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Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel source. [1]

105 relations: Acid gas, Acid rain, Algonquin Power & Utilities, Anaerobic digestion, Biodegradable waste, Biofuel, Biogas, Biohydrogen, Biomass, Boiler, Brno, Canada, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Cellulose, Char, Cogeneration, Cost of electricity by source, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dickerson, Maryland, Dioxin, District heating, Edmonton, Electricity, Energy recovery, Energy recycling, Enerkem, England, Essex County Resource Recovery Facility, Ester, Ethanol, Fairmont, Minnesota, Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Fermentation, Flue-gas desulfurization, Fluidized bed combustion, Fly ash, Frederiksberg, Fuel cell, Gas turbine, Gasification, Global warming potential, Governors Island, Greater London, Heat, Heat of combustion, Heavy metals, Hydrogen, Incineration, ..., Incinerator bottom ash, India, Internal combustion engine, International Solid Waste Association, Landfill, Landfill gas, Landfill gas utilization, Liquid fuel, List of solid waste treatment technologies, List of waste management acronyms, List of waste types, London EcoPark, Manlove, Alliott & Co. Ltd., Manure-derived synthetic crude oil, Mechanical biological treatment, Methane, Methanol, Metro Vancouver Regional District, Middlesbrough, Ministry of Environment (Denmark), Municipal solid waste, New Delhi, New York City, Newark, New Jersey, Non-renewable resource, North East England, Nottingham, OECD, Office of Gas and Electricity Markets, Okhla landfill, Particulates, Plasma gasification, Pleasanton, California, Pyrolysis, Pyrolysis oil, Radiocarbon dating, Ramboll, Refuse-derived fuel, Renewable energy, Renewable Energy Association, Reno, Nevada, Steam generator (boiler), Stirling engine, Stoke EfW, Stoke-on-Trent, Syngas, Synthetic fuel, SYSAV waste-to-energy plant, Tar, Teesside EfW, Thermal depolymerization, Thermal treatment, Vienna, Waste-to-energy plant, Wood River, Nebraska. Expand index (55 more) »

Acid gas

Acid gas is a particular typology of natural gas or any other gas mixture containing significant quantities of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2), or similar acidic gases.

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Acid rain

Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it has elevated levels of hydrogen ions (low pH).

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Algonquin Power & Utilities

Algonquin Power & Utilities Corp. is a renewable energy and regulated utility conglomerate with assets across North America.

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Anaerobic digestion

Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes by which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen.

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Biodegradable waste

Biodegradable waste includes any organic matter in waste which can be broken down into carbon dioxide, water, methane or simple organic molecules by micro-organisms and other living things using composting, aerobic digestion, anaerobic digestion or similar processes.

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A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.

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Biogas typically refers to a mixture of different gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen.

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Biohydrogen is H2 that is produced biologically.

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Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.

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A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid (generally water) is heated.

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Brno (Brünn) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.

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Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Char is the solid material that remains after light gases (e.g. coal gas) and tar have been driven out or released from a carbonaceous material during the initial stage of combustion, which is known as carbonization, charring, devolatilization or pyrolysis.

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Cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time.

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Cost of electricity by source

In electrical power generation, the distinct ways of generating electricity incur significantly different costs.

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Dickerson, Maryland

Dickerson is an Unincorporated community in Montgomery County, Maryland.

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Dioxin may refer to.

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District heating

District heating (also known as heat networks or teleheating) is a system for distributing heat generated in a centralized location for residential and commercial heating requirements such as space heating and water heating.

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Edmonton (Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.

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Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.

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Energy recovery

Energy recovery includes any technique or method of minimizing the input of energy to an overall system by the exchange of energy from one sub-system of the overall system with another.

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Energy recycling

Energy recycling is the energy recovery process of utilizing energy that would normally be wasted, usually by converting it into electricity or thermal energy.

