138 relations: Acid, Advanced Micro Devices, Air conditioning, Air cooling, Alienware, Aluminium, Amphoterism, Antifreeze, Aquarium, Aqueous Wastes from Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants, Athlon, Atmosphere, Biocide, Biofouling, Boiling point, Bronze, Calcium, Car, Carbonate, Central processing unit, Chemical plant, Chloride, Chlorine, Chromate and dichromate, Chromated copper arsenate, Chromium, Clean Water Act, Coast, Computer cooling, Condensation, Condenser (heat transfer), Conductivity (electrolytic), Convective heat transfer, Cooling pond, Cooling tower, Copper, Corrosion, Cray-2, Cupronickel, Deep water source cooling, Dehumidifier, Dell, Density, Distilled water, Electric generator, Estuary, Eutrophication, Evaporation, Evaporative cooler, Filtration, ..., Fish, Fish screen, Fluid, Fluorinert, Free cooling, Galvanic corrosion, Graphics processing unit, Hard disk drive, Heat, Heat capacity, Heat exchanger, Heat pipe, Heater core, Heavy water, Hopper cooling, Hospital, Hydroelectricity, Hydrogen, Hydronium, Hydroxide, Hypochlorite, Internal combustion engine, Ion, Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, Library of Congress Control Number, Limescale, Lubricant, Machine gun, Magnesium, Meltwater, Motherboard, Neutron capture, Northbridge (computing), Nuclear reactor, Oil cooling, Oil refinery, Overclocking, Oxygen, Pentachlorophenol, Personal computer, PH, Phase (matter), Phase transition, Phosphate, Phosphonate, Phosphorus, Polyphosphate, Power Mac G5, Power supply, Predation, Pump, Purified water, Radiator, Radiator (engine cooling), Random-access memory, RBMK, Regulation, Reverse osmosis, Salinity, Saw, Scavenger, Seawater, Sessility (motility), Shrimp, Southbridge (computing), Sulfate, Sweden, T-Line, Tap water, Thermal conductivity, Thermal pollution, Thermal power station, Thermoelectric cooling, Thermoelectric effect, Thermophile, Thermosiphon, Titanium, Total dissolved solids, Toxicity, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Vapor-compression refrigeration, Voltage regulator module, Waste heat, Water, Water block, Water jacket, Zinc, Zinc phosphate. Expand index (88 more) » « Shrink index
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Air conditioning (often referred to as AC, A/C, or air con) is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space, to improve the comfort of occupants.
Air cooling is a method of dissipating heat.
Alienware is an American computer hardware subsidiary of Dell.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
In chemistry, an amphoteric compound is a molecule or ion that can react both as an acid as well as a base.
An antifreeze is an additive which lowers the freezing point of a water-based liquid and increases its boiling point.
An aquarium (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which aquatic plants or animals are kept and displayed.
Aqueous Wastes from Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants is a book about the composition and treatment of the various wastewater streams produced in the hydrocarbon processing industries (i.e., oil refineries, petrochemical plants and natural gas processing plants).
Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of x86-compatible microprocessors designed and manufactured by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
A biocide is defined in the European legislation as a chemical substance or microorganism intended to destroy, deter, render harmless, or exert a controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological means.
Biofouling or biological fouling is the accumulation of microorganisms, plants, algae, or animals on wetted surfaces.
The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.
Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures (or otherwise processes) chemicals, usually on a large scale.
The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chromate salts contain the chromate anion,.
Chromated copper arsenate (CCA) is a wood preservative that has been used for timber treatment since the mid-1930s.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
The Clean Water Act (CWA) is the primary federal law in the United States governing water pollution.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
Computer cooling is required to remove the waste heat produced by computer components, to keep components within permissible operating temperature limits.
Condensation is the change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase, and is the reverse of vapourisation.
In systems involving heat transfer, a condenser is a device or unit used to condense a substance from its gaseous to its liquid state, by cooling it.
