229 relations: Abolitionism in the United States, Abraham Lincoln, Adam Smith, African Americans, Age of Enlightenment, AK Press, Alfred A. Knopf, American Civil War, American Federation of Labor, American Journal of Sociology, Anarchism, Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas, Anarcho-syndicalism, Anti-capitalism, Aristotle, Artisan, Austrian School, Autonomy, Basic income, Beau Friedlander, Bourgeoisie, Buenaventura Durruti, Cambridge University Press, Capital, Volume I, Capitalist mode of production (Marxist theory), Carole Pateman, Catholic Church, Cato Institute, Cicero, Confederate States of America, Confederation, Contemporary slavery, Continuum International Publishing Group, Criticism of capitalism, Cultural hegemony, David Ellerman, David Graeber, De Officiis, Debt bondage, Debt: The First 5000 Years, Dehumanization, Dictionary.com, Diggers, Dimitrios Roussopoulos, Distributism, E. P. Thompson, Ecco Press, Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Economic oppression, Eight-hour day, ..., Elite, Elsevier, Emerald Group Publishing, Employment, Employment contract, Employment discrimination, Employment-to-population ratio, Entitlement, Erich Fromm, Exploitation of labour, Family wage, Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology, Frederick Douglass, Free association (Marxism and anarchism), Freedom Press, Friedrich Engels, Georgism, Gerrard Winstanley, Gilded Age, Grand National Consolidated Trades Union, Guaranteed minimum income, Harvard University Press, Henry David Thoreau, Henry George, Henry Holt and Company, Henry Louis Gates Jr., History of the United States Republican Party, In Defense of Global Capitalism, Income distribution, Industrial Revolution, Inequality of bargaining power, International Labour Organization, Investment theory of party competition, Involuntary unemployment, Jeff Schmidt (writer), John Dewey, John Wiley & Sons, Karl Marx, Knights of Labor, Labour economics, Laissez Faire Books, Lawrence B. Glickman, Liberalism, Libertarian socialism, Library of America, List of countries by average wage, List of countries by employment rate, List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, List of Guggenheim Fellowships awarded in 1998, List of OECD countries by job security, Livelihood, Living wage, Loeb Classical Library, Lowell Mill Girls, Loyola University New Orleans, Luddite, Macmillan Publishers (United States), Marc Hauser, Market system, Marxism, Marxists Internet Archive, Maximum wage, Means of production, Melville House Publishing, Merriam-Webster, Mikhail Bakunin, Milgram experiment, Mises Institute, Moral Minds, Mother Jones (magazine), Murray Bookchin, Murray Rothbard, Nationalization, Neoclassical economics, No Logo, Noam Chomsky, Our Generation (journal), Ownership, Oxford University Press, Participatory economics, Paul Samuelson, Payday loan, Pearson plc, Penguin Classics, Peter Kropotkin, Phoenix Books, Picador (imprint), Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Political Research Quarterly, Politics & Society, Politics (Aristotle), Post-Keynesian economics, Poverty, Poverty industry, Price system, Prickly Paradigm Press, Private property, Profit over People, Progress Publishers, Proletariat, Propaganda, Refusal of work, Reinforcement, Reseller, Reserve army of labour, Right-libertarianism, Robert Kuttner, Robert Nozick, Routledge, Rowman & Littlefield, Salary, Salaryman, Self-employment, Self-ownership, Seven Stories Press, Silvio Gesell, Simon-Nicholas Henri Linguet, Slavery, Slavery among the indigenous peoples of the Americas, Social alienation, Social class, Social Forces, Social inequality, Social ownership, Social Science History, Social status, Social stigma, Social stratification, Socialist economics, South End Press, Southern Historical Association, Sovereign state, Spunk Library, Stanford prison experiment, Starvation, State (polity), State socialism, Sweatshop, Syndicalism, Taylor & Francis, The Culture of Make Believe, The Limits of State Action, The Making of the English Working Class, The Miners' Next Step, The New York Times, Theories of Surplus Value, Thomas Ferguson (academic), Thomas Paine, Title loan, To Have or to Be?, Truck system, Unemployment, University of California Press, University of Chicago Press, University of Illinois Press, University of New South Wales, University of Texas Press, Usury, Verso Books, Vintage Books, W. W. Norton & Company, Wage, Wage labour, Wage theft, Wages and salaries, Walden, Welfare, What Is Property?, Wiley-Blackwell, Wilhelm von Humboldt, William Lazonick, Work–life balance, Worker cooperative, Workers' control, Workers' self-management, Working poor, Yale University Press, Z Communications, Zero-hour contract. Expand index (179 more) » « Shrink index
Abolitionism in the United States was the movement before and during the American Civil War to end slavery in the United States.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".