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Enerkem is a Montreal-based cleantech company.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Essex County Resource Recovery Facility

The Essex County Resource Recovery Facility, also known as Covanta Essex, is a waste-to-energy incineration power station in Essex County, New Jersey, United States.

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In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.

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Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.

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Fairmont, Minnesota

Fairmont is a city in and the county seat of Martin County, Minnesota, United States.

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Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

The Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, (Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und nukleare Sicherheit), abbreviated BMU, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Fermentation is a metabolic process that consumes sugar in the absence of oxygen.

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Flue-gas desulfurization

Flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) is a set of technologies used to remove sulfur dioxide from exhaust flue gases of fossil-fuel power plants, and from the emissions of other sulfur oxide emitting processes (e.g trash incineration).

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Fluidized bed combustion

Fluidized bed combustion (FBC) is a combustion technology used to burn solid fuels.

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Fly ash

Fly ash, also known as "pulverised fuel ash" in the United Kingdom, is a coal combustion product that is composed of the particulates (fine particles of burned fuel) that are driven out of coal-fired boilers together with the flue gases.

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Frederiksberg is a part of the Capital Region of Denmark.

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Fuel cell

A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.

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Gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.

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Gasification is a process that converts organic- or fossil fuel-based carbonaceous materials into carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide.

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Global warming potential

Global warming potential (GWP) is a relative measure of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps in the atmosphere.

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Governors Island

Governors Island is a island in New York Harbor, approximately from the southern tip of Manhattan Island and separated from Brooklyn by Buttermilk Channel, approximately.

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Greater London

Greater London is a region of England which forms the administrative boundaries of London, as well as a county for the purposes of the lieutenancies.

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In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.

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Heat of combustion

The heating value (or energy value or calorific value) of a substance, usually a fuel or food (see food energy), is the amount of heat released during the combustion of a specified amount of it.

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Heavy metals

Heavy metals are generally defined as metals with relatively high densities, atomic weights, or atomic numbers.

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Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

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Incinerator bottom ash

Incinerator bottom ash (IBA) is a form of ash produced in incineration facilities.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Internal combustion engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.

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International Solid Waste Association

The International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) is a non governmental, independent and non-profit association by statutes and follows the mission statement to promote and develop professional waste management worldwide as a contribution to sustainable development.

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A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.

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Landfill gas

Landfill gas is a complex mix of different gases created by the action of microorganisms within a landfill.

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Landfill gas utilization

Landfill gas utilization is a process of gathering, processing, and treating the methane gas emitted from decomposing garbage to produce electricity, heat, fuels, and various chemical compounds.

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Liquid fuel

Liquid fuels are combustible or energy-generating molecules that can be harnessed to create mechanical energy, usually producing kinetic energy; they also must take the shape of their container.

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List of solid waste treatment technologies

The following page contains a list of different forms of solid waste treatment technologies and facilities employed in waste management infrastructure.

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List of waste management acronyms

The following article contains a list of acronyms and initials used in the waste management industry.

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List of waste types

Waste comes in many different forms and may be categorized in a variety of ways.

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London EcoPark

London EcoPark is a waste-to-energy power station which burns waste from several London boroughs to provide electricity for the National Grid.

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Manlove, Alliott & Co. Ltd.

Manlove, Alliott & Co.

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Manure-derived synthetic crude oil

Manure-derived synthetic crude oil is a synthetic bio-oil chemically engineered (converted) from animal or human manure.

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Mechanical biological treatment

A mechanical biological treatment system is a type of waste processing facility that combines a sorting facility with a form of biological treatment such as composting or anaerobic digestion.

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Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

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Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).

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Metro Vancouver Regional District

Metro Vancouver is a political body and corporate entity designated by provincial legislation as one of the regional districts in British Columbia, Canada.

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Middlesbrough is a large post-industrial town on the south bank of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, north-east England, founded in 1830.