Conductivity (or specific conductance) of an electrolyte solution is a measure of its ability to conduct electricity.
Convective heat transfer, often referred to simply as convection, is the transfer of heat from one place to another by the movement of fluids.
A cooling pond is a man-made body of water primarily formed for the purpose of supplying cooling water to a nearby power plant or industrial facility such as a petroleum refinery, pulp and paper mill, chemical plant, steel mill or smelter.
A cooling tower is a heat rejection device that rejects waste heat to the atmosphere through the cooling of a water stream to a lower temperature.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.
The Cray-2 is a supercomputer with four vector processors made by Cray Research starting in 1985.
Cupronickel (also known as copper-nickel) is an alloy of copper that contains nickel and strengthening elements, such as iron and manganese.
Deep water source cooling (DWSC) or deep water air cooling is a form of air cooling for process and comfort space cooling which uses a large body of naturally cold water as a heat sink.
A dehumidifier is generally an electrical appliance which reduces and maintains the level of humidity in the air, usually for health or comfort reasons, or to eliminate musty odor and to prevent the growth of mildew.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Distilled water is water that has been boiled into steam and condensed back into liquid in a separate container.
In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power (mechanical energy) into electrical power for use in an external circuit.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Eutrophication (from Greek eutrophos, "well-nourished"), or hypertrophication, is when a body of water becomes overly enriched with minerals and nutrients that induce excessive growth of plants and algae.
Evaporation is a type of vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid as it changes into the gaseous phase before reaching its boiling point.
An evaporative cooler (also swamp cooler, desert cooler and wet air cooler) is a device that cools air through the evaporation of water.
Filtration is any of various mechanical, physical or biological operations that separate solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
A fish screen is designed to prevent fish from swimming or being drawn into an aqueduct, cooling water intake, intake tower, dam or other diversion on a river, lake or waterway where water is taken for human use.
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.
Fluorinert is the trademarked brand name for the line of electronics coolant liquids sold commercially by 3M.
Free cooling is an economical method of using low external air temperatures to assist in chilling water, which can then be used for industrial processes, or air conditioning systems.
Galvanic corrosion (also called bimetallic corrosion) is an electrochemical process in which one metal corrodes preferentially when it is in electrical contact with another, in the presence of an electrolyte.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
In thermodynamics, heat is energy transferred from one system to another as a result of thermal interactions.
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between two or more fluids.
A heat pipe is a heat-transfer device that combines the principles of both thermal conductivity and phase transition to effectively transfer heat between two solid interfaces.
A heater core is a radiator-like device used in heating the cabin of a vehicle.
Heavy water (deuterium oxide) is a form of water that contains a larger than normal amount of the hydrogen isotope deuterium (or D, also known as heavy hydrogen), rather than the common hydrogen-1 isotope (or H, also called protium) that makes up most of the hydrogen in normal water.
Hopper cooling is a simple form of water cooling used for small stationary engines.
A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
In chemistry, hydronium is the common name for the aqueous cation, the type of oxonium ion produced by protonation of water.
Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−.
In chemistry, hypochlorite is an ion with the chemical formula ClO−.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Jean Charles Athanase Peltier (22 February 1785 – 27 October 1845) was a French physicist.
The Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress in the United States.
Limescale is the hard, off-white, chalky deposit found in kettles, hot-water boilers and the inside of inadequately maintained hot-water central heating systems.
A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Meltwater is water released by the melting of snow or ice, including glacial ice, tabular icebergs and ice shelves over oceans.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Neutron capture is a nuclear reaction in which an atomic nucleus and one or more neutrons collide and merge to form a heavier nucleus.
A northbridge or host bridge is one of the two chips in the core logic chipset architecture on a PC motherboard, the other being the southbridge.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Oil cooling is the use of engine oil as a coolant, typically to remove surplus heat from an internal combustion engine.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Overclocking is configuration of computer hardware components to operate faster than certified by the original manufacturer, with "faster" specified as clock frequency in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz).
