55 relations: Battle of Sarhū, Beijing, China, Chinese emperors family tree (late), Chinese era name, Chinese surname, Chongzhen Emperor, Cultural Revolution, Daišan, Dingling (Ming), Donglin movement, Emperor of China, Empress Dowager Xiaoding, Empress Dowager Xiaojing, Empress Xiaoyuanzhen, Eunuch, Gregorian calendar, Heir apparent, Hong Taiji, House of Zhu, Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), Julian calendar, Jurchen people, Li Chengliang, Li Rusong, Liaodong Peninsula, List of emperors of the Ming dynasty, Longqing Emperor, Madak, Manchuria, Ming dynasty, Ming tombs, Morphine, Noble Consort Zheng, Nurhaci, Oirats, Opium, Princess Rongchang, Princess Shouning, Proleptic Gregorian calendar, Qing dynasty, Red Guards, Rule of Ren and Xuan, Taichang Emperor, The New York Times, Tianqi Emperor, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Wang Xijie, Wang Yangming, Yi Sun-sin, ..., Yongle Emperor, Zhang Juzheng, Zhu (surname), Zhu Changxun, Zhu Xi. Expand index (5 more) » « Shrink index
The Battle of Sarhū (薩爾滸之戰,萨尔浒之战 Sà'ěrhǔ zhī zhàn) refers to a series of battles between the Later Jin dynasty (later known as the Qing dynasty) and the Ming dynasty and their Joseon allies in the winter of 1619.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
This is a family tree of Chinese emperors from the Mongol conquest of 1279 to the end of the Qing dynasty in 1912.
A Chinese era name is the regnal year, reign period, or regnal title used when traditionally numbering years in an emperor's reign and naming certain Chinese rulers.
Chinese surnames are used by Han Chinese and Sinicized ethnic groups in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia, Brunei, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam and among overseas Chinese communities.
The Chongzhen Emperor (6 February 1611 – 25 April 1644), personal name Zhu Youjian, was the 17th and last emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, reigning from 1627–1644.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
Daišan (Manchu:; 19 August 1583 – 25 November 1648) was an influential Manchu prince and statesman of the Qing dynasty.
Dingling is a mausoleum in China where emperor Wanli, together with his two empresses Wang Xijie and Dowager Xiaojing, was buried.
The Donglin movement was an ideological and philosophical movement of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties of China.
The Emperor or Huangdi was the secular imperial title of the Chinese sovereign reigning between the founding of the Qin dynasty that unified China in 221 BC, until the abdication of Puyi in 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of China, although it was later restored twice in two failed revolutions in 1916 and 1917.
Xiaoding, born as Li (1544-1614), was the mother of the Wanli Emperor.
Empress Dowager Xiaojing, surnamed Wang, was a Ming Dynasty concubine of the Wanli Emperor and the biological mother of the Taichang Emperor.
Empress Xiaoyuanzhen was the first wife of the Taichang Emperor when he was crown prince.
The term eunuch (εὐνοῦχος) generally refers to a man who has been castrated, typically early enough in his life for this change to have major hormonal consequences.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person.
Hong Taiji (28November 159221 September1643), sometimes written as Huang Taiji and also referred to as Abahai in Western literature, was an Emperor of the Qing dynasty.
House of Zhu, also known as House of Chu, was the imperial family of the Ming dynasty of China.
The Japanese invasions of Korea comprised two separate yet linked operations: an initial invasion in 1592, a brief truce in 1596, and a second invasion in 1597.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
The Jurchen (Manchu: Jušen; 女真, Nǚzhēn), also known by many variant names, were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria until around 1630, at which point they were reformed and combined with their neighbors as the Manchu.
Li Chengliang (1526–1618) was a Ming dynasty general of Korean descent who was charged with maintaining peaceful relations with the Jurchen tribes.
Li Rusong (1549–1598) was a Chinese general of the Ming dynasty who was from Tieling, Liaodong.
The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in Liaoning Province of Northeast China, historically known in the West as Southeastern Manchuria.