AK Press is a worker-managed, independent publisher and book distributor that specialises in radical left and anarchist literature.
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. is a New York publishing house that was founded by Alfred A. Knopf Sr. and Blanche Knopf in 1915.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was a national federation of labor unions in the United States founded in Columbus, Ohio, in December 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor union.
Established in 1895 as the first US scholarly journal in its field, American Journal of Sociology (AJS) presents pathbreaking work from all areas of sociology, with an emphasis on theory building and innovative methods.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas is a three-volume anthology of anarchist writings edited by historian Robert Graham.
Anarcho-syndicalism (also referred to as revolutionary syndicalism) is a theory of anarchism that views revolutionary industrial unionism or syndicalism as a method for workers in capitalist society to gain control of an economy and with that control influence in broader society.
Anti-capitalism encompasses a wide variety of movements, ideas and attitudes that oppose capitalism.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
An artisan (from artisan, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker.
The Austrian School is a school of economic thought that is based on methodological individualism—the concept that social phenomena result from the motivations and actions of individuals.
In development or moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy is the capacity to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
A basic income, also called basic income guarantee, universal basic income (UBI), basic living stipend (BLS) or universal demogrant, is a type of program in which citizens (or permanent residents) of a country may receive a regular sum of money from the government.
Beau Friedlander is an American writer, publisher, and media consultant.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
José Buenaventura Durruti Dumange (14 July 1896 – 20 November 1936) was a Spanish insurrectionary, anarcho-syndicalist militant involved with the CNT, FAI and other anarchist organisations during the period leading up to and including the Spanish Civil War.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
In Karl Marx's critique of political economy and subsequent Marxian analyses, the capitalist mode of production refers to the systems of organizing production and distribution within capitalist societies.
Carole Pateman (born 11 December 1940) is a feminist and political theorist.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common action often in relation to other states.
Contemporary slavery, also known as modern slavery, refers to the institutions of slavery that continue to exist in the present day.
Continuum International Publishing Group was an academic publisher of books with editorial offices in London and New York City.
Criticism of capitalism ranges from expressing disagreement with the principles of capitalism in its entirety to expressing disagreement with particular outcomes of capitalism.
In Marxist philosophy, cultural hegemony is the domination of a culturally diverse society by the ruling class who manipulate the culture of that society—the beliefs, explanations, perceptions, values, and mores—so that their imposed, ruling-class worldview becomes the accepted cultural norm; the universally valid dominant ideology, which justifies the social, political, and economic status quo as natural and inevitable, perpetual and beneficial for everyone, rather than as artificial social constructs that benefit only the ruling class.
David Patterson Ellerman (born March 14, 1943) is a philosopher and author who works in the fields of economics and political economy, social theory and philosophy, and in mathematics.
David Rolfe Graeber (born 12 February 1961) is an American anthropologist and anarchist activist, perhaps best known for his 2011 volume Debt: The First 5000 Years.
De Officiis (On Duties or On Obligations) is a treatise by Marcus Tullius Cicero divided into three books, in which Cicero expounds his conception of the best way to live, behave, and observe moral obligations.
Debt bondage, also known as debt slavery or bonded labour, is a person's pledge of labour or services as security for the repayment for a debt or other obligation, where there is no hope of actually repaying the debt.
Debt: The First 5,000 Years is a book by anthropologist David Graeber published in 2011.
Dehumanization or an act thereof can describe a behavior or process that undermines individuality of and in others.
Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995.
The Diggers were a group of Protestant radicals in England, sometimes seen as forerunners of modern anarchism, and also associated with agrarian socialism and Georgism.
Dimitrios I. Roussopoulos (born 1936) is a political activist, ecologist, writer, editor, publisher, community organizer, and public speaker.
Distributism is an economic ideology that developed in Europe in the late 19th and early 20th century based upon the principles of Catholic social teaching, especially the teachings of Pope Leo XIII in his encyclical Rerum novarum and Pope Pius XI in Quadragesimo anno.
