislative bodies and other deliberative assemblies.
A plurality vote (in North America) or relative majority (in the United Kingdom) describes the circumstance when a candidate or proposition polls more votes than any other, but does not receive a majority.
Plurality voting is an electoral system in which each voter is allowed to vote for only one candidate, and the candidate who polls the most among their counterparts (a plurality) is elected.
Plurality-at-large voting, also known as block vote or multiple non-transferable vote (MNTV), is a non-proportional voting system for electing several representatives from a single multimember electoral district using a series of check boxes and tallying votes similar to a plurality election.
A political campaign is an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making process within a specific group.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
A polling place is where voters cast their ballots in elections.
Postal voting is voting in an election whereby ballot papers are distributed to electors or returned by post, in contrast to electors voting in person at a polling station or electronically via an electronic voting system.
A presidential election is the election of any head of state whose official title is President.
The Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes (PPUR, literally "Polytechnic and university press of French-speaking Switzerland") is a Swiss academic publishing house.
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
A protest vote (also known as a blank vote or white vote) is a vote cast in an election to demonstrate the voter's dissatisfaction with the choice of candidates or refusal of the current political system.
Psephology (from Greek psephos ψῆφος, 'pebble', as the Greeks used pebbles as ballots) is a branch of political science which deals with the study and scientific analysis of elections.
Ranked voting describes certain voting systems in which voters rank outcomes in a hierarchy on the ordinal scale (ordinal voting systems).
Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.
Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the United States.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
The right of expatriates to vote in elections in their country of origin varies depending on the legislation of an expatriate’s country of origin.
Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, commonly referred to as Robert’s Rules of Order, RONR, or simply Robert’s Rules, is the most widely used manual of parliamentary procedure in the United States.
The secret ballot is a voting method in which a voter's choices in an election or a referendum is anonymous, forestalling attempts to influence the voter by intimidation, blackmailing, and potential vote buying.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
Social choice theory or social choice is a theoretical framework for analysis of combining individual opinions, preferences, interests, or welfares to reach a collective decision or social welfare in some sense.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote).
A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government.
The two-round system (also known as the second ballot, runoff voting or ballotage) is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate.
In parliamentary procedure, unanimous consent, also known as general consent, or in the case of the parliaments under the Westminster system, leave of the house (or leave of the Senate), is a situation in which no one present objects to a proposal.
The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
In social choice theory, unrestricted domain, or universality, is a property of social welfare functions in which all preferences of all voters (but no other considerations) are allowed.
In parliamentary procedure, a voice vote (or viva voce, from the Latin, "live voice") is a voting method in deliberative assemblies (such as legislatures) in which a vote is taken on a topic or motion by responding orally.
Vote splitting is an electoral effect in which the distribution of votes among multiple similar candidates reduces the chance of winning for any of the similar candidates, and increases the chance of winning for a dissimilar candidate.
Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election.
Voting is a method for a group, such as, a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion, usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns.
Voting in Switzerland (called votation) is the process by which Swiss citizens make decisions about governance and elect officials.
A voting machine is a machine used to register and tabulate votes.
Deliberative assemblies – bodies that use parliamentary procedure to arrive at decisions – use several methods of voting on motions (formal proposal by a member or members of a deliberative assembly that the assembly take certain action).
The Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign is a non-racial popular movement made up of poor and oppressed communities in Cape Town, South Africa.
A write-in candidate is a candidate in an election whose name does not appear on the ballot, but for whom voters may vote nonetheless by writing in the person's name.
The Zapatista Army of National Liberation (Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, EZLN), often referred to as the Zapatistas, is a left-wing revolutionary political and militant group based in Chiapas, the southernmost state of Mexico.
Constituent (politics), I Voted, Retrospective vote, Retrospective voting, Votation, Vote, Vote and Voting, Vote required (parliamentary), Vote required for adoption, Voted, Voter, Voter rights, Voters, Voting bases, Voting basis, Voting citizen, Voting in broward county, Voting method, Voting methods, Worldwide voting.