56 relations: Angular frequency, Centimetre–gram–second system of units, Diffraction grating, Dimensional analysis, Dimensionless quantity, Dispersion relation, Electromagnetic radiation, Elementary particle, Encyclopædia Britannica, Energy, Evanescent field, Frequency, Group velocity, Heinrich Kayser, Hertz, Hydrogen spectral series, Interferometry, International System of Units, Johannes Rydberg, Kinetic energy, Magnitude (mathematics), Mass, Matter wave, Momentum, Momentum operator, Multidimensional system, Neutron diffraction, Nu (letter), Optical medium, Outline of physical science, Permeability (electromagnetism), Permittivity, Phase velocity, Photon, Photon energy, Planck constant, Planck–Einstein relation, Principal quantum number, Quantum mechanics, Radian, Reciprocal length, Refractive index, Rydberg constant, Rydberg formula, Rydberg–Ritz combination principle, Science (journal), Spatial frequency, Spectroscopy, Speed of light, Units of energy, ..., Wave, Wave packet, Wave vector, Wavelength, X-ray crystallography, Zonal wavenumber. Expand index (6 more) » « Shrink index
In physics, angular frequency ω (also referred to by the terms angular speed, radial frequency, circular frequency, orbital frequency, radian frequency, and pulsatance) is a scalar measure of rotation rate.
The centimetre–gram–second system of units (abbreviated CGS or cgs) is a variant of the metric system based on the centimetre as the unit of length, the gram as the unit of mass, and the second as the unit of time.
In optics, a diffraction grating is an optical component with a periodic structure that splits and diffracts light into several beams travelling in different directions.
In engineering and science, dimensional analysis is the analysis of the relationships between different physical quantities by identifying their base quantities (such as length, mass, time, and electric charge) and units of measure (such as miles vs. kilometers, or pounds vs. kilograms) and tracking these dimensions as calculations or comparisons are performed.
In dimensional analysis, a dimensionless quantity is a quantity to which no physical dimension is assigned.
In physical sciences and electrical engineering, dispersion relations describe the effect of dispersion in a medium on the properties of a wave traveling within that medium.
In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.
In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle with no substructure, thus not composed of other particles.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object.
In electromagnetics, an evanescent field, or evanescent wave, is an oscillating electric and/or magnetic field that does not propagate as an electromagnetic wave but whose energy is spatially concentrated in the vicinity of the source (oscillating charges and currents).
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
The group velocity of a wave is the velocity with which the overall shape of the wave's amplitudes—known as the modulation or envelope of the wave—propagates through space.
Heinrich Gustav Johannes Kayser ForMemRS (16 March 1853 – 14 October 1940) was a German physicist and spectroscopist.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
The emission spectrum of atomic hydrogen is divided into a number of spectral series, with wavelengths given by the Rydberg formula.
Interferometry is a family of techniques in which waves, usually electromagnetic waves, are superimposed causing the phenomenon of interference in order to extract information.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
Johannes (Janne) Robert Rydberg (8 November 1854 – 28 December 1919) was a Swedish physicist mainly known for devising the Rydberg formula, in 1888, which is used to describe the wavelengths of photons (of light and other electromagnetic radiation) emitted by changes in the energy level of an electron in a hydrogen atom.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
In mathematics, magnitude is the size of a mathematical object, a property which determines whether the object is larger or smaller than other objects of the same kind.
Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied.
Matter waves are a central part of the theory of quantum mechanics, being an example of wave–particle duality.
In Newtonian mechanics, linear momentum, translational momentum, or simply momentum (pl. momenta) is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.
In quantum mechanics, the momentum operator is an operator which maps the wave function in a Hilbert space representing a quantum state to another function.
In mathematical systems theory, a multidimensional system or m-D system is a system in which not only one dependent variable exists (like time), but there are several independent variables.
Neutron diffraction or elastic neutron scattering is the application of neutron scattering to the determination of the atomic and/or magnetic structure of a material.
Nu (uppercase Ν lowercase ν; νι ni) or ny is the 13th letter of the Greek alphabet.
An optical medium is material through which electromagnetic waves propagate.
Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science.
In electromagnetism, permeability is the measure of the ability of a material to support the formation of a magnetic field within itself.
In electromagnetism, absolute permittivity, often simply called permittivity, usually denoted by the Greek letter ε (epsilon), is the measure of resistance that is encountered when forming an electric field in a particular medium.
The phase velocity of a wave is the rate at which the phase of the wave propagates in space.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
Photon energy is the energy carried by a single photon.
The Planck constant (denoted, also called Planck's constant) is a physical constant that is the quantum of action, central in quantum mechanics.
The Planck–Einstein relationFrench & Taylor (1978), pp.
In quantum mechanics, the principal quantum number (symbolized n) is one of four quantum numbers which are assigned to all electrons in an atom to describe that electron's state.
Quantum mechanics (QM; also known as quantum physics, quantum theory, the wave mechanical model, or matrix mechanics), including quantum field theory, is a fundamental theory in physics which describes nature at the smallest scales of energy levels of atoms and subatomic particles.
The radian (SI symbol rad) is the SI unit for measuring angles, and is the standard unit of angular measure used in many areas of mathematics.
Reciprocal length or inverse length is a measurement used in several branches of science and mathematics.
In optics, the refractive index or index of refraction of a material is a dimensionless number that describes how light propagates through that medium.
The Rydberg constant, symbol R∞ for heavy atoms or RH for hydrogen, named after the Swedish physicist Johannes Rydberg, is a physical constant relating to atomic spectra, in the science of spectroscopy.
The Rydberg formula is used in atomic physics to describe the wavelengths of spectral lines of many chemical elements.
The Rydberg–Ritz combination principle is an empirical generalization proposed by Walther Ritz in 1908 to describe the relationship of the spectral lines for all atoms.
Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.
In mathematics, physics, and engineering, spatial frequency is a characteristic of any structure that is periodic across position in space.
Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.
Because energy is defined via work, the SI unit for energy is the same as the unit of work – the joule (J), named in honor of James Prescott Joule and his experiments on the mechanical equivalent of heat.
In physics, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space, with little or no associated mass transport.
In physics, a wave packet (or wave train) is a short "burst" or "envelope" of localized wave action that travels as a unit.
In physics, a wave vector (also spelled wavevector) is a vector which helps describe a wave.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.
X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.
In meteorological applications, a zonal wavenumber or hemispheric wavenumber is the dimensionless number of wavelengths fitting within a full circle around the globe at a given latitude.