Edward Palmer Thompson (3 February 1924 – 28 August 1993), usually cited as E. P.
Ecco Press is a New York-based publishing imprint of HarperCollins.
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (also referred to as The Paris Manuscripts) are a series of notes written between April and August 1844 by Karl Marx.
Economic oppression may take several forms, including the practice of bonded labour in some parts of India; serfdom; forced labour; low wages; denial of equal opportunity; practicing employment discrimination; and economic discrimination based on sex, nationality, race, and religion.
The eight-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement, also known as the short-time movement, was a social movement to regulate the length of a working day, preventing excesses and abuses.
In political and sociological theory, the elite (French élite, from Latin eligere) are a small group of powerful people who hold a disproportionate amount of wealth, privilege, political power, or skill in a society.
Elsevier is an information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information.
Emerald Publishing Limited is a scholarly publisher of academic journals and books in the fields of management, business, education, library studies, health care, and engineering.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.
An employment contract or contract of employment is a kind of contract used in labour law to attribute rights and responsibilities between parties to a bargain.
Employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, age, sexual orientation, and gender identity by employers.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development defines the employment rate as the employment-to-population ratio.
An entitlement is a provision made in accordance with a legal framework of a society.
Erich Seligmann Fromm (March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German-born American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist.
Exploitation of labour is the act of treating one's workers unfairly for one's own benefit.
A family wage is a wage that is sufficient to raise a family.
Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology is one of a series of pamphlets published by Prickly Paradigm Press in 2004.
Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey; – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.
Free association (also called "free association of producers" or, as Marx often called it, a "community of freely associated individuals") is a relationship among individuals where there is no state, social class, authority, or private ownership of means of production.
Freedom Press is an anarchist publishing house in Whitechapel, London, United Kingdom.
Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.
Georgism, also called geoism and single tax (archaic), is an economic philosophy holding that, while people should own the value they produce themselves, economic value derived from land (including natural resources and natural opportunities) should belong equally to all members of society.
Gerrard Winstanley (19 October 1609 – 10 September 1676) was an English Protestant religious reformer, political philosopher, and activist during The Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell.
The Gilded Age in United States history is the late 19th century, from the 1870s to about 1900.
The Grand National Consolidated Trades Union of 1834 was an early attempt to form a national union confederation in the United Kingdom.
Guaranteed minimum income (GMI), also called minimum income, is a system of social welfare provision that guarantees that all citizens or families have an income sufficient to live on, provided they meet certain conditions.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Henry David Thoreau (see name pronunciation; July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian.
Henry George (September 2, 1839 – October 29, 1897) was an American political economist and journalist.
Henry Holt and Company is an American book publishing company based in New York City.
Henry Louis "Skip" Gates Jr. (born September 16, 1950) is an American literary critic, teacher, historian, filmmaker and public intellectual who currently serves as the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor and Director of the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research at Harvard University.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the world's oldest extant political parties.
In Defense of Global Capitalism (in Swedish: Till världskapitalismens försvar) is a book by Swedish writer Johan Norberg promoting economic globalization and free trade.
In economics, income distribution is how a nation’s total GDP is distributed amongst its population.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
In law, economics and the social sciences, inequality of bargaining power is where one party to a "bargain", contract or agreement, has more and better alternatives than the other party.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
The Investment theory of party competition is a political theory developed by Thomas Ferguson, Emeritus Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts Boston.
Involuntary unemployment occurs when a person is willing to work at the prevailing wage yet is unemployed.
Jeff Schmidt is a physicist who wrote the 2000 book Disciplined Minds, a critique of the socialization and training of professionals.
John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, Georgist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
Knights of Labor (K of L), officially Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, was the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
Laissez Faire Books (LFB) is an online bookseller that was originally based in New York City when it first opened in 1972.
Lawrence B. Glickman (born January 10, 1963) is an American history professor and author of two books and several articles on consumerism.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Libertarian socialism (or socialist libertarianism) is a group of anti-authoritarian political philosophies inside the socialist movement that rejects socialism as centralized state ownership and control of the economy.
The Library of America (LOA) is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature.
The average wage is a measure of total income after taxes divided by total number of employees employed.
This is a list of countries by employment rate, this being the proportion of employed adults in the working age.
Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
List of Guggenheim Fellowships awarded in 1998.
This is a list of OECD countries by job security, an important component in measuring quality of life and the well-being of its citizens.
A person's livelihood refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities -food, water, shelter and clothing- of life".
A living wage is the minimum income necessary for a worker to meet their basic needs.
The Loeb Classical Library (LCL; named after James Loeb) is a series of books, today published by Harvard University Press, which presents important works of ancient Greek and Latin literature in a way designed to make the text accessible to the broadest possible audience, by presenting the original Greek or Latin text on each left-hand page, and a fairly literal translation on the facing page.
The Lowell Mill Girls were young female workers who came to work in industrial corporations in Lowell, Massachusetts, during the Industrial Revolution in the United States.
Loyola University New Orleans is a private, co-educational, Jesuit university located in New Orleans, Louisiana.
The Luddites were a radical group of English textile workers and weavers in the 19th century who destroyed weaving machinery as a form of protest.
Macmillan Publishers USA was the former name of a now mostly defunct American publishing company.
Marc D. Hauser (born October 25, 1959) is an American evolutionary biologist and a researcher in primate behavior, animal cognition and human behavior.
A market system is any systematic process enabling many market players to bid and ask: helping bidders and sellers interact and make deals.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Marxists Internet Archive (also known as MIA or Marxists.org) is a non-profit website that hosts a multilingual library (created in 1990) of the works of Marxist, communist, socialist, and anarchist writers, such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Che Guevara, Mikhail Bakunin, and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, as well as that of writers of related ideologies, and even unrelated ones (for instance, Sun Tzu and Adam Smith).
A maximum wage, also often called a wage ceiling, is a legal limit on how much income an individual can earn.
In economics and sociology, the means of production (also called capital goods) are physical non-human and non-financial inputs used in the production of economic value.
Melville House Publishing is an independent publisher of literary fiction, non-fiction, and poetry.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (– 1 July 1876) was a Russian revolutionary anarchist and founder of collectivist anarchism.
The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram.
The Mises Institute, short name for Ludwig von Mises Institute for Austrian Economics, is a tax-exempt educative organization located in Auburn, Alabama, United States.
Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong is a 2006 book by former Harvard psychologist Marc Hauser in which he develops an empirically grounded theory to explain morality as a universal grammar.
Mother Jones (abbreviated MoJo) is a progressive American magazine that focuses on news, commentary, and investigative reporting on topics including politics, the environment, human rights, and culture.
Murray Bookchin (January 14, 1921 – July 30, 2006)was an American social theorist, author, orator, historian, and political philosopher.
Murray Newton Rothbard (March 2, 1926 – January 7, 1995) was an American heterodox economist of the Austrian School, a historian and a political theorist whose writings and personal influence played a seminal role in the development of modern right-libertarianism.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Neoclassical economics is an approach to economics focusing on the determination of goods, outputs, and income distributions in markets through supply and demand.
No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies is a book by the Canadian author Naomi Klein.
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.
Our Generation was an anarchist journal published in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1961 through 1994.
Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive rights and control over property, which may be an object, land/real estate or intellectual property.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Participatory economics, often abbreviated parecon, is an economic system based on participatory decision making as the primary economic mechanism for allocation in society.
Paul Anthony Samuelson (15 May 1915 – 13 December 2009) was an American economist and the first American to win the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
A payday loan (also called a payday advance, salary loan, payroll loan, small dollar loan, short term, or cash advance loan) is a small, short-term unsecured loan, "regardless of whether repayment of loans is linked to a borrower's payday." The loans are also sometimes referred to as "cash advances," though that term can also refer to cash provided against a prearranged line of credit such as a credit card.
Pearson plc is a British multinational publishing and education company headquartered in London.
Penguin Classics is an imprint published by Penguin Books, a subsidiary of Penguin Random House.
Pyotr Alexeevich Kropotkin (Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian activist, revolutionary, scientist and philosopher who advocated anarcho-communism.
Phoenix is a paperback imprint of the Orion Publishing Group.
Picador is an imprint of Pan Macmillan in the United Kingdom and Australia and of Macmillan Publishing in the United States.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (15 January 1809 – 19 January 1865) was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy.
Political Research Quarterly is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the field of political science.
Politics & Society is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the field of political science.
