159 relations: Alpha Centauri, Amalthea (moon), Amateur radio operator, American Geophysical Union, AMSAT, Apparent magnitude, Applied Physics Laboratory, Asteroid belt, Atmosphere of Titan, Attitude control, Aurora, Automaton, Blind Willie Johnson, Bochum, Brady Haran, California Institute of Technology, Callisto (moon), Camelopardalis, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 41, Cassegrain antenna, Charged particle, Chuck Berry, Comet, Communications system, Computer, Constellation, Coronal mass ejection, Cosmic ray, Cosmic Ray Subsystem, Diameter, Dione (moon), Directional antenna, Earth, Ecliptic, Edward C. Stone, Electric power, Enceladus, Equator, Escape velocity, Europa (moon), Family Portrait (Voyager), Galileo (spacecraft), Ganymede (moon), Germanium, Gliese 445, Graben, Grand Tour program, Great Red Spot, Gyroscope, ..., Half-life, Haze, Heavens-Above, Heliosphere, Helium, Herschel (Mimantean crater), Hydrazine, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Hyperion (moon), Impact crater, Interferometry, Interplanetary medium, Interstellar medium, Interstellar probe, Io (moon), Ithaca Chasma, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Jupiter, Large Strategic Science Missions, Launch vehicle, Light, Light-year, List of artificial objects leaving the Solar System, List of missions to the outer planets, Local Interstellar Cloud, Loki Patera, Lyman series, Magnetic field, Magnetic storage, Magnetometer, Magnetosphere, Magnetosphere of Jupiter, Mariner program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Methane, MHW-RTG, Miles per hour, Milky Way, Mimas (moon), Moons of Jupiter, Moons of Saturn, NASA, NASA Deep Space Network, Natural satellite, Nature (journal), New Horizons, New Orleans, Norman F. Ness, Oort cloud, Ophiuchus, Outer space, Oxygen, Pale Blue Dot, Perihelion and aphelion, Phonograph record, Pioneer 10, Pioneer 11, Planet, Plasma (physics), Pluto, Plutonium-238, Polarimeter, Polarizer, Proxima Centauri, Ra Patera, Radio astronomy, Radio wave, Radioisotope thermoelectric generator, Recessional velocity, Remote sensing, Rhea (moon), Rings of Jupiter, Rings of Saturn, Saturn, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Sidereal time, Silicon, Smithsonian (magazine), Sodium, Solar System, Solar wind, Space exploration, Space probe, Space simulator, Spectrometer, Stamatios Krimigis, Sulfur, Sun, Supernova, Tethys (moon), The Irish Times, The New York Times, Thermocouple, Tholin, Timeline of artificial satellites and space probes, Titan (moon), Titan IIIE, Ultraviolet, Valya Balkanska, Van Allen radiation belt, Viking program, Voyager 2, Voyager Golden Record, Voyager program, Waves in plasmas, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 90377 Sedna. Expand index (109 more) » « Shrink index
Alpha Centauri (α Centauri, abbreviated Alf Cen or α Cen) is the star system closest to the Solar System, being from the Sun.
Amalthea (Ἀμάλθεια) is the third moon of Jupiter in order of distance from the planet.
An amateur radio operator is someone who uses equipment at an amateur radio station to engage in two-way personal communications with other amateur operators on radio frequencies assigned to the amateur radio service.
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization of geophysicists, consisting of over 62,000 members from 144 countries.
AMSAT is a name for amateur radio satellite organizations worldwide, but in particular the Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation (AMSAT-NA) with headquarters at Kensington, Maryland, near Washington, D.C. AMSAT organizations design, build, arrange launches for, and then operate (command) satellites carrying amateur radio payloads, including the OSCAR series of satellites.
The apparent magnitude of a celestial object is a number that is a measure of its brightness as seen by an observer on Earth.
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, commonly known as simply the Applied Physics Laboratory, or APL, located in Howard County, Maryland, near Laurel and Columbia, is a not-for-profit, university-affiliated research center (or UARC) employing 6,000 people.
The asteroid belt is the circumstellar disc in the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.
The atmosphere of Titan is the layer of gases surrounding Titan, the largest moon of Saturn.
Attitude control is controlling the orientation of an object with respect to an inertial frame of reference or another entity like the celestial sphere, certain fields, and nearby objects, etc.