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Ministry of Environment (Denmark)

Ministry of the Environment of Denmark (Miljøministeriet) is the Danish ministry in charge of near all matters concerning Environmental issues in Denmark.

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Municipal solid waste

Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage in the United States and rubbish in Britain, is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are discarded by the public.

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New Delhi

New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Newark, New Jersey

Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.

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Non-renewable resource

A non-renewable resource (also called a finite resource) is a resource that does not renew itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction in meaningful human time-frames.

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North East England

North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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Nottingham is a city and unitary authority area in Nottinghamshire, England, north of London, in the East Midlands.

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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.

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Office of Gas and Electricity Markets

The Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), supporting the Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (GEMA), is the government regulator for the electricity and downstream natural gas markets in Great Britain.

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Okhla landfill

Okhla landfill is a dumping ground in Okhla, Delhi.

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Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.

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Plasma gasification

Plasma gasification is an extreme thermal process using plasma which converts organic matter into a syngas (synthesis gas) which is primarily made up of hydrogen and carbon monoxide.

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Pleasanton, California

Pleasanton is a city in Alameda County, California, incorporated in 1894.

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Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.

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Pyrolysis oil

Pyrolysis oil, sometimes also known as biocrude or bio-oil, is a synthetic fuel under investigation as substitute for petroleum.

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Radiocarbon dating

Radiocarbon dating (also referred to as carbon dating or carbon-14 dating) is a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon.

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Ramboll Group A/S (also known as just "Ramboll") is a consulting engineering group.

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Refuse-derived fuel

Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) is a fuel produced from various types of wastes such as municipal solid wastes (MSW), industrial wastes or commercial wastes.

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Renewable energy

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.

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Renewable Energy Association

The Renewable Energy Association is a trade association for the (overall) renewables industry in the UK.

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Reno, Nevada

Reno is a city in the U.S. state of Nevada, located in the western part of the state, approximately from Lake Tahoe.

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Steam generator (boiler)

A steam generator is a form of low water-content boiler, similar to a flash steam boiler.

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Stirling engine

A Stirling engine is a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas (the working fluid) at different temperatures, such that there is a net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work.

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Stoke EfW

Stoke EfW is a large incineration plant in the Sideway area of Stoke-on-Trent, England.

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Stoke-on-Trent (often abbreviated to Stoke) is a city and unitary authority area in Staffordshire, England, with an area of.

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Syngas, or synthesis gas, is a fuel gas mixture consisting primarily of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and very often some carbon dioxide.

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Synthetic fuel

Synthetic fuel or synfuel is a liquid fuel, or sometimes gaseous fuel, obtained from syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, in which the syngas was derived from gasification of solid feedstocks such as coal or biomass or by reforming of natural gas.

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SYSAV waste-to-energy plant

The SYSAV (Sysav South Scania Waste) waste-to-energy plant is a waste-to-energy plant in Malmö, Sweden, which treats waste from the southern province of Skåne.

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Tar is a dark brown or black viscous liquid of hydrocarbons and free carbon, obtained from a wide variety of organic materials through destructive distillation.

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Teesside EfW

Teesside Energy from Waste plant (also known as Teesside WTE power station or Haverton Hill incinerator) is a municipal waste incinerator and waste-to-energy power station, which provides 29.2 megawatts (MW) of electricity for the National Grid by burning 390,000 tonnes of household and commercial waste a year.

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Thermal depolymerization

Thermal depolymerization (TDP) is a depolymerization process using hydrous pyrolysis for the reduction of complex organic materials (usually waste products of various sorts, often biomass and plastic) into light crude oil.

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Thermal treatment

Thermal treatment is any waste treatment technology that involves high temperatures in the processing of the waste feedstock.

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Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

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Waste-to-energy plant

A waste-to-energy plant is a waste management facility that combusts wastes to produce electricity.

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Wood River, Nebraska

Wood River is a city in Hall County, Nebraska, United States.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste-to-energy

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