Politics (Πολιτικά, Politiká) is a work of political philosophy by Aristotle, a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher.
Post-Keynesian economics is a school of economic thought with its origins in The General Theory of John Maynard Keynes, with subsequent development influenced to a large degree by Michał Kalecki, Joan Robinson, Nicholas Kaldor, Sidney Weintraub, Paul Davidson, Piero Sraffa and Jan Kregel.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
The terms poverty industry or poverty business refer to a wide range of money-making activities that attract a large portion of their business from the poor because they are poor.
In economics, a price system is a component of any economic system that uses prices expressed in any form of money for the valuation and distribution of goods and services and the factors of production.
Prickly Paradigm Press is a new incarnation of Prickly Pear Pamphlets, which was started in 1993, in Cambridge, England, by anthropologists Keith Hart and Anna Grimshaw.
Private property is a legal designation for the ownership of property by non-governmental legal entities.
Profit Over People: Neoliberalism and Global Order is a 1999 book by Noam Chomsky, published by Seven Stories Press.
Progress Publishers was a Moscow-based Soviet publisher founded in 1931.
The proletariat (from Latin proletarius "producing offspring") is the class of wage-earners in a capitalist society whose only possession of significant material value is their labour-power (their ability to work).
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Refusal of work is behavior in which a person refuses to adapt to regular employment.
In behavioral psychology, reinforcement is a consequence that will strengthen an organism's future behavior whenever that behavior is preceded by a specific antecedent stimulus.
A reseller is a company or individual (merchant) that purchases goods or services with the intention of selling them rather than consuming or using them.
Reserve army of labour is a concept in Karl Marx's critique of political economy.
Right-libertarianism (or right-wing libertarianism) refers to libertarian political philosophies that advocate negative rights, natural law and a major reversal of the modern welfare state.
Robert Kuttner (born April 17, 1943) is an American journalist and writer whose works present a liberal / progressive point of view.
Robert Nozick (November 16, 1938 – January 23, 2002) was an American philosopher.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
A salary is a form of payment from an employer to an employee, which may be specified in an employment contract.
refers to a man whose income is salary based, particularly those working for corporations.
Self-employment is the state of working for oneself rather than an employer.
Self-ownership (also known as sovereignty of the individual, individual sovereignty or individual autonomy) is the concept of property in one's own person, expressed as the moral or natural right of a person to have bodily integrity and be the exclusive controller of one's own body and life.
Seven Stories Press is an independent American publishing company.
Silvio Gesell (17 March 1862 – 11 March 1930) was a German merchant, theoretical economist, social activist, Georgist, anarchist, libertarian socialist, and founder of Freiwirtschaft.
Simon-Nicholas Henri Linguet (14 July 1736 – 27 June 1794) was French journalist and advocate known for his conservative politics who was executed during the French Revolution.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Slavery among the indigenous peoples of the Americas took many forms throughout North and South America.
Social alienation is "a condition in social relationships reflected by a low degree of integration or common values and a high degree of distance or isolation between individuals, or between an individual and a group of people in a community or work environment".
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
Social Forces (formerly Journal of Social Forces) is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal of social science published by Oxford University Press for the Department of Sociology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons.
Social ownership is any of various forms of ownership for the means of production in socialist economic systems, encompassing public ownership, employee ownership, cooperative ownership, citizen ownership of equity, common ownership and collective ownership.
Social Science History is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal.
Social status is the relative respect, competence, and deference accorded to people, groups, and organizations in a society.
Social stigma is disapproval of (or discontent with) a person based on socially characteristic grounds that are perceived.
Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
Socialist economics refers to the economic theories, practices, and norms of hypothetical and existing socialist economic systems.
South End Press was a non-profit book publisher run on a model of participatory economics.
The Southern Historical Association (SHA) is an organization of historians focusing on the history of the Southern United States (commonly referred to as southern history).
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
The Spunk Library (also known as Spunk Press) was an anarchist Internet archive.
The Stanford prison experiment was a 1971 experiment that attempted to investigate the psychological effects of perceived power, focusing on the struggle between prisoners and prison officers.
Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
State socialism is a classification for any socialist political and economic perspective advocating state ownership of the means of production either as a temporary measure in the transition from capitalism to socialism, or as characteristic of socialism itself.