An aurora (plural: auroras or aurorae), sometimes referred to as polar lights, northern lights (aurora borealis) or southern lights (aurora australis), is a natural light display in the Earth's sky, predominantly seen in the high-latitude regions (around the Arctic and Antarctic).
An automaton (plural: automata or automatons) is a self-operating machine, or a machine or control mechanism designed to automatically follow a predetermined sequence of operations, or respond to predetermined instructions.
Blind Willie Johnson (January 25, 1897 – September 18, 1945) was an American gospel blues singer and guitarist and evangelist.
Bochum (Westphalian: Baukem) is a city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and part of the Arnsberg region.
Brady John Haran (born 18 June 1976) is an Australian-born British independent filmmaker and video journalist who is known for his educational videos and documentary films produced for BBC News and his YouTube channels, the most notable being Periodic Videos and Numberphile.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Callisto (Jupiter IV) is the second-largest moon of Jupiter, after Ganymede.
Camelopardalis is a large but obscure constellation of the northern sky representing a giraffe.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 41 (SLC-41), previously Launch Complex 41 (LC-41), is an active launch site at the north end of Cape Canaveral, Florida at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
In telecommunications and radar, a Cassegrain antenna is a parabolic antenna in which the feed antenna is mounted at or behind the surface of the concave main parabolic reflector dish and is aimed at a smaller convex secondary reflector suspended in front of the primary reflector.
In physics, a charged particle is a particle with an electric charge.
Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.
A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun, warms and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing.
In telecommunication, a communications system is a collection of individual communications networks, transmission systems, relay stations, tributary stations, and data terminal equipment (DTE) usually capable of interconnection and interoperation to form an integrated whole.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
A constellation is a group of stars that are considered to form imaginary outlines or meaningful patterns on the celestial sphere, typically representing animals, mythological people or gods, mythological creatures, or manufactured devices.
A coronal mass ejection (CME) is a significant release of plasma and magnetic field from the solar corona.
Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.
Cosmic Ray Subsystem (CRS, or Cosmic Ray System) is an instrument aboard the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft of the NASA Voyager program, and it is an experiment to detect cosmic rays.
In geometry, a diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints lie on the circle.
Dione (Διώνη) is a moon of Saturn.
A directional antenna or beam antenna is an antenna which radiates or receives greater power in specific directions allowing increased performance and reduced interference from unwanted sources.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
The ecliptic is the circular path on the celestial sphere that the Sun follows over the course of a year; it is the basis of the ecliptic coordinate system.
Edward Carroll Stone (born January 23, 1936) is an American space scientist, professor of physics at the California Institute of Technology, and former director of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.
Enceladus is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn.
An equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is its zeroth circle of latitude (parallel).
In physics, escape velocity is the minimum speed needed for an object to escape from the gravitational influence of a massive body.
Europa or as Ευρώπη (Jupiter II) is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and the sixth-closest to the planet.
The Family Portrait, or sometimes Portrait of the Planets, is an image of the Solar System acquired by Voyager 1 on February 14, 1990 from a distance of approximately 6 billion kilometers from Earth.
Galileo was an American unmanned spacecraft that studied the planet Jupiter and its moons, as well as several other Solar System bodies.
Ganymede (Jupiter III) is the largest and most massive moon of Jupiter and in the Solar System.
Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.
Gliese 445 (Gl 445) is an M-type main sequence star in the constellation of Camelopardalis, close to Polaris.
In geology, a graben is a depressed block of the Earth's crust bordered by parallel faults.
The Grand Tour was a NASA program that would have sent two groups of robotic probes to all the planets of the outer Solar System.
The Great Red Spot is a persistent high-pressure region in the atmosphere of Jupiter, producing an anticyclonic storm 22° south of the planet's equator.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.
Haze is traditionally an atmospheric phenomenon in which dust, smoke, and other dry particulates obscure the clarity of the sky.
Heavens-Above is a non-profit website developed and maintained by Chris Peat as Heavens-Above GmbH.
The heliosphere is the bubble-like region of space dominated by the Sun, which extends far beyond the orbit of Pluto.
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
Herschel is a huge crater in the leading hemisphere of the Saturnian moon Mimas, on the equator at 100° longitude.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Hyperion (Greek: Ὑπερίων), also known as Saturn VII (7), is a moon of Saturn discovered by William Cranch Bond, George Phillips Bond and William Lassell in 1848.