The Ming dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644, succeeding the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty and falling amidst much peasant turmoil to the Manchu-ruled Qing dynasty.
The Longqing Emperor (4March 15375July 1572), personal name Zhu Zaiji (朱載坖), was the 13th emperor of the Ming dynasty of China from 1567 to 1572.
Madak was a blend of opium and tobacco used as a recreational drug in 16th and 17th century China.
Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Ming tombs are a collection of mausoleums built by the emperors of the Ming dynasty of China.
Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.
Noble Consort Zheng was a Ming Dynasty concubine of the Wanli Emperor. She is known for having been his most beloved consort and, in an attempt to please her, he tried to make her son his heir apparent. This act caused over a decade of conflict and factionalism in the imperial court.
Nurhaci (alternatively Nurhachi; 21 February 1559 – 30 September 1626) was a Jurchen chieftain of Jianzhou, a vassal of Ming, who rose to prominence in the late 16th century in Manchuria.
Oirats (Oirad or Ойрд, Oird; Өөрд; in the past, also Eleuths) are the westernmost group of the Mongols whose ancestral home is in the Altai region of western Mongolia.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
Princess Rongchang (1582-1647) was a Chinese princess, the eldest child of the Ming Dynasty Wanli Emperor and his primary wife's, Empress Xiaoduanxian, only child.
Princess Shouning (1592–1634) was a Ming Dynasty princess, the seventh daughter of the Wanli Emperor and third daughter of Noble Consort Zheng.
The proleptic Gregorian calendar is produced by extending the Gregorian calendar backward to dates preceding its official introduction in 1582.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Red Guards were a student mass paramilitary social movement mobilized by Mao Zedong in 1966 and 1967, during the Cultural Revolution.
The Reign of Ren and Xuan (1424-1435) refers to the reigns of the Hongxi Emperor (r. 1424-25) and Xuande Emperor (r. 1425-35) of the Ming dynasty, which was considered the golden age of that dynasty.
The Taichang Emperor (28 August 1582 – 26 September 1620), personal name Zhu Changluo, was the 15th emperor of the Ming dynasty of China.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Tianqi Emperor (23 December 1605 – 30 September 1627), personal name Zhu Youjiao, was the 16th emperor of the Ming dynasty of China, reigning from 1620–1627.
was a preeminent daimyō, warrior, general, samurai, and politician of the Sengoku period who is regarded as Japan's second "great unifier".
Empress Xiaoduanxian (1565 – April, 1620), personal name Wang Xijie, was empress consort of the Ming dynasty Wanli Emperor.
Wang Yangming (26 October 1472 – 9 January 1529), courtesy name Bo'an, was a Chinese idealist Neo-Confucian philosopher, official, educationist, calligraphist and general during the Ming dynasty.
Yi Sun-sin (April 28, 1545 – December 16, 1598) was a Korean naval commander famed for his victories against the Japanese navy during the Imjin war in the Joseon Dynasty, who became an exemplar of conduct to both the Koreans and Japanese.
The Yongle Emperor (Yung-lo in Wade–Giles; 2 May 1360 – 12 August 1424) — personal name Zhu Di (WG: Chu Ti) — was the third emperor of the Ming dynasty in China, reigning from 1402 to 1424.
Zhang Juzheng (1525–1582), courtesy name Shuda, pseudonym Taiyue, was a Chinese reformer and statesman who served as Grand Secretary in the late Ming dynasty during the reigns of the Longqing and Wanli emperors.
Zhu is the pinyin romanization of four Chinese surnames: 朱, 祝, 竺, and 諸. It is alternatively spelled Chu in the Wade-Giles romanization system (primarily used in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan), and Choo (predominantly adopted in Singapore and Malaysia).
Zhu Changxun (1586–1641) was the third son of the Ming dynasty Wanli Emperor.
Zhu Xi (October 18, 1130 – April 23, 1200), also known by his courtesy name Yuanhui (or Zhonghui), and self-titled Hui'an, was a Chinese philosopher, politician, and writer of the Song dynasty.