Sweatshop (or sweat factory) is a pejorative term for a workplace that has very poor, socially unacceptable working conditions.
Syndicalism is a proposed type of economic system, considered a replacement for capitalism.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
The Culture of Make Believe is a non-fiction book by Derrick Jensen, first published in 2002.
The Limits Of State Action is a philosophical treatise by Wilhelm von Humboldt, which is a major work of the German Enlightenment and the most significant source for the ideas which John Stuart Mill popularized in his essay On Liberty.
The Making of the English Working Class is a work of English social history, written by E. P. Thompson, a 'New Left' historian.
The Miners' Next Step was an economic and political pamphlet produced in 1912 calling for coal miners through their lodges, to embrace syndicalism and a new 'scientific' trade unionism.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Theories of Surplus Value (Theorien über den Mehrwert) is a draft manuscript written by Karl Marx between January 1862 and July 1863.
Thomas Ferguson (born 1949) is an American political scientist and author who writes on politics and economics, often within a historical perspective.
Thomas Paine (born Thomas Pain; – In the contemporary record as noted by Conway, Paine's birth date is given as January 29, 1736–37. Common practice was to use a dash or a slash to separate the old-style year from the new-style year. In the old calendar, the new year began on March 25, not January 1. Paine's birth date, therefore, would have been before New Year, 1737. In the new style, his birth date advances by eleven days and his year increases by one to February 9, 1737. The O.S. link gives more detail if needed. – June 8, 1809) was an English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary.
A car title loan is a type of secured loan where borrowers can use their vehicle title as collateral.
To Have or to Be? is a 1976 book by psychoanalyst Erich Fromm, in which he differentiates between having and being.
A truck system is an arrangement in which employees are paid in commodities or some money substitute (such as vouchers or token coins, called in some dialects scrip or chit) rather than with standard money.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
The University of Illinois Press (UIP) is a major American university press and is part of the University of Illinois system.
The University of New South Wales (UNSW; branded as UNSW Sydney) is an Australian public research university located in the Sydney suburb of Kensington.
The University of Texas Press (or UT Press) is a university press that is part of the University of Texas at Austin.
Usury is, as defined today, the practice of making unethical or immoral monetary loans that unfairly enrich the lender.
Verso Books (formerly New Left Books) is a publishing house based in London and New York City, founded in 1970 by the staff of New Left Review.
Vintage Books is a publishing imprint established in 1954 by Alfred A. Knopf.
A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
Wage labour (also wage labor in American English) is the socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer, where the worker sells his or her labour under a formal or informal employment contract.
Wage theft is the denial of wages or employee benefits rightfully owed an employee.
Wages and salaries are the remuneration paid or payable to employees for work performed on behalf of an employer or services provided.
Walden (first published as Walden; or, Life in the Woods) is a book by noted transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
What Is Property?: or, An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government (Qu'est-ce que la propriété ? ou Recherche sur le principe du Droit et du Gouvernement) is a work of nonfiction on the concept of property and its relation to anarchist philosophy by the French anarchist and mutualist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, first published in 1840.
Wiley-Blackwell is the international scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons.
Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Karl Ferdinand von Humboldt (22 June 1767 – 8 April 1835) was a Prussian philosopher, linguist, government functionary, diplomat, and founder of the Humboldt University of Berlin, which was named after him in 1949 (and also after his younger brother, Alexander von Humboldt, a naturalist).
William Lazonick (born in Toronto, Canada, on June 8, 1945) is an economist who studies innovation and competition in the global economy.
Work–life balance is the term used to describe the balance that an individual needs between time allocated for work and other aspects of life.
A worker cooperative, is a cooperative that is owned and self-managed by its workers.
Workers' control is participation in the management of factories and other commercial enterprises by the people who work there.
Self-management or workers' self-management (also referred to as labor management, autogestión, workers' control, industrial democracy, democratic management and producer cooperatives) is a form of organizational management based on self-directed work processes on the part of an organization's workforce.
The working poor are working people whose incomes fall below a given poverty line due to lack of work hours and/or low wages.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
Z Communications is a left-wing activist-oriented media group founded in 1986 by Michael Albert and Lydia Sargent.
A zero-hour contract is a type of contract between an employer and a worker, where the employer is not obliged to provide any minimum working hours, while the worker is not obliged to accept any work offered.