An impact crater is an approximately circular depression in the surface of a planet, moon, or other solid body in the Solar System or elsewhere, formed by the hypervelocity impact of a smaller body.
Interferometry is a family of techniques in which waves, usually electromagnetic waves, are superimposed causing the phenomenon of interference in order to extract information.
The interplanetary medium is the material which fills the Solar System, and through which all the larger Solar System bodies, such as planets, dwarf planets, asteroids, and comets, move.
In astronomy, the interstellar medium (ISM) is the matter and radiation that exists in the space between the star systems in a galaxy.
An interstellar probe is a space probe that has left—or is expected to leave—the Solar System and enter interstellar space, which is typically defined as the region beyond the heliopause.
Io (Jupiter I) is the innermost of the four Galilean moons of the planet Jupiter.
Ithaca Chasma is a valley (graben) on Saturn's moon Tethys, named after the island of Ithaca, in Greece.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
NASA's Large Strategic Science Missions, formerly known as Flagship missions or Flagship-class missions, are the costliest and most capable NASA science spacecraft.
A launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface through outer space, either to another surface point (suborbital), or into space (Earth orbit or beyond).
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The light-year is a unit of length used to express astronomical distances and measures about 9.5 trillion kilometres or 5.9 trillion miles.
Below is a list of artificial objects leaving the Solar System.
A total of nine spacecraft have been launched on missions that involve visits to the outer planets; all nine missions involve encounters with Jupiter, with four spacecraft also visiting Saturn.
The Local Interstellar Cloud (LIC), also known as the Local Fluff, is the interstellar cloud roughly across through which the Solar System is currently moving.
Loki Patera is the largest volcanic depression on Jupiter's moon Io, in diameter.
In physics and chemistry, the Lyman series is a hydrogen spectral series of transitions and resulting ultraviolet emission lines of the hydrogen atom as an electron goes from n ≥ 2 to n.
A magnetic field is a vector field that describes the magnetic influence of electrical currents and magnetized materials.
Magnetic storage or magnetic recording is the storage of data on a magnetized medium.
A magnetometer is an instrument that measures magnetism—either the magnetization of a magnetic material like a ferromagnet, or the direction, strength, or relative change of a magnetic field at a particular location.
A magnetosphere is the region of space surrounding an astronomical object in which charged particles are manipulated or affected by that object's magnetic field.
The magnetosphere of Jupiter is the cavity created in the solar wind by the planet's magnetic field.
The Mariner program was a 10-mission program conducted by the American space agency NASA in conjunction with Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
The Multihundred-Watt radioisotope thermoelectric generators (MHW RTG) is a type of US radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) developed for the Voyager spacecrafts, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2.
Miles per hour (abbreviated mph, MPH or mi/h) is an imperial and United States customary unit of speed expressing the number of statute miles covered in one hour.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
Mimas, also designated Saturn I, is a moon of Saturn which was discovered in 1789 by William Herschel.
There are 69 known moons of Jupiter.
The moons of Saturn are numerous and diverse, ranging from tiny moonlets less than 1 kilometer across to the enormous Titan, which is larger than the planet Mercury.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) is a worldwide network of US spacecraft communication facilities, located in the United States (California), Spain (Madrid), and Australia (Canberra), that supports NASA's interplanetary spacecraft missions.
A natural satellite or moon is, in the most common usage, an astronomical body that orbits a planet or minor planet (or sometimes another small Solar System body).
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
New Horizons is an interplanetary space probe that was launched as a part of NASA's New Frontiers program.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
Norman Frederick Ness (born April 15, 1933) was an American geophysicist.
The Oort cloud, named after the Dutch astronomer Jan Oort, sometimes called the Öpik–Oort cloud, is a theoretical cloud of predominantly icy planetesimals proposed to surround the Sun at distances ranging from.
Ophiuchus is a large constellation straddling the celestial equator.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Pale Blue Dot is a photograph of planet Earth taken on February 14, 1990, by the Voyager 1 space probe from a record distance of about kilometers (miles, 40.5 AU), as part of that day's ''Family Portrait'' series of images of the Solar System.
The perihelion of any orbit of a celestial body about the Sun is the point where the body comes nearest to the Sun.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.
Pioneer 10 (originally designated Pioneer F) is an American space probe, launched in 1972 and weighing, that completed the first mission to the planet Jupiter.