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is an organochlorine compound used as a pesticide and a disinfectant.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
In the physical sciences, a phase is a region of space (a thermodynamic system), throughout which all physical properties of a material are essentially uniform.
The term phase transition (or phase change) is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Phosphonates and phosphonic acids are organophosphorus compounds containing C−PO(OH)2 or C−PO(OR)2 groups (where R.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Polyphosphates are salts or esters of polymeric oxyanions formed from tetrahedral PO4 (phosphate) structural units linked together by sharing oxygen atoms.
The Power Mac G5 is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 2003 to 2006 as part of the Power Mac series.
A power supply is an electrical device that supplies electric power to an electrical load.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action.
Purified water is water that has been mechanically filtered or processed to remove impurities and make it suitable for use.
Radiators are heat exchangers used to transfer thermal energy from one medium to another for the purpose of cooling and heating.
Radiators are heat exchangers used for cooling internal combustion engines, mainly in automobiles but also in piston-engined aircraft, railway locomotives, motorcycles, stationary generating plant or any similar use of such an engine.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
The RBMK (Реактор Большой Мощности Канальный Reaktor Bolshoy Moshchnosti Kanalnyy, “High Power Channel-type Reactor”) is a class of graphite-moderated nuclear power reactor designed and built by the Soviet Union.
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.
Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water purification technology that uses a semipermeable membrane to remove ions, molecules and larger particles from drinking water.
Salinity is the saltiness or amount of salt dissolved in a body of water (see also soil salinity).
A saw is a tool consisting of a tough blade, wire, or chain with a hard toothed edge.
Scavenging is both a carnivorous and a herbivorous feeding behavior in which the scavenger feeds on dead animal and plant material present in its habitat.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
In biology, sessility (in the sense of positional movement or motility) refers to organisms that do not possess a means of self-locomotion and are normally immobile.
The term shrimp is used to refer to some decapod crustaceans, although the exact animals covered can vary.
The southbridge is one of the two chips in the core logic chipset on a personal computer (PC) motherboard, the other being the northbridge.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
A T-Line is a simple alternative to a pressure tank, air-trap or any other filling, bleeding, and draining device.
Tap water (running water, city water, town water, municipal water, etc.) is water supplied to a tap (valve).
Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat.
Thermal pollution is the degradation of water quality by any process that changes ambient water temperature.
A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power.
Thermoelectric cooling uses the Peltier effect to create a heat flux between the junction of two different types of materials.
The thermoelectric effect is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice versa via a thermocouple.
A thermophile is an organism—a type of extremophile—that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between.
Thermosiphon (or thermosyphon) is a method of passive heat exchange, based on natural convection, which circulates a fluid without the necessity of a mechanical pump.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
Total dissolved solids (TDS) is a measure of the combined content of all inorganic and organic substances contained in a liquid in molecular, ionized or micro-granular (colloidal sol) suspended form.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.
The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.
Vapor-compression refrigeration or vapor-compression refrigeration system (VCRS), in which the refrigerant undergoes phase changes, is one of the many refrigeration cycles and is the most widely used method for air-conditioning of buildings and automobiles.
A voltage regulator module (VRM), sometimes called processor power module (PPM), is a buck converter that provides a microprocessor the appropriate supply voltage, converting or to a much lower voltage required by the CPU, allowing processors with different supply voltage to be mounted on the same motherboard.
Waste heat is heat that is produced by a machine, or other process that uses energy, as a byproduct of doing work.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
A water block is the watercooling equivalent of a heatsink.
A water jacket is a water-filled casing surrounding a device, typically a metal sheath having intake and outlet vents to allow water to be pumped through and circulated.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
Zinc phosphate (Zn3(PO4)2) is an inorganic chemical compound used as a corrosion resistant coating on metal surfaces either as part of an electroplating process or applied as a primer pigment (see also red lead).