Pioneer 11 (also known as Pioneer G) is a robotic space probe launched by NASA on April 6, 1973 to study the asteroid belt, the environment around Jupiter and Saturn, solar wind and cosmic rays.
A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.
Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.
Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune.
Plutonium-238 (also known as Pu-238 or 238Pu) is a radioactive isotope of plutonium that has a half-life of 87.7 years.
A polarimeter is a scientific instrument used to measure the angle of rotation caused by passing polarized light through an optically active substance.
A polarizer or polariser is an optical filter that lets light waves of a specific polarization pass through while blocking light waves of other polarizations.
Proxima Centauri, or Alpha Centauri C, is a red dwarf, a small low-mass star, about from the Sun in the constellation of Centaurus.
Ra Patera is an extraterrestrial volcano located on Io.
Radio astronomy is a subfield of astronomy that studies celestial objects at radio frequencies.
Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.
A Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG, RITEG) is an electrical generator that uses an array of thermocouples to convert the heat released by the decay of a suitable radioactive material into electricity by the Seebeck effect.
Recessional velocity is the rate at which an astronomical object is moving away, typically from Earth.
Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object and thus in contrast to on-site observation.
Rhea (Ῥέᾱ) is the second-largest moon of Saturn and the ninth-largest moon in the Solar System.
The planet Jupiter has a system of rings known as the rings of Jupiter or the Jovian ring system.
The rings of Saturn are the most extensive ring system of any planet in the Solar System.
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
Sidereal time is a timekeeping system that astronomers use to locate celestial objects.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Smithsonian is the official journal published by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The first issue was published in 1970.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.
The solar wind is a stream of charged particles released from the upper atmosphere of the Sun, called the corona.
Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of celestial structures in outer space by means of evolving and growing space technology.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
A space simulator is a system that tries to replicate or simulate outer space as closely and realistically as possible.
A spectrometer is a scientific instrument used to separate and measure spectral components of a physical phenomenon.
Stamatios (Tom) M. Krimigis (Σταμάτιος Κριμιζής) is a Greek-American scientist in space exploration.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
A supernova (plural: supernovae or supernovas, abbreviations: SN and SNe) is a transient astronomical event that occurs during the last stellar evolutionary stages of a star's life, either a massive star or a white dwarf, whose destruction is marked by one final, titanic explosion.
Tethys (or Saturn III) is a mid-sized moon of Saturn about across.
The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
A thermocouple is an electrical device consisting of two dissimilar electrical conductors forming electrical junctions at differing temperatures.
Tholins (after the Greek θολός (tholós) "hazy" or "muddy"; from the ancient Greek word meaning "sepia ink") are a wide variety of organic compounds formed by solar ultraviolet irradiation or cosmic rays from simple carbon-containing compounds such as carbon dioxide, methane or ethane, often in combination with nitrogen.
This timeline of artificial satellites and space probes includes unmanned spacecraft including technology demonstrators, observatories, lunar probes, and interplanetary probes.
Titan is the largest moon of Saturn.
The Titan IIIE or Titan 3E, also known as the Titan III-Centaur, was an American expendable launch system. Launched seven times between 1974 and 1977, it enabled several high-profile NASA missions, including the Voyager and Viking planetary probes and the joint West Germany-U.S. Helios spacecraft. All seven launches were conducted from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 41 in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Valya Mladenova Balkanska (Валя Младенова Балканска) (born 8 January 1942) is a Bulgarian folk music singer from the Rhodope Mountains known locally for her wide repertoire of Balkan folksong, but in the West mainly for singing the song "Izlel ye Delyo Haydutin", part of the Voyager Golden Record selection of music included in the two Voyager spacecraft launched in 1977.
A Van Allen radiation belt is a zone of energetic charged particles, most of which originate from the solar wind, that are captured by and held around a planet by that planet's magnetic field.
The Viking program consisted of a pair of American space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2.
Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977, to study the outer planets.
The Voyager Golden Records are two phonograph records that were included aboard both Voyager spacecraft launched in 1977.
The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.
In plasma physics, waves in plasmas are an interconnected set of particles and fields which propagates in a periodically repeating fashion.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
90377 Sedna is a large minor planet in the outer reaches of the Solar System that was,, at a distance of about 86 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun, about three times as far as Neptune.